1. Last 7 days
    1. Zwischenüberschriften Kurs

      Überschrift passt nicht zum Inhalt. Wie wäre es mit ....

    2. Allgemeines Feedback zum Kurs.

    3. Persönliches Wiki

      Ich habe hier ein Persönliches Wiki in Deinen Kurs eingefügt. Dieses könnten die Studierenden folgendermassen nutzen .... Was denkst Du?

    1. für jedes

      Müsste das nicht

      $$\begin{aligned}\sum_{k=0}^{n+1}(-1)^k \binom {n}{k} = 0\end{aligned}$$

      sein? Für \(n=0\) wäre das doch sonst 1?

    1. bit.ly/mw18-larue
    2. Library Bill of Rights

      Disponible en este enlace

    3. Highlights from the Midwinter President’s ProgramThe moderatorAre libraries neutral? Have they ever been? Should they be? Can libraries be neutral as part of societies and systems that are not neu-tral? Are libraries, through their processes, their practices, their collections and technologies, able to be neutral?

      Las preguntas de este tema

    1. I’m so glad I don’t have to write for it

      I'm glad he doesn't, too.

      Sorry, had to say it.

    2. I doubt if these people even know who Sigourney Weaver is.

      Says the guy who got through an entire review of Cabin In The Woods, including mentioning Buffy, without so much as a mention of Joss Whedon. Never heard of him?

    3. It’s all part of an elaborate video game that allows paying customers to watch real people slaughtered according to the horror of choice

      This is the second Reed review I've clicked out of curiosity why he gave such abysmally low scores to popular movies, and the second in which he's said things where he says things in his review that betray that he didn't watch the movie. "Allows paying customers to watch real people slaughtered ... the game ends only if the virgin survives"? What movie is he talking about? That isn't in Cabin In The Woods, yet he spends several sentences on it here. Once again it looks like Reed hasn't actually watched a movie he gave an abysmally low score to, or at least, didn't watch it closely enough to detect major plot points. Did he nod off while watching it?

    1. have in their possession a cigarette lighter

      Considering he say the kids had a "lighter" after the time the film spent explicitly showing the girl laboriously duct-taping the wooden matches to the door, and several other odd outright factual errors in this article, such as...

      1) How he confuses the mid-movie flashback in which Cage destroys the pool table (which culminates in a heartfelt discussion about foiled expectations and broken dreams that is central to the theme of the movie and which Reed seems also to have somehow completely missed) and the ending in which he attacks his son in the car, not destroys the house, with the pickaxe; or 2.) the lengthy flashback in which it's clearly explained that being with his topless girlfriend in the car is a memory, not a fantasy, which explains the importance of the car and what it means that he damages it in attacking his son; or 3.) saying he never knew what year the film is set in when it goes out of its way to show technology and music cues that reveal it to be set roughly present-day;

      ...it certainly sounds like Reed didn't watch the movie himself at all. Maybe he had someone watch it for him and then relate plot points to him, inaccurately, or maybe he had it on in the background while he did something else and didn't give it much attention. But it's a little insulting to the reader to have someone posing as a movie reviewer but reviewing movies that he obviously either hasn't seen or hasn't watch closely enough to review.

      It's no masterpiece, but, come on, guy, at least watch it before you rate it a "0".

    1. Remember, the author made a more technical report on this topic. PDF here

    2. if we ever find the translation is dominant in a direction other than forward, we simply ignore that motion.

      Remember, this is just a heuristic

    3. Most Computer Vision algorithms are not complete without a few heuristics thrown in
    4. RANSAC. It is an iterative algorithm. At every iteration, it randomly samples five points from out set of correspondences, estimates the Essential Matrix, and then checks if the other points are inliers when using this essential matrix.
    5. T his step compensates for this lens distortion.
    6. For every pair of images, we need to find the rotation matrix RRR and the translation vector ttt, which describes the motion of the vehicle between the two frames.
    7. An efficient solution to the five-point relative pose problem
    1. our job is to construct a 6-DOF trajectory

      This is "forwards/backwards" in every major axis, and rotations in the same axis.

    1. J R Soc Med

      Before you read this paper (an article published in a journal) take a moment to learn more about the publisher. That's the people who are deemed responsible for this article.

      What did you notice. How long has the journal been...

    1. Reflection — understand-ing what is happening, why, and how it might be changed — is a critical skill for reacting effectively in challenging situations.

      I would like to incorporate more reflection in my classes, so I guess I need to start learning how to model it.

    2. Mindfulness and stress reduction: Mindfulness refers to both a state of being and an approach based in meditation and other center-ing techniques.

      This seems like some interesting training that I would like to have. I never would have thought that these types of things should/could be used in the classroom.

    3. Practices and policies to sup-port and foster educators’ social and emotional competencies are fundamental to addressing these challenges. Schools must over-come the false assumption that all educators naturally possess these abilities in equal measure.

      I think the practice of fostering educators in SEL would be great for retention of teachers. I know in my first few stress-filled years teaching that I could have benefited from these practices and could have been a better teacher.

    4. the ability to listen and empathize, pick up on a subtle social cue, find a student’s hidden strength,

      I find that students who gravitate towards me and often come to me just to chat say some of these things about me. They enjoy the fact that I will listen to what they have to say and feel safe in our conversations.

    1. Church

      With the advancement in neuroscience in the past 20 years and what we know about the adolescent brain, I'd be curious to see how he would've written about this information.

