2,821 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. six simultaneous experiments

      Writing Standard (W.7)

      Conduct research projects to answer questions. The authors use six experiments to receive accurate data.

  2. Feb 2024
    1. You cannot claim a credit for education expenses paid with tax-free funds. You must reduce the amount of expenses paid with tax-free grants, scholarships and fellowships and other tax-free education help.

      What are tax-free funds? Are fellowship / tuition for grad students paid by faculty grants counted as tax free?

    1. Qualified education expenses paid on behalf of the student by someone other than the student (such as a relative) are treated as paid by the student.

      Does Tuition paid for graduate students by the professor (from research grants) count as a third party?

    1. T. Herlau, "Moral Reinforcement Learning Using Actual Causation," 2022 2nd International Conference on Computer, Control and Robotics (ICCCR), Shanghai, China, 2022, pp. 179-185, doi: 10.1109/ICCCR54399.2022.9790262. keywords: {Digital control;Ethics;Costs;Philosophical considerations;Toy manufacturing industry;Reinforcement learning;Forestry;Causality;Reinforcement learning;Actual Causation;Ethical reinforcement learning}

    1. Assigning credits to learning outcomes allows for the accumulationof units of learning and provides for transferability from one setting to another forvalidation and recognition. Interviewees representing countries in which VETsystems are modularised indicated that modules are designed to indicate a set oflearning outcomes that are expressed in terms of credits. The interviewees fromnational authorities and VET providers commonly agreed that the introduction ofmodular structures in VET and the application of a learning outcomes-basedapproach was set to provide more individualised training paths, enabling accessand progression for learners.

      Align Learning Outcomes to Credits (key for meaningful unbundling/bundling)

    2. The European approach to microcredentials(European Commission, 2020a) also highlights the importance of clearly definedlearning outcomes as a way to promote overall transparency and provide detailedinformation regarding what a learner is expected to know and is able to do

      Purpose of Learning Outcomes

    1. Curiosity As A Fuel For Learning And Innovation

      The post explores the role of curiosity in learning and innovation. Highlighting how curiosity can drive exploration, learning. And ultimately lead to innovation in various fields.

    2. Curiosity As A Fuel For Learning And Innovation
      • Who: The author, Takhar, who has a natural disposition for curiosity. And a tendency to take apart devices to study their components.
      • What: The author shares personal experiences of taking apart devices and trying to modify software, highlighting the importance of curiosity in learning and innovation.
      • Where: The experiences mentioned in the post take place in various locations where the author had access to devices to study and modify.
      • Why: The author discusses the nature of curiosity, how it evolves from childhood to adulthood, and its importance in individual growth and evolution, as well as in the processes of learning and innovation.
      • When: The post does not specify specific timeframes for the experiences mentioned, but it discusses the evolution of curiosity from childhood to adulthood.
      • How: The author explores the concept of curiosity. Including its role in learning and innovation. And shares personal anecdotes. To illustrate the impact of curiosity on exploring the unknown and acquiring knowledge.
    1. The alternative approach to image classification uses machine-learning techniques to identify targeted content. This is currently the best way to filter video, and usually the best way to filter text. The provider first trains a machine-learning model with image sets containing both innocuous and target content. This model is then used to scan pictures uploaded by users. Unlike perceptual hashing, which detects only photos that are similar to known target photos, machine-learning models can detect completely new images of the type on which they were trained.

      Machine learning for content scanning

    1. Time for reasoned response

      Some learning objectives require time for reasoned reflection; others require the ability to speak/discuss extemporaneously. Keep that in mind when deciding what tool to use. :)

    1. English Education

      The post discusses the major problems with English education in Turkish society. Focusing on the reliance on grammar-based teaching, lack of exposure to the language, and the need for teachers to motivate students.

    2. English Education
      • Who: The author, TeachBlogger, a citizen of Turkey working as an English teacher in Izmir, Turkey.
      • What: Discussing the major problems in English education in Turkish society.
      • Where: Turkey, specifically Izmir.
      • Why: To address the difficulties faced by Turkish people in globalizing and expressing themselves in English.
      • How: The author discusses the problems with grammar-based teaching, lack of exposure to the language, unawareness of opportunities, and the importance of motivation in teaching English. They also mention their own teaching methods and experiences to motivate students.
    1. innovative and Creative teacher

      This post discusses the importance of teachers being innovative and creative. In order to engage students and promote effective learning in the classroom. It provides tips and strategies for teachers to implement new teaching methods and materials.

    2. innovative and Creative teacher
      • Who: Teachers or educators.
      • What: Encouraging teachers to be innovative and creative in their teaching methods.
      • Where: In the classroom.
      • Why: To motivate and engage students and achieve good learning outcomes.
      • When: Ongoing in today's education system.
      • How: By seeking new strategies, tools, and materials, implementing changes, being positive and open to new ideas, collaborating with colleagues, and creating dynamic and interactive classroom environments.
    1. Illuminating Young Minds

      The post is about the author's experience as a tutor during the summer. Highlighting their interactions with young students and the transformative power of education.

    2. Illuminating Young Minds

      Who: The author (Jufel), who is a tutor, and young students. - What: The author's experience as a tutor during the summer, guiding and nurturing young minds through learning. - Where: Lapu-Lapu City, Cebu, which is 3 hours away from the author's hometown. - Why: The author embarked on this tutoring adventure to fulfill their role as a tutor and make a positive impact on the young students' lives. - When: The tutoring experience took place during the summer. - How: The author created a stimulating learning environment, tailored their teaching methods to each student's needs, and used visual aids to facilitate effective studying. They also showed patience, celebrated mistakes as learning opportunities, and fostered a passion for learning. The author's teaching methods resulted in the transformation of the students' reading and writing skills, as well as their confidence and eagerness to learn.

