109 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. Using multiple copies of a neuron in different places is the neural network equivalent of using functions. Because there is less to learn, the model learns more quickly and learns a better model. This technique – the technical name for it is ‘weight tying’ – is essential to the phenomenal results we’ve recently seen from deep learning.

  2. Jul 2021
    1. information that can be analyzed for patterns.

      I found myself wondering previously if the concept of co-citation networks could be used to instead display research questions and patterns and I believe that text-mining would be a tool to use for such a project. How exactly one would undertake such a project remains a mystery to me at this point.

    1. What it is

      Perhaps one day, when I am prepared to share my experiences with domestic violence and substance use disorder within my family, I will create such a resource

    2. A Network Visualization: A Co-Citation Network for Philosophy

      I wonder if rather than creating a co-citation network, one could create something that analyzes the information in the articles, then create a network that visualizes the current discussions on the topic. The article does say co-citation networks are a way to learn about the discussion surrounding a topic, I would be interested to see a visualization that explores something like the state of knowledge surrounding epigenetics and addictions.

    3. A Gallery of Primary Sources: Making the History of 1989

      This looks like an invaluable resource to have access to. Imagine starting a research project and being able to reach 300 relevant primary sources, introductory essays, and interviews from one consolidated website. It will be interesting to see if this type of source becomes more popular for scholarly activities in the future. Though again, the question remains, if such a resource were used in a field that is not historical- who will update and maintain these sites?

    1. Trump had led the country to the brink of its own “Reichstag moment,” viewing him as a potential threat to American democracy.

      -- Gen. Mark Milley, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

    1. How to Create a Travel Website: Types, Features, Industry TrendsTimur YilmazTech JournalistProduct GuideHomeBlogEntrepreneurshipHow to Create a Travel Website: Types, Features, Industry TrendsJul 13, 202119 min readMost people plan a journey by seeking advice from the same source — the Internet. As ending the pandemic is becoming more solvable, many of us think about where to travel next. Ironically, we tend to get easily overwhelmed by the sheer amount of tasks. What place is ok for a night stay? Which is the best camera backpack? Where to refuel? So today, we will figure out how a travel website works. We will also share tips on how to make your own travel website genuinely shine.

      Most people plan a journey by seeking advice from the same source — the Internet. As ending the pandemic is becoming more solvable, many of us think about where to travel next.

      Ironically, we tend to get easily overwhelmed by the sheer amount of tasks. What place is ok for a night stay? Which is the best camera backpack? Where to refuel?

      So today, we will figure out how a travel website works. We will also share tips on how to make your own travel website genuinely shine.

    1. “The humanities and social sciences are the emerging domains for usinghigh-performance computers,”

      Though these fields may be at the forefront of computerized projects, I believe many fields will benefit from the technologies and practices that are developing and that digital humanities projects may serve as an important resource to individuals throughout their educational lives. Do you remember being 13 and learning about war and other events from work-sheets and textbooks? How much of that do you remember? How much more meaningful could that experience have been if it consisted of an interactive timeline and map?

    1. Anyone can be a publisher on the Web and within a rather short time the focus of a broader base of interest in humanities computing became the delivery of scholarly material over the Internet. The advantages of this are enormous from the producer's point of view. The format is no longer constrained by that of a printed book. Theoretically there is almost no limit on size, and hypertext links provide a useful way of dealing with annotations, etc. The publication can be built up incrementally as and when bits of it are ready for publication. It can be made available to its audience immediately and it can easily be amended and updated.

      Isn't that the truth? With a $50 investment one can run their own website and publish whatever information they please, free of constraints associated with physical texts and the associated editing processes. While I can appreciate the benefits of the online format of information, it certainly does put more of an onus on consumers (both academic and lay-people alike) to find reputable sources of information.

    2. The technical aspects of this are fairly clear. Perhaps less clear is the management of the project, who controls or vets the annotations, and how it might all be maintained for the future.

      I think this is an interesting point. The increased ability to collaborate on projects is a benefit of going digital, however, where such projects allow commentary from the public, how are these comments managed? Who will ensure that a project does not become full of irrelevant or even false information?

    3. It is believed that the first use of computers in a disputed authorship study was carried out on the Junius Letters by Alvar Ellegard. Published in 1962, this study did not use a computer to make the word counts, but did use machine calculations which helped Ellegard get an overall picture of the vocabulary from hand counts (Ellegard 1962). What is probably the most influential computer-based authorship investigation was also carried out in the early 1960s.

      What an interesting use of technology. Authentication of works by quantification. Clearly there is overlap between digital humanities and scientific fields such as chemistry where quantifiable data is a substantial part of research.

  3. Jun 2021
    1. La formation des personnels de l’Education nationale à la laïcité et aux valeurs de la République



    1. One way to do this is by using first-party data to connect in-store transactions back to digital advertising campaigns.

