1,131 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2019
    1. Aspects of interest:

      • Build a temporary table that filters annotations down to just those matching a domain, and takes just the group ids from those annotations

      • Get the set of unique group ids from that result, and the user counts for each group

      • Show the group ids and counts

    1. Points of interest

      • Shows how to get the length of a column value that is a list of things

      • Shows how to convert the list to a string in order to pattern-match across all tags in the list

      • Shows how to use the || operator to wrap the wildcard characters around a variable

  2. Feb 2019
    1. Artigo 4.–Vixencia, duración e prórroga. Ultraactividade.O presente convenio entrará en vigor o día 1 de Xaneiro do 2016, independentemente da súa publicación no Boletín Oficial da Provincia. Terá unha duración de tres anos, ata o día 31 de decembro do ano 2018. En calquera caso o Convenio manterá a súa vixencia 24 meses máis do que estableza a normativa legal vixente de aplicación.
    1. Artigo 12.–Servicios extraordinarios.O persoal alleo á empresa que realice servicios extraordinarios percibirá as seguintes retribucións durante o ano 2018 PENDENTE DE REVISIÓN CO IPC DE 2018.Persoal de cociña: * Xefe de Cociña: 100,60 euros por servicio. * Cociñeiro: 77,98.Persoal de comedor: * Xefe de comedor: 98,74 euros por servicio. * Camareiro: 77,98. * Axudante: 77,98.Cando o persoal extra realice a faena de montaxe, percibirá por iso a cantidade de 6,04 euros durante o ano 2018 PENDENTE DE REVISIÓN CO IPC DE 2018.O servicio corrente de restaurante ou limoada será retribuído con 2,44 euros de soldo inicial e tanto por cento corres-pondente garantido de 53,38 euros diarios durante o ano 2018 PENDENTE DE REVISIÓN CO IPC DE 2018.Os servicios de esta índole fóra da localidade producirán un aumento do 15% correspondente, e sendo a cargo da empresa os portes de desplazamento, manutención e aloxamento a que houbere lugar
    2. Axudante/a de camareiro1023,06
    3. Camareiro/a1053,761074,84
    4. SECCIÓN 7ª TABERNAS QUE NON SERVEN COMIDAS
    5. Axudante/a de camareiro1140,501103,371076,781163,311125,431098,32
    6. Camareiro/a1165,181119,251090,951188,481141,641112,77
    7. Xefe/a de restaurante ou sala1209,481154,651106,831233,671177,751128,96
    8. Axudante de cociña1062,671053,761053,761083,931074,841074,84
    9. Cociñeiro/a1113,951063,231053,761136,231084,501074,84
    10. 3 TAZAS2 TAZAS1TAZA3 TAZAS2 TAZAS1TAZA
    11. SECCIÓN 5ª CAFETERIA
    12. 1163,451186,72Conductor/a equipo cateringPreparador/a restauración modernaAxudante/a de camareiro
    13. 1207,701231,85Camareiro/a
    14. Xefe/a de restaurante ou sala1251,961277,00
    15. Axudante de cociña1077,711099,26
    16. Axudante de cociña1062,671039,661025,481016,631016,631083,931060,461045,991036,971036,97
    17. Cociñeiro/a1207,701231,85
    18. Xefe/a de cociña1340,411367,22
    19. CATERING
    20. Axudante/a de camareiro1062,671039,661025,481025,481025,481083,931060,461045,991045,991045,99
    21. Camareiro/a1140,501082,311052,071041,381039,661163,311103,961073,111062,211060,46
    22. Xefe/a de restaurante ou sala1224,981115,501076,781051,671051,671249,481137,811098,321072,711072,71
    23. SECCIÓN 3ª RESTAURANTES CASAS DE COMIDAS E TABERNAS QUE SERVEN COMIDAS
    24. LUXOPRIMEIRASEGUNDATERCEIRACUARTA
    25. Xefe/a de cociña1224,981115,761067,961039,661039,661249,481138,071089,321060,461060,46
    26. táboas salariais dos anos 2017 e 2018 (quedando as táboas salariais do ano 2018 pendentes de revisión do IPC)
    27. Cociñeiro/a1113,951064,391027,181023,101023,101136,231085,681047,721043,561043,56
    1. Disposición transitoria única. Reglas de afectación de las nuevas cuantías del salario mínimo interprofesional a las referencias contenidas en normas no estatales y relaciones privadas.

      Estas excepciones, aparecen referidas claramente para contratos de carácter privado, en ningún caso para relaciones laborales, como convenios, a diferencia de las interpretaciones interesadas que proliferan en muchas páginas de análisis económicos y de consumo habitual de empresarios o perfiles conservadores o liberales.

