310 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2019
  2. Oct 2018
  3. www.whitehouse.gov www.whitehouse.gov
    1. applying for a benefit or loan, receiving a service such as healthcare or small business counseling, requesting a document such as a passport or social security card, complying with a rule or regulation such as filing taxes or declaring goods, utilizing resources such as a park or historical site, or seeking information such as public health or consumer protection notices.

      yes, this is a list of public services.

      Is there a canonical list to link to?

    2. various stages of maturit

      is this tracked anywhere?

    3. High-Impact Service Provider

      link to HISPS

  4. Aug 2017
    1. If we want fault tolerance, we implement supervisors to restart processes in the correct hierarchy and with the appropriate strategy.
    1. Long-lived continuous processing systems are a prime target for this language because it has fault tolerance built in from the ground up.

      like an Organization

    2. coding concerns are secondary to the process design
    3. process-oriented programming can be defined as a paradigm in which the process structure and communication between processes of a system are the primary concerns
    1. We avoid committees making decisions because that would slow us down, and diffuse responsibility and accountability.
    2. Just because a few people abuse freedom doesn’t mean that our employees are not worthy of great trust.
    3. We model ourselves on being a team, not a family. A family is about unconditional love, despite your siblings’ unusual behavior. A dream team is about pushing yourself to be the best teammate you can be, caring intensely about your teammates, and knowing that you may not be on the team forever.
    1. I’m not angry at you as an individual, but at a system of injustice.
  5. Jul 2017
    1. Two institutions at present control our children's lives - television and schooling, in that order.
    2. our society is disintegrating, and in such a society, the only successful people are self-reliant, confident, and individualistic - because the community life which protects the dependent and the weak is dead.
    3. Although teachers do care and do work very hard, the institution is psychopathic - it has no conscience.
    4. The truth is that schools don't really teach anything except how to obey orders.
    5. I've noticed a fascinating phenomenon in my twenty-five years of teaching - that schools and schooling are increasingly irrelevant to the great enterprises of the planet.
    1. A writer who explains technical terms can multiply her readership a thousandfold at the cost of a handful of characters, the literary equivalent of picking up hundred-dollar bills on the sidewalk." "Readers will also thank a writer for the copious use of for example, as in, and such as, because an explanation without an example is little better than no explanation at all."
    2. The curse of knowledge is the single best explanation I know of why good people write bad prose
    1. Creating a viable Tile interface often needs just as much complexity as the underlying software itself, which breaks the central tenant of hands-off, zero-knowledge-required platform promises21.
    1. So what are the right chunks for the composition of programs? Their surface area has to increase slower than their volume. (I like this analogy because of the intuition that the surface area of a geometric object grows with the square of its size — slower than the volume, which grows with the cube of its size.)
  6. May 2017
    1. where I’m going with this: It’s not scripted. And when you have something that’s not scripted, your opponents break down, because it’s different every single time.”
    1. a tax plan

      Simplify the tax code.

      Evolve public accounting/finance into a more real-time, open, and interactive public service. Transaction-level financial data should be available internally and externally.

      Participatory budgeting and other forms of public input should be well-factored into the public-planning process. 21st century government participation can be simplified and enriched at the same time.

    2. closing loopholes

      which loopholes?

      • this sounds like a good thing
    1. Legislating is a very human experience in which trust and mutual respect play critical roles. But 1986 proved that when both are present, big things can get done.
    2. loopholes proliferated, and the tax code grew more complex

      correlated? causative?

      complexity in law, leads to more logic to parse and process - therefore more potential ambiguity in human-processing.

      does software engineering practices about code complexity (or lack thereof) have fruitful applications here?

