1. Last 7 days
    1. “There was this idea that you were veiled and then uncovered.”

      This is a really great way of explaining how it feels to be "doxxed." Most individuals who do shady things on the internet are hiding under layers of cloaks- and to be publicized, revealed, and have your private information leaked, is to truly feel exposed and scared.

    1. mis en difficulté ou pris dans des rapports de chantages financiers par des acteurs privés de capitalisation foncière

      peut-être enlever ce bout de phrase

    2. (Harvey, **)

      référence pas forcément nécessaire, non ?

    1. “I came to this understanding for myself that gender was projected onto my body, and I don’t need to alter my body to affirm my gender or align with one gender or another.”

      Wow, what a strong sentence! She is 100% right, because the gender is what projected onto someone's body, focing someone or themselves to change gender definitely not the way to help someone to find self-identity. This sencence show's Moore's attitude, which is great !

    1. Cloud IAP enables you to configure Cloud IAP policies for individual resources in a Google Cloud Platform (GCP) project. Multiple apps within a project can each have different access policies
    1. En este articulo nos define dos grandes técnicas. El tratamiento térmico consiste en calentar el acero, seguido de un enfriamiento controlado y rápido, con resultados altos de tenacidad. Nos define como temple como un tratamiento térmico que su principal objetivo es aumentar dureza y resistencia mecánica del material. Este proceso se lleva transformando toda la masa en Austenita con el calentamiento y después un enfriamiento brusco y se convierte en Mastensita. En este proceso es importante los factores en fase enfriamiento y la velocidad alta del mismo. En el revenido es un tratamiento complementario del Temple, es posterior a esta, Después de este tratamiento suelen quedar muy duros y por lo cual frágiles y aquí entra el revenido el cual puede corregir este. En el proceso de revenido no se eliminan los efectos de Temple, solo se modifican, para con esto aumentar la tenacidad. Estos tratamientos nos permitirá lograr un material con las especificaciones sugeridas y la calidad que se busca especialmente con el tratamiento de temple.

    1. Aceros aleados o especiales: pasan por un afino para añadir otros metales o no metales y mejorar sus propiedades físicas y mecánicas. Se emplean en maquinaria, corte, equipos quirúrgicos, vehículos espaciales, reactores nucleares. Los aceros inoxidables o INOX están aleados con cromo y níquel

      Aleaciones que modifican sus propiedades para ciertos trabajos en especifico.

    1. 45 HRc r

      Además de aumentar el limite de elasticidad y rotura, la dureza se mantuvo a los niveles requeridos de 45 HRc.

    2. mportantes cantidades de aus-tenita residual.

      La austenita es una forma de ordenamiento específico de los átomos de hierro y carbono. Es dúctil, blanda y tenaz.

    3. austenita retenida

      Cuando la austenita del centro se transforma después, la superficie se somete a tensión en tanto el centro se comprime. Si los esfuerzos residuales rebasan la resistencia a la fluencia, se forman grietas.

    4. Introducción

      Se trabajó con la posibilidad de obtener propiedades mecánicas diferentes mediante la variación de los tratamientos térmicos.

    5. RESUMEN:

      Se desarrollaron sistemas térmicos de revenido de larga duración con los que se consiguió duplicar los valores de límite elástico y carga de rotura.

    1. El mayor ejemplo de los aceros especiales nos la menciona en la pagina 41, es de uso en el sector aeronáutico donde las aleaciones de Niquel y cromo son las mas usadas.

    2. A pesar de no ser un texto en si, la informacion d este texto es demaciado util done menciona aparte de los metales especiales, los tipos de trabajos que se le pueden dar al acer

    1. desgaste abrasivo.

      Gracias a los valores obtenidos de dureza se puede garantizar que es resistente a condiciones de desgaste abrasivo.

    2. Evaluación de la resistencia al desgaste

      Al evaluar los valores de dureza promedio para las tres variantes se encontró que los tres valores eran muy parecidos.

    3. En la variante (I), con una velocidad de calentamiento de 65 °C/h, la muestra entra al horno encendido a temperatura inicial de 200 °C, la cual asciende hasta la temperatura de tratamiento 880 °C; tiene un escalón de una hora a una temperatura de 600 °C. En la variante (II), con una velocidad de calentamiento de 110 °C/h, la muestra entra al horno encendido a temperatura de 600 °C, en la cual permanece durante una hora, seguido de un ascenso hasta alcanzar 880 °C.Para la variante (III), con una velocidad de calentamiento de 125 °C/h,la muestra entra al horno encendido a temperatura de 600 °C y esta asciende directamente hasta 880 °C.

      Se utilizaron 3 variantes según la norma GOST 7769-87

    4. INTRODUCCIÓN

      El templado endurece casi todos los aceros y el revenido aumenta la tenacidad.