    2. We

      I think his use of "We" also needs defining, particularly for the time he was writing, for in 1970 many schools were still segregated and certainly schools and schooling varied widely. I think there are a lot of assumptions in his "We."

    1. organizational form of the list

      Listing and collecting items to put them back into their original function rather than remove them from their original function.

    2. through strategies of obliquity and indirection

      The text is about nothing.

    3. imaginative speculation rather than research

      Interweaving of real with imagined. Similar to Underworld's use of real and imaged sources.

    1. ‘nothing’ but more language

      The text is used to communicate nothing.

    2. dipping each letter and punctuation mark in black paint which reduces legibility

      Words are not meant to be wholly decoded. Connection to Jorinde Voigt's annotations.

    1. flashes of meaning persist

      Flashes of meaning persist despite an attempt to eliminate meaning. Perhaps this suggests that meaning is impossible to eradicate?

    2. making a new book with the same words

      Connection to Underworld, "hope of finding patterns where there seems to be nothing but noise".

    1. Who we are is a result of what we do

      Hello all! My name is Diana and I am in my first year of graduate school pursuing an MA in Special Education. I am taking the ABA track in hopes of becoming a BCBA. I became interested in this field during my undergrad years when I was a caretaker for a child with Autism. I worked closely with this child for most of my undergrad years and thus I became very interested in the field of ABA because of this special opportunity. I look forward to learning from you all and to sharing our knowledge.

    1. sort through the historical and cultural debris of the latter half of the twentieth century in the hope of finding patterns where there seems to be nothing but noise.

      Similar and opposite to Adam S. Miller's statement about Foster Wallace's work in The Gospel According to David Foster Wallace: "The real is full of noise, and more, it’s full of patterns that look like noise."

    2. wasted lives, wastebands, wasted bodies, limbs, sewers, dumps, landfills, junk, trash, garbage, shit
    1. many of the authors cited are real and the articles and books noted have actually been published

      Interweaving real and made up authors could be another form of haunting. Mark Taylor describes "the real" and "god" as synonymous in Rewiring the Real. Sparsely including the real may be a way to draw attention to it.

    2. explaining his editorial procedures and adding his own observations and reflections, which are so extensive that they eventually overwhelm Zampano’s text.

      Similar to the annotations in Foster Wallace's writing (footnotes on footnotes) and Jorinde Voigt's writing. The compulsion to annotate and explain is so strong, that it overwhelms the original text.

    3. The text is about nothing – always about nothing

      The text does not offer meaning through content.

    4. nothingness haunts the text

      In Re-writing Freud by Simon Morris, words are randomly selected from Interpretation of Dreams, although "flashes of meaning persist, haunting the text."

    1. Any ReactJS codebase should implement a UI-Library as soon as possible, even if it increases the development time in the beginning, it will be a huge win in the long run.

      Implement a UI Lib for all React applications.

    1. Speaker has learned the true values in meaning of life, but realizes in the end it was to late, as his time has come to leave this world. Can all of these thoughts be the flashing thoughts it is said one goes through when facing death?

    2. I have learned that when a newborn first squeezes his father's finger in his tiny fist, he has caught him forever.

      What did the speaker mean with this line? When referring to begin caught, is he referring to falling in love?

    3. I would prove to the men how mistaken they are in thinking that they no longer fall in love when they grow old-not knowing that they grow old when they stop falling in love.

      Love, not anything else, is our fuel to living a long healthy life. Speaker trying to correct beliefs of elders belief of loss of love when older. Love keeps our hearts warm and young.

    4. If God would bestow on me a scrap of life, I would dress simply,

      Reader is not asking for materialistic things, as he is comfortable with living a simple humble life, because the value in this life is realized by the speaker that wealth and success are not the real things that lead to a happy life.

    5. I would awaken when the others sleep.

      Again mentioning how we waste our time gifted on this Earth by sleeping. Realizing that as he will be having an eternal sleep soon, he wishes can stay awake and alive as long as possible.

    6. I know that for each minute that we close our eyes we lose sixty seconds of light.

      The quote shows how the speaker does not want to take life for granted, as he sees that every second we have to live is a gift, and we must make the most of the time we have here on earth.

    7. I have learned that everybody wants to live at the top of the mountain without realizing that true happiness lies in the way we climb the slope.

      reaching out to the audience, telling us that we focus so much on making it and becoming wealthy and successful when the true meaning of happiness is through the journey we go through while doing these things we love.

    1. There’s no need to reinvent the wheel and make the whole thing all metaphysical

      A form, perhaps, of the "creative immanence" referenced in Taylor's explanation of "the real"?

    2. ritualistic

      Habit and ritual are so conceptually close in the grid of boredom and spirituality that in The Spiritual Significance of Boredom in the Overload Age I propose the blend-word “habritual” to capture the co-occurrence of the biomechanical and the psychosocially meaningful aspects.

    3. Boredom is a head-clearing ascesis

      One of the histories of contemporary boredom is in askēsis, which English dictionaries now define as the practice of severe self-discipline, typically for religious reasons or meditative purposes. Askēsis is the Greek root of ascetic. The original usage of askesis in antiquity, however, did not refer to the self-denial conjured by the image of an ascetic, but to the physical training required for athletic events. Over the years, various valences of athletic stamina and religious devotion from different discourses have intertwined. In The Pale King, as the character Lane Dean works silently processing tax returns among a room full of silent people processing tax returns, he contemplates his boredom, combats it, and loses, sliding into some liminal state where he hallucinates a phantom who performs this etymology.

