1,967 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. An important point to note is that there's a difference between coaching and mentoring. A coach's job is to improve a particular skill, but a mentor plays a more holistic role in helping a mentee improve

      Mentoring and Coaching are different, and being able to identify the differences between the two is important.

      For managers, sometimes they need to wear a coaches hat, or a mentors hat - but these are roles that a manager can have but not their only job.

      Considerations for L&D programs

      • how can mentoring fit in with L&D?
      • how can coaching fit in with L&D?
    1. Once two consecutive sections have been mastered, work on joining them together as a new section.

      As with any sort of learning. It's important to be able to connect the concepts - that's what leads to an actual understanding.

    2. Choose one section of the piece to practice, which is short enough that you can memorize it in a few tries.

      I think this is applicable to any sort of learning. By breaking it down into something that we can easily condense you

      1. Maintain the motivation to keep working through it and it's short enough that you're able to quickly get the rush of having completed something.
      2. By condensing some concepts into an overarching concept (or maybe still concepts) you don't have to hold so many things in your head when using the concept elsewhere.
    1. This research suggests why teaching by the case method is favored at many institutions, including Harvard Business School.  A well-run case-based discussion constantly challenges students. As they are asked to diagnose and debate solutions to a given situation, there is rarely an easy or obvious answer. They must derive their own, which enhances their learning. Teaching also becomes harder, of course. These methods demand creativity and continuous updating to ensure they’re grounded in real, current organizational issues, and they take more time. But the experience becomes more fun and fruitful for everyone
    2. Fortunately, there are a number of proven ways to strengthen mental storage. The best learning and teaching strategies incorporate various forms of what Bjork terms “desirable difficulty.” Some examples: interleaving different tasks and materials instead of focusing on just one for a big block of time; allowing students to make mistakes and learn from them; requiring students to interpret new material in light of what they already know; and using testing as a mode of instruction rather than evaluation.

      When you interleave your time with different learning, you are intentionally making the process of forgetting,or fail to memorising, and take effort to recalling the instruction by which to develop and stamping the mental representation of your learning onto your long term memory structure, which is the real learning.

    3. Unfortunately, real learning — that is, the kind which embeds knowledge and skills in long-term memory — is never simple.  In fact, easy in (little effort to temporarily retain the lesson) typically results in hard out (difficulty in retrieving it when you need it.) Decades of research, most notably by UCLA’s Robert Bjork and his colleagues, have shown several reasons for this apparent paradox.
    4. Both learners and teachers confuse performance during training (termed “retrieval strength”) with long-term retention and the ability to apply the lessons (“storage strength”).  Researchers have shown that, in laboratory tests, people quite consistently have “illusions of competence.” That is, they over-estimate their ability to solve future problems when they’ve been given a lot of help during lessons. When shown answers to questions, experiment subjects are likely to think they could have produced them (“Oh, sure, I knew that!”) And the more familiar the material seems to them, the worse the students do in actually using it. Familiarity breeds complacency.
    1. flexible grading policies

      I'm especially attracted to the #ungrading work I've been watching from folks like Mary Klann and David Buck...and I know there are so many more people working with authentic and alternative assessment practices...

  2. May 2021
    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2020, November 5). @ToddHorowitz3 2/2 so I would prefer to treat this as an opportunity for empirical observation and learning. Evaluation should focus on trying to assess actual contribution, not a priori judgments. [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1324367278352355330

    1. Collaborative exams allow students the opportunities to learn from and teach each other. Open-book and self-graded exams are not as good at sorting or ranking students, but they are often just as good (if not better) tools for learning.

      I like the use of [[collaborative exams to enable peer-to-peer learning]].

      One of the challenges with L&D at work is the knowledge / skills transfer if someone does a course on their own, or if people are taking the same course at their own times.

      wondering how this idea could translate to professional learning & development

    2. I know quite a few STEM folks who ungrade in various ways. Some specific stuff I’ve seen work in STEM classes: project-based learning with self-assessment, process notebooks (like a lab notebook but with an emphasis on metacognition), and collaborative exams.

      to help grow a learning culture / learning environment / peer-to-peer-learning - things like process-note-books could be used as a light-weight way to capture information as people are working.

      same with better tracking of work that people do for projects, etc.

