1,130 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2018
    1. “Scholarship is the process by which butterflies are transmuted into caterpillars .”Jerry Fodor

      jerry fodor scholarship caterpillar butterfly


    1. "You've heard of animals chewing off a leg to escape a trap? There's an animal kind of trick. A human would remain in the trap, endure the pain, feigning death that he might kill the trapper and remove a threat to his kind."

      human remove threat to kind

    1. Knowledge is constituted through associations, edges in graph parlance that are bidirectional and can be imbued with arbitrary interpretations


      Knowledge is constituted through associations, edges in graph parlance that are bidirectional and can be imbued with arbitrary interpretations

    1. Linked Data is about using the Web to connect related data that wasn't previously linked, or using the Web to lower the barriers to linking data currently linked using other methods.

      linked data

    1. n A-trail (green) through a hex-grid portion of the base map. Dashed lines are a portion of the chosen spanning tree in the dual map.

      A-trail weave

    1. Taming Conversation | Jack Park | TEDxTemecula

      Taming Conversations Jack Park

    1. The Reactive Engine

      the reactive engine Alan Kay

    2. 2. Minsky, Marvin. Computation: Finite and Infinite Machines. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1967.

      Minsky finite and infinite machines

    3. 14. McCarthy, John. "Recursive Functions of Symbolic Expressions and Their Computation by Machine, Part 1." Communications of the ACM, III, 4 (April, 1960), 184-195.

      McCarthy LISP

    4. 37. Feldman, Jerome. Aspects of Associative Processing. Technical Note 1965-13, April, 1965. Lexington, Mass.: M. I. T., Lincoln Laboratory.

      associative processing

    5. 46. Engelbart, D. C. Augmenting Human Intellect: Experiments, Concepts, and Possibilities. SRI Project 3578, March, 1965. Menlo Park, Calif.: Stanford Research Institute.

      engelbart 1962

    6. The complete specification of the current language context is always global and accessible to the program.

      specification tinkerability

    7. In the beginning was the Word all right (general laughter) ... but it wasn't a fixed number of bits. -- R.S. Barton Software Engineering

      word not fixed number of bits

    8. creating and maintaining named logical segments

      named segments

    9. In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God." -- John 1:1

      word beginning god

    10. physically realizing the philosophies presented in the previous sections.

      philosophies realized

    11. when he again types in his password, his process is reactivated and control is passed to the reentry point;


    12. There are also no special entities called files in the system,

      no files

    13. THINK RECURSIVELY. Recursion can be avoided with PROG, but people who use PROG too much will never get to Heaven.-- L. P. Deutsch & B. W. Lampson SDS-930 Lisp Manual

      prog no heaven

    14. Maybe Computer Science should be in the College of Theology! ...R. S. Barton, 1967

      computer science theology

    15. Systems programmers are high priests of a low cult. - R. S. Barton 1967

      system programmer high priest low cult

    16. there is nothing more necessary than to place before the eyes of men certain things the existence of which is neither provable nor probable, but which, for this very reason, pious and scholarly men treat to a certain extent as existent in order that they may be led a step further towards their being and their becoming.

      words pious being becoming

  2. Oct 2018
    1. “A single meeting can blow a whole afternoon by breaking it into two pieces, each too small to do anything hard in.”

      single meeting break

    2. “The more times you trip me up while I’m trying to get started — the longer between each time I’m going to try.

      interruption longer time try

    1. a web of unique connections (idea heaven!)

      idea heaven

    2. shattering your habits in an upward fashion.

      shattering habits upward fashion

    3. the brain thrives on novelty and challenge

      brain novelty

    1. create linked text boxes to make complex page layout documents

      linked text boxes pages

      using it as a layout type of app

    2. create linked text boxes to make complex page layout documents

      linked text boxes pages

      using it as a layout type of app

    1. So when we inevitably move from computer-supported paper generation and exchange tocomputer-supported online creation and exchange, we will need the same level of interop-erability. And as the number and scale of knowledge domains involved in a given CSCW"web" increases, so does the need for "online interoperability."5c

      CSCW web interoperability

    1. Engelbart understood the link between entering data and retrieving results. He realized that more knowledge could be had if we could find some way to link existing knowledge together.