    1. We should make spending transparent, publish a detailed account of what the money is being spent on and answer any reasonable questions asking for more details.
    1. Next time you go back and forth with someone over a controversial issue online, stick to facts with good sources, and engage in open dialogue. Most importantly, be nice. You may end up being a small part of the process whereby information chaos becomes knowledge.
    1. When A has a thought, by conceiving that there may be something other-than-itself, it creates a space between A and B. As this process is repeated, a universe may come into being.
    2. existence itself is based on the idea of duality, or opposites
    1. It almost goes without saying that neither term can bring out all the nuances that Heidegger has in mind.
    2. When theologians on occasion cite the beauty of atomic physics or the subtleties of quantum mechanics as evidence for the existence of God, they have, Heidegger says, placed God “into the realm of the orderable.” God becomes technologized.
    3. we have become almost incapable of experiencing this nearness, let alone understanding it, because all things increasingly present themselves to us as technological: we see them and treat them as what Heidegger calls a “standing reserve,” supplies in a storeroom, as it were, pieces of inventory to be ordered and conscripted, assembled and disassembled, set up and set aside. Everything approaches us merely as a source of energy or as something we must organize.
    4. nearness does not consist in a small amount of distance
    5. science flattens the richness of ordinary concern
    6. We cannot construct meaningful distance and direction, or understand the opportunities for action, from science’s neutral, mathematical understanding of space and time.

      we can't?

    7. Phenomenology, for Heidegger, is a method that tries to let things show themselves in their own way, and not see them in advance through a technical or theoretical lens.
    8. Heidegger draws attention to technology’s place in bringing about our decline by constricting our experience of things as they are.
    1. The perfect combination is to have one or more sustainable core projects that feel within reach and are also full of personal meaning, reflecting what matters to you in life.
    2. You are especially likely to be happier if your personal projects feel attainable.
    1. each of you knows different things, and the probabilities are representations of your respective states of knowledge
  7. Apr 2017
    1. The future of the web will depend just as much on that sort of stewardship in the future as it does on new technology fixes.
    2. “I think people have looked at the last 12 months and said actually there’s evidence that the web has been more of a purveyor of untruth than of truth because of the way the adverting revenue model encourages people to put things online which will be clicked on.”
    1. “It doesn’t really matter if either of these new magnets proves useful in the future,” said Curtarolo. “The ability to rapidly predict their existence is a major coup and will be invaluable to materials scientists moving forward.”
    1. It works like concrete shoes, they fit perfectly but they slow you down and are very hard to change for another pair, and forget about reshaping them without breaking them.
    1. Lidelöw also explained how the strict systems and processes of Lindbäcks have helped to enable them to become one of Sweden’s leaders in industrialised construction of multi-unit buildings. Key points included keeping to a very specific, repeatable platform, minimising variables and ensuring a high level of prefabrication
  8. Mar 2017
    1. The experiential fiction acclimatizes you to the future in advance.
    2. no more harmful than playing a video game

      but harmful.

    3. Cottam continues, “While creating a high fidelity image of the future may broaden people's imagination for what's possible, it can also really narrow their perception of what's possible or what their options are.”
    4. Design fiction is created by a loose confederation of agencies, artists, engineers, and designers who are shaping our expectations of technology and society in decades to come by showing us what that incipient world might look like
    1. Codification is the belief that all processes should be written as code, stored, and versioned.

      ALL processes.

      I interpret that to include organizational workflow, or people-code, in addition to computer-code.

    2. The simple, modular, composable approach allows us to build products at a higher level of abstraction. Rather than solving the holistic problem, we break it down into constituent parts, and solve those.
    3. As technologies evolve and better tooling emerges, the ideal workflow is just updated to leverage those technologies. Technologies change, end goals stay the same.
    1. In fact, Government has a mechanism - known as G-Cloud - where departments could compete with the outside market to provide common components to others.
    1. build up a portfolio of maps from different parts of the organisation and start to challenge this duplication and bias by sharing
  9. Feb 2017
    1. In the end, it all comes down to people and values. We need to shape a future that works for all of us by putting people first and empowering them. In its most pessimistic, dehumanized form, the Fourth Industrial Revolution may indeed have the potential to “robotize” humanity and thus to deprive us of our heart and soul. But as a complement to the best parts of human nature—creativity, empathy, stewardship—it can also lift humanity into a new collective and moral consciousness based on a shared sense of destiny. It is incumbent on us all to make sure the latter prevails.
  10. Jan 2017
    1. mix phoenix.new splurty ../splurty

      this errors because phoenix.new doesn't exist

      it has been split out.