      • [[collaborative exams]]
      • [[metacognition]]
  3. Apr 2021
    1. Machine learning app development has been gaining traction among companies from all over the world. When dealing with this part of machine learning application development, you need to remember that machine learning can recognize only the patterns it has seen before. Therefore, the data is crucial for your objectives. If you’ve ever wondered how to build a machine learning app, this article will answer your question.

    1. This looks fascinating. I'm not so much interested in the coding/programming part as I am the actual "working in public" portions as they relate to writing, thinking, blogging in the open and sharing that as part of my own learning and growth as well as for sharing that with a broader personal learning network. I'm curious what lessons might be learned within this frame or how educators and journalists might benefit from it.

    1. But decentralized learning goes farther than that: in a decentralized, Collaborative Learning environment, each team member participates in the learning process. They can identify their learning needs, request courses, give feedback on existing courses, and create courses themselves. We call this a bottom-up approach
      • push vs pull for learning - create an environment that enables learning to happen, and let the people doing the work surface what they need to learn, and then help facilitate and amplify that process
    2. 1. Embrace decentralized learningCentralized learning flows out from a single point: instructors teach and employees learn. But many businesses are shifting towards a more decentralized approach, making this system obsolete. More employees are working remotely and asynchronously, and they need to break learning into small chunks that fit into their daily work schedule. The first step in decentralizing learning is to shift to online classes that can be completed in micro-sessions throughout the week.
      • with remote work, more and more learning is being done async - having the instructor lead / cohort based learning, while still an option - we need to expand beyond that, and find ways to create async learning opportunities, and create the ability to learn in the flow of work
    1. Here are the economics: The cost of recruiting a midcareer software engineer (who earns $150,000- 200,000 per year) can be $30,000 or more including recruitment fees, advertising, and recruiting technology. This new hire also requires onboarding and has a potential turnover of two to three times higher than an internal recruit. By contrast, the cost to train and reskill an internal employee may be $20,000 or less, saving as much as $116,000 per person over three years.  The net savings: it can cost as much as 6-times more to hire from the outside than to build from within.
      • the cost of hiring talent vs upskilling talent
    1. Leaders from Accenture and DBS Bank told Harvard Business Review that encouraging employees to teach newly-acquired skills to their colleagues expanded and deepened learning for all. The training of a single employee results in learning opportunities for dozens of others. Collaborative approaches to training ripple through an organization, where ideas and methodologies cross-pollinate from one part of the business to another

      by investing in a learning organization, and learning eco-systems, we can turn learning into an active, social collaborative activity - which can benefit everyone, adn help break down silos between departments and teams.

    1. This article is ostensibly a response to the use of proctoring software in higher education.

      But in order to do that properly the author has also delved into learning and assessment.

      It's a well-written piece that questions some of our taken-for-granted assumptions around assessment.

    1. This post articulates a lot of what I've been thinking about for the past 18 months or so, but it adds the additional concept of community integration.

      Interestingly, this aligns with the early, tentative ideas around what the future of In Beta might look like as a learning community, rather than a repository of content.

    1. Many companies view L&D as a service provider for employees instead of a strategic partner for growth

      I've talked about this before when brain storming on how to teach companies to become teaching organizations, and partnering more closely than one-off training that is very off the shelf.

    1. when everything is highlighted, nothing is highlighted.

      It is recommended to try - 1 thought = 1 sentence

    1. The insertion of an algorithm’s predictions into the patient-physician relationship also introduces a third party, turning the relationship into one between the patient and the health care system. It also means significant changes in terms of a patient’s expectation of confidentiality. “Once machine-learning-based decision support is integrated into clinical care, withholding information from electronic records will become increasingly difficult, since patients whose data aren’t recorded can’t benefit from machine-learning analyses,” the authors wrote.

      There is some work being done on federated learning, where the algorithm works on decentralised data that stays in place with the patient and the ML model is brought to the patient so that their data remains private.

