153 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. openCyto package is designed to facilitate the application of automated gating methods in a sequential way to mimic the construction of a manual gating scheme.
  2. Oct 2021
  3. Sep 2021
    1. For the Stop Reset Go project, we are exploring how we achieve a group flow state that can connect us in an experience of deep humanity as we engage in a process of human inner transformation and social outer transformation. The goal of the project is bottom-up whole system change.

      The concept of a builders collective is to document what people are already doing to build a world that works for 100% of life.

    1. Exploring the consumption practices of the super-rich begins to highlight that they are best described as 'fast subjects' who dwell in what Castells (2000) terms the 'space of flows' rather than the 'space of places'.

      Good terminology- space of flows, denoting the necessity of (carbon intensive) travel to move from one place to another. Seen from the 19th century, even the average car-driving citizen of the 20th century is elite. A 100 hp car, which is now almost an average power rating of most internal combustion engines, is the power equivalent to the 19th century analog of maintaining 100 horses.

    1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYsMtroVLeA

      Buzzwords for understanding the new internet

      Importance of words (neologisms) for helping us to communicate.

      retweets as a means of bringing new faces into your stream to expand your in-group.

      <small><cite class='h-cite via'> <span class='p-author h-card'>Kevin Marks </span> in Epeus' epigone: Publics, Flow, Phatic, Tummeling and Out-groups - New Words You Need to Know to Understand the Web (<time class='dt-published'>09/06/2021 15:15:38</time>)</cite></small>

    1. Build commitment  After connecting, you need to build students’ commitment. Educationalist Daniel Willingham argues that students are driven by a mixture of curiosity and laziness: they want to find out new things and solve puzzles, but they don’t want to invest too much effort in the process. That means the best way to build commitment is start out with a task that piques their interest but doesn’t take much effort. Once they have completed this task, they are much more likely to commit to your next task. The trick then becomes slowly ratcheting up that commitment as the course progresses. 

      Students want to discover, learn new things, and solve puzzles, but they don't want to invest too much effort into the process.

      How does this fit into or relate to the idea of flow?

      What relationship does it have to addictive behaviors like scrolling social media which are low effort, but provide new discovery?

  4. Aug 2021
  5. Jul 2021
    1. Revisiting this essay to review it in the framing of digital gardens.

      In a "gardens and streams" version of this metaphor, the stream is flow and the garden is stock.

      This also fits into a knowledge capture, growth, and innovation framing. The stream are small atomic ideas flowing by which may create new atomic ideas. These then need to be collected (in a garden) where they can be nurtured and grow into new things.

      Clippings of these new growth can be placed back into the stream to move on to other gardeners. Clever gardeners will also occasionally browse through the gardens of others to see bigger picture versions of how their gardens might become.

      Proper commonplacing is about both stock and flow. The unwritten rule is that one needs to link together ideas and expand them in places either within the commonplace or external to it: essays, papers, articles, books, or other larger structures which then become stock for others.

      While some creators appear to be about all stock in the modern era, it's just not true. They're consuming streams (flow) from other (perhaps richer) sources (like articles, books, television rather than social media) and building up their own stock in more private (or at least not public) places. Then they release that article, book, film, television show which becomes content stream for others.

      While we can choose to create public streams, but spending our time in other less information dense steams is less useful. Better is to keep a reasonably curated stream to see which other gardens to go visit.

      Currently is the online media space we have structures like microblogs and blogs (and most social media in general) which are reasonably good at creating streams (flow) and blogs, static sites, and wikis which are good for creating gardens (stock).

      What we're missing is a structure with the appropriate and attendant UI that can help us create both a garden and a stream simultaneously. It would be nice to have a wiki with a steam-like feed out for the smaller attendant ideas, but still allow the evolutionary building of bigger structures, which could also be placed into the stream at occasional times.

      I can imagine something like a MediaWiki with UI for placing small note-like ideas into other streams like Twitter, but which supports Webmention so that ideas that come back from Twitter or other consumers of one's stream can be placed into one's garden. Perhaps in a Zettelkasten like way, one could collect atomic notes into their wiki and then transclude those ideas into larger paragraphs and essays within the same wiki on other pages which might then become articles, books, videos, audio, etc.