      The phantom refers to the personification of boredom in antiquity as “the demon of noontide,” who was known to attack monks “in the stillness of the midday hour and empt[y] the world of any meaning” (Dalle Pezze & Salzani 2009, 8).

    4. The boy

      In Boredom: A Lively History (2011), the classicist and philosopher of emotions Peter Toohey believes all boredom is some version of the “simple” boredom that a child might feel on a rainy day.

    5. almost anything you pay close, direct attention to becomes interesting

      Michael Raposa (1999) argues that wherever boredom appears in spiritual life, it brings ambivalence; it can both threaten to “undermine prayer and meditation” and promise to deepen contemplation and renew religious insight.

      Outside its “simple” form as a passing emotional state, boredom itself represents an ontological position in which the very condition of existence is found to be boring and the world is found wanting for anything intrinsically valuable.

      Yet this aspect of boredom is also just one side of a paradox from religion: as Miller says elsewhere in the Gospel of David Foster Wallace, it is as though “there is a twist in the loop of transcendence that renders it, Möbius-like, continuous with immanence” (2016, xii).

    6. Why does boredom seem painful? Shouldn’t it just be boring?

      While self-shattering is nonviolent, there are many other ways that thanatos, the destructive instinct, is twinned with boredom

      Renata Salecl acknowledges the twinning of boredom and aggression when she writes that the society “which allegedly gives priority to the individual’s freedoms over submission to group causes” (2006) and filters choice through the prism of “opportunity cost” is one that “causes aggression towards [the self] and apathy in relation to contemporary social problems which are completely ignored by the emporium of individualist choices” (2013a).

      Sometimes the aggression turns outward, as well. The Internet troll as bored, isolated malcontent is well established as a cultural trope and borne out by empirical data (Sanghani 2013). Liam Mitchell (2013) even ups the ante on this notion by proposing that the troll tackles the “desire for desires” problem by erecting “a conscious barrier to unconscious desire” by eliding investment in its principal object, which is amusement at another’s expense, or “lulz.” In Mattathias Schwartz’s (2013) formulation, lulz is “a quasi-thermodynamic exchange between the sensitive and the cruel”; humour derived from “disrupting another’s emotional equilibrium.” In pursuing lulz, the troll establishes “a distance from other trolls (with whom he may or may not feel a bond) and from the people who are governed by normal formations of desire” (Mitchell 2013). Insofar as the troll’s pursuits “bypass or forestall normal formations of desire, they may be characterized as non-subjective.” This is significant because, as Mitchell says, our choices only “have lasting meaning, for others and for ourselves … when we can be held accountable to our promises,” and this is impossible in a condition of both online anonymity and refusal of subjectivity.

      The study “Just think: The challenges of the disengaged mind” (Wilson et al. 2014) asked participants to spend some time alone thinking in an empty room. There were three study conditions, in all of which participants generally gave high ratings of boredom. In one condition the experimenters gave people the option of giving themselves a mild electric shock. 67% of men and 25% of women shocked themselves. So goes the saying “the devil makes work for idle hands.”

      Or more broadly: there are many ways, as Baudelaire said in Les Fleurs du Mal (1857, xxv), that “ennui makes your soul cruel.”

    7. death

      Re: death drive, above? Or perhaps closer to "self-shattering" (eg. Bersani 1987), which is a nonsuicidal dissolution of the self - a self-transcendence, an escape from the confines of the self's limited (tedious?) experience.

    8. Hal

      Hal Incandenza, arguably the protagonist of David Foster Wallace's novel Infinite Jest. http://infinitejest.wallacewiki.com/david-foster-wallace/index.php?title=Infinite_Jest#The_Incandenza_family

    9. entropic

      This is what Edgar Orrin Klapp meant when he wrote in his 1986 Overload and Boredom: Essays on the Quality of Life in the Information Society that “meaning and interest are found mostly in the mid-range between extremes of redundancy and variety-these extremes being called, respectively, banality and noise” (). Redundancy is repetition of the same, which creates a condition of insufficient difference, while noise is the chaos of non-referentiality, or entropy. In a way, these extremes collapse into each other, in that both can be viewed “as a loss of potential … for a certain line of action at least” ().

      There is perhaps something of "the real" here, as well. Volker Woltersdorff (2012, 134) writes that: The law of increasing entropy is a concept of energy in the natural sciences that assumes the tendency of all systems to eventually reach their lowest level of energy. Organic systems therefore tend toward inertia … Freud identifies the death drive with entropy ... within his theory, the economy of the death drive is to release tension."

      Adam Phillips clarifies the death drive: “People are not, Freud seems to be saying, the saboteurs of their own lives, acting against their own best interests; they are simply dying in their own fashion (to describe someone as self-destructive is to assume a knowledge of what is good for them, an omniscient knowledge of the ‘real’ logic of their lives)” (2000, 81, cf. 77).

    10. The real

      In Return of the Real the critic Hal Foster considers "the real" to be art and theory grounded in the materiality of actual bodies and social sites. (As opposed to the "art-as-text" model of the 70s and the "art-as-simulacrum" model of the 80s).