    5. Resumen

      Se evaluaron tres variantes de temple con el fin de obtener las mejores propiedades para su uso en equipos mineros.

    1. "Relación entre el calentamiento, el enfriamiento y las propiedades mecánicas en los hierros fundidos" Los hierros fundidos tienen baja resistencia a la flexión, la deformación unitaria es nula, la forjabilidad sólo es posible a eleva­das temperaturas y la gran fragilidad, especialmente del hierro fundido laminar perlítico, son dificultades en estos materiales, pero es la plasti­cidad la propiedad que más problemas presenta en la soldadura de los hierros fundidos, especialmente en los grises, y es por eso que se analiza con mayor detenimiento. La plasticidad es tan baja que en algunas ocasiones es casi nula a temperatura ambiente y la misma provoca el desarrollo de tensiones internas y por lo tanto, el agrietamiento de las piezas.

      Los aceros y tratamientos térmicos especiales producen propiedades únicas o combinaciones de propiedades, hay tratamientos para endurecimiento superficial, tales como carburizado que dan como resultado resistencia a la fatiga e impactos.

    2. PROBLEMAS EN LA SOLDABILIDAD DE LOS HIERROS FUNDIDOS. La aplicación del proceso de soldadura a los hierros fundi­dos es un caso especial, debido a que en la mayoría de los casos es un método de reparación de las piezas y en muy pocos de fabricación, por esta razón no solamen­te será necesario analizar los problemas en la soldabilidad de los hierros fundidos como material en sí, sino también las condiciones de trabajo previas a la reparación de la pieza, las cuales dificultan su reparación mediante los procesos de soldadura. Exceptuando los hierros fundidos blancos que prácticamente no son soldables, se presentan problemas fundamentales y secundarios en la soldabilidad de los hierros fundidos y también se estudian las condiciones previas del trabajo de la pieza

      Como solución a estos problemas tenemos el silicio que es un elemento estabilizador de grafito. Elementos como el cromo y bismuto tienen el efecto opuesto y estimulan la formación de hierro fundido blanco.

    3. Los hierros fundidos son aleaciones de hierro y  carbono  con una cantidad de este último elemento superior al que tienen los aceros al carbono. Los elementos que siempre se encuentran presentes en los hierros fundidos son: C, Mn, Si, P y S, aunque en algunos tipos se pueden encontrar: Ni, Cr, Cu, etc. Al igual que los aceros, los hierros fundidos son aleaciones de hierro y carbono, pero se diferencian de éstos en los siguientes aspectos: - mayor contenido de carbono. - en su estructura puede aparecer la ledeburita, perlita, ferrita y grafito. - mayor contenido de Si, Mn, P y S. - menor punto de fusión  1 150 °C, lo que provoca una mayor   fluidez. - poca capacidad a la deformación.

      Los hierros fundidos son aleaciones de hierro-carbono-silicio, que por lo general contienen 2.4% y 0.5-3% de Si, pasan por una reacción eutéctica durante su solidificación.

    1. En este articulo nos dice que los procesos de temple se utilizan para determinadas propiedades mecánicas a un componente, con el fin de que resulte apto para el uso. Nos dice varias técnicas del temple como lo son el escalonad, neutro, bainitico, martensitico, por inducción y doble. El revenido en este articulo no dice que es un tratamiento térmico a baja temperatura destinado a eliminar las tensiones y la fragilidad provocadas por el enfriamiento rápido y a desarrollar las propiedades mecánicas requeridas, este proceso es posterior al del temple y el cual su objetivo es dar dureza y resistencia que se desee dar. Estos tratamientos son muy importantes para poder dar propiedades mecánicas requeridas al material según su propósito, tratar cumplir los estándares y dar algo muy resistente.

    1. Los hierros maleables son tipos especiales de hierros producidos por el tratamiento térmico de la fundición blanca. Estas fundiciones se someten a rígidos controles y dan por resultado una microestructura en la cual la mayoría del carbono estáen la forma combinada de cementita, debido a su estructura la fundición blanca es dura, quebradiza y muy difícil de maquinar.

      La fundición maleable formada por el tratamiento térmico del hierro fundido blanco, produce agrupamientos redondeados de grafito.

    2. Según (Guliaev, 1978) la formación de grafito a partir del líquido o de la austenita se efectúa durante el enfriamiento, en el estrecho intervalo de temperaturas que hay entre las líneas de los diagramas estable y metaestable del sistema hierro carbono (1147-11538 ºC), es decir, en lascondiciones de pequeños subenfriamientos o por consiguiente a pequeñas velocidades de enfriamiento. De aquí llegamos a la conclusión de que la formación de las estructuras de la fundición gris directamente desde el líquido o de la austenita se produce cuando el enfriamiento es lento, mientras que la formación de las estructuras de la fundición blanca, cuando el enfriamiento es más rápido, lo cual ha sido confirmado multitud de veces por la experiencia.

