185 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2020
  2. Jun 2020
    1. Interestingly, I’ve found that Kindle is useful in this respect. I buy Kindle versions of books that I need for work, and highlight passages and bookmark pages as I go. And when I’ve finished the software obligingly has a collection of all the passages I’ve highlighted.

      John, you should spend a minute or two to learn about Hypothes.is (https://web.hypothes.is/) as an online tool for doing this. It's a free account or you can self-host the software yourself if you like. There are also functionalities to have public, private, or group annotations. I often pull my own annotations to my personal website similar to your own Memex and publish them there (example: https://boffosocko.com/kind/annotation/)

      Syndicated copy: https://boffosocko.com/2020/05/21/55771248/)

    1. I gave this keynote this morning at the ICLS Conference, not in Nashville as originally planned

      Outline seems to allow one to get around the issues of annotating Audrey Watters' content. Oh dear.

    1. Perhaps we want to write but we feel comfortable with our phones and so we want to write on our phones. It’s like the best camera being the one you have on you. The best writing implement is the one you have on you. These days, it might be your phone.

      I often find the quickest and easiest writing implement I've got is the Hypothes.is browser extension.

      Click a button and start writing. In the background, I've got a tool that's pulling all the content I've written and posting it quickly to my own website as a micropub post.

    1. This is the first post in the wild that I've come across which is using Quotebacks.

      I also notice that there's something odd going on with it that prevents me from annotating/highlighting the quote using Hypothes.is.

    1. and started testing the functionality on HTML pages last year

      According to Kevin Marks, this is the GitHub Repo they've been using for creating this work: https://github.com/WICG/scroll-to-text-fragment#:~:text=the%20worst&text=a%20Google&text=serious%20breakage&text=behavior

    2. Clicking the snippet still takes you to the webpage that it pulled the information from, but now the text from the snippet will be highlighted in yellow, and the browser will automatically scroll down to the section in question.

      This is a feature that's been implemented in most browsers for a while as fragmentions.

      Hypothes.is has supported this sort of functionality for a few years now as well.

      I'm curious how these different implementations differ?

    1. Collaborative annotation is an effective methodology that increases student participation, expands reading comprehension, and builds critical-thinking skills and community in class. Annotating together makes reading visible, active, and social, enabling students to engage with their texts, teachers, ideas, and each other in deeper, more meaningful ways.

      Love this description!

  3. May 2020
    1. Neither ought anything to be collected whilst you are busied in reading; if by taking the pen in hand the thread of your reading be broken off, for that will make the reading both tedious and unpleasant.

      This is incredibly important for me, though in a more technology friendly age, I've got tools like Hypothes.is for quickly highlighting and annotating pages and can then later collect them into my commonplace book as notes to work with and manage after-the-fact.

    1. Recipes for AnnotationWe are also establishing a hub for teaching materials related to collaborative, digital annotation where we will share resources to help instructors get started with practices other teachers are already using. We would be grateful if veterans of Hypothesis, social reading, and online learning would share their lesson plans and activities with us so we can share with others and credit your work. Annotate this post with your ideas or email your contributions to education@hypothes.is. Your Content Goes Here

      Interesting... earlier today I was actually thinking about how it might be easier to help both students and teachers in their onboarding process. I had thought that a set up like Terry Green's Open Patchbooks might be an interesting way to do this: see http://openlearnerpatchbook.org/ and https://facultypatchbook.pressbooks.com/

    2. It’s not the same thing as being face to face in a room together, but it’s a much closer match than a discussion forum or conventional social media where there’s just too much distance between the conversation and the text itself and, quite often, between the comments and commenters themselves.

      This suggests an interesting tagline for Hypothesis: "Shortening the distance between the text and its readers."

  4. Apr 2020
    1. Adobe AcrobatPro.

      gImageReader is an excellent open source alternative. It runs both on Windows and Linux, and it provides a simple (yet powerful) frontend GUI to Google's robust open source OCR engine, Tesseract.

      I think an open source tool as this is a better fit to the open annotation ecosystem, based on libre software and standards, that Hypothesis promotes, instead of a proprietary (and expensive) tool such as Adobe AcrobatPro.

    1. scoped to a particular domain.

      Climate Feedback group (see here and here) seems to be one of these Restricted Publisher Groups. However, it doesn't seem to be "scoped to a particular domain" (see for example here, here, or here).

      Is this a third configuration of Publisher Groups? Or a different kind of groups altogether? Or have these domains been enabled one by one to the Publisher Group scope? Is this behaviour explained somewhere?

    1. people encountering public Hypothesis annotations anywhere don’t have to worry about their privacy.

      In the Privacy Policy document there is an annotation that says:

      I decided against using hypothes.is as the commenting system for my blog, since I don't want my readers to be traceable by a third party I choose on their behalf

      Alhtough this annotation is a bit old -from 2016- I understand that Hypothes.is server would in fact get information from these readers through HTTP requests, correct? Such as IP address, browser's agent, etc. I wonder whether this is the traceability the annotator was referring to.

      Anyway, I think this wouldn't be much different to how an embedded image hosted elsewhere would be displayed on one such site. And Hypothes.is' Privacy Policy states that

      This information is collected in a log file and retained for a limited time

    1. at any time,

      It would be nice that it said here that Hypothes.is will notify its users if the Privacy Policy is changed.

    1. Hypothesis already deals with minor changes to a document thanks to our fuzzy anchoring algorithm, which can cleverly locate the original annotated selection even if it or its surrounding context has changed slightly or been moved around.

      Summary: Small changes in the document should be okay.

    1. students responded to messages more actively and engaged in more in-depth discussions when discussions were moderated by a peer.

      This could be a good argument to push Hypothes.is to introduce some sort of moderation, in combination with the finding that annotation threads would be rare, and not very deep (Wolfe & Neuwirth, 2001)

    1. retains credit for their intellectual property.