    2. Este real decreto entrará en vigor el día siguiente al de su publicación en el «Boletín Oficial del Estado» y surtirá efectos durante el período comprendido entre el 1 de enero y el 31 de diciembre de 2019, procediendo, en consecuencia, el abono del salario mínimo en el mismo establecido con efectos del 1 de enero de 2019
    3. para los trabajadores eventuales y temporeros y que incluye todos los conceptos retributivos, el salario mínimo de dichos empleados de hogar será de 7,04 euros por hora efectivamente trabajada.
    4. 1. Los trabajadores eventuales y temporeros cuyos servicios a una misma empresa no excedan de ciento veinte días percibirán, conjuntamente con el salario mínimo a que se refiere el artículo 1, la parte proporcional de la retribución de los domingos y festivos, así como de las dos gratificaciones extraordinarias a que, como mínimo, tiene derecho todo trabajador, correspondientes al salario de treinta días en cada una de ellas, sin que la cuantía del salario profesional pueda resultar inferior a 42,62 euros por jornada legal en la actividad.En lo que respecta a la retribución de las vacaciones de los trabajadores a que se refiere este artículo, dichos trabajadores percibirán conjuntamente con el salario mínimo interprofesional fijado en el artículo 1, la parte proporcional de este correspondiente a las vacaciones legales mínimas en los supuestos en que no existiera coincidencia entre el periodo de disfrute de las vacaciones y el tiempo de vigencia del contrato
    5. 1. La revisión del salario mínimo interprofesional establecida en este real decreto no afectará a la estructura ni a la cuantía de los salarios profesionales que viniesen percibiendo los trabajadores cuando tales salarios en su conjunto y en cómputo anual fuesen superiores a dicho salario mínimo.A tales efectos, el salario mínimo en cómputo anual que se tomará como término de comparación será el resultado de adicionar al salario mínimo fijado en el artículo 1 de este real decreto los devengos a que se refiere el artículo 2, sin que en ningún caso pueda considerarse una cuantía anual inferior a 12.600 euros
    6. El salario mínimo para cualesquiera actividades en la agricultura, en la industria y en los servicios, sin distinción de sexo ni edad de los trabajadores, queda fijado en 30 euros/día o 900 euros/mes, según que el salario esté fijado por días o por meses.En el salario mínimo se computa únicamente la retribución en dinero, sin que el salario en especie pueda, en ningún caso, dar lugar a la minoración de la cuantía íntegra en dinero de aquel.Este salario se entiende referido a la jornada legal de trabajo en cada actividad, sin incluir en el caso del salario diario la parte proporcional de los domingos y festivos. Si se realizase jornada inferior se percibirá a prorrata.
    7. En cumplimiento del mandato al Gobierno para fijar anualmente el salario mínimo interprofesional, contenido en el artículo 27.1 del texto refundido de la Ley del Estatuto de los Trabajadores aprobado por el Real Decreto Legislativo 2/2015, de 23 de octubre, se procede mediante este real decreto a establecer las cuantías que deberán regir a partir del 1 de enero de 2019, tanto para los trabajadores fijos como para los eventuales o temporeros, así como para los empleados de hogar.
  3. Jan 2019
    1. Finding your teaching groove after a long stint away from the classroom.

      Advice for how to reenter the classroom after a long absence.

    1. grading final papers

      Grading final papers isn't the best time to provide a lot of qualitative feedback because student's aren't likely to read or use it. Formative feedback should be given early in the term.

    1. check in with your students; extend availabilities to meet; offer feedback, and follow up

      These four actions can do a lot to make students feel seen and connected.

    1. Thoughts on bringing current events into your classroom.

      A conversation between a PhD student and a professor of African American studies about how to discuss current events in difficult times.

    1. creating a “humanities lab”,

      I like this idea of creating a lab for problem-based learning in humanities classes. What other STEM-related practices could humanities borrow?

    1. assignment sheets

      Student success starts with clear expectations and a clear assignment sheet is part of that.

    1. But these tools require we think about their purpose, method, and audience just as carefully as when we design an essay prompt, a problem set, or any other assessment exercise.

      This is an example of when meta-teaching is helpful.

    1. Inevitably, what I find reaffirms aspects of writing pedagogy I’m familiar with while giving me fresh ways to express it to the new audiences with whom I’m working.

      Teaching writing in STEM disciplines is beneficial for the students and the teacher.

    1. On bringing lessons from dissertation writing into your classroom.

      What one PhD student learned about teaching from writing his dissertation.

    1. For graduate teaching assistants, this is the time when we introduce ourselves, lay out our expectations, and, hopefully, establish the tone and level of authority that we want to convey throughout the term.

      Good advice for the first day back to school for anyone looking for new ideas.

    1. semester-long, graded course on pedagogy through my university’s Learning Assistant Program.

      I would like to see the NYU course syllabus to see what pedagogy-related topics they cover.

    1. Regardless of your discipline, there’s a good chance that at some point you will be responsible for teaching or grading writing in some shape or form.

      This is an important point that a lot of people in fields outside of the liberal arts don't realize. Writing happens in all disciplines.

  4. Dec 2018
    1. Un sismo de 7.5 grados de magnitud se registró en el Océano Pacífico, a unos 150 kilómetros de Nueva Caledonia y de Vanuatu,

      Sismos grandes: antier, 20 de diciembre al sureste de Rusia, en el Pacífico al este de Australia el 5 de diciembre, en Alaska en noviembre 30, en Grecia en octubre 25, Indonesia con otro en octubre 1, todo esto en el 2018.

    1. “In sum, the unambiguous terms of License permit FedEx to copy the Materials on behalf of a school district exercising rights under the License and charge that district for that copying at a rate more than FedEx’s cost, in the absence of any claim that the school district is using the Materials for other than a ‘non-Commercial purpose.’ The motion to dismiss is granted.”

      The FedEx Office case offers a clear example to use when talking about the parameters of publishing/printing out BY-NC-SA licensed work. Our school bookstore approached the OER group about providing low cost “books” of CC licensed work. He made it clear he would make no profit off the copies. If they didn’t sell, that was fine. The bookstores are under threat from open licensed materials. What I thought was a lovely ploy to bring students into the bookstore to buy sundries, actually reflects his reality. Printing out CC licensed OER is best done at price that only can cover the price of the book and a small charge for their overhead.

    1. brief history

      I enjoyed learning about open licensing history, the OPL and the OCL, precursors to Creative Commons. I have read other writings of Dr. Wiley and his knew of his involvement with Lumen Learning and CC. I was not surprised to know that he connected the ideals open software and open publishing. I took for granted that a lot of software was open source, I didn’t question the duality between commercial software and the free stuff. Such thinking may mark a turning point for Open, reflecting how the concept of open can co-exists our heads. Things in the Open world seem to be gaining momentum. An example is the price of textbooks has plateaued and even fallen in the US. (bls.gov and fred.stlouisfed.org).