      install it with mix archive.install https://github.com/phoenixframework/archives/raw/master/phoenix_new.ez

    2. git checkout v0.8.0

      currently at v1.2.0

    1. Finally Gibbs’ algebra has a parity problem, the cross product is not preserved under reflection, and thus it introduces a chirality to its model of reality even where there is no chirality in the entity being modeled.

      a misstep?

    2. the real and imaginary dimensions operate by different rules. Multiplication of real numbers scales their magnitudes in or out from the origin. But multiplication of the imaginary component performs a rotation, it is a multiplication that goes round and round instead of in and out. I don’t know if anyone ever pointed it out to you, but this is VERY STRANGE!

      what's up with this?

  11. www.njleg.state.nj.us www.njleg.state.nj.us
    1. P.L.1963, c.73 (C.47:1A-1 et seq.)

      reference

    2. Administrative Procedure Act,” P.L.1968, c.410 (C.52:14B-1 et seq.)

      reference, link

    3. supplementing Title 52 of the Revised Statutes

      precedence

    4. Nothing in this act shall be deemed to supersede P.L.1963, c.73 (C.47:1A-1 et seq.)

      declaration of precedence

    5. easily navigable Internet website

      a bit too prescriptive

  12. Jun 2016
    1. High levels of trust are correlated with many positive social outcomes including greater civic engagement, lower crime rates, and economic growth.
  13. Apr 2016
    1. There is nothing that plays worse in our culture than seeming to be the stodgy defender of old ideas, no matter how true those ideas may be.
    2. The idea of comparative advantage -- with its implication that trade between two nations normally raises the real incomes of both
    3. It is crucial, when trying to communicate Ricardo's idea to a broader audience, to stop and try to put yourself in the position of someone who does not know economics. Arguments must be built from the ground up -- don't assume that people understand why it is reasonable to assume constant employment, or a self-correcting trade balance, or even that similar workers tend to be paid similar wages in different industries.
    4. I am concerned with here are the views of intellectuals, people who do value ideas, but somehow find this particular idea impossible to grasp
    5. At the deepest level, opposition to comparative advantage -- like opposition to the theory of evolution -- reflects the aversion of many intellectuals to an essentially mathematical way of understanding the world
    6. According to Ricardo, each nation should specialize in those activities in which it excels, so that it can have the greatest advantage relative to other countries. Thus, a nation should narrow its focus of activity, abandoning certain industries and developing those in which it has the largest comparative advantage. As a result, international trade would grow as nations export their surpluses and import the products that they no longer manufacture, efficiency and productivity would increase in line with economies of scale and prosperity would be enhanced.
    7. In fact, one never teaches the Ricardian model without emphasizing precisely the way that model refutes the claim that competition from low-wage countries is necessarily a bad thing, that it shows how trade can be mutually beneficial regardless of differences in wage rates.
    8. Old ideas are viewed as boring, even if few people have heard of them; new ideas, even if they are probably wrong and not terribly important, are far more attractive.
    9. In the modern world, again, the channels involve less Invisible Hand and more government intervention: when monetary policies target the unemployment rate, exchange rates do the adjusting.
    10. In sum, while the concept of comparative advantage may seem utterly simple to economists, in order to achieve that simplicity one must invoke a number of principles and useful simplifying assumptions that seem natural and reasonable only to someone familiar with economic analysis in general. ("What do you mean, objects fall at the same rate regardless of how heavy they are -- if I drop a cannonball and a feather ... you're assuming away air resistance? Why would you do that?") Those principles and simplifying assumptions are indeed reasonable, but they are not obvious.
    11. he suggested to me that in future I would do well to explain why models are sometimes useful and why they usually are not
    12. one realizes that they have in common an aversion to or ignorance of modeling
    13. there is a new trend among people who don't like conventional economics, toward what is sometimes called "bionomics". The manifestos of groups like the Bionomics Institute claim that they are developing a new science of economics that abandons the mechanistic approach of the existing field in favor of a model based on ecology and evolution. (Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich is reported to be among those who find bionomics appealing). The irony is that neoclassical economics, with its emphasis on modeling the interactions of self-interested individuals, is no more mechanistic than neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory -- in fact, the theories are very similar to one another, down to the details of the models and the curves on the diagrams.
    14. Do not presume, as I did, that people accept and understand the idea that models facilitate understanding.
    15. if you can get the point across, you have also taught an object lesson in why economists who think in terms of models have an advantage over people who do economics by catch-phrase)
    1. agile’s branches will continue to spread to improve innovation processes in nearly every function of every industry.
    1. I’m not so tech-oriented. For me, it’s a tool. I want to be a driver; I don’t want to be a mechanic.  I never had any issue with Loomio.
    1. The challenge is that frameworks can be hard to create. They result from a mysterious dance between discovery and intention.
    2. Sometimes you impose a framework on information. Sometimes you just let the framework emerge organically after months or years of immersion in a topic. Often it’s a combination of these two methods.

