298 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2024
    1. to the change from books to articles and papers, whichleads to a large amount of duplication, and the ne-cessity of wading through a great deal of what doesnot interest us directly.

      Since 1908 there's also been the move towards small digestible social media which increases the dial on repetition and duplication, but the sense of flow created by dopamine hits to be found in the attention economy make these difficult things to overcome.

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  2. Mar 2024
    1. Hypomenorrhea

      Hypomenorrhea, characterized by unusually light menstrual flow, can be a normal variation for some women but may also indicate underlying health issues. It’s important to consider various factors when addressing hypomenorrhea:

      • Normal Variation: For some women, light periods are genetic and not a cause for concern. It’s worth investigating family history, as similar patterns may be found among female relatives.
      • Lifestyle Factors: Stress, significant weight changes, and excessive exercise can impact menstrual flow. Ensuring a balanced lifestyle may help regulate the cycle.
      • Contraceptive Use: Hormonal contraceptives can lead to lighter periods as they often thin the endometrial lining, reducing the amount of blood shed during menstruation1.
      • Medical Conditions: Conditions like thyroid disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or Asherman’s syndrome can cause hypomenorrhea. Consulting with a healthcare provider is crucial for proper diagnosis and treatment.
      • Age-Related Changes: Menstrual flow can naturally become lighter as one approaches menopause or just after puberty due to hormonal fluctuations.

      https://justpaste.it/Light-Period-Flow-Hypomenorrhea

    1. 1:47:00 Cal Newport has insomnia. He though out his productivity protocols in part as a response to this.

      Also see Rian Doris who had problems that led him to dive into flow

    2. 36:00 Not everything is flow. Some stuff is hard and taxing. Like deliberate practice. (Cal Newport) This was a debate between flow advocates versus none.

      Also see idea of work as hard or enjoyment

      38:00 Huberman on flow being a romantic idea. He asks Cal Newport about flow. Newport states that flow doesn't really have a place in the deep work framework. Deep work is not flow because it is beyond your cognitive comfort zone.

      40:00 Flow is more linked to a performance than training

      56:00 Huberman likening flow to something as dropping into a deep groove. You can't just drop into this immediately.

      Newport proposing an alternative term to flow neural semantic coherence

    1. The only time I’ve ever found “flow” doing hard work is when I have a break through, which seems to be exactly after that “curious zone found somewhere in between”. It’s when I’ve reached the top of the hill, having pushed/slogged through the hard part.

      Comment: Might these people be stuck in the struggle phase of the flow cycle? I think there is something else to it.

    2. Beyond Flow
    1. 53:00 Sleep is a state of consciousness. You can't apply techniques to sleep.

      Similarly, flow is a state of consciousness. It is something that happens to you. Create an environment that is conducive for sleep or flow to emerge.

    1. 56:00 The host presents an ultimate dilemma: between hard work and enjoyment in youth.

      For me, there is no dilemma. If one can tap into states of flow, work itself becomes enjoyable. And, it is reduced to like 3/4 hours. Hustle and grind is even counter productive to being productive.

  3. Feb 2024
    1. Mining authorities and traders78 told the Group that from September 2021 to atleast March 2022, illicit cross-border trading in untagged coltan 79 from mines inMasisi territory into Rwanda had increased. This was confirmed by the InternationalTin Association (ITA) (see annex 44). Four private sector sources described how theincreased smuggling was due to, inter alia, the creation of a new joint venture, CongoFair Mining, in December 2020 and changes in buying practices on the part of coltantrading houses in Goma (see annex 45).79. A criminal network of traders, including some COOPERAMMA members, withthe support of Robert Habinshuti Seninga (see S/2021/560, para. 64),80 transportedhundreds of kilograms of coltan from mines in Masisi territory to Go ma, together withvarying quantities of tourmaline from the Rukaza mine (see S/2021/560, para. 62).From Goma, the minerals were being smuggled into Rwanda for onward sale (seeannex 46). This compromised the integrity of some coltan supply chains in Rwandacovered by the International Tin Supply Chain initiative (ITSCI) for responsiblesupply chains of ITA. Rwandan authorities told the Group that no smuggled mineralshad been intercepted in Rwanda in 2020 or 2021.80. Congolese authorities took steps to intercept the illicit trading. In February2022, they apprehended several hundreds of thousands of dollars’ worth of untaggedcoltan intended for transport to Goma. One load was accompanied by an FARDCmember (see annex 47)

      Example

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  4. Jan 2024
    1. How to beat procrastination?

      07.00 Clear goals — goals that focus on the action, not the outcome. (Very specific)

      See GTD on next-actions that make a distinction between outcomes (projects) and clear goals (Next-Actions)

      "This keeps your brain from wondering, what is the first step?"

      10.00 Challenge-skill balance. Find sweet spot where challenge is slightly more than your skill level. Too much challenge is anxiety, too little is boredom. How to tune it? (1) Lower the hurdle. (2) Compress time for a given task. (3) Define scope (What needs to be done? Why? How long?)