      Obsidian, Roam Research do a somewhat reasonable job on the private side and have some facility for collecting data, but have no UI for sharing out into streams.

    2. Where does this idea fit into the historical concept of the commonplace book?

    1. Alan Jacobs seems to be delving into the area of thought spaces provided by blogs and blogging.

      In my view, they come out of a cultural tradition of commonplace books becoming digital and more social in the the modern era. Jacobs is obviously aware of the idea of Zettelkasten, but possibly hasn't come across the Sonke Ahrens' book on smart notes or the conceptualization of the "digital garden" stemming from Mike Caulfield's work.

      He's also acquainted with Robin Sloane, though it's unclear if he's aware of the idea of Stock and Flow.

  6. Jun 2021
    1. Bacterial cells are typically one thousandth the volume of mammalian cells, which places them near the edge of instrument detection. At this size it can be challenging to differentiate viable cells from debris of similar size
    1. Writing in them is the closest I come to regular meditation; marginalia is — no exaggeration — possibly the most pleasurable thing I do on a daily basis.

      Annotation can be creative and fun. Doing it not only increases one's engagement with a text, but it helps to create flow in one's work.

    1. Ong puts it this way:“Ramus can adopt memory intodialectic because his entire topically conceived logic is itself a system of local memory”(Ramus280).However, it is a simplified systemunlike the classical one: The ancient precepts about images and theirfacilitation of invention have been dropped.

      What is gained and lost in the Ramist tradition versus the method of loci?

      There is some simplicity to be sure and structure/organization aid in the structured memory.

      We lose the addition work, creativity, and invention. We also loose some of the interest that students might have. I recently read something to the effect that we always seem to make education boring and dull. (cross reference this, which I haven't read: https://daily.jstor.org/why-school-is-boring/)

      How does this interact with Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's idea of flow? Does Ramism beat out the fun of flow?

      How also, is this similar to Kelly's idea of the third archive as a means of bringing these all back together?

    1. d[V3(K−Λ3−3|E|2)]= 0.
    2. One can check that (56) is the flow ofΣin(M\∂M,V−2g)by equidistantsurface

      Transformar isso em observação sobre o significado físico do fluxo?

      Note que esse fluxo implica numa escolha particular para o campo variacional. Seria interessante justificar essa escolha.

    3. eachΦt(Σ0) := Σt,t∈[0,δ), is a compact almost properly embedded surface

      Em outras palavras, a prpriedade de quase propriamente mergulhada é preservada ao longo do fluxo.

  7. May 2021
    1. The conversational feed design of email inboxes, group chats, and InstaTwitBook is fleeting – they're only concerned with self-assertive immediate thoughts that rush by us in a few moments.

      The streamification of the web had already taken hold enough by this point. Anil Dash had an essay in 2012 entitled Stop Publishing Web Pages which underlined this point.

    1. Social media platforms work on a sort of flywheel of engagement. View->Engage->Comment->Create->View. Paywalls inhibit that flywheel, and so I think any hope for a return to the glory days of the blogosphere will result in disappointment.

      The analogy of social media being a flywheel of engagement is an apt one and it also plays into the idea of "flow" because if you're bored with one post, the next might be better.

  8. Apr 2021
    1. If we accept the idea that the entire surface of the earth is migratory, then why not landscapes in particular? A landscape — as a scene, landschap, ecosystem, and socio-political territory — is a material assembly of moving entities, a dynamic medium which changes in quality and structure through the aggregate movements or actions of the things that constitute it.
    1. Lee, L. Y., Rozmanowski, S., Pang, M., Charlett, A., Anderson, C., Hughes, G. J., Barnard, M., Peto, L., Vipond, R., Sienkiewicz, A., Hopkins, S., Bell, J., Crook, D. W., Gent, N., Walker, A. S., Peto, T. E., & Eyre, D. W. (2021). SARS-CoV-2 infectivity by viral load, S gene variants and demographic factors and the utility of lateral flow devices to prevent transmission. MedRxiv, 2021.03.31.21254687. https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.03.31.21254687

