979 Matching Annotations
  1. May 2019
    1. As such the Semantic Web is a descendant of at least twofields born in the 50s: AI for Artificial Intelligence (McCarthyet al., 1955) and IA forIntelligence Amplification (Ashby, 1956) and Intelligence Augmentation (Engelbart,1962). It builds on and is a continuation of the AI and IA research programs but withthe worldwide dimension that the Web brings. Augmenting and linking all kinds ofintelligence, there is the long term potential of the Semantic Web

      Engelbart IA AI

    2. “He who controls metadatacontrols the Web and, through the Web, many things of our world”

      Control Metadata Web World

    1. This "being able to do something" about each little notion has profound effects:

      able do something notion

    2. It is also easy and delightful to see a number of initially disconnected notes mature to the point where they are ripe to be integrated under one "topical" heading.

      delight connect

    3. As any such miscellaneous thought develops, it is easy (and delightful) to reshape the structure and content of its discussion material

      delight in reshape structure

    4. FLTS will at least be very useful for enabling clerical staff to transcribe input material effectively; moreover during those inevitable periods when the system is down, users will still be able to be busy specifying additions or changes to their files.

      down time = off line

    5. we became almost completely engrossed in the "paperwork" of writing specifications for our new system, and in documenting our old systems. Essentially everyone in the program has been thus involved, and has been doing,all of this work by means of FLTS or NLTS

      engrossed specification and documentation

    6. 3fla The first system is intended to be a preliminary one, lacking many of the desired features. It may not be as comprehensive as the current CDC 3100 NLTS$ 3flal Our plan is that it will be expandable and if we can establish a small system, and if the people on the project can begin to use that system immediately, we should be able to accelerate the succeeding evolution by means of "bootstrapping".

      bootstrapping

    7. 3dSa6 There is the facility for global (or NAMED CO~1f.fON) labels or identifiers.

      global names

    8. It became apparent shortly after the work began that the new techniques of compiler writing make it possible that when any part of the system is described in a formal fashion,that description can be compiled into code of some type. 3c2a This means that the system can be divided into procedures and parameterized to a degree never before possible. This would imply an overall organization and flexibility that could be invaluable to the program as a research projecte' 3c2b To this end we have attempted to formalize the relationships and structures that occur in the type of program we wi 11 be writing for the 50S 940" The terminology and representation techniques that were developed are used as working tools in the rest of the project. 3c3 For storage and retrieval of data we have found some new and interesting algorithms as well as some different approaches to study, for the problem of establishing and retaining relationships within the data.

      divided into procedures parameterized

    9. 3b6 We have formally described the syntax and semantics of our current Control Metalanguage, using in turn a description syntax suitable for driving an experimental syntax~driven compiler. 3b6a We are in the process of bootstrapping this compiler onto the 940 from an ALGOL version operative now on a Burroughs 5500. 3b7 This compiler will operate upon this formal description to produce a program (for itself) which in turn functions as a "control compi ler" for the Control ~1etalanguage. 3b7a This control compiler is designed to produce a "state machine" which will be the work-station input-output control program. 3b7b A given version of this program will produce exactly those responses to each of the user's sequential control actions that were designated by the particular control-language description (written in Control Metalanguage) fed to the control compiler. 3b7c With this facility. we expect to be able very rapidly and easily to add to or modify the control language with which a user interacts with the computer.

      syntax driven compiler

    10. If we engage in any extensive reprogramming effort to get onto a time-sharing system, it is more in line with our research goals to spend the effort rebuilding our user system rather than learning how to write time-sharing software.

      rebuilding with time sharing instead of learning a time sharing system

    11. With the general exception of COPE source code, all of our text material is formatted in what. we call our "structured statement" (or sometimes~ "linked statement") form, to facilitate computer-aided manipulation and study.

      linked statement

    12. An effective system for handling the text of working records (planning, design, reference, etc.) will provide a sound structure in which later to embed manipulation techniques for other symbols, e.g., graphics, mathematics, and chemical formulas.