      14.00 Bypassing/response inhibition. Engaging in a task as soon as you are committed. Don't waver. Sleep to flow is an example.

      17.30 Flow payoff — have long blocks of focus, where the struggle to get into flow is actually worth it.

  5. Dec 2023
    1. Almost by definition this would significantly alleviate poverty, as society’s resources will need to move from furnishing the relative luxuries of people like me (along with Elon Musk and Bill Gates) and be mobilised to decarbonise every facet of society. And all this in two decades tops
      • for: climate crisis - resource flow, carbon budget - resource flow, carbon budget - resource redistribution

      • comment

        • This is really a major change in the way resource flows
        • The high consuming countries and individuals need to drop their consumption drastically and give those to the decarbonization effort and to the disenfranchised who need to be uplifted to a state of wellbeing
    1. 31:00 Technological advancement makes flow more important than ever. We need flow to solve complex problems. However, flow is harder to attain with tech advancing — more distractions, less focus, more information.

    2. 04:18 All flow triggers are either (a) reducing cognitive load, or (b) increasing dopamine or norepinephrine, that drive focus.

      Rian Doris people to first start reducing cognitive load. People are overwhelmed and feel like they can't take on new habits and tactics. He recommends to remove clutter from one's life. The more clutter we remove, the more time is left for flow.

    1. 08:30 High action sports like F1 have a higher innate rate of pregression due to their being flow, naturally, in these sports

    1. Psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi on the value of daily surprises: “Try to be surprised by something every day. It could be something you see, hear, or read about. Stop to look at the unusual car parked at the curb, taste the new item on the cafeteria menu, actually listen to your colleague at the office. How is this different from other similar cars, dishes or conversations? What is its essence? Don’t assume that you already know what these things are all about, or that even if you knew them, they wouldn’t matter anyway. Experience this one thing for what it is, not what you think it is. Be open to what the world is telling you. Life is nothing more than a stream of experiences — the more widely and deeply you swim in it, the richer your life will be.” Source: ​Creativity

      Reminds me of the quote of Einstein - you can act as if everything is a wonder, or nothing is a wonder. It is important because curiosity is really an energy that moves you beyond ego. It is interesting because the idea of life being a stream of experiences is a very nourishing idea.

    1. Those concepts of education, media, parenting, political economy etc are all human constructs — classifications or categories we created to help us think about things in bite-sized chunks. They are the products and tools of analysis, reductions of reality. They’re all orange-side techniques and artefacts!
      • for: question - kariotic flow - examples of purple side

      • question: kariotic flow - purple side examples

        • Could Kylie provide corresponding purple side examples fo these specific orange side processes?
    2. By consistently avoiding and devaluing the activities of the purple-side Archetypes, we have effectively disconnected the brakes, and disconnected our civilisation from reality.The orange-side
      • for: salience mismatch, question - provide examples - kariotic flow

      • question: Can Kylie provide an example of some damaging right side activities and how it could be corrected by including the corresponding left side activities?

    3. So Kairotic Flow doesn’t analyse and it doesn’t bring together the results of analysis. Instead, it focuses on relevant scope as a whole, in context, allowing patterns to emerge into our awareness, without taking things apart in the first place.
      • for: critique - without analysis, kariotic flow - emptiness, kariotic flow - entanglement

      • critique: without analysis

        • really? Or has the analysis just gone to a deeper, subconscious level?
        • everything a person has learned in life creates a complex network of ideas that is like a giant, invisible toolbox ready to be drawn upon when the environmental context cues trigger a response from the toolbox
        • this would be impossible if years of past analysis and abstraction was not already done
        • any intelligent response to an event that emerge in our environment is not arbitrary, but draws upon this complex, learned past
    4. To restate another way, every single time we try to navigate real life (including the metacrisis) by focusing our attention on human-created constructs like economy and education, we automatically double down on dissociating from reality. As Daniel says, it is reductionistic to do this. That’s the nice way of putting it. Losing touch with reality is also the literal definition of psychotic.
      • for: critique - language

      • question: navigating without language

      • critique: language
      • adjacency between
        • kariotic flow
        • word intent
        • epoche
        • is the author sayng that we can and must navigator without language and ideas? If so, I don't see how that is possible, since language shapes the way we experience reality. Decades of languages training has become a part of the way we experience reality now and I don't see how it can become undone.
        • I've explored my entire life, in fact to determine it's itt is possible to undo this deep linguistic conditioning
          • my latest explorations of epoche are towards this direction
    5. Culturally, and throughout our global civilisation’s systems and structures, we systemically and continuously overemphasise the innovating-constructing-standardising Archetypal activities on the orange side of the Kairotic Flow cycle, while devaluing and avoiding the nurturing-decomposing-reorienting activities of the Archetypes on the purple side of the cycle.This might not sound like much, but the consequences are profound.
      • for: kariotic flow - metacrisis explanation, question - salience

