1. Last 7 days
    1. use the first form to stream over the data

      { 2.7, 2.7}
      { 2.3, 2.7, 4.0, 4.0 }
      { 2.3, 4.0, 4.0, 4.0 }


    2. maintaining B running aggregates, one for each resample

      { 0, 0, 2, 0 }  # Counts for Resample 0
      { 0, 1, 1, 2 }  # Counts for Resample 1
      { 0, 1, 0, 3 }  # Counts for Resample 2

    3. { 0, 0, 0 }

      B=3, value 1.1 appears 0 times in all 3 resamples

    4. { 0, 0, 2, 0 }

      column 1 from above resampled value

    5. limn→∞Binomial(n,1n)=Poisson(1)


    1. Over the past 25 years the pace of progress in neuroscience research has been extraordinary, with advances in both understanding and technology. We might expect that this would stimulate improved understanding and treatment of mental health problems, yet in general this has not been the case. In fact, our standard treatment approaches have barely changed in decades, and still fail many people suffering from mental distress.

      Lack of translation of neuroscience advances to clinical care in mental illness.

    1. So as app growth sputters to a halt, businesses are panicking.

      所以 Chris Mesina 在這裡把 app 跟 bot 連起來。

    1. Gehringer, Charlie (L) (2B, IF) (Age: 34)(.371 AVG, .458 OBP, 14 HR, 4 SP)DeleteMoveKlein, Chuck (L) (OF, OF) (Age: 26)(.386 AVG, .436 OBP, 40 HR, 4 SP)DeleteMoveSimmons, Al (R) (OF, OF) (Age: 28)(.381 AVG, .423 OBP, 36 HR, 7 SP)

      keep this as is to get one of these hitters--put more pitchers between Blanton and Dickey

    1. InboxNone

      Alan Trammell is a possible free-agency signee--give Boudreau another 2-3 games

    1. Henry Jekyll’s Statement of the Case

      Instead of Dr. Jekyll being written in the Chapter title like in Chapter 3, the author chose to write Henry Jekyll. Does this represent Jekyll's descent from true medicine?

    2. Men have before hired bravos to transact their crimes, while their own person and reputation sat under shelter. I was the first that ever did so for his pleasures. I was the first that could thus plod in the public eye with a load of genial respectability, and in a moment, like a schoolboy, strip off these lendings and spring headlong into the sea of liberty. But for me, in my impenetrable mantle, the safety was complete. Think of it—I did not even exist! Let me but escape into my laboratory door, give me but a second or two to mix and swallow the draught that I had always standing ready; and whatever he had done, Edward Hyde would pass away like the stain of breath upon a mirror; and there in his stead, quietly at home, trimming the midnight lamp in his study, a man who could afford to laugh at suspicion, would be Henry Jekyll.

      Using his new potion for his own prosperity, happiness, monetary gain, etc.

    3. That night I had come to the fatal cross-roads. Had I approached my discovery in a more noble spirit, had I risked the experiment while under the empire of generous or pious aspirations, all must have been otherwise, and from these agonies of death and birth, I had come forth an angel instead of a fiend. The drug had no discriminating action; it was neither diabolical nor divine; it but shook the doors of the prison-house of my disposition; and like the captives of Philippi, that which stood within ran forth. At that time my virtue slumbered; my evil, kept awake by ambition, was alert and swift to seize the occasion; and the thing that was projected was Edward Hyde. Hence, although I had now two characters as well as two appearances, one was wholly evil, and the other was still the old Henry Jekyll, that incongruous compound of whose reformation and improvement I had already learned to despair. The movement was thus wholly toward the worse.

      His intentions were not evil, the potion was not evil or making him act evil, it was himself and his desires to prove that he was not a failure in science. Mr. Hyde was the living embodiment of his sentiments towards people and how he feels about himself. People had tossed aside his ideas and research for years and he was viewed as a failure. Being an unaccomplished scientist for so long and being so old made Jekyll extremely angry. With his new discovery and potion, he would be able to show everyone that he is not a failure.

    4. It seemed natural and human. In my eyes it bore a livelier image of the spirit, it seemed more express and single, than the imperfect and divided countenance I had been hitherto accustomed to call mine. And in so far I was doubtless right. I have observed that when I wore the semblance of Edward Hyde, none could come near to me at first without a visible misgiving of the flesh. This, as I take it, was because all human beings, as we meet them, are commingled out of good and evil: and Edward Hyde, alone in the ranks of mankind, was pure evil.

      These are his first observations of being Mr. Hyde. He is able to recognize that it is not himself that he sees and his mind is trapped inside this new body that he can control. Over time this would not be the case and Dr. Jekyll will not be able to control himself while he is Mr. Hyde.

    5. It seemed natural and human. In my eyes it bore a livelier image of the spirit, it seemed more express and single, than the imperfect and divided countenance I had been hitherto accustomed to call mine.

      The ugly truth is that everyone has a dark side, even if it is hidden deep down within us. We may not want to admit it, but certain aspects of evil are natural human qualities.

    6. delighted me like wine.

      This simile suggests that the evil qualities of mankind can be incredibly tempting and intoxicating.

    1. do you always need to address the "so what?" and "who cares?" questions? As a rule, ye

      Going off of what Leah said here, this may be true for most persuasive, analytical, and informative writing. Perhaps not in the case of, say, fiction, in which case, if the author is explicitly trying to teach the reader a lesson, the reader is likely to sense it and resent the author for being pedantic.


      Here again, these templates are appropriate in that they offer examples of how to establish the relevance and usefulness of one's claims. The reader, when they are in the role of writer, can then can use the basic structure of these templates when building their own arguments.

    3. Researchers trying to decipher the btology of fat cells hope tO find new ways to help people get nd of excess fat or, at least, prevent obesity from destroying thetr health. In an increasingly obese world, their efforts have taken on added 1mportance.

      Method: this example shows the reader what it looks like when a writer clearly establishes the relevance and usefulness of their ideas.


      Method: templates are useful, tools because they save the reader the work of re-inventing the wheel. Instead, they give the reader a basic model of a wheel and say, "now make it your own." In this case, the templates are appropriate because they show the reader what it looks like to indicate in their writing who should care.

    5. Writing in the New York T1mes, :;he cxpl<tins some of the lcltesr research inro fat cells.

      Method: Graff uses an example of writing that offers "a clear claim" and that also frames the claim "as a response to what someone else said." This method is both valid and appropriate because it shows the reader exactly what Graff wants to see from more writing and speaking.

    6. Whcre<lS "who cares?" liter-ally asks you to identify a person or group who cmcs about your claims, "so what?" asks about the recll·w(>rld applic.-mnns and con-sequences of rhnse claims

      If our research question is "what methods or strategies can writers employ to communicate up-front why their arguments matter?", this statement points to a question of "what do these methods and strategies actually require the writer to do?"

    7. the problem is that the speakers don't address the crucial question of why their arguments tnatter.

      I agree with Leah: this statement tells readers the likely reason for why students may feel like outsiders after a lecture, or why audience members may feel like we don't know what to do with what they've learned at a talk--which is that the speaker hasn't told their audience how their arguments and ideas fit into the audience's experience, or what their audience should do with the information they've learned. This sentence clues the reader in to the idea that this essay will teach them how to make it clear why their arguments matter.

    8. Bllt writers who f<til to sbow that mhers should cMc or already do care about rhc1r claim:; will ulrimntelv lose their audiences' interest.

      This is meta in that it tells the reader why they, when they are in the role of writer, should care about making it clear who should care, and why, about their claims.