    1. Article providing information on some of the important details of of public domain, it’s legal backing, and the public interest.

      The article addresses how public domain objects returns to copyright when cultural institutions create photographic reproductions. This has the effect of limiting public access to culture. I’m curious if this may be related to local copyright law without Freedom of Panorama (FOP). Freedom of Panorama allows photographs and video of buildings, public art and other public work to be used for commercial purposes. Without it, any image/video of art, architecture and public are may be protected by copyright for a period of time. This map found on Wikipedia’s Freedom of Panorama entry, illustrates that many countries in the EU lack freedom of panorama such as France, Italy and Greece. If the freedom of panorama is given in local copyright, creating an image becomes a derivative work, without it, using it commercially violates copyright. Is a museum considered a public space and subject to FOP restrictions? Tricky. Further research found that this was being addressed by the EU in 2017 with limited success.

    1. We’ve failed: Pirate black open access is trumping green and gold and we must change our approach by Toby Green

      The author argues that the model of green and gold have not worked to further open scholarship and suggests solutions meant to increase revenue in scholarly publishing that supports Open Access. He claims piracy, such as Sci-Hub, and the lack of academic institution blocking access constitutes complicity. It is clear the scholarly model is broken. Access to journals and research is de facto open thus the industry needs to shift its business model.

      There is an additional resource I suggest be added, Paywall the Business of Scholarship documentary. It works as both an introduction to the topic, but also provides resources geared towards advocacy. It directly addresses issues with piracy and equity.

      The inclusion of multiple modes of content delivery is a great way to take advantage of online learning. Students expect to have text and visuals, such as the Open Access Explained video.

    1. Managing a Commons

      Nobel laureate in Economics, Elinor Ostrom’s work concerns the concept of the commons, how successful management is critical and why important to include all stakeholders. Her work addresses how communities manage and govern their commons. Her 8 Principles for Managing a Commons most likely was considered during the creation of Creative Commons. Comparing her principles, you can see how each one translates into CC’s work. The licenses define clear boundaries with the four elements BY, SA, NC and ND. CC has developed a system of monitoring and management carried out by community members. Following these principles, as CC does, keeps the organization responsive to change and working with communities worldwide. I found myself reflecting on how a successful use of the commons can translate to success, but also disappointed to realize bringing people together isn’t easy. This makes the CC an impressive expression of the 8 Concepts working in a real world situation.

  5. Oct 2018
    1. https://screenshots.firefox.com/TjrupUIYRUQ5CEcb/www.onet.pl

      1. Jacek Majchrowski pozwie premiera Morawieckiego? Pozew jest już gotowy. - dotyczy to spraw lokalnych, warto śledzić dalsze poczynania

      2. Ma 92 zarzuty i siedzi w areszcie. W pierwszej turze zdobył 48,47 proc. głosów. - jest to dość ciekawy temat dla osób, które interesują się polityką

      3. Trump zapowiada wycofanie się z układu rozbrojeniowego. Reakcje na świecie. - temat dotyczy prezydenta jednego z najważniejszych państw na świecie, a jego decyzje mogą być odczuwalne przez bardzo długi czas.

  6. Sep 2018
    1. The numbers variable can reference an array of int values. Notice that this statement looks like a regular int variable declaration except for the set of brackets that appears after the key word int. The brackets indicate that this variable is a reference to an int array.

      What differentiates an array variable from a regular variable is the set of brackets i.e []

    2. As with any other type of object, it is possible to declare a reference variable and create an instance of an array with one statement. Here is an example:int[] numbers = new int[6];Arrays of any data type can be declared. The following are all valid array declarations:float[] temperatures = new float[100];char[] letters = new char[41];long[] units = new long[50];double[] sizes = new double[1200]

      The arrays can have any data type e.g. char, string

    1. More information about other open movements

      OER Africa is an OER organization that promotes resources and professional development and is a solid example of OER in the global south.

    2. Free Culture Game by Molle Industria. CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 A game to help understand the concept of free culture http://www.molleindustria.org/en/freeculturegame/

      This should probably not be 3 different bullet points as it is all one resource. Also, quick question, how does this illustrate 'other' open movements as it seems to be about what free culture is.

    3. The Tragedy of the Commons by Boundless & Lumen Learning

      The link to this text is broken. Boundless has gone out of business. I would suggest as a replacement the Wikipedia article on this topic. It is a B-class article and is organized in a logical fashion.

    1. More information about limitations and exceptions to copyright

      The Fair Use Index. This resource tracks judicial decisions to help better understand the types of uses courts have previously determined to be fair—or not fair. Includes a variety of courts. Fair Use is determined by the judicial branch.

    1. Additional Resources

      How are Creative Commons Licenses Designed?. From OER Africa. Great explanation from the global south. Provides basic clear understanding of the design of a license.

    2. Additional Resources

      Licensing or Copyright guidance FAQ from Open Oregon. Great DYI resource that provides practical answers to a lot of questions.

    3. A brief history outlining open content licensing and why the licenses were eventually replaced by the more robust Creative Commons licenses

      Formating, only one bullet needed.

    1. More information about license compatibility

      Fair use and mixing "all rights reserved" with open content. Something that many content creators struggle with. Includes an example statement. http://support.skillscommons.org/faqs/q-if-proprietary-licensed-material-is-being-mixed-with-new-oer-materials-what-licenses-should-be-used/ . Also indirectly helps with understanding traditional versus creative commons (know the license of the works you are planning to remix).

    2. More information about license compatibility

      A tool to help mix licenses: http://www.web2rights.com/creativecommons/ . Helps to automate compatibility questions.

    3. "Are Creative Commons Licenses Overly Permissive? The Case of a Predatory Publisher". This article is a bit alarmist about predatory publishers republishing (incorrectly) cc material. Important to understand real world use cases of cc and how this affects perception of the license by academics.