      • question: salience

      • critique,: inadequate explanation
        • I don't understand the salience of why the right half needs that left half.
        • I think the ideas are too abstract and while years of experience may make the author familiar with our salience, to a new mind looking at the ideas for the first time, there is a salience mismatch because they semantic fingerprints are different
        • a few concrete examples of , how this works to explain the metacrisis would be very helpful
        • there isn't enough time spent illuminating and explaining what each of these 6b abstract ideas are our why they are assigned such strategic importance. Hence, I do not appreciate their salience and the salience mishmash occurs
  6. Nov 2023
    1. Improved blank slate experiences: After a user signs in using a social media account, site owners have the ability to auto-suggest or auto-populate their settings with information held in their social account. This lets organizations create a first impression of convenience and encourage further use of their apps and site.
    1. 04:00 passion creates focused attention which, in turn, creates a flow state, which creates more passion (virtuous cycle)

    1. 13:00 the right flow of information is sweetspot between overwhelm and being bored (too little information)

      16:00 balancing consumption and creation is sweetspot

  7. Oct 2023
    1. Morgan, Robert R. “Opinion | Hard-Pressed Teachers Don’t Have a Choice on Multiple Choice.” The New York Times, October 22, 1988, sec. Opinion. https://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/22/opinion/l-hard-pressed-teachers-don-t-have-a-choice-on-multiple-choice-563988.html.

      https://web.archive.org/web/20150525091818/https://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/22/opinion/l-hard-pressed-teachers-don-t-have-a-choice-on-multiple-choice-563988.html. Internet Archive.

      Example of a teacher pressed into multiple-choice tests for evaluation for time constraints on grading.

      He falls prey to the teacher's guilt of feeling they need to grade every single essay written. This may be possible at the higher paid levels of university teaching with incredibly low student to teacher ratios, but not at the mass production level of public education.

      While we'd like to have education match the mass production assembly lines of the industrial revolution, this is sadly nowhere near the case with current technology. Why fall prey to the logical trap?

    1. 37:00 solving problems/goals (projects) as creating flow (see this as challenge, seeking improvement)

      And also have a vision, which you then break down into goals, projects, etc. (Horizons)

    1. 09:00 increases performance increasing neurochemicals & lowering cognitive load - these drive you into flow state, which releases a bunch of other neurochemicals - intrinsic motivation leads into flow, the flow state highers intrinsic motivation, (virtuous cycle)

  8. Sep 2023
    1. Flow triggers are different for everyone, so understanding your individual flow triggers can help you learn how to perform your best.

      flow triggers are diff for everyone, ie. identify the right one for the right person

    1. 08:00 True mastery lies in flow, where action is not forced (Musashi on flow)

      09:00 harmonising mind, body, and universe, as way to reach flow & detachment

      • see zk on following natural interest, our following the quickening of the spirit, as a process of understanding and harmony
    1. In Protestant countries, such as in Britain, coffee was thought to have antierotic as well as mentally stimulating properties.[6] The idea that coffee would spur people into work and improve the quality of such work was highly compatible with the Protestant work ethic ideology. Free of sexual distractions and instilling asceticism, people could presumably live free from sin. It was seen as a positive alternative to alcohol, and Protestant visitors to the Ottoman Empire saw it as consistent was the Christian (Protestant) values of temperance and the Protestant work ethic.[6]

      Coffee as consistent with protestant work ethic

      • see coffee as source for flow (in combination with distributed cognition)
    1. 56:00 inspiration and motivation in hard environment is different

      • see zk on using inspiration as getaway to flow
    2. 43:00 starting war

      • see zk on Wu Wei (and try to rhyme these)
    1. thinking process when writing had to be inspired (by something deeper)

      • see only writing what comes natural, following natural movements, wu wei
      • 20:47 Only creating out of flow a problem for people; “how often, or can we even, get there” (good market research)
      • 24:17 you can’t force the process of creativity (exactly, Wu Wei)
  9. Aug 2023
      • 1:23:20 Vision Pro as infinite Canvas
      • Mac from personal computing, mobile computing, to spatial computing
      • omg, it changes environment (contribution to flow, inducing novelty?)
      • new os (VisionOS)
  10. Jul 2023
    1. Much of Buddhist philosophy centers around this same idea, this balance between what’s being phrased as “intention” and “attention” – our intentional curiosity about knowledge and growth, and our choice of where to focus our awareness, what to pay attention to. So that, I think, is the role of information curators: They are our curiosity sherpas, who lead us to things we didn’t know we were interested in until we, well, until we are. Until we pay attention to them — because someone whose taste and opinion we trust points us to them, and we integrate them with our existing pool of resources, and they become a part of our networked knowledge and another LEGO piece in our combinatorial creativity.

      My view: intention as what to gather/learn, attention as what to do in the moment, looking at a note, which makes us aware of that thing, which results into curiosity (also good entry to flow)

    1. histories of three attempts to generate a comprehensive lexicon of Latinity.

      https://www.history.msstate.edu/directory/cf1258

      Christian Flow has studied three attempts to create a comprehensive lexicon of Latinity.

      The TLL would be one, what did the other two look like? When were they?