    1. best Hive Learning Community

      Who: Zulay Pulido (AKA Libre Pensadora), The Terminal community, @xcountytravelers, @brittandjosie, @justclickindiva, @thekittygirl, @drakernoise, @derekrichardson, @wesphilbin, @jamerussell, @theterminal. - What: Zulay Pulido's participation in the Pimp Your Community (PYC) Contest, promoting The Terminal community on Hive. - Why: To promote and highlight the benefits and activities of The Terminal community on Hive. - When: Friday, May 29, 2020. - How: Zulay Pulido writes an article describing the activities and benefits of The Terminal community. Including: - their support for newcomers, - monthly contests, - efficient healing work, - creation of innovative activities and well-rewarded contests, - information about Hive and Discord, - inclusive and patient support for all members.

      She invites interested individuals to join The Terminal on Hive.

    2. best Hive Learning Community

      This post is a recommendation and overview of the Hive community called "The Terminal". Highlighting its support and teaching services for newcomers to the blockchain.

    1. https://web.archive.org/web/20240202060134/https://andymatuschak.org/books/

      Books and lectures are transmissionism (I'd say for historical reasons mostly). Engagement (different forms) is needed, but what form of medium would drive such engagement and do it flexibly is the hard question. (Seeing lecture as warm-up to engagement is a rationalisation afterwards, textbooks already do more but lack emotional and social scaffolding.) This is the research question behind his [[Timeful Texts 20201124070427]]. There's also a connection to my [[Boeken schrijven is flauwekul 20210930172532]] because the distrust in author's motives is that they don't even aim for transmissionism. Just the pretension of it.

  3. Jan 2024
    1. Knowledge of Hive Blockchain

      The post discusses the importance of gaining a sound knowledge of the Hive blockchain. In order to keep up with the direction of finance and currency in the world. Also, outlines the author's goals for learning and exploring various aspects of the blockchain.

    2. Knowledge of Hive Blockchain
      • Who: The author of the post, Monica-ene.
      • What: Seeking a sound knowledge of the Hive blockchain for their goals in the year 2024.
      • Why: To keep up with the direction of finance and currency of the world, and to navigate the Hive blockchain effectively.
      • When: The year 2024.
      • How: By seeking a quality guide, participating in the #hivelearners community, and actively engaging in crypto spaces.
    1. Interact, Learn and Grow

      The post is about the author's design for a banner celebrating the Hive Learner community reaching 5,000 members, expressing their gratitude for the positive impact the community has had on their growth and learning on the Hive blockchain.

    2. HL Banner Design

      Interact, Learn, and Grow

      • Who: The author, George Dee.
      • What: Designing a banner to celebrate Hive Learner reaching 5k members.
      • Why: The author wanted to create a design that represents the Hive Learners community and its impact on its members.
      • When: The design was created after the community reached 5k members.
      • How: The author used Canva App to design the banner and incorporated the HL logo, academic cap and scroll, and graphical representation of the words "Interact, Learn, and Grow".
    1. book aims of education

      for - book - Aims of Education

      Followup - book - Aims of Education - author: Alfred North Whitehead - a collection of papers and thoughts on the critical role of education in determining the future course of civilization

      epiphany - adjacency between - Lifework and evolutionary nature of the individual - - people-centered Indyweb -- Alfred North Whitehead's ideas and life history - adjacency statement - Listening to the narrator speaking about Whitehead's work from a historical perspective brought up the association with the Indyweb's people-centered design - This is especially salient given that Whitehead felt education played such a critical role in determining the future course of humanity - If Whitehead were alive, he would likely appreciate the Indyweb design because it is based on the human being as a process rather than a static entity, - hence renaming human being to human INTERbeCOMing, a noun replaced by a verb - Indyweb's people-centered design and default temporal, time-date recording of ideas as they occur provides inherent traceability to the evolution of an individual's consciousness - Furthermore, since it is not only people-centered but also INTERPERSONAL, we can trace the evolution of ideas within a social network. - Since individual and collective intelligence are both evolutionary and intertwingled, they are both foundational in Indyweb's design ethos. - In particular, Indyweb frames the important evolutionary process of - having a conversation with your old self - as a key aspect of the evolutionary growth of the individual's consciousness

    1. Learning from the learning place

      This post discusses the value of both independent learning and learning under guided tutelage, emphasizing the importance of a balanced approach. It also encourages individuals not to compare their progress to others and to trust in God's timing for their own journey.

    2. Learning from the learning place
      • Who: The author of the post (@themesiah).
      • What: Discussing the importance of both independent learning and learning in a supervised environment for entrepreneurs.
      • Why: To emphasize the benefits of a combination of independent learning and mentorship for entrepreneurs.
      • How: The author explains the advantages of both independent learning and mentorship, and encourages readers to find a balance between the two.
    1. Making Learning Fun

      This post discusses a teacher's use of improvisation and hands-on activities to make learning fun for students, specifically through a science activity where students create a model of the lungs using plastic bottles and balloons.

    2. Making Learning Fun
      • Who: The author (@pinkchic), who is a teacher, and the students.
      • What: Making learning fun through improvisation and conducting a science activity.
      • Where: In a public school classroom.
      • Why: To improve the students' academic performance and help them understand concepts.
      • When: The author conducted the activity during the first period of the school day.
      • How: The author used improvised materials to create a model representing the respiratory system, and the students worked in groups to complete the task. The author also emphasized the importance of recording observations and answering guide questions.
    1. English Unit Learning Worksheets

      This blog post discusses the author's experience teaching her young son English through various learning activities and worksheets focused on the autumn season.