    1. The Redalyc project. From the global south, this project is a digital library of OA journals. Creative Commons 2.5.

    2. Joseph Esposity "Libraries Face a Future of Open Access" published by [The Scholarly Kitchen](https://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/) on May 23, 2018. Pull quote: "What appears to get lost in discussions of the march of cancelled contracts in Europe is that it is not just publishers that are being disrupted. This is a disruption to the entire ecosystem. When the favor comes due, we may not like the terms, but pay we will."

  7. Aug 2018
    1. Like a phantom limb, you remember who you were as a reader but cannot summon that “attentive ghost” with the joy you once felt in being transported somewhere outside the self.

      I know this feeling. This summer I made it a point to rediscover analog reading. I really had a handle on this for awhile, lost it, then re-engaged with my new tablet hardware, ReMarkable.

  8. Jun 2018
    1. I stamp on your lips my last goodbye!

      It is curious how the author doesn't include his "blonde" until the last verse when it is obvious that his desires wouldn't be complete without her presence until his death.

  9. May 2018
    1. But Theresa May, I think to -- on the heels of the Skripal attack, of the Russian nerve poison on a former agent and for which she garnered considerable international support, riding that wave into this -- and that response was a surprise to her, I think, in many ways, that going into this without getting parliamentary support, which at best would have been ambiguous, given the level of divisiveness and the precariousness of her position in Parliament, meant that she went along with that, without consulting with lawmakers and the backlash has been not just from Jeremy Corbyn or the opposition but also within her party, where there's a lack of consensus on whether or not she should have gone into this with Donald Trump, with French president Emmanuel Macron without greater consultation with the international community.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. So, you are talking about a soggy weekend, five, six, 700 upwards of 800 millimeters of rainfall in some of this regions across the northern tier of the island of Kawai.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    2. The attack in Douma was horrific attack on civilians using chemical weapons part of a Civil War that has killed hundreds of thousands of people.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    3. Again after public outrage grew and the two issues as you say, have come together, one is about the continuing concern about violence against women and people are asking more than five years after that awful rape, gang rape in Delhi in 2012.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. He ordered a military strike on Syrian chemical weapons facilities but then he hesitated and then reversed direction on advice from his most senior advisers on taking sanctions against companies that helped facilitate that deadly chemical weapons infrastructure by Syria.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. Well in everything any time that you're talking about Russia and the relationship between the United States and Russia, it's always in the context of this cloud that's over the president about whether or not he's got some kind of ulterior motive for his policies and looked the combination of James Comey going out there over the last several days saying I don't know if the Russians have something that they are using to blackmail the president, and then the sort of abrupt, like hey, I don't want to do sanctions on Russia, you know, yes, there were some sanctions but he was very much pushed in the direction by Capitol Hill and others.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. $130,000, if that's viewed as a campaign contribution, that is $127,300 above the legal limit.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. It's $131,000.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. This was back in 2013 President Obama looked at that chemical attack, and at that point in time, his general was saying, hey, it's not a slam-dunk, because you can detect there were Syrian claims, you can detect Syrians dropped bombs, but it's sometimes hard to know if they dropped an existing vehicle of weapons, and Syria has been known to use chemical weapons, or if the Syrians did it.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    2. I will do two things, balance the budget, balances over five years with a 1 percent across the board cut, but also expand health savings accounts larger than anyone has tried in the past.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    3. A 1 percent cut each year is about $13 billion, actually balances the budget in five years.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    4. I think when you win by three million votes but lose by less than 80,000 votes in three states that decided the election, there's a lot that should be factors, but I think this was a very significant factor.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. They are originally from bacteria in fungi and they were designed to be much faster, 10 hundred times faster than the original within a period of five to 10 years.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. But I'll tell you, some of these flexes that we're having here, one story I picked up that I've never told before or written, but William Webster, former head of the CIA, told me that -- it's one of his best stories, he's allowing me to tell it -- that they created a body double for George Herbert Walker Bush at CIA, meaning somebody who looked just like him and it was uncanny how much CIA had created a human that looked like 41.

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. Do you -- do you -- do you -- I'm sorry, do you disagree with the $4 million for school safety -- $4 billion for school safety, the $6 billion for opioids

      Hello, fact-checkers! This statement, taken from CNN interviews and discussions, may be worth your scrutiny. It was selected using ClaimBuster, a tool developed in the computer science department at the University of Texas at Arlington.

    1. CredCo Indicator:Inference - Convincing Evidence

      Question:How convincing do you find the evidence given for the primary claim?

      Answer:Fairly Convincing

    2. In a 2014 study, a team led by Claverie revived two viruses that had been trapped in Siberian permafrost for 30,000 years.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:An experimental study was conducted (natural experiments OK)

      Highlight:

      In a 2014 study, a team led by Claverie revived two viruses that had been trapped in Siberian permafrost for 30,000 years.

    3. Two years later, scientists managed to revive an 8-million-year-old bacterium that had been lying dormant in ice, beneath the surface of a glacier in the Beacon and Mullins valleys of Antarctica. In the same study, bacteria were also revived from ice that was over 100,000 years old.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:An experimental study was conducted (natural experiments OK)

      Highlight:

      Two years later, scientists managed to revive an 8-million-year-old bacterium that had been lying dormant in ice, beneath the surface of a glacier in the Beacon and Mullins valleys of Antarctica. In the same study, bacteria were also revived from ice that was over 100,000 years old.

    4. In a 2005 study, NASA scientists successfully revived bacteria that had been encased in a frozen pond in Alaska for 32,000 years. The microbes, called Carnobacterium pleistocenium, had been frozen since the Pleistocene period, when woolly mammoths still roamed the Earth. Once the ice melted, they began swimming around, seemingly unaffected.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:An experimental study was conducted (natural experiments OK)

      Highlight:

      In a 2005 study, NASA scientists successfully revived bacteria that had been encased in a frozen pond in Alaska for 32,000 years. The microbes, called Carnobacterium pleistocenium, had been frozen since the Pleistocene period, when woolly mammoths still roamed the Earth. Once the ice melted, they began swimming around, seemingly unaffected.

