582 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
  2. May 2023
    1. Reportage der New York Times über Veränderungen in der reisproduktion, die vor allem durch die globale Erhitzung erzwungen werden. Aber auch die hohen methanemissionen und ökologische Veränderungen durch den Wasserverbrauch für die reiseproduktion wirken sich aus. Insgesamt gefährdet die Klimakatastrophe gerade in Bezug auf Reis die Lebensmittelsicherheit. Konzerne versuchen durch die Entwicklung von Gentechnik von dieser Situation zu profitieren. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2023/05/20/climate/rice-farming-climate-change.html

    1. Auch die Repubblica berichtet über die Studie der Universität Bristol zu zukünftigen extremen Hitzewellen und ihren Folgen. Zwischen 1998 und 2017 sind mehr als 166.000 Menschen an diesen Extremereignissen gestorben. Die Publikation verwendet statistische Methoden der Erforschung extrem unwahrscheinlicher Ergeignisse, um die es sich bei 31% der untersuchten Hitzewellen zwischen 1959 und 2021 gehandelt hat. https://www.repubblica.it/green-and-blue/2023/05/12/news/ondate_di_calore_europa_regioni_a_rischio-399709172/

      Studie: The most at-risk regions in the world for high-impact heatwaves https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-023-37554-1

  3. Apr 2023
    1. Die Biden-Administration will zum ersten Mal in der Geschichte der USA die Anrainer-Staaten eines Flusses zwingen ihren Wasserverbrauch zu gleichen Teilen zu reduzieren. Damit soll gesichert werden, dass der Colorado River, der wegen einer langen Trockenheit und zu großen Entnahmen nur noch wenig Wasser führt, weiter fließt. https://www.nytimes.com/2023/04/11/climate/colorado-river-water-cuts-drought.html

  4. Mar 2023
    1. Sustainable consumption scholars offer several explanations forwhy earth-friendly, justice-supporting consumers falter when itcomes to translating their values into meaningful impact.
      • Paraphrase
      • Claim
        • earth-friendly, justice-supporting consumers cannot translate their values into meaningful impact.
      • Evidence
      • “the shading and distancing of commerce” Princen (1997) is an effect of information assymetry.
        • producers up and down a supply chain can hide the negative social and environmental impacts of their operations, putting conscientious consumers at a disadvantage. //
      • this is a result of the evolution of alienation accelerated by the industrial revolution that created the dualistic abstractions of producers and consumers.
      • Before that, producers and consumers lived often one and the same in small village settings
      • After the Industrial Revolution, producers became manufacturers with imposing factories that were cutoff from the general population
      • This set the conditions for opaqueness that have plagued us ever since. //

      • time constraints, competing values, and everyday routines together thwart the rational intentions of well-meaning consumers (Røpke 1999)

      • assigning primary responsibility for system change to individual consumers is anathema to transformative change (Maniates 2001, 2019)
      • This can be broken down into three broad categories of reasons:

        • Rebound effects
          • https://jonudell.info/h/facet/?max=100&expanded=true&user=stopresetgo&exactTagSearch=true&any=jevon%27s+paradox
          • increases in consumption consistently thwart effciency-driven resource savings across a wide variety of sectors (Stern 2020). -sustainability scholars increasingly critique “effciency” both as:
            • a concept (Shove 2018)
            • as a form of“weak sustainable consumption governance” (Fuchs and Lorek 2005).
          • Many argue that, to be successful, effciency measures must be accompanied by initiatives that limit overall levels of consumption, that is, “strong sustainable consumption governance.
        • Attitude-behavior gap

        • Behavior-impact gap

    1. For instance, we used to think that the main cause of obesity was a poor diet at an individual level, leading to treatments focused on the individual. However, taking a networked thinking approach in a 32-year-long study with over 12,000 people led researchers to discover that the participants’ personal network had a great impact on their likelihood to be obese. “Discernible clusters of obese persons were present in the network at all time points,” write the researchers.

      Another social factor influencing human behaviour. Beware of such factors when it comes to self-improvement and learning.

  5. Feb 2023
    1. The way in which shoppers were presented with practical climate information was repeatedly commented on as a brilliantly simple idea that people felt ought to be the norm in food retail. Plus, we saw repeat visits – parents so impressed by the concept’s educative value that they came back a second time with their children.As one shopper shared: “I didn’t expect this when walking in. The visuals with the three different bags explained everything so well. I learned so much more compared to, say, a lecture.”
      • campaign was highly successfully
      • customers learned so much from the simplicity
  6. Jan 2023
    1. More news organizations will realize they are in the business of impact, not eyeballs


      Journalistic outlets should be in the business of creating impact and not scrounging merely for eyeballs and exposure.

