267 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2024
  2. May 2024
    1. Eine neue, grundlegende Studie zu Klima-Reparationen ergibt, dass die größten Fosssilkonzerne jählich mindestens 209 Milliarden Dollar als Reparationen an von ihnen besonders geschädigte Communities zahlen müssen. Dabei sind Schäden wie der Verlust von Menschenleben und Zerstörung der Biodiversität nicht einberechnet. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2023/may/19/fossil-fuel-firms-owe-climate-reparations-of-209bn-a-year-says-study

      Studie: Time to pay the piper: Fossil fuel companies’ reparations for climate damages https://www.cell.com/one-earth/fulltext/S2590-3322(23)00198-7

    1. Dichter und sehr gut dokumentierter Überblicksratikel über die Expansionspläne der Öl- und Gasindustrie. Aus unerschlossenen Feldern sollen 230 Milliarden Barrel Öläquivalent gefördert werden - im klaren Widerspruch zum Pariser Abkommen. Durch Ausbeutung neuer Lager werden bis 2025 voraussichtlich 70 Gt CO<sub>2</sub> und damit 17% des Budgets für das 1,5° Ziel ausgestoßen. Eingegangen wird auch auf den Ausstiegsplan des Tyndall Centre. https://taz.de/Run-auf-fossile-Brennstoffe/!5973686/

    1. In Afrika ist Gasinfrastruktur für 245 Milliarden Dollar geplant Vanessa Nakate ruft die westlichen Staaten auf, Afrika bei der Entwicklung erneuerbarer Energien zu unterstützen, statt Erdgasvorräte zu erschließen, Abhängigkeit und Verschmutzung zu steigern und die Klimakrise noch weiter zu verschärfen. Nakate argumentiert auch damit, dass nach dem neuesten IEA Report bereits 2025 ein Erdgasüberschuss herrschen wird. Nur 2% der Investitionen in Erneuerbare gehen im Augenblick nach Afrika https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2023/oct/27/rich-countries-fossil-fuels-africa-renewables-gas-climate

  3. Apr 2024
    1. Eine Gruppe von NGOs hat ein Konzept für eine Klimaschaden-Steuer ausgearbeitet, zu der Öl- und Gasgesellschaften ausgehend vom von ihnen verursachten CO2-Ausstoß herangezogen würden. Würde die Steuer in den OECD-Ländern mit 5$ pro Kilotonne CO2 beginnen und sich jährlich um weitere 5$ erhöhen, stünden 2030 jährlich 900 Milliarden $ vor allem für den Loss and Damage Fund zur Verfügung, der bei der COP28 beschlossen wurde.

      https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2024/apr/29/taxing-big-fossil-fuel-firms-raise-billions-climate-finance

      Bericht: https://www.greenpeace.fr/wp-content/uploads/2024/03/CDT_guide_2024_embargoed_version.pdf

    1. Eine neue Studie beschäftigt sich mit der zunehmenden Frequenz der Aufeinanderfolge extremer Trockenheit und extremer Niederschläge in Pakistan und in vielen afrikanischen Ländern. Ähnliche Phänomene lassen sich in Norditalien feststellen. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2023/nov/14/extreme-drought-in-northern-italy-mirrors-climate-in-ethiopia

      Studie: https://washmatters.wateraid.org/sites/g/files/jkxoof256/files/2022-10/WaterAid%20Africa%20Drought%20work%20Methods%20and%20Full%20Results_CONFIDENTIAL_26_10_22_final%20%281%29.pdf

    1. Eine extreme Hitzewelle hat in der Sahelzone Hunderte, wahrscheinlich Tausende Menschenleben gefordert. World Weather Attribution zufolge ist die Höhe der Temperaturen eindeutig auf die globale Erhitzung durch Treibhausgase zurückzuführen. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2024/apr/18/lethal-heatwave-in-sahel-worsened-by-fossil-fuel-burning-study-finds

      Zur Studie: https://www.worldweatherattribution.org/extreme-sahel-heatwave-that-hit-highly-vulnerable-population-at-the-end-of-ramadan-would-not-have-occurred-without-climate-change/

    1. QUALITATIVE DATA ANALYSISPerceived fears and concerns of educatorsSome concerns and fears, which ar

      P 574 to 582 cited in Literacy review as part of OBe failing for teachers and students.