      text sound structure for all others

    13. Text is applicable as a representation of our thoughts and actions at all levels of our working system (e.g., from coding for the computer up to long-range planning for the research program).

      why text

    1. It makes only onebase assumption: that knowledge can be extracted at a symbolic level from pair-wiserelationships between events or objects.

      knowledge extracted symbolic level

      pair-wise relationships

    2. similarity of subgraphs is the be-all and end-all of extractingknowledge from the larger graph, and that the primary goal is to search for, mine, suchsimilar subgraphs

      subgraph similarity

      knowledge extraction

    3. Given two seeds, one can always either join them (because they connect) or itis impossible to connect them. Either way, one knows immediately.

      seeds join or not

    4. They provide “elbow room” not available in (naive) graph theory

      elbow room

      beyond naive graph theory

    5. If one is not careful, sloppily assigning labels or avoiding thementirely, the collection can have multiple non-isomorphic re-assemblies

      non unique re-assemblies

      seats of discovery

    6. The types of the connectors will later beseen to be the same thing as the types of type theory; that is, they are bona-fide types,in the proper sense of the word.

      connectors types

      type theory

  2. citeseerx.ist.psu.edu citeseerx.ist.psu.edu
    1. We propose a mathematical framework for a unifica-tion of the distributional theory of meaning in termsof vector space models, and a compositional theory forgrammatical types, namely Lambek’s pregroup seman-tics.

      distributional theory of meaning

      vector space model

      compositional theory of grammatical types

    1. Scalable means for the search of relevant web services are essential for the development of in- telligent service-based applications in the future Internet. Key idea of semantic web services is to enable such applications to perform a high-precision search and automated composition of services based on formal ontology-based representations of service semantics. In this paper, we briefly survey the state of the art of semantic web service search.

      in-telligent service based applications automated composition of services

    1. A cartographic approach to visualize research topics in the 2013 WWW conference

      Comparable to the way HyperMaps are created and presented as Voronoi maps. Not the same but a move towards computer support for empowering individuals to be "Cartographers of Meaning in the Digital ~Age" https://hyp.is/mqxe8HGKEemFtHflgxvbmw/onbeing.org/programs/maria-popova-cartographer-of-meaning-in-a-digital-age-feb2019/

    1. one can consider the entire Linked Data cloud as a global, densely inter-linked knowledge graph

      Linked Data is a KG

      5 years ago for the Linked Up challenge I had great difficulty in getting this very point accepted

      Knowledge does grow

    2. As argued by Paulheim [9] there is no commonly

      no agreed definition

    3. A knowledge graph (KG) is a data repository that describes entities and theirrelationships across domains according to some schema, e.g., an ontology, andis typically organized in the form of a graph, e.g., a directed multi-relationalgraph [11],

      KG definition

    4. data-driven approach to measure the information content of eachtriple with respect to the whole knowledge graph by using rule miningand PageRank.

      measure information content

      rule mining

      PageRank

    5. Many triples can be inferred fromothers, while some triples are the foundational (basis) statements thatconstitute a knowledge graph, therebysupportingother triples. Hence,in order to learn a suitable embedding model, each triple should betreated differently with respect to its information content.

      fondational basis statement,

      tripples treated differently

    1. capabilities rely on a variety of interdependent capabilities, all of which make up what he called our capability infrastructure.

      capability infrasturcture

  3. Apr 2019
    1. In a subject map, here shown as a graph with green nodes, there is one virtual "place" for each subject,and everything known about that subject is available from the perspective of the one-and-only node("subject proxy") that represents that subject.

