5,258 Matching Annotations
  1. Dec 2019
  2. Nov 2019
    1. Search for annotations

      If you are searching a private group you will need to make an authenticated API call using a token representing a member of the group.

      The https://h.readthedocs.io/en/latest/api-reference/v2/#section/Authentication/ApiKey method is the easiest and most popular way for standalone API-based scripts to authenticate.

      To generate a token, log in to Hypothesis, go to https://hypothes.is/account/developer, click the button, and copy the token.

      To use it in a REST API call, add the header:

      Authorization: Bearer {your token}

      An example in JavaScript: https://github.com/judell/hlib/blob/master/hlib.ts#L480

      In Python: https://github.com/judell/Hypothesis/blob/master/hypothesis.py#L143

    1. If the final system is completely different than the prototype, users may be confused about how it operates.

      That's one reason not to invest in design polish. An ugly-but-functional prototype doesn't pretend to be a polished product or invite confusion with it.

    1. you need to see and feel the interactions rendered by software to know if you’ve nailed the experience.

      And if at all possible, you need to the interaction to be infused with your data.

    2. Regardless of the method you use, prototyping is no longer just a nice-to-have. Aligning a multi-disciplined team and ensuring that everyone comes away with a completely clear picture of the intended interaction design is key to successful product development, and building experiences that customers will ultimately love.
  3. Oct 2019
    1. With pywb 2.3.0, the client-side rewriting system exists in a separate module at https://github.com/webrecorder/wombat`
    1. The Wikimedia Foundation says it is seriously concerned about the idea that cisgender women and transgender editors could be repelled from Wikipedia by online abuse.

      This is also, to myself, indicative of the main problem with Wikipedia: most editors are white men in a certain age span.

      When abuse is added like this, non-men are more likely to stay away, and watch Wikipedia wither into a reason for staying with professionally edited encyclopedias.

    1. But at least one person was able to record the livestream of the video before the company could remove it. Someone posted the video to 8chan, a social message board website that hosts offensive content banned on many mainstream platforms like Facebook, YouTube and Instagram. From there, the video spread quickly, and millions of people began trying to re-upload the video to Facebook to further fan the viral flames.

      This passage really reflects how much our generation and communities are tied to our electronic devices and our online personas. People livestream and record many different events all the time, even ones that they shouldn't be. This is a problem that comes with social media and the online age.

    2. disrepute

      I was unsure what this meant, but I looked it up and I realize that it has to do with being held in low esteem by the public.

    3. “Much — I would say even most — extreme-right content is easily accessible in open online spaces so that it can be consumed by as many people as possible,” said Maura Conway, a senior lecturer in international security at Dublin City University in Ireland.

      This is an important highlight

    4. “Some intended to promote the killer’s actions, others were curious and others actually intended to highlight and denounce the violence. Distribution was further propelled by broad reporting of the existence of a video, which may have prompted people to seek it out and to then share it further with their friends.”

      This is basically showing how although there is not everyone on board with the actions of others there is more people getting the idea to engage in this behavior and will seek out ideaologies that will encapture that

    5. white supremacist forums

      Defined as a white supremacist thread of ideas and comments on a social platform

    6. They are the publisher, not just the postman.”

      I think this is a very powerful and important quote. Social media needs to be held accountable and not let things that are harmful spread. They have a responsibility to monitor what is being published, they do have control so they should not idly sit by.

    7. And no users reported the post to Facebook’s content moderators during the live stream, an important signal for the company to catch and take down harmful content before it spreads virally across the site.

      I find this highly concerning. I am actually shocked that this happened.

    8. “It is clear that this video was ‘pushed’ to many innocent New Zealanders by various apps,” he said. “We have had reports that it also ‘auto-played’ to some people who did not even know what it was.”

      This relates to how the video talks about the push of ISIS propaganda and how that different accounts are used to push out information. People are coming across it even when they are not seeking it out.

    9. New Zealand’s Department of Internal Affairs includes a chief censor, an official who has the authority to determine what material is forbidden.

      Although I am all for freedom of speech, I feel like in some cases having certain material be forbidden on the internet is not the worst thing in the world.

    10. One man, Philip Neville Arps, appeared in court in Christchurch on Wednesday on two charges related to reposting the killer’s video. Mr. Arps was denied bail and is facing almost a month in custody until his next court appearance.

      Although it is an awful act, to hold someone without bail and holding them in jail until heir next court hearing over sharing a post seems some what extreme however there should be a middle ground for punishment.

    11. freedom

      Free speech is an especially tricky concept, especially when one has to determine what is protected as free speech and what isn't. This is often battled out in court in the US and is decided by a judge. The only type of speech the US really doesn't protect is if that speech is directly insighting violence. This means that hate speech is protected.

    12. accept

      This reminds me of the debate that i happening in the US about sensationalizing gun violence and the way that the news often reports on school shootings. In most cases, they report on a sensationalized background of the shooter's life and history which is the proven wrong thing to do, as is inspires further shootings. Why do we let this happen?

    13. Facebook

      Reminds be of a point made in the previous article about what kind of violence can we show and the mentioning of the horrible Philando Castlie shooting... What if some things need to be seen?

    14. Facebook and other social media platforms also could face new legal issues because of the video, and not only in New Zealand. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern of New Zealand has vowed to investigate the role that social media played in the attack and to take action, possibly alongside other countries, against the sites that broadcast it.

      I can understand how Facebook and other social media platforms could face legal issues. This actually might be beneficially towards the victims and the victims family.

    15. And no users reported the post to Facebook’s content moderators during the live stream, an important signal for the company to catch and take down harmful content before it spreads virally across the site

      No one reported the video because they must have thought it was fake. This reminds me of the facebook live video of a man in the U.S who claimed he was going on a killing spree and killed an innocent elderly man on the street. Most of the comments where shocked that it happened because they did not think something like that could happen. Sometimes it happens so fast you are unable to report it until it is too late.

    16. Facebook said that during the 24 hours after the shooting, the company blocked more than 1.2 million attempts to upload the video. It took down more than 300,000 copies of the video that had been uploaded.

      I know that Facebook or other social media platforms are able to remove content, however I wonder how they are able to attempt to block it from being downloaded?

    17. A Christchurch teenager, whose name has not been released, was denied bail on Monday over charges that he had posted a photograph of Al Noor Mosque, one of the two that were attacked, a week before the shootings, with the caption “target acquired.” He was also charged with reposting the video.Each could spend as much as 14 years in jail if found guilty.

      I believe we have to continue to monitor these events closely and continue to punish extremely harsh for things on the internet. There needs to be a way to see this post and stop these people before they act.

    18. purport

      "Appear or claim to be or do something"

    19. How can people be charged for simply sharing content on social media? Is it because it is considered terrorism content and that spreading it would make you a terrorist?