    2. English Unit Learning Worksheets
      • Who: The author, MissDeli, and her son Caleb.
      • What: Learning activities and worksheets for English language learning.
      • Where: Romania.
      • Why: To improve Caleb's English language skills.
      • When: The author has been working with Caleb since he was very young and continues to do so.
      • How: By using resources such as cartoons, books, and worksheets, and by paying attention to Caleb's learning capacity and interests.
    1. My Introductory Post To The Hive Learner Community

      In this post, the author introduces themselves to the Hive Learner community, sharing information about their education, skills, hobbies, and their attraction to the Hive blockchain. They also express their commitment to supporting and contributing to the growth of the community.

    2. My Introductory Post To The Hive Learner Community
      • Who: The author, ogungbuyi kayode, also known as @heskay.
      • What: The author's introductory post to the Hive Learner Community on Shrewdies.com.
      • Where: The author is from Ekiti state, Ikole town, Nigeria.
      • Why: The author joined the community to participate in community activities and help it grow. They were attracted to the Hive blockchain after receiving their first payout and wanted to make new friends and learn from different people.
      • How: The author introduced themselves, shared their education and skills (student of animal science, learning about cryptocurrency), hobbies and work (football, video games, research, cryptocurrency business), what attracted them to Hive (earning a payout, making new friends, learning), and their contributions to the Hive blockchain (supporting the community). They also mentioned how they learned about Hive through friends and mentioned specific users who helped them.

      This post discusses the importance of unity, love, respect, and preparation, using ants as a role model, in order to achieve success in life.

      • Who: The author (West Africa Curation), @oxygen02 (illustration), and the Ants.
      • What: Learning from the Ants' love, unity, respect, and preparation.
      • Where: Africa.
      • Why: To achieve greater things in life
      • How: By observing and emulating the Ants' behavior and characteristics.
    1. lifelong learner

      The post is about a person named Walid who is new to the platform and wants to learn about cryptocurrency and improve himself through learning and taking risks.

    2. lifelong learner
      • Who: Walid from Algeria
      • What: Introducing himself and sharing his goal to learn about cryptocurrency and improve his English.
      • Why: To share his life and knowledge with others and to learn from them.
      • When: Currently, as he is new to the platform
      • How: By actively seeking opportunities for improvement, taking risks, and reading self-help books.
    1. Learn How to Trade

      This Shrewdies.com post is the final entry in a series about the author's journey to learn how to trade. It provides a summary of their trading progress in June 2023, discusses lessons learned, and shares some trading strategies and insights. The author concludes that trading is still a hobby for them.

    2. Learn How to Trade
      • Who: The author of the post (@adamada)
      • What: The author's final entry in their trading journal, summarizing their progress and lessons learned from trading
      • Why: The author wants to track their progress in trading and see if they can become proficient at it.
      • When: June 2023
      • How: The author shares their trading statistics, insights, and lessons learned from their trading experience.
    1. Learning and Language

      The core theme of this Shrewdies.com post is the importance of language in the learning process, particularly in the context of Nigeria where multiple languages are spoken. The post emphasizes that teachers must understand and utilize the language that learners are familiar with in order to facilitate effective learning.

    2. Learning and Language
      • Who: The author (@estherekanem), teachers, learners
      • What: Learning and language, barriers to learning, the nature of languages
      • Where: Nigeria
      • Why: To discuss the importance of language in learning and the national policy on education in Nigeria
      • How: By emphasizing the inseparable relationship between learning and language, discussing the different languages spoken in Nigeria, explaining the nature of languages, and highlighting the need for teachers to understand and use the language that learners are familiar with.
    1. Learning Methods

      Razan Salah discusses the concept of learning methods and explores different types of learning methods such as discovery learning, collaborative learning, and self-learning.

    2. Learning Methods

      Who: Razan Salah - What: This post discusses the concept of learning methods and the different types of learning methods. - Where: The post can be found on Shrewdies.com. - Why: The post aims to provide information about learning methods and their importance in the process of acquiring knowledge and skills. - How: The post explains that learning methods are personal educational methods used by individuals to acquire information, skills, and knowledge. It discusses three types of learning methods: learning about discovery, collaborative learning, and self-learning. It provides descriptions and examples of each type of learning method.

    1. Nothing Is Permanent

      This post discusses the importance of adapting to the temporary nature of things in order to find happiness and emotional stability in life.

    2. Nothing Is Permanent
      • Who: The author (@zous) and readers of the post.
      • What: Learning how to adapt to the temporary nature of things in life.
      • Why: To emphasize the importance of adapting to impermanence in order to find happiness and maintain emotional well-being.
      • How: By accepting and adapting to the temporary nature of relationships, objects, and circumstances, and by becoming stronger and learning to deal with life's problems.
    1. adapt your teaching methods

      This post discusses strategies for adapting teaching methods to meet the unique needs of learners with disabilities, including understanding individual needs, using a variety of teaching methods, incorporating technology, creating an inclusive environment, implementing positive behavior support, and being flexible.

    2. adapt your teaching methods
      • Who: Teachers, learners with disabilities
      • What: Adapting teaching methods for learners with disabilities
      • Where: Classroom
      • Why: To meet the unique needs of learners with disabilities and create an inclusive and accessible learning environment
      • When: Ongoing
      • How:
        • Understand the specific needs of each individual learner with a disability
        • Use a variety of teaching methods to accommodate different learning styles
        • Use technology to support learning
        • Make adjustments to the physical environment of the classroom
        • Provide accommodations and modifications to the curriculum
        • Create an inclusive classroom
        • Incorporate positive behavior support
        • Be flexible and open to change
    1. This is why choosing an external system that forces us todeliberate practice and confronts us as much as possible with ourlack of understanding or not-yet-learned information is such a smartmove.