      virtual place subject map

    1. mégis, talán körvonalazha tunknégy viszonylag önálló temati-kus egységet. Az első fejezetek koz-mológiai kérdéseket tárgyalnak. Az evolúció kérdésköre vezet át a máso-dik egységhez, amely a bioszféra lo velocke-iGflш-elméletből kiindulva vizsgálja ember és környezete kap-csolatát. A harmadik rész a hagyo-mányban, a vallásokban és egyes böl-cseleti irányzatokban megnyilvánuló ökológiai tudatosságot kísérli meg feltárni, míg az utolsó részben társa-dalmi és politikai kérdésekre reflek-tál, miközben a hazai zöld-mozgal-mak történetéről ad egyéni, belső látleletet

      kozmologia evolucio gaia ökologia politika

    2. Talán nem véletlen, hogy a kifej-tésben az előbbit: a rendszeralkotás merevsége helyett a rugalmas, sok csomóponton érintkező hálózatossá-got választja. György Lajos szereti a hálózat metaforáját — a részek összefüggése és önszerveződő rendje a tanítás módszerében is kifejezésre jut. A szerteágazó, majd újra össze-kapcsolódó, előre- és hátrautalások--kai tarkított gondolatmenet csak némi önkényességgel bontható ré-szekre;

      hálozatosság

    1. the term "law of nature" is a metaphor left over from the bygone days of mythological explanation, when Nature was personified in the endeavor to comprehend it.

      law of nature left over

    2. They are the poetics of the fable convenue of learning.

      fable convenue of loearning

    3. The metaphorical nature of language precludes all univocity and thereby makes any sort of precise scientific knowledge impos­sible. Science too is, at best, poetry.

      univocity possible

    4. It is impossible to arrest the conceptual content of words permanently. Therefore knowledge of the world through language is impossible.

      arrest conceptual content

      Is now possible in toto

    5. language is well adapted to poetry, but ill adapted to science and philosophy.

      poetry language science

    6. Even if human beings had some way of attaining objectivity in know}: edge, language itself is too ambiguous to convey it.

      language ambiguous convey

    7. language is essentially metaphorical. As such, it is by its very nature ambiguous; no one can ever be cer­tain, either that he understands what another is saying, or that he is himself understood. Furthermore, ''words are always in statu nascendi.' '4 Not only language, but the whole of culture as well, is continually in a state of transformation. Nothing stands still.

      language metaphorical

    8. language as the "common sensorium" of a culture.

      common sensorium

    9. Schopenhauer's metaphysical will is only a metaphorical expression of the appeat·ance of human self-consciousness.

      will self-consciousness

    10. a priori was identical with lan­guage, the true logos.

      apriori logos

    11. ratio and oratio

      identification reason language

    12. "causal nexus."

      causal nexus

    1. Focusing on the code being open is putting the cart before the horse. In fact, this is one of the reasons why there’s such derision for “source available” licenses; it’s not about the source being open. It’s that the source being open is a necessary, but not sufficient, component of being open source. Now, this is normally framed as a problem of distribution, but I think that many also understand it as a problem of production.

      open production software

  4. Mar 2019
    1. Deloitte’s 2018 Blockchain Report suggests that the technology is getting closer to an outright breakthrough.

      outright break through

    1. IPFS pinning service

      IPFS pinning service

    1. PeerPad has a built-in code editor you can use to collaborate with colleagues while editing the same file.

      code editor

    2. PeerPad is a collaborative real-time editor that works on the decentralised web, built on WB_wombat_top of IPFS. It uses no second or third-party: all participating nodes talk directly to each other without a central service. PeerPad is open-source and built by Protocol Labs and the IPFS community.

      PeerPad IPFS

    1. interoperable identity layer for the decentralized web.

      identity layer

    Annotators

    URL

    1. entrepreneurship can unlock human potential and make the world a better place.