      In Rewiring the Real, Mark Taylor describes the thought of "god" and "the real" as synonymous. One vision of theism he is concerned with is that of Schleirmacher, Schiller, Schlegel, Hölderlin, and Novalis, through to Coleridge, Wordsworth, Emerson, Thoreau, and Stevens, where god becomes identified as the creative impulse immanent in the world. He is also concerned with the ontological thought of Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Freud, Poe, Melville, Blanchot, Jabès, and Derrida for whom the real is "wholly other, or, in Kierkegaard's words that continue to echo, 'infinitely and qualitatively different'" (4). In the latter tradition, Lacan, following most closely on Freud, is especially associated with the concept of the real. For him, the real is the state of nature from which we have been severed by our entrance into language. It erupts, however, whenever we are forced to confront the materiality of our existence, as with needs and drives, such as for hunger, sex, and sleep.

    11. the boy patiently works away at twisting his joints and loosening the body’s grip on itself

      Foster Wallace contrasts the boy's work here with working at the IRS. While both are impossible to complete, the boy's repetitive actions are working towards a spiritual goal: loosening the body's grip on itself.

    12. a desk, a chair, a pencil, some memos, some forms, an unending stream of tax returns in need of examination, and a clock.

      Collecting objects, here in an act of boredom, removes them from their function.

      Craig Dworkin wrotes Arcades in Zero Kerning: "What is decisive in collecting is that the object is detached from all its original functions in order to enter into the closest conceivable relation to things of the same kind. The relation is the diametric opposite of any utility, and falls into the peculiar category of completeness."

      The act of collecting has the potential to transform objects into a function outside of everyday utility and monotony, and fulfill a spiritual need of completeness.

    1. n his famous essay, 'The Relationship Revolution', Michael Schrage (2001) claims that to say the internet 'is about "information" is a bit like saying that "cooking" is about oven temperatures -it's technically accurate but fundamentally untrue'. The real revolution that the internet has brought, he says, is not an 'information revolution' but rather a 'relationship revolution'

      This is related to tomorrow's reading from the US Dept. of Ed's website. We are definitely teaching students to engage in technology very differently from the past. The new technology gap exists in passively using tech to view friends' posts vs. actively using tech to create and learn.

    2. On one hand, these tools enable us to do new things, think in new ways, express new kinds of meanings, establish new kinds of relationships and be new kinds of people. On the other hand, they also prevent us from doing other things, of thinking in other ways, of having other kinds of relationships and of being other kinds of people. In other words, all tools bring with them different kinds of affordances and constraints.

      I'm thinking a lot about how technology affords us with opportunities and simultaneously constrains our behaviors or abilities in the context of the classroom. As my school transitions to 1:1, I'm thinking about the ways students can engage with their devices at home to complete some of the work we used to do together in class and how that will afford us more time in class for other activities. But, I'm also considering what some of the constraints might be. Will the use of these digital technologies in the classroom impede students' interpersonal connections?

    3. . As McLuhan puts it: 'Any extension, whether of skin, hand, or foot, affects the whole psychic and social complex

      I find this idea very interesting and something I hadn't thought of before. We often take for granted or don't notice the various technologies that we use in our daily lives, but if we consider the vast array of technologies that mediate our existence, it's quite profound. As McLuhan notes, all behavior is mediated and "fundamentally change[s] the way we experience and think about space and time..."

    1. If the condition is detected early and treated appropriately, people with Wilson disease can usually enjoy normal health and a normal lifespan. Unfortunately, untreated Wilson disease is associated with severe brain damage, liver failure, and death.[6]


    2. Trientine HCl (Brand name: Syprine )


    3. Zinc acetate (Brand name: Galzin)


    4. FDA-Approved Treatments The medication(s) listed below have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as orphan products for treatment of this condition.

      Orphan products

    1. Although estimates vary, it is believed that Wilson’s disease occurs in approximately one in 30,000 to 40,000 people worldwide.

      Population global #

    2. Most affected individuals with psychiatric symptoms also have neurologic symptoms concurrently or will develop them within about three years and Kayser-Fleischer rings in the corneas of their eyes.


    3. Common neurological symptoms of Wilson disease that may appear and progress with time include tremor, involuntary movements, difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), difficulty speaking and poor articulation (dysarthria), lack of coordination, spasticity, dystonic postures, and muscle rigidity. Almost all affected individuals with the neurological symptoms of Wilson’s disease have Kayser-Fleischer rings in their eyes that can be identified by an ophthalmologist.


    4. This happens most frequently in people with Wilson’s disease during adolescence and more commonly in women.


    1. Research indicates that a normal variation in the PRNP gene may modify the course of Wilson disease. The PRNP gene provides instructions for making prion protein, which is active in the brain and other tissues and appears to be involved in transporting copper.

      Possible treatment

    1. g. The goal of this section is to provide a soft introduction to the TF Serving APIs. For an in-depth overview, please head to the TF Serving documentation

      aamzing and veyr veyr cool

    1. Patients in the pediatric age bracket who present a clinical picture of autoimmune hepatitis should be investigated for WD (Class I, Level B). 11 Adult patients with atypical autoimmune hepatitis or who respond poorly to standard corticosteroid therapy should also be investigated for WD (Class I, Level C). 12 WD should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or have pathologic findings of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (Class IIb, Level C). 13 WD should be suspected in any patient presenting with acute hepatic failure with Coombs‐negative intravascular hemolysis, modest elevations in serum aminotransferases, or low serum alkaline phosphatase and ratio of alkaline phosphatase to bilirubin of <2 (Class I, Level B).