    1. If spirit and productivity seem like an unlikely pairing, consider how we describe work we're fully invested in. We "flow" with it, we “move” with it, we “get in the zone,” we “space out.”

      Flow as a spirit of productivity

    1. You can tell people just like I have you to focus their attention, choose a target. Imagine there's a spotlight shining just on it. Don't pay much attention to what's in your periphery almost as if you have like blinders on, right? So don't pay attention to those distractors. People can do that. We have them talk to us about like, well, what is it that you're focused on? What's catching your attention right now? Those are easy instructions to understand and it's easy to make your eyes do it. What's important though is that that's not what their eyes do naturally. When they're walking or when they're running, people do take a sort of wider perspective. They broaden their scope of attention relative to what these instructions are having them do. And when we taught people that narrowed style of attention, what we found is that they moved 23% faster in this course that we had set up. From the start line to the finish line, it was always exactly the same distance. And we were using our stop watches to see how fast did they move. They moved 23% faster and they said it hurt 17% less. Right? So exactly the same actual experience, but subjectively it was easier and they performed better. They increase the efficiency of this particular exercise.

      (24:58) In order to perform significantly better, you need to FOCUS your attention on a single thing only. Multitasking won't work, and thinking about different things at once also doesn't work. Set up your environment to foster this insane level of focus.

      • Caffeine as backbone of civilization
      • caffeine archetype ( I am the mindful master)
      • high correlation between flow & caffeine
      • associate caffeine with flow (I also do this with flow music)
      • shortcut struggle phase with caffeine
      • caffeine timing (1 to 1.5 hours until waking & 10 hours before sleep no caffeine)
      • proper dosage (test what works) 4.1 higher dosage when lack of sleep
      • what caffeine synergizes most (for me, probably coffee, in particular espresso) 5.1 double water intake when drinking caffeine (I always try to do this) 6 keep caffeine sensitivity high (1 day per week off, 1 week per quarter off)
  11. Jun 2023
      • reduce perceived exertion (change positions) & reduce perceived effort (change places)
      • main environment for (1) sitting (2) standing (3) walking
      • standing set-up: motion board (& budget standing desk with books etc.)
      • changing walking set-ups
      • change working environments that are different from each other (for novelty)
      • (1) three main environments to change positions (dip in energy/work is getting hard) (2) three additional environments to change places (when fatigue kicks in)
      • take breaks that are "boring" (do nothing, stare at wall, break activities: stretching, breathing, meditating)
    1. (4 pillars of flow) 1. flow blockers 2. flow proneness 3. flow triggers 4. flow cycle

      • release from flow, go into recovery, don't snap
      • less hours forces the person the be more effective, you also get obligations done within 3/4 hour block, and afterward, you can process and think about deeper things, be spontaneous, still do work, but it is not a obligation (work as leisure, as well?)
      • waking up in 90 sec doing most important work bec mornings your "flow proneness" is high
      • recovery is important, as well (morning routines should help with flow proneness and recovery, but bec you are flow prone in the morning, do the work, and do recovery in other parts)
      • plan most important task (thing you will do after waking) the night before
    1. 12:00 Allen talks about the science of flow, but doesn't coin the term explicitly, he only refers to it as being in the zone. This makes sense: gtd makes you know your commitments, and helps you to focus on one thing at a time, undistracted, which gets you into flow.

    1. Set a domino habit (the central point of your day): a habit that makes everything else better for the rest of the day.

      Then, make temporal landmarks (and set alarms as reminders, hinges) which function as beacon to transition throughout the day, to make sure you can hit your domino habit.

    1. Actually, as Davidson argues, multitasking helps us see more and do more, and experience texts and tasks in different ways. There’s no evidence that anyone ever was deeply reading for hours on end with no interruptions. All we have are claims from Plato saying that writing is going to kill our ability to memorize. Our minds have always been wandering; we’ve always been distractible. We’ve always been doodling on the sides of pages, or thinking about our lunch, or stopping to converse with someone. Now we just have distraction that’s more readily available and purposefully attuned to distracting us — like popup ads, notifications; things that quite literally fly across your screen to distract you. But the fact that we have students who have grown up with those and have trained themselves to deal with those in such interesting ways is something that I think we should bring into the classroom and be talking about and critically thinking about

      1) the point that multitasking can offer different experiences with texts and tasks is interesting to me. initially, the comparison between multitasking and single-tasking seems like a clear distinction between what is beneficial (focus) and what is detrimental (distraction)

      2) taking a bold stance, i would venture to say that there exists a significant number of individuals who engage in deep work, which is perhaps one of the most profound pursuits throughout human history. after all, most of us have experienced a state of flow at least once, to some extent, and our brains subconsciously crave this state of heightened focus and productivity

      3) this observation all the more underscores the rarity of deep work in a world that is perpetually plagued by distractions

      here is one of my notes from deep work by cal newport:

      the connection between depth and meaning in human experience is undeniable. whether approached from the perspectives of neuroscience, psychology, or philosophy, there appears to be a profound correlation between engaging in deep, meaningful activities and a sense of fulfillment. this suggests that our species may have evolved to thrive in the realm of deep work and purposeful engagement

  12. May 2023
    1. seriously considering moving my research into a different app, or vault to keep it segregated from the slip box

      ? the notes are the research/learning, no? Not only a residue of it. Is this a mix-up between the old stock and flow disc in (P)KM and the sense it needs to be one or the other? Both! That allows dancing with it.