      unlock human potential

    1. Brave new Text

      • Conceptual tool – to gain a deeper understanding of how the Semantic Web is transforming the way we create and consume content.
      • Peephole – to peek into some possible and plausible futures of content writing.
      • Magnifying glass – to see text on the web in its tiniest detail and principles.
      • Starting point of your own roadmap towards your best web writing practices.
    1. need to extend the current ontologies to add more information of our entities. Note that we are now making public, not only the scientific research itself, but also its reviews, drafts and all versions between the first submission and the final article. Furthermore, we need to include these field that contain information about the Blockchain transactions. In the latter case, there are s o m e i m m a t u r e p r o j e c t t h a t a l r e a d y t a c k l e t h i s t a s k ( h t t p s : //semanticblocks.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/linked_blockchain_paper_final.pdf), but more work need to be done in this regard

      need extend ontologies blockchain transactions

    2. Orvium can not disrupt the academic sector without following the rules of the semantic web. However, the current ontologies, agreed by the W3C and other entities as standards for scholarship publications, do not cover all the information Orvium's is aimed to provide. In other words, part of the Orvium's mission is to enrich the Academic Knowledge Network with more granularity and traceability of each piece of science shared on the Web

      enrich granularity trace-ability

    3. Academic Knowledge Network

      it

    1. The goal of the curiosity web is to provide an exoskeleton for organizing information by the curiosities they address. The curiosity web is a dual of existing semantic networks and knowledge graphs

      curiosity web

      situate references to web resources/annotation in contexts of quests and articulations

    1. protocol for establishing secure two-way communication thatalso forms a capability system.

      capability system

    1. Pump.io. The creator of Identi.ca has a new federated social network called Pump. Visit him at e14n.com
    2. make all of your instant messaging forward-secure?

      forward secure instant messaging

    3. using the Internet like Starbucks.

      internet starbucks

    4. My stovetop espresso maker is distributed.

      espresso maker distributed

    5. Medium needs a new batch of numbskulls to get excited about front-end editability.

      numbskulls front-end editability

    1. he level of freedom in a sustainablesocial system must correspond to the level of altruism ofits members. The more altruism is in a society, the morefreedom in its political system can and must be admitted,and vice versa

      altruism freedom

    2. Today wehave to focus on what matters most— on learning andimproving ourselves, and on everything that is directlyrelated to it, including a substantial reallocation of our verylimited material and intellectual resources in favor of targetednatural science research to improve the human nature andthe human communities of various scales and calibers. Wemust not allow our own self-destruction. The gap betweenthe high, and further growing, level of technologicalprogress and our, almost frozen, and egoistic, and thereforeprimitive mentality (in other words, an extremely low levelof altruism of our genotype), caused by our biological originfrom the animal world, will rapidly increase with time. Sowe have very little time in order to prevent our global suicide

      prevent suicide

    1. for nothing destroys description so much as words, and yet there is nothing more necessary than to place before the eyes of men certain things the existence of which is neither provable nor probable, but which, for this very reason, pious and scholarly men treat to a certain extent as existent in order that they may be led a step further towards their being and their becoming. --Joseph Knecht's holograph translation (M.L.)

      not provable probable

    1. In previous versions of Decent it was an 'altnet'. Decent now uses the main network key, and only shows a corner of the scuttleverse.

      corner scuttleverse

    1. SSB has the concept of pubs, which are simply public SSB nodes that follow many users. If users lose their data, they can get a copy back from the pub — if it’s still available. Note: users have to explicitly request to be followed by a pub.

      SSB pubs

      public peers

    1. There are considerations to make the concept of IBIS the basis of operating systems for future generations of computers.

      Software Conversation

      Software is a conversation

    2. Some crucial old weaknesses of IBIS remain the same: the danger of getting lost in the web of cross-references, the lack of a 'synoptic' overview of the state of resolution, and the 'logic of the next question", i.e. the problem of prestructuring the possibilities for guiding the designers' deliberations into plausible directions.

