1,043 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. ideas are actually affected every time we have a new thought about them.

      ideas effected by statements

    2. immutable core

      immutable core

    3. The name is, in effect, a reference to a process that can give us the active set of statements at a given time, either as a snapshot or as a dereferencable event queue.

      reference to a process

    4. simply the set of active statements mentioning that topic at any point in the event queue.

      set of statments

    5. quickly calculate the set of relevant foreign events

      future?

    6. The event layer has to work independently of the statement model.

      event model independent of statemenet model

    1. find spe-cific items of relevant information in an amount of time thatis sublinear with respect to the size of the body of knowl-edge employed.

      sublinear search

    2. Conceptual Indexing

      Conceptual Indexing AI

    3. practicalsubsumption technology on a large scale and with domain-independent knowledge.

      practical subsumption domain independent

    4. using linguisticand world knowledge and exploiting sophisticated knowledgerepresentation techniques

      linguistic world knowledge KR

    5. Finding information is a problem shared by people and in-telligent systems.

      finding information people systems

  2. Jul 2019
    1. Processing OWL2 ontologies using Thea: Anapplication of logic programming

      title

    2. working with the TBoxes of heavilyaxiomatized OWL2 ontologies the triple view can be too low level.

      tripple view too low level

    1. enable an OLAP experience on some sort of \soft" schema where each source eld is present to some extent.

      OLAP soft schema

    2. dentify a common schema to be adopted for analys

      identify common schema

    3. stop ghting against schema variety and welcome it as an inherent source ofinformation wealth in schemaless sources

      schema variety source of information

    1. the effects of the symbols on behavior or function.

      meanings of symbols behavior or function

    2. conventional functional systems.

      CFS

    3. A natural semanticsystem is one that acquires and maintains meanings for itself.

      natural semantic system

    4. become adept at selecting problems that our programs can solvewithout attending to meaning; or rather, problems for which syntactic operations are goodproxies for semantic operations.

      solve problems without attending to meaning good proxies syntax semantics

    5. why fuss about meaning?

      fuss about meaning

    1. documents and queries are represented as a sub-graph of Wikipedia graph

      documents queries sub-graph model

    2. 71% of queries in web search contain named entities

      named entities in search

  3. Jun 2019
    1. Experience with Our User Systems

      In this section Engelbart describes his experience in using the system a year before the demo as a deeply spiritual experience

    2. Then I select from among them, or replace them all, or else merely change the list a bit and wait for a later movement of the spirit~

      wait for a later moment of the spirit

    1. improvingtheintellectualeffectivenessoftheindividualhumanbeingdetailedconceptualframeworkexploresthenatureofthesystemcomposedoftheindividualandthetoolsconceptsandmethodsthatmatchhisbasiccapabilitiesto hisproblems

      It is all about the intellectual effectiveness of the individual that is the starting point for raising Collective IQ

    1. The memex “affords an immediate step, however, to associative indexing, the basic idea of which is a provision whereby any item may be caused at will to select immediately and automatically another. This is the essential feature of the memex. The process of tying two items together is the important thing.”

      associative indexing

    1. This paper looks for a path to bridgethe gap between knowledge representation languages such as OWL andhuman natural languages such as English

      bridge the gap

    1. users are likely to be more successful at activities that concern the evaluation of existing map-pings using indented trees, but more successful at activities that involve creating new mappings using the graphs. This finding suggests that the indented tree visualization is more suitable for list-checking activities, and the graph visualization is more suita-ble for overviews.

      evaluation existing vs creating new mapping list-checking vs overview

    1. This is an initial summary report of a project taking a new and systematic approach to improving the intellectual effectiveness of the individual human being.

      improving the intellectual effectiveness of the individual human being

  4. pdfs.semanticscholar.org pdfs.semanticscholar.org
    1. the texts em-ployed to view and edit the knowledge are generated not by theuserbut by the system. The user can add knowledge by clicking on ‘an-chors’ in the text and choosing from a list of semantic alternatives;each choice directly updates the knowledge base, from whicha newtext is then generated

      text generated anchor select

    1. improving the intellectual effectiveness of the individual human being.