  9. Mar 2021
  10. Feb 2021
    1. Each step receives the return value of its predecessor. The return value decides about what next step is called.
    2. While you could program this little piece of logic and flow yourself using a bunch of Ruby methods along with a considerable amount of ifs and elses, and maybe elsif, if you’re feeling fancy, a Trailblazer activity provides you a simple API for creating such flow without having to write and maintain any control code. It is an abstraction.
    1. found that using only the Pascal-provided control structures, the correct solution was given by only 20% of the subjects, while no subject wrote incorrect code for this problem if allowed to write a return from the middle of a loop.
    1. We would like to extend a very warm welcome and thank you for being a part of the Direct Express program. We are excited that you have received your new card which can be used anywhere Mastercard is accepted, including for purchases, ATM withdrawals, cash back, and setting up automatic bill payments. Some features we'd like to highlight include: Our new mobile application (now available in Apple and Google Play Stores) will help you 'manage your account on the go', allowing you access anytime, anywhere. This application features balance information, transaction history, account summary, and allows you to request a new card (if lost/stolen), temporarily block your card, request a dispute filing form and set up account monitoring alerts for your added protection. Our Direct Express Cash Access feature allows convenient access to your funds at WalMart locations for a $0.85 fee and no purchase necessary. And, our website, www.usdirectexpress.com, which also has a new look, contains all the great features found on the mobile app. Please ensure you select the card starting with numbers 51. Finally, are you currently receiving any other benefits to a Direct Express card?
    2. Last 4 of SSN
    3. Full Card Number
    4. First and Last Name
    5. For Outbound Calls
    6. Last 4 of SSN
    7. Last 4 of the Card
    8. First and Last Name
    9. For Inbound Calls
    10. provide information for the following call type ONLY: New Enrollment Card Not Received
    11. you may proceed with standard verification
    12. If the full SSN provides an account
    13. the caller is a Conduent CH and the Conduent Calls call type should be used for the remainder of the call
    14. If the full SSN does not populate an account
    15. refer to the New Enrollment Card Not Received call type in the DCFC
    16. advise the CH they will need to be routed back to the IVR to complete verification of their PIN before we can proceed with the call
    17. Mr./Mrs. Cardholder, please note that we’ll not be able to assist you if you have not entered your card information using the right prompts in our Automated Telephone System/IVR. Therefore, I am going to have to transfer you to the Automated Telephone System so you can enter your card information using the relevant prompts and, if needed, press the right option to talk to one of our customer service representatives.
    18. select IVR State and Card Verification
    19. select the transfer option in Intello
    20. do not put the caller on hold
    21. I apologize for any inconvenience this may cause you; however, your PIN must be verified in the automated system before I am able to share account specific information for your security.
    22. If the cardholder refuses to be transferred to the IVR
    23. you have confirmed the card is Active
    24. If Yes
    25. If No
    26. Ask the cardholder if they have received their Direct Express Card
  11. Jan 2021
    1. Chess thinking provides a rich metacognitive context that leads me to believe that we should tease apart three notions that are related but often conflated – attention, flow and concentration. Attention is fundamentally grounded in perception (how we attend), flow is fundamentally grounded in experience (how we feel), and concentration is grounded in praxis (how we purposively coalesce).
    1. To lose yourself: a voluptuous surrender, lost in your arms, lost to the world, utterly immersed in what is present so that its surroundings fade away.
  12. Dec 2020
    1. flow cytometry data were analyzed in R using the flowCore Bioconductor package (
    2. flow cytometry using the red fluorescent nucleic acid dye SYTO17 as a counterstain to improve detection of cells with a low GFP signal
    1. Concepts of Ground Water, Water Table,and Flow Systems

      ilustrasi yang sangat bagus untuk menunjukkan bahwa adanya sumur akan mengubah arah aliran air tanah secara makro.

  13. Oct 2020
    1. You don't need multiple novel ideas to start. Good ideas emerge in the process of writing:Choose a topicWrite your intro, and use it to brainstorm talking pointsGet feedback on your introCreate a starting outlineExplore talking points within your outlineRewrite for clarity, succinctness, and intrigueCycle between rewriting, resting, and receiving feedbackCopy edit for grammar, word choice, and flowThere are many good ways to tell a story. Be satisfied when you’ve found one that you'd want to read yourself.
    1. At the same time, a positive emotional experience alone is not enough. For tools for thought to attain enduring power, the user must experience a real growth in mastery, an expansion in their ability to act. And so we’d like to take both the emotional and intellectual experience of tools for thought seriously.

