59 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2021
    1. Ontological holy war is about degrading the other side’s ability to think complex and/or adversarial thoughts, by desecrating and warping the meanings of their words, fragmenting the ‘key signature’ of their connectome harmonics.

      bringing people down as non-[[epistemic peers]] // form of [[narcissism]] that silos a more fluid perspective to a certain and immutable point of view / truth

    1. Scale, inevitably leads to power-law distributed outcomes, leading to the inevitable concentration of talent and resources among a few investigators pursuing a few lines of inquiry, and their pale second-rate imitators. Through this mechanism science at scale reinforces (and in fact, under sufficient political capture imposes) consensus, further annihilating the possibility of the necessary revolutionary synthesis of ideas.

      The solution to any sort of global leaderboard thing - like Mendeley most read or most cited - is to break it up into local communities - most read among your friends or most cited within only the outer leaves of the topic tree.

  2. Nov 2020
    1. The ontology data model can be applied to a set of individual facts to create a knowledge graph – a collection of entities, where the types and the relationships between them are expressed by nodes and edges between these nodes, By describing the structure of the knowledge in a domain, the ontology sets the stage for the knowledge graph to capture the data in it.

      How ontologies and knowledge graphs relate.

    1. An ontology is as a formal, explicit specification of a sharedconceptualization that is characterized by high semantic ex-pressiveness required for increased complexity [9]. Ontolog-ical representations allow semantic modeling of knowledge,and are therefore commonly used as knowledge bases in artifi-cial intelligence (AI) applications, for example, in the contextof knowledge-based systems. Application of an ontology asknowledge base facilitates validation of semantic relationshipsand derivation of conclusions from known facts for inference(i.e., reasoning) [9]

      Definition of an ontology

  3. Oct 2020
    1. Informative data about objects that are considered prototypes for the role. Base concept is similar to type, but without inheritance of limitations and properties. Base concepts are designed as a substitute for inheritance for external concepts. A base concept is like a related concept except that the base concept is almost identical to the role definition.
    1. Taxonomy A hierarchical definition of how the characteristics of various classes relate to each other, in which classes inherit the properties of superclasses in the hierarchy. A taxonomy can comprise part of the formal definition of an ontology.
    1. Ontology is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations
    1. At the end of the day, Marcuse sees that Heidegger avoids the type of analyses that would reveal systems of oppression and domination from which many human beings suffer. The modes of existence for Dasein have a social, historical, and political context that shape the way they are experienced. For example, Dasein has a race, gender, class, etc. These particular features come with specific social interpretations which affect Dasein’s life’s prospects. According to Marcuse, Heidegger’s Dasein is a sociologically and biologically neutral category (Marcuse 2005b: 167). Heidegger gives no account of the multiple forms of oppression and domination present in advanced industrial societies nor the way that individuals respond to these forms of oppression and domination. In a 1977 interview conducted by Frederick A. Olafson, Marcuse raises the following criticism of Heidegger: How does the individual situate himself and see himself in capitalism—at a certain stage of capitalism, under socialism, as a member of this or that class, and so on? This entire dimension is absent. To be sure, Dasein is constituted in historicity, but Heidegger focuses on individuals purged of the hidden and not so hidden injuries of their class, their work, their recreation, purged of the injuries they suffer from their society. There is no trace of the daily rebellion, of the striving for liberation. The Man (the anonymous anyone) is no substitute for the social reality (Marcuse 2005b: 169)

      This is just total misunderstanding of Heidegger: Heidegger is working towards the ultimate dimension. These concerns raised here are relative concerns. This is a great illustration of how western thought in general, and critical theory in general is lacking this distinction (between ultimate and relative dimensions) -- and how problematic that is.