      divergence, and convergence, and emergence. but you must start somewhere.

    1. Everything is movable—including the walls
    2. “We designed every desk, chair, wall, workstation, and table so it can be moved by no more than two [hypothetical] people who are each five feet tall and weigh 80 pounds.”
    3. if a given layout isn’t working well for the people using it, they can change it quickly
    1. “I write entirely to find out what I’m thinking, what I’m looking at, what I see, and what it means.”
    2. the most important thing to know about a ritual is that it’s your ritual
    3. I write those essays for myself
    4. David McCullough once said, “Writing is thinking. To write well is to think clearly. That’s why it is so hard.”
    5. researchers discovered that suppressing these negative feelings is a heavy burden, and writing it out, not for publication but for oneself, is like a balm to chapped lips.
    1. Microsoft’s suit, unlike Apple’s fight with the Federal Bureau of Investigation over access to a locked iPhone, is not attached to a single case. Instead, it is intended to challenge the legal process regarding secrecy orders.
    1. The conceptual framework we seek must orient us toward the real possibilities and problems associated with using modern technology to give direct aid to an individual in comprehending complex situations, isolating the significant factors, and solving problems. To gain this orientation, we examine how individuals achieve their present level of effectiveness, and expect that this examination will reveal possibilities for improvement.

      this sounds like a solid foundation for User Experience, in general

    2. Every person who does his thinking with symbolized concepts

      What alternatives are there to thinking with symbolized concepts?