  13. Apr 2023
    1. As I see it, there are two hard things about getting into flow: loading the state of the system / problem / abstractions into your head (i.e. filling your L1 and L2 cache with everything you need to know to work on the problem) and building momentum and confidence for yourself.

      Hard things for entering the flow

  14. Mar 2023
    1. You may want to find out what accounts for the difference in behaviour between the two countries.

      Why is this here? This statement or call to action seems hidden or out of place. Is the answer to the call to action something you want to expand on for this section?

    1. from Fig 2.2,

      This Figure 2.2 should also be on this page and in this section. Students should not have to go back and find it again to understand this concept. This Fig 2.2 is also needed here since it is used to compare with Fig 2.5

    2. Fig 2.3

      Again, if making reference to Fig 2.3, it should be shown here so students don't need to go back and search for it since it will be used as comparison for this learning box.

    1. Bacterial cells are typically one thousandth the volume of mammalian cells, which places them near the edge of instrument detection. At this size it can be challenging to differentiate viable cells from debris of similar size
    1. here's a trivial example of why the "standard" geometric mean  is not a good estimate of central tendency when you have values near  zero.
    1. o improve accuracy, Sony hasintroduced the Weighted Least Square Method (WLSM) al-gorithm. In WLSM, the square value of residuals are individu-ally weighted

      The weight is imposed so that theresiduals in bright channels are relatively under weightedcompared to dim channels

    1. they involve the flow state. For this it is necessary to make use of adaptability that in the educational scope allows the personalization of the experience to extend the immersion and fun.

      Use of games involve the flow state. flow state is perhaps the most valuable state a student or anyone trying to learn something could be in. Flow combined with the acquisition of knowledge is a rare occassion that cannot be compared when taking education and insight as valuable with any other state (the normal state). (One could argue Thomas Campbell's trancedental medititative state, but he was a natural 'Talent', and it involves a practice of TM (Transcedental Meditation) that is beyond the scope of the ability of many educational settings to provide or consider).

  15. Feb 2023
    1. “I only dowhat is easy. I only write when I immediately know how to do it. If Ifalter for a moment, I put the matter aside and do something else.”(Luhmann et al., 1987, 154f.)[4]

      https://youtu.be/qRSCKSPMuDc?t=37m30s (all links are on takesmartnotes.com)<br /> Luhmann, Niklas, Dirk Baecker, and Georg Stanitzek. 1987. Archimedes und wir: Interviews. Berlin: Merve.

    2. “I only dowhat is easy. I only write when I immediately know how to do it. If Ifalter for a moment, I put the matter aside and do something else.”(Luhmann et al., 1987, 154f.)[4]

      By "easy" here, I think he also includes the ideas of fun, interesting, pleasurable, and (Csikszentmihalyi's) flow.

    1. Most notes systems fail at the seemingly elementary requirement of matching the way you think.

      This makes me want to create RoundPegRoundHole. But then I'm not sure whether this should be in h. or tw. I would lean towards a public tw which has the feeling of TV Tropes in that it's a database of patterns. Perhaps that's the use case of publishing a subset of a tw/Zettelkasten.

      The other (meta) thought this generated was how the decision of whether to be public or private interrupts the pleasant flow that comes from knowing exactly where to put a note and how to divide a thought. This is what experience tiddlywiki fluency is trying to capture.

  16. Jan 2023
    1. Therefore, we propose that flow and hyperfocus are the same phenomenon. Although we are mindful that just because two phenomena are descriptively similar, they are not necessarily mechanistically identical, there is no evidence to suggest that either flow or hyperfocus are distinct.

      Ashinoff and Abu-Akel propose an equivalence between "flow" and "hyperfocus". They mention later in this paper that "flow" is more often used in positive psychology literature whereas "hyperfocus" is more often used in psychiatric literature. Even so, they also qualify that they may just appear to be the same (ie, descriptively similar) while having a different cause (ie, mechanism of action).

  17. Nov 2022
    1. As you note, Activity diagrams inherently can include concurrency and timing. If you look at this example cribbed from Wikipedia, shown below, you can observe the section with two heavy horizontal bars, and two parallel activities of "present idea" and "record idea". That is read as "start these activities in parallel, and continue only when both are complete." Flowcharts can't express this within the notation. Practically, using activity diagrams lets you think clearly about concurrent processes. I think you'll find that anyone who can read a flowchart will quickly adapt.
  18. Oct 2022
    1. Additionally, make sure to use both forward and side scatter on log scale when measuring microparticles or microbiological samples like bacteria. These types of particles generate dim scatter signals that are close to the cytometer’s noise, so it’s often necessary to visualize signal on a log scale in order to separate the signal from scatter noise.
  19. Sep 2022
    1. https://lu.ma/az338ptc

      Joey Cofone: Are there laws to creativity?