      Clinical Protocols

    2. Recommendations: 1 WD should be considered in any individual between the ages of 3 and 55 years with liver abnormalities of uncertain cause. Age alone should not be the basis for eliminating a diagnosis of WD (Class I, Level B). 2 WD must be excluded in any patient with unexplained liver disease along with neurological or neuropsychiatric disorder (Class I, Level B). 3 In a patient in whom WD is suspected, Kayser‐Fleischer rings should be sought by slit‐lamp examination by a skilled examiner. The absence of Kayser‐Fleischer rings does not exclude the diagnosis of WD, even in patients with predominantly neurological disease (Class I, Level B).

      Clinical Protocols

    3. More recently, molecular diagnostic studies have made it feasible either to define patterns of haplotypes or polymorphisms of DNA surrounding ATP7B which are useful for identification of first‐degree relatives of newly diagnosed patients or to examine directly for disease‐specific ATP7B mutations on both alleles of chromosome

      recent/on-going research

    1. Many teens post information on social media that they think is funny or intended to give a particular impression to a narrow audi-ence without considering how this same content might be read out of context.

      Kids generally take social media a lot less seriously than adults

    2. Teens have grown sophisticated with how they manage con-texts and present themselves in order to be read by their intended audi-ence. They don’t always succeed, but their efforts are phenomenal.

      I notice this a lot with Facebook vs sites like twitter or instagram. On Facebook most teens present themselves in a family friendly way. Teens use twitter and instagram to say things or post pictures they maybe wouldn't post on Facebook for certain family and friends to see and misjudge

    3. Most teens use a plethora of social media services as they navigate relationships and contexts.

      I use Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram even though they are all essentially the same thing

    1. GIS-based planning simula-tion tool to develop a land use plan for a street in the business district of a city

      GIS technology is pretty cool, I dabbled with it a bit during my undergraduate studies. I enjoyed the visual/spatial representation of data.

    2. a repertoire of image-adjustment tools and functions, like blur, fill, clone stamp, shape selection, and color-matching functions, as well as magic wands, palettes, and so on

      pretty impressive how many different elements and areas of specialty that one can focus on within a single application like Photoshop

    1. more than 65% reported that they person-ally experienced at least one of these phenomena

      On the other hand, scientific breakthroughs occur regularly, as do re-interpretations of data based on "new" information. This year, interstitium was "discovered" as a complex organ system in the human body that may explain, in part, why and how cancer spreads throughout the body. Is this the science behind chi, the life force that explains health and illness in some Eastern practices? More astrophysicists are supporting the theory that intelligent life exists elsewhere in the universe, based on probability calculations. Although it is crucial to be skeptical and seek out evidence, sometimes we lack the necessary tools or understanding to explain certain phenomena today.

    2. Approximately 78% of women and 70% of men read their horoscopes, with many believing that these horoscopes are so often correct that they were written especially for them

      This article was written before the great culture war between intelligent design and evolution that apparently led some school boards to provide "equal time" to both approaches in science classes.

    1. Conjunto de ações mínimas de manutenção que deve ser executado pelo agente responsável pelo equipamento e linha de transmissão, segundo critérios e periodicidades por ele definidos, e que tem o objetivo de garantir que as características de projeto, no que se refere a confiabilidade, funcionalidade, operacionalidade e segurança, sejam preservadas.

      Conceito de AMM

    1. bar access to the courts for all types of legal claims, including employment discrimination and sexual harassment claims based on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, protections for employees with disabilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act, rights to maternity and medical leaves based on the Family and Medical Leave Act, and entitlements to minimum wages and overtime under the Fair Labor Standards Act.

      this is ridiculous

    1. For one of the algorithms, the AV would always swerve when it was about to run over people on the road.

      For this particular algorithm, the AV would always swerve when it was about to run over pedestrians on the road, thus killing the passenger. Other algorithms in the Supplementary Information programmed the AV to always stay on the road, thus saving its passenger, or sometimes swerve.

    2. Study four (n = 267 participants) offers another demonstration of this phenomenon. Participants were given 100 points to allocate between different types of algorithms, to indicate (i) how moral the algorithms were, (ii) how comfortable participants were for other AVs to be programmed in a given manner, and (iii) how likely participants would be to buy an AV programmed in a given manner.

      Participants were given a "budget" of 100 points to assign to different algorithms. For example, if there were 3 algorithms, a participant could choose to allocate 20 points to the first one, 30 points to the second, and 50 to the third. This allowed the authors to directly compare how participants felt about the different algorithms presented in study four.

      There were three sets of 100 points that they could assign to the different algorithms, which would answer the questions:

      • How moral is this algorithm relative to the others?
      • If self-driving cars were programmed with this particular algorithm over the others, how comfortable would you be with it?
      • How likely would you buy a self-driving car programmed with this algorithm?
    3. Although the reported likelihood of buying an AV was low even for the self-protective option (median = 50), respondents indicated a significantly lower likelihood (P < 0.001) of buying the AV when they imagined the situation in which they and their family member would be sacrificed for the greater good (median = 19). In other words, even though participants still agreed that utilitarian AVs were the most moral, they preferred the self-protective model for themselves.

      Participants reported that they were not very likely to buy a self-driving vehicle that would protect its passengers, as indicated by a rather low median of 50. However, they were much less likely to buy an AV that would sacrifice its passengers for the greater good.

      Taken together with previous results, this shows that even though passengers thought that the most moral choice was to sacrifice the passengers for the greater good, the participants still preferred a car that would not sacrifice its passengers for the greater good.