    20. denied bail and is facing almost a month in custody until his next court appearance.

      It is crazy to see how different laws are around the world. I do not believe that this would happen in America. In this country, people are very quick to bring up our "freedom of speech." However, I think that what New Zealand is doing is beneficial to society, because I do not believe that content like this terrorism video should be shared online, especially when it depicts the real killings of people.

    21. company blocked more than 1.2 million attempts to upload the video. It took down more than 300,000 copies of the video that had been uploaded.

      This is shocking to me because I don't understand why people would want to upload and share a video of people being murdered in a terrorist attack to their Facebook accounts. It is disheartening to see how desensitized our society has become to this type of violence.

    22. Facebook, the platform used by the Christchurch killer to broadcast the attack on one of its marquee products, Facebook Live, has been under pressure to explain its role in how the video proliferated.

      I do agree that they play some part in it, but how much control do they actually have?

    23. But at least one person was able to record the livestream of the video before the company could remove it

      This always happens. As soon as it is on the internet, no matter how fast you remove it, it can still be found. That bein said, the companies have a big issue in hand.

    24. And no users reported the post to Facebook’s content moderators during the live stream, an important signal for the company to catch and take down harmful content before it spreads virally across the site.

      I am blown away and in disgust that no person reported the killer's livestream. Facebook Live moderators really need to get their act together to help catch these things.

    25. “We cannot simply sit back and accept that these platforms just exist and that what is said on them is not the responsibility of the place where they are published,” she told Parliament on Tuesday. “They are the publisher, not just the postman.”

      Well put. We need to hold social media outlets accountable for the service they provide. They simply can't sit idly by allowing for their medium to be a catalyst for hate.

    26. said mainstream social media companies had generally succeeded in suppressing content from groups like the Islamic State on their platforms, but that far-right groups had not received the same treatment.

      Good, but not good enough. White-supremacists have incited just as much if not more acts of violence on domestic soil than the Islamic State. When is it finally enough?

    27. “It’s hard to know where the line is drawn,”

      this is a very deep statement as the line between laws on social media are so undefined and so new that they are hard to enforce

    28. Fewer than 200 people watched the killer’s shooting spree live as it occurred

      This is appalling that anyone would actually watch the killer's shooting spree live as it occurred.

    29. Mr. Elley said, with algorithms on websites like YouTube constantly offering viewers more and more “extreme and strange” videos to keep them watching,

      Why is the essence of 'strange' videos build a high viewer point for our society?

    30. The restrictions mean New Zealanders could face legal consequences for intentionally looking at the Christchurch killer’s video, which may have been seen millions of times around the world.

      This is an interesting passage. Only because I think this is an important step forward for humanity, and it should be more enforced. I don't think anyone would disagree that intentionally watching and sharing a video about terrorist killing is morally wrong and reprehensible. But, as human (or at least Americans for sure), we have a strange primal need to look at disasters. When there is a car accident on the freeway, for instance, traffic forms as cars slowly roll by so that they can take in the damage. Even the saying from Tony Danza, which is now often repeated in different words, "Sometimes it's like watching a train wreck. You're uncomfortable, but you just can't help yourself" is an example of how people have an impulse to watch terrible, tragic things. I think society needs an enforceable guideline to deter watching this kind of tragedy.

    31. parameters

      Parameters- "a limit or boundary that defines the scope of a particular process or activity" In this case it is explaining that New Zealanders have the freedom of expression, but that there are lines that should not be crossed. I think that is something that the U.S. should adopt.

    1. In their absence, some airports have had to close checkpoints, as Baltimore-Washington International did over the weekend

      Low staffing has caused airports to close certain checkpoints which jeopardizes the safety of air travelers.

    1. unrepresentative

      Feel that most people don't realize that this is true

    2. junkies

      People are getting their information form online biased media sources when they should be getting information on their prefered candidate from verified new sources or their own websites on their policies

    3. specifics

      Personally believe it was a very accurate observation based on my own experience on twitter

    1. he student had grown up in a household with little money and where college had never been discussed.

      i think this is pretty typical for first generation students. Their parents do not talk about college so they do not talk about college because they do not know what to say or what questions to ask

    2. most first-generation students come from families with low incomes and minimal exposure to college.

      their parents could not afford to go to college and they can barley send their kids to college because they were not able to get a degree to give them a well paying job

    3. died when his son was a toddler

      maybe they should go into the fact that his dad dying when he was young had an effect on him rather than looking at the lack of an effect he had on him

    4. Colleges have always viewed their mission as promoting social mobility, but given rising income inequality and the skills needed to get high-paying jobs, they have intensified their efforts to enroll and lift disadvantaged students.

      not really how colleges do it anymore, the huge monetary barrier(in america at least) kicks the poor down and keeps the wealthy up. despite the many programs promoting lower class and minorities representation in college.

    5. Depends on Who’s Asking

      despite the context the articale provides, i disagree. I believe that the identity of your generation is a conglomerate of your physical and digital footprint along with your identity. This means that your identity is yours to choose, however you can't identify with a generation that you haven't left a significant footprint in.

    6. It may seem like hairsplitting

      I don't really understand what this remark means. it might mean something synonymous to threading the needle or a hyperbole therein of itself.

    7. Some public policy experts believe the definition should be narrowed for admissions and financial aid.

      What does some public policy experts entice? the definition is something dangerous to play around with in the purposes of admission for people will then choose the identity that is most beneficial.

    1. Google to provide information on all devices it recorded

      Google can provide any informations about devices which can help police in his investigation.

    2. They used new techniques for murder investigation.

    3. This year, one Google employee said, the company received as many as 180 requests in one week

      Investigators are using this tracking technology increasingly because it is very useful to find the criminals all around the world by tracking their device.

    4. dragnet

      a system in which the police look for criminals, using very thorough methods.

    5. Technology companies have for years responded to court orders for specific users’ information.

      Technology companies help in the investigation of crime.

    6. This year, one Google employee said, the company received as many as 180 requests in one week.

      Google receive several requests.

    1. One of the biggest questions of the past two years — something that fueled the news coverage, the federal investigation and congressional scrutiny — is why so many people around Mr. Trump lied, misled and changed their stories
    1. Too many boys are trapped in the same suffocating, outdated model of masculinity, where manhood is measured in strength, where there is no way to be vulnerable without being emasculated, where manliness is about having power over others.

      I agree with this statement. Society is moving towards more gender equality, which challenges male privilege and forces men, conditioned to equate power with masculinity, to feel there manhood is threatened. As supported in this article: https://www.apa.org/monitor/2017/02/men-left-behind

    2. It’s no longer enough to “be a man” — we no longer even know what that means

      Agreed, as discussed in class, gender roles constantly evolving, they are no longer binary. There is no longer a clear definition of what a "man" is nor his place within the workplace or home.