      Choosing an external system for knowledge keeping and production forces the learner into a deliberate practice and confronts them with their lack of understanding. This is a large part of the underlying value not only of the zettelkasten, but of the use of a commonplace book which Benjamin Franklin was getting at when recommending that one "read with a pen in your hand". The external system also creates a modality shift from reading to writing by way of thinking which further underlines the value.

      What other building blocks are present in addition to: - modality shift - deliberate practice - confrontation of lack of understanding

      Are there other systems that do all of these as well as others simultaneously?

      link to Franklin quote: https://hypothes.is/a/HZeDKI3YEeyj9GcNWKX4iA

    1. Blog: A Learner's Guide

      This post is a learner's guide to blogging, explaining what a blog is, its advantages such as running campaigns, making money, and socializing, and how it can help improve one's expertise and skills. It also includes a mention of another blog post about the challenges of blogging in a difficult environment.

    2. Blog: A Learner's Guide
      • Who: The author of the post, @mrenglish
      • What: The post is a guide for beginners on blogging and discusses the definition and advantages of blogs.
      • Why: The post is submitted to @clixmoney's weekly DCC tag contest focused on blogs and blogging.
      • When: The post was published recently, as it mentions the current political transition in Nigeria.
      • How: The author explains what a blog is, the difference between a blog and a website, the advantages of having a blog (such as running campaigns, making money, running a business, and socializing), and how blogging can help improve one's expertise. The author also promotes another user's blog post and includes an excerpt from it.
    1. Learning How To Make Arrabiata

      Discusses Chan-Sakada Om's day without their mom and sister, their new resizable ring, and their experience learning to make the dish Arrabiata.

    2. Learning How To Make Arrabiata
      • Who: The author (Chan-Sakada Om), her mom, her sister, and her dad.
      • What: The author is sharing about her day without her mom and sister, learning to make a dish called Arrabiata, and buying a resizable ring for their mom.
      • Where: The author's home and Phnom Penh
      • Why: The mom went to Phnom Penh to get her teeth fixed, the sister got vaccinated, and the author wanted to share their experiences and thoughts
      • When: The mom will be returning home tomorrow, and the author mentions the water festival happening tomorrow
      • How: The author learned to make Arrabiata with their dad's help and made mistakes but was saved by their dad. They also bought a resizable ring for their mom.
    1. Group Investigation

      ALFYD (@affiedalfayed) discusses the learning strategy called "Group Investigation" and how it can be applied in the classroom to encourage collaborative and independent learning among students. The post outlines the steps involved in implementing this strategy.

    2. Group Investigation

      Who: The post is written by ALFYD (@affiedalfayed), who is a teacher and writer.

      What: The post discusses a learning strategy called "Group Investigation" and provides tips for teachers on how to implement it in the classroom.

      Why: The purpose of the post is to provide educators with information and guidance on how to use the Group Investigation learning strategy to promote collaborative and independent learning among students.

      How: The post explains the steps involved in implementing the Group Investigation learning strategy in the classroom, including selecting sub-topics, forming groups, planning, conducting investigations, evaluating information, and presenting results. The post also highlights the role of the teacher as a facilitator in the learning process.

    1. Teaching and Establishing Boundaries

      @pinkchic discusses her experience as a teacher and the importance of establishing boundaries in the classroom to create a positive and effective learning environment.

    2. Teaching and Establishing Boundaries

      Who: The author @pinkchic, who is a teacher.

      What: Reflecting on their experiences in teaching and establishing boundaries.

      Where: In a classroom and in their own personal experiences.

      Why: To share personal experiences and insights about teaching and establishing boundaries.

      When: During the author's teaching career, including their experiences in a private school and a government institution.

      How: The author discusses their experiences, including setting restrictions and rules, creating a well-equipped instructional environment, allowing students to choose their own rules, and using strategies like assigning tasks or creating a reading corner for discipline. They also mention the "Bulls Attitude Corner" as a reflection of their teaching approach.

    1. You know XGBoost, but do you know NGBoost? I'd passed over this one, mentioned to me by someone wanting confidence intervals in their classification models. This could be an interesting paper to add to the ML curriculum.

    1. Everything that I learn, I learn for a particular task, and once it’s done, I immediately forget it, so that if ten years later, I have to—and this gives me great joy—if I have to get involved with something close to or directly within the same subject, I would have to start again from zero, except in certain very rare cases... (The ABC Primer)

      I'm definitely not like this and suspect that most people are not either.

    1. learn to work with others

      What: A comment on Learning To Work With Others. Agreeing with the importance of learning to work with others and the consequences of not doing so.

      Why: To highlight the significance of collaborating with others and the negative outcomes of failing to do so.

      How: The comment explains that by not learning to work with others, people can upset others and frustrate themselves, emphasizing the importance of this lesson in life.

    1. Life lessons

      happycrazycon discusses the importance of learning to work with others and acknowledges that life lessons cannot be avoided.

    2. learn this

      Who: The author of the post (happycrazycon) and the person they are replying to (Jadeline)

      What: The author acknowledging the need to learn how to work with others and commenting on the inevitability of life lessons.

      Why: To share a personal experience or opinion on the topic of learning to work with others.

      How: The author expresses agreement with the idea that everyone needs to learn how to work with others, and adds a lighthearted comment about life lessons. They also thank Jadeline for their constructive comment.

    1. Learning to Work With Others

      @happycrazycon tells the story of a student named Leo who is frustrated with his group member, Dean, for not cooperating on a school project, and the author offers advice on how to handle the situation and focus on personal growth.

    2. Learning to Work With Others

      Who: The author, Leo (the student), Dean, and June (other group members).