  4. Sep 2020
    1. But you think sometimes about what the real world is. Just what your brain mixes together from what your senses tell you. We create the world in a lot of ways. I suppose it shouldn’t be surprising that, when we’re not being careful, we can change it.
  5. Aug 2020
    1. Cells, for example, are a central category, but there’s no definite criterion for what counts as a cell. If you attempt to find one, you rapidly bog down in a maze of exceptions. You might start with something like “a self-reproducing living unit carrying a single copy of the organism’s DNA within a membrane.” But red blood cells don’t self-reproduce and have no DNA. Mitochondria are not cells, but they self-reproduce using their own DNA within a membrane. Muscle cells have multiple nuclei, each with a separate complete copy of the DNA. Some algae have life stages in which they have no cell membranes. And so on indefinitely.8

      I'm not an expert in biology or anything, but perhaps the moral there is we should rethink this 'cell' idea? IIRC astronomers continue to talk about 'planets' even though the longer you examine the concept the more incoherent it becomes. (For an extended example, see the infamous Discourse about whether "Pluto is a planet", which led to hilarious goal post stretching where people kept trying to find a definition of 'planet' that exactly fit the traditional celestial objects we classify as planets without having to include any new ones or exclude existing ones)

      There is obviously no rule that says the categorizations we come up with for stuff when a field is young should be expected to have infinite inferential reach as that field of knowledge expands.

  6. May 2020
  7. Apr 2020
    1. OWL documents, known as ontologies

      "Web ontology language"

  8. Mar 2020
  9. Jan 2020
  10. Oct 2019
  11. Feb 2019
    1. Escobar casts wide the net of his critique, his objective is not merely to tackle neoliberal capitalism, rampant individualism, patriarchy or colonialism — although each of those topics are explored in detail. He is writing against nothing less than all of modernity, a “particular modelo civilizatorio, or civilizational model… an entire way of life and a whole style of world making.” Our toxic, modern lifestyle in the Global North and the way it understands (or fails to understand) the relationality between humanity and other forms of life plays the dominant role in creating the contemporary crises. To preserve the future we need a different way of life and way to relate to all of life, “no less than a new notion of the human.” The crises are inseparable from our social lives. We need to step outside of our established worldviews to bring about significant transformations. Is this possible? How can we achieve such a transition?

      Designs for the Pluriverse book review

  12. Jan 2019
    1. t moves ontology into the domain of ontic oper-ations.

      That's massive.

      The ontological/ontic debate has existed within the ontological. Siegert's theory of cultural techniques moves it into the ontic. Put another way, it resolves the debate by demonstrating the ontic as ontologically prior to ontology.

    1. atter

      Matter doesn't need to be observed. This is how she is avoiding relativism. She's grounding her ontology in the natural world.

    2. healthy skepticismtoward Cartesian doubt

      lol, but for real, what Barad is suggesting really is difficult to do, or at least I'm finding it difficult to do.

      We believe words are more understandable and apprehensible than the physical world. We believe words are more understandable and apprehensible than the physical world. We believe words are more understandable and apprehensible than the physical world. . .

      It seems crazy because our society is so science and tech driven, but she's right. We believe words to be prior (ontologically) to the world around us because they are a part of "us," our own minds.

      Distorting Descartes's famous thought experiment here seems to help me understand this. While I suspect the average person could be pushed into admitting the possibility of an evil demon spinning an elaborate hoax for you, deceiving your physical senses and tricking your brain, I can't imagine finding anyone who would admit the opposite. The opposite would be that the external world exists largely as you perceive it. The demon is not manipulating your experience of the natural world at all. Instead, he is tricking you into believing you exist.

      We're so Cartesian we can't even conceive of it being otherwise. Perhaps Spinoza would help here, as well as other monist ontologies?

      Someone please redeem this annotation I don't even know what is happening anymore.

  13. Oct 2018
    1. Instead of continuing the millennia old search for the universal ontology, different types of ontologies have been proposed in computer science. [.] [C]lassification of ontologies [is] based on their granularity and [their] thematic scope [differs] into top-level, domain, task, and application ontologies ... (Hitzler, Janowicz, Berg-Cross, Obrst, Sheth, Finin, Cruz 2012)
  14. Sep 2018
    1. Education as a practice has placed a much higher value on observation and hands-on experience than on scientific evidence, Seidenberg said. "We have to change the culture of education from one based on beliefs to one based on facts."
  15. Jul 2018
    1. ng meets human needs—and exchange value—value based on profit—Trimbur points to the often-contradictory relationship between the two forms of value that is realized w

      Object-Oriented Ontologies

    2. Content has a core conditional quality, fluidity in terms of what shape it may take and where it may travel, and indeterminacy in terms of who may use it, to what ends, and how various uses may come to be valued.

      Object-oriented ontological thinking?