    1. In reality, regardless of what you say, people will remember how you act, first and foremost.
    1. Mencius advocated thinking not in terms of making decisions but of setting trajectories in motion.
    2. a breadth of experiences and perspectives helps break them out of their pathways and see new connections and opportunities everywhere
    3. Train your mind to stay open and constantly take into account all the complex stuff that is you.
    4. Concrete, defined plans for life are abstract because they are made for a self who is abstract: a future self that you imagine based on a snapshot of yourself now. You are confined to what is in the best interests of the person you happen to be right now—not of the person you will become.
    1. "In one fell swoop, a network has been created that likely has a greater level of access to science than any individual university, or even government for that matter, anywhere in the world. Sci-Hub represents the sum of countless different universities' institutional access - literally a world of knowledge."
  14. Mar 2016
    1. although modular forms have been studied for centuries, mathematicians are still unlocking the deep secrets hidden inside their coefficients
    2. “It seems to me much more likely than not that this function is also part of some richer story.”
    1. Although more nuanced than a blanket silencing, the study still concluded that “knowing one’s online activities are subject to government interception and believing these surveillance practices are necessary for national security play important roles in influencing conformist behavior.”
    1. one has to understand how the large-scale limits of networks work
    2. ny realistic observer has to exist within our universe. So if the universe is a network, the observer must be just some part of that network.
    1. The bank transforms itself from an agent of debt to a catalyst for distribution and circulation. Like money in a digital age, it becomes less a thing of value in itself than a way of fostering the value creation and exchange of others.
    1. Until the system changes, Ms. Elbakyan said she would continue to distribute journal articles to whoever wants them. Paraphrasing part of the United Nations Charter, she said, “Everyone has the right to freely share in scientific advancement and its benefits.”
    1. “there is no reason why there is such a bright line between public and private markets, we should have one market where the more a company discloses, the more liquid their security becomes”
    1. "While smartness is necessary for competent elites," Hayes retorts, "it is far from sufficient: wisdom, judgment, empathy, and ethical rigor are all as important, even if those traits are far less valued."
    1. “this sort of attention to the social dimension is important in any industry where systemic change is happening.”
    2. he’s transparent about the rationale behind his decisions. As he explains, “it’s a great investment in minimizing suspicion and defensiveness later on.”
    3. helping colleagues feel capable of handling matters on their own “is one of the greatest gifts you can give someone,” providing a great boost to their resilience and confidence.
    1. one stance that’s not acceptable, as far as I’m concerned is that of disengagement, of deciding that you’re powerless and remaining that way.
    2. I challenge you to find ways you can make change through code, through markets, through norms, through becoming a fierce and engaged monitor of the institutions we have and that we’ll build.
    3. equality is not equity, and that’s an important distinction to understand for anyone working on social change.
    4. What’s interesting – and disturbing – is that Americans are losing faith not just in government, but in a wider set of institutions of public life.
    1. The more circumspectly you delay writing down an idea, the more maturely developed it will be on surrendering itself.
    1. this means that the most important factor determining success is the user experience: the best distributors/aggregators/market-makers win by providing the best experience, which earns them the most consumers/users, which attracts the most suppliers, which enhances the user experience in a virtuous cycle.
    2. there is no one dominant force when it comes to the dispersal of political information
    3. thanks to the Internet reality of zero distribution costs and zero transaction costs, an aggregator can scale nearly perfectly to effectively every user on Earth
    4. The end result of this process is that newspapers have been modularized and commoditized into effective Facebook-filler
    5. Reaching & persuading even a fraction of the electorate used to be so daunting that only two national orgs could do it. Now dozens can (link). This set up the current catastrophe for the parties.
    1. the universe's main glorious purpose: the creation of pockets where information does not dwindle, but grows

      the definition of life?

    2. The large evolution of human thought requires mediated interactions, and the future of thinking machines will also happen at the interface where humans connect with humans through objects.

      +100

    3. For human-machine systems to think, humans need to eat and regurgitate each other's mental vomit, which sometimes takes the form of words. But since words vanish in the wind, our species' enormous ability to think hinges on more sophisticated techniques to communicate and preserve the information that we generate: our ability to encode information in matter.
    4. Our ability to think is not only borrowed. It also hinges on the use and abuse of mediated interactions.
    5. we can only understand our ability to think, and the ability of machines to mimic thought, by considering how the ability of a unit to process information relates to its context.
    1. specs aren’t bad. Bad specs are bad. If you create documentation that people actually use to build the product and understand why certain decisions were made, how can you argue that it’s not useful? So my advice is, don’t stop writing specs. Just start writing really good ones.
    2. Don’t think of the different sections that make up a spec as above the law, think of them as an a la carte menu that you can pick and choose from based on the needs of the project.
    3. The best way to write a spec is to add information to it as it becomes available. Add the customer journey map as soon as you have it. Add sketches as soon as you move into the prototyping phase. This reinforces that idea that it’s a living document that is open to collaboration, and it also breaks up the workload so that it doesn’t feel like a huge effort to create the spec.
    4. Anyone in the organization should be able to access the specs at any time, and team members should be able to ask questions and contribute to the spec.
    5. we have to remember that documentation isn’t bad. Bad documentation is bad.
    6. I’ll admit that the majority of specification documents are bad. Meaning they are long, they are boring, they are done just to check a box to say they were done, they are written once and never updated, and most importantly, they don’t get used during development.
    1. when you overwork people, debugging time doubles and a late project becomes later. Splendid karma.
    2. Each point on the chart is one completed task, with the estimate and actual times for that task. When you divide estimate by actual, you get velocity: how fast the task was done relative to estimate.
    1. “You might feel dumb asking questions, but you look dumber when you don’t get it because you failed to ask.”
    1. a new generation of designers has emerged, concerned with designing strategies to subvert this “natural default-setting” in which each person understands themselves at the center of the world.
    2. It's the automatic, unconscious way that I experience the boring, frustrating, crowded parts of adult life when I'm operating on the automatic, unconscious belief that I am the center of the world and that my immediate needs and feelings are what should determine the world's priorities.”
    3. This is design as an activity that doesn’t place the designer or the user in the center.
      • which is what I'd expect in a true system.