      What: Leo's frustration with Dean's lack of cooperation and teamwork on a school project.

      Where: Malaysia, at a Milk Tea Chain called Tealive.

      Why: Leo is upset because Dean is not helping with the project and Leo feels like he is doing all the work.

      When: The incident happened two days ago (28th Feb 2018).

      How: Leo tries to communicate with Dean, but Dean ignores his messages and calls, leading to Leo's frustration and anger. The author advises Leo to focus on controlling his own actions and to communicate with Dean in a respectful manner.

    1. child that can't learn fast

      Adaeze discusses the challenges faced by a mother with a child who learns at a slower pace compared to other children, and how the mother's patience, positive reinforcement, and prayers helped the child improve academically.

    2. child that can't learn fast

      Who: Adaeze, a mother.

      What: Adaeze's struggle with her child's slow learning.

      Why: The author wants her child to learn fast like other children.

      When: The struggle began when the child was young and continued into their schooling years.

      How: The author changed their approach by encouraging and praying for the child, which resulted in improvement in their academic performance.

    1. How to learn while sleeping

      Zeeshanalishaikh discusses the possibility of learning while sleeping and provides a video explanation on how to do it.

    2. How to learn while sleeping

      Who: The video discusses how anyone can learn while sleeping.

      What: The video explains the concept of learning while sleeping and suggests trying it out.

      Why: The purpose of the video is to explore the possibility of learning while sleeping.

      How: The video provides an explanation of how one can learn while sleeping, although the specific details are not provided in the given information.


      Jesusboy discusses techniques for helping children learn more effectively, including understanding attention spans, helping them take charge of their learning goals, and using objects to teach.


      Who: Jesusboy.

      What: The post discusses techniques for children to learn fast, including understanding attention span and task limits, helping children take charge of their learning goals, and making use of objects during teaching.

      Why: The post aims to provide strategies and tips for teachers and parents to help children learn more effectively.

      How: The post suggests various techniques such as understanding attention span, encouraging children to take charge of their learning goals, and using objects during teaching to enhance learning.


      @vickoly discusses their experience with an elderly person, specifically their mother's older sister, and the valuable lessons they learned from her, including the importance of trust and confirmation.


      Who: The author's grandmother and Madam Jacob Felicia (the author's mother's older sister)

      What: Sharing lessons learned from elderly people

      Where: The author's grandmother's residence and Madam Jacob Felicia's residence

      Why: To appreciate the care, tenderness, advice, and vast experience of elderly people and to share the lessons learned from them

      When: The author's childhood and after the passing of the grandmother

      How: By spending time with elderly people, learning from their experiences, and being corrected and guided by them


      Valentine George discusses eleven powerful lessons that can be learned from observing a mother hen, including good planning, discipline, sacrifice, generosity, faith, hope, wisdom, protection, unity, mentorship, and staying focused. The post encourages readers to apply these lessons to their own lives and goals in 2018.


      Who: Mother hen.

      What: Lessons to learn from the hen.

      Why: To improve ourselves and impact life in our everyday activities.

      How: By observing the behaviors and characteristics of the hen.


      Sharkeisha Jenkins discusses the best way to learn a foreign language, which is through immersion, and recommends using media in that language, such as podcasts and YouTube videos, to engage with the language daily.


      Who: Sharkeisha Jenkins.

      What: Learning a foreign language through immersion

      Where: 3 different countries, YouTube, blackgirlslearnlanguages.co, Google Translate.

      Why: Immersion is the best way to learn a language quickly.

      How: By visiting different countries, studying, only speaking the language, engaging with language through media, listening with the intent to learn.


      MoOsTaFa discusses the two modes of thinking, focused thinking and diffuse thinking, and how alternating between these modes can enhance learning and problem-solving.


      Who: MoOsTaFa and researchers in the field.

      What: The different modes of thinking (focused and diffuse) and their impact on learning.

      Why: To explain the optimal modes of thinking for optimal learning.

      How: By providing information and examples of how focused and diffuse thinking can be used in the learning process.

    1. https://steemit.com/science/@mostafa1/optimal-modes-of-thinking-for-optimal-learning-whatever-you-re-learnng-learn-more-effectively
    2. Introduction To Memory

      Who: MoOsTaFa

      What: An introduction to memory and tips on becoming a better learner

      Why: To provide information and tips on improving memory and learning abilities

      How: The post explains the different modes of thinking, the two major memory systems (working memory and long term memory), and the importance of practice and repetition in improving memory and learning.

    3. Introduction To Memory

      MoOsTaFa provides an introduction to memory and offers tips on how to become a better learner by understanding the two major memory systems: long term memory and working memory.

    1. Searching as exploration. White and Roth [71 ,p.38] define exploratory search as a “sense making activity focusedon the gathering and use of information to foster intellectual de-velopment.” Users who conduct exploratory searches are generallyunfamiliar with the domain of their goals, and unsure about howto achieve them [ 71]. Many scholars have investigated the mainfactors relating to this type of dynamic task, such as uncertainty,creativity, innovation, knowledge discovery, serendipity, conver-gence of ideas, learning, and investigation [2, 46, 71].These factors are not always expressed or evident in queriesor questions posed by a searcher to a search system.

      Sometimes, search is not rooted in discovery of a correct answer to a question. It's about exploration. Serendipity through search. Think Michael Lewis, Malcolm Gladwell, and Latif Nasser from Radiolab. The randomizer on wikipedia. A risk factor of where things trend with advanced AI in search is an abandonment of meaning making through exploration in favor of a knowledge-level pursuit that lacks comparable depth to more exploratory experiences.