      Joey Cofone, author of the upcoming book The Laws of Creativity, is selling the idea of "float" (in comparison to Mihaly Csikzentmihaly's "flow"), which is ostensibly similar to Barbara Oakley's diffuse thinking framework, Nassim Nicholas Taleb's flâneur framing, and a dose of the Zeigarnik effect.

      I'm concerned that this book will be broadly prescriptive without any founding on any of the extant research, literature, or science of the past. I'll think more highly of it if it were to quote/reference something like Merton and Barber's The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity: A Study in Sociological Semantics and the Sociology of Science.


      Following on the above:

      David Allen (of GTD fame) indicates that one should close all open loops to free up working memory, but leaving some open for active thought, follow up, and potential future insight creation can be a useful pattern too. (2022-09-09 9:05 AM)

  20. Aug 2022
    1. I like to think of thoughts as streaming information, so I don’t need to tag and categorize them as we do with batched data. Instead, using time as an index and sticky notes to mark slices of info solves most of my use cases. Graph notebooks like Obsidian think of information as batched data. So you have a set of notes (samples) that you try to aggregate, categorize, and connect. Sure there’s a use case for that: I can’t imagine a company wiki presented as streaming info! But I don’t think it aids me in how I usually think. When thinking with pen and paper, I prefer managing streamed information first, then converting it into batched information later— a blog post, documentation, etc.

      There's an interesting dichotomy between streaming information and batched data here, but it isn't well delineated and doesn't add much to the discussion as a result. Perhaps distilling it down may help? There's a kernel of something useful here, but it isn't immediately apparent.

      Relation to stock and flow or the idea of the garden and the stream?

  21. Jul 2022
  22. bafybeibbaxootewsjtggkv7vpuu5yluatzsk6l7x5yzmko6rivxzh6qna4.ipfs.dweb.link bafybeibbaxootewsjtggkv7vpuu5yluatzsk6l7x5yzmko6rivxzh6qna4.ipfs.dweb.link
    1. Possibly the most useful paradigm to understand individual drive is the psychological concept offlow, which was derived from numerous observations of how people feel while performing differenttypes of activity (Csikszentmihalyi, 1990; Nakamura & Csikszentmihalyi, 2002). “Flow” refers tothe pleasurable state experienced when the activity, while intensely focused, proceeds in aseemingly effortless, flowing manner—because every action immediately elicits the next action,without any hesitation, worry or self-consciousness. In such a state, continuing the activity becomesthe only real concern, while everything else is pushed to the back of the mind. That is exactly thekind of focus and commitment that we expect from a good mobilization system. The gratifying,addictive quality of computer games is commonly explained by their capacity to produce flow(Cowley, Charles, Black, & Hickey, 2008).The basic conditions needed to generate flow are:• the activity has clear goals;• every action produces an immediate feedback.• the degree of difficulty or challenge of the task remains in balance with the level of skill

      Helping individuals achieve the feeling of flow is a prime motivator.

      Definition: Flow is the pleasurable state experienced when the activity, while intensely focused, proceeds in a seemingly effortless, flowing manner—because every action immediately elicits the next action, without any hesitation, worry or self-consciousness.

      Three conditions to achieve flow state: 1. have clear goals; 2. every action produces an immediate feedback. 3. the degree of difficulty or challenge of the task remains in balance with the level of skill

    2. Recently a number of techniques have been developed that stimulate people to act towards specificobjectives. These include persuasive technologies, gamification, user experiences, and various methods andtools used in open-source and other communities to encourage and organize participation. After surveyingvarious examples of such applications, we generalize these approaches by proposing a new theoreticalframework. The basic concept is a mobilization system, defined as an ICT environment that motivates andcoordinates the actions of people, so as to increase their focus and commitment, while minimizing distraction,hesitation and procrastination. We then analyze the fundamental mechanisms of (individual) motivation and(collective) coordination, starting from Csikszentmihalyi’s concept of flow and the mechanism of stigmergy.The basic requirements are clear goals in line with real needs, immediate and rich feedback, challenges inbalance with the user’s skill levels, and a shared workspace in which all tasks and results are registered forevery contributor to see. We conclude our review of mobilization systems by pointing out their potentialdangers, such as addiction and political or commercial exploitation, as well as their potential benefits, indomains such as work, health, education and research

      Definition: An ICT environment that motivates and coordinates the actions of people, so as to increase their focus and commitment, while minimizing distraction, hesitation and procrastination

      Q1: How to motivate individuals? Q2: How to coordinate the collective?

      Analyzed using: 1. Csikszentmihalyi’s concept of flow <br /> 2. stigmergy

  23. Jun 2022
    1. Third, sharing our ideas with others introduces a major element ofserendipity

      There is lots of serendipity here, particularly when people are willing to either share their knowledge or feel compelled to share it as part of an imagined life "competition" or even low forms of mansplaining, though this last tends to be called this when the ultimate idea isn't serendipitous but potentially so commonly known that there is no insight in the information.