    1. Academy Games has always prided itself in the quality of its rules. Most of our rules are taught in stages, allowing you to start playing as soon as possible without needing to read everything. We are very careful about the order we teach rules and rely heavily on graphics and pictures to facilitate understanding. We also include a large number of detailed picture examples, often with 3D renders, that help you understand the context of the rules.
  4. Mar 2021
    1. A great little outline for how to do class retrospectives. While there's a lot of subtlety and a huge gradient between individual learners many of the methods and pro/con lists help to show the differences between them. I'd be curious to see one try all (or as many as possibly) to cover as many of the eventualities as possible.

      Too often teachers don't bother with these, but they can be incredibly useful, particularly for helping to attempt to improve future incarnations, as well as to guard against the curse of knowledge.

      I like that hyperlink.academy is doing some of the necessary work to expose their teachers to this sort of material. Too often it is only done in the academy in perfunctory ways which aren't designed to improve anything. Additionally the academy provides little, if any, training in the areas of pedagogy. Hyperlink.academy is making strides to provide some of this material and doing a reasonable job of exposing their teachers to it.

    2. We encourage course creators to dedicate time in their courses for a retro. Every cohort of a course is an experiment shaped by all participants, and what you learn can improve the course in important ways. Getting good feedback from learners is a key part of making sure that the course is always evolving in the right direction.

      This really should be done each class and even down to the atomic level as just once at the end is not going to pull out enough to be as beneficial as one might hope to help to overcome the curse of knowledge.

    1. No matter how engaging, funny, well-produced the video is, I will not be able to retain it unless I cannot read along.

      I'm wondering how people of various stripes like this and other versions may or may not relate to the variety of mnemotechniques out there.

    1. 大致需要搞懂的内容如下:是什么。需要有一个大致明确的定义;搞清楚是什么之后,要搞清楚他的知识体系,有可能你擅长数学,但是它要的是语文,此种情况是否要敬而远之呢?如果知识体系不是问题,那么看一看基本技能要求是什么样的,在没有足够的基础情况下,不要直接触碰那些“高深”的内容,否则最直接的结果就是放弃。在全景中去对知识进行划块,粗粒度即可,就好像看一张中国地图,然后再看都包含了哪些省和直辖市。然后去看各个知识块之间的关系,以便在学习过程中搞好先后顺序,是否可以并行学习等。
    1. When programming I like to have a single Vim editor open with all my files as tabs. Until now I was using the ":tabnew" command to open files in the current Vim window as I knew no other way.
    1. Particularly striking in 1971 was his call for advanced technology to support "learning webs": The operation of a peer-matching network would be simple. The user would identify himself by name and address and describe the activity for which he sought a peer. A computer would send him back the names and addresses of all those who had inserted the same description. It is amazing that such a simple utility has never been used on a broad scale for publicly valued activity.
    1. <small><cite class='h-cite via'> <span class='p-author h-card'>chrisaldrich</span> in From Print to OER Ebook to Obsidian (Hypothesis annotation) (<time class='dt-published'>03/15/2021 10:45:30</time>)</cite></small>

    1. <small><cite class='h-cite via'> <span class='p-author h-card'>chrisaldrich</span> in From Print to OER Ebook to Obsidian (Hypothesis annotation) (<time class='dt-published'>03/15/2021 10:45:30</time>)</cite></small>

    1. Est-ce que je peux être dispensé de la Piscine, puisque je l’ai déjà fait dans un autre campus de 42? Malheureusement, il n’est pas possible de transférer votre dossier vers 42 Québec et d’être dispensé de l’étape de la Piscine. Il faut la refaire à Québec.
    1. Using chemicals to improve our economy of attention and become emotionally "fitter" is an option that penetrated public consciousness some time ago.

      Same is true of reinforcement learning algorithms.

  5. Feb 2021
    1. most students did not report study strategies that correlated with their VARK assessment, and that student performance in anatomy was not correlated with their score in any VARK categories. Rather, some specific study strategies (irrespective of VARK results), such as use of the virtual microscope, were found to be positively correlated with final class grade. However, the alignment of these study strategies with VARK results had no correlation with anatomy course outcomes. Thus, this research provides further evidence that the conventional wisdom about learning styles should be rejected by educators and students alike.

      It's unusual that researchers will make such definitive claims about the outcome of a study.