      "center" is implicitly tied to context or perspective

    4. Ontology is the philosophical study of existence. Object-oriented ontology (“OOO” for short) puts things at the center of this study
    5. the essential role for its designer was to create a context for participation
    6. it was the realization of the long unfulfilled promise of Le Corbusier’s claims of a technologically informed architecture and the ‘machine for living’.
    7. But we are no longer just using computers. We are using computers to use the world.
    8. For users, this is what it means to be at the center: to be unaware of anything outside it. User-Centric Design means obscuring more than it surfaces.
    9. This is the Amazon move: absolute obfuscation of labor and logistics behind a friendly buy button.
    10. where Joe and Josephine had anatomy, users have behavior, intention, desire
    11. moves the center from the designer’s imagination of the system to the designer’s imagination of the user of the system.
    1. itwill feel like you could have done more. Could have and should have. This is part of art.There is always discontent.
    2. It is important not to be afraid of failing.
    3. The great playwright David Mamet, before he lost his mind, he pointed out that if youwant to be an actor you are better off starting your own theater company, and staging yourown productions, evenif it means performing in your own living room in front of your friendswho are crowded around in folding chairs and crouched on the floor. It may not be perfect,but it is better than sitting alone by a phone that doesn't ring. You get roles.You gainexperience. You have the opportunity to get better. You get time in the studio, and for anartist that is the key.
    1. “We accepted that the most economical explanation was that it really is a black-hole pair.”

      Economics of explanation (and/or understanding)

  15. Feb 2016
    1. So that's giant reason number one to write a spec. Giant reason number two is to save time communicating. When you write a spec, you only have to communicate how the program is supposed to work once. Everybody on the team can just read the spec. The QA people read it so that they know how the program is supposed to work and they know what to test for. The marketing people use it to write their vague vaporware white papers to throw up on the web site about products that haven't been created yet. The business development people misread it to spin weird fantasies about how the product will cure baldness and warts and stuff, but it gets investors, so that's OK. The developers read it so that they know what code to write. The customers read it to make sure the developers are building a product that they would want to pay for. The technical writers read it and write a nice manual (that gets lost or thrown away, but that's a different story). The managers read it so that they can look like they know what's going on in management meetings. And so on.
    2. when you design your product in a human language, it only takes a few minutes to try thinking about several possibilities, revising, and improving your design
    3. The most important function of a spec is to design the program. Even if you are working on code all by yourself, and you write a spec solely for your own benefit, the act of writing the spec -- describing how the program works in minute detail -- will force you to actually design the program.
    1. tests run should become the heartbeat of the system as well as a means totrack progress of the development. This also gives a level of confidence to the teamwhen new features are added.

      +100

    2. We intend to collect future data from all these projects and continuebuild an empirical body of knowledge in this field.

      I'm curious to know what this looks like at scale.