      This sort of "public serendipity" or "group serendipity" is nice because it means that much of the work of discovery and connecting ideas is done by others against your own work rather that you sorting/searching through your own more limited realm of work to potentially create it.

      Group focused combinatorial creativity can be dramatically more powerful than that done on one's own. This can be part of the major value behind public digital gardens, zettelkasten, etc.

    2. Third, sharing our ideas with others introduces a major element ofserendipity. When you present an idea to another person, theirreaction is inherently unpredictable. They will often be completelyuninterested in an aspect you think is utterly fascinating; they aren’tnecessarily right or wrong, but you can use that information eitherway. The reverse can also happen. You might think something isobvious, while they find it mind-blowing. That is also usefulinformation. Others might point out aspects of an idea you neverconsidered, suggest looking at sources you never knew existed, orcontribute their own ideas to make it better. All these forms offeedback are ways of drawing on not only your first and SecondBrains, but the brains of others as well.

      I like that he touches on one of the important parts of the gardens and streams portion of online digital gardens here, though he doesn't tacitly frame it this way.

    1. The summary of Hoy’s post makes a point similar to Caulfield’s piece, but more pronounced: the wide-spread adoption of the blog format killed gardens. The dichotomy is the same; here, we also have a causality of demise.

      The blog killed online gardens in some sense because of it's time-ordered stream of content. While it was generally a slower moving stream than that of social media platforms like Twitter which came later, it was still a stream.

    1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bWkwOefBPZY

      Some of the basic outline of this looks like OER (Open Educational Resources) and its "five Rs": Retain, Reuse, Revise, Remix and/or Redistribute content. (To which I've already suggested the sixth: Request update (or revision control).

      Some of this is similar to:

      The Read Write Web is no longer sufficient. I want the Read Fork Write Merge Web. #osb11 lunch table. #diso #indieweb [Tantek Çelik](http://tantek.com/2011/174/t1/read-fork-write-merge-web-osb110

      Idea of collections of learning as collections or "playlists" or "readlists". Similar to the old tool Readlist which bundled articles into books relatively easily. See also: https://boffosocko.com/2022/03/26/indieweb-readlists-tools-and-brainstorming/

      Use of Wiki version histories

      Some of this has the form of a Wiki but with smaller nuggets of information (sort of like Tiddlywiki perhaps, which also allows for creating custom orderings of things which had specific URLs for displaying and sharing them.) The Zettelkasten idea has some of this embedded into it. Shared zettelkasten could be an interesting thing.

      Data is the new soil. A way to reframe "data is the new oil" but as a part of the commons. This fits well into the gardens and streams metaphor.

      Jerry, have you seen Matt Ridley's work on Ideas Have Sex? https://www.ted.com/talks/matt_ridley_when_ideas_have_sex Of course you have: https://app.thebrain.com/brains/3d80058c-14d8-5361-0b61-a061f89baf87/thoughts/3e2c5c75-fc49-0688-f455-6de58e4487f1/attachments/8aab91d4-5fc8-93fe-7850-d6fa828c10a9

      I've heard Jerry mention the idea of "crystallization of knowledge" before. How can we concretely link this version with Cesar Hidalgo's work, esp. Why Information Grows.

      Cross reference Jerry's Brain: https://app.thebrain.com/brains/3d80058c-14d8-5361-0b61-a061f89baf87/thoughts/4bfe6526-9884-4b6d-9548-23659da7811e/notes

    1. A recent book that advocates for this idea is Range: Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized world by David Epstein. Consider reading Cal Newport’s So Good They Can’t Ignore You along side it: So Good They Can’t Ignore You focuses on building up “career capital,” which is important for everyone but especially people with a lot of different interests.1 People interested in interdisciplinary work (including students graduating from liberal arts or other general programs) might seem “behind” at first, but with time to develop career capital these graduates can outpace their more specialist peers.

      Similar to the way that bi-lingual/dual immersion language students may temporarily fall behind their peers in 3rd and 4th grade, but rocket ahead later in high school, those interested in interdisciplinary work may seem to lag, but later outpace their lesser specializing peers.

      What is the underlying mechanism for providing the acceleration boosts in these models? Are they really the same or is this effect just a coincidence?

      Is there something about the dual stock and double experience or even diversity of thought that provides the acceleration? Is there anything in the pedagogy or productivity research space to explain it?