    1. David Dye. (2021, January 26). So if you work somewhere already like this maybe suggest how to really run a WFH/mobile collaboration uni, and how we re-tool the physical meeting place we then in light of that? Maybe the philosophers already know this?? [Tweet]. @DavidDye9. https://twitter.com/DavidDye9/status/1354176181042556929

    1. If you are a VISUAL LEARNER, start here.
    2. The thought of an illustrated book will, no doubt, make the purists recoil in horror - that's their loss. Sometimes a couple of drawings are far more illuminating than pages full of discrete mathematics, and this is what we have here.
    1. Extending Education Beyond Four Walls

      Digital learning offers a productive alternative to conventional classroom-based learning. With eLearning solutions you can access learning materials at any time and on any device. Have a great idea for a custom education software? Steelkiwi offers educational innovators a full-cycle eLearning software development strategy featuring advanced technologies, lean design, and an emphasis on learners

    1. The RECALL Augmenting Memory architecture. It can, for example, help users restore context before their next conference or class. The student, walking to a lecture, could be primed with a summary of it through his smart glasses, surfacing relevant information. The description of the "Memory vault" in this architecture exhibits a high similarity to Vannevar Bush's Memex.

      It's these deep learning breakthroughs that now make a lot of these memex and semantic web technologies accesssible. This is a note I also referenced in the SWTs whitepaper for Cortex. Great to see Moritz and RemNote picking up on this change as well.

    1. décoder et analyser les effets réels plutôt que les effets anticipés
    2. pas nécessaire d'établir de? séquences à l'intérieur d'un ensemble
    3. les objectifs à atteindre ne sont pas codés au départ

      Ouverture des objectifs, en renversement direct de la conception inversée si chère à l'ingénierie pédagogique. Les résultats d'apprentissage ne sont pas dans une relation de causalité linéaire avec les objectifs d'apprentissages.

    4. aménagement physique

      Intéressant de penser à l'aménagement physique lors d'une pandémie qui pousse les apprenants hors des lieux physiques conçus pour l'apprentissage et vers un aménagement physique de l'espace familial.

    1. Free, Open, Flexible: Rethinking Learning Materials Online

      One of my early sessions on Open Education, with an emphasis on leveraging the material we create in the course of our work.

  6. Jan 2021
    1. Integration of open educational resources in undergraduate chemistry teaching – a mapping tool and lecturers' considerations

      evaluation of open educational resources, questionnaires and interviews of chem lecturers, lecturers interviewed tended to select OER intuitively, mainly considering the reliability of information, pedagogical issues and the visual contribution, while paying less attention to collaborative learning and content sharing.

    1. I present the Data Science Venn Diagram… hacking skills, math and stats knowledge, and substantive expertise.

      An understanding of advanced statistics is a must as the methodologies get more complex and new methods are being created such as machine learning

    1. Zappos created models to predict customer apparel sizes, which are cached and exposed at runtime via microservices for use in recommendations.

      There is another company named Virtusize who is doing the same thing like size predicting or recommendation

    1. Remember that notes are only an intermediate step towards understanding. Having a beautiful set of perfectly written notes is useless if you don’t understand the subject you are trying to learn.

      too many people forget this simple fact

    1. Anyone can apply these same methods on the job. Say you have someone in your company who is a masterly communicator, and you learn that he is going to give a talk to a unit that will be laying off workers. Sit down and write your own speech, and then compare his actual speech with what you wrote. Observe the reactions to his talk and imagine what the reactions would be to yours. Each time you can generate by yourself decisions, interactions, or speeches that match those of people who excel, you move one step closer to reaching the level of an expert performer.• • •

      Many everyday events present an opportunity to learn, but only if they are reframed into an "action-feedback" perspective. Learn to recognize these opportunities and reconstruct the frame so that you can learn to judge the quality of an action by the response it produces. Critique it against your own thought process and improve iteratively.

    1. The best people in empirical fields are typically those who have accumulated the biggest set of experiences and there’s essentially two ways to do this.Spend lots of time doing itGet really good at running many concurrent experiments

      How to derive with the best research

    1. Mute inner speech can appear as an inner dialogue as well, but its truncated form encourages us to create a ‘secret’ abbreviated language and deploy mental shortcuts. By forcing us to articulate ourselves more fully, self-talk summons up the image of an imagined listener or interrogator more vividly. In this way, it allows us to question ourselves more critically by adopting an external perspective on our ideas, and so to consider shortcomings in our arguments – all while using our own speech.