    5. For instance, scientists have discovered fragments of RNA from the 1918 Spanish flu virus in corpses buried in mass graves in Alaska's tundra. Smallpox and the bubonic plague are also likely buried in Siberia.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:An experimental study was conducted (natural experiments OK)

      Highlight:

      For instance, scientists have discovered fragments of RNA from the 1918 Spanish flu virus in corpses buried in mass graves in Alaska's tundra. Smallpox and the bubonic plague are also likely buried in Siberia.

    6. For instance, scientists have discovered fragments of RNA from the 1918 Spanish flu virus in corpses buried in mass graves in Alaska's tundra. Smallpox and the bubonic plague are also likely buried in Siberia.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:The correlation appears across multiple independent contexts

      Highlight:

      For instance, scientists have discovered fragments of RNA from the 1918 Spanish flu virus in corpses buried in mass graves in Alaska's tundra. Smallpox and the bubonic plague are also likely buried in Siberia.

    7. In August 2016, in a remote corner of Siberian tundra called the Yamal Peninsula in the Arctic Circle, a 12-year-old boy died and at least twenty people were hospitalised after being infected by anthrax. The theory is that, over 75 years ago, a reindeer infected with anthrax died and its frozen carcass became trapped under a layer of frozen soil, known as permafrost. There it stayed until a heatwave in the summer of 2016, when the permafrost thawed.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:The correlation appears across multiple independent contexts

      Highlight:

      In August 2016, in a remote corner of Siberian tundra called the Yamal Peninsula in the Arctic Circle, a 12-year-old boy died and at least twenty people were hospitalised after being infected by anthrax.

      The theory is that, over 75 years ago, a reindeer infected with anthrax died and its frozen carcass became trapped under a layer of frozen soil, known as permafrost. There it stayed until a heatwave in the summer of 2016, when the permafrost thawed.

    8. Climate change is melting permafrost soils that have been frozen for thousands of years, and as the soils melt they are releasing ancient viruses and bacteria that, having lain dormant, are springing back to life.

      CredCo Indicator:Inference - Type of Claims

      Question:Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:General Causal Claim

      Highlight:

      Climate change is melting permafrost soils that have been frozen for thousands of years, and as the soils melt they are releasing ancient viruses and bacteria that, having lain dormant, are springing back to life.

    9. CredCo Indicator:Tone - Exaggerated Claims

      Question:Does the author exaggerate any claims? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    10. CredCo Indicator:Tone - Emotionally Charged

      Question:Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    11. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Naturalistic

      Question:Does the author suggest that something is good because it is natural, or bad because it is not natural (the naturalistic fallacy)?

      Answer:No

    12. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Appeal to Fear

      Question:Does the author exaggerate the dangers of a situation and use scare tactics to persuade (the appeal to fear fallacy)?

      Answer:No

    13. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Slippery Slope

      Question:Does the author say that one small change will lead to a major change (use a slippery slope argument)? Highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    14. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - False Dilemma

      Question:Does the author present a complicated choice as if it were binary (construct a false dilemma)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    15. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Straw Man

      Question:Does the author present the counterargument as a weaker, more foolish version of the real counterargument (use a Straw Man Argument)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    16. CredCo Indicator:Confidence - Acknowledge Uncertainty

      Question:Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    17. CredCo Indicator:Confidence - Extent Claims Justified

      Question:To what extent does their confidence in their claims seem justified?

      Answer:Somewhat justified

    18. In February 2017, NASA scientists announced that they had found 10-50,000-year-old microbes inside crystals in a Mexican mine.

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Studies

      Question:Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:Scientific Study 4

      Highlight:

      In February 2017, NASA scientists announced that they had found 10-50,000-year-old microbes inside crystals in a Mexican mine.

    19. In a 2014 study, a team led by Claverie revived two viruses that had been trapped in Siberian permafrost for 30,000 years.

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Studies

      Question:Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:Scientific Study 3

      Highlight:

      In a 2014 study, a team led by Claverie revived two viruses that had been trapped in Siberian permafrost for 30,000 years.

    20. In a 2005 study, NASA scientists successfully revived bacteria that had been encased in a frozen pond in Alaska for 32,000 years.

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Studies

      Question:Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:Scientific Study 2

      Highlight:

      In a 2005 study, NASA scientists successfully revived bacteria that had been encased in a frozen pond in Alaska for 32,000 years.

    21. In a project that began in the 1990s, scientists from the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology in Novosibirsk have tested the remains of Stone Age people that had been found in southern Siberia, in the region of Gorny Altai.

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Studies

      Question:Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:Scientific Study 1

      Highlight:

      In a project that began in the 1990s, scientists from the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology in Novosibirsk have tested the remains of Stone Age people that had been found in southern Siberia, in the region of Gorny Altai.

    22. microbiologist Hazel Barton

      CredCo Indicator:Quotes from Outside Experts

      Question:Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:Expert 3

      Highlight:

      microbiologist Hazel Barton

    23. Boris Revich and Marina Podolnaya

      CredCo Indicator:Quotes from Outside Experts

      Question:Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:Expert 2

      Highlight:

      Boris Revich and Marina Podolnaya

    24. evolutionary biologist Jean-Michel Claverie

      CredCo Indicator:Quotes from Outside Experts

      Question:Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:Expert 1

      Highlight:

      evolutionary biologist Jean-Michel Claverie

    25. Question:Which of the following types of sources are cited in the article? Check all that apply. If Other, please highlight.

      Answer:Studies

    26. Question:Which of the following types of sources are cited in the article? Check all that apply. If Other, please highlight.