  2. journals.sagepub.com.elibrary.jcu.edu.au journals.sagepub.com.elibrary.jcu.edu.au
    1. Control and authority are central to hegemonic masculinity (Johnson 2005). They are evident in the position of breadwinning as a defining ele-ment of successful manhood and fatherhood (Randles 2013).

      A perfect male dominance example. Male dominance is slowly but surely decreasing in the world and it seems the male need to dominate the house, financial side and decisions of the family is brought upon my multiple years of gender roles and community's believing the male is the most logical breadwinner.

    1. nnotations are visible only to you when logged in


    1. Contrary to Trump’s threat of fire and fury, Bannon said: “There’s no military solution [to North Korea’s nuclear threats], forget it. Until somebody solves the part of the equation that shows me that ten million people in Seoul don’t die in the first 30 minutes from conventional weapons, I don’t know what you’re talking about, there’s no military solution here, they got us.”

      Sane words from Steve Bannon on North Korea.

    1. Experience pedagogy appropriate to the session; and Have the opportunity to actively apply the session content to their career.

      We have to revisit the institute outcomes—this is pretty bland. But this will require broader discussion in another context.

    2. They

      Replace with "Institutes".

    3. nuanced teaching and learning issues that are particular to their fields and/or disciplines

      replace with "broad questions of what motivates their career choices, how the different aspects of their careers are connected, and how they can demonstrate their achievement of career successes."

    1. New Faculty Orientation

      If one clicks on this link, the page that opens has the link list on the left closed.

    1. Appreciatin

      Do we have a style guide for bullet points? For example, when do we end them with commas, when with periods? When do we capitalize them, when not?

    2. faculty roles

      This is the first portion of the text that can be highlighted and copied. I wonder if this interferes with screenreaders? Is the previous text part of the image?

    1. Al principio, cuando le di un vistaso por encima a la lista de los 20 cursos por Google, no pense que era mucho y no me interso tanto. Pero me di la oportunidad de navegar dentro de la descripcion de cada curso y si resulta de gran interes y sobre todo son sumamente utiles, como dice esta pagina, para anadirlos en un CV dependiendo de los estudios de cada persona.

      En mi caso, aprovecharia mucho los cursos de Diseno y Desarrollo Web por el simple hecho de que algun dia desarrollare mi propia compania y al tener estos conocimineots basicos e intermedios podria crear mi propia pagina en vez de tener que pagarle a otra persona.

      Son cursos sumamente utiles!!!!!!!

    1. .

      Works Cited:

      McKay, Claude, and William J. Maxwell. Complete Poems. University of Illinois Press, 2008.

      Shane Kligerman

    2. Wind

      Wind poems have a longstanding tradition in history, from Shakespeare and Percy Shelley, to one of McKay's favorite African American sonnet writers, Paul Laurence Dunbar. McKay was known to have read all of the aforementioned poets (pp. xiii and xxxv).

      Including "Subway Wind", McKay's use of the word "wind" can be found in twelve poems in the Harlem Shadows collection. See - "To One Coming North", "Wild May", "Morning Joy", "Winter in the Country", "To Winter", "Spring in New Hampshire", "The Night Fire", "Poetry", "The Snow Fairy", "Tormented", and "Jasmines" for other references.

      Six poems of the twelve contain negative connotations of wind:

      "Subway Wind" - "weary wind" and "captive wind"

      "To One Coming North" - "wind-worried void is chilly, raw"

      "Morning Joy" - "the cold wind moaning"

      "The Night Fire" - "the wind in frenzy moans"

      "Poetry" - "Windways, will sweep me into utter night. / For oh, I fear they will be swallowed up —"

      "Tormented" - "The wild wind howling, darkly mad without"

    3. Trades

      The “Trades”, also known as “the trade winds”, were patterns of wind that directed European imperial trade routes across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas, dispersing populations of dust and people from Africa to the Caribbean Sea. The northeast trade winds blow from Northeast Africa and stretch to and past the Caribbean, cooling the shores of Jamaica. See - MAP

      The precise direction of these winds spanning across the Caribbean region and not reaching as far north as New York suggest McKay is specifically talking about his native Jamaica. During the slave trade of the 1400s, European vessels used the trade winds to transport slaves to the West Indies, as part of the route termed the Middle Passage.

    4. gray grey* train

      While subway trains in New York came in many different colors, here McKay may be referencing to Standard Lo-V,#Low-Voltage_.28Low-V.29) a train privately operated by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) that was gray in color and operational in New York during his years there. An example of the color and hue can be seen in this picture. The train is occasionally brought out of retirement from the New York Transit Museum. The IRT operated (pp. 186) all the way from City Hall to 145th Street and Broadway.

    5. palm trees

      The three most common palm trees (pp. 4-10) indigenous to Jamaica are the coconut palm, royal palm and silver thatch palm. While all three of the aforementioned trees bloom white flowers, McKay's use of lofty likely refers to either the coconut or royal palm, as those two grow considerably taller (up to 80 feet) than the silver thatch (up to 30 feet).

    6. native schooners

      (n.) A small sea-going fore-and-aft rigged vessel, originally with only two masts, but now often with three or four masts and carrying one or more topsails.

      Schooners mostly transported passengers or cargo, and it was not uncommon for trade routes to encompass New York to Jamaica (pp 134) and vice versa.

    7. seek the upper door To give their summer jackets to the breeze

      Early 1900 subway trains donned dual-paned windows. The top windows, or "upper doors", could be opened.

      "To give their summer jackets to the wind" refers to an act by subway riders who would hang their jackets or other articles of clothing out of the "upper door" as a gesture of waving goodbye to loved ones, or simply for jovial pleasure (similar to this vintage photo of children waving their handkerchiefs out the window of their train in Chicago, ca. 1902).

    8. pale-cheeked children

      "The original Standard Lo-V IRT line ran from City Hall in lower Manhattan to Grand Central Terminal in midtown, and then heading west along 42nd Street to Times Square, the line finished by zipping north, all the way to 145th Street and Broadway in Harlem." (History.com) See - MAP 1 and MAP 2

      Because McKay lived in Harlem (pp. 41) and worked at Penn Station (pp. XI) from 1914-1919, it is likely he frequented the subway on 125th street (via the Interborough Rapid Transit line, or IRT) to get to work. The train rides to and from work would have presented opportunities for McKay to come across “pale-cheeked children”, a reference to Caucasians.

      Prior to 1910, Harlem was heavily populated by white people. It wasn't until the Harlem Renaissance movement began that the African American population began to increase. In 1910, blacks made up 9.89% of Central Harlem's population. By 1920, they made up 32.43% of Central Harlem's population. This rapid influx of the African American population created a racially mixed subway ride.

    1. And now, you who have so long been bound to the most narrow and material views, you who have denied the virtue of transcendental medicine, you who have derided your superiors— behold!” He put the glass to his lips and drank at one gulp. A cry followed; he reeled, staggered, clutched at the table and held on, staring with injected eyes, gasping with open mouth; and as I looked there came, I thought, a change—he seemed to swell— his face became suddenly black and the features seemed to melt and alter—and the next moment, I had sprung to my feet and leaped back against the wall, my arm raised to shield me from that prodigy, my mind submerged in terror. “O God!” I screamed, and “O God!” again and again; for there before my eyes—pale and shaken, and half-fainting, and groping before him with his hands, like a man restored from death— there stood Henry Jekyll!

      Dr. Jekyll created this potion to show everyone that his research will progress medicine and mankind. He believes his creation is a medical breakthrough and should make people believe in him rather than God. This however is not a medical breakthrough. Rather it is a potion that creates a mirror image of you, only pure evil. If this were to become a common potion in society then there would be no society at all. This would only cause mass destruction and death because everyone would just be doing evil and terrible things constantly.