      As far as I know, the CC0 Public Domain Dedication under which public annotations in Hypothesis are released, does not enforce attribution. Although Hypothesis supports Creative Commons' Public Domain Guidelines, which suggest that credit should be given when the author is known, these guidelines are voluntary and non binding. Do you know why Hypothesis has decided to have annotations released under CC0 Public Domain Declaration, instead of CC-BY license?

    1. both the body of the annotations and their anchors need to be revised before the annotations are suitable for use in a public discussion.

      Is a good practice for hypothesis to make personal annotations first, when reading, without carefully thinking of them too much, and then, once reading is over, go back to the annotations and see which are relevant to make public and polish them a bit?

    1. Isthere any way of using these annotations (cryptic jottings,emphasis symbols, underlining and highlighting) in theDocuverse?

      For example, I think one could sum the highlight in each specific section. If many people highlighted a passage, then the highlight color is higher. That way one would be able to discover passages that many people found important/interesting. Although, it may also bias others to do the same. As usual.

    1. a user can download his or her own data

      In a platform where one of the main values is collaboration, how important is it that these platforms guarantee that the user will be able to backup his/her data in case he/she wants (or is forced to) move out? Shouldn't this platforms also guarantee that one would be able to download ALL public data (or data the specific user has access to) to make sure he/she will be able to recreate the whole thing if he/she wants (or is forced) to?

  5. Mar 2020
  6. Feb 2020
    1. Comments are enabled via Hypothes.is

      This may be the first time I've seen someone explicitly use Hypothes.is as the comment system on their personal website.

      I wonder if Matthew actively monitors commentary on his site, and, if so, how he's accomplishing it?

      The method I've used in the past as a quick and dirty method is Jon Udell's facet tool https://jonudell.info/h/facet/?wildcard_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fmatthewlincoln.net%2F*&max=100, though it only indicates just a few comments so far.

      Use cases like this are another good reason why Hypothes.is ought to support the Webmention spec.

    1. Screenshots are disposable, but highlights are forever.

      Highlighting this sentence on the Highly blog (on Medium) ironically using Hypothes.is. I'm syndicating a copy over to my own website because I know that most social services are not long for this world. The only highlights that live forever are the ones you keep on your own website or another location that you own and control.

      RIP Highly. Viva IndieWeb!

  7. Jan 2020
    1. Create an IFTTT.com recipe to port your Hypothesis RSS feed into WordPress posts. Generally chose an “If RSS, then WordPress” setup and use the following data to build the recipe: Input feed: https://hypothes.is/stream.atom?user=username (change username to your user name) Optional title: {{EntryTitle}} Body: {{EntryContent}} from {{EntryUrl}} <br />{{EntryPublished}} Categories: Highlight (use whatever categories you prefer, but be aware they’ll apply to all your future posts from this feed) Tags: hypothes.is Post status (optional): I set mine to “Draft” so I have the option to keep it privately or to publish it publicly at a later date.

      Posting this solely to compare my Hypothes.is highlights and annotations on my website with Will's version.

      I'm still tinkering with mine and should have a Micropub based version using IFTTT and Webhooks done soon.

  8. Dec 2019
    1. you are allowed to comment on a specific point, giving you the chance to be more critical on a specific point instead of being critical on the overall of the reading.
    1. Naptha, its current name, is drawn from an even more tenuous association. See, it comes from the fact that "highlighter" kind of sounds like "lighter", and that naptha is a type of fuel often used for lighters. It was in fact one of the earliest codenames of the project, and brought rise to a rather fun little easter egg which you can play with by quickly clicking about a dozen times over some block of text inside a picture.

      Now if only I could do this with my Hypothes.is annotations! Talk about highlighting!

    2. What the hand dare seize the fire?

      I find it so heartening that one can use Project Naptha to highlight, copy and paste, and even edit and translate text formerly trapped within an image.

      I'm further impressed that it also works with Hypothes.is!

  9. Nov 2019

      FYI: There's a second copy of this article on the Hypothes.is blog, but because it has a different "fingerprint" this copy and the copy on the Hypothes.is site have two different sets of annotations.

    1. This blog was written and published by Shannon Griffiths

      I notice that this page and the original have two different rel="canonical" links which means that they have completely different sets of annotations on them. I'm curious if she was given the chance to have them be the same or different as making them the same means that the annotations for each would have been mirrored across rather than having two different sets?

    1. I have been looking for something like this for years.

      This is a test of the experimental version of Hypothesis that does not open and cover the window by default. I want to add this functionality to my blog because I am looking for more feedback on this blog and I am hoping that there are more people out there interested in annotating the web.

  10. Sep 2019
    1. In April of 2019, at a digital learning conference, Manuel Espinoza spoke with educators, technologists, and annotation enthusiasts about R2L.d-undefined, .lh-undefined { background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2) !important; }.d-undefined, .lh-undefined { background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5) !important; }1Nate Angell and “the role that Hypothesis plays in human rights work.”

      Manuel Espinoza, “Keynote,” AnnotatED Summit, April 2, 2018, https://youtu.be/5LNmSjDHipM.

    2. he group has become self-described “dignity scholars” who have studied the notions and criteria of dignity in landmark legal cases. In doing so, R2L has used Hypothesis as their “human rights tool” to examine legal evidence and build an argument for legislative change.

      Hypothes.is as a human rights tool! awesome!

  11. Aug 2019
    1. Now you have the extension up and running.

      If you see this annotation, you have annotations up and running :)

    1. Art by O’Hare and Bell highlight - both visually and conceptually - the dialogic quality of annotation expressing power.

      While I'm reading this, I can't help but wishing that Hypothes.is would add a redaction functionality to their product. They could potentially effect it by using the highlighter functionality, but changing the CSS to have the color shown be the same as that of the (body) text instead of being yellow.