      the goal of building personal knowledge augmentation engine

    1. tracks the evolution of categories, while maintaining a versioning system that captures not only the different versions of categories, but also their exploration and evolution process

      track evolution of categories

    2. ‘AdvoCate’ (Adventures of Categories)

      Adventures of Categories

    3. J. F. Sowa, “Signs, processes and language games: Foundations for ontology.” [Online]. Available: http://jfsowa.com/pubs/signproc.

      foundations for ontology

    4. much of this knowledge lurking behind the process of science is often not communicated. This missing knowledge does not allow a knowledge consumer to have a complete understanding of a scientific product, and thus leaves many questions unanswered as highlighted in the previous section.

      lurking behind the process not communicated questions left unanswered

    5. Categories and their changes are shaped by the exploration pathways they go through - interactions of various computational methods, training data, social and scientific requirements and the background knowledge of a researcher.

      categories shaped by pathways

    6. these methods still do not support a complete understanding of a scientific enquiry, and leave conceptual gaps between a knowledge producer and consumer.

      no understanding scientific enquery conceptual gaps

    Annotators

    1. No human-meaningful naming of data

      Make it knowledge-central instead of info with, human-meaningful naming at its core

    1. Wikidata, described by Vrandeˇci ́c and Kr ̈otz in[4], as means to integrate data from different sources

      WikiData integrate data from different sources

    2. overall structure of art historicalknowledge

      overall structure

    3. semantic maps forcontextualizing works

      semantic map contextualizing

    4. contiguous structure linking the past with thepresent.

      contigous structure

    Annotators

    1. it is possi-ble for the same man to step into the same river twice,as long as some positor can identify them to still bethe same

      same river twice positor can identify

    2. Through positors and appearancesproblems such as “the Ship of Theseus”, discussedby (Chisholm et al.)42, can be largely avoided. Even if42Roderick Chisholm et al.Person and object: A meta-physical study. Routledge,2014every plank in the ship is replaced, the unique identifieronce associated with the ship will prevail, and will doso eternally (Sider; Black)43.

      unique identifiers prevail ship of theseus heraclitus

    3. In order for a modelingtechnique to be lossless, itmust adopt the “resolve onread” paradigm rather than“resolve on write”.

      resolve on read

    4. Adereferencing set,f(i1,r1), . . .(in,rn)g, is a set of appearanceswhere any rolerimay only appear once.

      unique role identifier

    5. The distinction here between syntax and semantics istheoretically important but may be neglected in prac-tice.

      distinction syntax semantics neglected practice

    1. ink of it: the behav-ior of the smallest physical switching element is modeled by quantummechanics described by differential equations whose detailed behavioris captured by numerical approximations represented in computer pro-grams executing on computers composed of:::!

      think of it

  5. May 2019
    1. ntroduces a few simple constructsthat enables the capturing of information that evolvesover time, may have conflicting sources, and that canbe less than certain

      capture evolving, conflicting, unreliable information

    2. statementspertaining to the properties or relationships of things8

      statements pertaining to properties of things

    3. conceptual model of the formalized constructs

      conceptual model constructs

    4. temporalityrefers to when it took place, when it changes,when an opinion is had towards it, and when suchopinions were recorded.

      temporality

    5. reliabilityrefers to being able to expressa degree of uncertainty about said state of affairs,

      reliability

    6. n the terminology introduced,concurrencyrefers tohaving multiple, possibly conflicting, views of the sam

      concurrency

    7. Rather than attempting to extend the relational model,this paper introduces a new generally applicable mod-eling technique, that is lossless with respect to con-currency, reliability and temporality.

      new lossless modelling technique

    8. All currentinformation modeling techniques resultin lossy implementations, in the sense that they cannotpreserve combinations of who said what, when, andhow sure they were of what they were saying.