    2. But I have gone too far in the way of inexplicable services to pause before I see the end.”

      Dr. Lanyon's curiosity is too strong to turn his back on the strange meeting now.

    3. I loaded an old revolver, that I might be found in some posture of self-defence.

      Lanyon is so concerned about Jekyll's mental health that he fears for his own safety while in the presence of the doctor.

    1. “These are all very strange circumstances,” said Mr. Utterson, “but I think I begin to see daylight. Your master, Poole, is plainly seized with one of those maladies that both torture and deform the sufferer; hence, for aught I know, the alteration of his voice; hence the mask and the avoidance of his friends; hence his eagerness to find this drug, by means of which the poor soul retains some hope of ultimate recovery—God grant that he be not deceived!

      This is a clear drug addiction, but it is a little more than that. Dr. Jekyll seems to be addicted to the primal instincts and less human behavior. He feels empowered and different when he is Hyde. When he is Hyde he can do what he wants and since people already hate him, he doesn't have to worry about other people; only himself.

    1. “Utterson, I swear to God,” cried the doctor, “I swear to God I will never set eyes on him again. I bind my honour to you that I am done with him in this world. It is all at an end. And indeed he does not want my help; you do not know him as I do; he is safe, he is quite safe; mark my words, he will never more be heard of.”

      Dr. Jekyll is unable to control himself and has physically and mentally become distraught and weakened. Dr. Jekyll has finally seen what Mr. Hyde is capable of and now wants to be rid of Mr. Hyde since it could end up with both of them being killed. This could be where Dr. Jekyll finally came up with an antidote to his addiction and can now suppress his urge to become Mr. Hyde. This antidote might not last long.

    1. To create an assignment in Canvas, either navigate to the Assignments tab or the Modules tab. To create an Assignment from the Assignments tab, you can click either of the buttons pictured below:

      Suggest indenting. Just a suggestion.

    1. Cueillez dès aujourd’hui les roses de la vie.

      Écoutez le commentaire du Professeur:


      Faites l'exercise:

      PLACEHOLDER Jan 2 - 7

      Passez à la page suivante de la lecture interactive

    2. les ombres myrteux

      Écoutez le commentaire du Professeur: Brueghel l'Ancien, Énée et la Sybille aux enfers (1600) Audio Continuez la lecture et cliquez sur le fragment suivant, marqué en jaune

    3. Bénissant

      Vérifiez les différents usages de ce verbe dans le


      PLACEHOLDER Jan 2 - 5

      Continuez la lecture et cliquez sur le fragment suivant, marqué en jaune

    4. Qui

      PLACEHOLDER Jan 2 - 4

      Continuez la lecture et cliquez sur le fragment suivant, marqué en vert

    5. dévidant et filant

      Continuez la lecture et cliquez sur le fragment suivant, marqué en vert

    1. Cueillez dès aujourd’hui les roses de la vie.

      Écoutez le commentaire du Professeur:


      Faites l'exercise:

      PLACEHOLDER Jan 2 - 7

      Passez à la page suivante de la lecture interactive

    1. “Well, but since we have touched upon this business, and for the last time I hope,” continued the doctor, “there is one point I should like you to understand. I have really a very great interest in poor Hyde. I know you have seen him; he told me so; and I fear he was rude. But, I do sincerely take a great, a very great interest in that young man; and if I am taken away, Utterson, I wish you to promise me that you will bear with him and get his rights for him.

      Clearly something mischievous is going on here. It is already evident that Dr. Jekyll might not be who he seems and that he relies on his drugs to turn into Mr. Hyde to give him happiness. Why would Mr. Hyde need rights though? Isn't he already a property owner and a resident of London? If he isn't couldn't Dr. Jekyll put in his will to ask for Mr. Hyde to be given rights as a human (if that's what he means)?

    1. “But it is more than ten years since Henry Jekyll became too fanciful for me. He began to go wrong, wrong in mind; and though of course I continue to take an interest in him for old sake’s sake, as they say, I see and I have seen devilish little of the man. Such unscientific balderdash,

      From this description, it is evident that Dr. Jekyll is a very dedicated and focused mind. He relentlessly has pursued his ideas and hypotheses with the utmost diligence. However, his research seems to be "unscientific" and possibly blasphemous. Since this is the era where science and religion started to clash, people could have cast out his ideas and research simply on it being against God and Christianity. With Dr. Jekyll's lifework being tossed aside this could have been the catalyst for him going "wrong in the mind."

    1. There is something wrong with his appearance; something displeasing, something downright detestable. I never saw a man I so disliked, and yet I scarce know why.

      Mr. Hyde causes people to hate him just by looking at him or being near him. Everyone can feel and see that something is off about him. Mr. Hyde outcasts himself because he knows people feel this way about him, yet he doesn't really seem to care about how people think of him. He just chooses to be solitary.

    2. “I feel very strongly about putting questions; it partakes too much of the style of the day of judgment. You start a question, and it’s like starting a stone. You sit quietly on the top of a hill; and away the stone goes, starting others; and presently some bland old bird (the last you would have thought of) is knocked on the head in his own back-garden and the family have to change their name. No, sir, I make it a rule of mine: the more it looks like Queer Street, the less I ask.”

      Questions only cause problems in Mr. Enfield's mind. He feels that if you start to wonder about things that look odd, you might find yourself in a situation you don't want to be in.

    3. We told the man we could and would make such a scandal out of this, as should make his name stink from one end of London to the other. If he had any friends or any credit, we undertook that he should lose them.

      Besmirching the name of a man in this era seems to be a more drastic measure in hurting someone. These people did not dare to fight him or try to get him arrested. They were all so quick to judge that the man was trying to hurt the girl that they forgot to even ask what he was doing.

    1. ISBN: 143026022X Publication Date: 2014-03-19

      remove from highlight

    1. 1. Click the Account button in the Global Navigation Bar.

      Try indenting the images. When they are displayed like this, it looks like there is a white space break between the two navigation bars.

    1. You can also contact us via phone at 817-735-0439 for John McKenzie (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. or 817-735-5442 for Bryan Hauf (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..

      Maybe we remove our contact information from here so people contact canvas?

    1. In addition to listing Course Learning Objectives, you will want to include Module Learning Objectives near the beginning of each module. Now that we have introduced the course itself, it's time to really begin Module 1. Below, you can find the learning objectives that will be met in this first module of Introduction to Teaching with Canvas 1.

      Just FYI, this font color is a bit difficult to read at this size. Would it be possible to darken the Introduction sections?

    1. What’s more, they seem to be enjoying the island’s many comforts: although they’re generally considered to be forest-dwelling bats, their squeaks have been detected near the ocean, over the island’s famed sandplain grasslands, and even on the golf course driving range.

      Bats on Martha's Vinyard.

    1. Combining new transportation methods that encourage the principles of a healthy life style with traditional roads can raise land values, attract investment and activate the urban environment. The social revolution that Bazalgette offered London in the 19th Century, Cycle Space might just bring to London and our world’s cities in the 21st.

      I agree with the author that the healthy lifestyle and transportation methods could bring a new wave of development, allowing to march towards a superior lifestyle where the health is not compromised for city's development.

    2. Active transportation routes and linear parks, on the other hand, regenerate their surroundings, bringing activity and value to blighted sections of the city.

      Promoting a sustainable city whilst focusing on transportation routes would enable in significant overall development of the region.

