43 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2020
  2. Sep 2020
    1. As cholera roared through London in 1854 and took the lives of approximately 10,000 of its residents, British physician John Snow mapped instances of the disease in one neighborhood and found a connection not to contaminated air, but to a public well contaminated by leaking sewage. That same year, Italian anatomist Filippo Pacini, isolated the bacterium that caused cholera, but it would be decades before the discovery was widely accepted. In the interim, raw sewage continued to overflow into the River Thames, and in the summer of 1858 it caused the “Great Stink,” an odor so repugnant it forced the closure of the Houses of Parliament and the construction of a modern sewer system that transported the city’s waste far enough away from London that the river’s tides took it out to sea. In addition, the muddy shorelines of the Thames were narrowed and replaced with embankments with riverside roads and gardens.Across the English Channel, Emperor Napoleon III came to power in France in 1848 amid a cholera outbreak that took the lives of approximately 19,000 Parisians. An admirer of the parks and garden squares of London, the nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte sought to remake Paris in the wake of the pandemic. “Let us open new streets, make the working class quarters, which lack air and light, more healthy, and let the beneficial sunlight reach everywhere within our walls,” he declared. Under the direction of Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann, French authorities tore down 12,000 buildings, built tree-lined boulevards and parks, erected fountains and installed an elaborate sewage system that transformed Paris into the modern-day “City of Light.” “Haussmann’s plans were in part designed to bring fresh air and light into the dense urban grid, and were cited as such when inspiring the plans of Chicago and Washington, D.C.,” Carr says, “but it should also be noted that Haussmann’s long boulevards were also a convenient way to eliminate blighted housing, facilitate surveillance and deploy military quickly to all corners of the city.”

      Stories of London and Paris could likely become a foundational part of course...

  3. Jul 2020
  4. Jun 2020
  5. May 2020
  6. Nov 2019
    1. Uber will not be granted a new licence to operate in London after repeated safety failures, Transport for London (TfL) has said.

      The regulator said the taxi app was not "fit and proper" as a licence holder, despite having made a number of positive changes to its operations.

  7. Sep 2018
  8. Aug 2018
  9. Apr 2018
    1. “I cannot see that London has any great advantage over the country, for my part, except the shops and public places

      London had a variety of shops: the newest fashions, bookstores, china showrooms, and shops with a wide selection of ribbon, lace, calico, or silk. Like Mrs. Bennett, Jane Austen thought the town was a nice place to visit but not an ideal place to live. (Doody, Jane Austen’s Names)

  10. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. pg. 80, “I cannot see that London has any great advantage over the country for my part, except for the shops and public places.”

      London had a variety of shops: the newest fashions, bookstores, china showrooms, and shops with a wide selection of ribbon, lace, calico, or silk. Like Mrs. Bennett says in this quote on pg. 80, Jane Austen thought the town was a nice place to visit but not an ideal place to live. (Olsen, All Things Austen: Volume II, 620- 621)

  11. Mar 2018
    1. and like most alternative medicines there is zero evidence that it works

      In all fairness there is zero credible, good quality evidence that it works. There's heaps of "evidence" that it works, it's just that is it crap research.

  12. Jan 2018
  13. Jul 2017
  14. Jun 2017
  15. Oct 2016
    1. London Bridge is falling down falling down falling down

      I find this reference to the London bridge interesting here. The last time it was mentioned in the poem was the end of the first book. This seems to bring the poem full circle by having the first and last book end with a similar mention while also referencing death