  12. Jun 2019
    1. They both obviously point to the same specific page, and their beginnings are identical. The second one has a # followed by the words “I’m not looking” with some code for blank spaces and an apostrophe. Clicking on the fragmention URL will take you to the root page which then triggers a snippet of JavaScript on my site that causes the closest container with the text following the hash to be highlighted in a bright yellow color. The browser also automatically scrolls down to the location of the highlight.
    1. toolbar buttons color is white on white background in slashdot

  13. May 2019
    1. So - I’m not quite ready to ditch disqus and move completely to Hypothesis annotations

      I do quite like the idea of using Hypothes.is as a service for implementing one's website comments in a broader way. It's sort of reminiscent of how some static site generators are leveraging webmention.io as a third party comment/webmention provider. Of course this presuposes that one is comfortable offloading this to a third party that could disappear and take the data with them, though your spreadsheet set up would help to protect against that.

    2. The sidebar is styled white

      I do like how you've changed the styling a little bit. Being able to have the style fit the particular website is an interesting idea.

    1. Adobe Acrobat

      I think we could explain how to do this using open source alternatives, such as gImageReader with Tesseract.

    1. read socially

      I really like this project. I hope you're able to get a broad user-base.

    1. About this time I met with an odd volume of the Spectator.[18] It was the third. I had never before seen any of them. I bought it, read it over and over, and was much delighted with it. I thought the writing excellent, and wished, if possible, to imitate it. With this view I took some of the papers, and, making short hints of the sentiment in each sentence, laid them by a few days, and then, without looking at the book, try'd to compleat the papers again, by expressing each hinted sentiment at length, and as fully as it had been expressed before, in any suitable words that should come to hand. Then I compared my Spectator with the original, discovered some of my faults, and corrected them. But I found I wanted a stock of words, or a readiness in recollecting and using them, which I thought I should have acquired before that time if I had gone on making verses; since the continual occasion for words of the same import, but of different length, to suit the measure, or of different sound for the rhyme, would have laid me under a constant necessity of searching for variety, and also have tended to fix that variety in my mind, and make me master of it. Therefore I took some of the tales and turned them into verse; and, after a time, when I had pretty well forgotten the prose, turned them back again. I also sometimes jumbled my collections of hints into confusion, and after some weeks endeavored to reduce them into the best order, before I began to form the full sentences and compleat the paper. This was to teach me method in the arrangement of thoughts. By comparing my work afterwards with the original, I discovered many faults and amended them; but I sometimes had the pleasure of fancying that, in certain particulars of small import, I had been lucky enough to improve the method of the language, and this encouraged me to think I might possibly in time come to be a tolerable English writer, of which I was extremely ambitious. My time for these exercises and for reading was at night, after work or before it began in the morning, or on Sundays, when I contrived to be in the printing-house alone, evading as much as I could the common attendance on public worship which my father used to exact of me when I was under his care, and which indeed I still thought a duty, thought I could not, as it seemed to me, afford time to practise it.

      Even the greats copied or loosely plagiarized the "masters" to learn how to write.The key is to continually work at it until you get to the point where it's yours and it is no longer plagiarism.

      This was also the general premise behind the plotline of the movie Finding Forrester.

    1. Highlights can be created by clicking the button. Try it on this sentence.

      Testing out annotations for the first time- very cool!

  14. Apr 2019
    1. "Come for the tool, stay for the network" wrote Chris Dixon, in perhaps the most memorable maxim for how this works.

      I sort of feel like this is the missing piece of Hypothes.is. I came for and love the tool, but wish there were more of a network available.

    1. Text-Based SourcesSummary of the Final Report of QTD Working Group II.1Nikhar Gaikwad, Veronica Herreraand Robert Mickey*

      ShareKnowledge #QualitativeUAEM

      Al analizar el contenido del texto "Text-Based Sources" (American Political Science Association Organized Section for Qualitative and Multi-Method Research, Qualitative Transparency Deliberations, Working Group Final Reports, Report II.1); hemos determinado algunas reflexiones que deseamos compartir.

    2. The report describes several types of transparency-enhancing practices relevant to text-based sources. Some of these practices improve transparency regarding the process of generating evidence.Clearly identifying asource's locationhelps other researcherslocate and evaluate evidence, expanding the scope and reach of one's research

      Cabe destacar que las recientes discusiones que han surgido sobre la transparencia de la investigación cualitativa en la Ciencia Política han sido un tema de debate serio, de tal manera que ha sido necesario implementar un código de ética con el objetivo de aumentar y reforzar la transparencia en las fuentes basas en texto.

    3. rk.Drawing on QTD deliberations, existing scholarly work, and our own reflections, we discuss a range of transparency-enhancing practices and technologies, the costs and risks attendant with each, and their potential benefit

      Sabemos que gran parte de la investigación considerada "cualitativa" se basa, en el análisis de documentos (fuentes basadas en texto) y que todo este proceso implica un costo, pero es necesario y garantiza una mejor calidad de la información.

      Por esta razón, sostenemos que la transparencia en la información que empleamos de las fuentes basadas en texto ayuda a otorgar mayor claridad en el proceso de investigación y permite adquirir nuevos conocimientos.

    4. Recent discussions about transparency in political science have become fraught with concernsover replicability or even scholarly misconduct. The report of the QTD Working Group on Text-Based Sources emphasizesinstead that the ultimate goal of augmenting transparency is to increase our ability to evaluate evidentiary claims, build on prior research, and produce better knowledge.

      Consideramos que de suma importancia implementar la transparencia en la metodología de selección de las fuentes basadas en texto que utilizamos para compartir información pública.

      Para ello, es necesario hacer un proceso analítico de deliberación de las fuentes basadas en texto; esto consiste en evaluar si los datos que se compartirán abiertamente son "verídicos".

    1. But thirdly, and most valuably, the template gives you a big space at the bottom to write sentences that summarise the page.  That is, you start writing your critical response on the notes themselves.