    4. On a scale of 1 to 100, respondents were asked to indicate how likely they would be to buy an AV programmed to minimize casualties (which would, in these circumstances, sacrifice them and their co-rider family member), as well as how likely they would be to buy an AV programmed to prioritize protecting its passengers, even if it meant killing 10 or 20 pedestrians

      Participants responded how likely they would buy a car that would either:

      • sacrifice its passengers for the greater good
      • protect its passengers from harm, even if 10 or 20 pedestrians would be killed
    5. But even in that strongly aversive situation, the morality of the sacrifice was still rated above the midpoint of the scale, with a 95% CI of 54 to 66

      Even in the case where both yourself and the family member is sacrificed, participants thought that it was still more moral to sacrifice the car's passengers than kill pedestrians on the street.

    6. Participants’ approval of passenger sacrifice was even robust to treatments in which they had to imagine themselves and another person, particularly a family member, in the AV (study three, n = 259 participants).

      Participants were asked to imagine themselves in a self-driving car with another person, like a family member. The self-driving car must either kill both its passengers, or pedestrians on the road.

    7. Participants did not think that AVs should sacrifice their passenger when only one pedestrian could be saved (with an average approval rate of 23%), but their moral approval increased with the number of lives that could be saved (P < 0.001), up to approval rates consistent with the 76% observed in study one

      Participants thought that saving more lives was the more moral choice. This approval increased as the number of pedestrians increased.

      If there was only one pedestrian, however, participants did not think that the passenger in the self-driving car should be sacrificed.

    8. In study two (n = 451 participants), participants were presented with dilemmas that varied the number of pedestrians’ lives that could be saved, from 1 to 100.

      Participants read scenarios in which the self-driving vehicle would sacrifice its single passenger to save pedestrians, with the number of pedestrians ranging from 1 to 100.

      The participants were asked which situation (saving the passenger versus some number of pedestrians) would be the most moral choice.

    9. Thus, participants were not worried about AVs being too utilitarian, as often portrayed in science-fiction works. If anything, they imagined future AVs as being less utilitarian than they should be.

      The ratings for "What will AVs do?" -- whether people think AVs will actually be programmed to sacrifice one passenger over many -- are lower than "What should AVs do?" -- whether people think they should be programmed to do so.

      Thus, people are less confident that AVs will actually be programmed to sacrifice their sole passenger to minimize casualties, even though people think that is the most moral approach.

    10. However, participants were less certain that AVs would be programmed in a utilitarian manner (67% thought so, with a median rating of 70).

      When the participants in study one were asked whether AVs would actually be programmed to save as many people as possible and sacrifice one passenger for the greater good, they had a more varied response.

      67% percent of the 182 participants thought that AVs would be programmed that way.

      This viewpoint is also reflected in the participants' ratings of how moral each choice was. The upper graph of Fig. 2A ("What will AVs do?") shows that the number of responses for each rating was more distributed than in the bottom graph, which asked if AVs should be programmed that way (rather than if they actually are).

      The median or midpoint value of the participants' responses for the upper graph was 70, which is smaller than the median of 85 given for the bottom graph -- showing that they were less sure about whether AVs would actually be programmed to save one passenger to minimize casualties.

    11. They overwhelmingly expressed a moral preference for utilitarian AVs programmed to minimize the number of casualties (median = 85)

      As shown in the bottom graph of Fig. 2A ("What should AVs do?"), many more people responded a high number: there is a high number of responses on the right end of the graph. If you sort the responses that everyone gave from lowest to highest and take the middle, or "median" response, it is also very high, at 85. This indicates that people thought saving as many people as possible to be the more moral choice.

    12. These same participants were later asked to rate which was the most moral way to program AVs, on a scale from 0 (protect the passenger at all costs) to 100 (minimize the number of casualties)

      To examine whether participants preferred saving a single passenger versus saving as many people as possible, the authors asked them to rate the scenario on a sliding scale. In this scale, 0 corresponds to saving the single passenger, and 100 to as saving as many people as possible.

    1. naging to make it into the Next.ai finals without a team last December. It bec

      some how mangaing next ai

    2. a Meal Card that you can add to your personal recommendations? Going further th

      going further and more.

    3. have been. We would then take that and your preferred long term goal and use that to drive Meal Card generation for you. It’s not like we’re ever going to ha

      google helaht ad rmoe

    4. that there was little to no data easily available (in current form) to back any of thi

      yeah this is actually very very cool.

    5. able to take each individual input and learns what the best sequence of steps a

      best sequence and more.

    6. rstand that certain words (inputs) in a sentence (sequence) have more or less val

      for example and more.

    7. y are ranking restaurants according to Multi-Objective Optimisation Algorithm

      options and more.

    8. t be sorted and ranked. Traditionally, services would allow users to sort by Distanc

      ranked and more

    9. nticing, you’ll have people order from it and so the data gathered would reflect this.

      data refleac this and more

    10. tly, Doordash and Uber Eats is to partner with high-chain restaurants in order t

      high chain resutrants.

    11. Am I eating out? With friends? At a sports game? Is it hot and sunny? My diet etc.

      the app here and there..