      Exposure may be useful for advertising revenue with respect to surveillance capitalism, but if you're not informing along the way, not making a measurable impact, then you're not living, not making a change.

  7. Nov 2022
    1. increasing body of research analytically exploresthe consequences of the research impact agenda on academic work,including the risks posed to research quality (Chubb and Reed2018), prioritising of short-term impacts rather than more concep-tual impacts (Greenhalgh and Fahy 2015; Meagher and Martin2017), ethical risks (Smith and Stewart 2017), and a focus on indi-vidual academics rather than on the broader context of research-based policy change (Dunlop 2018)

      Lots of papers write about the effect that the UK's focus on comprehensive impact affects the quality of research and individual researchers

    1. Unsur-prisingly, therefore, existing research documents various ways in which REF impact has becomeembedded within university governance, including via the broadening of career progression criteria(Bandola-Gill 2019)

      REF has become embedded within university governance - including career progression criteria (for researchers presumably)

    2. RANDreport that had been commissioned by HEFCE (Grant et al. 2010)

      interesting ties here between REF and ResearchFish - both came out of RAND

    1. while there aregroups potentially benefiting from the case studies relating to their field of research (egwriters benefiting from studies in Panel D, engineers benefiting from studies in PanelB), there are mentions of these potential beneficiaries across all the panels

      The beneficiaries of research named by REF impact case studies are heterogeneous across all UOAs

    2. With the benefit of hindsight, our analysis would have been much easierif the case studies had greater structure and used standardized definitions. Giventhat the case studies spanned a 20-year period, organization names have changed inthat time and keyword searches were not sophisticated enough to capture some keyinformation.

      I found similar in my 2017 work. I'd guess that modern vector-based analyses and entity linking approaches could help a lot with reconciling these issues now.

    3. Topic modelling was used to determine common topics across the wholecorpus. Sixty-five topics were found (of which 60 were used) using theApache Mallet Toolkit Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) algorithm.

      The authors used LDA with k=60 across full text case studies. The Apache Mallet implementation was used.

    4. any effect on, change or benefit to the economy, society,culture, public policy or services, health, the environment or quality of life, beyondacademia’ (REF, 2011).

      the REF definition of impact as it pertains to comprehensive impact (and as opposed to academic impact)

    1. Research funders and providers are having to compete with other public services, and,as such, must be able to advocate the need for funding of research. Leaders within thesector must have compelling arguments to ‘make the case’ for research. For example,the Research Councils each publish an annual impact report which describe the waysin which they are maximising the impacts of their investments. These reports includeillustrations of how their research and training has made a contribution to the economyand society.10 The analysis of Researchfish and other similar data can support thedevelopment of these cases

      For research councils, being able to illustrate how their research impacts the economy and society helps them to compete for and justify their continued funding.

    2. Research outputs (and outcomes and impact) are gathered through a ‘questionset’ developed by funding institutions through a consultative process. This set of16 questions contains 175 sub-questions as illustrated in Figure 3 (the full set ofquestions are available in Annex A). A researcher, or one of their delegates, can add,edit and delete entries, and crucially, attribute entries to research grants and awards

      RF allows researchers to input fine-grained information about the research that they have done and this information is passed back to the funding bodies.

    3. The term ‘impact’ is currently used widely in research, especially with the inclusion ofnon-academic impact as part of the latest Research Excellence Framework (REF)

      RF use similar definition of impact to that of REF

    1. look at the economicimpact of research – taking an area of research(often cardiovascular disease), calculating thetotal investment in research and comparing it tothe total payback in terms of monetarised healthbenefit and other economic effects.

      Interesting to see that the authors considers these macro level economic indicators "broad and shallow" but it does make sense. Ideally we want to understand individual contributions of works to economic impact.

    2. However, knowledge production isnormally only an intermediate aim: the ultimateobjective of most medical research is to improvehealth and prosperity.

      Exactly! Measuring citation counts doesn't help us understand whether research actually helped people

    3. Much broad and shallow evaluation is based onbibliometrics (examining the quality of researchpublications) to assess the amount and quality ofknowledge produced

      here the authors are discussing the fact that a lot of analysis/evaluation of research is done via bibliometrics (citation-based impact metrics) and they consider this kind of evaluation to be "broad and shallow"

  8. Oct 2022
    1. Impact Object – The Impact Object collision data will be sent to. If empty, it will attempt to find an Impact Object on the collider that was hit or one of its parents.