      La fundición de hierro gris contiene pequeñas hojuelas de grafito interconectadas que producen resistencia y ductilidad bajas, este es el hierro fundido de más uso y recibe este nombre por el color gris deslustrado de la superficie fracturada.

    3. El azufre favorece la formación de cementita, pero esta influencia es poco notable cuando existen cantidades apreciables de carbono y silicio. Este elemento disminuye la fluidez del hierro fundido, por lo que su máximo contenido se limita a 0.1%. Empeora el costo del metal y sus propiedades mecánicas.

      Durante la primera etapa de grafitización (PEG), se descompone la cementita en austenita estable y en fases de grafito cuando el carbono de Fe3C se difunde en los núcleos de grafito.

    4. La estructura observadaera la típica de un hierro fundido blanco hipoeutectoide. La fotografía de esa estructura se reproduce en la figura 86 del libro antes mencionado.

      La fundición de hiero blanco es una aleación dura y quebradiza que contiene grandes cantidades de Fe3C.

    1. fatiga

      La fatiga de materiales se refiere a un fenómeno por el cual la rotura de los materiales bajo cargas dinámicas cíclicas se produce más fácilmente que con cargas estáticas.

    2. m ́etodo Maennig

      Método utilizado para determinar el volumen que circula por un cauce por unidad de tiempo o caudal, depende de parámetros como: área, perímetro mojado, etc.

    3. tratamiento t ́ermico de normalizado

      Permite que el acero obtenga una estructura homogénea de grado más fino con propiedades predecibles y maquinabilidad

    4. acero AISI 1045

      Es un acero utilizado cuando la resistencia y dureza son necesarios en condición de suministro. Se da normalizado a 900°C y recocido a 790°C

    1. Even if Trump disappeared tomorrow, we would still live in a country where the WB_wombat_top 1 percent own more than the bottom 90 percent — and where on any given night more than 100,000 children are homeless.

      This fact is so important.

    2. the 400 richest American households paid a lower average tax rate than any other income group, according to new research by two economists.

      This is so so sad, I think.

    3. By raising taxes on the wealthy, we could end the lead poisoning that afflicts half a million American kids, we could provide high-quality preschool for all, we could offer treatment for all people with addictions and we could ensure that virtually all kids graduate from a decent high school and at least get a crack at college.

      Very important

    4. One of the most consequential political debates in the coming years will be whether to raise taxes on the wealthy

      Topic that divides the nation

    5. Great wealth has translated into immense political power, which is then leveraged to multiply that wealth and power all over again

      Has changed the political systems and what it stands for.

    6. the 400 richest American households paid a lower average tax rate than any other income group

      Very interesting

    7. By raising taxes on the wealthy, we could end the lead poisoning that afflicts half a million American kids, we could provide high-quality preschool for all, we could offer treatment for all people with addictions and we could ensure that virtually all kids graduate from a decent high school and at least get a crack at college.

      So much more money to spend on bettering the lives of kids and people who are i'll (mentally and physically)

    8. Even if Trump disappeared tomorrow, we would still live in a country where the top 1 percent own more than the bottom 90 percent — and where on any given night more than 100,000 children are homeless.

      Trump isn't the only reason for this

    9. highest audit rate

      audit: an official inspection of an individual's or organization's accounts

    10. High marginal income tax rates, applied only to very high incomes, are a perfectly sensible way to limit the explosion of top wealth inequality

      Not preventing the rich from getting rich, just closing the gap from how much harder it is for the working/lower class to gain any kind of upward traction

    11. This tax holiday, which they knew of in advance, turned out to have no impact on how hard people worked,

      Taxes don't correlate with how hard people work

    12. One of the most consequential political debates in the coming years will be whether to raise taxes on the wealthy.

      Important topic in debates for 2020 election

    13. if we had the same income distribution today as we had in 1979, the bottom 80 percent would have about an extra $1 trillion each year and the top 1 percent would have about $1 trillion less.

      Need to go back to financial systems of the past?

    14. roughly the same gap in life expectancy as exists between the U.S. and Nigeria.

      Strong comparison

    15. factory closings and lack of job retraining, corporate greed and irresponsibility, assaults on labor unions, stingy social welfare, mass incarceration and so on

      all contribute against working class

    16. class warfare

      conflict between the classes based on financial/social inequality

    17. this is America’s cancer.

      intense metaphor, shows seriousness of the corrupt system

    18. Great wealth has translated into immense political power, which is then leveraged to multiply that wealth and power all over again

      A system where the rich keep getting richer

    19. the 400 richest American households paid a lower average tax rate than any other income group

      Rich being taxed less than the working class

    1. If we avoid talking about our values about race and the experiences of marginalized people, strangers on the internet will be happy to share theirs.

      We need to talk about it! If kids are left confused, they will go to the wrong place for answers.