      I do much this same thing, however, I'm typically doing it using Hypothes.is to annotate and highlight. These pieces go back to my own website where I can keep, categorize, and even later search them. If I like, I'll often do these sorts of summaries on related posts themselves (usually before I post them publicly if that's something I'm planning on doing for a particular piece.)

    1. I find it somewhat interesting to note that with 246 public annotations on this page using Hypothes.is, that from what I can tell as of 4/2/2019 only one of them is a simple highlight. All the rest are highlights with an annotation or response of some sort.

      It makes me curious to know what the percentage distribution these two types have on the platform. Is it the case that in classroom settings, which many of these annotations appear to have been made, that much of the use of the platform dictates more annotations (versus simple highlights) due to the performative nature of the process?

      Is it possible that there are a significant number of highlights which are simply hidden because the platform automatically defaults these to private? Is the friction of making highlights so high that people don't bother?

      I know that Amazon will indicate heavily highlighted passages in e-books as a feature to draw attention to the interest relating to those passages. Perhaps it would be useful/nice if Hypothes.is would do something similar, but make the author of the highlights anonymous? (From a privacy perspective, this may not work well on articles with a small number of annotators as the presumption could be that the "private" highlights would most likely be directly attributed to those who also made public annotations.

      Perhaps the better solution is to default highlights to public and provide friction-free UI to make them private?

      A heavily highlighted section by a broad community can be a valuable thing, but surfacing it can be a difficult thing to do.

  15. Mar 2019
    1. It would be nice if comments and annotations could be voted by people, and have the possibility to sort them chronologically etc.

  16. Feb 2019
    1. There’s also a robust ecosystem of tools to follow users, monitor site annotations etc.

      Wait? What!? I've been wanting to be able to follow users annotations and I'd love the ability to monitor site annotations!! (I've even suggested that they added Webmention before to do direct notifications for site annotations.)

      Where have you seen these things hiding Tom?

    2. Especially on mobile.

      I've found in the past that highlighting on Chrome for Android was nearly impossible. I've switched to using Firefox when I need to use hypothes.is on mobile.

  17. Nov 2018
    1. The opening section also lays out come key concepts for the book, including social movement capacities (“social movements’ abilities”) and signals (“their repertoire of protest, like marches, rallies, and occupations as signals of those capacities”) (xi), as well as the problem of tactical freeze (“the inability of these movements to adjust tactics, negotiate demands, and push for

      I believe this is an excellent way to share thoughts in a book club.

    1. Enter a url for a web page (including a PDF or Google Doc) at this site to see all annotations, notes, highlights for that hyperlink.

    1. I've started using this with a browser bookmarklet and these are some of the features I like about it:


      Annotations can be marked public or private

      Tags capability

      Can annotate PDF files, also Google Docs

      Free to use, no paid plans

      Highlighted text on web-page, plus can write rich-text notes for each annotation

      Can also create just a highlight with no-notetaking

      Search is available at https://hypothes.is/search Also see: https://web.hypothes.is/blog/new-search-capability/

      Atom and rss feeds https://web.hypothes.is/help/atom-rss-feeds-for-annotations/

      API is available; annotations and notes can be exported

      Export format options: html, csv, json

      Group collaboration (I don't use this, but it's a feature)

      Share a link to your highlights, notes, and annotations

      Add links, images, videos to annotations https://web.hypothes.is/help/adding-links-images-and-videos-to-your-annotations/

      Use https://crowdlaaers.org/ to see all annotations/notes/highlights created for a web page, PDF, or Google Doc

      Prefix an url with https://via.hypothes.is/ to create or edit an annotation without using the bookmarklet

  18. Sep 2018
    1. City officials can actually help if they go out into the streets and ask real people what actually is going on. Something on blogs and on polls arent true, they dont always speak the truth. If they were to go out to communities and build relationships with people, they would have a clearer understanding of what is going on.

    2. I dont believe some of this, blacks never had a voice during . That time if they were to speak up during that time they would often get punished. Blacks had no say in there freedom, slavery wasn't abolished to help slaves, Abraham Lincoln didn't do it out of the kindness out of his heart.

    1. Ceci est une note de page. Elle peut inclure un lien vers une autre page, que celle-ci soit connectée ou non via Hypothes.is. Voyez dans l'URL le préfixe qui assure que l'on peut annoter celle-ci. Mais avec ce blogue on n'en a pas besoin car son auteur a déjà inclus un code permettant de l'annoter par défaut (à condition de s'être créée un compte hypothes.is).

  19. Aug 2018
    1. Open to Exploration

      Internet Archaeology is trialling a new feature by Hypothes.is which enables everyone to make annotations on journal content. To get started, just select any text in any article and add your annotation for everyone to see (Annotations are public by default but highlights are private, visible only to you when you’re logged in to your Hypothes.is account). You can even share your annotations on social media,

      Try this for more info https://web.hypothes.is/blog/varieties-of-hypothesis-annotations-and-their-uses/

      I'm interested to see how everyone uses it!

    1. Internet Archaeology is trialling a new feature by Hypothes.is which enables everyone to make annotations on journal content. To get started, just select any text in any article and add your annotation for everyone to see (Annotations are public by default but highlights are private, visible only to you when you’re logged in to your Hypothes.is account). You can even share your annotations on social media,

      Try this for more info https://web.hypothes.is/blog/varieties-of-hypothesis-annotations-and-their-uses/

      I'm interested to see how everyone uses it!

    1. Some tools for researchers to enhance their OPR practices: hypothes.is allows you to annotate and review almost anything you find on the web, word by word, alone, or as a group. Publons  helps you to make your current and previous peer review pieces publicly available. The Winnower helps you to find reviewers for whatever published piece of information you have

      Hypothes.is could serve as group knowledge sharing tool

  20. Jun 2018
    1. grazie ad Andrea Borruso ( @aborruso )

      a questo link è illustrata la procedura per realizzare l'embedding di hypothes.is all'interno di un documento Read the Docs. Una comoda utilità per consentire la partecipazione online alla redazione di un documento, postando il commento direttamente nella parola o rigo di interesse del commentatore.