      ? What does it mean for a collision data to be sent to an impact object?

      In the other implementation, we used impact object rigidbody/single material and assigned to it the impact material we created, which would be used in the tags library.

      ? What are the details of the ImpactObjectRigidbody in this case?

    2. Impact Triggers are components that tell Impact Objects when to play interactions and with what data. They are the origin that provides the data which is sent to the object’s Impact Material to ultimately play the interactions defined on the material.


    1. Impact Object Rigidbody uses FixedUpdate to ensure accurate interactions, especially when sliding and rolling. However, this can cause overhead if there are a lot of objects.

      ^ It seems that FixedUpdate is prone to causing overhead

    2. Any Impact Triggers must be on the root of the object (the same object as the Rigidbody), and should have their Impact Object field empty. Impact Triggers must be on the same component as the Rigidbody,

      ? Must be on the root of the object, the same object as the rigid body? which rigidbody, the parent or the child?

      ? Impact Triggers must be on the same component as the Rigidbody

    3. Impact Object Single Material is the simplest type of Impact Object, with a single material used for the object. It is most suited for static objects and level geometry. You can add this script to your objects by going to

      ? what are static objects and level geometry?

    4. Priority can be used to ensure that certain objects will always play their interactions, even if it requires "stealing" resources that are already in use.


    5. Impact Objects are components that you attach to the objects in your game’s world to specify their material, so that other objects (and other parts of your game) know how to interact with them. Impact Objects can also provide physics data such as rigidbody velocity.

      ^ Impact Objects can also provide physics data such as rigidbody velocity.

    1. The Audio Source Template prefab must have an Impact Audio Source component attached to it.

      ^ Creating an Audio Source Template as a singular source for audio management

    2. Pool Size – The size of the object pool created for this audio source.

      ? What is an object pool?

    1. Impact Materials define what interactions will occur when an object interacts with the tags defined in the Impact Tag Library

      -- the Impact Tag Library is where we define the list of tags for our materials.

      i.e.: Plastic, Glass, Concrete...etc

    1. The size of this buffer limits the number of interaction results that can be returned by a single interaction, so make sure this is set appropriately for how many interaction results your materials can return.

      ~? What are interaction results?

      Is it about how many times the object is interacted with in the scene?

      How would one go on about measuring that?

    2. This is a hard limit that will be checked as soon as a collision message is recieved. If the limit has been reached for that fixed update frame, processing will be aborted immediately. Typically you would want to set this to be about the same size as your object pools. Triggers can be set as High Priority to ignore this limit.

      ? what does it mean that processing will be aborted immediately? what is processing in that case?

      Is it meant that the interactions; the sounds emitted would not go through if they were supposed to occur?

    3. Material Mapping works best for static, single material objects. Without an Impact Object component attached, no material composition or velocity data can be obtained

      ~? Are static single material objects, objects without a rigid body?

      ? What does it mean for a material composition or velocity data to be obtained?

    4. Material Mapping allows you to map Unity's Physics Materials to Impact Materials. This is useful so that you don't necessarily have to add an Impact Object component to all of the objects in your scene.

      -~ The impact mapping would include the properties of the physics material by Unity and allows us to use Impact functionality, such as using the material to produce specific sounds on impact with it

    5. For example, if you have a terrain you will probably want to set this to the number of textures your terrain uses.

      Setting Material Composition Buffer Size to the number of textures the terrain uses

    1. The first field is an Impact Tag Library which is used to display a user-friendly dropdown for the tag or tag mask. The second field represents the actual value of the tag or tag Mask

    2. Just remember that under the hood tags are represented only by integers, so using multiple tag libraries with different tag names does not mean you can have more than 32 tags.


    1. Impact assessments: Law 25 is broad and requires a PIR to be carried out whenever conditions are met, regardless of the level of risk. The GDPR is less stringent, only requiring assessments in cases where processing is likely to result in a ‘high risk’ to rights and freedoms. Because the CCPA does not specifically focus on accountability-related obligations, it does not mandate impact assessments.
  9. Sep 2022
    1. humanity as not only the source and context for technology and its use, but its ultimate yardstick for the constructive use and impact of technology. This may sound obvious, it certainly does to me, but in practice it needs to be repeated to ensure it is used as such a yardstick from the very first design stage of any new technology.