      How can they also reach the idea of "flow"?

    1. I love the general idea of where he's going here and definitively want something exactly like this.

      The closest thing I've been able to find in near-finished form is having a public TiddlyWiki with some IndieWeb features. Naturally there's a lot I would change, but for the near term a mixture of a blog and a wiki is what more of us need.

      I love the recontextualization of the swale that he proposes here to fit into the extended metaphor of the garden and the stream.

    1. But I actually think stock and flow is a useful metaphor for media in the 21st century. Here’s what I mean: Flow is the feed. It’s the posts and the tweets. It’s the stream of daily and sub-daily updates that reminds people you exist. Stock is the durable stuff. It’s the content you produce that’s as interesting in two months (or two years) as it is today. It’s what people discover via search. It’s what spreads slowly but surely, building fans over time.
  14. Sep 2020
    1. In this app, we have a <Hoverable> component that tracks whether the mouse is currently over it. It needs to pass that data back to the parent component, so that we can update the slotted contents. For this, we use slot props.
    1. This is probably one of the biggest things to get used to in React – this flow where data goes out and then back in.
  15. Aug 2020
    1. How to Get into Flow States, Quickly

      1.Relax

      2.Coffee/Caffeine

      3.Something that inspires your work

      4.Warm-up - get your brain primed for the activity

      5.Sends chills down your spine - Watch something that Inspires you e.g. David Goggins

      6.Avoid distraction - Put phone away and noise cancelling headphones

  16. Jul 2020
    1. Davis, J. T., Chinazzi, M., Perra, N., Mu, K., Piontti, A. P. y, Ajelli, M., Dean, N. E., Gioannini, C., Litvinova, M., Merler, S., Rossi, L., Sun, K., Xiong, X., Halloran, M. E., Longini, I. M., Viboud, C., & Vespignani, A. (2020). Estimating the establishment of local transmission and the cryptic phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in the USA. MedRxiv, 2020.07.06.20140285. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.07.06.20140285

  17. Jun 2020
    1. DO NOT, DO NOT, DO NOT turn Japanese into work. Don’t turn it into “study”; don’t turn it into 勉強 (a word that refers to scholastic study in Japanese, but actually carries the rather negative meaning of “coercion” in Chinese). Just play at it. PLAY. That’s why I keep telling people: don’t make all these rules about what is and is not OK for you to do in Japanese, or how Gokusen is over-coloured by the argot of juvenile delinquents or watching Love Hina will make you talk like a girl — it doesn’t matter, you need to learn all that vocabulary in order to truly be proficient in Japanese anyway, so whatever you watch is fine — as long as you’re enjoying it right now. Write this on your liver: just because anything is OK to watch in Japanese, that doesn’t mean that everything is worth watching…to you that is. One person’s Star Trek is another person’s…well, I can’t imagine how any human being could fail to love Star Trek, but you get the idea.

      If you want to learn something, make sure that you keep it in the realm of play. If you make it work, you will kill it.

      This reminds me of Mark Sisson talking about incorporating play.

      This also reminds me of the concept of Flow.

  18. Apr 2020
    1. Revisiting a landmark always suggests closure, prematurely inviting the reader to leave the hypertext and do something else.

      Of course if we can create a stream of posts, perhaps the reader will gain Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's concept of "flow" and therefore never leave?

  19. Jan 2020
  20. Dec 2019
    1. Policymakers in Guinea

      Given that the Case studies were broken down by country, I would have expected at least the first paragraph of this section to bind the Case studies together from a policy diffusion/ policy learning perspective (e.g. in terms of more or less strenuous conditions during outbreaks or 'peacetime'), before zooming back in to highlight certain aspects from the Case studies.

