3,245 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. Forty percent of Americans under age 35 tell pollsters they think the First Amendment is dangerous because you might use your freedom to say something that hurts somebody else's feelings.
    1. politifact checked the claim:

      Says Beto O’Rourke wants "open borders and wants to take our guns."

      found at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MvKElqdUxZg

      and rated it:

      False

    1. snopes checked the claim:

      A captured Islamic State leader's cell phone contained the phone numbers of world leaders, including former President Barack Obama.

      found at http://dailyworldupdate.com/2018/03/11/breaking-captured-isis-leader-had-obama-on-speed-dial/

      and rated it:

      False

    1. async function logInOrder(urls) {  // fetch all the URLs in parallel  const textPromises = urls.map(async url => {    const response = await fetch(url);    return response.text();  });  // log them in sequence  for (const textPromise of textPromises) {    console.log(await textPromise);  }}

      Finally!

  2. Apr 2018
    1. The Obama administration touted 2014, 2015, and 2016 as the hottest years on record. But the increases are well within the margin of error. In 2016, NOAA said the Earth warmed by 0.04 degrees Celsius, and the British Government pegged it at 0.01 Celsius. However, the margin of error is 0.1 degree, not 0.01. So it is all statistically meaningless and below the doom-and-gloom temperature predictions from all the various models from consensus scientists.
    1. In 2016, the five states with the highest rates of death due to drug overdose were West Virginia (52.0 per 100,000), Ohio (39.1 per 100,000), New Hampshire (39.0 per 100,000), Pennsylvania (37.9 per 100,000) and (Kentucky (33.5 per 100,000).
    1. Nous, médecins québécois qui croyons en un système public fort, nous opposons aux récentes hausses de rémunération négociées par nos fédérations médicales.
    1. At the heart of the platform is an object database coupled with a lightweight HTTP ORB that publishes objects from the object database.
    1. Nixon claimed that 79 percent of 4-year-olds outside New York City don’t have access to full-day pre-K four years after funding was earmarked in the state budget.
    1. At every turn, IPython chose the way that was more inclusive

      Nice to see that decision pay off!

    2. His achievements speak for themselves—if only he’d let them.
    1. If the ID can’t be extracted (because the PDF doesn’t contain a trailer, the trailer doesn’t contain a valid ID array, etc) then use an MD5 digest of the first 1024 bytes of the file instead
    2. The ID entry is an array of two byte strings. The first byte string in the array is a “permanent identifier” that’s “based on the contents of the file at the time it was originally created” and “shall not change when the file is incrementally updated”. This is the identifier that we’re interested in. The second byte string is a secondary identifier that should also be based on the contents of the file, and should initially have the same value as the first identifier, but that should be re-computed based on the new file contents each time the file is updated. It enables you to identify a different version of the same file. Hypothesis doesn’t use this second identifier.
    1. We're talking about 500 million people that use Facebook and their personal information being used for reasons that they are not aware of.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. A monster snow storm is tearing through the U.S. northeast two days into spring when 70 million people are under winter weather alerts along the east coast.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. But I'll tell you, there is a sense of relief in this community, as well as just extreme gratitude and thanks for this army of law enforcement agents that have been here, our local chief police chief, Manley (ph), the assets that have come in from the surrounding area from the state and the -- and the over 500 federal law enforcement agents that have been here in Austin on the ground.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. And that other 61 percent -- 80 percent are now saying that they plan to vote Democrat for Congress.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    2. And I personally think that the more serious one is the Stormy Daniels case because you have a situation here wherein it appears that the President was successfully blackmailed for money over a sexual liaison, which of course, is one of the central allegations of the Steele dossier -- that the Kremlin has been doing that over matters that have occurred in Moscow in November 2015.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. Upwards of 65 percent of the flights out of LaGuardia, 64 percent out of Newark, about half the flights out of JFK have all been impacted so far going into Wednesday morning