    3. It envisioned a 1km stretch of dual carriageway between Salford University and Manchester city centre as a 4-lane linear Park. One lane is grassed, another a water channel, another sand and the last a running track. Commuters leave their cars in a multi-storey Car (P)Ark. The interchange also incorporates a suburban train station, cycle docking station, stables, and a boathouse and changing rooms. From the Car (P)Ark commuters head east into Manchester walking, jogging, cycling, rollerblading, horse riding, swimming or rowing. The Park terminates at a Suit Park where commuters can shower, change and get a coffee. (The word “suit” refers to the business suit). Eight hours later, on their way home, commuters deposit their clothes and return through the Park, to the interchange to collect their car or catch a train. The scheme could be extended to each of the radial routes into Manchester and at intervals these Parks could link, completing a comprehensive green commuter infrastructure. Save this picture!

      This is a great plan

    4. At the time, “Park + Jog” was treated as a curiosity; we still describe it as a “ utopian scheme.” But nowadays, it seems less and less fanciful.

      The present generation has become super busy and lazy that they rarely get time to jog. The park+cycling scheme could bring their curiosity back with respect to exercising.

    5. Disused railway lines are being harnessed as leisure trails, and in some cases these were working well for commuters too.

      I believe the space in the city is effectually utilised with this strategy.

    6. Recently I took four weeks out of the office to cycle from Chicago to New York and to visit cities along the way. My 1,300 mile trip was part of a group expedition called P2P that went from Portland, Oregon to Portland Place in London (read more about it on portlandtoportland.org). The objective was to report back to the UK and London in particular on American city-cycling culture and the political initiatives that are emerging in the US.

      The cycling schemes of the USA are highly effective and if such schemes are adopted by all nations globally, the world would become a healthy place to live in.

    7. I believe that cycling might just be the catalyst for a 21st Century urban renaissance.

      Certainly, the booming cycling trend could be effective for the future generations.

    8. This monumental feat of engineering offers us the best precedent for the impact the bicycle might have on London or any city for that matter.

      Groningen is a pertinent example to show how engineering could play a vital role in adaptiong cycling culture in todays fast-paced life. (https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2015/jul/29/how-groningen-invented-a-cycling-template-for-cities-all-over-the-world)

    9. Of course, the creation of these green networks need not be at the expense of the motorist.

      In my opinion, the cars are equally important for travelling and we could not completely depend on cycles to cover long routes. Therefore, it is vital that these green networks are not created at the expense of the motorist.

    10. What is striking about these parks is the positive impact they can have on their surrounding neighbourhoods, particularly when one considers the alternative.

      Definitely, these parks could change the design of the cities, making it more sustainable.

    11. Imagine that the Boris Bike docking stations outside railway stations and in key public spaces might incorporate general cycle parking. Thus the Cycle City would bring with it a new building type – the multistory cycle park. Fietsenstalling, a multistorey cycle park outside Amsterdam’s Centraal rail station, with its Escher-like pattern of steel decks that suspend over the canal, is a dramatic model. Its very presence is didactic. It is persuasive.

      I have the same opinion as the author, as these multistorey cycle park would promote cycling, which is employs minimal fossil fuels as well as is a pollution-free mode of transport.

    12. whilst it may not be possible to ban the car outright, it ought to be possible to keep HGVs and delivery vans out during the day, when their impact on the physical environment and the safety of pedestrians and cyclists is most evident.

      In the UK alone, the HGVs constitutes for 3.6% of non-motorway motor traffic mileage on British roads. they are also a cause behind 18% of cyclist fatalities and 14% of pedestrian fatalities.So, they could be a threat for cycling scheme in the city and there should be a plan to keep them away or create different routes for them. The link shows how HGVs and delivery vans are threat to cyclists. (http://www.cyclinguk.org/campaigning/views-and-briefings/goods-vehicles-lorries-hgvs-vans-etc)

    13. What I remember about that day was the sense of calm, how quiet it was, and how generous the streets actually felt. For a brief moment the public realm was uniquely different.

      The noise pollution and air pollution have become a common thing nowadays due to rise in the number of vehicles. Everyone wants to have his/her own car or similar fuel based vehicles. However, introducing cycling scheme would fight with this problem, ameliorating the health of environment as well.

    14. Cycling offers us, for the first time in more than a century and a half, the chance to build an infrastructure that will bring with it significant public health improvements. In our auto-centric world, we have unprecedented levels of health problems - obesity, diabetes, etc - all associated with our sedentary lifestyles. Cycling should mean a fitter population and a longer life expectancy, which would take pressure off the National Health Service and bring huge economic benefits. It would of course also reduce energy consumption.

      I agree with this point made by author. Also, the cucling has the potential to strengthen the brain, allowong the person to deal with stress. Here is the link that afforms that cycling not only enhances physical fitness, but also improves mental health.(http://www.bicycling.com/training/fitness/your-brain-bicycling)

    15. Towards the end of my trip, it occurred to me that this explosion in cycling, ought to be put into an historic context, in order to enable the politicians and the public to recognize the scale of the opportunity, the change it might bring to our cities and our lives.

      This is rightly said since the cycling has several health benefits. Here is a link, which confirms this. (https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/cycling-health-benefits)

    16. What impressed us was the speed of progress. When we were in Chicago at the end of June, the city launched its own bike share scheme. New York already has one. The docking stations bring tangible cycle infrastructure to the city streets. In-carriage and separated cycle routes have begun to proliferate. Disused railway lines are being harnessed as leisure trails, and in some cases these were working well for commuters too. Indianapolis had recently completed their “Cultural Trail,” an active transportation loop linking the five central city districts.

      This shows that many cities have already adopted the trend of bike share scheme.I believe this would also help in decreasing the rate of health issues associated with diabetes in the regions, particularly the US. So, all cities throughout the globe should adopt this trend to promote a sustainable city for the future generations.

    17. However, the real question is: will cycling actually change the city? Will it result in new urban forms or, as the title of Australian academic Dr Steven Fleming’s new book predicts, a “Cycle Space”? Like Fleming, I believe so. I believe that cycling might just be the catalyst for a 21st Century urban renaissance.

      I believe this is a compelling point since cycling is a great exercise. This could be related to the older generations when cycle was the only mode of transport. At that time, the people were more healthier than now. So, bringing that trend back has the potential to change the city extensively.

    18. Why Cycle Cities Are the Future

      The sustainable cities are the future and nearly 70 percent of world population is expected to live in cities by 20150. Here is the link to the article that confirms this. (http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/news/ecosoc/cities-for-a-sustainable-future.html)

    19. he 2010 launch of the “Boris Bike” - London’s cycle hire scheme, named after mayor Boris Johnson – was the clearest indication to date that cycling was no longer just for a minority of fanatics but a healthy, efficient and sustainable mode of transport that city planners wanted in their armoury.

      I agree with the author that Boris Bike has played an important role in the development of sustainable city by having a positive impact in the health of people. Here is the link that shows that how Boris Bike impacts the health positively.(http://www.nhs.uk/news/2014/02February/Pages/Boris-bikes-may-be-good-for-your-health.aspx)

    1. 6 to 11 years old and 12

      I think I should ask my pastor how old he was when all the moving was taking place so I can get a better idea of what problems could've arisen.

    2. Knowing how moves affect psychological health issues in children is important so families and healthcare providers can anticipate those challenges and prepare accordingly

      I wonder how my pastor dealt with this and how his parents helped him deal with moving as well.

    3. will require mental health care rise by as much as 20 percent after a move.

      I think this is very important to consider and I have to keep this in my mind when I write questions for my interview.