    2. In three of these countries (i.e. Guinea, Argentina and India), the CIOMS Guidelines have had direct influence over their domestic governance policies on the subject. Its impact was greatest for Guinea and Argentina, whose governance policies had to be adapted in response to the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa and the Zika virus epidemic in Latin America. In both countries, sharing of biological materials and related data with international organisations increased significantly to meet therapeutic and research needs during the outbreaks. International organisations have had a comparatively greater role in bringing about policy change in Guinea when compared with Argentina, mainly due to the fragility of the health system in Guinea in 2014. In contrast, policy in India and in Malawi occurred under less strenuous conditions. This may account for the relatively greater emphasis on control and limits to cross-border transferability in their policies when compared with those of Guinea and Argentina.

      I would have expected the Background section to set the stage for the case studies, not to sum up their results.

    1. I'm not sure if it's blogging's fault, or journalism's fault or even Google's fault — but I do think the focus on recency as the biggest defining value of content is an error, and if we continue too far down that path, we'll regret it.

      Some of the addiction to recency may be related to Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's idea of "flow". It takes way more work to find good stuff that's older and if this breaks one's flow, then one may be more likely to be addicted to the faster speed of something like Twitter or Facebook that will algorithmicly serve up things you're more prone to like and say within tighter flow boundaries, right?

  21. Nov 2019
    1. Stack Overflow is an open community for anyone that codes. We help you get answers to your toughest coding questions, share knowledge with your coworkers in private, and find your next dream job.

      what is stackover flow?

  22. Oct 2019
    1. Project is written in TypeScript and provides type safety out of the box. No Flow Type support is planned at this moment, but feel free to contribute.
  23. Jul 2019
    1. A practical example of service design thinking can be found at the Myyrmanni shopping mall in Vantaa, Finland. The management attempted to improve the customer flow to the second floor as there were queues at the landscape lifts and the KONE steel car lifts were ignored. To improve customer flow to the second floor of the mall (2010) Kone Lifts implemented their 'People Flow' Service Design Thinking by turning the Elevators into a Hall of Fame for the 'Incredibles' comic strip characters. Making their Elevators more attractive to the public solved the people flow problem. This case of service design thinking by Kone Elevator Company is used in literature as an example of extending products into services.
    1. here exists a se-quence of initial data that satisfy all the hypothesis of item (i) and suchthat in the limit the equality in (3) is achieved. In this limit, the radius,the charge and the total mass of this sequence tend to zero.
  24. Jun 2019
    1. A standard computation using the Gauss equation shows that∂f∂t(0,t′) =ddt|Σ0|g(t)(t′) =−∫Σ0(R−Ric(ν,ν))dμ=−4πχ(Σ0)−∫Σ0(Ric(ν,ν) +|A|2)dμ,where all geometric quantities are computed with respect tog(t′).
  25. arxiv.org arxiv.org
    1. A computation in coordinates shows that the Ricci tensor ofhis given byRich(X,X) =−(1V∆gV)h(X,X),Rich(X,Z) = 0,Rich(Y,Z) =Ricg(Y,Z)−1V(HessgV)(Y,Z)
    2. The structure of the metrichnear the singular set clearly implies thatgeodesics realizing the distance between a point inNand a component of∂Mmeets∂Morthogonally. The proof of this fact is essentially the sameas the proof of the Gauss’ Lemma.
  26. Mar 2019
    1. Evolução da carga

      $$ \begin{aligned} Q(t) & \equiv Q_{\nabla\phi}(\Sigma) := {1 \over 4\pi} \int_{\Sigma} \langle \nabla\phi, \nu \rangle d\sigma_g \\ %% & = {1 \over 4\pi} \int_{\Sigma} d\phi \cdot \nu d\sigma = {1 \over 4\pi} \int_{\Sigma} \frac{\partial\phi}{\partial\nu} d\sigma \end{aligned} $$

      $$ \begin{aligned} \Longrightarrow \frac{dQ}{dt} = {1 \over 4\pi} \int_{\Sigma} \left[ d(\partial_t \phi) \cdot \nu + d\phi \cdot \partial_t \nu + d\phi \cdot \nu \frac{tr_{\Sigma} \partial_t g}{2} \right] d\sigma \end{aligned} $$