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. Upwards of 65 percent of flights out of LaGuardia, half of flights out of JFK, 30 to 40 percent of flights also across Philly and New York, impacted by this.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. We have 40,000 on that, Facebook, 120,000 at the moment, Instagram is 117,000.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    2. But at 25 million businesses on Instagram, today, 200 million Instagramers actively visit the profile of the business.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    3. The tech companies pay about 10 percent tax in Europe right now and normal businesses pay roughly, 22, 23, 24, percent tax and so the European regulators and the lawmakers are looking at that and saying what - why and how, how does this work, how are they paying less tax and the reason they've determined that they're paying less tax is the way that they are taxed by where their headquarters are versus where they are doing business throughout the 28 countries of the E.U.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. Let's just put in context the Unabomber case, the FBI's longest and most costly case that began in 1978 when Ted Kaczynski started sending mail packages that were bombs, and ended in 1995, 1996 he's arrested.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. But having said that too, I think the fact that he reaches out to a lot of people outside of the administration and I'm honored to be one of them, the fact that he reaches out to private citizens, I think is a strength of this administration, one of the reasons that we elected a businessman, the first entrepreneur President in American history, very different, very unorthodox, clearly has upset the swamp in a myriad of ways as we see, but I think also in positive ways, for instance, tax cuts and deregulation, what's going on in this country outside of the swamp, outside of the beltway, which is growth and optimism and security.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. Well, I'm being told is that over the past 24 hours, law enforcement sources were able to use a mixture of security video from a FedEx store in South Austin as well as information that they had previously gained from store receipts around the area that showed suspicious activity.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. We did collect 50 million people, but we only gave 30 million people.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. const words = ['❤️', 'ES6']

      Checking out how we anchor in a code block.

      (Also curious to know if/when Andrew notices the appearance of this annotation.)

    1. washingtonpost checked the claim:

      "I have stated my concerns with Amazon long before the Election. Unlike others, they pay little or no taxes to state & local governments, use our Postal System as their Delivery Boy (causing tremendous loss to the U.S.)."

      found at https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/979326715272065024

      and rated it:

      Three Pinocchios

  3. Mar 2018
    1. Low survival from 2004 through 2006 led to a 25–50% decline in abundance. We hypothesize that low survival during this period resulted from (1) unfavorable ice conditions that limited access to prey during multiple seasons; and possibly, (2) low prey abundance. For reasons that are not clear, survival of adults and cubs began to improve in 2007 and abundance was comparatively stable from 2008 to 2010, with ~900 bears in 2010 (90% CI 606–1212). However, survival of subadult bears declined throughout the entire period. Reduced spatial and temporal availability of sea ice is expected to increasingly force population dynamics of polar bears as the climate continues to warm. However, in the short term, our findings suggest that factors other than sea ice can influence survival.
    1. factcheck checked the claim:

      Temperature increases for the likely hottest years on record (2014, 2015 and 2016) are "meaningless" because they are “well within the margin of error.”

      found at https://www.inhofe.senate.gov

      and rated it:

      Misleading

    1. Certainly, no big change has accompanied the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration over the past century from roughly 300 to roughly 400 parts per million or from 0.03 to 0.04 per cent.

      <iframe src="https://hyp.jonudell.info/claimReview?url=https://www.thegwpf.com/tony-abbott-daring-to-doubt&claim=Certainly, no big change has accompanied the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration over the past century from roughly 300 to roughly 400 parts per million or from 0.03 to 0.04 per cent."></iframe>

    1. An outdated and exaggerated claim that a Tennessee school district banned the American flag reappeared years after the fact.

      <iframe src="https://hyp.jonudell.info/claimReview?url=https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/did-tennessee-school-district-ban-flag/&claim=An outdated and exaggerated claim that a Tennessee school district banned the American flag reappeared years after the fact."></iframe>

    1. "de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum"

      Level 3

    2. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of "de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum" (The Extremes of Good and Evil) by Cicero, written in 45 BC.

      Level 2

    3. Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of "de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum" (The Extremes of Good and Evil) by Cicero, written in 45 BC. This book is a treatise on the theory of ethics, very popular during the Renaissance. The first line of Lorem Ipsum, "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet..", comes from a line in section 1.10.32.

      Level 1

    1. Well, I know this game better than you jokers

      Level 3

    2. So the table was set for Trump, he just showed up and said, “Well, I know this game better than you jokers, I’m the real thing, I’m a reality TV star and I’m a megabrand.