  24. May 2022
  25. hamamoozfiles.s3.ir-thr-at1.arvanstorage.com hamamoozfiles.s3.ir-thr-at1.arvanstorage.com
    1. هدف باید مشخص باشه و ریز (برای یک قسمت کار) مثل : ساخت حساب کاربری رابطه باید یک طرفه باشه باید هر مرحله رو زیرش توضیح بدیم تیک ضربدر میشه به فلوهای مجزا تقسیم کرد

    2. Flow شبیه به الگوریتم و فلوچارت هست

      فلوی کاربری

    3. مراحل نوشتن یوزر فلو: شناسایی هدف کاربر (ریز اهداف ) نوشتن قدم های لازم برای رسیدن به هدف کشیدن فلوی کاربر

    4. مراحی که کاربر برای رسیدن به هدفش انجام میدهد باید طوری طراحی شود که کاربرد به بنبست نرسد و به مشکل نخورد.

      overflow.io flowmapp. analytics google

  26. Apr 2022
    1. The combined stuff is available to components using the page store as $page.stuff, providing a mechanism for pages to pass data 'upward' to layouts.

      bidirectional data flow ?! That's a game changer.

      analogue in Rails: content_for

      https://github.com/sveltejs/kit/pull/3252/files

    1. We have to endlessly scroll and parse a ton of images and headlines before we can find something interesting to read.

      The randomness of interesting tidbits in a social media scroll help to put us in a state of flow. We get small hits of dopamine from finding interesting posts to fill in the gaps of the boring bits in between and suddenly find we've lost the day. As a result an endless scroll of varying quality might have the effect of making one feel productive when in fact a reasonably large proportion of your time is spent on useless and uninteresting content.

      This effect may be put even further out when it's done algorithmically and the dopamine hits become more frequent. Potentially worse than this, the depth of the insight found in most social feeds is very shallow and rarely ever deep. One is almost never invited to delve further to find new insights.


      How might a social media stream of content be leveraged to help people read more interesting and complex content? Could putting Jacques Derrida's texts into a social media-like framing create this? Then one could reply to the text by sentence or paragraph with their own notes. This is similar to the user interface of Hypothes.is, but Hypothes.is has a more traditional reading interface compared to the social media space. What if one interspersed multiple authors in short threads? What other methods might work to "trick" the human mind into having more fun and finding flow in their deeper and more engaged reading states?

      Link this to the idea of fun in Sönke Ahrens' How to Take Smart Notes.

    1. A word of warning before you go import-crazy, though: cards you create yourself are invariably better than cards you import, even if the person who shared them is a spaced-repetition expert (which they usually are not). The act of making the cards helps you learn them, plus you won’t be creating any cards that you don’t care about, and you can use personal references on them. Further, importing large quantities of cards often tempts you to try to memorize information you don’t fully understand, which can waste immense amounts of time. That probably sounds like such a dumb idea you would never do it, but it’s so common I guarantee you’ve done it at some point in your life – it’s surprisingly difficult to notice it’s happening.

      The best space repetition decks are ones the learner has created for themselves. Creating the cards yourself will act as a first layer of repetition, but it will help you fashion them in your own words and in a way that best dovetails how the information fits into your scaffold of existing information. By creating your own cards, you're more likely to do so for information you're most interested in . Importing cards from others defeats these benefits and increases the likelihood that you'll create a mound of material that is both uninteresting as well as material one doesn't have pre-existing scaffolding for.

  27. Mar 2022
    1. Bellesi, S., Metafuni, E., Hohaus, S., Maiolo, E., Marchionni, F., D’Innocenzo, S., La Sorda, M., Ferraironi, M., Ramundo, F., Fantoni, M., Murri, R., Cingolani, A., Sica, S., Gasbarrini, A., Sanguinetti, M., Chiusolo, P., & De Stefano, V. (2020). Increased CD95 (Fas) and PD-1 expression in peripheral blood T lymphocytes in COVID-19 patients. British Journal of Haematology, 191(2), 207–211. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjh.17034

    1. The narrative network is what is most active when your mind drifts into plans and memories during meditation. The direct experi-ence network is what is most active when you keep your attention on your breath; it is probably the one that is active when an athlete is in the zone.

      or a musician

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  28. Feb 2022
    1. "Context" manipulation is one of big topic and there are many related terminologies (academic, language/implementation specific, promotion terminologies). In fact, there is confusing. In few minutes I remember the following related words and it is good CS exam to describe each :p Thread (Ruby) Green thread (CS terminology) Native thread (CS terminology) Non-preemptive thread (CS terminology) Preemptive thread (CS terminology) Fiber (Ruby/using resume/yield) Fiber (Ruby/using transfer) Fiber (Win32API) Generator (Python/JavaScript) Generator (Ruby) Continuation (CS terminology/Ruby, Scheme, ...) Partial continuation (CS terminology/ functional lang.) Exception handling (many languages) Coroutine (CS terminology/ALGOL) Semi-coroutine (CS terminology) Process (Unix/Ruby) Process (Erlang/Elixir) setjmp/longjmp (C) makecontext/swapcontext (POSIX) Task (...)
    1. By default the wizard will render a view with the same name as the step. So for our controller AfterSignupController with a view path of /views/after_signup/ if call the :confirm_password step, our wizard will render /views/after_signup/confirm_password.html.erb
    2. To send someone to the first step in this wizard we can direct them to after_signup_path(:confirm_password)
    3. steps :confirm_password, :confirm_profile, :find_friends