      Tomando \( \alpha = 2 \), obtemos: $$ \begin{aligned}

      • {tr_{\Sigma} \partialt g \over 2} & = R - Rc(\nu, \nu) - \alpha \left( |\nabla \phi|^2 - (\partial{\nu} \phi)^2 \right) \ & = R - Rc(\nu, \nu) - 2 \left( |\nabla \phi|^2 - (\partial_{\nu} \phi)^2 \right) \end{aligned} $$
    2. the maximum principle above, yieldsSmin(t)≥Smin(0)1−2tmSmin(0)(5.3)for allt≥0 as long as the flow exists
    3. Theorem 4.4Let(g(t),φ(t))solve(RH)αwithα(t)≡α >0. ThenSandSdefined as above satisfy thefollowing evolution equations∂∂tS=△S+ 2|Sij|2+ 2α|τgφ|2,∂∂tSij=△LSij+ 2ατgφ∇i∇jφ.(4.14)Proof.This follows directly by combining the evolution equations from Proposition4.2withthose from Proposition4.3.Remark.Note that in contrast to the evolution of Rc,R,∇φ⊗∇φand|∇φ|2the evolutionequations in Theorem4.4for the combinations Rc−α∇φ⊗∇φandR−α|∇φ|2donotdepend on the intrinsic curvature ofN.

      Note que,

      $$\alpha = 2 \Longrightarrow S = R - 2 |\nabla \phi|^2,$$

      que é justamente a função que precisamos estimar (veja prova do corolário 5.2), no caso particular de um campo gradiente.

      Haja visto que no na aproximação eletrostática do eletromagnetismo clássico, o campo elétrico (em domínios simplesmente conexos) é gerado por um potencial escalar, isso sugere que, pelo menos nessa aproximação particular, podemos utilizar esse fluxo \((RH)_{\alpha}\), tomando o pontical elétrico como dado inicial para o fluxo do calor para mapas harmônicos.

      Essa ideia é inspirada nas ideias das seções 2 e 3, desse artigo do Benhard List, onde ele observa que soluções estáticas desse fluxo, com \(\alpha\) escolhido adequadamente, coincide com as soluções estáticas para a equação de Einstein no vácuo.

  27. Feb 2019
    1. In other words, when YouTube fine-tunes its algorithms, is it trying to end compulsive viewing, or is it merely trying to make people compulsively watch nicer things?

      YouTube's business interests are clearly rewarded by compulsive viewing. If it is even possible to distinguish "nicer" things, YouTube might have to go against its business interests if less-nice things DO lead to more compulsive viewing. Go even deeper, as Rob suggests below, and ask if viewing itself can shape both how (compulsive?) and what (nice or not-nice?) we view?

  28. Oct 2018
  29. Aug 2018
    1. Flaherty’s data and theory indicate that rather than the amount and nature of the objective experiences in a situation, what makes time seem to pass extra slowly or quickly is the extent to which the individual engages in conscious infor­mation processing during the time. When the amount of conscious information processing is about average for the individual, the individual experiences time as passing at what that individual has come to perceive as the usual rate, but when the amount of such processing is high, time appears to slow down (pro­tracted duration); when such information processing is low, time appears to speed up (temporal compression)

      The experience of time passing (fast or slow) is related to conscious information processing.

  30. Jul 2018
    1. Because time is not physical, the human perception of time is subjective: the passage of time can seem slower or faster depending on factors liketask

      gets at the experience of "flow" (See Csikszentmihalyi)

    1. Furthermore, and differentiating digital time from clock time, he suggests that a lack of adherence to chronological time is compounded by the fact that digital technologies connect with a flow of information that is al-ways and instantly available. He argues that continual change, which is bound up with web services such as social network sites, blogs and the news, is central to the experi-enced need for constant connectivity.

      Q: How does this idea of time vs information flow affect the data harvested during a digital crowdwork process in humanitarian emergencies?

      Q: How does this idea of time vs information flow manifest when the information flow is not chronological due to content throttling or algorithmic decisions on what content to deliver to a user?

  31. course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com
    1. Her astonishing quickness of perception, detected a change in my voice, or my manner, when I put that question, which warned her that I had been speaking all along with some ulterior object in view. She stopped, and taking her arm out of mine, looked me searchingly in the face.