      lossy implementations

    9. the concept of a “single version of the truth” must beabandoned and replaced by an equivocal theory that respectsthe genuine nature of information

      single version of truth must be abandoned equivocal theory

    10. informationcan be seen from different and concurrent perspectives, whereeach statement has been given a reliability ranging from beingcertain of its truth to being certain of its opposite, and whenthat reliability or the information itself varies over time, changesare managed non-destructively, making it possible to retrieveeverything as it was at any given point in time.

      concurrent perspectives reliability rating varies over time changes are non-destructive retrieve point in time

    1. As such the Semantic Web is a descendant of at least twofields born in the 50s: AI for Artificial Intelligence (McCarthyet al., 1955) and IA forIntelligence Amplification (Ashby, 1956) and Intelligence Augmentation (Engelbart,1962). It builds on and is a continuation of the AI and IA research programs but withthe worldwide dimension that the Web brings. Augmenting and linking all kinds ofintelligence, there is the long term potential of the Semantic Web

      Engelbart IA AI

    2. “He who controls metadatacontrols the Web and, through the Web, many things of our world”

      Control Metadata Web World

    1. This "being able to do something" about each little notion has profound effects:

      able do something notion

    2. It is also easy and delightful to see a number of initially disconnected notes mature to the point where they are ripe to be integrated under one "topical" heading.

      delight connect

    3. As any such miscellaneous thought develops, it is easy (and delightful) to reshape the structure and content of its discussion material

      delight in reshape structure

    4. FLTS will at least be very useful for enabling clerical staff to transcribe input material effectively; moreover during those inevitable periods when the system is down, users will still be able to be busy specifying additions or changes to their files.

      down time = off line

    5. we became almost completely engrossed in the "paperwork" of writing specifications for our new system, and in documenting our old systems. Essentially everyone in the program has been thus involved, and has been doing,all of this work by means of FLTS or NLTS

      engrossed specification and documentation

    6. 3fla The first system is intended to be a preliminary one, lacking many of the desired features. It may not be as comprehensive as the current CDC 3100 NLTS$ 3flal Our plan is that it will be expandable and if we can establish a small system, and if the people on the project can begin to use that system immediately, we should be able to accelerate the succeeding evolution by means of "bootstrapping".

      bootstrapping

    7. 3dSa6 There is the facility for global (or NAMED CO~1f.fON) labels or identifiers.

      global names

    8. It became apparent shortly after the work began that the new techniques of compiler writing make it possible that when any part of the system is described in a formal fashion,that description can be compiled into code of some type. 3c2a This means that the system can be divided into procedures and parameterized to a degree never before possible. This would imply an overall organization and flexibility that could be invaluable to the program as a research projecte' 3c2b To this end we have attempted to formalize the relationships and structures that occur in the type of program we wi 11 be writing for the 50S 940" The terminology and representation techniques that were developed are used as working tools in the rest of the project. 3c3 For storage and retrieval of data we have found some new and interesting algorithms as well as some different approaches to study, for the problem of establishing and retaining relationships within the data.

      divided into procedures parameterized

    9. 3b6 We have formally described the syntax and semantics of our current Control Metalanguage, using in turn a description syntax suitable for driving an experimental syntax~driven compiler. 3b6a We are in the process of bootstrapping this compiler onto the 940 from an ALGOL version operative now on a Burroughs 5500. 3b7 This compiler will operate upon this formal description to produce a program (for itself) which in turn functions as a "control compi ler" for the Control ~1etalanguage. 3b7a This control compiler is designed to produce a "state machine" which will be the work-station input-output control program. 3b7b A given version of this program will produce exactly those responses to each of the user's sequential control actions that were designated by the particular control-language description (written in Control Metalanguage) fed to the control compiler. 3b7c With this facility. we expect to be able very rapidly and easily to add to or modify the control language with which a user interacts with the computer.

      syntax driven compiler

    10. If we engage in any extensive reprogramming effort to get onto a time-sharing system, it is more in line with our research goals to spend the effort rebuilding our user system rather than learning how to write time-sharing software.

      rebuilding with time sharing instead of learning a time sharing system

    11. With the general exception of COPE source code, all of our text material is formatted in what. we call our "structured statement" (or sometimes~ "linked statement") form, to facilitate computer-aided manipulation and study.