    1. Then he whored for his Virginia winery on the way out the door

      This was his response to questions about whether he had talked with Heather Heyer's mom and visiting CVille. Asked if we knew he had a house in CVille. Disgusting!

    1. The real culprit is the human mind — the machinery that generates conspiratorial narratives in the first place, and that guides each subsequent tweet, share, and like.

      It is interesting that the human mind is so incredibly complex and detailed. There are many factors as to why conspiracy theorists believe conspiracy theories, but it seems like education can play a role in the belief of conspiracy theories. It is also important to point out why conspiracy theorists are eager to take jabs at authority such as the government. In the instance of politics, it is always easy to come up with conspiracy theories because in politics there are always secrets and information kept hidden, such as Watergate.

    2. Those with higher education were less likely to extend these attributes beyond humans, while those who believed in conspiracy theories were more likely to do so.

      This is interesting. This shows that conspiracy theorists are more likely to attribute actions to things that can't or wouldn't do those aforementioned actions. I guess that this explains why it is hard to convince conspiracy theorists of real facts once they believe in something.

    3. Because conspiracy theories can influence people's attitudes towards individuals, social groups, institutions and policies, they're often of interest to those tracking public opinion and individual behavior.

      This is a form of advertising. This can be an incredibly effective way of making something look good or bad in regards to another thing.

  3. science.sciencemag.org.proxy.library.vcu.edu science.sciencemag.org.proxy.library.vcu.edu
    1. A true STEM education should increase students’ understanding of how things work and improve their use of technologies. STEM education should also introduce more engineer-ing during precollege education

      definition of stem

    1. Asks effective questions to acquire knowledge (6)

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    2. Learns from and with diverse people (2), (5), (6)

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    3. Selects appropriate digital tools according to purpose (1)

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    4. Communicates using a variety of media (1), (5)

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    5. Respects a diversity of perspectives (2), (3)

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    6. Networks with a variety of communities/groups

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    7. Co-constructs knowledge, meaning, and content (1)

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    8. Learns from, and contributes to, the learning of others (1)

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    9. Learns the process of learning (metacognition) (1),(3),(4),(5),(7)

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    10. Makes discoveries through inquiry research (1

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    11. Makes connections and transfers learning from one situation to another (1), (6)

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    12. Engages in an inquiry process to solve problems (1)

      Why use Hypothes.is?

    1. He comes out of this kind of '90s fusion paranoia background where it's really more about opposition to the powers that be from any old direction

      The 1990s was famous for its small government policies and the people's opposition to authority. I'm guessing that Alex Jones is still stuck in that mindset.

    2. I can't just say something and not see it for myself. They go to these pizza places. There's like satanic art everywhere."

      The first part of this quote, which is about investigating claims and evidence, makes sense. The second part, on the other hand, does not. This seems like a quote to gain attention from the public by claiming something that is incredibly outlandish.

    3. claims to have the ear of the next president of the United States.

      This seems to be a publicity stunt on his part. When the next sentence, which is about conspiracy theories, is taken into account, this seems downright impossible.

    1. n Underscores and Spaces may make it harder to find a file.

      Really? Why? Does it make it harder to find the file on first blush?

    1. wanton

      Wanton, adj. and n. /ˈwɑntən/ 1. a. Of a person, a person's will, etc.: undisciplined, ungoverned; unmanageable, rebellious. 3. a. Lustful; not chaste, sexually promiscuous.

      “Wanton love,” or those behaviors traditionally associated with wanton love, such as lust and prostitution, appear frequently throughout McKay’s body of work, notably Home to Harlem and Banjo. Like the poem itself, which seems to celebrate the hate (or a certainly love for hate) as a source of inspiration as an artist, breaking from the tradition of sonnets depicting ‘true' love, McKay breaks with the conventions of his day and the beliefs of many of his contemporaries by depicting and celebrating the realities of life in Harlem, which include what would be considered by many lewd and lascivious behavior. .

    2. great ships pass, The tides, the wharves, the dens

      McKay briefly worked as a longshoreman in and around docks and wharves after moving to New York City around 1914 and lived and worked in the port city of Marseilles. He recounts the experience of living and traveling through ports in many of his works.

      Works like Home to Harlem and Banjo in particular incorporate such elements. According to Hisham Aidi, “It was in Marseilles that he was inspired to write his novel Banjo, a classic of New Negro literature, which envisioned a pan-African world community that included the Senegalese dockers and Algerian longshoremen whom he had encountered.”

      The difficult lives of working-class longshoremen and the harsh and diverse aesthetic of dock workers (and their myriad ethnicities), seems to have resonated with him. Docks, ports, wharves, and ships are a recurring setting and motif in McKay’s work.

      In his work A Long Way from Home, McKay writes,“I did not come to the knowing of Negro workers in an academic way, by talking to black crowds at meetings, not in a Bohemian way, by talking about them in cafes. I knew the unskilled Negro worker of the city by working with him as a porter and a longshoreman and as a waiter on the railroad. I lived in the same quarters and we drank and caroused together in bars and at rent parties. So when I came to write about the low-down Negro, I did not have to compose him from an outside view" (228).

    3. The fortressed port

      New York City and the Port of New York are dotted with various forts and batteries from both recent and bygone eras. McKay would certainly have been aware, and in the presence of, many of them.

    4. The poles and spires and towers

      In the first few decades of the 20th century, the New York City skyline looked quite different than it does today. There were fewer skyscrapers and the ones that did exist, like the Woolworth and Singer buildings, were more slender and spire-like.

      See also Wordsworth's "Composed upon Westminster Bridge, London, September 3, 1802:" "This City now doth, like a garment, wear/ The beauty of the morning; silent, bare,/ Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples lie/ Open unto the fields, and to the sky;/All bright and glittering in the smokeless air."

    5. trains

      McKay worked as a porter and waiter on trains at various points between 1914-1918. The proliferation of trains at the start of the 20th century made it possible for members of all social classes to travel great distances quickly and inexpensively. However, for blacks traversing the country as Pullman porters, who typically held these jobs, there was a certain degree of danger as they crossed into segregated parts of the country; this became especially apparent during the race riots of 1919 that McKay writes about in "If We Must Die."

    6. through a mist

      The obscurity of the 'city in the mist' is reminiscent of T.S. Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock,” and highlights the relationship between the speaker and the city. See Prono’s article on “The White City.”Allusions to Eliot's The Wasteland appear elsewhere in McKay's work, particularly "The Desolate City."

    7. And makes my heaven in the white world's hell

      Perhaps an allusion to both Paradise Lost by John Milton and “The Clod and the Pebble” by William Blake, both of which play with the notion of making a heaven out of one’s hell.

      Also, in 1926, Carl Van Vechten, a white author and socialite enamored with black culture in Harlem, wrote and published a novella called Nigger Heaven. In the book, Van Vechten utilized what many have described as stock caricatures, and stereotyped the people and lifestyles in Harlem at the time. The book was controversial not only for its title, but also its subject matter. Many prominent members of the Harlem Renaissance saw it as an egregious insult to the black community. However, there were many members of the black community who came to the defense of Van Vechten, notably Langston Hughes, a friend and protégé of Van Vechten, and Hughes’s friend Claude McKay. McKay’s work Home to Harlem would receive similar reviews, especially from W.E.B. Du Bois. References to heaven and hell, especially tethered to race, should be considered in the context of Van Vechten’s work and the ensuing controversy.

    8. dark Passion

      Passion, n. /ˈpæʃ(ə)n/ Senses relating to physical suffering and pain.

      The word "passion" appears 27 times in Harlem Shadows, three of which are made proper nouns. His use of "Passion" evokes connections to Christ and martyrdom. According to Sam Schechner, the word is derived from the Latin passio, which means suffering, and first appears, in reference to the death of Christ some time in the 2nd century.