      Answer:Experts

    27. CredCo Indicator:Single Study Article

      Question:Is this article primarily about a single scientific study?

      Answer:No

    28. diseases hidden in ice,

      CredCo Indicator:Clickbait Title

      Question:What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:Inducing fear (“Is Your Boyfriend Cheating on You?”)

      Highlight:

      diseases hidden in ice,

    29. CredCo Indicator:Clickbait Title

      Question:Is the headline clickbaity?

      Answer:Somewhat clickbaity

    30. CredCo Indicator:Title Representativeness

      Question:Question: Does the title of the article accurately reflect the content of the article?

      Answer:Somewhat Representative

    31. Question:Rate your impression of the credibility of this article

      Answer:Somewhat high credibility

    1. CredCo Indicator:Inference - Convincing Evidence

      Question:How convincing do you find the evidence given for the primary claim?

      Answer:Moderately Convincing

    2. When read carefully, the CDC acknowledges that studies finding any perceived reduction in death rates may be due to the healthy-user effect- the tendency for healthier people to be vaccinated more than less-healthy people.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:Correlation

      Highlight:

      When read carefully, the CDC acknowledges that studies finding any perceived reduction in death rates may be due to the healthy-user effect- the tendency for healthier people to be vaccinated more than less-healthy people.

    3. One study found that those who get the vaccine for three to five years increase their risk of Alzheimer's disease 10-fold.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:An experimental study was conducted (natural experiments OK)

      Highlight:

      One study found that those who get the vaccine for three to five years increase their risk of Alzheimer's disease 10-fold.

    4. A study released in February found that the flu shot was only 9 percent effective in protecting seniors against the 2012-2013 season's most virulent influenza bug...

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:An experimental study was conducted (natural experiments OK)

      Highlight:

      A study released in February found that the flu shot was only 9 percent effective in protecting seniors against the 2012-2013 season's most virulent influenza bug...

    5. randomized, controlled trials of healthy adults found that vaccinating between 33 and 100 people resulted in one less case of influenza...In

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:An experimental study was conducted (natural experiments OK)

      Highlight:

      randomized, controlled trials of healthy adults found that vaccinating between 33 and 100 people resulted in one less case of influenza...In

    6. The only randomized trial of influenza vaccine in older people found no decrease in deaths...

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:An experimental study was conducted (natural experiments OK)

      Highlight:

      The only randomized trial of influenza vaccine in older people found no decrease in deaths...

    7. what's in the vaccines--especially those from 2015 and after--might actually be more damaging then simply rolling the dice on getting the flu.

      CredCo Indicator:Inference - Type of Claims

      Question:Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:General Causal Claim

      Highlight:

      what's in the vaccines--especially those from 2015 and after--might actually be more damaging then simply rolling the dice on getting the flu.

    8. Not only is the vaccine not safe, it doesn't even work...The vaccine is completely worthless, and the government knows it...There

      CredCo Indicator:Tone - Exaggerated Claims

      Question:Does the author exaggerate any claims? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      Not only is the vaccine not safe, it doesn't even work...The vaccine is completely worthless, and the government knows it...There

    9. CredCo Indicator:Tone - Emotionally Charged

      Question:Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    10. they know it contains a dose of mercury that is toxic to the brain...They

      CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Naturalistic

      Question:Does the author suggest that something is good because it is natural, or bad because it is not natural (the naturalistic fallacy)?

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      they know it contains a dose of mercury that is toxic to the brain...They

    11. Not only is the vaccine not safe, it doesn't even

      CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Appeal to Fear

      Question:Does the author exaggerate the dangers of a situation and use scare tactics to persuade (the appeal to fear fallacy)?

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      Not only is the vaccine not safe, it doesn't even

    12. work...The vaccine is completely worthless, and the government knows it...There

      CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Appeal to Fear

      Question:Does the author exaggerate the dangers of a situation and use scare tactics to persuade (the appeal to fear fallacy)?

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      work...The vaccine is completely worthless, and the government knows it...There

    13. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Slippery Slope

      Question:Does the author say that one small change will lead to a major change (use a slippery slope argument)? Highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    14. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - False Dilemma

      Question:Does the author present a complicated choice as if it were binary (construct a false dilemma)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    15. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Straw Man

      Question:Does the author present the counterargument as a weaker, more foolish version of the real counterargument (use a Straw Man Argument)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    16. While it may be a contested subject,

      CredCo Indicator:Confidence - Acknowledge Uncertainty

      Question:Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      While it may be a contested subject,

    17. CredCo Indicator:Confidence - Extent Claims Justified

      Question:To what extent does their confidence in their claims seem justified?

      Answer:Somewhat justified

    18. A study released in February found that the flu shot was only 9 percent effective in protecting seniors against the 2012-2013 season's most virulent influenza bug...

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Studies

      Question:Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:Scientific Study 4

      Highlight:

      A study released in February found that the flu shot was only 9 percent effective in protecting seniors against the 2012-2013 season's most virulent influenza bug...

    19. Yet a study by the Cochrane group studied hundreds of thousands of people and found it offered zero protection for those three things in the general community.

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Studies

      Question:Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:Scientific Study 3

      Highlight:

      Yet a study by the Cochrane group studied hundreds of thousands of people and found it offered zero protection for those three things in the general community.

    20. (In) an Australian study (it was) found (that) one in every 110 children under the age of five had convulsions following vaccinations in 2009 for H1N1 influenza.

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Studies

      Question:Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:Scientific Study 2

      Highlight:

      (In) an Australian study (it was) found (that) one in every 110 children under the age of five had convulsions following vaccinations in 2009 for H1N1 influenza.