  2. instructure-uploads.s3.amazonaws.com instructure-uploads.s3.amazonaws.com
    1. I offer the term and stance of culturally sustaining pedagogy as an alter-native that, I believe, embodies some of the best research and prac-tice in the resource pedagogy tradition and as a term that supports the value of our multiethnic and multilingual present and futur

      The term culturally sustainable pedagogy speaks to me and reminds me of the language that is often used in grants to allocate funding. For every grant I have ever written, it has required a sustainability plan. After the money is gone, how are you going to continue the proposed work? How do you embed the work as common practice? Sustainability implies long commitment

  3. www.stemcell.com www.stemcell.com
    1. Myelotoxicity (CFU-GM)

      Change figure title to "Comparison of myeloid (CFU-GM) IC50 values across animal species"

    2. Immunomodulatory Test Compound Enhances Treg Cell Suppression Function but Has No Effect on the Proliferation of the Responder Cells Alone

      Compounds can be screened for immunomodulatory effects using the Treg cell suppression assay"

    3. development


    4. Insert Title Here

      "MesoScale multiplex platform"

    5. Insert Title Her

      "Intracellular flow cytometric analysis of immune cytokines"

    6. Insert Title Her

      "Human PBMC proliferation after activation"

    7. Figure 1. Insert Title Here

      Please use description as Figure Title for all figures in Immune Services section. Remove "Example of"

    8. Insert Title Here

      "Inter-donor and inter-assay reproducibility of 5-FU dose-response curves"

    9. Insert Title Here

      Replace with "Strong Anti-Proliferative Effects of AZT can be Qualitatively Observed in the CFU Assay by Changes in Colony Size." remove from description below

    10. Insert Title Here

      Replace this with "Dose-response curves of different 5-FU treatment regimens"

    11. Insert Title Here

      @Justin please replace this with the sentence below "Correlation between IC50.."

    12. Allows high-throughput testing of compounds in 96-well format.

      this is supposed to be a bullet point - please insert above Figure 2

    13. Figure 1.

      @Farah/Justin We want to replace this figure. Will provide you with image

    1. While the Internet has made it easy to reconnect with the lost Tonys of our lives, it has made it a lot more difficult to meet them in the first place, by taking a lot of randomness out of life.

      This was my "P" in the formula If p, then q. If q, then r. So, if p, then r. Here is my Toulmanian syllogism for this article:

      If the internet is used to pick your suitable roommate, it takes the randomness out of life.

      If it takes the randomness out of life, we lose serendipity.

      So, if the internet is used to pick your suitable roommate, we lose serendipity.

      I think the P was "the internet is used to pick your suitable roommate" because the internet is the culprit of what messed with the randomness in the selection of a roommate in the first place. This lead to my choice of the "Q" which was "it takes the randomness out of life" because the internet is what takes away the randomness. This lead to my "r" which was that the internet is the reason this author believes is the culprit for the loss of serendipity. My reasoning was focused entirely on what I felt the author of the article was trying to say.

    1. Overall the potential tariff charges could hit $450 billion worth of Chinese products entering into the US, which is likely to spill over into the working classes and create havoc for the citizens of both economies.  Meanwhile amidst this trade war, the geo-political unrest has directed a surge of capital back into the global crypto market, as individuals on both sides of the pacific withdraw into decentralized virtual assets to protect their interests. The global market capital has enjoyed a $16 billion increase in the last 24hrs and is looking promising to retrace back towards $300 billion, as US and Chinese stock market FUD increases.
    1. But users of the wireless cloud are likely to grow from 42.8 million people in 2008 to nearly 1 billion in 2014

      the tipping point @ MG

    2. Mills calculates that it takes more electricity to stream a high-definition movie over a wireless network than it would have taken to manufacture and ship a DVD of that same movie.

      efficiency versus sustainability - not all technical advancements are good

    3. As the cloud grows bigger and bigger, and we put more and more of our devices on wireless networks, we’ll need more and more electricity

      think: it drains battery faster, so it is using more energy

    1. Mr. Weinstein is a graduate of Stuyvesant High School and is on the board of its alumni association.

      I really struggle with private agenda's driven by personal bias that is clearly not in the interest of all students.

    2. I wish that more children across the city had the opportunities they deserve to demonstrate their talent and hard work. It is worth fighting for this principle — in our public schools perhaps most of all.

      Children can be rewarded for their hard work. However, there is so much effort in navigating institutional racism that many become tired and begin to be swallowed up by this beast of hate and dreams begin to diminish. America has a long way to go.

    3. Rather than lead us through that difficult conversation, the chancellor’s response is to build a straw man because no ethnic or racial group could possibly claim entitlement to Stuyvesant.

      Interesting how when minorities begin to gain access to parts of the world, (in this case education) there all of a sudden needs to be some adjustment to the criteria to limit the success. This is so obvious ...

    4. purposely oblivious to his administration’s utter failure to prepare students across the city for the admissions test — and for a school as challenging as Stuyvesant

      Let's look at the reason why these students are not prepared for the test. Whether they choose to go there or not, somewhere along the line education and society has failed them, if they do not have the ability to gain access according to the criteria of this test. Seems to me that there is a bigger problem in New York

    5. regardless of their abilities

      What abilities are they referring too. Would twice exceptional students abilities be accepted?

    6. no interviews, no favoritism for legacies, no strings to be pulled. It’s all about whether you do well on the test

      There are interviews and other criteria being discussed prior to the "test". It's just not out there for anyone to see.

    1. When I told some of my white and Asian classmates that I’d gotten into Yale, they were immediately dismissive

      We as minorities have to deal with this all the time. Getting into colleges, jobs or having opportunity isn't off of our merit,hard work, talent and skill. It's often viewed upon as meeting a minority quota.

    2. For example, I remember being the only black kid in many of my classes (something that seemed n

      I can relate to this as being one of the only African American males in Biochemistry classes.

    3. The current and former students who drove the campaign were sick of having to defend their right to earn an elite education

      This is how we lose some many talented students to institutional racism. They become sick and tired of defending their right.