      linked statement

    12. An effective system for handling the text of working records (planning, design, reference, etc.) will provide a sound structure in which later to embed manipulation techniques for other symbols, e.g., graphics, mathematics, and chemical formulas.

      text sound structure for all others

    13. Text is applicable as a representation of our thoughts and actions at all levels of our working system (e.g., from coding for the computer up to long-range planning for the research program).

      why text

    1. It makes only onebase assumption: that knowledge can be extracted at a symbolic level from pair-wiserelationships between events or objects.

      knowledge extracted symbolic level

      pair-wise relationships

    2. similarity of subgraphs is the be-all and end-all of extractingknowledge from the larger graph, and that the primary goal is to search for, mine, suchsimilar subgraphs

      subgraph similarity

      knowledge extraction

    3. Given two seeds, one can always either join them (because they connect) or itis impossible to connect them. Either way, one knows immediately.

      seeds join or not

    4. They provide “elbow room” not available in (naive) graph theory

      elbow room

      beyond naive graph theory

    5. If one is not careful, sloppily assigning labels or avoiding thementirely, the collection can have multiple non-isomorphic re-assemblies

      non unique re-assemblies

      seats of discovery

    6. The types of the connectors will later beseen to be the same thing as the types of type theory; that is, they are bona-fide types,in the proper sense of the word.

      connectors types

      type theory

  6. citeseerx.ist.psu.edu citeseerx.ist.psu.edu
    1. We propose a mathematical framework for a unifica-tion of the distributional theory of meaning in termsof vector space models, and a compositional theory forgrammatical types, namely Lambek’s pregroup seman-tics.

      distributional theory of meaning

      vector space model

      compositional theory of grammatical types

    1. Scalable means for the search of relevant web services are essential for the development of in- telligent service-based applications in the future Internet. Key idea of semantic web services is to enable such applications to perform a high-precision search and automated composition of services based on formal ontology-based representations of service semantics. In this paper, we briefly survey the state of the art of semantic web service search.

      in-telligent service based applications automated composition of services

    1. A cartographic approach to visualize research topics in the 2013 WWW conference

      Comparable to the way HyperMaps are created and presented as Voronoi maps. Not the same but a move towards computer support for empowering individuals to be "Cartographers of Meaning in the Digital ~Age" https://hyp.is/mqxe8HGKEemFtHflgxvbmw/onbeing.org/programs/maria-popova-cartographer-of-meaning-in-a-digital-age-feb2019/

    1. one can consider the entire Linked Data cloud as a global, densely inter-linked knowledge graph

      Linked Data is a KG

      5 years ago for the Linked Up challenge I had great difficulty in getting this very point accepted

      Knowledge does grow

    2. As argued by Paulheim [9] there is no commonly

      no agreed definition

    3. A knowledge graph (KG) is a data repository that describes entities and theirrelationships across domains according to some schema, e.g., an ontology, andis typically organized in the form of a graph, e.g., a directed multi-relationalgraph [11],

      KG definition

    4. data-driven approach to measure the information content of eachtriple with respect to the whole knowledge graph by using rule miningand PageRank.

      measure information content

      rule mining

      PageRank

    5. Many triples can be inferred fromothers, while some triples are the foundational (basis) statements thatconstitute a knowledge graph, therebysupportingother triples. Hence,in order to learn a suitable embedding model, each triple should betreated differently with respect to its information content.

      fondational basis statement,

      tripples treated differently

    1. capabilities rely on a variety of interdependent capabilities, all of which make up what he called our capability infrastructure.

      capability infrasturcture

  7. Apr 2019
    1. In a subject map, here shown as a graph with green nodes, there is one virtual "place" for each subject,and everything known about that subject is available from the perspective of the one-and-only node("subject proxy") that represents that subject.