    3. Girls today are told that they can do anything, be anyone.

      As discussed in class, gender roles have shifted to where the role of women in the home is no longer that of the housewife. In many instances, they are the main breadwinner.

    4. They’re outperforming boys in school at every level.

      According to an article in"The Atlantic", in 2017 56% of college students were female.

    5. I used to have this one-liner: “If you want to emasculate a guy friend, when you’re at a restaurant, ask him everything that he’s going to order, and then when the waitress comes … order for him.” It’s funny because it shouldn’t be that easy to rob a man of his masculinity — but it is.

      If this statement is implying all guys has the same level of sensitivity and pride, then that is clearly wrong. I, for example, this situation won't strip my masculinity away as well as many guys. But if the author is implying that a man's masculinity is sensitive, then yes, I agree that is true. But each man have a certain degree of masculinity, and how they respond varies. (This is just an introductory to their point of their article, I will continue reading)

    6. Last week, 17 people, most of them teenagers, were shot dead at a Florida school. Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School now joins the ranks of Sandy Hook, Virginia Tech, Columbine and too many other sites of American carnage. What do these shootings have in common? Guns, yes. But also, boys. Girls aren’t pulling the triggers. It’s boys. It’s almost always boys.

      Yes and No...It is true that these horrific events happened. The articles are all over the web with a simple search. So the facts are true. But the last few statement contradict each other. It is true that the events she specifically provided all involves a male culprit. But by saying "Girls aren't pulling the trigger"..."many other sites of American Carnage"..."its boys. It's almost always boys" is contradicting, thus false. There are female shooters too. Here's some examples. 1) A women shooter at YouTube Headquarters in California, a very recent event. 2) A women who shot up a elementary school in the lates 1900s: Brenda Spencer. So far of what I have read, I believe that gender has nothing to do with shooting and crimes. The causation is more related to gun laws, federal/city laws, and mental illness, but that is another argument.

      But what I agree on is that there are more male shooters/criminals that male. But why is that? What I believe is that is has to do with biological, psychological, and social factors, which I will answer a bit more as I get through the reading.

    7. The past 50 years have redefined what it means to be female in America. Girls today are told that they can do anything, be anyone. They’ve absorbed the message: They’re outperforming boys in school at every level. But it isn’t just about performance. To be a girl today is to be the beneficiary of decades of conversation about the complexities of womanhood, its many forms and expressions.

      Agree...feminist has been around for quite some time with roots connecting to 14th century France, Christine de Pizan (based on my knowledge).

    8. It’s no longer enough to “be a man” — we no longer even know what that means.

      In today modern society, especially western culture, gender roles changes rapidly especially from environmental and social factors. As learned in class, a male can be assertive (masculinity trait) with his children and his wife, but if he's in the workplace. He becomes obedient, submissive, and docile to his boss. And if his boss is a female, then what is gender role?

    9. They are trapped, and they don’t even have the language to talk about how they feel about being trapped, because the language that exists to discuss the full range of human emotion is still viewed as sensitive and feminine.

      Toxic masculinity as we learned in class does play a role.Yes because of this, most girls are more "social, seeks support", emotional and more open about their problems to people.. Boys on the other hands, are taught to be a fighter and strong. It can be embarrassing to them if a guy were to cry about their problems around their peers.This can play a role to why more male are more vulnerable to corrupted thinking and actions. From childhood to now, the people they associate with, the movies/films they watch, books they read, etc, toxic masculinity is already programmed into many men's mind. Many factor plays a role into why there are more male shooters, and I agree that toxic masculinity is one of them.

      https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/22/us/toxic-masculinity.html

    10. And so the man who feels lost but wishes to preserve his fully masculine self has only two choices: withdrawal or rage

      Those capable - rage/violence (either self or to others) those not capable - withdrawal

    11. To be clear, most men will never turn violent. Most men will turn out fine. Most will learn to navigate the deep waters of their feelings without ever engaging in any form of destruction. Most will grow up to be kind. But many will not.

      Yes, that makes things much clearer. Not generalizing, just specifying.

    12. But we can see at least one pattern and that pattern is glaringly obvious. It’s boys.

      Yes. Refer back to my annotations/my thoughts on the previous paragraphs

    13. Men feel isolated, confused and conflicted about their natures. Many feel that the very qualities that used to define them — their strength, aggression and competitiveness — are no longer wanted or needed; many others never felt strong or aggressive or competitive to begin with. We don’t know how to be, and we’re terrified.

      I believe that this is related to something called hyper-masculinity I believe that the testosterone in males are also responsible for why there are more male shooters. This shows that it is a biological thing and has happened throughout history. Every violent things all involves mostly men no matter what setting it takes place, dating/love, war, competitive games/sports, money, fame, and survival. Only if it involves some sort of loss, hurt, or hurting their pride. However, ALL men are not like this. ONLY those who are incapable of handling the mental/emotional stress, those who are delusional, those that have "guts" and sinister courage JUST to defend their pride from being attacked, which can be summed up as mentally ill. I will refer back to toxic masculinity, most boys with a certain level of mentally illness tends to not get help and are are not as open. This tend to make things worse, and their aggression can turn to physical violence. Girls on the other hand as mentioned are more open and more capable of achieving this help, and will often have other ways other than alcohol/drug abuse to help distract them.

      There are many many many many factors, and it's nearly impossible to list them all. But the general reasons to why there are more men shooter or just male criminals then females is as mentioned biological, psychological, and social factors.

    14. I believe in boys. I believe in my son. Sometimes, though, I see him, 16 years old, swallowing his frustration, burying his worry, stomping up the stairs without telling us what’s wrong, and I want to show him what it looks like to be vulnerable and open but I can’t. Because I was a boy once, too.

      toxic masculinity in the work?????Was the boy taught that he should keep his feelings locked away?

    15. I would like men to use feminism as an inspiration, in the same way that feminists used the civil rights movement as theirs. I’m not advocating a quick fix. There isn’t one. But we have to start the conversation. Boys are broken, and I want to help.Sign Up for Jamelle Bouie's NewsletterJoin Jamelle Bouie as he shines a light on overlooked writing, culture and ideas from around the internet.

      so a movement to make male vulnerability normal?

    16. I used to have this one-liner: “If you want to emasculate a guy friend, when you’re at a restaurant, ask him everything that he’s going to order, and then when the waitress comes … order for him.” It’s funny because it shouldn’t be that easy to rob a man of his masculinity — but it is.

      I'm skeptical from the outset. It's not unusual to buy a round of drinks, or a couple burgers for a friend. I've never seen anyone affected by another person ordering for them but I'll admit it's likely for some people out there.

      I acknowledge that the implication is that treating a man as you would a woman, by ordering on her behalf (or other implications), could be taken as offense. There's probably a case where this is exactly what happened, but I can't imagine it being a plurality or the norm.