    1. Here are some issues I have as this annotatory process grows.

      1. If the annotation continues over a period of weeks, then how can we attend to it?
      2. If an annotation flashmob's mentality is "one and done", then should we not say that from the beginning?
      3. How can we keep the spirit of care and vulnerability as issues become more fractious and as weaker ties begin to crowd into the annotation space?
    1. Hack Day: Fri 8 June

      While sitting here at Fort Mason at the iannotate Hack Day 2018, I am reminding myself how to use the hypothes.is api.

  21. May 2018
    1. Ironically, DWYL reinforces exploitation even within the so-called lovable professions where off-the-clock, underpaid, or unpaid labor is the new norm:

      Doing what you love, isolates and degrades other workforces and elevates others and more so, the ones of higher economic class. One should be paid fair dues as per their work and have good working conditions. She wants people to realize that they deserve goods jobs and they should never settle for less in the name of doing what they love.

    2. limits

      The article argues different theories regarding doing what is right, with the bigger question being is it wrong for people to strive to be able to do what they love. But, at the same time, what is the limit of people seeking what they love without overstepping the boundaries?

  22. Mar 2018
    1. Anchoring annotations to specific portions of text, rather than in disconnected scrolls at the end of articles.

      So important. Pushing comments to the bottom not only disconnects them, it makes them look ancillary. They can be crucial.

      This structure reproduces the old hierarchies, with commentators as bystanders whom you can avoid.

    1. Ce que les Vikings ont compris et nous pas

      Tour de passe-passe : les sites qui se laissent pas annoter, on les met dans archive.org.

      Ce qui fait une url avec trois url dedans!

    1. collaboration

      The annotation feature in the Center of Excellence is provided by Hypothes.is which is an open source annotation tool. Within the Community we use it for group collaboration, private coaching, and personal research. By adding the Chrome browser plug-in, users can expand annotations to include other web pages across the internet. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QCkm0lL-6lc

      Start Using Today https://hypothesis.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/articles/230742327-Quick-start-guide

  23. Feb 2018
    1. a.ioiuing or- corntrinatiorr unrl. conrt"-qlrenth', s()Dlethir)lr oD<'c so.ioined or c<xDbinerlt hirt st:rrxls tirl o| repr est"rrts

      "A joining or combination and, consequently, something once so joined or combined that stands for or represents...the entire complex." This annotation stood out to me for the simple fact of its relation to Epithalamion a poem written by Edmund Spencer. As shown in Spencer's piece, you could dissect the poem of its contents and compare the similarities of symbolism.

  24. Jan 2018
    1. merely stops you from writing in the margins here on this website.

      Does the script Audrey Watters is using really stop people from annotating her site directly?

      Based on my quick test, one can still (carefully) use Hypothes.is to highlight and annotate her site, but the script at least prevents Hypothes.is from showing that annotation. When visiting her site with Hypothes.is' Chrome browser extension on, it does show that there is one annotation on the page. It then requires some hunting to find this comment.

    2. I have added a script to my websites today that will block annotations

      I’ve spent some time thinking about this type of blocking in the past and written about a potential solution. Kevin Marks had created a script to help prevent this type of abuse as well; his solution and some additional variants are freely available. — {cja}

  25. Dec 2017
  26. Sep 2017
  27. Jul 2017
  28. May 2017
    1. Ultimately, if Web Annotation does take off as a feature of the Web, these cases will become all too common. And I don't think that scholarly and academic uses will be immune (though the accountability and reputation risk will reduce abuse). And if such abuse continues, it reduces the value and incentive for Web Annotation to succeed at all.

      good 1 paragraph articulation of the problem of abuse wrt annotations.

    1. Involving owners in page annotation In the past months we launched a small research initiative to gather different points of view about website publishers and authors consent to annotation.  Our goal was to identify different paths forward taking into account the perspectives of publishers, engineers, developers and people working on abuse and harassment issues. We have published a first summary of our discussion on our blog post about involving page owners in annotation.

      nice summary of current state of this problem. Next steps?

  29. Mar 2017
    1. Another way to implement the ten proposals would be to create new, unorthodox institutions. For example, it could be made compulsory for every official body to take on an “advocatus diaboli”. This lateral thinker would be tasked with developing counter-arguments and alternatives to each proposal. This would reduce the tendency to think along the lines of “political correctness” and unconventional approaches to the problem would also be considered.

      Hypothes.is annotators should be active on this article...

  30. Feb 2017
  31. Dec 2016
  32. Nov 2016
    1. The New York Times

      I'm wondering if the NY Times used the summit to figure out how to prevent annotating at all? Somehow I'm not able to reasonably use either Hypothes.is or Genius with it in multiple browsers.

      In particular I just can't highlight anything on the page, and attempts usually end up moving me to a new article. Blech!

    1. This is a picture of the first HTTP web server in the world. It was Tim Berners-Lee's NeXT computer at CERN. Pasted on the machine is an ominous sticker: "This machine is a server, do not power it down!!". The reason it couldn't be powered down is that web sites on other servers were starting to link to it. Once they linked to it, they then depended on that machine continuing to exist. If the machine was powered down, the links stopped working. If the machine failed or was no longer accessible at the same location, a far worse thing happened: the chain between sites becomes permanently broken, and the ability to access that content is lost forever. That sticker perfectly highlights the biggest problem with HTTP: it erodes.

      This is interesting, since the opening video for https://hypothes.is/ mentions the early web also - in this case, for its annotation features that were removed.

      It seems to me that hypothes.is is even more powerful used on IPFS content identified by hash since that underlying content cannot change.