      virtual place subject map

    1. mégis, talán körvonalazha tunknégy viszonylag önálló temati-kus egységet. Az első fejezetek koz-mológiai kérdéseket tárgyalnak. Az evolúció kérdésköre vezet át a máso-dik egységhez, amely a bioszféra lo velocke-iGflш-elméletből kiindulva vizsgálja ember és környezete kap-csolatát. A harmadik rész a hagyo-mányban, a vallásokban és egyes böl-cseleti irányzatokban megnyilvánuló ökológiai tudatosságot kísérli meg feltárni, míg az utolsó részben társa-dalmi és politikai kérdésekre reflek-tál, miközben a hazai zöld-mozgal-mak történetéről ad egyéni, belső látleletet

      kozmologia evolucio gaia ökologia politika

    2. Talán nem véletlen, hogy a kifej-tésben az előbbit: a rendszeralkotás merevsége helyett a rugalmas, sok csomóponton érintkező hálózatossá-got választja. György Lajos szereti a hálózat metaforáját — a részek összefüggése és önszerveződő rendje a tanítás módszerében is kifejezésre jut. A szerteágazó, majd újra össze-kapcsolódó, előre- és hátrautalások--kai tarkított gondolatmenet csak némi önkényességgel bontható ré-szekre;

      hálozatosság

    1. the term "law of nature" is a metaphor left over from the bygone days of mythological explanation, when Nature was personified in the endeavor to comprehend it.

      law of nature left over

    2. They are the poetics of the fable convenue of learning.

      fable convenue of loearning

    3. The metaphorical nature of language precludes all univocity and thereby makes any sort of precise scientific knowledge impos­sible. Science too is, at best, poetry.

      univocity possible

    4. It is impossible to arrest the conceptual content of words permanently. Therefore knowledge of the world through language is impossible.

      arrest conceptual content

      Is now possible in toto

    5. language is well adapted to poetry, but ill adapted to science and philosophy.

      poetry language science

    6. Even if human beings had some way of attaining objectivity in know}: edge, language itself is too ambiguous to convey it.

      language ambiguous convey

    7. language is essentially metaphorical. As such, it is by its very nature ambiguous; no one can ever be cer­tain, either that he understands what another is saying, or that he is himself understood. Furthermore, ''words are always in statu nascendi.' '4 Not only language, but the whole of culture as well, is continually in a state of transformation. Nothing stands still.

      language metaphorical

    8. language as the "common sensorium" of a culture.

      common sensorium

    9. Schopenhauer's metaphysical will is only a metaphorical expression of the appeat·ance of human self-consciousness.

      will self-consciousness

    10. a priori was identical with lan­guage, the true logos.

      apriori logos

    11. ratio and oratio

      identification reason language

    12. "causal nexus."

      causal nexus

    1. Focusing on the code being open is putting the cart before the horse. In fact, this is one of the reasons why there’s such derision for “source available” licenses; it’s not about the source being open. It’s that the source being open is a necessary, but not sufficient, component of being open source. Now, this is normally framed as a problem of distribution, but I think that many also understand it as a problem of production.

      open production software

  8. Mar 2019
    1. Deloitte’s 2018 Blockchain Report suggests that the technology is getting closer to an outright breakthrough.

      outright break through

    1. IPFS pinning service

      IPFS pinning service

    1. PeerPad has a built-in code editor you can use to collaborate with colleagues while editing the same file.

      code editor

    2. PeerPad is a collaborative real-time editor that works on the decentralised web, built on WB_wombat_top of IPFS. It uses no second or third-party: all participating nodes talk directly to each other without a central service. PeerPad is open-source and built by Protocol Labs and the IPFS community.