      At the end of the first narrative, Rachel break the engagement and Godfrey agree with it without argument. The reason why Rachel breaks the engagement and the reason why Godfrey accepts it happily is revealed by Mr. Bruff in this chapter. I think it is a typical example of the unique information flow in Moonstone. The writer is so sagacious that he arranges one narrator to show the strange events and lets another narrator reveal the truth and raise some new puzzles. As a result, the writer can promote the development of the plot and reveal the mystery behind it at the same time. It makes readers keep curious all the time because there is fascinating''truth'' in every narrative.

    1. gs done. Accepting an invitation for reflection inherent in the design means on the other hand that time willappear, i.e. we open up for time presence” (Hallnas & Redstrom 2001). A slow technology would not disappear, but would make its

      The idea of making time more present/more felt is counter-intuitive to how time is experienced in crisis response as urgent, as a need for effiicency, as an intense flow (Csikszentmihalyi) that disappears.

  32. Jun 2018
    1. WHERE TO FIND FLOWFlow tends to occur when a person faces a clear set of goals that require appropriate responses. It is easy to enter flow in games such as chess, tennis, or poker, because they have goals and rules that make it possible for the player to act without questioning what should be done, and how. For the duration of the game the player lives in a self-contained universe where everything is black and white. The same clarity of goals is present if you perform a religious ritual, play a musical piece, weave a rug, write a computer program, climb a mountain, or perform surgery. In contrast to normal life, these "flow activities" allow a person to focus on goals that are clear and compatible, and provide immediate feedback.article continues after advertisementgoogletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1404853927369-9'); });Flow also happens when a person's skills are fully involved in overcoming a challenge that is just about manageable, so it acts as a magnet for learning new skills and increasing challenges. If challenges are too low, one gets back to flow by increasing them. If challenges are too great, one can return to the flow state by learning new skills.How often do people experience flow? If you ask a sample of typical Americans, "Do you ever get involved in something so deeply that nothing else seems to matter and you lose track of time?" roughly one in five will say that this happens to them as much as several times a day, whereas about 15 percent will say that this never happens to them. These frequencies seem to he quite stable and universal. For instance, in a recent survey of 6,469 Germans, the same question was answered in the following way: Often, 23 percent; Sometimes, 40 percent; Rarely, 25 percent; Never or Don't Know, 12 percent.A more precise way to study flow is the Experience Sampling Method, or ESM, which I developed at the University of Chicago in the early 1970s. This method provides a virtual filmstrip of a person's daily activities and experiences. At the signal of a pager or watch, which goes off at random times within each two-hour segment of the day, a person writes down in a booklet where she is, what she is doing, what she is thinking about, and whom she is with, then she rates her state of consciousness on various numerical scales. At our Chicago laboratory, we have collected over the years a total of 70,000 pages from about 2,300 respondents. Investigators in other parts of the world have more than tripled these figures.article continues after advertisementgoogletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1456244145486-0'); });The ESM has found that flow generally occurs when a person is doing his or her favorite activity--gardening, listening to music, bowling, cooking a good meal. It also occurs when driving, talking to friends, and surprisingly often at work. Very rarely do people report flow in passive leisure activities, such as watching television or relaxing.Almost any activity can produce flow provided the relevant elements are present, so it is possible to improve the quality of life by making sure that the conditions of flow are a constant part of everyday life.FLOW AT WORKAlthough adults tend to be less happy than average while working, and their motivation is considerably below normal, ESM studies find more occasions of flow on the job than in free time. This finding is not that surprising: Work is much more like a game than most other things we do during the day. It usually has clear goals and rules of performance. It provides feedback either in the form of knowing that one has finished a job well done, in terms of measurable sales or through an evaluation by one's supervisor. A job tends to encourage concentration and prevent distractions, and ideally, its difficulties match the worker's skills.Nevertheless, if we had the chance most of us would like to work less. One reason is the historical disrepute of work, which each of us learn as we grow up.Yet we can't blame family, society, or history if our work is meaningless, dull, or stressful. Admittedly, there are few options when we realize that our job is useless or actually harmful. Perhaps the only choice is to quit as quickly as possible, even at the cost of severe financial hardship. In terms of the bottom line of one's life, it is always better to do something one feels good about than something that may make us materially comfortable but emotionally miserable. Such decisions are notoriously