    17. Last week, 17 people, most of them teenagers, were shot dead at a Florida school. Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School now joins the ranks of Sandy Hook, Virginia Tech, Columbine and too many other sites of American carnage. What do these shootings have in common? Guns, yes. But also, boys. Girls aren’t pulling the triggers. It’s boys. It’s almost always boys.

      Though it is rare for women to be shooters, it is not unheard of. One of the earliest school shootings) was perpetrated by a woman.

    18. America’s boys are broken. And it’s killing us.

      Some of its boys are broken.

    19. The brokenness of the country’s boys stands in contrast to its girls, who still face an abundance of obstacles but go into the world increasingly well equipped to take them on.

      I dislike this comparison. Are the underlying causes of this brokenness warranting (if possible) the outcomes? Is there any pathology to these school shootings or domestic terrorism?

      In a sense, an archetype of male is facing extinction pressure based on changing societal norms and expectations. Can these individuals adapt? Will they choose to? Is this worth considering at all?

    20. Girls today are told that they can do anything, be anyone. They’ve absorbed the message:

      I don't think this is limited to girls. I can't imagine this as an issue for Americans. Compared to many of my friends in Europe, Africa, and Asia; I don't think Americans have a confidence problem.

    21. They’re outperforming boys in school at every level. But it isn’t just about performance. To be a girl today is to be the beneficiary of decades of conversation about the complexities of womanhood, its many forms and expressions.

      I don't get the sense that male sexuality, gender, and its forms and expressions are something that doesn't have decades of conversation about. I remember the likes of American Pie, the Wonder Years, and tons of coming of age films and tv shows that featured the male perspective. It was a foregone conclusion, a baseline. I don't think most men are disadvantaged at all as far as "blue prints" are concerned. I do think there are pressures to "be different" regarding how we reminisce on past sexual encounters or the types of jokes we shouldn't tell due to a widening number of people who's offense we now take more seriously.

      As far as test scores and performance go, I don't know what to make of it. I'm going into a profession that is over 60% women. I go to a school that is more than 60% women. As long as I can remember being in school, I can recall being outnumbered by women. I never felt outperformed though.

    22. Boys, though, have been left behind. No commensurate movement has emerged to help them navigate toward a full expression of their gender. It’s no longer enough to “be a man” — we no longer even know what that means.

      The baseline has been literature about male sexuality and thought--gender intrinsically included. Boys have not been left behind. Generally, society shunned high variability in male behavior from established gender norms. At the same time, being manly left room for lots of variety over the years. Examples: The Fonz, Archie Bunker, rockstars, Bob Ross, rappers, Walt Whitman, boy pop bands, John Locke, James Bond, wrestlers, power rangers, Mr. Rogers.

      Lots of variety yet at the same time they're so similar in that most present as straight and male. Times are changing for everyone. I believe the trend is very positive for women and decidedly shaky for men. Still, I wouldn't call this left behind.

    23. Too many boys are trapped in the same suffocating, outdated model of masculinity, where manhood is measured in strength, where there is no way to be vulnerable without being emasculated,

      Most models of masculinity I don't imagine being compatible with homosexuality or deference to a woman (outside of a matriarchal culture/tradition which aren't as uncommon as we'd think).

    24. where manliness is about having power over others. They are trapped, and they don’t even have the language to talk about how they feel about being trapped, because the language that exists to discuss the full range of human emotion is still viewed as sensitive and feminine.

      It often does feel shameful to cry as boy as most are conditioned not to. I think confident vulnerability gets men points today, actually. I think being unshaken by the outside is what masculinity is becoming. If you can wear a skirt and not be affected, then you're "the man." If you can do whatever you want, then you're "the man."

      There's a quote that I recall from FX's Atlanta from the 7th Episode B.A.N. Paperboi says:

      "Man, here's the thing. Man, I... it's hard for me to care about this when nobody cares about me as a black human man, you feel me? Like, Caitlyn Jenner is just doing what rich white men been doing since the dawn of time, which is whatever the hell he want. So why should I care? What make him so special?"

    25. To be clear, most men will never turn violent. Most men will turn out fine. Most will learn to navigate the deep waters of their feelings without ever engaging in any form of destruction. Most will grow up to be kind. But many will not.

      The phrase, "Boys are broken," is more often incorrect than it is correct.

    26. o be clear, most men will never turn violent. Most men will turn out fine. Most will learn to navigate the deep waters of their feelings without ever engaging in any form of destruction. Most will grow up to be kind. But many will not.

      Although I do agree with this message, its important to not forget the patriarch society in which we live in, and how it affects the Gender norms. Although perhaps not physical violence, other types of violence or abuse can still hide in forms of patriarchy. Often times will show that today in 2019, we still fight this battle. It's terrifying to know that in the 21st century, this what we are still dealing with. Gender Roles play a large factor in this. Johnson's Ideology states "According to patriarchal culture, for example, men are aggressive, daring, rational, emotionally, inexpressive, strong, cool headed, in control of themselves, independent and active, self confident and unnurturing. Women are portrayed in opposite terms, such as shy, intuitive, emotionally expressive, nurturing, weak, hysterical and lacking in self control." These norms in which we see expressed in our everyday lives lead us into very narrow conceptions of ourselves, and pressure that we need to fulfill these roles. So this is true, not all men are violent, and when they do we have to look deeper into what those reasons are. The facts are in plain sight. Just this year alone 126 mass murders have been reported to the US, all of them being committed by men, so many that we don't even hear about each and every one of them. https://www.massshootingtracker.org/data It important for us in order for healing in these boys to occur, we need to be able to destroy these gender norms, and have the ability to express ourselves in whichever ways we feels at ease with ourselves.

    27. We will probably never understand why any one young man decides to end the lives of others. But we can see at least one pattern and that pattern is glaringly obvious. It’s boys.

      This was seen especially in the statistics as highlighted. https://www.massshootingtracker.org/data

    28. To be a girl today is to be the beneficiary of decades of conversation about the complexities of womanhood, its many forms and expressions.

      Agree with this statement. We often put women in narrow categories such as weak, emotional, feminine, soft. To include any gender in such a small category is ridiculous. The human experience creates us to be different from one another in each and every way. How can we not? We are each from different nations, different family, different upbringings, environments, everything different. There is no man or woman alike. As stated in the Article read in class by Johnson on Ideologies- "As this shapes how we think about gender, it creates a great divide, with men one side, and woman on the other. So as long as everyone buys into the split, whether or not one actually describes them. The problem though is that femininity and masculinity don't describe what most people as they usually are.

      We are not self contained and autonomous "personalities" but relational being whose feelings and behavior are shapes in an ongoing way throughout interactions with other people in particular social environments.

    29. Boys, though, have been left behind. No commensurate movement has emerged to help them navigate toward a full expression of their gender. It’s no longer enough to “be a man” — we no longer even know what that means.