      I work for a jewelry store and get to see all of this happening first hand. I believe this is like what we did when Covid hit and our store kept closing down and re opening. We use Shopify that is linked to our website and then I have a Shopify POS system in store that helps keep everything connected. So I believe that is an example of this.

  4. May 2021
    1. Do you want to build a successful and viable web solution? Implement the most recent trends in web development for 2021 to increase engagement and grow your business.The modern world is steadily developing, and new web technologies emerge every day. These new trends offer a lot of opportunities to entrepreneurs who want to engage more users and stay competitive in the market.In this article, we want to share the top 9 latest trends in web application development in 2021 that you should know about.
  5. Apr 2021
    1. Analyse der Realisierungschancen des Plans der Biden-Administration bis 2030 zu halbieren. Viel Hintergrund-Informationen zu den politischen Bedingungen. Erkennbar werden, das aus einigen Bereichen der Industrie gebremst werden wird. Deutlich ist auch, dass Biden die Klimapolitik mit dem Ziel verbindet und argumentiert, die US-Wirtschaft nach vorne zu bringen und industrielle Arbeitsplätze in den USA zu schaffen. Biden’s Bet on a Climate Transition Carries Big Risks - The New York Times

    1. a high level of motivation derived from thosearound them/other respected colleagues (FrancoSantos 2014 in Thomas2014)/ athletes

      fully agree with this statement as motivated people motivate others and allow for a great team working ethic with everyone pulling in the same direction

    1. Wurde der US-Klimagipfel also zum "Gamechanger"? Die Zusage der USA bedeute beinahe eine Verdopplung des vorherigen Ziels, erklärt die Politikwissenschafterin Alina Brad von der Uni Wien. "Dazu gibt es auch ernst zu nehmende Anzeichen, wie das zwei Billionen Dollar schwere Infrastrukturpaket." Ähnlich fasst es Klimaökonom Karl Steininger zusammen: "Biden ist es ernst, seiner Partei auch." Die Rufe nach mehr Klimaschutz könnten global weitere Initiativen anstoßen, sagt der Ökonom, betont aber das Wort "könnten".
    1. Ein neuer Bericht der @IEA prognostiziert, dass die globalen CO2-Emissionen aus fossilen Brennstoffen im Jahr 2021 wieder ansteigen werden, mit dem zweitgrößten Anstieg in der Geschichte. In diesem Fall hätte 2021 die dritthöchsten Emissionen in der Geschichte, nach 2018 und 2019. Global Energy Review 2021 – Analysis - IEA, Zeke Hausfather auf Twitter

    1. Katherine Tai, the United States trade representative, made a case on Thursday for using trade policies to fight climate change, devoting her first speech in her new position to addressing one of President Biden’s top priorities.

      Katherin Tai, die Handesbeauftragte der neuen US-Regierung, ruft in ihrer ersten Rede dazu auf, die Handespolitik zu einem Instrument des Kampfes gegen die Klimakrise zu machen. U.S. trade representative uses her first speech to call for action on climate change. - The New York Times

    1. "Weltweit steigt mit dem Klimawandel das Risiko von extremen Regenfällen und Überschwemmungen", fasst Will Steffen von der australischen Nationaluniversität zusammen. Der Professor ist einer der führenden Klimatologen Australiens. "Die globale Durchschnittstemperatur ist bereits um etwa 1,1 Grad Celsius gestiegen. Für jeden Temperaturanstieg von einem Grad kann die Atmosphäre etwa sieben Prozent mehr Wasser aufnehmen", so Steffen

      Qualité de l’air : le gouvernement sous pression Publié le 10/03/2021 • Par Léna Jabre • dans : Actu juridique, Billets juridiques, France

      AdobeStock_143649904 AdobeStock Le 22 février, le Conseil d’Etat a détaillé au gouvernement les suites qu’il compte donner à ses décisions de juillet et novembre 2020 concernant la politique de réduction de la pollution de l’air

  6. Mar 2021
    1. TYPOLOGIE DES PROJETS ASSOCIATIFSOU INTER-ASSOCIATIFSELIGIBLESPour l’année 2021, troistypes de projets peuvent être soutenus au titre du FDVA 2 «Fonctionnement et Innovation»
    1. III-A4–Enveloppe affranchie:Q: «Est-il possible de réclamer aux familles une enveloppe affranchie (AR oulettre suivie), pour l'envoi du diplôme de l'élève?»R: «Aucun frais de fonctionnement relatif à l'enseignement gratuit ne peut être facturé aux familles.Il n'est donc pas possible de solliciter des familles une enveloppe affranchie pour l'envoi d'undiplôme sanctionnant une formation dispensée dans un établissement public du 1eret du 2nd degré.»
    1. In this pivotal year for climate action, much will depend on the updated 2030 emissions-reduction target that the US sets for itself. To meet the challenge at hand, the new target will need to be even more ambitious than the 50% reduction in greenhouse-gas emissions (from 2005 levels) that is currently being floated in Washington.
  7. Feb 2021
    1. Samedi 30 janvier 2021, le, rapporteur général de l’Observatoire de la laïcité, et, un administrateur national de la Ligue de l’enseignement en charge de la laïcité, étaient les invités de la, coprésidente de la FCPE. Un webinaire destiné à échanger avec les présidents départementaux de la FCPE autour de la laïcité à l’école.