    21. randomized, controlled trials of healthy adults found that vaccinating between 33 and 100 people resulted in one less case of influenza...In

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Studies

      Question:Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:Scientific Study 1

      Highlight:

      randomized, controlled trials of healthy adults found that vaccinating between 33 and 100 people resulted in one less case of influenza...In

    22. Dr. Russell Blaylock,

      CredCo Indicator:Quotes from Outside Experts

      Question:Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:Expert 2

      Highlight:

      Dr. Russell Blaylock,

    23. Peter Doshi's

      CredCo Indicator:Quotes from Outside Experts

      Question:Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:Expert 1

      Highlight:

      Peter Doshi's

    24. Question:Which of the following types of sources are cited in the article? Check all that apply. If Other, please highlight.

      Answer:Studies

    25. Question:Which of the following types of sources are cited in the article? Check all that apply. If Other, please highlight.

      Answer:Experts

    26. CredCo Indicator:Single Study Article

      Question:Is this article primarily about a single scientific study?

      Answer:No

    27. releases shocking report

      CredCo Indicator:Clickbait Title

      Question:What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:Provoking emotions, such as shock or surprise (“...Shocking Result”, “...Leave You in Tears”)

      Highlight:

      releases shocking report

    28. CredCo Indicator:Clickbait Title

      Question:Is the headline clickbaity?

      Answer:Somewhat clickbaity

    29. CredCo Indicator:Title Representativeness

      Question:Question: Does the title of the article accurately reflect the content of the article?

      Answer:Somewhat Representative

    30. Question:Rate your impression of the credibility of this article

      Answer:Medium credibility

    1. CredCo Indicator:Inference - Convincing Evidence

      Question:How convincing do you find the evidence given for the primary claim?

      Answer:Moderately Convincing

    2. When we consume simple carbohydrates such as sugar, blood sugar rises rapidly. In response, your pancreas secretes insulin whose primary purpose is to drive sugar into each cell where it is stored for energy. If the cell is full and does not need glucose, it is rejected to avoid extra sugar gumming up the works.

      Question:What kind of evidence do they give?

      Answer:A cause-and-effect chain of biological events is provided.

      Highlight:

      When we consume simple carbohydrates such as sugar, blood sugar rises rapidly. In response, your pancreas secretes insulin whose primary purpose is to drive sugar into each cell where it is stored for energy. If the cell is full and does not need glucose, it is rejected to avoid extra sugar gumming up the works.

    3. Blood sugar is controlled in a very narrow range. Extra sugar molecules attach to a variety of proteins that in turn injure the blood vessel wall. This repeated injury to the blood vessel wall sets off inflammation. When you spike your blood sugar level several times a day, every day, it is exactly like taking sandpaper to the inside of your delicate blood vessels.

      Question:What kind of evidence do they give?

      Answer:A cause-and-effect chain of biological events is provided.

      Highlight:

      Blood sugar is controlled in a very narrow range. Extra sugar molecules attach to a variety of proteins that in turn injure the blood vessel wall. This repeated injury to the blood vessel wall sets off inflammation. When you spike your blood sugar level several times a day, every day, it is exactly like taking sandpaper to the inside of your delicate blood vessels.

    4. Blood sugar is controlled in a very narrow range. Extra sugar molecules attach to a variety of proteins that in turn injure the blood vessel wall. This repeated injury to the blood vessel wall sets off inflammation. When you spike your blood sugar level several times a day, every day, it is exactly like taking sandpaper to the inside of your delicate blood vessels.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:Other kind of evidence

      Highlight:

      Blood sugar is controlled in a very narrow range. Extra sugar molecules attach to a variety of proteins that in turn injure the blood vessel wall. This repeated injury to the blood vessel wall sets off inflammation. When you spike your blood sugar level several times a day, every day, it is exactly like taking sandpaper to the inside of your delicate blood vessels.

    5. When we consume simple carbohydrates such as sugar, blood sugar rises rapidly. In response, your pancreas secretes insulin whose primary purpose is to drive sugar into each cell where it is stored for energy. If the cell is full and does not need glucose, it is rejected to avoid extra sugar gumming up the works.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:Other kind of evidence

      Highlight:

      When we consume simple carbohydrates such as sugar, blood sugar rises rapidly. In response, your pancreas secretes insulin whose primary purpose is to drive sugar into each cell where it is stored for energy. If the cell is full and does not need glucose, it is rejected to avoid extra sugar gumming up the works.

    6. The injury and inflammation in our blood vessels is caused by the low fat diet recommended for years by mainstream medicine.

      CredCo Indicator:Inference - Type of Claims

      Question:Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:General Causal Claim

      Highlight:

      The injury and inflammation in our blood vessels is caused by the low fat diet recommended for years by mainstream medicine.

    7. CredCo Indicator:Tone - Exaggerated Claims

      Question:Does the author exaggerate any claims? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    8. Let me repeat that: The injury and inflammation in our blood vessels is caused by the low fat diet recommended for years by mainstream medicine.

      CredCo Indicator:Tone - Emotionally Charged

      Question:Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      Let me repeat that: The injury and inflammation in our blood vessels is caused by the low fat diet recommended for years by mainstream medicine.

    9. The process that began with a sweet roll turns into a vicious cycle over time that creates heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and finally, Alzheimer’s disease, as the inflammatory process continues unabated.

      CredCo Indicator:Tone - Emotionally Charged

      Question:Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      The process that began with a sweet roll turns into a vicious cycle over time that creates heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and finally, Alzheimer’s disease, as the inflammatory process continues unabated.

    10. The ratio of imbalance ranges from 15:1 to as high as 30:1 in favor of omega-6. That’s a tremendous amount of cytokines causing inflammation. In today’s food environment, a 3:1 ratio would be optimal and healthy.

      CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Naturalistic

      Question:Does the author suggest that something is good because it is natural, or bad because it is not natural (the naturalistic fallacy)?