    2. They “go to these places and they promise them paradise,” he says.

      So crazy to think about.

    3. Many kids feel out of place, frustrated and misunderstood, and are vulnerable to the idea that someone else is responsible for their discontent.

      I have heard of this before- groups pulling in young kids who want to feel like they belong somewhere.

    4. We want to raise them to be the kind of men

      This is very important. Everyone needs to be raised with good morals so we can start to move past all of this gross, negative, stuff.

    5. He was shocked and embarrassed when I pointed out the actual message: that it would have been better if the Holocaust had continued.

      Looking and liking pictures without realizing what they are of

    6. “triggered.”

      when you are inclined to feel a certain way about something (usually a bad way)

    7. In the past year, a total of 12 worshipers were killed in the U.S. in two hate-motivated attacks on synagogues in Pittsburgh and San Diego

      So much hate going on in the world

    8. terrifying reminders that we must prevent our sons from becoming indoctrinated by a growing racist movement that thrives online and causes real-life devastation.

      Which is interesting and unfortunate

    9. He was shocked and embarrassed when I pointed out the actual message: that it would have been better if the Holocaust had continued

      Very important to be careful on what we like and share.

    10. “triggered.”

      Common used nowadays when teenagers feel a certain way (not good) towards something or someone

    1. The most urgent imperative now is to turn our fear and frustration into votes.

      so important

    2. People keep asking: Is it too late?

      Such a crazy question.. how can anyone know for sure

    3. I remember sitting with Dr. Hansen in his NASA office the week he retired, in 2013, wondering along with him when the public revolt over the climate crisis would finally begin.

      I wonder this too. When is everyone going to come together to make a change?

    4. to prevent more death and destruction.

      We are still trying to prevent more bad things from happening.

    5. The scientists knew long ago, and told us, that the sea would invade the coasts.

      No one has changed anything!

    6. Today, we act surprised as the climate emergency descends upon us in all its ferocity.

      Everyone is acting surprised.

    7. Or we can be as brave as a schoolgirl and decide that now is the time to stand up and fight.

      Strong conclusion, makes you ask yourself what you can do

    8. Republican Party lies about this issue while the Democratic Party hides from it.

      Both parties in the wrong, refreshing from the usual blame on one party or the other

    9. laws with teeth

      Bite down and take action

    10. The most urgent imperative now is to turn our fear and frustration into votes.

      Call to action: VOTE

    11. Yes, in some sense it is.

      Not going to be able to prevent a lot of things from happening, but can work to lessen the blow

    12. public revolt over the climate crisis

      Finally happened roughly 5-6 years later

    13. heedlessly

      carelessly

    14. But even the scientists did not quite foresee the way that bone-dry vegetation would turn into a firebomb waiting for a spark.

      Even worse than they thought

    15. we act surprised

      We all saw this coming, just didn't know it would be this soon. Snuck up on everyone.

    16. slithered

      Snake metaphor

    17. All of it was predicted, in general outline, decades ago.

      Scientists of the past warned us about the consequences of producing so much waste and harmful gases, but we didn't listen and now we're paying for it

    18. Older people forced the youth into this situation by our dereliction, and now we must not let them carry the battle alone.

      Sadly those who created the mess are not the ones cleaning it up

    19. The climate troglodytes must be thrown out of office, starting with Donald J. Trump.

      the author is anti trump which says a lot about his political stance

    20. If we do not move far more aggressively, it could spiral entirely out of control.

      the writer thinks we need to move faster, we need to be efficient

    21. Under the unlikely leadership of a brave 16-year-old schoolgirl from Sweden, Greta Thunberg, we are marching in the streets now by the millions.

      young people have been taking a stand and are not afraid to face wrath

    22. At any time in these last three decades, we could have woken up.

      we need to place blame on ourselves just as much as we do others

    23. The largest utility in the state, Pacific Gas & Electric, has already been propelled into bankruptcy by fire liabilities it calculates at $30 billion

      we put money above our life as a whole

    24. desiccated

      dried out

    25. The scientists knew long ago, and told us, that the sea would invade the coasts.

      our stubbornness is costing us

    26. All of it was predicted, in general outline, decades ago

      It's scary that predictions about climate change are coming true because of the current statements and predictions

    1. A speech community typically inherits its member-ship by birth, accident or adoption; a discourse community recruits its mem-bers by persuasion, training or relevant qualification.

      This seems interesting. It is basically saying that in Swales's perspective, he sees speech communities as something that people join through accident or birth, but with discourse communities, Swales sees it as having to actively recruit members into their ranks in order to thrive.

    2. He is good, however, at highlighting his main claims and defining his terms, so if you pay close attention, he should clear up most of your confusion. If he uses terms that he does not define, and with which you are not familiar (for example, lexis), be sure to take a moment to look them up in a dictionary.