      IBIS Weaknesses

    1. With Scuttlebutt, the social graph is the network architecture, with peer-to-peer infrastructure accurately matching peer-to-peer interactions. It makes communication and the spread of information highly resilient, bringing improvements to freedom of speech with modern information technologies.

      architecture match interaction

    1. Minbase is an unopinionated minimal base on which to build opinionated Secure Scuttlebutt clients.

      Minbase

    1. Also, we couldn't realistically plan to just sit down and create an app that everyone wants to use, we need many experiments so that one can succeed, therefore we need an decentralized application platform more than we need any given a decentralized application.

      decentralized application platform

    1. Time binding: The human ability to pass information and knowledge from one generation to the next.

      Time Binding | Korzibsky

  5. Feb 2019
    1. How to build an Open Research Knowledge Graph by self-publishing following metadata standards

      self-publishing

    2. Acquiring content: prospective approaches

      prospective acquisition

    3. A WYSIWYG web based or desktop editor could support the annotation at the time of writing or submission.

      annotation

    4. The group suggested a decentralized architecture that supports flexible integration of knowledge graphs published by various institutions. Essential is the linking to existing resources and content.

      decentralized linking existing

    1. The global scientific knowledge base is little more than a collection of (digital) documents●Communication from human authors to readers, inadequate for machines

      Digital documents are inadequate for communication from human authors to readers as well. Annotations help, especially if they are linked to relevant contexts in a Research Knowledge Graph.

    1. Contributionsfromscientistswithdescriptionsoftheirownworksupportedbyintelligent interfaces

      intelligent interfaces

    1. Young project open to interested stakeholders

      Linked Data needs to be combined with linkedtext

    2. Linked with the context in which information is created and consumed

      Linking is indeed the key

    1. Another prospective pathway is the acquisition of semantic scientific knowledge through annotation of text and other content (e.g., figures) at the time of writing the article. We plan to develop this pathway for the current use cases.

      The augmented authoring system via TrailMarks integrates with Hypothes.is. We are using the early prototype to bootstrap our ideas and development and do all related research.

    2. prospective pathway. In prospective pathways, semantic scientific knowledge is available before the article is written.

      We are building an Augmented Authoring system that let's authors write about and link to things of interest in a way that gives rise a knowledge graph dynamically. This emergent knowledge graph captures the semantic contexts and augments the author's ability to understand and be understood.

    1. presenting scholarly information asstructured, interlinked, and semantically rich knowledge graphs [3]

      structured interlinked knowledge graph

    2. an urge for a more flexible, fine-grained, se-mantic and context sensitive representation of scientific knowledge.

      context sensitive

    3. Who would use a PDF of a phone book, mail-order catalog, ency-clopedia or phone book now anymore?

      good point

    4. cientific publishing has remained almostunchanged during the past several centuries, which is very unsatis-factory in the light of current technical development of the societyin general.

      indeed

    1. Don’t be evil? How about can’t be evil? That’s a design principle worth exploring.

      We need to embrace this principle, and make sure that it cannot be exterminated later. see Google Removes 'Don't Be Evil'

    1. “Don’t be evil” has been part of the company’s corporate code of conduct since 2000. When Google was reorganized under a new parent company, Alphabet, in 2015, Alphabet assumed a slightly adjusted version of the motto, “do the right thing.” However, Google retained its original “don’t be evil” language until the past several weeks.

      When the don't be evil is replace with the aspiration to know what's right for the people, and act on it, especially by an entity with the might of Google, is a slippery slope to becoming Big Brother.

    1. How about can’t be evil?

      the design prinicple we need to embrace, and ensure that it cannot be exterminated

    1. I shall not try to settle which is chicken and which is egg: whether we are able to understand the world because it is hierarchic or whether it appears hierarchic because those aspects of it which are not elude our understanding and observation. I have already given some reasons for supposing that the former is at least half the truththat evolving complexity would tend to be hierarchicbut it may not be the whole truth.

      understanding world hierarchic

    1. Software is a conversation after all!

      software conversation

  6. Jan 2019
  7. Dec 2018
    1. Kitty WooleyMore specifically, I've just hit some sort of information overload tipping point, and will try Inoreader forthwith.

      information overload tipping point

    1. it's equally relevant to learn what refers to an item as to know what it refers to.

      learn what refers

    2. Bidirectional Links: They're Here!

      bidirectional links

    1. Token-curated registries are decentrally-curated lists with intrinsic economic incentives for token holders to curate the list’s contents judiciously.