  4. Mar 2024
    1. the problem with Africa is that they are such a huge importer of all the things that is necessary to maintain Modern Life most notably agriculture that if you break down Global Supply 00:09:19 chains a lot of these countries are going to dissolve

      for - resiliency - Africa - futures - Africa

      resiliency - Africa - food production and becoming autonomous - Africa needs to become autonomous of global supply chains in order to become resilient in the next critical years

    1. for - Elon Musk Don Lemon interview - Elon Musk - cancels Don Lemon - Elon Musk - South Africa, early childhood trauma

      Summary - Lemon points out Musk's consequential role in the world and that people who invest in his various projects have a right to know about the wellbeing of the leader of the company they are investing in. - Actions speak louder than words and his cancelation of Lemon's show demonstrates he was very uncomfortable with Lemon's questions. It was obvious from Musk's defensive body language.

      Reference - https://fortune.com/well/2023/09/17/does-elon-musk-have-ptsd-walter-isaacson-biography/ - https://www.nytimes.com/2022/05/05/world/africa/elon-musk-south-africa.html

  5. Jan 2024
    1. Die italienische Ministerpräsidentin Meloni hat Einzelheiten des sogenannten Mattei-Plans bekannt gegeben, mit dem man die Zusammenarbeit mit Afrika intensivieren will. Von 5,5 Milliarden Euro, die ausgegeben werden sollen, stammt mehr als die Hälfte aus dem italienischen Klimafonds und der Rest aus dem Fonds für Entwicklung- und Zusammenarbeit. Eine Hauptabsicht ist, neben vielen Entwicklungs- und Weiterbildungsprojekten, Italien zu einem "hub" für Strom- und Gas- bzw Wasserstofflieferungen nach Europa zu machen. https://www.repubblica.it/politica/2024/01/29/news/piano_mattei_cosa_e_quali_sono_i_progetti-422007100/

    1. Anlässlich des Italien-Afrika-Gipfels in Rom warnen etwa 600 afrikanische Fachleute in einem offenen Brief davor, noch mehr in fossile Energien in Afrika zu investieren, ein überholtes Entwicklungsmodell festzuschreiben und die Emissionen weiter zu erhöhen. Italien ist bereits jetzt der wichtigste europäische Importeur fossiler Brennstoffe aus Afrika. Die Regierung Meloni will diese Schlüsselrolle ausbauen .https://www.repubblica.it/green-and-blue/2024/01/29/news/piano_mattei_vertice_gas-422000853/

    1. African countries have become reliant on a few food items.

      for - stats - Africa - food insecurity - adjancency - food colonialism - food insecurity - food dependency

      stats - food insecurity - 20 plant species make up 90% of food consumed in Africa - 3 crops introduced by the Green Revolution make up 60% of all calories consumed - wheat - maize - rice

      • African countries have become reliant on a few food items.

      • Just 20 plant species now provide 90% of our food, with three

        • wheat,
        • maize and
        • rice

      accounting for 60% of all calories consumed on the continent and globally.

      • This deprives the continent of diverse food sources,

      at the very time when research has found

      massive food and nutrition insecurity in Africa.

      • By 2020, about 20% of the continent’s population (281.6 million) faced hunger.
      • This figure is likely to have increased,
        • given the impacts of successive droughts, floods and COVID-19.

      Yet historically, Africa had

      - 30,000 edible plant species, and 
      - 7,000 were traditionally cultivated or foraged for food.
      

      The continent is a treasure trove of agrobiodiversity (a diversity of types of crops and animals) and

      • its countries could easily feed themselves.
  6. Dec 2023
    1. Die afrikanischen Politiker:innen Nathaniel Mong’are und Abdoulie Ceesay bewerten das COP28-Ergebnis und die Ktivitäten der Emirate vor und während der Konferenz als positiv. Maßgeblich für sie ist die Finanzierung des gerechten Übergang; hier sei viel, wenn auch bei weitem nicht genug, Geld mobilisiert worden.

      https://foreignpolicy.com/2023/12/15/cop28-fossil-fuel-nations-sabotage-climate-deal-africa/?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Editors%27%20Picks:%2012152023&utm_term=editors_picks

    1. in west Africa, whereabout 6.4 million (39.3%) of an estimated 16.2 millionpregnant women had malaria infections

      39.3% of pregnant women in West Africa moderate to high transmission countries had malaria infections in 2022. This seems surprisingly high. I haven't seen the regular case incidence for West Africa directly mentioned in this report, but I would expect it lower than the case incidence for Nigeria which I calculate as 30.5% (p202)

    2. 1.2

      1.2% of patients don't respond to the standard malaria medication

    3. A. P. falciparum parasite rate (Pf PR), 2022

      ChatGPT: "The term "Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate" refers to the percentage of individuals in a population who are infected with the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum ... PfPR\(_{2-10}\) refers to the Plasmodium falciparum Parasite Rate in the age group of 2 to 10 years old."