      Question that came to mind... Could this be because the movement for women's right needs to be highlighted to oppose patriarchy? Should we have a men's rights movement, or is it better to have one movement at a time, so that the one will be highlighted and enforced?

    30. But to even admit our terror is to be reduced, because we don’t have a model of masculinity that allows for fear or grief or tenderness or the day-to-day sadness that sometimes overtakes us all.

      Black makes a valid point that there isn’t a model of masculinity for boys of today to follow when it comes to fear and grief. In the past there were clear lines as to what defines a man and they left no room for sadness and how to deal with it. Toxic masculinity seems to have have taken a larger stance in the mindset of the men of today and it's trickling down to our boys.

    31. I don’t know how we open ourselves to the rich complexity of our manhood.

      This episode of the Steve Harvey show hosts a panel of men sharing their struggle and pain with each other. This is how men can open themselves, by not being afraid to discuss and also not judging each other when opening up about pain. [Steve Harvey Show: What I taught my sons.(https://stevetv.com/episode/what-steve-taught-his-sons?clip=what-i-taught-my-sons-becoming-a-man-without-a-father)]

    32. Men feel isolated, confused and conflicted about their natures. Many feel that the very qualities that used to define them — their strength, aggression and competitiveness — are no longer wanted or needed; many others never felt strong or aggressive or competitive to begin with. We don’t know how to be, and we’re terrified.
    33. There has to be a way to expand what it means to be a man without losing our masculinity. I don’t know how we open ourselves to the rich complexity of our manhood. I think we would benefit from the same conversations girls and women have been having for these past 50 years.I would like men to use feminism as an inspiration, in the same way that feminists used the civil rights movement as theirs. I’m not advocating a quick fix. There isn’t one. But we have to start the conversation. Boys are broken, and I want to help.

      I agree that there is a shift in masculinity and i believe that is what the author is trying to say. Actually masculinity comes in different forms, multiple masculinities. The presence of toxic masculinity is turning most men to be violent. A violence thats causing the death rates to increase and mass shooting. The writer is clearly saying that men will adopt but this process takes time and meanwhile the society can start doing their job too and teach the young generation of men that is ok to have feeling and experience them in a way different than your friends and men that are around you. No this is not a quick fix, thats why is important to raise awareness, something we have started to do as a society, even though this is just the beginning of the road to healthy masculinity.

    1. The study specifically regards linemen and defensive backs as being the two primary groups, but running backs are not considered as heavily in the original paper due to the limited frequency of consecutive repetitive impacts.

    2. While 1300 players have died since the recent inception of the Brain Bank, how many more players have played the game and not had symptoms? Is there something more at play?

    3. I like how the prevalence of the position of linemen is included later, but for clarity and to limit the amount of bias before introducing a key fact like prevalence on the field after prevalence within the disease, it's imperative to restructure here.

    1. If they are denied, asylum seekers can be deported. But since many are released while their case is pending, some never return to court and evade deportation.

      the risk of not receiving asylum is deportation

    2. better shot at fending off deportation when they come with a child.

      Immigrants will strategize techniques in order to get into country easier

    3. More than 90 percent of the most recent migrants are from Guatemala,
      • not mexico (stereotype)
    1. “They can build as many walls as they want,” he said, referring to American officials. “They can send as many soldiers to the border as they want, but a people’s need and desire for a better life is stronger.”

      This is the main idea- not matter what desire for better life is stronger than walls and soldiers

    2. The smugglers almost hadn’t let him cross, because they worried that his coughing fits from a respiratory infection might give the group away.

      People left behind to not give away the group and risk being caught

    3. MS-13 became too dangerous there. His family relocated to Berlín, about an hour’s drive away, which had less of a gang problem than the big cities.

      Gangs and other reasons drive people to leave their homes to immigrant into U.S.

    4. MS-13 became too dangerous there. His family relocated to Berlín, about an hour’s drive away, which had less of a gang problem than the big cities.

      An example of why people move is gang problems and other dangers.

    5. The smugglers almost hadn’t let him cross, because they worried that his coughing fits from a respiratory infection might give the group away

      Sometimes people will be left behind if smugglers fear being caught. An example of this is a sick person coughing and border patrol may be able to hear.

    6. “They can build as many walls as they want,” he said, referring to American officials. “They can send as many soldiers to the border as they want, but a people’s need and desire for a better life is stronger.”

      No matter what There will always be people who attempt to illegally cross the border for a better life.

    1. July of last year, July of last year,

      Anaphora emphasizes the importance of the time period and just how unfortunate it is that Magante chose this time not to pitch well.

    2. Mags

      Revealing the metonymy for Magnante makes one feel cloer to the team and to the action. It's also a humorous tid-bit.

    3. Magnante made an almost perfect pitch to Lee Stevens, a fastball low and away.

      Consonance of "magnante made" and "perfect pitch" aids sentence flow. Note also the surprise: you'd expect a bad pitch based on the previous paragraphs.

    4. pop out

      metonymy/baseball slang for an out that occurs from a catch that results from a ball that goes high but not far.

    5. Ricardo Rincon's name is on that board

      Anaphora/ parallel structure serves to heighten the dynamic and contrast between Rincon and Mags.

    6. he knows every player on other teams that he wants, and every player in his own system that he doesn't want

      Hyperbole emphasizes Beane's understanding of what players he wants on his team

    7. Harvard statistics professors, research scientists, Wall Street analysts turned amateur baseball analysts -- and ignored by organized baseball.

      antithesis emphasizes whom the A's listen to.

    8. a fly ball hit by an Oakland A will clear the wall

      Implied metaphor. Tenor: Billy's offer. Vehicle: fly ball that might clear the wall . Ground: a long-shot, potentially big action that seems on the cusp of success.

    9. Coliseum

      humorous metonymy for the stadium

    10. he was paralyzed when the decision involved himself.

      ironic: Beane is so quick to decide for others (his "edge"), but he cannot do the same for himself. He is not rational now.

    11. ''I made one decision based on money in my life -- when I signed with the Mets rather than go to Stanford -- and I promised I'd never do it again.'' After that Beane confined himself to the usual blather about personal reasons. None of what he said was terribly rational or ''objective'' -- but then neither was he.

      Continuation of the irony: he is no longer scientific and rational. Further, we have a reference to the opening of chapter 2; the book is coming full circle and that quote is making sense.

    12. no one would know.

      anaphora emphasizes how futile his endeavor could be.

    13. Cleveland in the top of the seventh with two runners on

      Uses of metonymy in "seventh" (standing for seventh inning) and "runners" (standing for players at base) hastens the prose, creating an image of a quick game. The narration style is also similar to that of a traditional baseball announcer, a tone establishing setting and subject matter.