      PeerPad IPFS

    1. interoperable identity layer for the decentralized web.

      identity layer

    Annotators

    URL

    1. entrepreneurship can unlock human potential and make the world a better place.

      unlock human potential

    1. Brave new Text

      • Conceptual tool – to gain a deeper understanding of how the Semantic Web is transforming the way we create and consume content.
      • Peephole – to peek into some possible and plausible futures of content writing.
      • Magnifying glass – to see text on the web in its tiniest detail and principles.
      • Starting point of your own roadmap towards your best web writing practices.
    1. need to extend the current ontologies to add more information of our entities. Note that we are now making public, not only the scientific research itself, but also its reviews, drafts and all versions between the first submission and the final article. Furthermore, we need to include these field that contain information about the Blockchain transactions. In the latter case, there are s o m e i m m a t u r e p r o j e c t t h a t a l r e a d y t a c k l e t h i s t a s k ( h t t p s : //semanticblocks.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/linked_blockchain_paper_final.pdf), but more work need to be done in this regard

      need extend ontologies blockchain transactions

    2. Orvium can not disrupt the academic sector without following the rules of the semantic web. However, the current ontologies, agreed by the W3C and other entities as standards for scholarship publications, do not cover all the information Orvium's is aimed to provide. In other words, part of the Orvium's mission is to enrich the Academic Knowledge Network with more granularity and traceability of each piece of science shared on the Web

      enrich granularity trace-ability

    3. Academic Knowledge Network

      it

    1. The goal of the curiosity web is to provide an exoskeleton for organizing information by the curiosities they address. The curiosity web is a dual of existing semantic networks and knowledge graphs

      curiosity web

      situate references to web resources/annotation in contexts of quests and articulations

    1. protocol for establishing secure two-way communication thatalso forms a capability system.

      capability system

    1. Pump.io. The creator of Identi.ca has a new federated social network called Pump. Visit him at e14n.com
    2. make all of your instant messaging forward-secure?

      forward secure instant messaging

    3. using the Internet like Starbucks.

      internet starbucks

    4. My stovetop espresso maker is distributed.

      espresso maker distributed

    5. Medium needs a new batch of numbskulls to get excited about front-end editability.

      numbskulls front-end editability

    1. he level of freedom in a sustainablesocial system must correspond to the level of altruism ofits members. The more altruism is in a society, the morefreedom in its political system can and must be admitted,and vice versa

      altruism freedom

    2. Today wehave to focus on what matters most— on learning andimproving ourselves, and on everything that is directlyrelated to it, including a substantial reallocation of our verylimited material and intellectual resources in favor of targetednatural science research to improve the human nature andthe human communities of various scales and calibers. Wemust not allow our own self-destruction. The gap betweenthe high, and further growing, level of technologicalprogress and our, almost frozen, and egoistic, and thereforeprimitive mentality (in other words, an extremely low levelof altruism of our genotype), caused by our biological originfrom the animal world, will rapidly increase with time. Sowe have very little time in order to prevent our global suicide

      prevent suicide

    1. for nothing destroys description so much as words, and yet there is nothing more necessary than to place before the eyes of men certain things the existence of which is neither provable nor probable, but which, for this very reason, pious and scholarly men treat to a certain extent as existent in order that they may be led a step further towards their being and their becoming. --Joseph Knecht's holograph translation (M.L.)

      not provable probable

    1. In previous versions of Decent it was an 'altnet'. Decent now uses the main network key, and only shows a corner of the scuttleverse.

      corner scuttleverse

    1. SSB has the concept of pubs, which are simply public SSB nodes that follow many users. If users lose their data, they can get a copy back from the pub — if it’s still available. Note: users have to explicitly request to be followed by a pub.

      SSB pubs

      public peers

    1. There are considerations to make the concept of IBIS the basis of operating systems for future generations of computers.

      Software Conversation

      Software is a conversation

    2. Some crucial old weaknesses of IBIS remain the same: the danger of getting lost in the web of cross-references, the lack of a 'synoptic' overview of the state of resolution, and the 'logic of the next question", i.e. the problem of prestructuring the possibilities for guiding the designers' deliberations into plausible directions.