      Thanks to both services I'm doing exactly this right now!

    1. AnnotatingAll Knowledge

      This video is very good for new users to know the Hypothes.is is very welcome by the major publishers and why.

    1. Annotating the scholarly web

      This is my 1st try of Hypothesis. And this article seems to sing high praise for this tool.

  33. Sep 2016
    1. He never stopped regretting that Ezinma was a girl.

      I feel like gender is a big reason why there are cracks in the Igbo culture. Men are still superior in white European culture in the time this took place, but it wasn’t even close to the abuse that the women faced in the Igbo culture. I’m surprised that Ezinma and other young women in the culture didn’t take to Christianity like Nwoye so they could escape future abusive relationships. The picture attached doesn’t really relate to this annotation but it’s a picture of Ezinma that someone drew that I think is really pretty.

    2. Although Nwoye had been attracted to the new faith from the very first day, he kept it secret.

      The cracks in the Igbo culture can be seen in these passages where Nwoye is attracted to Christianity and what the missionaries are doing. In the Igbo culture, there’s either little explanation for why bad things happen, or very arbitrary reasons that don’t bring much closure. Christianity brings explanations, which is why Nwoye is so intrigued. It gives him an explanation and closure for why Ikemefuna died and what happened to him afterwards.

    3. As soon as the six men were locked up, court messengers went into Umuofia to tell the people that their leaders would not be released unless they paid a fine of two hundred and fifty bags of cowries. "Unless you pay the fine immediately," said their headman, "we will take your leaders to Umuru before the big white man, and hang them."

      And suddenly, the parallels to colonization are extremely prevalent. Just as they capture the leaders of the tribe with ransom for retribution, so did the Spanish with the Aztec leader, Montezuma II: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Montezuma-II

      It is when violence arises that the charade is thrown aside and the true nature of both the colonizers and the colonized arises.

    4. The interpreter spoke to the white man and he immediately gave his answer. "All the gods you have named are not gods at all. They are gods of deceit who tell you to kill your fellows and destroy innocent children. There is only one true God and He has the earth, the sky, you and me and all of us."

      While I can't help but see the parallels between the Ibo & Christian religion and that the only real difference preached here is that of "just don't murder people", this passage does wrap up quite well some of the "cracks" in Ibo culture, why the missionaries were so successful.

      The interpreter/missionary responds to why the Christian religion's God is better simply with a variation of "he doesn't tell you to kill your friends or family". Both of these are practiced by the Ibo culture, as seen with the ruthless murder of Ikemefuna, and with the murder of twin children.

      Looking at Nwoye, to whom Ikemefuna was like a brother to, it is immediately obvious why this religion is more appealing, as the cracks are much more evident in his life. For those in the culture for whom the cracks are not as evident, such as the higher up class members, this takes longer.

    5. "But if the Oracle said that my son should be killed I would neither dispute it nor be the one to do it."

      I was curious as to what an African oracle would look like. I’ve read a lot of Greek mythology, and I have a pretty good idea of what that would look like, but every time they mentioned the oracle I had no idea what to imagine, so I looked it up, and the picture I’ve attached is a general idea of what they looked like.

    6. 'She should have been a boy,'

      Here is where the reader can see the difference between Enzima and Nwoye in Okonkwo’s eyes. Enzima has a lot of the characteristics Okonkwo wants in a son, and the only problem with her is that she’s a girl. This ties in with Okonkwo’s values, because he only praises masculinity and strength in men. He recognizes it in Enzima, but doesn’t praise her for it because she’s not a man.

    7. Nwoye overheard it and burst into tears, whereupon his father beat him heavily.

      Okonkwo’s relationship with his father is obviously present when he’s being brought up in the novel, but also in situations like these where he beats his own son for acting weak. He can’t stand anything other than strength, especially from a man, because of the weakness his own father showed. Okonkwo’s actions toward his children and wives is heavily influenced by his resentment of his father.

    8. Okonkwo ruled his household with a heavy hand. His wives, especially the youngest, lived in perpetual fear of his fiery temper, and so did his little children. Perhaps down in his heart Okonkwo was not a cruel man. But his whole life was dominated by fear, the fear of failure and of weakness. It was deeper and more intimate than the fear of evil and capricious gods and of magic, the fear of the forest, and of the forces of nature, malevolent, red in tooth and claw. Okonkwo's fear was greater than these. It was not external but lay deep within himself. It was the fear of himself, lest he should be found to resemble his father. Even as a little boy he had resented his father's failure and weakness, and even now he still remembered how he had suffered when a playmate had told him that his father was agbala. That was how Okonkwo first came to know that agbala was not only another name for a woman, it could also mean a man who had taken no title. And so Okonkwo was ruled by one passion - to hate everything that his father Unoka had loved. One of those things was gentleness and another was idleness.

      Here we perhaps see the origin of Okonkwo's entire perception of masculinity and femininity from his father. The third person narrator brings up that his fear was "...of himself, lest he should be found to resemble his father." He goes overboard in his discipline of his household because he does not want any weakness or mercy to come from him, as this would remind him of his father. This is where his view of masculinity comes into play, in how he expects his sons to behave as he does, so as to not raise anyone like his father.

      As for femininity, we see that agbala is another name for a woman at this time, and if he associated his father in that way, then it only makes sense that he would see femininity as an extension of his father. So I believe that his thoughts on masculinity and femininity all originate from his father, as much of adolescence in males can be influenced by father figures, for the better or worse. This article makes some good points on this influence: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-long-reach-childhood/201106/the-importance-fathers

    1. Well, I really don't see why getting out of Giovanni's room means ' . I getting out of Paris."

      James Baldwin writes Hella in as a stupid woman in my opinion. I would like to think I would know something is up. Or maybe he writes her as smart, but not letting on that she knows. Because they both clearly slept with other people and they told eac hother, but to me it seems kind of obvious. Even if she doesn't know the whole truth I feel like she knows a little and is playing dumb. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j8ADfS8WQmw

    2. iguess people wait in order to make sure of what they feel."