    1. This was an undone extremity of the globe

      Thesis of the Esssay

    2. their tops are sacred and mysterious tracts never visited by them.

      The forest is an untouched land, wild, savage, beautiful. Something to be feared and never seen. Biblical.

    1. hey can get hot enough for direct heat grilling, but most owners tell me, while they are great for smoke roasting, they are not good grilling tools.


    2. Infrared burners may be perfect for steaks, but they are much too hot for direct heat cooking of most fish and veggies.


    3. Infrared burners use a gas flame to superheat a ceramic or metal plate that radiates much more heat than standard burners. As much as twice the heat. In the 700F plus range.


    4. The biggest problem with gas grills is that only the top end models get hot enough to get a steak crunchy on the exterior without overcooking the interior


    5. no flareups, and cleanup is easier because drips are usually vaporized.


    6. A dial setting of 1 may equal 275F on a 70F day, but it can be 225F on a cool, windy, or rainy day. Or 300F on a hot day


    7. Low to mid-price gas grills typically have a top end of 400-600F


    8. Since charcoal grills do not have temperature dials


    9. The most important part of any cooking, indoor or out, is regulating heat. To do that you need a reliable oven thermometer, and a little know how that takes time to acquire.


    10. My favorite charcoal grills have a crank that let you raise and lower the charcoal bed.


    1. Pourquoi exiger un code d'accès? Cette information devrait être accessible à tous

    1. Learning

      If you are annotating this page for a TCH course, please toggle from Public to that course group. Thank you!

    1. 51 x 36 cm

      This drawing is fairly small, but many of Voigt's pieces are quite large - certainly as tall as she is. Scale does seem to have a place in the field of objects For Boredom is concerned with. Not all written works are long, but a lot of them are decidedly overwhelming, and certainly some of the novels are, too. Voigt’s are a bit different because you can visually take it all in at once, but still, they are large-scale and highly detailed.

    2. notations

      Annotation, but also the sense of thoroughness, exhaustive explanation, a compulsion to comment. Reminds of themes of addiction and information sublime David Foster Wallace's work, including his footnotes to footnotes.

    3. wholly decoded.

      Words as objects. If words are not meant to be "wholly decoded," then the words are about the "manual gesture" that expresses something affective with the expressiveness of the lines left as the "inscriptive trace" (Ingold 2007, 3).

    4. classifying the given situation in order to understand its structure

      Information about information.

    5. writing down the reasons why she would have taken a photograph instead of taking it

      Reminds of mid-century conceptualists’ instruction pieces, plus Kenneth Goldsmith’s huge "uncreative" works that you’re “not supposed to actually read.” In this case, it's almost like a set of instructions you shouldn’t bother following (unlike, say, Fluxus "instruction pieces"), but ones that in and of themselves have some kind of aesthetic value or function.

    6. limited ability to represent experience,

      This seems to verge toward the concerns triangulated in the spirituality/boredom connection…something about how to represent experience itself to ourselves…seems like a question that belongs to the realm of the existential.

    1. Microsoft is doing some kind of work for ICE.

      Microsoft condemned family separation by ICE in a statement to Gizmodo but declined to specify if specific tools within Azure Government, like Face API—facial recognition software—were in use by the agency. The company also did not comment on whether it had assisted in building artificial intelligence tools for ICE, something the agency has been seeking (and courting Microsoft over) for some time.

    1. will be a sum of i.i.d. terms

      Not true (for finite width nets) I think. the terms are conditionally independent, when conditioned on the value of the final hidden layer. If we consider the joint distribution over all the weights over all layers, then the terms won't be independent. However, in the limit of infinite widths, they do become independent. This is because their covariance is \(0\) and in the infinite width limit, they become Gaussian with that 0 covariance, and therefore independent.

      Remember also that this is for a fixed input (and later analysis is for a finite collection of inputs)

    1. But it does mean we should stop taking it for grantedthat music isn't as good as it used to be, and it means we should stop being shocked that the rock rules of the1970's are no longer the law of the land.

      At least here i agree with this author

    2. Rockism makes it hard to hear the glorious, incoherent, corporate-financed, audience-tested mess that passesfor popular music these days

      At this point I am confused: Is the author of this article a Rockist or a supporter of popular music?

    3. Good critics are good listeners, andthe problem with rockism is that it gets in the way of listening.


    4. Rock 'n' roll doesn't rule the world anymore

      Is this a fact or an opinion?

    5. Rockism is imperial: it claims the entire musical world as its own. Rock 'n' roll is the unmarked section in therecord store, a vague pop-music category that swallows all the others

      Such allegations requires to be substantiated

    6. agroup with loud guitars and louder drums knocking the whimpering Mariah Carey off the top of the charts

      Although this definition sounds funny, it can send a signal of who the Nirvana group really is

    7. congeale

      I will need a dictionary to know the meaning of this vocabulary. Woow! I have checked, the author want congeal to mean "turned out into." That is a new term.

    8. Rockism means idolizing the authentic old legend(or underground hero) while mocking the latest pop sta

      In my opinion, this is wrong because every musician, irrespective of his or her generation, have something to offer. History is as important as the present.

    9. rockism is a word meantto start fights.

      I am hoping the author of this piece will explain what this means

    1. provides daily opportunities for children to make choices in their reading and writing (choices may be a limited set of options or from extensive options but within a specified topic or genre

      This could help in keeping interest or in making it more customized experience.

    1. Nice site sponsored by IBM providing lot of training materials for AI, MachineLearning and programming