    1. Course content headings should stand out in terms of font and position relative to other wording and outline. Use of bullets, italics and balancing does not enhance readability. Also, consistency of the columns and layout for the table are off, causing inconsistency and confusion due to improper alignments and proportion lacking overall for the contents table and outline. Topic headers are of the same color, value, shape and form for calling out new and important categories, where they should have different shape and form as well as alignment. Additional emphasis could be added to grading section to call out evaluative criteria for this are. Movement from section to section should be consistent with formatting and shapes as well as alignments that guide reader and students strategically. Hyperlinks could be properly formatted to allow for seamless movement through syllabus allowing for better connectivity and fluidity. More strategic use of images that guide learner in direction of necessary materials and reading texts associated with the class, which also allow for a variety and contrast between themes and required materials.

    1. Instead of reading for content or to better understand the ideas in the writing (which you will automatically do to some degree anyway), you are trying to understand how the piece of writing was put together by the author and what you can learn about writing by reading a particular text.

      The ability to understand Historical events requires a different skill set than the ability to put those understandings into words. historical study is saddled with the expectation of years of compiling data and research. To even pursue higher education it is required to do so. Learning how other Historians and individuals put their thoughts and research into an essay or collection is one of the most important weapons in a Historians arsenal.

    2. As a college student, you must be ready to explore and examine a wide range of ideas, whether you agree with them or not.

      This is my biggest take away from this article. Before understanding strategy, theory, or study one has to be able to take in and understand multiple objective points of truth. Our one understanding of an event or idea is just one of billions. To fully embrace other ideas even if they go against our very moral fiber is the most important tool any person can learn. It is not something that can be taught in school or through reading but in practicum and years of conscious effort and even that may not be enough.

    3. Review

      Some of my classmates have already highlighted this particular strategy but I feel it bears repeating. Reviewing not only helps to ensure you have a fresh understanding but also to make certain that an individual is confident in their study. If we also span a few years, revisiting old work and research can help put into perspective how our views have changed and the growth we've certainly achieved. Putting points together from two different times is a fantastic way to chart and understand growth from a personal and Historical perpective.

    4. . This means that the goal of the paper is to research a topic and develop an argument about it using evidence and facts to support your position.

      Argumentative style research and discussion helps to create an environment of discussion. By researching a topic through your own means and building an objective opinion it expands the avenues for how History can be interpreted. but more than that it allows researchers the means to justify and have discourse on their varying perspectives.

    5. Web sites and blogs can be a source of insight and information, but not all are useful as academic resources.

      The most important thing I believe for Historical study learning how to identify reputable sources for reference. Looking towards an authors experience on the subject, the domain of the website, and even if the material has been referenced elsewhere can help determining the validity of the material.

    1. How does the armed conflict in Guatemala compare with other wars?

      Here the author is showing exactly the questions he hopes to find answers to. These listed questions enable us to understand his motive and purpose for the layout of this article. Similarly I am looking for what his main purpose is in conveying the information and how best to look at it. Why did he write this? What does the information relate to? how can I interpret and utilize this research myself? these are my biggest questions and goals in tandem with understanding his own.

    2. (pp. , )

      The article utilizes annotations like these to directly link to articles and passages that the author used throughout. However more importantly the author uses dates throughout the writing to build not only physical reference points for curious users but to also enable the audience the ability to have a starting point for their own desired study.

    3. the geographical review

      The article is laid out in segments, distinguished by headers. This breaks up the information into easy to comprehend bursts that shift the focus onto new topics.

    4. As sick-ening as they are incriminating, the teeming contents of the ahpn are unlikely,given the impunity that prevails in Guatemala, to bring little more than tokenjustice to the perpetrators of among the most heinous abuses of human rights in allof Latin America.

      There seems to be more emphasis on building a foundation for explaining the history predating this event than the construction of an explicit argument. The piece acts more like a conduit with reference and definitions to help readers understand the context of preexisting organizations and events. This in turns enables us to understand the event more. By forgoing an overall argument we are instead able to better understand the grotesque nature of the themes of the event and form a base realization of its ramifications. Not all historical articles need to be argumentative, teaching is just if not more effective.