    14. a left-handed slugger

      Metonymy referring to Thome's brutish hitting style, paints a hulking character.

    15. ''for guys to be available to us, there usually has to be something wrong with them,'' and it wasn't hard to see what was wrong with Mags,

      Figure of repetition: conduplicatio in "wrong." The word wrong is repeated, the two separated by the phrase "with them,' and it wasn't hard to see what was..." The purpose of conduplicatio in this case is to amplify the point that The A's usually hired unconventional players and that Mags was no exception.

    16. low and outside

      Metonymy standing for the position of the catcher enforces the "detached announcer" tone of the prose

    17. bad count

      Antithesis of good pitch. Enforces the rhythm of the piece.

    18. It rose and rose

      the use of epizeuxis emphasizes the flight, and height of the ball

    19. you do the things you always did, but the results are somehow different.

      Antithesis in the change of results based on age alone. Reflects on the struggle of older players, or aging in general.

    20. The contrast cast Mags in unflattering light

      Use of personification shows just how little control Mags has over the situation. He is forced by the will of non-human entities

    21. The trick

      metonymy for Beane's method of money management. Connotation of "trick" implies a scheme on Billy's part.

    22. and have researched for 30 seconds.

      Hyperbole overstates the lack of research the Mets need to hypothetically do in order to entice Paul DePodesta

    23. His owners have told him only that they won't eat 508 grand; they've said nothing about eating 233 grand.

      Implied metaphor in "eat." Eating, in this case, stands for taking an offer. The ground is in acceptance and consumption

    24. pokes his head

      Implied metaphor. Tenor: Paul entering Billy's office Vehicle: "poking" Ground: small stature, barely noticeable presence.

    25. White Sox, who had abandoned all hope for their season

      Hyperbole humorously emphasizes the failures of the White Sox

    26. Now he has sights on Ricardo Rincon,

      Implied Metaphor. Tenor: Billy's attention. Vehicle: a marksman's scope. Ground: unwavering focus, military precision.

    1. Plenty has happened since then. The child is now a cryptic wizard and the cad has been broken down and rebuilt

      hi dear

    1. Harvesting Poverty; The Rigged Trade Game
    2. Despite widespread worries about their ability to compete, Filipinos bought the theory that their farmers' lack of good transportation and high technology would be balanced out by their cheap labor. The government predicted that access to world markets would create a net gain of a half-million farming jobs a year, and improve the country's trade balance.It didn't happen. Small-scale farmers across the Philippine archipelago have discovered that their competitors in places like the United States or Europe do not simply have better seeds, fertilizers and equipment. Their products are also often protected by high tariffs, or underwritten by massive farm subsidies that make them artificially cheap. No matter how small a wage Filipino workers are willing to accept, they cannot compete with agribusinesses afloat on billions of dollars in government welfare.
    1. Minutes later a second suicide blast shattered the Sunday brunch tranquillity at the Shangri-La Hotel’s Table One Restaurant, a favorite of foreign tourists.

      This is devastating!

    2. The death toll in the attacks rose to 290, with about 500 people wounded, a police spokesman, Ruwan Gunasekera, said, although he would not give a breakdown of where the fatalities occurred. The finance minister, Mangala Samaraweera, called the attacks “a well-coordinated attempt to create murder, mayhem and anarchy.”

      This is so incredibly sad!

    3. the exact moment when the first suicide bomber’s explosion ripped through the wooden pews as Easter Sunday worshipers were praying.

      How can someone do this especially on a holiday where families come together.

    4. Within a few hours on Sunday, suicide bombings hit three Christian churches and three upscale hotels in the Indian Ocean island nation of Sri Lanka, still recovering from a quarter-century civil war in which the suicide bomb was pioneered.

      Its sad that it was even one church but three is very devastating.

    5. The clock hands on the steeple of St. Anthony’s Shrine were stuck at 8:45 a.m., the exact moment when the first suicide bomber’s explosion ripped through the wooden pews as Easter Sunday worshipers were praying.

      This is devastating

    6. the police said at least 13 people had been arrested in connection with the attacks in the capital

      The last article said 23?

    7. The death toll in the attacks rose to 290, with about 500 people wounded

      This is so sad

    8. For years, as Sri Lanka has climbed away from war, it has been building a robust tourism industry.

      It's sad to hear that they were trying to get away from it but just can't seem to.

    9. The clock hands on the steeple of St. Anthony’s Shrine were stuck at 8:45 a.m., the exact moment when the first suicide bomber’s explosion ripped through the wooden pews as Easter Sunday worshipers were praying.

      Horrible. For a religion that's about peace this is devastating.

    1. Facebook said on Wednesday that it expected to be fined up to $5 billion by the Federal Trade Commission for privacy violations. The penalty would be a record by the agency against a technology company and a sign that the United States was willing to punish big tech companies.

      This is where surveillance capitalism brings you.

      Sure, five billion American Dollars won't make much of a difference to Facebook, but it's notable.

    1. Being seen with a subsidized meal, he said, “lowers your status.” Advertisement Continue reading the main story

      students rather skip meals

    2. possibility of introducing cashless cafeterias where all students are offered the same food choices and use debit cards or punch in codes on a keypad so that all students check out at the cashier in the same manner.

      viable technical solution

    1. The proposed commitments are part of negotiations between the agency and Facebook to settle privacy violations. Both have been talking for months over claims that Facebook violated a 2011 privacy consent de

      test

    1. The furor over Sacco’s tweet had become not just an ideological crusade against her perceived bigotry but also a form of idle entertainment.

      here's an annotation

    1. The online network of maps is distinct from most scholarly endeavors in another respect: It is communal. The traditional model of the solitary humanities professor, toiling away in an archive or spending years composing a philosophical treatise or historical opus is replaced in this project with contributions from a global community of experts.

      With the ability to work online, simultaneously, and around the world, the amount of expertise and knowledge that can be applied to research or a project is incredible. New information can be gathered in a much faster and concise way, and new perspectives provide insight into perplexing topics and ideas that were overlooked or disregarded previously.

    2. These researchers are digitally mapping Civil War battlefields to understand what role topography played in victory, using databases of thousands of jam sessions to track how musical collaborations influenced jazz, searching through large numbers of scientific texts and books to track where concepts first appeared and how they spread, and combining animation, charts and primary documents about Thomas Jefferson’s travels to create new ways to teach history.

      The use of technology to apply historical information to digital forms offers a chance for new ways to learn and that is amazing. The ability to manipulate a topographical map could lead to new understandings of different wars thus leading to the new teachings of history. The use of databases allows musicians to explore the different cultural influences in music without having to travel to experience it. The use of technologies offers teachers the ability to teach students about the different aspects of the world without having to strictly rely on a textbook to supply the information.