      Swales's writing style

    3. parochiality

      Unsure of this word. If an issue or matter is parochial, it is trivial or only concerns a local area. Someone with a parochial mentality would be narrow-minded and is not open to new ideas.

    4. discourse community has a broadly agreed set of common public goals. 11 These public goals may be formally inscribed in documents (as is often the case with associations and clubs), or they may be more tacit. The goals are public,

      Discourse is important as this is how we communicate in the social world that we live and work in.

    5. style of Swales's writing

    6. He is good, however, at highlighting his main claims and defining his terms, so if you pay close attention, he should clear up most of your confusion. If he uses terms that he does not define, and with which you are not familiar (for example, lexis), be sure to take a moment to look them up in a dictionary. You need to use the six characteristics he

      This paragraph is talking about how as a reader you should analyze how writers have a sense of style, and that even though you may be confused, you should pause and learn parts of the reading that are unclear.

    7. disseminate

      Don't know this word

    8. Be aware that Swales's style of writing is a little dry and for· mal, and he may use specialized linguistic terms that you don't understand

      Genre in reading

    9. linguistics

      Don't know this word

    1. Recocid

      Produce una estructura de grano de carburo esférico o globular en el acero dándole la máxima blandura y ductilidad, esto se logra a nivel microscópico cambiando las partículas alargadas y duras de carburo contenidas en el acero, en formas esféricas con diámetro y distribución convenientes.

    2. Trata

      Tratamiento térmico cuya finalidad es el ablandamiento, la recuperación de la estructura o la eliminación de tensiones internas generalmente en metales.

    3. ESPECTROLAB 2

      Espectrómetro estacionario de emisión óptica por arco y chispa, para todos los metales en procesos primarios y con una cobertura analítica desde 120 a 780 nm

    1. Best Overall: SanDisk Extreme PRO 128 GB Drive 3.5 Buy on Amazon The SanDisk PRO gives you blistering speeds, offering 420 MB/s on the reading front and 380 MB/s on the writing end, which is 3–4x faster than what a standard USB 3.0 drive will offer. The sleek, aluminum casing is both super durable and very eye-catching, so you can bring it with you to your business meetings and look professional as well. The onboard AES, 128-bit file encryption gives you top-of-the-line security for your sensitive files.
    1. CONCLUSIONES

      Se determinó que la temperatura ideal es de 870 C para el acero AISI/SAE1045

    2. Rocwell C (HRC)

      El ensayo de dureza Rockwell constituye el método más usado para medir la dureza debido a que es muy simple de llevar a cabo y no requiere conocimientos especiales.

    3. MEDICIONES DE DUREZA

      Debido a que el objetivo del templado es incrementar la dureza del acero, se realizaron mediciones de dureza por el método de Rocwell C (HRC).

    Annotators

    1. extend to them our alliance and protection, till they shall have acquired strength

      Jefferson explains the proposition that the US should evict the enslaved people and support them in the creation of a separate country. This was probably contrived from the Haitian revolution.

    2. produce convulsions which will probably never end but in the extermination of the one or the other race

      Makes an argument that one race would always the feel contempt towards the other due to the atrocities committed.

    3. The man, in whose favour no laws of property exist, probably feels himself less bound to respect those made in favour of others

      Someone who has nothing longs more for those things that he does not have than those who takes it for granted.

    4. It is not their condition then, but nature, which has produced the distinction

      Differentiating based on race. He again argues that, since those enslaved in the US are of a different and 'lesser' race than their masters, it is a more ethical version than what the Romans practiced where the master and those enslaved were often both of the same race.

    5. Here punishment falls on the guilty only, and as precise proof is required against him as against a freeman

      This is not an act of mercy but rather a calculation, not wanting to 'wast' that enslaved peoples working years.

    6. The exposing them is a crime of which no instance has existed with us

      Slaves often worked through the winter and summer over exposed in the US. Many did die and get ill from over exposure to the elements as well as poor living conditions.

    7. to raise a child cost the master more than to buy one

      This is the same grim calculation that many US enslavers did to justify the poor conditions that lead slaves to an early death

    8. was much more deplorable

      The enslaved in Rome were generally prisoners brought back from war not civilians captured to be sold. What is more, how do you think that Jefferson would know the differences between the enslaved that lived 1800 years ago and those that are spread out over the americas?

    9. The improvement of the blacks in body and mind, in the first instance of their mixture with the whites

      Seems to try to justify slavery by saying that the enslaved lives are somehow enlightened by those that enslave them.

    10. His subjects should often have led him to a process of sober reasoning

      The lives of slaves were brutal so and with little education so the poetry produced that Jefferson saw will not be similar to those made by scholars behind desks.

    11. Among the blacks is misery enough, God knows, but no poetry

      Again most enslaved people were not taught literacy.