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    Annotators

  7. Nov 2023
      • for: future cities - Africa, CommuniTgrow, urban planning - Africa, African cities, futures - African cities, 2 Billion Strong, Gita Govin, Richard Rubin, Alistair Rendall

      • title:

        • 2 Billion Strong
          • A Regenerative Solution to Building Sustainable African Cities
      • author
        • Gita Govin
        • Richard Rubin
        • Alistair Rendall
      • date: 2012
      • summary
        • This book outlines the vision from sustainable architectural firm CommuniTGrow for a template for a future sustainable African city. The first project launching in 2024 is the Milkwood Development in Cape Town:
  8. Sep 2023
      • for: climate financing, JETP, Just Energy Transition Partnerships
      • summary
        • Just Energy Transition Partnerships (JETP) are happening in South Africa and also Indonesia, Vietnam, Senegal and possibly India.
        • Will these actually happen? Will they be enough to avoid the highest risk of planetary tipping points?
    1. “Given the high unemployment rate in South Africa as well … you cannot sell it as a climate change intervention,” says Deborah Ramalope, head of climate policy analysis at the policy institute Climate Analytics in Berlin. “You really need to sell it as a socioeconomic intervention.”
      • for: quote, quote - climate change intervention, Trojan horse, Deborah Ramalope
      • quote
        • Given the high unemployment rate in South Africa as well … you cannot sell it as a climate change intervention, you really need to sell it as a socioeconomic intervention.
      • author: Deborah Ramalop
      • date: Aug. 15, 2023
      • source: https://www.wired.co.uk/article/just-energy-transition-partnerships-south-africa-cop
      • comment
        • A Trojan horse strategy
    2. climate finance expert Malango Mughogho, who is managing director of ZeniZeni Sustainable Finance Limited in South Africa and a member of the United Nations High-Level Expert Group on net-zero emissions commitments.
      • for: climate change financing - South Africa, Malango Mughogho, ZeniZeni, net-zero
  9. Aug 2023
    1. Views 0 CrossRef citations to date 32 Altmetric Research Article The spatial and social logic of the Minibus Taxi network: how access may support social inclusion in Cape Town, South Africa
      • for: cape town transportation, minibus industry South Africa , Cape Town, sustainable transportation, informal transport
      • title
        • Views 0 CrossRef citations to date 32 Altmetric Research Article The spatial and social logic of the Minibus Taxi network: how access may support social inclusion in Cape Town, South Africa
      • date
        • May 24, 2021
      • author
        • Ruth Joan Nelson
      • source
  10. Jul 2023
    1. Vor allem in afrikanischen Ländern wie Burkina Faso wird eine weitere Erhitzung zu Temperaturen führen, die für Menschen nur durch Klimatisierung zu ertragen sind. Weltweit wird der Energiebedarf für Kühlung so sehr steigen, dass er 2050 dem gesamten Energiebedarf der USA, Europas und Japans im Jahr 2016 entsprechen könnte. Bericht über eine schon im Mai erschienene Studie zum Kühlungsbedarf bis 2050.

      https://burkina24.com/2023/07/21/rechauffement-climatique-le-burkina-faso-parmi-les-pays-les-plus-severement-touches-en-afrique/

      Studie: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-023-01155-z

      (via @Snoro@mastodon.social )

    1. First and foremost, where will a largely desert country source the water for electrolysis? Secondly, will Namibia export only hydrogen, ammonia, or some of the industrial products made with the green inputs? It would be advantageous for Namibia to develop a heavy-chemicals and iron-smelting industry. But from Germany’s point of view, that might well defeat the object, which is precisely to provide affordable green energy with which to keep industrial jobs in Europe.