    1. Identify key distinctions. Scholars often make important conceptual distinctions in their work.

      This entire point right here from my personal opinion may be the most important in understanding History. The distinctions of ideas and experiences is what makes Historical Study so rewarding and complicated. Different viewpoints on the same event can create a whole picture and build a narrative inclusive to as many sides as possible. The variation is what creates depth of study and builds a base for further research.

    2. you must become what one author calls a “predatory” reader. That is, you must learn to quickly determine the important parts of the scholarly material you read

      This piece may be the single most critical point take away from the article. It states the overall message trying to be conveyed as well as sets up groundwork for further exploration. In study of any topic there is an abundance of information, deciphering and cross referencing that material is the objective purpose of historians. In order to understand and compile that information one has to be able to study quickly and efficiently past and new works. The steps that follow this statement are building upon its base claim.

    3. They also tell you what the paragraph that follows will be about.

      THE most valuable piece information,because if there is no other pieces of good evidence you can look back at the topic sentence.

    4. Identify “signposts.” 

      Having the knowledge of the basic foundation of literature and composition. Knowing the vocabulary and applying it to the subjects.

    5. Think pragmatically. 

      making sure to have a realistic mindset

    6. you must become what one author calls a “predatory” reader. That is, you must learn to quickly determine the important parts of the scholarly material you read

      You have to learn how to become a more assertive, dedicated reader that knows how to handle/ comprehend the material. While also learning to prioritize what is most important

    7. Finally

      "Predatory" reading makes me think of building a house. You have to get the foundation (argument?), build the frame (topic sentences and "signposts"), and add the walls, roof, ect. (the rest of the written work). After you've built your house, you should inspect it (reread) to prepare for sale.

    8. Signposts

      A good signpost should let us know where we are going and help us find our place when rereading.

    9. argument

      "Argument"-this is our main target.

    10. What does it “do” for the author’s argument?

      Ask your "why?" (Why does this matter? Why was this included?) and your "What?" (What is the writer's goal? What is the main take away here?)

    11. you must learn to quickly determine the important parts of the scholarly material you read

      Reading for pleasure gives us the time to take the material in as thoroughly as we'd like. "Predatory" reading of scholarly works requires us to select our target and take firm hold of it.

    12. Reading scholarly material requires a new set of skills.

      The best way for comprehending scholarly works is to understand the meaning of the work that you're reading and to look at all different angles.

    13. Think pragmatically.

      Reading for pleasure is a lot simpler than reading nonfiction books because when reading for pleasure, it would typically be a fiction story and those are always one path of reading. But when reading nonfiction or scholarly books, it's only taken form that persons point of view, even though there are probably a bunch other angles you could look at it through.

  8. Jan 2021
    1. I made a screencast to show how I was using del.icio.us’ tag renaming feature to reorganize my own classification system,

      I love del.icio.us bookmarks, that I used to catalog my web surfings, classify and share them. Upon its demise I went for Keep with good Web & Android client but without easy public sharing. Could hypothes.is be used as I did use del.icio.us? Edit2021: Looking at h. again after two years plus.

    1. Assessing TA buy-in to expectations and alignment of actual teaching practices in a transformed general chemistry laboratory course

      implementing project based labs

    1. Line up, line up: using technology to align and enhance peer learning and assessment in a student centred foundation organic chemistry module

      technology for class rooms, clickers, peerwise for scaffolded self-directed learning

    1. Kerry, the former US secretary of state, acknowledged that America had been absent from the international effort to contain dangerous global heating during Donald Trump’s presidency but added that “today no country and no continent is getting the job done”.
    1. チャットbotやレコメンデーション、質問への回答、検索、パーソナルアシスタント、顧客サポート自動化、コンテンツ生成など、人と機械、人と人の自然言語によるやりとりを含む幅広いシナリオを支えるためだ


    1. Even before Mr. Biden was inaugurated on Wednesday, some Republicans lashed out against his new policy direction.

      Bericht über die ersten Executive Orders Bidens zum Klimanotstand und über die Widerstände dagegen.

    1. Learners’ practices, for example, should develop from low-level procedures such as sharing initial ideas to mid-level comparing and evaluatingsequences and eventually toward high-level challenging/debating and synthesizingroutines.

      The surface to in-depth learning. Related to Expansive framing written by Andrews et al.

    2. identify invariant (i.e., constant) characteristics of subsequent transfer domains

      The "bone" of the body. In the design of social annotation activities, what are the bones?

    1. The widespread idea that decades, or even centuries, of additional warming are already baked into the system, as suggested by previous IPCC reports, were based on an “unfortunate misunderstanding of experiments done with climate models that never assumed zero emissions.” 
    1. The recent wave of net zero targets has put the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C within striking distance. The Climate Action Tracker (CAT) has calculated that global warming by 2100 could be as low as 2.1°C as a result of all the net zero pledges announced as of November 2020
  9. Dec 2020