    12. In music they are more generally gifted than the whites

      He tries to argue that the enslaved are incapable of creating art, yet he seems to fold admitting that he has seen a considerable amount of music come from them.

    13. The Indians, with no advantages of this kind

      Jefferson's racism extended beyond that of African-descended people.

    14. Some have been liberally educated

      This only happened on rare occasion as this was a time when only rich males were generally well educated

    15. and born in America

      Slavery was hereditary

    16. as I think one could scarcely be found capable of tracing and comprehending the investigations of Euclid

      The enslaved were often prohibited from being educated. The literacy rate among the enslaved is estimated to be 5-10%

    17. An animal whose body is at rest, and who does not reflect, must be disposed to sleep of course

      Again he tries to draw similarities between animals and enslaved.

    18. to be more an eager desire, than a tender delicate mixture of sentiment and sensation

      While many enslaved tried to protect their spouses, enslavers would often rape their female slaves while being unfaithful to their wives. Who seems to be more have a more "tender delicate love".

    19. They are at least as brave, and more adventuresome

      Many African-descended people fought valiantly in the revolutionary war while Jefferson was in Paris.

    20. They seem to require less sleep

      He makes these statements from behind a desk without actually experimenting. He likely just assumes that the enslaved needed less sleep because they were often pushed to the edge human exhaustion.

    21. which gives them a very strong and disagreeable odour

      The fowl oder is likely due to the lack of sanitary conditions the enslaved people were forced to live in as apposed to Jefferson's pseudo science theories.

    1. ator of me

      The vocabulary plays a huge role in the shift of our thinking of duties of teachers and as ourselves as teachers. I feel a lot more valuable and respected with this different set of terminology

    2. inside and outside the classroom

      Our role of teacher doesn't end when we leave the building and I appreciate that is acknowledged

    3. pplauds with enthusiasm

      Whenever we have an assignment that asks us to list the roles of a teacher it feels infinite, what don't we do? And we do all of it out love and respect for the child. We wear so many hats.

    4. isolated and egocentri

      The more I am able to observe and focus on the children the more empathy and kindness I see across all age ranges.Today, I was lucky enough to work with a variety of ages. In the infant classroom one little girl would hand a tambourine to a teacher then the teacher would hand it back making the little girl smile, the little girl handed the tambourine back to the teacher and the teacher smiled and the little girl smiled at that. In the almost two year old classroom a little girl was crying and a little boy brought over a toy giraffe to make her feel better. I really admire that Malaguzzi took the stand against all other theories stating that children are isolated/egocentric because it's so evident that they live in a social, empathetic world from an extremely young age.

    1. one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish

      antithesis

    2. While the inaugural address was being delivered from this place, devoted altogether to saving the Union without war, insurgent agents were in the city seeking to destroy it without war

      Parallelism - "without war"

    Annotators

    1. Je ne distingue plus le présent du futur

      Après l'espace, c'est maintenant le temps qui est flouté.

    2. Il ne vit pas, non, mais il n’est pas non plus inanimé.

      Un peu comme le narrateur lorsqu'il a la Nausée ?

    1. The degree of development of the sensory and motor capabilities of the brain in neonates during strict lactation is remarkable.

      I have always heard that breast-feeding a child is better for them than bottle feeding, though I had never really understood why. I suppose people are speaking on the beneficial microbes that are present in breast milk, or even the microbes that can be transmitted from the mothers epithelium. I am eager to look into studies comparing the immune health of a child that was breast-fed vs. bottle fed.

    2. Milk also includes urea and oxalate, two end-products of human metab-olism. Why would nature include such indigestible molecules in the diet of young mammals?

      This makes me wonder if all mammalian breast milk contains generally the same beneficial microbes? If not, I wonder if there is an affect on the gut microbiota of humans that consume cows milk vs. that of a vegans. I'm sure the overall makeup of the gut microbiota would be vastly different, but I wonder if that plays a role in other micro-scale functions.

    3. shared for excretion and reproduction. Placental mammals evolved separate canals for reproduction (vagina), excretion of faeces (anus) and urine (urethra), and the birth canal is always adjacent to the rectum (but not the urethra), providing an efficient mechanism for intergenerational transmission of both vaginal and gut microbes.

      Are the authors suggesting that this aspect of mammalian evolution was in part to reduce the risk of infection that comes with a single canal? It certainly makes sense given that prolonged labour increases the risk for infection. I wonder if there is a correlation between longer the exposure to maternal vaginal and fecal microbes and the overall immune health of the infant.