    1. the canonical unit, the NCU supports natural capital accounting, currency source, calculating and accounting for ecosystem services, and influences how a variety of governance issues are resolved
      • for: canonical unit, collaborative commons - missing part - open learning commons, question - process trap - natural capital

      • comment

        • in this context, indyweb and Indranet are not the canonical unit, but then, it seems the model is fundamentally missing the functionality provided but the Indyweb and Indranet, which is and open learning system.
        • without such an open learning system that captures the essence of his humans learn, the activity of problem-solving cannot be properly contextualised, along with all of limitations leading to progress traps.
        • The entire approach of posing a problem, then solving it is inherently limited due to the fractal intertwingularity of reality.
      • question: progress trap - natural capital

        • It is important to be aware that there is a real potential for a progress trap to emerge here, as any metric is liable to be abused
  4. Dec 2023
    1. “I do all my own research,” she said, “though reviewers have speculatedthat I must have a band of hirelings. I like to be led by a footnote ontosomething I never thought of. I rarely photocopy research materials because, for me, note-taking is learning, distilling. That’s the whole essence ofthe business. In taking notes, you have to discard what you don’t need. If you[photocopy] it, you haven’t chewed it.”

      Sounds similar to Umberto Eco's admonition about photocopying: https://hypothes.is/a/U3Sg_r0ZEe25T2tD3U-nmw

    1. I don't use private personal wikis, so my interpretation is: Zettelkasten is the private work space, personal wiki is a form of publication. Maybe not polished for publishing, but edited and redacted where needed, so I can trust that I can be stupid in my Zettelkasten without anyone noticing.

      reply to ctietze at https://forum.zettelkasten.de/discussion/comment/15201/#Comment_15201

      I can be stupid in my [private] Zettelkasten without anyone noticing.

      I too have a private space exactly for this purpose. On the other hand, writing and publishing in public spaces forces me to do some additional thinking/polishing work that I might not otherwise, and that often provides some spectacular results as well as useful feedback for improvement over time.

    1. Figure 11 shows that the resolvers that account for 50% of theIPv6 ingress set have relatively close number of IPv4 and IPv6egress addresses; the left 50% resolvers have more IPv4 egress IPaddresses than IPv6 egress IP addresse

      Only Figure 12 shows that this is indeed the distribution (for 99%)

      Otherwise, I think that's only one possible distribution matching Figure 11. And still, like the author's mentioned analysis of Figure 9, under assumption of equal distribution.

    2. under the premise of resolverswith the same proportion

      "Under premise of equal distribution (of both groups: IPv4 and IPv6)" - Interesting wording and probably the only one you can make from an ECDF graph.

      Figure 10 actually conveniently shows that this conclusion (under the simplifying assumption) is false, as ~1% resolvers have >50% IPv6-to-IPv4 ratio (p99 = 0.5).

    1. The crux being - 1. Exercise, that's the best drug to get your brain running, and it is true. 1. I have experienced the best ideas hit me when I am exercising or about to sleep, which brings me to the second point 1. Get ample amount of sleep, it helps to build synapses, and literally updates your brain as per research. 1. Form habits, 3 elements - cue > routine > reward 1. There are lot many memorization techniques, like - Memory palace, graphic representation and spaced repetitions, try and see which fits best. 1. Make chunks, or divide in modules whatever you learn, making it easier to access and use. 1. And finally, if the task seems tough, it is because it is new. Just start, as and when the synapses are formed it becomes easier to do it again and again, and even more rewarding in the future. Kinda like building a habit.

  5. Nov 2023
    1. 剛剛 在 一英英字典裡 看到 這個例句, 我很是納悶.We're dealing wiht decades of bad decisions that are coming back to roost now.一般來說, 若我要翻譯, 看到of我會由後往前翻, 但這裡的 decades of bad decisions 若這樣翻, 會很奇怪. 所以 來請教大家.

      這應該是填鴨式教育(rote learning)的遺害吧?看到「of」就自動由後往前翻,分明就是不問理由,只被教導要這樣做、這樣解題,我彷彿可以聽到某某國中英語老師或某補習班名師如此耳提面命:

      看到 A of B,意思就是 (屬於)B 的 A B 要先翻出來 不要問爲什麼,老師是教你如何秒殺 OF 介系詞。

      This is a doozy of an example of rote learning. 這是最棒的一個填鴨式教育的範例。

    1. 最近,我教過的學生們,有幾位開始變成中小學老師。這些同學們在我的課堂上到課率很低。我一直都不想去要求學生來上課,因為我自己當年到課率也是超低。所以我很早就用網路教學,一開始是用 YouTube 錄影後上傳,後來變直播,現在則改用 facebook 直播。奇特的是,他們說受我影響很深,教學的方法與理念都從我這裡獲益良多 ....這讓我想起一句話:If you would like to be good at something, teach it !

      If you would like to be good at something, teach it.

    1. Solitary study occupied four of the six days of the standard academic week at Wilhelmstein. In particular, Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays were set aside for meetings with tutors and the completion of projects assigned by tutors. On Wednesdays and Saturdays, students gathered in the library of the fortress, where they divided their time between group classes and self-directed study.

      Self-directed study and occasional discussions with "tutors" seems like a model that could be applied to lifelong learning.

    1. 針對口譯的第二個元素:背景知識,Tony 其實引用了蘋果公司創辦人賈伯斯(Steve Jobs)的話「Stay hungry, stay foolish」來表達其實求知欲其實是口譯員重要的人格特質,Tony 為台灣新聞電視台口譯2016美國總統辯論和美國前總統川普(Donald John Trump)轉播的勝選演講是他難忘的經歷之一,中途也曾遇過secretariat 一字的翻譯困難,但最後是曾經讀過了一篇賽馬文章救了他,原來是一匹馬的名字。

      You never know when you'll reap the benefits. Plant the seeds of curiosity now!