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      The ratio of imbalance ranges from 15:1 to as high as 30:1 in favor of omega-6. That’s a tremendous amount of cytokines causing inflammation. In today’s food environment, a 3:1 ratio would be optimal and healthy.

    11. There is but one answer to quieting inflammation, and that is returning to foods closer to their natural state.

      CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Naturalistic

      Question:Does the author suggest that something is good because it is natural, or bad because it is not natural (the naturalistic fallacy)?

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      There is but one answer to quieting inflammation, and that is returning to foods closer to their natural state.

    12. While we savor the tantalizing taste of a sweet roll, our bodies respond alarmingly as if a foreign invader arrived declaring war.

      CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Appeal to Fear

      Question:Does the author exaggerate the dangers of a situation and use scare tactics to persuade (the appeal to fear fallacy)?

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      While we savor the tantalizing taste of a sweet roll, our bodies respond alarmingly as if a foreign invader arrived declaring war.

    13. By eliminating inflammatory foods and adding essential nutrients from fresh unprocessed food, you will reverse years of damage in your arteries and throughout your body from consuming the typical American diet.

      CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Slippery Slope

      Question:Does the author say that one small change will lead to a major change (use a slippery slope argument)? Highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      By eliminating inflammatory foods and adding essential nutrients from fresh unprocessed food, you will reverse years of damage in your arteries and throughout your body from consuming the typical American diet.

    14. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - False Dilemma

      Question:Does the author present a complicated choice as if it were binary (construct a false dilemma)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    15. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Straw Man

      Question:Does the author present the counterargument as a weaker, more foolish version of the real counterargument (use a Straw Man Argument)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    16. CredCo Indicator:Confidence - Acknowledge Uncertainty

      Question:Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    17. CredCo Indicator:Confidence - Extent Claims Justified

      Question:To what extent does their confidence in their claims seem justified?

      Answer:Slightly justified

    18. American Heart Association

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Organizations

      Question:Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:Cited Organization 1

      Highlight:

      American Heart Association

    19. heart surgeon with 25 years experience, having performed over 5,000 open-heart surgeries,

      CredCo Indicator:Quotes from Outside Experts

      Question:Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:Expert 1

      Highlight:

      heart surgeon with 25 years experience, having performed over 5,000 open-heart surgeries,

    20. Question:Which of the following types of sources are cited in the article? Check all that apply. If Other, please highlight.

      Answer:Organizations

    21. Question:Which of the following types of sources are cited in the article? Check all that apply. If Other, please highlight.

      Answer:Experts

    22. CredCo Indicator:Single Study Article

      Question:Is this article primarily about a single scientific study?

      Answer:No

    23. What Really Causes Heart Disease

      CredCo Indicator:Clickbait Title

      Question:What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:Hidden secret or trick (“Fitness Companies Hate Him...”, “Experts are Dying to Know Their Secret”)

      Highlight:

      What Really Causes Heart Disease

    24. CredCo Indicator:Clickbait Title

      Question:Is the headline clickbaity?

      Answer:A little bit clickbaity

    25. CredCo Indicator:Title Representativeness

      Question:Question: Does the title of the article accurately reflect the content of the article?

      Answer:Completely Representative

    26. Question:Rate your impression of the credibility of this article

      Answer:Medium credibility

    1. CredCo Indicator:Inference - Convincing Evidence

      Question:How convincing do you find the evidence given for the primary claim?

      Answer:Fairly Convincing

    2. Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:No evidence given

    3. CredCo Indicator:Inference - Type of Claims

      Question:Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:No Causal Claim

    4. CredCo Indicator:Tone - Exaggerated Claims

      Question:Does the author exaggerate any claims? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    5. CredCo Indicator:Tone - Emotionally Charged

      Question:Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    6. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Naturalistic

      Question:Does the author suggest that something is good because it is natural, or bad because it is not natural (the naturalistic fallacy)?

      Answer:No

    7. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Appeal to Fear

      Question:Does the author exaggerate the dangers of a situation and use scare tactics to persuade (the appeal to fear fallacy)?

      Answer:No

    8. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Slippery Slope

      Question:Does the author say that one small change will lead to a major change (use a slippery slope argument)? Highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    9. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - False Dilemma

      Question:Does the author present a complicated choice as if it were binary (construct a false dilemma)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    10. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Straw Man

      Question:Does the author present the counterargument as a weaker, more foolish version of the real counterargument (use a Straw Man Argument)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    11. CredCo Indicator:Confidence - Acknowledge Uncertainty

      Question:Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    12. CredCo Indicator:Confidence - Extent Claims Justified

      Question:To what extent does their confidence in their claims seem justified?

      Answer:Mostly justified

    13. Raw Story,

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Organizations

      Question:Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:Cited Organization 2

      Highlight:

      Raw Story,

    14. Huffington Post

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Organizations

      Question:Highlight each organization cited:

      Answer:Cited Organization 1

      Highlight:

      Huffington Post

    15. Physicians for Reproductive Health advocacy fellow Dr. Diane Horvath-Cosper

      CredCo Indicator:Quotes from Outside Experts

      Question:Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:Expert 1

      Highlight:

      Physicians for Reproductive Health advocacy fellow Dr. Diane Horvath-Cosper

    16. Question:Which of the following types of sources are cited in the article? Check all that apply. If Other, please highlight.

      Answer:Organizations

    17. Question:Which of the following types of sources are cited in the article? Check all that apply. If Other, please highlight.

      Answer:Experts

    18. CredCo Indicator:Single Study Article

      Question:Is this article primarily about a single scientific study?

      Answer:No

    19. sexual assault could be considered a pre-existing condition

      CredCo Indicator:Clickbait Title

      Question:What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:Cliffhanger to a story (“You Won’t Believe What Happens Next”, “Man Divorces His Wife After Overhearing This Conversation”)

      Highlight:

      sexual assault could be considered a pre-existing condition