      link entering retrieving engelbart

    2. Engelbart understood the uniqueness behind Bush’s memex machine, particularly the notion of duplicating a trail so that information could be shared with others. “Making it easy to establish and follow the associative trails makes practical a new symbol-structuring process whose use can make a significant difference in the concept structuring and b[a]sic methods of work. It is also probable that clever usage of associative-trail manipulation can augment the human’s process structuring and executing capa[b]ilities so that he could successfully make use of even more powerful symbol-structure man[i]pulation processes utilizing the Memex capabilities.” (Engelbart, Examples and Discussions, Background: Comments Related to Bush’s Article) Engelbart tested this principle by developing a sequencing technique and applying it to his computer card coding system.

      duplicating trails memex engelbart

    1. The memex is the name of the hypothetical proto-hypertext system that Vannevar Bush described in his 1945 The Atlantic Monthly article "As We May Think".


    1. But the operating system, as formerly defined, is to these applications only a component of a larger system. Their true platform is the Internet..." The Network Is The Document

      network document

    1. When the network becomes as fast as the processor, the computer hollows out and spreads across the network. — Eric Schmidt, 2003.

      computer hollows out Eric Schmidt

    1. “The human mind does not work that way. It operates by association. With one item in its grasp, it snaps instantly to the next that is suggested by the association of thoughts, in accordance with some intricate web of trails carried by the cells of the brain. It has other characteristics, of course; trails that are not frequently followed are prone to fade, items are not fully permanent, memory is transitory. Yet the speed of action, the intricacy of trails, the detail of mental pictures, is awe-inspiring beyond all else in nature.” -- Vannevar Bush

      associative indexing bush

    2. the shape of a new thought, a mediated and mechanized thought, one that is described by queries and above all by links."
    1. Bush described associative indexing as the way the mind naturally works, making it a more efficient method for information storage and retrieval.

      associative indexing

    1. “The goals of Web 3.0 include (a) trustless infrastructure; (b) removing intermediaries; and © giving users power and ownership over their data, identity, security, and transactions.

      web 3.0

    2. decentralized systems as a whole currently have a dearth of users, and notoriously lack a killer app

      decentralized web lack killer app

    1. “In theory, theory is suffi cient; in practice it isn’t.”

      in theory isn't

    2. Decreasing the size of the smallest grain size of transcludeable material • Making transclusions recursive

      transclusion recursive

    3. expedite the production of knowledge artifacts

      knowledge artifacts

    4. users can customize interaction func-tionality however suits them best


    5. code is written in a personal programming dialect (which gets translated when exported) within a lattice of frames, each of which may contain whatever graphics, images, sounds, and colors the programmer wishes to collage along with the code (e.g., for comments by self or colleagues, links to related materials).

      personal programming dialect

    6. xporting con-tents to whatever formats downstream applications require

      export downstream

    7. embar-rassingly slow “de-learning” of many of the concepts computer science

      de-learning computer science

    8. Since scripts—which are also represented in frames—can be associated with any object,

      scripts frames

    9. all calls are done by links)

      call by link

    10. All methods for existing objects (move, copy, delete, scale) are identical across all object types.

      all methods identical

    11. Saving (saving is navigation-triggered)

      saving navigation triggered

    12. ifferent treatments of the one-and-the-same transcluded material can be specifi ed in multiple, independent-of-the-source ways.

      independent of the soruce ways

    13. chunking the components of an artifact, such as a document or program, into screen-sized portions (called frames ). Each frame then has a unique name so that it can be referenced by linking.

      chunking referenced by linking

    14. he same content knowably in more than one place (For instance, being able to see a quotation or excerpt and its original context in another document.

      transclusion definition

    15. concept be fully recursive

      fully recursive

    16. the mechanism for effecting the transcluding can also transform the original in desired ways

      transcluded transformed

    17. the mechanism for effecting the transcluding can also transform the original in desired ways

      transcluded transformed

    18. e the fastest way to do something is to not have to do it at all

      fastest way

    19. If it’s in the library, but is too hard to fi nd, it doesn’t exist.

      to hard to find

    20. all of whom did it wrong.

      did it wrong

    21. nightmare honkytonk prison.

      nightmare prison

    22. how you can make links on data to create an incredibly rich hyper- structure for generating knowledge.

      hyper-structure generating knowledge

    23. “Your future is my past.”