    4. The gut25 and vaginal26 maternal microbiota change with gestation, and whether or not these changes have adaptive value for the mother or baby is still unknown. It has been suggested that they allow the fetus to derive energy from the mother’s blood, more efficiently,25 or that butyrate-producing bacteria may sustain gut epithelial functions and promote immune tolerance in the mother

      This would be a fascinating concept of phenotypic plasticity to explore. Perhaps further comparisons of maternal and non-maternal microbiota during gestation would lead to new information on its potential adaptive value. I believe that it must yield a certain level of adaptive value, whether that is effieciency of nutrient uptake or an immune protective "barrier". It would also be facinating to know what triggers this colony-wide microbiota change during gestation. Perhaps an increase in estrogen or progesterone plays a role in signaling.

    5. Indeed, prolonged labour poses a risk of infection by opportunistic microbionts

      Would the combination of a prolonged birth followed by a c-section yield a larger difference between the maternal and offspring microbiome? I wonder how a prolonged birth allows for higher infection risk. I found an article describing how postpartum breastfeeding and antibiotics can also alter the microbiome which goes to show how sensitive an infants microbiome truly is.

    6. By coevolving with the host, the microbiome has shaped phenotypes in our ancestral lineages

      This makes me wonder if the host or the symbiont has a larger effect consistently on the other during evolution. Maybe as the host evolves, it triggers the symbiont to evolve or vice versa

    7. Selective pressures that are shaping microbiome char-acteristics within high-income countries may include prenatal and postnatal antibiotics exposure, dietary antimicrobials, toothpaste, soaps and perhaps even consumption of chlorinated water.

      1) I never understood how much the microbiome has an affect on an organism 2) I didn't know that the microbiome could be so sensitive to change--- accidentally swallowing chlorinated water and can result in a change in your microbiome blows my mind!

    8. hosts evolved an immune system, which prevents microbial colonisation in the topological interior of the body

      I'm curious to what extent mothers impact the microbiome at birth and whether or not a C-section would leave a child with a weaker immune system?

    9. Understanding the coevolution of milk glycans, the immune system and gut bacteria in infancy across mammals may be critical in improving human health in infants and provides a translational model for modulation of the gut microbiota

      I know a lot of women in today's world that freeze their extra breast milk and give it to mothers who cannot breastfeed, for various reasons, to give to their own babies. I don't really know how I feel about this process, but maybe it could help solve the problem of synthetic milk for infants that is not so synthetic. I had no idea that breast milk has any role in the microbiome and it would be interesting to read up more on how breast milk and different formulas affect infants .

    10. Thus, an animal holobiont (the animal host and its evolved microbial communities)3 spans the phylo-genetic tree: the animal host, plus its associated microbiota such as bacteria, archaea, fungi, protists, helminths and viruses (figure1)

      Would this mean that most animals have more similar than different microbiomes? If so, would discoveries made in microbiomes of other mammals be readily useful for humans?

    11. efficacy,

      In clinical terms, "efficacy" refers to the level of success a treatment achieves.

    12. Babies could have their predisease micro-biota restored, and adults too, particularly women, who play a particularly important role in transmitting the human microbiota to the next generation.

      This is an interesting thought. I would like to know more about how this process would work. Would this actually be beneficial? Would reintroducing the microbiota actually work to be a "self-transplant". I understand the concerns with the regulations among the FDA, but I would like to know if tests have been conducted and more information has been recorded on this idea.

    13. The microbiota seems to exert effects on the next generation from gestation, via maternal microbiota and immune responses.

      I am still super interested in the comparative effects of being born vaginally v.s. c-section on the microbiome. I did a quick search on the differences and some researches say that there is an impact on the immune system later in life if born by c-section (weaker immune system). It is also known that c-section babies lack Bacteroides phylum that vaginal babies are exposed to when being born. C-section babies are also more prone to allergies, asthma, and obesity which blows my mind being a c-section baby myself. haha

    14. Bacteria acquired during labour include lactic acid bacteria that digest lactose, and others that use substrates that are indigestible for the babies (indi-gestible milk glycans knownashumanmilkoligosaccharides, or HMOs),38 39with polymorphisms, such as in fucose trans-ferase gene FUT2, associated with selective effects of HMOs on the infant microbiota composition,40 which in turn can affect the susceptibility to immune diseases later in life

      In this excerpt where it says “bacteria acquired during labor...” I assume this refers to vaginal births. With that assumption made this makes sense to a connection I can make in my own life. I was born via C section and when I was a baby I could not drink milk of any kind and was placed on a soy formula. If this passage is referring to the idea that bacteria required to digest lactose, etc. are acquired through vaginal birth that makes sense as to why as a baby my body could not! Interesting connection!

    15. Whether the primordial inoculum contains most microbes that will be nurtured by the child, and which maternal strains colonise which parts of the baby’s body and their func-tions, the paternal and sibling contribution along with the infant’s microbial diversity33 and the extent to which modern practices reduce intergenerational transmission, are still not completely understood. C-section as intrapartum antibiotics during vaginal delivery alter bacterial colonisation in the neonates

      This is an interesting point explaining that there is still much that is unknown about the topic. This excerpt goes on to explain that we understand that maternal strains colonize with different parts of the infants body yet we are still unsure of all of their functions as well as if there is more that contributes to what it may be. It is also and interesting point to mention that there may be a difference in outcomes when comparing a vaginal birth to a C section birth due to the fact that with a C section birth they would not have that exposure to the microbes in the vagina. I would be very interested in seeing what the differences in these two are.