      definition

    1. cryptoeconomic primitives form the building blocks of a new cooperative framework for global action that can be used to solve the world’s biggest problems.

      cooperative framework

    2. Curation Markets

      Curation Markets

    3. Token Bonding

      Token Bonding

    1. The findings show that using a focus+context interface technique in a small display can support readers' incidental memory for spatial location of information within documents. Further, it shows that a scrolling interface for the same size display does not. Since we know that spatial location is important in reading, we can conclude that this alternative technique may well confer some benefits to the reader in terms of better comprehension, content recall and information retrieval when reading fi'om small screens. In short, this technique appears to be successful to some degree in providing readers with some of the "sense of text" they get when reading ffi'om paper. In presenting this study, we are not necessarily advocating this particular implementation of a focus+context interface. Rather, our intention is to point toward a class of techniques which designers might consider as an alternative approach to reading and viewing documents on small displays

      better comprehension

    2. an incidental memory for the location of information within those documents. However, this kind of spatial memory is undermined in conventional on-line scrolling interf

      incidental spatial memory

    1. our digital active reading products are inspired by paper, inherit its problems, and avoid its advantages.

      inherit problems paper without advantages

    1. What if technology could help improve conversations online?

      technology improve conversation online

    1. One of its labs has developed Perspective, an “API that uses machine learning to spot abuse and harassment online.”

      google perpective

    2. Today, people don’t seek out computers in order to get things done; they do the things that let them use computers.

      do things to use computers

    1. Voronoi treemaps visualise hierarchical data by recursively partitioning convex polygons using weighted centroidal Voronoi diagrams. The polygon areas are proportional to the relative weights of their corresponding nodes.

      Voronoi Treemaps

    1. Cynefin, the sensemaking framework

      Cumefin, sense making framework

  8. Nov 2018
    1. The quality of the connections is the key to quality per se.

      key to quality per se

    1. that the marketplace for CSPW will change drastically as CSCW takes hold within our larger organizations and their inter-organizational communities.

      CSCW to drive CSPW

    2. To begin with some very basic knowledge-domain interoperabil-ity issues, consider your own (future?) “Computer-Supported Per-sonal Work” (CSPW). Assume that you have acquired a fairly com-prehensive, online “knowledge workshop”

      CSPW

    1. A bookseller may want to integrate data coming from different publishers. The data can be imported into a common RDF model, eg, by using converters to the publishers’ databases. However, one database may use the term “author”, whereas the other may use the term “creator”. To make the integration complete, and extra definition should be added to the RDF data, describing the fact that the relationship described as “author” is the same as “creator”. This extra piece of information is, in fact, a vocabulary (or an ontology), albeit an extremely simple one.

      we are not booksellers

    1. considerable time currently lost in dealing with redundant findings and on mundane tasks of sorting, ordering, and referencing is passed on to the PKMS

      time saved sorting ordering referencing

    2. Benchmarking and Standards Base {Yardsticks} which is able to feed forward {h & i} to related subsequent projects and activities by providing, for example, templates, samples, best-practice methods, proven heuristics24, regulations, tutorials, evaluation criteria, or trial assessments

      feed forward

    3. instant access to the underlying information-rich contributing memes, their sources and alternate uses.

      instant access to underlying memes

    4. Supporting evidence of any relationships can be stored separately {f -Testimonials -g} and attached to the user’s output{Uses} at the end for dissemination to back up any statements or claims made.

      testimonials

    5. ‘silent’ (not to be published) memes linked to particular memeplexes which contain, for example, annotations, further ideas, feedbacks from colleagues or supervisors

      silent memes

    6. outstanding ‘work to be carried out’ (meme gaps to be filled)

      outstanding work

    7. {Organizer} Base deals with shorter term tasks and diaries.