    3. “It’s easy to forget the digital media are means and not ends,”

      The possibilities within the field of digital humanities seem endless, however few examples of how it has assisted with learning and understanding are actually noted in this article. The ability to share information and exchange ideas can advance so many fields. The idea that digital media are means to an end is a short-sighted view that does not fully encompass the full range of possibilities. Pushing towards new ideas is how research advances. In a digital age it only makes sense that other areas are beginning to digitize.

    4. He offered the human genome project as an example of how an area of study can be transformed: “Technology hasn’t just made astronomy, biology and physics more efficient. It has let scientists do research they simply couldn’t do before.”

      These advanced have progressed medicine and sciences so far it's incredible. Think of all of the treatments and research data we never would've had without these advancements and technologies. Hundreds of thousands of lives have been saved or qualities of life improved due to technology and it's only going to keep going.

    5. No one person could digest the work’s enormous amount of material, and no single printing could render it accurately, so Mr. Foys created a prize-winning digital version with commentary that scholars could scroll through.

      It is absolutely INSANE that they were able to digitally map a 224 feet long, 11th century tapestry so that scholars could scroll through it and study it. I cannot wrap my brain around this, it's just something I never thought people would do or even could do. This fact has opened my eyes quite a bit.

    6. “I’m a believer in quantification. But I don’t believe quantification can do everything. So much of humanistic scholarship is about interpretation.”

      It is cool that technology helps to quantify the elements of the humanities that can be quantified, while still letting it retain the interpretaition that makes conversations in the subject so diverse.

    7. We have a whole new set of tools not dominated by the written word

      It is amazing that you can have visual data to learn more about eras that we were never able to experiance with pictures, or quickly see a map of a world that we will never know.

    8. using powerful technologies and vast stores of digitized materials that previous humanities scholars did not have.

      Libraries will never go out of style, and there is nothing quite like curling up in your favourite cozy spot, be it the beach or a recliner by the fireplace, and escaping into a good book. However, having access to a multitude of peer reviewed research articles at the tips of your fingers makes a world of difference, especially to students. As a working single Mom, having the ability to tuck my kid in at night and sit down to look up resources has made education much more accessible. For young students juggling jobs and school, I am sure this is an invaluable tool as well.

    9. i would love to see this.

    10. Figuring out how to collect, house and connect more than 350 years of scholarship motivated Martin K. Foys, a medievalist at Drew University in Madison, N.J., to create a digital map of the Bayeux Tapestry, a gargantuan 11th-century embroidery displayed in a museum in Bayeux, France, that depicts the Battle of Hastings, when the Normans conquered England. At 224 feet long, about two-thirds the length of a football field, this tapestry is both a work of art and a historical document that mingles text and image

      I would love to see this! I wonder how long it took to create?

    11. “People will use this data in ways we can’t even imagine yet,” Mr. Stowell said, “and I think that is one of the most exciting developments in the humanities.”

      it is so exciting and makes me wonder what type of environment and economy the future generations are going to live in.

    1. Ever since Simone de Beauvoir quipped in 1949 that one is not born a woman, but becomes one, feminists have been discussing the implications of understanding gender as a cultural construct.

      brings in some history

    2. Who counts as a woman? Is there some set of core experiences distinctive of womanhood, some shared set of adventures and exploits that every woman will encounter on her journey from diapers to the grave?

      Interesting how the start of the piece begins with a question.

    1. The two shootings were separated by seven days and more than 1,500 miles, but the details seemed eerily familiar: When a gunman charged into a classroom, a student went barreling toward him, preventing more bloodshed while sacrificing his life.

      This is interesting.

    1. push many Americans into the middle class and beyond

      Not really student loans are a giant anchor around the neck for people who can't pay out of pocket, and its only really the american colleges that do this basically the world over has either free college or colleges that cost 1/4 as much and still teach the same material

    2. The

      The graph above is extremely hard to read and i'm pretty sure they purposely make it hard to read

    3. More recently, these universities have seemed to struggle, with unprepared students, squeezed budgets and high dropout rates. To some New Yorkers, “City College” is now mostly a byword for nostalgia.

      It seems that in a modern society, the working classs is becoming more reluctant to go to college for the weak payoff of hard work and would rather go straight into working, as it saves time and accumulates money faster.

    1. interesting story about how this guy, who did play football professionally, would like math teachers to take a few points from football coaches.

      good for the overall sentiment and the individual interest & inspiration

    1. Let’s Ban Porn

      Ha.

    2. porn literacy

      It's notable that the porn literacy class featured in the aforementioned profile at one point essentially descends into literal fear-factor comparisons, replete with odd specificity suspiciously reminiscent of urbandictionary. This attempt at exposing porn's dark underbelly (which is certainly a lot darker than bad smells) falls flat. It often seems in such discussions that there is no sympathy towards performers or broader understanding of structural issues, instead just moralizing about how "porn isn't real."

    3. explaining to young people whose sexual coming-of-age is being mediated by watching online gangbangs that actually hard-core pornography is not an appropriate guide to how the sexes should relate

      I think by and large, this is neither a tricky thing to explain, nor something which needs to be explained to most kids.

      I think what needs to be explained is more complicated. There is an obvious way in which porn is a hyperreal performance of sex, but I think this line obscures a number of things. Most teenagers (I imagine) are aware that porn is not naturalistic documentary. I think the insistence on calling porn fake (in the sense of "augmented breasts aren't real") can instead hide from them the complexities of what they want from the world and what they can expect to find in it. I believe that all sorts of messages are hidden and condensed in this dismissal.

      There's also the sense of saying "porn isn't real" which is followed by a "she's faking it." The truth is more complicated. By their own off-screen admissions (but does the performance ever truly end for such workers?), porn stars orgasm on set. Conversely, many women who privately have sex because they enjoy it (literal amateurs) fake their orgasms. Sometimes, they even do this for their own pleasure. This is the "truth" behind "real" sex: there's always some degree of performance going on.

      Finally, saying "porn isn't real" makes it easier to forget that the performers are real people working for a paycheck, which might reinforce a kind of madonna / whore dichotomy.

    4. post-sexual revolution liberalism

      I don't think that added up to much.

    5. Compared to those idealists, the people teaching “porn literacy” have accepted a sweeping pedagogical defeat

      Douthat here reminds me of abstinence-only sex ed, or other moralistic approaches to public health (unsurprisingly, as this is exactly one of those): a refusal to honestly reflect on how the world is and how it might be changed. Proponents of abstinence-only sexual education must prefer high teenage pregnancy rates and STI transmission to facing the fact that teens will have sex, since it has been shown again and again that these are the consistent consequences of such policies.

      Policy must be based on what is possible and what works.