    9. I live my part

      The irony of living amongst so much wealth yet being barred from it is a recurring concept in McKay's work. The juxtaposition highlights the injustice of systemic racism and the social exclusion of marginalized people. In his critical essay "The White City," Prono writes: "McKay is... the forerunner of other African-American intellectuals, such as Langston Hughes, Richard Wright, Ann Perry, Ralph Ellison, and James Baldwin, who would explore the contradictions of the urban ghetto's proximity but incomplete access to the wealth and power of America" (446).

    10. chambers of my heart

      The heart is comprised of four chambers -the right atrium, left atrium, right ventricle, and left ventricle. The heart acts as a pump circulating blood to the lungs to gather oxygen, which is then distributed to the body.

      The notion of the heart as the “Center of vitality in the body has been proposed and debated by physician, theologians and philosophers dating back to Aristotle. In Jamaica, as a young man, it is said that McKay was a voracious reader and studied "classical and British literature, as well as philosophy, science, and theology" under the tutelage of his brother Uriah Theodore. It is likely that he was exposed to these historical theories of the heart. The motif of vitality in the blood and heart is frequently found in the poems of Harlem Shadows. There are references to the heart in 26 (more than a third) of the poems in the collection. It is also noteworthy that the poem, as an English sonnet, is written in iambic pentameter, which said to replicate the rhythm of a beating heart.

    11. I will not toy with it nor bend an inch

      According to Cary Nelson, "bend an inch" is an allusion to Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew: "I'll not budge an inch boy" (1.1.14). See notes in William Maxwell's Complete Poems by Claude McKay.

    12. The White City

      McKay uses the English sonnet form in "The White City". His use of the sonnet form garnered a great deal of criticism from his contemporaries in the Harlem Renaissance, not only because of its association with white, Anglo-European colonialism, but also as an antiquated poetic form in context of modernism. “The White City,” exemplifies McKay's many protest sonnets, such as his famous poem "If we Must Die."

      By using the sonnet form, McKay was able to convey to a white audience the struggles of black Americans using a poetic form from the European literary tradition. According to James Keller, “The sonnet form was not merely an accident of McKay's education, but was specifically selected to illustrate the poet's political agenda, to expose and undermine the many misconceptions about African Americans that the dominant culture seeks to perpetuate.”

      Luca Prono writes of McKay use of the sonnet, "The choice of the sonnet to convey such a sustained feeling of hate may seem an odd one at first. Yet it is completely consistent with the rhetoric of reversal espoused by the poem. The sonnet, which is regarded as the quintessential poetic form for the expression of love, is here reversed and employed to express hatred. 'The White City' plays throughout its text with the reader's expectations generated by the sonnet form."

    1. high days

      (n). A day of great (religious) celebration; a feast day; a special occasion (from the Oxford English Dictionary). In Jamaican culture, it was of utmost importance that the people wore their best attire, such as a tall hat and black coat for men, on high days and holidays. McKay may be referring to a day such as Christmas, a holiday McKay would have celebrated being raised as in the Baptist faith. McKay could also be using high days as a synonym for hey-day, which, as defined by the Oxford English Dictionary, is "An exclamation denoting frolicsomeness, gaiety, surprise, wonder, etc."

    2. noonday

      (n). The middle of the day; midday (from the Oxford English Dictionary). As McKay writes in his poem "Homing Swallows", children would be released from school at noonday.

    3. flame-heart's

      In Complete Poems: Claude McKay, William J. Maxwell theorizes that “flame-heart” is likely a reference to “the heart of the speaker, to the poinsettia that this speaker remembers, and perhaps to the tree Poinciana regia, sometimes called a flame tree in Jamaica because of its brilliant red or orange flowers” (317).

    4. embalmed

      (v). To preserve from oblivion; chiefly in good sense, to keep in sweet and honored remembrance (from the Oxford English Dictionary).

    5. copse

      (n). A thicket of small trees; the underwood of a wood or forest (from the Oxford English Dictionary).

    6. wine-thrilled

      Fermentation of fruits into alcohol can occur in the wild, as the process merely requires the presence of water, plant sugars and naturally occurring yeast. The breakdown of the carbohydrates (sugars) in the blackberries that McKay mentions in line twenty-four would ferment into alcohol and carbon-dioxide, creating wine. Jamaica has never had a legal age restriction for the possession or consumption of alcohol, therefore it would not have been unusual for McKay to have drunk wine as a child. He also references wine and youth in his poems "When I Have Passed Away" and "The Harlem Dancer."

    7. fling at tops

      A top or a “gig” is a hand-constructed toy that is made by shaping wood into a carved wooden top and placing a nail inside as a tip. Children in Jamaica, especially those without the financial means to purchase toys, played with tops by placing a string around the top and releasing it quickly into a spinning motion. A more detailed explanation of a form of the game is here. A video demonstrating how to fashion and use a top is here.

    8. cheated

      (v). A synonym for “shirk”, to avoid, bypass, dodge, or evade (from the Oxford English Dictionary).

    9. rose-apple

      The rose-apple tree, or Syzyygium jambos, is a shrub native to the East Indies and Malaya and was introduced to Jamaica in 1762. These trees grow quickly and bloom sporadically and year-round in Jamaica, with slightly less blooming during the summer months. In Fruits of Warm Climates, Morton notes “Around the tropical world, rose apples are mostly eaten out-of-hand by children… In Jamaica, the halved or sliced fruits are candied by stewing them in very heavy sugar sirup with cinnamon” (np). The fruits also provide a thorough source of nectar, which would attract the painted ladies mentioned in line 16. The apple itself is round or oval and has pale yellow or white skin with, at times, a pink hue. The flesh of the apple is crisp, mealy and sweet and is said to have the taste of the scent of a rose. The trees flower around midsummer and the fruits then ripen three to four months later.

    10. by-road

      (n). A road which is not a main road; an out-of-the-way, little-frequented road (from the Oxford English Dictionary).

    11. dapple

      (v). To mark or variegate with rounded spots or cloudy patches of different color or shade (from the Oxford English Dictionary).

    12. languid

      (adj). Lacking vitality or vigor; listless, leisurely or unhurried (from the Oxford English Dictionary).

    13. honey-fever grass

      The common name for an oil grass introduced in Jamaica around 1800. This bush (Cymbopogon Citratus), which may grow up to four feet tall, produces lemon grass oil, which is used as a medicine for fever or headaches. In other parts of the world, this herb is called lemon grass. In Jamaica, it is called fever grass. McKay commonly refers to plants and nature in his other works. See also “After the Winter”, "Spring in New Hampshire", and “The Spanish Needle.”

    14. poinsettia's

      The Jamaican Poinsettia, or the Euphorbia punicea, is a plant that also goes by the name “Flame of Jamaica” due to the bright red coloring of its flowers. Though the flowers on this plant do bloom year-round, the peak of its flowering is in early-to-mid-winter, which is why McKay associates the plant with December.

    15. ground doves

      The Common Brown-Dove (Columbina passerina jamaicensis) is a type of bird that does not migrate. These birds spend their time in forests, sandy areas, open areas with trees and bushes and farmlands, the latter being the place McKay undoubtedly encountered them, as his parents were farmers. The Jamaican Common Brown-Dove is a light brown/gray color and blends in well with the dusty areas in which it forages. They are known to gather in flocks and tend to stay on the ground. An abundance of these birds, with their brown/gray coloring and tendency to be found in dusty areas, would cause the “browning of the fields” that McKay notes. Common Brown-Doves have a repetitive call, and mating males make a coo that is guttural and sharp, most likely the “curious fluting” to which McKay refers.