      Organizer tasks diaries

    8. {Echoes} Base stores longer-term plans and objectives and related thoughts and responses,

      echoes

    9. Report or Presentation Base

      Report Presentation base

    10. 'known-unknown' meme

      mark status known-unknown

    11. Scripts and Hypotheses Base

      scripts and hypotheses base

    12. the user qualifies a meme by linking it to matching key words of a multi-dimensional classification system, made up of pre-or user-defined abstract Meme Types (e.g. area, concept, process, tool) or already created topics and memeplexes (e.g. decision methods, logistics, ecology) {3} to be stored in a Topics and Schema Base

      foraging loop Keywords and topics forming a schema

    13. 4.2Sensemaking Loop: Knowledge Goals, Development, Diffusion, and Use {4-8}

      sense making loop

    14. stocked impart constant mental refreshers about their usage and are better memorized

      mental refreshers usage memoized

    15. easily and speedily retrieved and repurposed.

      speedily retrieved re purposed

    16. Foraging Loop

      foraging loop

    17. dead ballast

      dead ballast

    18. Over time, copies deteriorated, memories faded and with it the ability to recall the locations and contents of these fragmented personal knowledge inventories and archives.

      memories faded

    19. Extended Ignorance Matrix

      it

    20. self-development and self-reflection have to be encouraged bybeing able to assess one’s knowledge and ignorance

      self-development self-reflection assess

    21. own portable KM System with their accrued capitals at their disposal.

      portable KM system

    22. information scarcity (few sources/channels, high associated costs) has been substituted by a never before experienced ever-increasing attention-consuming14information abundance15.

      attention consuming

    23. the means to retain and build upon knowledge acquired in order to sustain personal growth and facilitate productive contributions and collaborations between fellow learners and/or professional acquaintances

      build upon

    24. To gain an advantage in competing for attention and survival, it pays to form symbiotic relationships with other memes (memeplexes) to mutually support each other’s fitness and to replicate together. The full diversity of memes accessible to a culture or individual is referred to as Meme Pool [11]

      memplexes definition

    25. Memeplexes

      memeplexes

    1. A function point is a "unit of measurement" to express the amount of business functionality an information system (as a product) provides to a user.

      function point

    1. “he embeds his links in the documents and they only go one way

      link one way

    2. , better arrangements for understanding have been his life-long concern and quest.

      better arrangements for understanding

    3. What else can one do when so many people seem intentionally insane?

      people intentionally insane

    4. I have striven not to laugh at human actions, not to weep at them, nor to hate them, but to understand them.

      striven to understand them

    5. Problems worthy of attack prove their worth by hitting back.

      problems worthy hitting back

    1. pandemic of intellectual and emotional sanity swept the world, leaving people infected with care, not about their gardens of ambition and entitlement, but about the future of humanity.

      pandemic of sanity

    1. Make no mistake about it, GDIN and its member disaster response organizations find computers to be very useful - but it is even more striking how the capabilities offered by today's personal productivity and publishing systems are mismatched to the needs of these organizations as they work to coordinate effective response flexibly and quickly.

      personal

    2. the most important things that we need is a place to keep and share the information that we collect

      place keep DKR

    3. One possible response to my examples is to say, "Doug, be patient. These are new problems and hard problems and it takes time to solve them. We will have better tools and better laws over time. Just wait." An off-handed response might be that I have been trying to be patient for fifty years. But a much more important, meaningful response is that patience has nothing to do with it. These problems are not due to lack of time, but are instead due to structural factors that create a systematic bias against the improvement of what I call "Collective IQ."

      systematic bias against "Collective IQ"

    1. share and pool personal knowledge bases amongst individuals to support teamwork

      share pool PK bases

    2. Focus on Collaboration and Organisational Learning

      PKMS Quest collaboration

    1. copies which slowly but steadily lapse from potential value towards dead ballast.