    6. the world that porn has made

      Not to be "undialectical" (a meaningless word which should never be used again, especially online), but this world has made porn. And no, I'm not denying that porn is a strong cultural and even pedagogical force, and yes, that this force in turn shapes the world. But the idea that this has corrupted or warped the politics of gender and (having) sex is wrong. I find it useful to compare it to social media. Facebook was originally created to rate college women on attractiveness. Instagram whips up intense body image issues. Both are used as new avenues of wanted and unwanted sexual contact. But it is foolish to think that we are now living in an age of social media sexuality where teens are shitty to each other and themselves because they're addicted to their phones. Just because these new technologies open up channels never before seen with unsavory consequences does not mean that they are somehow a driving or determining force themselves. It's easy to think so, if, like Houthat, you're a social conservative without an ideological framework for the long history (literally history) of gender-based violence (an almost redundant phrase). Once such an underlying social system (let's loosely call it patriarchy here) is identified, one can start to imagine different worlds with different internets and different porn.

    7. But we are supposed to be in the midst of a great sexual reassessment, a clearing-out of assumptions that serve misogyny and impose bad sex on semi-willing women

      Wouldn't that be nice! While there seems to be advances in strengthening institutional grievance procedures for victims of sexual harassment, and a greater pop culture awareness of how often such procedures fail, it is at best naïvely optimistic to think that there is some kind of great upheaval which is overturning sexism and gender-based violence.

    8. the failure of the Dworkin-Falwell alliance’s predictions that porn would lead to rising rates of rape

      Porn as human rights violation has been swapped out with porn as a public health crisis, more below.

    9. porn addiction

      Houthat is being intentionally slippery here. Is "porn addiction" just a rhetorical flourish, like saying "I'm addicted to Olive Garden's breadsticks?" Or is it a way of labeling a kind of habitual ubiquity, the one might (but probably wouldn't) talk about being "addicted to music streaming services?"

      What he most likely meant (likely while also having the alibi of speaking idiomatically) was the semi-recent recasting of compulsive sexual behavior and problematic porn use as sex and porn addiction, respectively.

      This has essentially been a Utah-centered LDS-driven medicalization of the same tired moralist myths.

    10. #MeToo movement that’s interested in discussing sexual unhappiness and not just sexual harassment clearly wants to talk about pornography

      There are, and have been, #MeToo "moments" within porn. Unsurprisingly, the industry is not without sexual harassment and abuse. And, for what it's worth, the industry is a lot less horrific than it was 15-20 years ago.

    11. millennial sex is a joyless mimetic spamming of half-remembered porn tropes

      I think we can speak of a pop culture notion of what "sex involves." This is definitely hazy, and varies from person to person, but leads to funny conclusions like "lesbians don't count" or "I did not have sexual relations with that woman."

      I like to boil things down to kissing. The vast majority of people have an idea of "how kissing is done." Maybe they have some consciousness of how this idea is informed by what they believe is some kind of social average of mouth movements. But there is some idea of what the rules of the game are. Sticking your tongue up someone's nose is not kissing!

      These ideas of what sex is are not new. What is new is popular awareness and increased mimetic transmission. What would be awkward and confusing 50 years ago is awkward and tweetable today. We still lack a robust ars erotica.

    12. the ubiquity of female sexual unhappiness and pain

      This isn't new, and while porn isn't either, this isn't from porn.

    13. especially from that porn standby, anal sex)

      To return to an earlier point, yet another way "porn isn't real" does a pedagogical disservice is in the sense of "that's not really how bodies are supposed to work." I am all too aware that many porn performances are essentially olympian, and require training and genetic luck. But there is a kind of creep to decrying whichever acts as superhuman, especially when they are coded as deviant — the idea that this is against the rules of what a body is "supposed" to do. This then often gets reflected into the idea that for mortal women (or whomever, but moralizers prefer imaginary women to rescue) on the ground, these practices (e.g. anal sex) cannot be done without substantial pain and sacrifice, and that these tricks on screen shouldn't be tried at home. Or else there's the idea that it's not a trick, it actually does hurt, and that this is what Men really want: Women's pain. There's lots of pearl-clutching about how mainstream porn is incorporating more and more deviant acts which strain the limits of the body, the mind, and human decency. Never mind that these practices have existed for decades in gay porn, and are widely practiced by real, happy-enough people.

    14. In many of them, you see a kind of female revulsion, not against Harvey Weinstein-style apex predators, but against the very different sort of male personality that a pornographic education seems to produce: a breed at once entitled and resentful, angry and undermotivated, “woke” and caddish, shaped by unprecedented possibilities for sexual gratification and frustrated that real women are less available and more complicated than the version on their screen.

      Again, hard to get a historical account from this, and my personal experience doesn't go back that far, but from what I can tell, this male awfulness is not new, and is not a consequence of the mass availability of porn. Perhaps there is some common factor behind both…

    15. Such men would exist without industrial-scale porn, but porn selects for them, as it selects for a romantic landscape like our own: ever-more-liberated and ever-less-erotic, trending Japan-ward in its gulf between the sexes, with marriage and children and sex itself in shared decline.

      I just do not find this argument coherent, never mind credible.

    16. something made and distributed and sold, and therefore subject to regulation and restriction if we so desire.

      Remember the abject failure of the drug war to meet its (ostensible) goals?

      Ok, now put that on the internet.

    17. the belief that it cannot be censored is a superstition.

      I'm curious how Houthat comes to this conclusion. Other countries ban porn, or "censor" it in some other way, and yet it persists.

    18. quested after in dark corners

      Already-existing "dark corners" are far closer and brighter than Houthat imagines, and quests into them have a low barrier of entry and an often lucrative return.

    19. That we cannot imagine such censorship is part of our larger inability to imagine any escape from the online world’s immersive power, even as we harbor growing doubts about its influence upon our psyches.

      I am sympathetic to this line, but it is yet another "truncated critique" of our world. He recognizes that we live in a spectacle, a world whose immersive power comes from us but dominates us. Here, it's easy to make the internet the scapegoat as some runaway process which takes all the modern power we seem to have and uses it against us. However, as mentioned earlier, it is not hard to imagine a different internet. What is harder to imagine is an exit from the world of commodities, of work, and an end to the law of value.

    20. It is not only decency but eros itself that waits to be regained.

      🙄

    1. “Now, parents, please: Go!”

      this is what they did at the SFSU orinetation. isntead of having the parents leave, they had us leave and tour and also choose our classes. the parents were forced to listen to a 5 hour long speech.

    2. “They sure are!” I chirped back, learning via the cues of my hallmates that I was supposed to want my family gone.

      THis piece is very interesting. the confidence exuberated by the authot is remarkable as most students would be embarassed beyond belief.

    3. My mom laughed for real this time and said, “Mamita, you don’t really have a choice.”She didn’t say this in a mean way. She was just telling me the truth.

      Its very crucial that the message was received in the correct context. This situation could spiral out of control if the child did not udnerstand what their mom meant by "you don't have a choice" while being abandoned for college.