      Level 2

    3. Trump was just better at it than anybody else because he is himself a fully commercialized brand. So the table was set for Trump, he just showed up and said, “Well, I know this game better than you jokers, I’m the real thing, I’m a reality TV star and I’m a megabrand. Step aside!”

      Level 1

    4. e

      Test

    5. h

      Test

    6. a

      Test

    1. The hiring of diGenova on Monday, first reported by the New York Times, infuriated Dowd, who responded angrily to the development, according to people familiar with his reaction, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to share internal details. Dowd views diGenova as pushing him to be the second chair rather than top dog on Trump’s legal team, these people said. But Dowd said in an email to a Post reporter that he’s perfectly happy with the new addition: “Love Joe.” Dowd, however, has lost the confidence of many in the president’s orbit, both inside and outside the White House. ... One outside adviser described Dowd as “the weakest link” in the team.
    1. “What’s the LTI of annotation?” The answer I came up with, in another prototype, was a way to embed a simple web application in the body of an annotation. Just as my LTI app is launched in the context of a Canvas course, with knowledge of the students and resources in that course as well as API access to both Canvas and to the global network of people and information, so with this little web app. It’s launched in the context of an annotation, with knowledge of the properties of that annotation (document URL, quote, comment, replies, tags) and with API access to both Hypothes.is and to the same global network of people and information. Just as my LTI app requires only basic web development knowledge and ability, so with this annotation app. You don’t need to be an expert to create something useful in this environment. And the thing you do could transfer to another standards-based annotation environment.
    1. They can be traded and they can be repurposed, but only with my consent.

      How would I request such consent? How would you express it?

    1. Keep in mind that this disables ALL platform apps (like Farmville, Twitter, or Instagram) and you will not be able to log into sites using your Facebook login.

      I can live with that.

    1. “You are simply repeating what Peter is saying,” Pimm said. “What, exactly, are we failing at?” He noted that nearly fifteen per cent of the land on earth had been preserved for conservation. “We’ve reduced species extinction rates by three-quarters,” he added.
  4. biopub.hypothes.is biopub.hypothes.is
    1. gh central metabolism. When we grew cells in mixed amino acids supplemented with glucose and cA

      Test

    1. Points of interest

      • Shows how to get the length of a column value that is a list of things

      • Shows how to convert the list to a string in order to pattern-match across all tags in the list

      • Shows how to use the || operator to wrap the wildcard characters around a variable

    1. Points of interest:

      • Uses regular expressions -- fancy pattern matching -- to scan the text of annotations

      • This one just looks for ?, the idea being a teacher is looking for students asking questions

      • Could also look for dates, currency, links, images, videos, lots of things

    1. Points of interest

      • A highlight is an annotation with no text or tags.

      • This query has to perform some gymnastics to find the set of annotations that meet those two conditions

      • Gymnastics also required for the percentages

      • This pattern work for other things like: annotations vs pagenotes, public vs private, etc.

    1. Aspects of interest:

      • Build a temporary table that filters annotations down to just those matching a domain, and takes just the group ids from those annotations

      • Get the set of unique group ids from that result, and the user counts for each group

      • Show the group ids and counts

    1. Aspects of interest:

      • Uses distinct to get the set of unique users from all users who annotated a given doc
    1. Aspects of interest

      • Looks at the registered_date for users

      • Filters by domain wildcards

      • Then extrapolates to all signups, according to a 56/44 ratio established elsewhere

    1. Aspects of interest:

      • Joins annotations table and document_uri table

      • Looks for doi-related metadata

    1. Aspects of interest:

      • Finds distinct urls annotated by any CF annotator

      • Finds the average of the dates on the annotation for each url, so those sets of annotations can be arranged on a timeline

    1. Aspects of interest

      • Accesses the user_group table

      • Quotes the "group" field to distinguish it from the group keyword

      • Applies the lower string function to make matching more robust

      • Joins the user_group and group tables in order to show user counts per group

    1. Aspects of interest

      • Shows how to count different things in the same query

      • Shows how to use distinct to deduplicate

    1. Aspects of interest:

      • Uses form-based variables to parameterize the query. (

      • Formats results as a bar chart

    1. Aspects of interest:

      • Truncate date to day

      • Filter on a specified recent span of days

      • Use a complex expression to match a specified set of users

    1. Aspects of interest:

      • Uses WITH ("WITH provides a way to write auxiliary statements for use in a larger query. These statements can be thought of as defining temporary tables that exist just for one query")