    1. Actually, no, it hasn't, no matter what the Bunny's sign says. The scientific method is designed specifically to root out bias and false assumptions, including political ones. Sure, individual scientists can be political, but the scientific method is not. Its ideological agnosticism is why it works so well. In fact, the self-correcting nature of science means it is the best source of secular knowledge that humankind possesses.
  16. Jun 2018
    1. An upper ontology (or foundation ontology) is a model of the common relations and objects that are generally applicable across a wide range of domain ontologies.
    2. A domain ontology (or domain-specific ontology) represents concepts which belong to a part of the world, such as biology or politics.
    3. At present, merging ontologies that are not developed from a common upper ontology is a largely manual process and therefore time-consuming and expensive.
  17. May 2018
    1. an approach to representingscientific concepts that reflects (1) the situated processes of science work, (2) the social construction of knowledge, and (3) the emergenceand evolution of understanding over time

      Beyond Ontologies


  18. Apr 2018
    1. Theserequirements imply the integration of KOcapabilities not just in “design time” but at run time and,in the collaborative case,“on the fly” throughout the whole ‘life cycle’ of the ontology. [63] This way, dynamicontology building and maturing[42] arrived at technologies for permanent refactoringwith open ended lifeline including the possibility of bootstrappingthe ontology management framework. [65]

      bootstrapping ontology management framework

  19. Dec 2017
    1. German now stands in a line with that of the most learned nations in richness of erudition and advance in the sciences. It is too of common descent with the language of our own Country, a branch of the same Original Gothic Stock, and furnishes Valuable illustrations for us. But in this point of View the Anglo-Saxon is of peculiar value. We have placed it among the modern languages because it is in fact that which we speak, in the earliest form in which we have knowledge of it. It has been undergoing, with time, those gradual changes which all languages, antient and modern, have experienced: and even now, needs only to be printed in the Modern character and Orthography, to be intelligible in a considerable degree to an English reader

      Clearly the frame workers of the college put considerable weight upon the learning of foreign languages. I admire the kind of insight that the writers had when nothing that the German language lead to considerable advances in sciences. During the time in which this was written, it was not often considered as to how language changes the way you think. There are many distinctions that come from speaking a different language, some obvious, many very subtle and elusive. An example of this would be the fact that German speakers often focus on goal oriented details when constructing a sentence because the nature of their verbs are not as versatile as in English. Studies have shown that Germans can predict goal oriented behavior better when viewing an action, while English speakers focus more solely on the actions themselves. This is a subtle distinction, but it evidences that the differences exist, and these differences can culminate to big implications in terms of ways of thinking. To bring this full circle, UVA requires me to take a foreign language; but UVA has also come to the point in which they offer classes that study specifically Language and Thought. This may not have been in the original plan, but has become an offshoot based upon the broad curriculum that was originally setup for the school to branch off of.

  20. Feb 2017
  21. Apr 2016
    1. This principle is, I will show, a convenient fiction in this new work, enabling the philosopher to hear the call of things and to speak to and for them, despite the new rule that we cannot think of objects as being-for-us and must reject older philosophies smacking of “presence” and traditional ontology or ontotheology.

      The heart of the critique.

    2. according to the new line of thinking, objects should be recognized for their indifference to us, for the sorts of things they do behind our backs, and for the ways in which they “are” behind appear-ances
  22. Dec 2015
    1. I will use a mathematical tool calledologs, or ontology logs, to givesome structure to the kinds of ideas that are often communicated in pictures like theone on the cover. Each olog inherently offers a framework in which to record data aboutthe subject. More precisely it encompasses adatabase schema, which means a system ofinterconnected tables that are initially empty but into which data can be entered.
  23. Nov 2015
  24. Sep 2015
    1. In a nutshell, an ontology answers the question, “What things can we say exist in a domain, and how do we describe those things that relate to each other?”

  25. plato.stanford.edu plato.stanford.edu
    1. ontological status

      ontological status - they ways in which people define, characterize, and categorize a lived/experienced/observed phenomenon is that phenomenon's "ontology." The observed phenomena in this case are physical differences between various social groups from different geographic locations.

  26. Jul 2015
    1. gray matter

      Gray matter should not be in the name here. You cannot distinguish gray matter from white matter tissue preparation in any meaningful sense. The gray matter/white matter distinction should derive from the anatomical structure being assayed.

  27. Jun 2015
    1. Perhaps this allseems laborious or trivial, but knowing exactly what goes into and comes out of a news application is fundamental to understanding how to preserve one.