      The essential difference between mute speach and self-talk

    2. Contemporary theories in cognition and the science of learning reaffirm Kleist’s speculations, and show how self-talk contributes not only to motivation and emotional regulation, but also to some higher cognitive functions such as developing metacognition and reasoning.

      Self-talk brings lots of benefits

    3. It’s no coincidence that we walk when we need to think: evidence shows that movement enhances thinking and learning, and both are activated in the same centre of motor control in the brain. In the influential subfield of cognitive science concerned with ‘embodied’ cognition, one prominent claim is that actions themselves are constitutive of cognitive processes. That is, activities such as playing a musical instrument, writing, speaking or dancing don’t start in the brain and then emanate out to the body as actions; rather, they entail the mind and body working in concert as a creative, integrated whole, unfolding and influencing each other in turn. It’s therefore a significant problem that many of us are trapped in work and study environments that don’t allow us to activate these intuitive cognitive muscles, and indeed often even encourage us to avoid them.

      Symbiosis of movement and thinking

    1. during the backward pass, feedback connectionsare used in concert with forward connections to dynamically invert the forward transformation,thereby enabling errors to flow backward
  7. Dec 2020
    1. It is probably fair to say that the amount of time spent preparing the online component of blended learning is influenced considerably by the experience, knowledge and skills of the teacher.

      Sure. But it's also fair to say that this is true of teachers' preparation of offline learning materials.

    2. lthough some studies might argue that creating blended learning materials could take longer to prepare than traditional teaching, other studies argue that preparing for online teaching takes less time than typical face-to-face teaching preparation

      But people often tend to discount the work (and frameworks that guide this work) that's already gone into the preparation of F2F materials.



    1. No escape plan was ever devised

      Not for the institutions, nor for students, who have no way to export their learning data (content, connections, relationships with peers, etc.) out of the system in a way that could be integrated into something outside of the institution.

    2. The skills gained immediately transfer to other areas of academic work, such as community and industry engagement

      Another example of why online learning could (should?) take place in public.

      Imagine if, upon graduating, an engineer already had an online, public portfolio of work that could be shared with potential employers.

    1. Treating the web as a compile target has a lot of implications, many negative. For example “view source” is a beloved feature of the web that’s an important part of its history and especially useful for learning, but Svelte’s compiled output is much harder to follow than its source. Source maps, which Svelte uses to map its web language outputs back to its source language, have limitations.
    1. Keep in mind that as a software developer, of any degree, learning is continuous. New technologies, new ways to write code, not so new approaches, persisting patterns. Read books, watch online courses, follow tutorials, keep learning!
    1. Microsoft says it will make changes in its new Productivity Score feature, including removing the ability for companies to see data about individual users, to address concerns from privacy experts that the tech giant had effectively rolled out a new tool for snooping on workers.

      It's great that MS has reacted so quickly to the outcry around the privacy of workers.

      I thought it would be super-interesting to see how academics might have responded to the idea of institutional administrators keeping tabs on the number of hours that they'd spent in meetings (via Teams), composing and reading emails (via Outlook), writing articles (via Word), and so on.

      And yet these would be the same academics who do this kind of monitoring of student work.

    1. Jeff Sonnabend in the Ecco Yahoo forum: "I remember first trying to learn Ecco 1.0. It was tough until the proverbial light went on. Then it all made sense. For me, it was simply understanding that Ecco is just a data base. So called folders are nothing more than fields in a flat-file table (like a spreadsheet). The rest is interface and implementation of various users' work or management systems in Ecco. That learning curve, to me, is the primary Ecco "weakness", at least as far as new users go."

      There was a steep learning curve involved with using ECCO Pro. Reminds me of Roam, which also has a steep learning curve, but then it feels like it's worth it.

    1. If you give any question to a student that has a clear, definitive answer, you are tempting them to cheat.

      We should be assessing how people use information to solve problems they care about, rather than whether or not they can recall information.

    1. Rocca, R., & Yarkoni, T. (2020). Putting psychology to the test: Rethinking model evaluation through benchmarking and prediction. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/e437b