    16. pimento's

      A crop that is most often used as a spice in cooking, though it can be used in liquor or for medicinal purposes. Also known as the “Jamaican All-spice”, the pimento berry combines the flavors of the clove, berry, pepper and cinnamon. Pimento trees thrive in Jamaica because of the soil and climate there, and as such the Pimento is of major economic importance to Jamaica as it is a main export. The “special, startling season” to which McKay refers here is most likely June, as that is the time of year when the blossoms of the Pimento tree begin to open. For an in-depth explanation of the Pimento crop, refer to John R. Gayle’s “Pimento: The Jamaican Allspice Story.”

    17. forget-me-not

      A deep-blue/purple flower in the Solanaceae family, the Jamaican forget-me-not (Browallia americana) originates from the tropical regions of South America. In the 1894 Journal of the Institute of Jamaica: The Story of the Life of Columbus and the Discovery of Jamaica, the author notes that when Columbus discovered Jamaica, noticeable on the shoreline from the sea would have been the "the allspice-yielding pimento...the golden bronze of the under surface of the leaves of the star-apple...the blue Jamaica forget-me-not...the Jamaica blackberries" (54-55). The forget-me-not can be symbolic for remembrance and is used as a reminder to make lasting memories with loved ones.

    18. purple apples

      The Jamaican Star Apple, a member of the Sapotaceae family, is native to the Caribbean and Central America. Though not an actual apple, this fruit (and the rose-apple mentioned in line 18) was likely given the name "star apple" after the British captured the island in the seventeenth century.. Britain's colonization of Jamaica had a large impact on the agriculture and vegetation. Sweet and purple in color (though there is a green-skinned variety), these apples grow on the star apple tree (Chrysophyllum cainito). When the fruit is cut in half, the inner flesh resembles a star. The fruit on the star apple tree ripens in Jamaica between early spring to early summer, or roughly March to June.

    19. ten years

      McKay left his native land of Jamaica for the United States in 1912. “Flame-Heart” was released in 1922.

  4. harlemshadows.org harlemshadows.org
    1. Your

      McKay frequently addresses an ambiguous object by using gender-neutral pronouns. In Lindsay Tuggle's article “’A love so fugitive and so complete’: Recovering the Queer Subtext of Claude McKay’s Harlem Shadows” suggests that McKay’s use of gender-neutral pronouns allows him to address love poems to either a man or a woman in a time when queer identity was not always celebrated or public. Other examples of McKay writing to an ambiguous “you” in order to conceal the gender of the lover or subject of his poem include "To O.E.A."

    2. cottage

      A cottage is a term used for a small, sometimes temporary, house. McKay could be referencing an 1849 short story by Edgar Allen Poe, titled "Landor's Cottage," that describes a cottage with jasmine growing around it. Poe's cottage in the Bronx was made a museum in 1913, around the time McKay was living in Harlem.

    3. oh

      Commonly, “oh” (Or “Oh!” in the original publication) is an exclamatory. It could also be seen as an apostrophe, a figure of speech when the speaker suddenly stops and addresses an object or an absent person or place, in this case either the flower or a person. Classical and Romantic poets, Baudelaire and other popular writers of the Harlem Renaissance, such as Langston Hughes and James Weldon Johnson, with whom McKay was familiar, make frequent use of the apostrophe.

    4. fond

      Fond can mean 1) infatuated, foolish, silly; 2) of things: valued only by fools, trifling, trivial; or 3) have strong affection or liking for.

    5. cold nude trees

      McKay is most likely referencing a place like New York here, for while jasmine is very common in Jamaica, deciduous trees are not. In the winter, New York can often be very cold; trees shed their leaves, and flowers do not grow. McKay writes a number of poems about winter or snow such as “To One Coming North”, “To Winter”, and “The Snow Fairy.”

    6. night jasmines

      Night jasmine (Cestrum nocturnum) is a species of jasmine with fragrant, yellowish-white flowers that bloom at night, and is native to the West Indies. This plant is often referred to as a lady of the night, which is also a euphemistic term for a prostitute. McKay references prostitution often, and in a positive light, for example in the poem "The Harlem Dancer,” also in Harlem Shadows, and in his 1928 novel Home to Harlem.

    7. overwhelms and conquers

      Jasmine is a climbing plant that, if not pruned correctly, can overtake and overgrow where it has been planted. McKay might be referencing the overwhelming nature of the jasmine’s scent, or of the plant itself.

    8. scent

      In “Flower of Love,” also in Harlem Shadows, McKay refers to a scent overcoming him. His other poems often use olfactory imagery. McKay references flowers in a number of different poems. He uses flowers as terms of passion, love, or romance, and he usually associates them with the color red or very strong scents.

    9. weird

      The word "weird," in addition to meaning a strange and unusual appearance, can also mean "having the power to control the fate or destiny of human beings, etc.; later, claiming the supernatural power of dealing with fate or destiny." This definition originated from Shakespeare's MacBeth with the three Fates, or "Weird Sisters."

    10. cold

      According to the Oxford English Dictionary, cold, when referring to soil, can mean slow to absorb heat. The night jasmine, even though it blooms at night, still needs a constant source of heat and light from the sun during the day. If the soil is "cold," it will not correctly absorb the heat from the sun, and the night jasmines will not bloom.

    11. vestige

      According to the Oxford English Dictionary, vestige is a mark of something that is gone.

    12. Jasmines

      Jasmine (Jasminum) is a type of climbing, flowering shrub with fragrant white flowers native to Southeastern Europe and often found in South Africa and the West Indies. There are many variations and types of jasmine, with most having a strong, particular scent. Jasmine is often associated with love, beauty, sensuality, and purity.

    1. !

      Works Cited:

      Chaney, Michael A. "Traveling Harlem's Europe: Vagabondage from Slave Narratives to Gwendolyn Bennett's 'Wedding Day' and Claude McKay's 'Banjo.'" Journal of Narrative Theory, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2002, pp. 52-76.

      Innes, C. L. “Virgin Territories and Motherlands: Colonial and Nationalist Representations of Africa and Ireland.” Feminist Review, No. 47, 1994, pp. 1-14.

      Johnson, Barbara. “Apostrophe, Animation, and Abortion.” Diacritics, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1986, pp. 28-47.

      Smethurst, James. "The Red Is East: Claude McKay and the New Black Radicalism of the Twentieth Century." American Literary History, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2009, pp. 355-367.

    2. rends

      According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word “rend” means to rip apart. One could infer that by “new birth,” McKay means the birth of Communism, and that he is eager for it to rip apart the current political structures of “old earth” capitalism.

    3. Ethiopia

      Although it is a specific country in East Africa, “Ethiopia” was commonly used to refer to Africa as a whole through the early 20th century when this poem was published. For examples of this particular use of the word “Ethiopia,” see quotations underneath the Oxford English Dictionary’s 2nd definition of the word “Ethiopian.” Lack of knowledge and general misuse of terms related to Africa and African cultures was also common. The Dreadnought hoax of 1910, highlighted this as members of the Bloomsbury Group pranked the Royal Navy by dressing up as diplomats from a fake African country. Of the whole Harlem Shadows poetry collection, only one other poem uses the word “Africa,” and no other poem employs the term “Ethiopia."

    4. OOh*† my brothers

      This line, although common in many works of poetry, is used frequently in Chants of Labor: A Song Book of The People, which was published in 1905. The themes of the songs in Chants of Labor are similar to those of this poem.