      IBIS Weaknesses

    1. With Scuttlebutt, the social graph is the network architecture, with peer-to-peer infrastructure accurately matching peer-to-peer interactions. It makes communication and the spread of information highly resilient, bringing improvements to freedom of speech with modern information technologies.

      architecture match interaction

    1. Minbase is an unopinionated minimal base on which to build opinionated Secure Scuttlebutt clients.

      Minbase

    1. Also, we couldn't realistically plan to just sit down and create an app that everyone wants to use, we need many experiments so that one can succeed, therefore we need an decentralized application platform more than we need any given a decentralized application.

      decentralized application platform

    1. Time binding: The human ability to pass information and knowledge from one generation to the next.

      Time Binding | Korzibsky

  9. Feb 2019
    1. How to build an Open Research Knowledge Graph by self-publishing following metadata standards

      self-publishing

    2. Acquiring content: prospective approaches

      prospective acquisition

    3. A WYSIWYG web based or desktop editor could support the annotation at the time of writing or submission.

      annotation

    4. The group suggested a decentralized architecture that supports flexible integration of knowledge graphs published by various institutions. Essential is the linking to existing resources and content.

      decentralized linking existing

    1. The global scientific knowledge base is little more than a collection of (digital) documents●Communication from human authors to readers, inadequate for machines

      Digital documents are inadequate for communication from human authors to readers as well. Annotations help, especially if they are linked to relevant contexts in a Research Knowledge Graph.

    1. Contributionsfromscientistswithdescriptionsoftheirownworksupportedbyintelligent interfaces

      intelligent interfaces

    1. Young project open to interested stakeholders

      Linked Data needs to be combined with linkedtext

    2. Linked with the context in which information is created and consumed

      Linking is indeed the key

    1. Another prospective pathway is the acquisition of semantic scientific knowledge through annotation of text and other content (e.g., figures) at the time of writing the article. We plan to develop this pathway for the current use cases.

      The augmented authoring system via TrailMarks integrates with Hypothes.is. We are using the early prototype to bootstrap our ideas and development and do all related research.

    2. prospective pathway. In prospective pathways, semantic scientific knowledge is available before the article is written.

      We are building an Augmented Authoring system that let's authors write about and link to things of interest in a way that gives rise a knowledge graph dynamically. This emergent knowledge graph captures the semantic contexts and augments the author's ability to understand and be understood.

    1. presenting scholarly information asstructured, interlinked, and semantically rich knowledge graphs [3]

      structured interlinked knowledge graph

    2. an urge for a more flexible, fine-grained, se-mantic and context sensitive representation of scientific knowledge.

      context sensitive

    3. Who would use a PDF of a phone book, mail-order catalog, ency-clopedia or phone book now anymore?

      good point

    4. cientific publishing has remained almostunchanged during the past several centuries, which is very unsatis-factory in the light of current technical development of the societyin general.

      indeed

    1. Don’t be evil? How about can’t be evil? That’s a design principle worth exploring.

      We need to embrace this principle, and make sure that it cannot be exterminated later. see Google Removes 'Don't Be Evil'

    1. “Don’t be evil” has been part of the company’s corporate code of conduct since 2000. When Google was reorganized under a new parent company, Alphabet, in 2015, Alphabet assumed a slightly adjusted version of the motto, “do the right thing.” However, Google retained its original “don’t be evil” language until the past several weeks.

      When the don't be evil is replace with the aspiration to know what's right for the people, and act on it, especially by an entity with the might of Google, is a slippery slope to becoming Big Brother.

    1. How about can’t be evil?

      the design prinicple we need to embrace, and ensure that it cannot be exterminated

    1. I shall not try to settle which is chicken and which is egg: whether we are able to understand the world because it is hierarchic or whether it appears hierarchic because those aspects of it which are not elude our understanding and observation. I have already given some reasons for supposing that the former is at least half the truththat evolving complexity would tend to be hierarchicbut it may not be the whole truth.

      understanding world hierarchic

    1. Software is a conversation after all!

      software conversation

  10. Jan 2019
  11. Dec 2018
    1. Kitty WooleyMore specifically, I've just hit some sort of information overload tipping point, and will try Inoreader forthwith.

      information overload tipping point

    1. it's equally relevant to learn what refers to an item as to know what it refers to.

      learn what refers

    2. Bidirectional Links: They're Here!

      bidirectional links

    1. Token-curated registries are decentrally-curated lists with intrinsic economic incentives for token holders to curate the list’s contents judiciously.