      • Uses wildcard to match tlds: .edu, .ac.uk

      • Uses regular expression to match subdomains of email addresses (e.g. cornell. nyu)

      • uses array indexing to slice the regexp match

      • use || operator to join strings

      -

    1. In https://twitter.com/actualham/status/969985862711894019 @actualham recalls this @krisshaffer quote from the podcast:

      "By erecting just the right fence, I think we can create a space that's safe enough that we can put up a swingset and a sandbox again."

      Using the clipping tool I've been working on:

      I captured the quote, with additional preamble, here:

      http://umwdtlt.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Donglecast-3-Teaching-with-Social-Media.mp3#t=2770,2804

  5. Feb 2018
    1. recommends eating no more than 6% of saturated fat as part of total daily calories for those who need lower cholesterol.

      Question:

      Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:

      Singular Causal Claim

    2. more than eating long-chain triglycerides.” The problem is St-Onge's research used a "designer oil" packed with 100% MCTs. Traditional

      Question:

      Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:

      Singular Causal Claim

    3. medium-chain triglycerides than most other fats or oils, and my research showed eating medium-chain triglycerides may increase the rate of metabolism more than eating long-chain triglycerides.”

      Question:

      Does the author exaggerate the dangers of a situation and use scare tactics to persuade (the appeal to fear fallacy)?

      Answer:

      Sort of

    4. Plus, coconut oil can still be an effective moisturizer or hair conditioner. "You can put it on your body, but don’t put it in your body," Sacks said.

      Question:

      Does the author say that one small change will lead to a major change (use a slippery slope argument)? Highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Sort of

    5. research on medium chain triglycerides," Marie-Pierre St-Onge, associate professor of nutritional medicine at Columbia University Medical

      Question:

      Does the author present a complicated choice as if it were binary (construct a false dilemma)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Sort of

    6. help bodies absorb nutrients from other foods. Many have said butter has gotten a bad reputation.

      Question:

      Does the author present the counterargument as a weaker, more foolish version of the real counterargument (use a Straw Man Argument)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Sort of

    7. Sacks, lead author on the report, said he has no idea why people think coconut oil is healthy. It's almost 100% fat. Past weight loss studies might

      Question:

      Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Sort of

    8. as part of total daily calories for those who need lower cholesterol. Before you trash your coconut oil, know that saturated fat is a loaded term. While the AHA warns

      Question:

      Are any experts, organizations, or studies cited that are separate from the central study quoted in the article? If so, highlight relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      2

    9. coconut oil increases LDL cholesterol, a cause of CVD [cardiovascular disease], and has no known offsetting favorable effects, we

      Question:

      Is this article primarily about a single scientific study?

      Answer:

      Yes

    10. beef fat and palm oil. In fact, 82% of the fat in coconut oil is saturated, according to the data — far beyond butter (63%), beef fat (50%) and

      Question:

      Is this article primarily about a single scientific study?

      Answer:

      Yes

    11. Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory reviewed existing data on saturated fat, showing coconut oil increased LDL ("bad") cholesterol in seven out of seven controlled trials. Researchers didn't see a difference between coconut oil and

      Question:

      What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:

      Challenges to the ego (“Only People with IQ Above 160 Can Solve This”)

    12. The American Heart Association recently released a report advising against the use of coconut oil. The Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory reviewed existing data on saturated fat, showing

      Question:

      What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:

      Provoking emotions, such as shock or surprise (“...Shocking Result”, “...Leave You in Tears”)

    13. The Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory reviewed existing data on saturated fat, showing coconut oil increased LDL ("bad") cholesterol in seven out of seven controlled trials.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Correlation

    14. "Because coconut oil increases LDL cholesterol, a cause of CVD [cardiovascular disease], and has no known offsetting favorable effects, we advise against the use of coconut oil," the American Heart Association said in the Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Experts are cited

    15. Frank Sacks, lead author on the report, said he has no idea why people think coconut oil is healthy.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Experts are cited

    16. The Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory reviewed existing data on saturated fat, showing coconut oil increased LDL ("bad") cholesterol in seven out of seven controlled trials.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      An experimental study was conducted (natural experiments OK)

    17. The Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory reviewed existing data on saturated fat, showing coconut oil increased LDL ("bad") cholesterol in seven out of seven controlled trials.

