25 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2018
    1. Instead of continuing the millennia old search for the universal ontology, different types of ontologies have been proposed in computer science. [.] [C]lassification of ontologies [is] based on their granularity and [their] thematic scope [differs] into top-level, domain, task, and application ontologies ... (Hitzler, Janowicz, Berg-Cross, Obrst, Sheth, Finin, Cruz 2012)
  2. Sep 2018
    1. Education as a practice has placed a much higher value on observation and hands-on experience than on scientific evidence, Seidenberg said. "We have to change the culture of education from one based on beliefs to one based on facts."
  3. Jul 2018
    1. ng meets human needs—and exchange value—value based on profit—Trimbur points to the often-contradictory relationship between the two forms of value that is realized w

      Object-Oriented Ontologies

    2. Content has a core conditional quality, fluidity in terms of what shape it may take and where it may travel, and indeterminacy in terms of who may use it, to what ends, and how various uses may come to be valued.

      Object-oriented ontological thinking?

    1. Actually, no, it hasn't, no matter what the Bunny's sign says. The scientific method is designed specifically to root out bias and false assumptions, including political ones. Sure, individual scientists can be political, but the scientific method is not. Its ideological agnosticism is why it works so well. In fact, the self-correcting nature of science means it is the best source of secular knowledge that humankind possesses.
  4. Jun 2018
    1. An upper ontology (or foundation ontology) is a model of the common relations and objects that are generally applicable across a wide range of domain ontologies.
    2. A domain ontology (or domain-specific ontology) represents concepts which belong to a part of the world, such as biology or politics.
    3. At present, merging ontologies that are not developed from a common upper ontology is a largely manual process and therefore time-consuming and expensive.
  5. May 2018
    1. an approach to representingscientific concepts that reflects (1) the situated processes of science work, (2) the social construction of knowledge, and (3) the emergenceand evolution of understanding over time

      Beyond Ontologies

      ontology

  6. Apr 2018
    1. Theserequirements imply the integration of KOcapabilities not just in “design time” but at run time and,in the collaborative case,“on the fly” throughout the whole ‘life cycle’ of the ontology. [63] This way, dynamicontology building and maturing[42] arrived at technologies for permanent refactoringwith open ended lifeline including the possibility of bootstrappingthe ontology management framework. [65]

      bootstrapping ontology management framework

  7. Dec 2017
    1. German now stands in a line with that of the most learned nations in richness of erudition and advance in the sciences. It is too of common descent with the language of our own Country, a branch of the same Original Gothic Stock, and furnishes Valuable illustrations for us. But in this point of View the Anglo-Saxon is of peculiar value. We have placed it among the modern languages because it is in fact that which we speak, in the earliest form in which we have knowledge of it. It has been undergoing, with time, those gradual changes which all languages, antient and modern, have experienced: and even now, needs only to be printed in the Modern character and Orthography, to be intelligible in a considerable degree to an English reader

      Clearly the frame workers of the college put considerable weight upon the learning of foreign languages. I admire the kind of insight that the writers had when nothing that the German language lead to considerable advances in sciences. During the time in which this was written, it was not often considered as to how language changes the way you think. There are many distinctions that come from speaking a different language, some obvious, many very subtle and elusive. An example of this would be the fact that German speakers often focus on goal oriented details when constructing a sentence because the nature of their verbs are not as versatile as in English. Studies have shown that Germans can predict goal oriented behavior better when viewing an action, while English speakers focus more solely on the actions themselves. This is a subtle distinction, but it evidences that the differences exist, and these differences can culminate to big implications in terms of ways of thinking. To bring this full circle, UVA requires me to take a foreign language; but UVA has also come to the point in which they offer classes that study specifically Language and Thought. This may not have been in the original plan, but has become an offshoot based upon the broad curriculum that was originally setup for the school to branch off of.

  8. Feb 2017
  9. Apr 2016
    1. This principle is, I will show, a convenient fiction in this new work, enabling the philosopher to hear the call of things and to speak to and for them, despite the new rule that we cannot think of objects as being-for-us and must reject older philosophies smacking of “presence” and traditional ontology or ontotheology.

      The heart of the critique.

    2. according to the new line of thinking, objects should be recognized for their indifference to us, for the sorts of things they do behind our backs, and for the ways in which they “are” behind appear-ances
  10. Dec 2015
    1. I will use a mathematical tool calledologs, or ontology logs, to givesome structure to the kinds of ideas that are often communicated in pictures like theone on the cover. Each olog inherently offers a framework in which to record data aboutthe subject. More precisely it encompasses adatabase schema, which means a system ofinterconnected tables that are initially empty but into which data can be entered.
  11. Nov 2015
  12. Sep 2015
    1. In a nutshell, an ontology answers the question, “What things can we say exist in a domain, and how do we describe those things that relate to each other?”

  13. plato.stanford.edu plato.stanford.edu
    1. ontological status

      ontological status - they ways in which people define, characterize, and categorize a lived/experienced/observed phenomenon is that phenomenon's "ontology." The observed phenomena in this case are physical differences between various social groups from different geographic locations.

  14. Jul 2015
    1. gray matter

      Gray matter should not be in the name here. You cannot distinguish gray matter from white matter tissue preparation in any meaningful sense. The gray matter/white matter distinction should derive from the anatomical structure being assayed.

  15. Jun 2015
    1. Perhaps this allseems laborious or trivial, but knowing exactly what goes into and comes out of a news application is fundamental to understanding how to preserve one.