      dead ballast

    2. fragmented personal knowledge inventories

      PKM fragmented inventories

    1. turns desk-top documents intoSemantic Documents

      turn documents into semantic documents

    2. desktop doc-uments should be completely open and queryable resources, whose data and knowl-edge are represented in a form understandable to both humans and machines

      documents open queryable resources

    3. A Semantic Document is a uniquely identified and semantically annotatedcomposite resource. It is built of smaller resources (CUs), which can be ei-ther composite or atomic and which are also uniquely identified and seman-tically annotated. Each document CU is characterized by its content (data)and knowledge, which are represented in a form understandable to both hu-mans and machines. CUs can be put in different kinds of relationships withother, uniquely identified resources (e.g., other CUs, Web Pages, people, in-stitutions, etc.). Hierarchical and navigational relationships among CUs areused to define document logical structure

      semantic document

    1. structured peer-to-peerprotocol to publish shareable ontologies on different sensors and automatically discover the ontologies useful for a givenSPARQL query.

      stuctured peer-to-peer ontology sharing SPARQL

  9. app.getpocket.com app.getpocket.com
    1. The reason I was interested in interactive computing, even before we knew what that might mean, arose from this conviction that we would be able to solve really difficult problems only through using computers to extend the capability of people to collect information, create knowledge, manipulate and share it, and then to put that knowledge to work.

      augmentation

  10. app.getpocket.com app.getpocket.com
    1. information you discover online become knowledge

      information knowledge

    1. Select and Speak - Free Text to Speech (Chrome Extension)258,685 views258K views • Like Dislike Share Save

      Select and Speak

    1. The continuing fixation on the outdated book-age paradigm still compels us, as noted by Mintzberg (2005), to provide linear accounts of a nonlinear world.

      linear account of a non-linear world

    2. “the over-simplistic modelling of digital documents as monolithic blocks of linear content, with a lack of structural semantics, does not pay attention to some of the superior features that digital media offers

      book-age paradigm

    3. totally stifles the community affordance of authoring

      stifles authoring

    4. shifting the focus from social networking to towards conviviality (i.e., pleasing, gratifying, edifying, self-fulfilling, self-expressive experience) and convivial artefacts (defined as any technology aimed at promoting sociality, cooperativity, self-expression and autonomous and creative intercourses among individuals in order to foster collective deliberation, collective planning, and cooperative action).

      conviviality

    5. Fostering Creative Conversations among teams, organizations, and communities for mutual benefit and competitive advantage via network and cloud technologies

      fostering creative conversations among teams

    6. affordance-conferring technologies

      affordance-conferring technologies

    7. Knowledge, however, is not reduced when consumed and is not lessened when transferred; its view-as-a-resource differs significantly and is des-tined for non-zero-sum (win-win) interactions

      knowledge non-zero-sum interactions

    1. collective extelligence

      collective extelligence

    2. bi-directional relationships between them

      bi-directional relationships

    3. digital documents “as monolithic blocks of linear content with a lack of structural semantics” (Signer, 2010).

      monolithic blocks of linear content with a lack of structural semantics

    4. ‘traceability’

      tracebility

    5. document-centric ‘book-age’ paradigm

      document-centric 'book-age' paradigm

    6. expressible, combinable and curatable, linked distinctive memes of diverse disciplines are able to mature-with a growing user and shared meme base over time –into a single unified transdisciplinary digital knowledge repository of the world’s extelligence -to be accessed, re-purposed, or added to

      combinable curatable accessed repurposed added to

    7. the external counterpart to the intelligence of the human brain/mind which deals in information whereas intelligence deals in understanding; together they are also driving each other in a complicit process of accelerating interactive co-evolution. This accumulating knowledge heritage, however, can only be accessed, augmented, and further accruedby individuals with the know-how and means to utilize the KM topography depicted -provided the accelerating information abundance does not exceed the finite attention their cognitive capabilities are able to master.

      extelligence

    8. ‘Extelligence’

      Extelligence

    9. memeplexes

      memeplexes

    10. effectively reducing information entropy to focus finite human attention and cognitivecapabilities

      information entropy

    11. (substituting document-basedstorage practices),

      substituting document-based practices