      This is an interesting point - shipping the gas vs shipping the higher value products enabled by the gas

  11. Jun 2023
    1. This a summary of the conference, and the key takeaways for me are:

      • lack of local adoption: **climate alerts and news in general is often in English, and indexes assume a European norm, so for a hotter place it's hard to tell when things are much worse than normal. A as result they're not used so much,
      • climate killing the least vulnerable water bornes diseases are increased by flooding, and the leading cause of child deaths ends up being amplified
      • downscaled climate models are helpful not not widely available there is a lack of infra to use them
    2. Dr Lisa van Aardenne, the chief scientist of the University of Cape Town’s climate system analysis group, discussed the use and utility of thermal stress indices. She pointed out that, by the definitions of the universal thermal climate index, much of Africa is under heat stress most days of the year.  Van Aardenne noted that these indices have been developed from a European perspective and do not align with the reality on the ground in Africa. She added: “I’m very concerned that these indices are not fit for purpose here.”

      So for Africa, the figures are so bad that they always look like they're in an emergency? I'm guessing the impact would be that people are more likely to ignore them

    3. Dr Sokhna Thiam, from the African Population and Health Research Center in Nairobi, Kenya, added that water-borne enteric diseases are among the “primary expected health impacts” of climate change.

      Basically climate changes makes the leading cause of child deaths much worse

  12. May 2023
    1. United States biomedical researchers and pharmaceutical companies are conducting and paying African doctors to conduct unethical and illegal testing of human subjects. Nonconsensual research on human subjects is an atrocity that occurred in Tuskegee, Alabama, and in Guatemala for over forty years. Once outlawed in the U.S., medical researchers began experimenting on thousands of human research subjects without their consent in Cameroon, Ghana, Namibia, Nigeria, Uganda, South Africa, Zimbabwe and other African countries.

  13. Apr 2023
  14. Feb 2023
    1. The complexities of the response of South Africans to the war in Ukraine are discussed in this story. On the one hand, the South African ANC government has had a historical political and economic relationship with Russia that continues up to the invasion of Ukraine. On the other hand, the ANCs struggle against apartheid puts it in a paradoxical situation with the huge atrocities Russia is now perpetrating upon Ukraine.

      Violations of early NATO treaty and alleged corruption within the Ukraine government cannot justify Putin's continued human rights atrocities.

      In this day and age, does national sovereignty justify war? In this day and age, the need for Mutually Assured Destruction is indeed MADness .

      With climate change breathing down our necks as well as the 6th mass extinction, we appear to be a world gone mad.

  15. Jan 2023
    1. I was struck by the sad, but simultaneously brutally honest ways in which Wainaina illustrates how Africa as a continent has been classically depicted in literature. Wainaina describes that there is a primarily Eurocentric view of Africa in which white people, celebrities, activists, aids workers, and conservationists seem to be held in a higher regard than native Africans.

    1. In 2003 five northern Nigerian states boycotted the oral polio vaccine due to fears that it was unsafe. Though the international responses have been scrutinised in the literature, this paper argues that lessons still need to be learnt from the boycott: that the origins and continuation of the boycott were due to specific local factors.

      Origin and continuation boycott made this unique.

    1. Indeed ‘anti-vaccination rumours’ have been defined as a major threat to achieving vaccine coverage goals. This is demonstrated in this paper through a case study of responses to the Global Polio Eradication Campaign (GPEI) in northern Nigeria where Muslim leaders ordered the boycott of the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV). A 16-month controversy resulted from their allegations that the vaccines were contaminated with anti-fertility substances and the HIV virus was a plot by Western governments to reduce Muslim populations worldwide.
  16. Dec 2022
  17. Nov 2022
  18. Aug 2022
    1. Kustin, T., Harel, N., Finkel, U., Perchik, S., Harari, S., Tahor, M., Caspi, I., Levy, R., Leschinsky, M., Dror, S. K., Bergerzon, G., Gadban, H., Gadban, F., Eliassian, E., Shimron, O., Saleh, L., Ben-Zvi, H., Amichay, D., Ben-Dor, A., … Stern, A. (2021). Evidence for increased breakthrough rates of SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern in BNT162b2 mRNA vaccinated individuals. MedRxiv, 2021.04.06.21254882. https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.04.06.21254882