    1. The purpose of Shrewdies.com is to explain Shrewd Learning Services and to evolve new Shrewd Learning Subjects

      In the Web3 version, only the first purpose applies to me. Because an inherent feature of Shrewdies3 is to enable anyone to create their own Web3 site. Therefore, evolving new subject sites is done by the community. Though I have yet to encourage such a community to form, But that will be an intrinsic part of the documentation for Shrewd Learning.

      Currently in development, I will replace this site with the alpha testing site as soon as it correctly presents content to visitors and search engines.

    1. Grabe, Mark. “Student and Professional Note-Taking.” Substack newsletter. Mark’s Substack (blog), November 10, 2023. https://markgrabe.substack.com/p/student-and-professional-note-taking?publication_id=1857743&utm_campaign=email-post-title&r=77i35.

      Educator Mark Grabe looks at some different forms of note taking with respect to learning compared lightly with note taking for productivity or knowledge management purposes.

      Note taking for: - learning / sensemaking - personal knowledge management - productivity / projects - thesis creation/writing/other creative output (music, dance, etc.)

      Not taken into account here is the diversity of cognitive abilities, extent of practice (those who've practiced at note taking for longer are likely to be better at it), or even neurodiversity, which becomes an additional layer (potentially noise) on top of the research methodologies.

    1. Actor-critic is a temporal difference algorithm used in reinforcement learning. It consists of two networks: the actor, which decides which action to take, and the critic, which evaluates the action produced by the actor by computing the value function and informs the actor how good the action was and how it should adjust. In simple terms, the actor-critic is a temporal difference version of policy gradient. The learning of the actor is based on a policy gradient approach.


  6. Oct 2023
    1. (Chen, NeurIPS, 2021) Che1, Lu, Rajeswaran, Lee, Grover, Laskin, Abbeel, Srinivas, and Mordatch. "Decision Transformer: Reinforcement Learning via Sequence Modeling". Arxiv preprint rXiv:2106.01345v2, June, 2021.

      Quickly a very influential paper with a new idea of how to learn generative models of action prediction using SARSA training from demonstration trajectories. No optimization of actions or rewards, but target reward is an input.

    1. Shayan Shirahmad Gale Bagi, Zahra Gharaee, Oliver Schulte, and Mark Crowley Generative Causal Representation Learning for Out-of-Distribution Motion Forecasting In International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML). Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. Jul, 2023.

    1. Wu, Prabhumoye, Yeon Min, Bisk, Salakhutdinov, Azaria, Mitchell and Li. "SPRING: GPT-4 Out-performs RL Algorithms byStudying Papers and Reasoning". Arxiv preprint arXiv:2305.15486v2, May, 2023.

    2. Quantitatively, SPRING with GPT-4 outperforms all state-of-the-art RLbaselines, trained for 1M steps, without any training.

      Them's fighten' words!

      I haven't read it yet, but we're putting it on the list for this fall's reading group. Seriously, a strong result with a very strong implied claim. they are careful to say it's from their empirical results, very worth a look. I suspect that amount of implicit knowledge in the papers, text and DAG are helping to do this.

      The Big Question: is their comparison to RL baselines fair, are they being trained from scratch? What does a fair comparison of any from-scratch model (RL or supervised) mean when compared to an LLM approach (or any approach using a foundation model), when that model is not really from scratch.

    1. Wang et. al. "Scientific discovery in the age of artificial intelligence", Nature, 2023.

      A paper about the current state of using AI/ML for scientific discovery, connected with the AI4Science workshops at major conferences.

      (NOTE: since Springer/Nature don't allow public pdfs to be linked without a paywall, we can't use hypothesis directly on the pdf of the paper, this link is to the website version of it which is what we'll use to guide discussion during the reading group.)

    1. Discussion of the paper:

      Ghojogh B, Ghodsi A, Karray F, Crowley M. Theoretical Connection between Locally Linear Embedding, Factor Analysis, and Probabilistic PCA. Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence [Internet]. 2022 May 27; Available from: https://caiac.pubpub.org/pub/7eqtuyyc

    1. Training language models to follow instructionswith human feedback

      Original Paper for discussion of the Reinforcement Learning with Human Feedback algorithm.

    1. three things happened
      • for: 3 things Nora learned from her father, mutual learning, indyweb - mutual learning

      • paraphrase

        • first, Nora learned what his father was learning
        • second, Nora learned what it looks like to learn and
      • third, and most important, Nora learned she could be in relationship in learning, mutual learning
    1. “What are the enduring questions she should be asking herself?” Weiss said. “Is it OK to work alongside an AI for this type of task versus this type of task? Is it taking away from future opportunities or future skills she might have? I think students do have the capacity to reflect, but I’m not sure right now we’re giving them the right questions.”

      Good points & questions to raise

    1. @chrisaldrich thank you for this detailed response about your use of Obsidian and organization for digital Zettelkasten. I am not sure if this is the current forum or discussion to ask this but I would be curious to see how you have integrated or coordinated your analog Zettelkasten and notetaking with what you describe here. I've followed your posts about the use of index cards for a long time. I'd love to see how you use the very different affordances of these environments together.

      reply to u/wtagg at https://www.reddit.com/r/Zettelkasten/comments/16wgq4l/comment/k356507/?utm_source=reddit&utm_medium=web2x&context=3

      Perhaps the easiest way to frame things is that I use my digital note taking as scaffolding in the learning and research process and the zettels in the digital space are the best filtered outcomes from some of that. If you compare my practice to that of Luhmann's one might consider most of my digital practice to be equivalent to his ZKI. Most of my analog practice is more highly focused and deliberate and is more closely limited to a small handful of topics related to my specific areas of research on memory, orality, intellectual history, Indigenous studies, education, anthropology, and mathematics (and is potentially more like Luhmann's ZK II). As a result, in hindsight—thanks for asking—, I'm simultaneously building my ZK I and ZK II instead of switching mid-career the way Luhmann did. But to be clear, a lot of my ZKII material filters (or digests, if you prefer that analogy) its way through the ZKI process along the way.