      Vgl [[Networked Agency 20160818213155]] wrt having a specific issue to address that is shared by the user group wielding a tech / tool, in their own context.

      Vgl [[Open data begint buiten 20200808162905]] wrt the only yardstick for open data stems from its role as policy instrument: impact achieved outside in the aimed for policy domains through the increased agency of the open data users.

      Tech impact is not to be measured in eyeballs, usage, revenue etc. That's (understandably) the corporation's singular and limited view, the rest of us should not adopt it as the only possible one.

  10. Aug 2022
    1. Pritchard, E., Matthews, P. C., Stoesser, N., Eyre, D. W., Gethings, O., Vihta, K.-D., Jones, J., House, T., VanSteenHouse, H., Bell, I., Bell, J. I., Newton, J. N., Farrar, J., Diamond, I., Rourke, E., Studley, R., Crook, D., Peto, T. E. A., Walker, A. S., & Pouwels, K. B. (2021). Impact of vaccination on new SARS-CoV-2 infections in the United Kingdom. Nature Medicine, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-021-01410-w

  11. Jul 2022
    1. The Benefits of Learning: The Impact of Education on Health, Family Life and ...

      Page 38: Effects of education upon health outcomes

    2. The Benefits of Learning: The Impact of Education on Health, Family Life and ...

      The benefits of learning: The impact of education on health, family life and social capital

    1. by V Raghupathi · 2020 · Cited by 78 — Some evidence suggests that education is strongly linked to health determinants such as preventative care [9]. Education helps promote and ...benefits of education on healthnegative effects of education on healthimpact of education on health pdfimpact of education on lifehealth and educationhow does education affect mental healthPeople also search for
  12. May 2022
  13. Apr 2022
    1. ReconfigBehSci on Twitter: ‘@STWorg @PhilippMSchmid @CorneliaBetsch and every now and then we have to watch a clip like this to be reminded what all of this is really about. This pain and suffering is happening in one of the richest countries in the world at a time in the pandemic when we know exactly what to do to avoid it’ / Twitter. (n.d.). Retrieved 22 April 2022, from https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1464662622440144896

  14. Mar 2022
    1. Unwin, H. J. T., Hillis, S., Cluver, L., Flaxman, S., Goldman, P. S., Butchart, A., Bachman, G., Rawlings, L., Donnelly, C. A., Ratmann, O., Green, P., Nelson, C. A., Blenkinsop, A., Bhatt, S., Desmond, C., Villaveces, A., & Sherr, L. (2022). Global, regional, and national minimum estimates of children affected by COVID-19-associated orphanhood and caregiver death, by age and family circumstance up to Oct 31, 2021: An updated modelling study. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 6(4), 249–259. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(22)00005-0

    1. ReconfigBehSci on Twitter: ‘@STWorg @ProfColinDavis @rpancost @chrisdc77 @syrpis this is the most in depth treatment of the impact of equalities law on pandemic policy that I’ve been able to find- it would seem to underscore that there is a legal need for impact assessments that ask (some) of these questions https://t.co/auiApVC0TW’ / Twitter. (n.d.). Retrieved 22 March 2022, from https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1485927221449613314

    1. I hope, for the sake of everybody -- Ukrainians, Russians and the whole of humanity -- that this war stops immediately. Because if it doesn't, it's not only the Ukrainians and the Russians 00:11:39 that will suffer terribly. Everybody will suffer terribly if this war continues. BG: Explain why. YNH: Because of the shock waves destabilizing the whole world. Let’s start with the bottom line: budgets. We have been living in an amazing era of peace in the last few decades. And it wasn't some kind of hippie fantasy. You saw it in the bottom line. 00:12:06 You saw it in the budgets. In Europe, in the European Union, the average defense budget of EU members was around three percent of government budget. And that's a historical miracle, almost. For most of history, the budget of kings and emperors and sultans, like 50 percent, 80 percent goes to war, goes to the army. 00:12:31 In Europe, it’s just three percent. In the whole world, the average is about six percent, I think, fact-check me on this, but this is the figure that I know, six percent. What we saw already within a few days, Germany doubles its military budget in a day. And I'm not against it. Given what they are facing, it's reasonable. For the Germans, for the Poles, for all of Europe to double their budgets. And you see other countries around the world doing the same thing. 00:12:58 But this is, you know, a race to the bottom. When they double their budgets, other countries look and feel insecure and double their budgets, so they have to double them again and triple them. And the money that should go to health care, that should go to education, that should go to fight climate change, this money will now go to tanks, to missiles, to fighting wars. 00:13:25 So there is less health care for everybody, and there is maybe no solution to climate change because the money goes to tanks. And in this way, even if you live in Australia, even if you live in Brazil, you will feel the repercussions of this war in less health care, in a deteriorating ecological crisis, 00:13:48 in many other things. Again, another very central question is technology. We are on the verge, we are already in the middle, actually, of new technological arms races in fields like artificial intelligence. And we need global agreement about how to regulate AI and to prevent the worst scenarios. How can we get a global agreement on AI 00:14:15 when you have a new cold war, a new hot war? So in this field, to all hopes of stopping the AI arms race will go up in smoke if this war continues. So again, everybody around the world will feel the consequences in many ways. This is much, much bigger than just another regional conflict.