    3. “When software is being developed, a person makes an error that results in a physicalfault (or defect) in a software element. When this element is executed, traversal of thefault or defect may put the element (or system) into an erroneous state. When thiserroneous state results in an externally visible anomaly, we say that a failure hasoccurred”(IEEE1988).
    4. to guarantee thatall unit tests would be run by all members of the team, an automated build and test systemswas set up
    5. We definecomplete testingas ensuring that the public interfaces and semantics of eachmethod (the behavior of the method as defined by the specification) were tested
    1. MIT Press eBooks employ digital rights management (DRM). We recognize this is not a popular option for some, but as a not-for-profit publisher, we are mindful of the risks posed by piracy, and take certain steps to protect our content. When downloading your eBook, the format will show up as an Adobe Content Server Manager file (.ascm). This format is just the file “wrapper" that provides digital rights management for both MIT Press PDF and EPUB files. So while the file says .ascm, be assured that whichever file format you chose to download will be available.

      =(

      I respectfully wish that you reconsider this stance on DRM, as well as the poor implementation with Adobe Reader.

    1. she'll also have time to consider the irony of losing her job for keeping a project focused on transparency a secret
    1. One of the fundamental insights of game theory is that agents must keep secrets. An agent who reveals “state” to another agent has lost some valuable autonomy and is in danger of being manipulated.
    2. A biological perspective helps us see that transparency is a mixed blessing. Animals, even plants, can be seen to be agents with agendas.
    3. Small groups of people with shared values, beliefs and goals — particularly those who can coordinate quickly in a crisis using ad hoc channels of internal communication — will be best at the kind of fast, open, responsive communication the new transparency demands.
    4. Old habits must be rewired, or else the organization will fail.
    5. When these organizations suddenly find themselves exposed to daylight, they quickly discover that they can no longer rely on old methods; they must respond to the new transparency or go extinct.
    6. The tremendous change in our world triggered by this media inundation can be summed up in a word: transparency.
    7. This intense pace of innovation gives organizations no time to adapt to one medium before the arrival of the next.
    8. perception and action evolved together in an arms race
    9. animal life was confined to the oceans, and as soon as the daylight flooded in, eyesight became the best trick in the sea. As eyes rapidly evolved, so did the behaviors and equipment that responded to them.
    10. organisms developed strikingly new body shapes, new organs, and new predation strategies and defenses against them
    1. Push state down from global to local. Make it as local as possible.
    2. As programs get bigger, we can't help but lose track of what's happening in a program.
    1. The MVC concepts are a little abstract, it's true, but it's an incredibly common pattern. It is literally all around you.
    2. Skinnability cuts to the very heart of the MVC pattern. If your app isn't "skinnable", that means you've probably gotten your model's chocolate in your view's peanut butter, quite by accident. You should refactor your code so that only the controller is responsible for poking the model data through the relatively static templates represented by the view.
    1. a tiny application that simply lets people send out 140 characters to each other. The economic activity it has generated is nothing short of miraculous.
    1. it’s about gaining a clearer picture of the way humans have lived, and learning lessons from our past so we don’t repeat them in the future
    2. ‘I’m a mid-troposphere, multi-spectral, high-resolution, ancient landscape imagery analyst,’” she says. “And the room just fell asleep. I don’t care anymore. I’m a space archaeologist, yes I’m a landscape archaeologist, yes I’m an Egyptologist, yes I’m an anthropologist. We all have all these hats.” But her mission is bigger than her job title. “I want to get the world excited about archaeology,”
    1. I believe that all nonprofits can build new systems of investment and support and new economies based on local knowledge and exchange by sharing proven tools and mechanisms for addressing community challenges. In other words, by creating a sharing economy that actually shares.
    2. Share governance. One of the most important critiques of the for-profit sharing economy is that the businesses at the forefront of the trend are most often not owned by the people who are running them. They are built on a model that relies on sharing or exchange, but the businesses themselves don’t share their profits.
    1. A better way to make products is to make them with people, not for people. Products need to be built on empathy, backwards and emergent from the community.
    2. They’re gambling big while they should be making small bets.
    3. Radical openness makes something truly magic happens: learning and humility become inseparable.