    1. to the bottom of the next image, about a fifth of a second later, like that. And they're getting faster and faster each time, and if I stack these guys up, then we see the differences; the increase in the speed is constant. And they say, "Oh, yeah. Constant acceleration. And how shall we

      For anyone interested in this I would also recommend anything regarding etoys https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=prIwpKL57dMhttp://www.squeakland.org/

  7. Sep 2023
    1. The Glass Bead Game is "a kind of synthesis of human learning"[11] in which themes, such as a musical phrase or a philosophical thought, are stated. As the Game progresses, associations between the themes become deeper and more varied.[11] Although the Glass Bead Game is described lucidly, the rules and mechanics are not explained in detail.
    1. This activity is an invitation to thinkers of all levels of experience, knowledge, and vocation.

      People like me that have learned about this way for thinking and the challenge that is finding alike minds that want to explore and build this for the next generation. Sometimes the difference between a blue thought and a revolution is having who to talk to about it. How can we connect people working on the same problem how do you put in the same metaphorical room the people trying to push the envolope

    1. Art is the hook that engages students…. The subjects are familiar so that students have much to recognize but they also contain elements of mystery so students have observations, ideas, and emotions to puzzle over [my emphasis]. (p. 24)

      Right, so the modern equivalent would be to design a game or an 3d animation in an intuitive way, yet the integration of pipeline in this systems makes it so that not even experienced professionals in the area cn develop a short film or an interactive experience through art that eases people into coding.

      I think we need to do a better job at this. If the system that allowed us to design the processes also taught it to people then we wouldn't have to chose between improving the learning curve and the system there should all be one. why did we stop shipping manuals with our tech..? ahh it was because we stopped caring about what the people that designed the tool thought.

    2. how do you ever migrate from a tricycle to a bicycle because a bicycle is very unnatural and very hard to learn compared to a tricycle, and yet in society it has superseded all the tricycles for people over five years old.

      The simple idea that new systems are harder than old even if they're better because they are new and people have to put more effort into using them.

      What I feel it's really important is the idea that the measure of a good system isn't only how easy it is to learn, if we only evaluate systems by their learning curve we'll be face with only being able to advance society at the speed of the slower adopter. Therefore we need to * Segment and dream about the future * Be mindful of the gap between where we are and where the vision is pushing towards since there has to be a common point that collectively moves us forwards

    1. During the discussion, Musk latched on to a key fact the team had discovered: The neural network did not work well until it had been trained on at least a million video clips.
    2. By early 2023, the neural network planner project had analyzed 10 million clips of video collected from the cars of Tesla customers. Did that mean it would merely be as good as the average of human drivers? “No, because we only use data from humans when they handled a situation well,” Shroff explained. Human labelers, many of them based in Buffalo, New York, assessed the videos and gave them grades. Musk told them to look for things “a five-star Uber driver would do,” and those were the videos used to train the computer.
    3. The “neural network planner” that Shroff and others were working on took a different approach. “Instead of determining the proper path of the car based on rules,” Shroff says, “we determine the car’s proper path by relying on a neural network that learns from millions of examples of what humans have done.” In other words, it’s human imitation. Faced with a situation, the neural network chooses a path based on what humans have done in thousands of similar situations. It’s like the way humans learn to speak and drive and play chess and eat spaghetti and do almost everything else; we might be given a set of rules to follow, but mainly we pick up the skills by observing how other people do them.
    1. QR Codes can be a great way for teachers to distribute class material. Here are free sites you can use to generate QR codes

      Free QR code sites

    1. When I create I learn. When I consume I just relax
    2. We all know the old saying practice makes perfect. The more we use a certain region of our brain, the more our brain "prioritizes" and "hones" it. That is what leads to myelin: activity induces myelination, which leads to increased strength of connectivity and efficiency along those very neurons. It’s a self-reinforcing process.
    3. The fact of the matter is that digital products make it uniquely easy to trick yourself into thinking that you’re learning when you are actually being entertained.
    4. learning must be effortful in order for it to happen

    1. Recent work has revealed several new and significant aspects of the dynamics of theory change. First, statistical information, information about the probabilistic contingencies between events, plays a particularly important role in theory-formation both in science and in childhood. In the last fifteen years we’ve discovered the power of early statistical learning.

      The data of the past is congruent with the current psychological trends that face the education system of today. Developmentalists have charted how children construct and revise intuitive theories. In turn, a variety of theories have developed because of the greater use of statistical information that supports probabilistic contingencies that help to better inform us of causal models and their distinctive cognitive functions. These studies investigate the physical, psychological, and social domains. In the case of intuitive psychology, or "theory of mind," developmentalism has traced a progression from an early understanding of emotion and action to an understanding of intentions and simple aspects of perception, to an understanding of knowledge vs. ignorance, and finally to a representational and then an interpretive theory of mind.

      The mechanisms by which life evolved—from chemical beginnings to cognizing human beings—are central to understanding the psychological basis of learning. We are the product of an evolutionary process and it is the mechanisms inherent in this process that offer the most probable explanations to how we think and learn.

      Bada, & Olusegun, S. (2015). Constructivism Learning Theory : A Paradigm for Teaching and Learning.