      Question:

      Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:

      General Causal Claim

    18. Also, some fat is important to help bodies absorb nutrients from other foods.

      Question:

      Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Sort of

    19. Before you trash your coconut oil, know that saturated fat is a loaded term. While the AHA warns against it, people who cut saturated fat out of their diet might not necessarily lower their heart disease risk, a 2015 BMJ review suggested.

      Question:

      Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Sort of

    20. American Heart Association

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 1

    21. my research on medium chain triglycerides," Marie-Pierre St-Onge, associate professor of nutritional medicine at Columbia University Medical Center,

      Question:

      Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:

      Scientific Study 2

    22. The Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory reviewed existing data on saturated fat, showing coconut oil increased LDL ("bad") cholesterol in seven out of seven controlled trials.

      Question:

      Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:

      Scientific Study 1

    23. Marie-Pierre St-Onge, associate professor of nutritional medicine at Columbia University Medical Center,

      Question:

      Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:

      Expert 2

    24. Frank Sacks, lead author on the report,

      Question:

      Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:

      Expert 1

    25. Coconut oil isn't healthy. It's never been healthy.

      Question:

      What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:

      Defying convention (“Think Orange Juice is Good for you? Think Again!”, “Here are 5 Foods You Never Thought Would Kill You”)

    26. Coconut oil isn't healthy. It's never been healthy.

      Question:

      Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Yes

    27. healthy.

      Question:

      Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Yes

    28. Turns out coconut oil has more saturated fats than lard!

      Question:

      Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Yes

    29. Coconut oil isn't healthy. It's never been healthy.

      Question:

      Does the author exaggerate the dangers of a situation and use scare tactics to persuade (the appeal to fear fallacy)?

      Answer:

      Sort of

    30. Turns out coconut oil has more saturated fats than lard!

      Question:

      Does the author exaggerate the dangers of a situation and use scare tactics to persuade (the appeal to fear fallacy)?

      Answer:

      Sort of

    31. The problem is St-Onge's research used a "designer oil" packed with 100% MCTs. Traditional coconut oil only contains about 13 to 15%. Another study she published showed smaller doses of MCTs doesn't help with weight loss in overweight adolescents.

      Question:

      Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Yes

    32. suggested. That's because some people fill the void with sugar, white flour and empty calories. Also, some fat is important to help bodies absorb nutrients from other foods. Many have said butter has gotten a bad reputation.

      Question:

      Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Yes

    33. Before you trash your coconut oil, know that saturated fat is a loaded term. While the AHA warns against it, people who cut saturated fat out of their diet might not necessarily lower their heart disease risk, a 2015 BMJ review suggested.

      Question:

      Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Yes

    34. BMJ

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 3

    35. TIME

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 2

    36. American Heart Association said in the Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory.

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 1

    37. Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 1

    38. American Heart Association

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 1

    39. Association

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 1

    40. Heart

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 1

    41. American

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 1

    42. reviewed existing data on saturated fat, showing coconut oil increased LDL ("bad") cholesterol in seven out of seven controlled trials.

      Question:

      Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:

      Scientific Study 1

    43. showing coconut oil increased LDL ("bad") cholesterol in seven out of seven controlled trials.

      Question:

      Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:

      Scientific Study 1

    44. Marie-Pierre St-Onge, associate professor of nutritional medicine at Columbia University Medical Center,

      Question:

      Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:

      Expert 2

    45. Frank Sacks, lead author on the report,

      Question:

      Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:

      Expert 1

    46. isn't healthy.

      Question:

      What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:

      Inducing fear (“Is Your Boyfriend Cheating on You?”)

    47. Coconut oil isn't healthy. It's never been healthy.

      Question:

      What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:

      Defying convention (“Think Orange Juice is Good for you? Think Again!”, “Here are 5 Foods You Never Thought Would Kill You”)

    48. "Because coconut oil increases LDL cholesterol, a cause of CVD [cardiovascular disease], and has no known offsetting favorable effects, we advise against the use of coconut oil," the American Heart Association said in the Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Experts are cited

    49. The Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease advisory reviewed existing data on saturated fat, showing coconut oil increased LDL ("bad") cholesterol in seven out of seven controlled trials.