      ted your future

    24. This was the conference that famously rejected Tim and Robert’s paper on the World Wide Web

      conference rejected Tim

      In 1991, the ACM Hypertext conference

    25. Tim’s boss, Mike Sendall, marked his proposal as “Vague, but exciting” and this gave Tim permission to carry on developing his ideas as part of his day job

      vague but exciting

    26. were stored in a separable hyper-structure and created on the fl y.

      hyper-structure on the fly

    27. linkbase


    28. all the links were stored in a database as fi rst-class entities that could be reasoned about and applied to any document. Each link was a triple that con-sisted of a source, a destination and a description. Little did I know at the time how prescient of the Semantic Web these ideas would be.

      link tripple

    29. solving prob-lems that the world is only just beginning to realize it has.

      solving problems

    30. I’ve got about 30 years of stuff to say.

      30 years stuff

    31. Ted’s vision requires much greater re-coding of our basic assumptions and operating environments.

      re-coding operating environment

    32. the thing that is being pointed at does not know what is pointing at it. There is no linking, there is no connection, and there is certainly no transclusion!

      no connection

    33. Word actively removes connections, actively removes what information is! That. Is. A. Crime.

      Word crime

    34. WYSIAYG, what Doug called what you see is ALL you get


    35. Luca (last universal common ancestor)


    36. We are a deep part of the deepest history.

      deep part history

    37. Information which cannot be interacted with dies. Information which cannot be interacted with is not really information.

      information interacted

      information need to be discover-able so that you can interact with it in ways that enhances it's context through connections which induces associative indexing ultimately improving discover-ability in context of personal commitments and situated in problem space

    38. re-in-formable

      information re-in-formable

    39. textus , “thing woven,”


      thing woven

    40. Information comes from connections and the interwinglularity of connections only become meaningful to you when you can follow them

      information connections meaning

    41. members of a computationally-steeped democracy

      computationally steeped

    42. debate whether the vision of Total Information Awareness is morally right,

      total information awareness morally

    43. The Work and Infl uence of Ted Nelson

      Work Influence Ted Nelson

    1. hard to orient yourself in your own information

      hard to orient own information

    2. In other words, my research focus at the moment is on finding my own articles when authoring, not as much on trying to understand someone else work

      own articles

    1. Google hopes to improve by better surfacing authoritative content and enlisting feedback about suggested searches and Featured Snippets answers.

      surfacing authoritative content

    1. it will go far beyond that, eventually to all writing.

      no chance for creative writing

    2. a highly predictive machine intelligence layer and a real-time user interface that bridges this quantitative reality into human creativity

      predictive AI human creativity

    3. craft exactly the most effective version of your writing, in your voice.

      effective version

    4. most important potential of writing software — the capability to make the human a more successful writer.

      potential better writer

    5. intricate features to create tables of contents


    6. It doesn’t make your writing better.

      not better wrting

    7. today’s mainstream writing experiences have stalled out.

      stalled out

    8. a collaboration-first word processor.

      collaboration first word processor

    9. Instead of being organized around formatting, it was centered on people and collaboration.


    10. What if you could always find the words that are on the tip of your tongue but just out of reach?

      words tip tounge

    11. Words are, after all, the currency of humans.

      words currency

    1. There's so much out there! How can you tell which resources are valuable and which are a waste of time?

      drink fire hydrant

    1. Who needs a new iPhone? I want a memex in my office.

      memex in my office

    1. more-rapid comprehension, better comprehension, the possibility of gaining a useful degree of comprehension in a situation that previously was too complex, speedier solutions, better solutions, and the possibility of finding solutions to problems that before seemed insoluble.

      more-rapid comprehension

    1. -Build trails across your accumulating body of personal records by designating nodes of interest and links to follow.-Package these trails into Personal Research Objects for working out solutions to your problems, and then sharing them in waysthat are ab initioexplorable, re-purposable and re-presentable in a whole range of dynamically reproducible and consumable formats to any required depth. -Offering a single place to keep all you care about in a Personal Digital Archive. -All system capabilities are themselves presented as Knowledge Objects which comprise behavioral aspects, so that they are explorable and usable in personalized forms: “As knowledge is indivisible, ever evolving and expanding, so should the means we use to manage its growth.” This is critical, the needs of the user, and the needs of the knowledge management capabilities grow along with growth of the knowledge, which they create and manage.