    5. travail

      The word “travail,” which in French translates to “work,” has several definitions in the OED, but the two that are most relevant are the following: 1) bodily or mental labour or toil, especially of a painful or oppressive nature; 2) the labour and pain of childbirth. McKay’s use of the word “travail” works in tandem both with the other references to Communism, as well as other references to motherhood in the poem (see line 1: “pregnant universe;” line 4: “motherland;” line 8: “birth”). McKay does not employ this word anywhere else in Harlem Shadows.

    6. And the foolish, even children, are made wise

      This line is reminiscent of 1 Corinthians 3:18 of the King James Bible: "Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise." Besides Corinthians, the chiasmus of foolishness and wisdom is a frequent trope of the Christian bible.

    7. Ghosts are turned flesh

      McKay has an interesting and complex relationship with both the Christian faith and the Jamaican Obeah tradition, so it is unclear from which tradition he may be drawing. It could be a reference to the dead rising in the Christian bible, specifically 1 Corinthians. It could also refer to the duppy, a ghost or spirit of Caribbean folklore.

      McKay’s father was a staunch Christian and did not believe in duppies or other Obeah symbols or practices. However, Obeah was still a significant and unavoidable component of Jamaican culture, so McKay was very likely exposed to it. In other poems, such as “The Easter Flower,” McKay identifies as a pagan, which in this context likely means “non-Christian.” Obeah also makes a significant appearance in McKay’s novel Banana Bottom.

    8. East

      Here, McKay could be using the word “East” to refer to either Africa or Russia and the rise of Communism. This poem was originally published in the socialist magazine The Liberator. The word “crimson” later in this line is reminiscent of the red color of the Communist flag). Additionally, a portion of the OED's definition of the word “East” makes a reference to Communism. Because this poem was published in 1920, the “new dawn” could be a nod to the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. James Smethurst's article, "The Red Is East: Claude McKay and the New Black Radicalism of the Twentieth Century" suggests McKay could be referring simultaneously to both Africa and Russia.

    9. motherland

      The term “motherland” usually refers to one’s native country, but the distinction of when to use “motherland” vs. “fatherland” is not quite clear. Some suggest it is a linguistic difference among different world regions. Africa is frequently called “the motherland” and “mother Africa.” In her article “Virgin Territories and Motherlands: Colonial and Nationalist Representations of Africa and Ireland,” C. L. Innes argues that conflating the African continent with the image of the mother figure “seems to be a product [of] anti-colonialist and nationalist movements. And these movements are often figured as a kind of Oedipal or Family romance, in which the sons of the nation seek to usurp the imperial father-figures who have laid claim to the mother/wife” (10). There are additionally a number of other motherhood-related words in this poem (see annotation for the word "travail").

    10. O

      McKay makes frequent use of the apostrophe in his poetry, a literary device in which a speaker addresses a third party. This third party may be an absent or present individual, or an inanimate object. Multiple other Harlem Renaissance poets also used apostrophe, including Countee Cullen and Langston Hughes. The recurring use of this device could come from a number of sources, such as the common use of apostrophe among African-American spirituals and blues songs. According to Michael A. Chaney's article "Traveling Harlem's Europe: Vagabondage from Slave Narratives to Gwendolyn Bennett's 'Wedding Day' and Claude McKay's 'Banjo,'" apostrophe in Harlem Renaissance poetry often addresses a long-lost home, and it appears to be doing so here. For further reading on the purposes and history of the apostrophe, refer to Barbara Johnson’s article, “Apostrophe, Animation, and Abortion.”

    1. You can designate a portion of a view as stretchabl

      Similar to UIImage

    2. If you do change the content, you notify the system that the view has changed


    1. Earlier this week, Trump said he needed to get all “the facts” before singling out hate groups for condemnation after violent protests sparked by a white supremacist rally left one woman dead in Charlottesville, Virginia, on Saturday. 

      Oh, please

    1. Stand

      Misschien duidelijker toelichten dat het ook een volledige stand (incl. historie) en mutaties via PDOK zijn.

    2. eis

      Graag wens van maken. Bij een eis is er geen sprake meer van "uiterste best".


      When you say dark ink can you also type it up or does it have to be handwritten?

    2. Keep all scored assignments until the end of the semester in case I miscalculate your grade through a typographical error

      Would we need to keep this in our backpacks at all times or just bring it in if we have an issue with our total grades?

    1. The bad news

      This is a huge factor in my interview and I think it is helpful to keep in mind how hard it could've been for my pastor moving so much as a young child.

    1. By faith the walls of Jericho fell after they had been encircled for seven days.

      IF this occurred, I cannot help but wonder if there is a quantum physics kind of explanation for how it happened. Like, was it a certain frequency their shouts hit that caused a response from the wall?

    2. By faith Enoch was taken so that he did not experience death; and ‘he was not found, because God had taken him

      This must have been incredibly encouraging for those Jews who so feared death. To think that they could stand the chance of not experiencing death and be taken up for being faithful, this would definitely encourage more acts of faithfulness.

    1. По данным компании Mediascope (ранее TNS Россия), наружная реклама является доминирующим офлайн-медиаканалом в категории «Супермаркеты». Ее доля в 2016 году составила 93,8% (в 2015 году она составляла 67,6%). За наружной рекламой следует пресса, заметно утратившая свои позиции по сравнению с 2015 годом (с 7,8 % до 3,4%).Подробнее: https://adindex.ru/specprojects/market5/retail-4.phtml

      % рекламы

    2. Также весьма перспективны возможности, которыми онлайн обогащает ставшие уже традиционными приемы привлечения покупателей. В частности, в сравнении эффективности традиционных и онлайн-купонов (скачанные на мобильный гаджет приложения или промокоды, которые считываются и активируются на кассе в момент покупки) явное преимущество имеют последние: по представленным компанией Google результатам исследований, доля обналиченных онлайн-купонов в 10 раз превосходит долю традиционных. Кроме того, потребители, использующие онлайн-купоны, совершают на 22% больше походов в магазины, их средний чек за покупку на 23% выше, чем у традиционных покупателей. Годовые затраты – выше на 50%. Такая группа потребителей может стать основой для поддержания доли лояльных покупателей. В целом, тенденции потребительского поведения в продуктовом ритейле таковы, что технологии оказывают все большее влияние на то, как покупатель выбирает и покупает товар. Исследования GfK на базе кросс-медийной панели выявили, что покупатели FMCG-товаров активно используют мобильные приложения. Ценовые агрегаторы, подобные «Едадил», позволяющие сравнить цены и получить информацию о промоакциях, – одни из самых популярных. Так, по данным GfK, приложение «Едадил» вошло в топ-40 самых популярных приложений (по состоянию на третий квартал 2016 года). Подробнее: https://adindex.ru/specprojects/market5/retail-4.phtml

      тенденции к увеличению влияния приложений и технологий на покупательское поведение

    1. if every neuron in the network computes the same output, then they will also all compute the same gradients during backpropagation and undergo the exact same parameter updates.

      except for the weights of the first layer? As the inputs could be different.

    1. lunatics

      wow, i like how they convey their stuff

    2. The pimply-faced tiki-torch gang

      yyyyeeeessss, i like their wording

    3. We do not wish to be united with Jew-haters, bigots, racists, and the morally and intellectually defective specimens on such sad display in Charlottesville, waving their Nazi banners and Confederate flags.

      This is a line that most papers wouldn't put in there articles.

    4. The car attack on the counter-protesters has all the hallmarks of a by-now-familiar act of terrorism

      this article is a little biased, but biased on the side of anti-terrorism for the most part, it is also pretty liberal.