      Wouldn't let me annotate the whole passage starting with "what is this thing about time?" David is making everyone wait. He isn't sure about what he is doing with his life of who he really is so he makes everyone else wait for him: Giovanni and Hella.

    3. Nobody can stay in the garden of Eden," Jacques said. And then: "I wonder why.''

      Getting at the idea that nobody is perfect in a way I believe. Or that even if someones life is perfect, and everyone views their life to be perfect and fulfilled, they're always going to want more. Also connects to later in the book when David is at "home" with Giovanni and that room is his Eden for while, but then his Eden becomes more of a cage where he has no freedom. Changing tones a little to David feeling trapped - this is how I view a lot of people in relationships. Weather or not he's gay/bisexual, I feel like a lot of people who aren't questioning their sexual identity can feel trapped. So maybe he is just bisexual and doesn't want the relationship because it's not working. But he ends up viewing it as his hell in the end. The opposite of Eden. As well as his trap in the "gay world."

    4. I remember when I was very young how, in the big living room of the house in San Francisco, my mother's photograph, which stood all by itself on the mantel-piece, seemed to rule the room.

      I think Baldwin is trying to break gender roles. Throughout the story, many of the men are seen as weak, like David’s dad being unable to be a good parent, and David being unable to control his feelings and desires. Then, many of the women have strong and empowered roles. David’s dead mother having control over the room by just being in a picture, David’s aunt by taking care of/managing David’s father’s life, and Hella by leaving David and knowing she deserves better. At the time the novel was written there were arguments starting in favor of women’s rights, and I think Baldwin wanted to incorporate that into the novel along with gay rights. The picture I added is an advertisement that is similar to those that women would have seen constantly in this time period, and it made me laugh because its so demeaning.

    5. He smiled, "Why, you will go home and then you'will find that home is not home anymore. Then you will really be in trouble. AB long as you stay here, you can always think: One day I will go home." He played with my thumb and grinned. ''N'est-ce pas?"

      I think home for David is in two places. First, it is in America because that is where he grew up and came from, and he references it as home many times. Second, I think home is in Giovanni’s room, because that’s where he really found himself even if he doesn’t like it. In many stories, mostly YA novels, home is a place where the character grows and then grows out of, and describes it as suffocating. In Giovanni’s room is wear he really embraced his sexuality, and then grows to hate it.

    1. The glimpse of the steamboat had for some reason filled those savages with un-restrained grief.

      I researched the similarities between Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now, since the movie is said to be based off of the book, and I found that there is essentially two things in common. First, there is a character named Kurtz in both stories. Second, the representation of the natives was almost identical, even though they were from two different places. The natives in Apocalypse Now are exactly like Conrad described them in Heart of Darkness. However, the natives were much more savage in the movie, as you can see in the photo I've attached of them about to slaughter a cow. Other than that, the book and the movie are completely different.

    2. They had started two days before in a sudden hurry up the river with the manager on board, in charge of some volun-teer skipper, and before they had been out three hours they tore the bottom out of her on stones, and she sank near the south bank.

      I think the purpose behind using names such as "the manager" is to keep the reader from developing any attachment or any way to connect with these characters, as well as a way for Marlowe to not really associate himself. It's easier for people to disassociate themselves when there isn't a name or a face connected to the person, so Marlowe doesn't have to connect with someone who is treating the natives as savages.

    3. But there was in it one riv-er especially, a mighty big river, that you could see on the map, resembling an immense snake uncoiled, with its head in the sea, its body at rest curving afar over a vast country, and its tail lost in the depths of the land.

      When doing research for the presentation I found out that Conrad had grown up in a religious family but wasn't exactly religious himself. I think he describes the river as a snake, and continues to throughout the book to symbolize how humans are tempted and evil to one another, and how the white men are treating the natives as though they are savages.

    4. Hadn’t he said he wanted only justice? But I couldn’t. I could not tell her. It would have been too dark—too dark altogether....’

      In this passage, Marlow decides it is better to lie about what Kurtz's actual last words were ("the horror, the horror!"), in place of telling his mistress they were "[her] name".

      This is interesting, in that just earlier he was extremely prejudiced against his fellow countrymen for "not possibly [knowing] the things [he] knew", just because they had not seen what he had seen. Yet now, he feels it would be too dark for him to tell Kurtz's mistress the truth, and instead lies. It is likely this guilt only adds another dark and gloomy change onto his already cynical personality after his experiences.

    5. I found myself back in the sepulchral city resenting the sight of people hurrying through the streets to filch a little money from each other, to devour their infamous cookery, to gulp their unwhole-some beer, to dream their insignificant and silly dreams. They trespassed upon my thoughts. They were intruders whose knowledge of life was to me an irritating pretence, because I felt so sure they could not possibly know the things I knew. Their bearing, which was simply the bear-ing of commonplace individuals going about their business in the assurance of perfect safety, was offensive to me like the outrageous flauntings of folly in the face of a danger it is unable to comprehend. I had no particular desire to en-lighten them, but I had some difficulty in restraining myself from laughing in their faces so full of stupid importance.

      In this passage, Marlow finds himself back in Europe, from whence he came, but with a different outlook. He has developed a sort of superiority complex, stating that they could "not possibly know the things I knew", and how he "had some difficulty in restraining [himself] from laughing in their faces so full of stupid importance". He has been changed by his experiences in a foreign land, but they made him worse, not better. In the place of his joyous excitement that triggered his departure, he now has cynical condescension and a dark sadness about him.

      On another note, this is an example of the Hero's Journey Trope, in which a main character departs from his familiar land, has adventures and survives in the unfamiliar land, and then returns to his familiar land with new knowledge and character change(TV Tropes). http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/heros_journey4_8462.png


      "The Hero's Journey - TV Tropes." TV Tropes. N.p., 10 Aug. 2016. Web. 01 Sept. 2016.