difficult and require great honesty with oneself.article continues after advertisementgoogletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1468856734952-0'); });Short of making such a dramatic switch, there are many ways to make one's job produce flow. A supermarket clerk who pays genuine attention to customers, a physician concerned about the total well-being of patients, or a news reporter who considers truth at least as important as sensational interest when writing a story, can transform a routine job into one that makes a difference. Turning a dull jot into one that satisfies our need for novelty and achievement involves paying close attention to each step involved, and then asking: Is this step necessary? Can it be done better, faster, more efficiently? What additional steps could make my contribution more valuable? If, instead of spending a lot of effort trying to cut corners, one spent the same amount of attention trying to find ways to accomplish more on the job, one would enjoy working--more and probably be more successful. When approached without too many cultural prejudices and with a determination to make it personally meaningful, even the most mundane job can produce flow.The same type of approach is needed for solving the problem of stress at work. First, establish priorities among the demands that crowd into consciousness. Successful people often make lists or flowcharts of all the things they have to do, and quickly decide which tasks they can delegate or forget, and which ones they have to tackle personally, and in what order. The next step is to match one's skills with whatever challenges have been identified. There will be tasks we feel incompetent to deal with. Can you learn the skills required in time? Can you get help? Can the task be transformed, or broken into simpler parts? Usually the answer to one of these questions will provide a solution;that transforms a potentially stressful situation into a flow experience.
  33. Nov 2017
    1. In hypo-egoic states, people have minimal thoughts about themselves, their reputations, and how people perceive them. They are more focused on concrete present-moment situations and outcomes in which they are not ego-involved or personally invested. Hypo-egoic states can include flow, loss of self-consciousness, and transcendence.
    1. While the title of this report does not really imply anything to contradict the results of the testing of the theory, the content of the report itself leaves room for interpretation as to what these results mean and who it applies to. The main study referenced conducted by the University of Rome (Loffredo) does show that the participants who were given dark chocolate showed a higher acute result than those who were given milk chocolate, their study was made up of a small group of 20. It could also be pointed out that they did not establish a portion of their group who were tested without the ingestion of chocolate to establish a better baseline for their results. Participants endurance on a treadmill was used to measure the effects of the chocolate, but there is no indication of how or if the participants increase in ambulatory movement, or having “warmed up” with their baseline test day may have contributed to the improved results after the chocolate was administered. Another point to note is where the author mentions a previous report she submitted (Aubrey) covering the similarity of the results of the chocolate study to a study on the affects of meditation on the body. While the result may be considered similar, the way the results were achieved were very different. The wording in the studies referenced for the benefits of meditation reflect a psychological improvement as a means for a physical response, while the chocolate experiment was testing a chemical application for a physiological response. This article, although not wrong or misrepresenting the study, simplifies much of the work and applies it to the general public. The author does manage to address that the study is incomplete, as an afterthought and could easily be interpreted as having less weight than the argument for chocolate treatment by simply being under represented or under explained. Further investigation is definitely needed to understand the “how and why” of the affects of chocolate/polyphenols on our bodies before we can set any sort of prescription in place. The study would need to be much more comprehensive or added to others that test this same result on other demographics to determine if the affects can be replicated on everyone, or to narrow down if they only get this result with those who have PAD.

      Aubrey, A. (2008, August 21). To Lower Blood Pressure, Open Up And Say 'Om'. Retrieved November 09, 2017, from https://www.npr.org/2008/08/21/93796200/to-lower-blood-pressure-open-up-and-say-om MPH, M. G. (2014, March 01). Meditation for Psychological Stress and Well-being. Retrieved November 09, 2017, from https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/1809754 Loffredo, L., Perri, L., Catasca, E., Pignatelli, P., Brancorsini, M., Nocella, C., . . . Violi, F. (2014, August 21). Dark Chocolate Acutely Improves Walking Autonomy in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease. Retrieved November 09, 2017, from http://jaha.ahajournals.org/content/3/4/e001072

  34. Oct 2017
    1. ould be nice if the process of figuring out what causes what is as simple as the light-switch example, but even this example is not as simple as it seems

      I feel like this sentence could be phrased differently; when reading "figuring out what causes what", it does not seem to flow smoothly.

  35. Aug 2017