      blaze trails

    1. for thirty years Mendel's work was lost because of the crudity with which information is transmitted between men

      memex revisisted

    1. It would take more advancements in hardware, software, and culture to create the environment we know today where we can snap instantly to the next hyperlink that is suggested by the association of thoughts.

      association of thoughts

    1. supplementing "how creative men think" and relates that the systems for indexing data are still insufficient and rely too much on linear pathways rather than the association-based system of the human brain

      linear pathways vs association based

  3. jrnl.global jrnl.global
    1. escaping the ‘Bush Curse’

      escaping Bush curse

    1. WikiNizer™ Research (WikiNizeR) is a visual Wiki-like knowledge orgaNizer which constructs Personal Knowledge Graphs.


    1. Disadvantage of Using Free Knowledge Base Software for Your Startup

      knowledge base software startup disadvantages

    1. Pingback: Gyuri Lajos – jrnl Frode Hegland says: October 8, 2018 at 9:29 am Your quote about understanding and being understood is beautiful. Reply Pingback: Why work on Improving our Tools for Thought? – liquid thoughts

      understand understood Frode pingback

    1. Authorship has received a great deal of attention in AUGMENT's evolution, as one of the central human activities to be augmented.

      authorship central human activity to be augmented

    2. AUGMENT was designed for augmenting human intellectual capabilities. It was targeted particularly toward the core work of professionals engaged in "tough knowledge work"

      augment tough knowledge work

    3. Authorship Provisions in Augment

      Authorship Augment

    1. Grafo lets you design knowledge graphs the same way you present them: visually. Connect your concepts It should be easy to design a knowledge graph, but existing products - while powerful - are frequently difficult to use. We've designed a system from the ground up for ease of use, while ensuring that it remains robust enough to develop incredibly complex data models.

      visual design knowledge graphs



    1. LD-VOWL extracts schema information from Linked Data endpoints and visualizes the extracted information using the VOWL notation

      visualize schema extracted Linked Data

    1. We want Grafo to be a unifying force for any user designing graphs -- it doesn’t matter if you come from the Semantic Web or the Property Graph world. We want the experience to be open; we want to work with everybody.

      user designing graphs

    2. Knowledge graphs are no longer a niche interest.

      knowledge graph niche



    1. But are we more powerful as individuals than ever before? Or more controlled?

      individual power control

    2. exploration of power in the digital age

      power digital age

    1. extraction and analysis of data and the control of digital infrastructure

      extraction data digital infrastructure

    1. unbridled optimism looks actively irresponsible. It is not encouraging that earlier this year Google removed “Don’t be evil” from its code of conduct.

      don't be evil unbridled optimism

    1. develop technologies to augment our ability to understand and be understood

      Popova augment tools thought

    1. I think you misunderstand the way ipfs works. It does not have "public folder" that everybody could modify. It boils down to this: Everybody has his own "folder" that only he can write into. He then announces address of the new version of the "folder" for everybody interested to take into account when simulating "public folder" that has files from many users.

      ipfs own folder

    1. we know more than we can tell


      Those who know, do not tell, and those who tell do not know

    2. decide

      It is not a matter of choice.

    3. Thus, animal knowledge can be true or false, even though they cannot express it as propositions or in any other linguistic form.

      and as such they may be better for it in some sense.

    1. Plugins are one of the many features that makes WordPress a pleasure to use. How about if you wanted to install some plugins? You can’t do it.

      cannot do it

    2. “By submitting Content to Automattic for inclusion on your Website, you grant Automattic a world-wide, royalty-free, and non-exclusive license to reproduce, modify, adapt and publish the Content solely for the purpose of displaying, distributing and promoting your blog. If you delete Content, Automattic will use reasonable efforts to remove it from the Website, but you acknowledge that caching or references to the Content may not be made immediately unavailable.”

      no no no

    1. First, go to Main Menu > Integrations > Incoming Webhook. If you don’t have the Integrations option in your Main Menu, incoming webhooks may not be enabled on your Mattermost server or may be disabled for non-admins. Enable them from System Console > Integrations > Custom Integrations or ask your System

      mattermost integration

    1. The written word has great expressive power to communicate complex ideas.  But our founding assumption is that semantically enhanced, media-rich digital publishing will be more powerful than traditional print media or electronic copies of printed works.