      Question:

      Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:

      General Causal Claim

    50. American Heart Association

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 1

    1. The disaster comes as headlines have focused on the floods in Houston, Texas, which authorities have described as "unprecedented".

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      The correlation appears across multiple independent contexts

    2. The US has seen two of its worst storms ever, Hurricane Harvey and Hurricane Katrina, in just over a decade.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      The correlation appears across multiple independent contexts

    3. climate change and new weather patterns are having "a big negative impact".

      Question:

      Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:

      Singular Causal Claim

    4. The rise in extreme weather events such as hurricanes and floods have been identified by climate scientists as the hallmark of man-made climate change.

      Question:

      Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:

      Singular Causal Claim

    5. Red Cross,

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 2

    6. Straits Times

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 1

    7. Matthew Marek, the head of disaster response in Bangladesh for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent.

      Question:

      Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:

      Expert 2

    8. Anirudh Kumar, a disaster management official in Patna,

      Question:

      Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:

      Expert 1

    9. kill 1,200 and leave millions homeless

      Question:

      What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:

      Cliffhanger to a story (“You Won’t Believe What Happens Next”, “Man Divorces His Wife After Overhearing This Conversation”)

    10. According to the Red Cross, at least 7.1 million people have been affected in Bangladesh - more than the population of Scotland - and around 1.4 million people have been affected in Nepal.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Experts are cited

    11. "Farmers are left with nothing, not event with clean drinking water," said Matthew Marek, the head of disaster response in Bangladesh for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Experts are cited

    12. Anirudh Kumar, a disaster management official in Patna, the capital of Bihar, a poor state known for its mass migration from rural areas to cities, said this year's farming had collapsed because of the floods, which will lead to a further rise in unemployment in the region.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Experts are cited

    13. Red Cross,

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 3

    14. UN

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 2

    15. Straits Times

      Question:

      Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:

      Cited Organization 1

    16. Matthew Marek, the head of disaster response in Bangladesh for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent.

      Question:

      Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:

      Expert 2

    17. Anirudh Kumar, a disaster management official in Patna,

      Question:

      Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:

      Expert 1

    18. climate change and new weather patterns are having "a big negative impact".

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      A plausible mechanism is proposed

    19. man-made climate change.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      A plausible mechanism is proposed

    20. Authorities say monsoon flooding is one of the worst in region in years

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Correlation

    21. Floods in India, Bangladesh and Nepal kill 1,200 and leave millions homeless

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Correlation

    22. Floods in India, Bangladesh and Nepal kill 1,200 and leave millions homeless

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      The correlation appears across multiple independent contexts

    23. The disaster comes as headlines have focused on the floods in Houston, Texas, which authorities have described as "unprecedented".

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      The correlation appears across multiple independent contexts

    24. India's Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, has said climate change and new weather patterns are having "a big negative impact".

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Experts are cited

    25. Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Experts are cited

    26. climate scientists as the hallmark of man-made climate change.

      Question:

      What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:

      Experts are cited

    27. climate change and new weather patterns are having "a big

      Question:

      Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:

      General Causal Claim

    28. "a big negative impact".

      Question:

      Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:

      General Causal Claim

    29. hallmark of man-made climate change.

      Question:

      Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:

      General Causal Claim

    30. [Gallery of 9 images of the flood]

      Question:

      Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Sort of

    31. [Image of a flood victim in a shelter] Caption: A flood victim takes refuge inside a temporary shelter after camping at a safe location in Saptari District, Nepal. (REUTERS/Navesh Chitrakar)

      Question:

      Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Sort of

    32. [Image of partially submerged houses] Caption: Partially submerged houses are seen at a flood-affected village in Morigaon district in the northeastern state of Assam, India. (REUTERS/Anuwar Hazarika)

      Question:

      Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Sort of

    33. [Image of children rowing a boat] Caption: Children row a boat as they pass through damaged houses at a flood-affected village in Morigaon district in the northeastern state of Assam, India. (REUTERS/Anuwar Hazarika)

      Question:

      Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:

      Sort of