  34. Aug 2016
    1. are ne

      This interaction is funny and intriguing. This was published 30 years before the suffrage movement and already you can see things are starting to change. Sherlock, although very progressive with his reason and detective skills, still sees women as inadequate. While Watson is coming around to the new way of thinking that women can have opinions and thoughts too.

    2. short

      (I’m putting this at the end of Small’s narrative because my annotation deals with the entire thing.) Doyle wrote this piece during the heat of british imperialism and had had much success in taking over indigenous populations. Doyle kind of shows India as mystical and full of treasure and there is this constant idea that the new world means wealth. It was a popular belief among people at the time. But paired with the luxurious treasure is the constant despair and destruction. Maybe Doyle is suggesting Britain’s ability to overthrow anyone shouldn’t be so highly praised for it only seems to cause chaos. By casting Sholto as a British man as well as a thief I think Doyle is showing his contradictory views. Maybe Doyle sees this expansion and power as robbing other nations and over stepping british boundary.

    3. Tonga thought he had done somethingvery clever in killing him, for when I came up bythe rope I found him strutting about as proud as apeacock.

      Also Sherlock and Watson viewed the little man as a savage, so possibly Conan Doyle believes that these people indigenous to Tierra del Fuego are crazy and cannot control themselves

    4. Morstan went over to Agrashortly afterwards, and found, as we expected, thatthe treasure was indeed gone.

      I find it funny that throughout this whole story they were trying to find and convict the man who had wronged Sholto and Mary's father, when both of them had wronged Mr. Smalls and taken all of his wealth and he spent his whole time trying to get revenge for his brothers or "The Sign of Four." To Mr. Smalls home is the bond that he made between the three other men. To Mr. Smalls it didn't matter what race they were because they made a promise to each other and he tried to help them.

    5. For some little time hiseyes rested thoughtfully upon the sinewy forearmand wrist all dotted and scarred with innumerablepuncture-marks. Finally he thrust the sharp pointhome, pressed down the tiny piston, and sank backinto the velvet-lined arm-chair with a long sigh ofsatisfaction.

      As said by a few other classmates, this is historical context because drugs such as morphine and cocaine, as well as many other opioids, were commonly used during the 1800s. However, other versions of Sherlock Holmes tales have taken this context out and replaced it with one that is more common for us, like drinking. The link below, in the section titled 'Sherlock Holmes, Eccentric Chemist (and Dope Shooter)' explains why the Sherlock Holmes movies replace his cocaine use with alcohol. https://www.pastemagazine.com/articles/2009/12/film-friday-comparing-ritchies-sherlock-holmes-to.html

    6. “ ‘Nonsense!’ he broke in. ‘What have threeblack fellows to do with our agreement?’“ ‘Black or blue,’ said I, ‘they are in with me,and we all go together.’

      This passage shows how Doyle is representing cultural blending. The major is belittling the three other men because they are black, and Small is defending them. This, in my observation, is Doyle's way of pushing down the idea of cultural purity, because the four men are working together to get the treasure regardless of their race.

    7. “For me,” said Sherlock Holmes, “there stillremains the cocaine-bottle.” And he stretched hislong white hand up for it.
    8. “so absurdly simple that an ex-planation is superfluous; and yet it may serve todefine the limits of observation and of deduction.

      Doyle is saying that even though the idea is very simple that no description is needed but giving context to it, will only limit what the audience views while reading. This seems like a good example of having multiple meanings because when things appear to be simple, and no description is given, we tend to miss something huge later on. I feel like this is foreshadowing for this book. If being simple were something that is just looked over, major clues for the characters, or readers are hidden in plane sight.

    9. What a very attractive woman!” I exclaimed,turning to my companion.He had lit his pipe again, and was leaning backwith drooping eyelids. “Is she?” he said, languidly.“I did not observe.”“You really are an automaton,—a calculating-machine!” I cried. “There is something positivelyinhuman in you at times

      Yet again it is shown the difference between Watson and Holmes, and perhaps one of the great strengths Holmes is able to show in his ability to seperate emotions or feelings from his outlook on the problems.

      This is in stark comparison to Watson, who makes this remark, whilst Holmes is thinking about the problem at hand. Not only this, but he does get emotionally involved with her multiple times later in the story, whereas Holmes is able to focus his mental capacity on the pressing matter at hand

    10. My father was an officer in an Indian regimentwho sent me home when I was quite a child. Mymother was dead, and I had no relative in England.I was placed, however, in a comfortable boardingestablishment at Edinburgh, and there I remaineduntil I was seventeen years of age. In the year1878my father, who was senior captain of his regiment,obtained twelve months’ leave and came home

      Judging from the fact that it is said her father was in the "Indian regiment", in "the year 1878", we can get a pretty good idea of the war they are referring to, being the Second Anglo-Afghan war between the British Raj and the Emirate of Afghanistan, in the years of 1878 to 1880.

      The offensive was done by British India, invading Afghanistan, so this is with all likelihood what is referred to by the "Indian regiment", stating that Miss Morsten's father was a senior captain of his regiment in the British Indian invasion of Afghanistan in the Second Anglo-Afghan war.

    11. I never make exceptions. An exception dis-proves the rule.

      This really speaks to Sherlock's rigorous logical discipline that he keeps in his work, as he never lets his emotions get in the way of his observation, his work, and his thought process.

  35. Jun 2016
    1. Help me kick the tires

      Love your work here, but can you tell me why Hypothes.is can't have a simple "copy to clipboard" function? Not blaming you, just asking.

    2. publish the post

      I am sure this is a non-trivial problem, but none of my non-text media were published in the post, i.e. no pix/vids/gifs.

  36. cran.r-project.org cran.r-project.org