    1. John Burn-Murdoch. (2021, November 25). Five quick tweets on the new variant B.1.1.529 Caveat first: Data here is very preliminary, so everything could change. Nonetheless, better safe than sorry. 1) Based on the data we have, this variant is out-competing others far faster than Beta and even Delta did 🚩🚩 https://t.co/R2Ac4e4N6s [Tweet]. @jburnmurdoch. https://twitter.com/jburnmurdoch/status/1463956686075580421

    1. Jay Patel. (2021, December 12). Well captured by @snolen. Even as vaccine supply becomes more reliable, the uptake challenge across Africa is partly down to “vaccine indifference” rather than hesitancy––there are far more pressing problems across the region. [Tweet]. @PatelJay. https://twitter.com/Patel_Jay_/status/1470028858682400772

  19. Jul 2022
    1. Im Zentrum des Interesses an Afrika und der Interessen afrikanischer Eltern steht Energie. Ägypten will das neue Feld von Zohr ausbeuten. Italien hat Abkommen mit Kongo, Angola und Algerien geschlossen.

  20. May 2022
    1. Crop harvests for direct food use insufficient to meet the UN’s food security goal

      Planetary Boundary / Doughnut Economic Main Main Category: SOCIO-ECONOMIC: Food

      Visit Stop Reset Go on Indyweb for detailed context graph and to begin or engage in discussion on this topic. (Coming soon)

  21. Apr 2022
    1. (((Howard Forman))) [@thehowie]. (2021, December 26). South Africa Hospitalizations⬆️15% week over week⬆️0.3% from yesterday Gauteng Province⬆️2.4% week over week⬆️0.7% Long plateau: Ventilators are last to peak (17% of Delta peak) Should see meaningful declines later this week. Https://t.co/qNv1l5hNcv [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/thehowie/status/1475095305297268740

    1. Kai Kupferschmidt. (2021, December 1). If you’re curious how likely #omicron is to have spread from South Africa or Botswana to different places, @DirkBrockmann and colleagues have done some interesting calculations based on the world aviation network from 08/2021 You can see that US seems a very likely destination https://t.co/OSnZ6ZNble [Tweet]. @kakape. https://twitter.com/kakape/status/1466107074585239568

    1. Ravi K Gupta [@ravgup33_ravi]. (2021, November 24). This one is worrying and I’ve not said that since delta. Please get vaccinated and boosted and mask up in public as the mutations in this virus likely result in high level escape from neutralising antibodies [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/ravgup33_ravi/status/1463626745651806208

    1. Dr Dominic Pimenta [@DrDomPimenta]. (2021, December 15). An illustration of communicating risk with “less severe” variants: [Thread] Assume Omicron is 4x more transmissible than Delta. [1] Assume Omicron leads to 1/3 less admissions than Delta. [Figure below] Assume 1 in 100 cases of Delta are admitted to hospital. Https://t.co/XtnVwoOrUo [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/DrDomPimenta/status/1471094002808242177

    1. Prof. Christina Pagel 🇺🇦 [@chrischirp]. (2021, November 24). As well as Tom’s new one (B.1.1.529), C.1.2 seems to be spreading in S Africa—C.1.2 was the one with lots of worrying mutations first reported in August... Plus cases in S Africa suddenly increasing again in the middle of their summer. Https://t.co/fCqfOMcO83 [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/chrischirp/status/1463504890530086917

    1. Dr Emma Hodcroft [@firefoxx66]. (2021, November 26). We now have B.1.1.529 sequences (designed at @nextstrain clade 21K) up in our Africa build. You can check them out below. These are from South Africa & Botswana—You can see the high number of mutations. CoVariants focal build & updates will come ASAP. https://t.co/fqBldneF5U [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/firefoxx66/status/1464145615571623938

    1. Moritz Gerstung. (2021, November 1). An update on currently circulating SARS-CoV-2 variants in England beyond AY.4.2. Based on data released weekly to http://covid19.sanger.ac.uk we’ve been monitoring the speed of spread of currently 232 lineages. It’s a very dynamic situation and at times hard to stay on top. 🧵 [Tweet]. @MoritzGerstung. https://twitter.com/MoritzGerstung/status/1455136551407689734

    1. South Africa has nearly 26 000 schools, 400 000 teachers and close to 13-million learners.

      South Africa has an interesting number of school and learners. with a big number of learners in the country.

  22. Mar 2022