      definition

    1. cryptoeconomic primitives form the building blocks of a new cooperative framework for global action that can be used to solve the world’s biggest problems.

      cooperative framework

    2. Curation Markets

      Curation Markets

    3. Token Bonding

      Token Bonding

    1. The findings show that using a focus+context interface technique in a small display can support readers' incidental memory for spatial location of information within documents. Further, it shows that a scrolling interface for the same size display does not. Since we know that spatial location is important in reading, we can conclude that this alternative technique may well confer some benefits to the reader in terms of better comprehension, content recall and information retrieval when reading fi'om small screens. In short, this technique appears to be successful to some degree in providing readers with some of the "sense of text" they get when reading ffi'om paper. In presenting this study, we are not necessarily advocating this particular implementation of a focus+context interface. Rather, our intention is to point toward a class of techniques which designers might consider as an alternative approach to reading and viewing documents on small displays

      better comprehension

    2. an incidental memory for the location of information within those documents. However, this kind of spatial memory is undermined in conventional on-line scrolling interf

      incidental spatial memory

    1. our digital active reading products are inspired by paper, inherit its problems, and avoid its advantages.

      inherit problems paper without advantages

    1. What if technology could help improve conversations online?

      technology improve conversation online

    1. One of its labs has developed Perspective, an “API that uses machine learning to spot abuse and harassment online.”

      google perpective

    2. Today, people don’t seek out computers in order to get things done; they do the things that let them use computers.

      do things to use computers

    1. Voronoi treemaps visualise hierarchical data by recursively partitioning convex polygons using weighted centroidal Voronoi diagrams. The polygon areas are proportional to the relative weights of their corresponding nodes.

      Voronoi Treemaps

    1. Cynefin, the sensemaking framework

      Cumefin, sense making framework

  12. Nov 2018
    1. The quality of the connections is the key to quality per se.

      key to quality per se

    1. that the marketplace for CSPW will change drastically as CSCW takes hold within our larger organizations and their inter-organizational communities.

      CSCW to drive CSPW

    2. To begin with some very basic knowledge-domain interoperabil-ity issues, consider your own (future?) “Computer-Supported Per-sonal Work” (CSPW). Assume that you have acquired a fairly com-prehensive, online “knowledge workshop”

      CSPW

    1. A bookseller may want to integrate data coming from different publishers. The data can be imported into a common RDF model, eg, by using converters to the publishers’ databases. However, one database may use the term “author”, whereas the other may use the term “creator”. To make the integration complete, and extra definition should be added to the RDF data, describing the fact that the relationship described as “author” is the same as “creator”. This extra piece of information is, in fact, a vocabulary (or an ontology), albeit an extremely simple one.

      we are not booksellers

    1. considerable time currently lost in dealing with redundant findings and on mundane tasks of sorting, ordering, and referencing is passed on to the PKMS

      time saved sorting ordering referencing

    2. Benchmarking and Standards Base {Yardsticks} which is able to feed forward {h & i} to related subsequent projects and activities by providing, for example, templates, samples, best-practice methods, proven heuristics24, regulations, tutorials, evaluation criteria, or trial assessments

      feed forward

    3. instant access to the underlying information-rich contributing memes, their sources and alternate uses.

      instant access to underlying memes

    4. Supporting evidence of any relationships can be stored separately {f -Testimonials -g} and attached to the user’s output{Uses} at the end for dissemination to back up any statements or claims made.

      testimonials

    5. ‘silent’ (not to be published) memes linked to particular memeplexes which contain, for example, annotations, further ideas, feedbacks from colleagues or supervisors

      silent memes

    6. outstanding ‘work to be carried out’ (meme gaps to be filled)

      outstanding work

    7. {Organizer} Base deals with shorter term tasks and diaries.

      Organizer tasks diaries

    8. {Echoes} Base stores longer-term plans and objectives and related thoughts and responses,

      echoes

    9. Report or Presentation Base

      Report Presentation base

    10. 'known-unknown' meme

      mark status known-unknown

    11. Scripts and Hypotheses Base

      scripts and hypotheses base