      Harari makes some excellent points here. Huge funds originally allocated to fighting climate change and the other anthropocene crisis will be diverted to military spending. Climate change, biodiversity, etc will lose. Only the military industrial complex will win.

      Remember that the military industry is unique. It's only purpose is to consume raw materials and capacity in order to destroy. What is the carbon footprint of a bomb or a bullet?

  15. Feb 2022
  16. Jan 2022
  17. Dec 2021
  18. Nov 2021
    1. Recognizing the urgency of addressing complex and interconnected environmental, social and economic challenges for the people and the planet

      tantangan lingkungan, sosial, dan ekonomi UNTUK MANUSIA DAN PLANET >> itu kenapa tidak relevan lagi menolak penerbitan makalah karena hanya membahas kawasan yang spesifik saja. Apapun yang Anda bahas selama itu terkait dengan kehidupan manusia, maka itu akan memiliki dampak global.

    1. What resources are powering our projects and how do we manage those resources? Are we willing to approach our work with a set of values that centers several generations after us? And how do we do that?What protections do we need to fight for in the workplace to hold companies accountable around climate justice goals?How do we measure our impact on the climate crisis?Are we willing to sundown projects if mitigating their negative impact on the environment is impossible or creates little impact?

      great questions

    1. McNamara, L. A., Wiegand, R. E., Burke, R. M., Sharma, A. J., Sheppard, M., Adjemian, J., Ahmad, F. B., Anderson, R. N., Barbour, K. E., Binder, A. M., Dasgupta, S., Dee, D. L., Jones, E. S., Kriss, J. L., Lyons, B. C., McMorrow, M., Payne, D. C., Reses, H. E., Rodgers, L. E., … Schrag, S. J. (2021). Estimating the early impact of the US COVID-19 vaccination programme on COVID-19 cases, emergency department visits, hospital admissions, and deaths among adults aged 65 years and older: An ecological analysis of national surveillance data. The Lancet, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)02226-1

  19. Oct 2021
    1. In the future envisioned here, decentralized networks play the role of governments, municipalities and intentional commons, fostering common goods. It is possible to produce common goods when a big-enough community cooperates to bear the cost of production and its implementation; but this, correspondingly, requires large-scale coordination, and large-scale coordination is generally a very hard problem. In this article we introduce Common Good, a blockchain-based application that solves this problem by enabling the coordination and motivation of different relevant actors for achieving a desired common good, by providing it with a “business model” just as in the profit-seeking sector. Our solution takes inspiration from the Social Impact Bonds (SIB) model.

      A proposal to use decentralized blockchain to make large scale coordination possible.

  20. Sep 2021
  21. Aug 2021
  22. Jul 2021
    1. Claudia: In what ways do you think that being in the U.S. all that time shaped who you are?Yosell: I think the only way I can put it really is just being strong. Because basically you got to learn how to mature in a faster way than you'd probably do it here. I've seen a couple of family members or friends here that are like 30 years old and they're still living with their dad and mom. They're just like not doing anything for their life, and opposed of people out there, most of them that I do know were just living by themselves and doing their thing. I'd say out there it's probably not that good because you’d get, because most of the people would get into some kind of a drug addiction or something like that. I’d say, here, here it'd be probably the same, but out there it'd be easier to make money. Here it's a lot harder. That's probably what's the difference here to there. That's what I'm saying, I think out there you learn how to be strong. When you come here, you're just like, "Oh." most people get depressed or frustrated here. Others actually know how to move on and continue. That's probably how I see it.

      Reflections, The United States; Feelings