      written word semantically enhanced media rich digital publishing

    1. open source solutions in scholarly knowledge production

      scholarly knowledge production

    1. want to discuss anything with us, come and chat to us in our Mattermost channel.

      pubsweet mattermost

  4. Sep 2018
    1. write in midair

      write in midair

    2. publishing of hypertext by millions of people

      hypertext millions

    3. dream of world-wide hypertext–

      world wide hypertext

    4. clever, cynical idealists


    5. legally quoted and remixed

      legally quoted remixed

    6. buckle sideways


    7. Nearly every form of electronic document– Word, Acrobat, HTML, XML– represents some business or ideological agenda. Many believe Word and Acrobat are out to entrap users; HTML and XML enact a very limited kind of hypertext with great internal complexity. All imitate paper and (internally) hierarchy. For years, hierarchy simulation and paper simulation have been imposed throughout the computer world and the world of electronic documents. Falsely portrayed as necessitated by "technology," these are really just the world-view of those who build software. I believe that for representing human documents and thought, which are parallel and interpenetrating– some like to say "intertwingled"– hierarchy and paper simulation are all wrong.

      electronic documents all wrong

    1. Vital force (氣 qi), principle ( 理 li), and the Supreme Ultimate (太極 taiji )

      qi li

    1. Li (理, pinyin lǐ)is a concept found in Neo-Confucian Chinese philosophy. It refers to the underlying reason and order of nature as reflected in its organic forms.


    1. OrbitDB is a serverless, distributed, peer-to-peer database. OrbitDB uses IPFS as its data storage and IPFS Pubsub to automatically sync databases with peers. It's an eventually consistent database that uses CRDTs for conflict-free database merges making OrbitDB an excellent choice for decentralized apps (dApps), blockchain applications and offline-first web applications.


    1. Software is a conversation, between the software developer and the user.

      software conversation developer user

    1. cabagetree method

      This is an online version of the book The Cabbage Tree Method. You can continue reading here or download an EPUB or PDF

      This book was made using Editoria, the open source monograph production platform.

    1. map this workflow into browser views (we call them ‘collaborative spaces’ or, more commonly, ‘spaces’)

      browser views collaborative spaces

    2. each of these new spaces can then be built as a PubSweet component!

      built PubSweet component

    3. Mapping Workflows


    1. preparing them for the idea of designing a new system that is native to the web

      native to the web

    1. Perhaps my main motivation, though, is the fact that my mentor at my first job (whose opinions about and approach to software development I deeply respect) mentioned SICP in passing by far more times than any other text during my three month apprenticeship.

      mentor SICP

    1. You cannot think outside the box when you are trying to represent a box.Brian Hayes

      think outside box represent

      That is the only way though

    1. Display Pages, which allow to control how a particular content is displayed in full page.

      display pages

    2. Page Fragments, which are collections of “design blocks” created by web developers using HTML, CSS and JavaScript that are made available to the non-technical users to build the Pages by composing them.

      page fragments

    1. Writing Identities: Toward Post-Process Thought: Editor Jeanette Lonia ...https://www.amazon.com/Writing-Identities-Toward-Post-Process.../0536826927CachedWriting Identities: Toward Post-Process Thought [Editor Jeanette Lonia] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A guide to writing in different 

      post-process thought

    1. The original startup video for WELLGORITHM 1.0

    1. To understand and be understood, those are among life’s greatest gifts, and every interaction is an opportunity to exchange them.

      understand understood popova

    1. He was a student (or impersonating) one at the time. When the FBI caught him and asked him how he did it? He said simply, “I just read one chapter ahead.”

      read chapter ahead

    1. B.  Blog formats are not easy to read

      not easy to read

    2. A. Blogs are scatter brained

      scatter brained

    3. I have “blogs” because it is easier to write and update content using the blog software (as opposed to a standard HTML site).

      blog easy to write and update

    1. The web wasn’t designed as a hypertext capability infrastructure,

      hypertext capability infrastructure, web

      It was not designed but with distributed protocols and other new development it can be turned into one

    1. const all = db.query((doc) => doc.followers >= 500)

      orbitdb let's you do queries in synchronous ways

    1. scanning for a content match


    2. A marker name may be included in an address expression, to provide another way of designating an address. A marker name can designate not only a particular statement, but a specific character within that statement.

      marker name