    1. but never my pedagogy.

      Is this being represented as a positive?

    2. "On page 8, paragraph 3, line 8 of the Student Handbook, it states that if all of the first-class seats on all of the nonstop flights to a student’s hometown are booked then the student is fully entitled to demand that their professor create an online exam to be taken anytime during the following semester"

      Seems like a strange thing for a handbook to say, but if it's in there, seems kosher. More seriously, negative judgments attached to a student's request for instructors to follow administratively determined policy seem strange. Presumably those administrative determinations are codifications of institutional values?

    3. Gives too much feedback to instructors

      SOUP.

    4. Skipped too many classes: student did not pass

      FERPA

    5. with the same deferential respect he receives from his colleagues,

      ... more Kyriarchy.

    6. McContingent

      Kyriarchy

    7. crystal-clear grading criteria

      ...

    8. Attendance, with the lowest rating being Dismissed from the course for failing to meet the university’s attendance requirement.

      Again, FERPA.

    9. purchased and brought the book to every class but with no visible cracks in the spine,

      Takes good care of the book? (Which is, in the grander scheme, moralistic value neutral.)

    10. (2) Level of Effort Exerted (extraterrestrial, semi-extraterrestrial, subterranean or alien)

      Effort isn't quantifiable, I'd argue.

    11. How could such a website be anything but a win-win for all?

      FERPA

    12. students know far more about their instructors than their instructors will ever know about them.

      Seems like a design challenge for instructors--what systems can be put in place to come to know students? (Ironically, the general thrust of this satirical article is a barrier as shaming motivates hiding behaviors...)

    1. The comfortable ergonomic sophistication of Klismos is rooted in the contours and proportions of the human body.

      The curves remind me of an animal leg or something similar

    1. tratamiento térmico

      el recocido es un tratamiento isotérmico solo en 1 etapa de las 3 que principalmente lo conforman. Se calienta hasta cierta temperatura (etapa 1), se mantiene a esa temperatura por un determinado tiempo(etapa 2 isotérmica) y por ultimo se deja enfriar lentamente.

    1. austenizar la pieza

      consiste en crear una austenita en la estructura del acero. La austenita se utiliza para ser transformada en otras fases en un tratamiento térmico posterior.

    1. That the good soulis harmonized and, being a harmony, has within itself another harmony,whereas the evil soul is both itself a lack of harmony and has no otherwithin itself?

      If they agree that an evil soul is a lack of harmony then that would go against the premise that all souls are equal in that they are all harmonious. -Matys

    2. This then is death, the destruction of the soul, sincethe body is always being destroyed

      Could another way of framing this be that we are in a perpetual state of death? -Matys

    3. Then if someone breaks the lyre, cuts or breaks thestrings, and then insists, using the same argument as you, that the har-mony must still exist and is not destroyed because it would be impossiblefor the lyre and the strings, which are mortal, still to exist when the stringsare broken

      The memory of the harmony would still live on even if the lyre is destroyed and can no longer be played. -Matys

    Annotators

    1. Shelbourne

      The Shelbourne is currently a hotel on Saint Stephens Green, the largest square in Dublin. Found in 1824, the hotel is named after William Petty, the second Earl of Shelburne. Shelburne once lived at the location and served as the Prime Minister of England from 1782 to 1783. According to its website, the hotel has historically catered to the international elite (“Timeless”). During the Easter Rising of 1916, the hotel was taken by British troops attempting to dispel the rebellion. Later in 1922, it was again taken. Garrisoned a second time by the army of the Free State, it played host to the first Constitutional drafting of Ireland (O'Hara).

      References: “A Timeless Historic Hotel in Dublin.” The Shelbourne, www.theshelbourne.com/history.

      O'Hara, Leonie. "Dublin's Shelbourne Hotel has witnessed key events in Irish History." Irish Central, Mar. 29, 2018, www.irishcentral.com/roots/shelbourne-hotel-history.

    1. Secure by night and blest by day,Shall pass her happy hours;Within her peaceful bowers.

      Because Ethiopia wasn’t a colonized country I feel that this poem is a poem of African pride. Speaking on the beauty of freedom in the country.

    1. there was a moment when the living language – which I'd heard spoken around me when I was growing up – suddenly revealed itself to me,

      Makes a deep personal connection to how understanding language now has unlocked many memories now by understanding what the people around him were saying.

    2. I speak French with my sons, unless my Korean wife is there, in which case we'll use English. If we don't want the kids to understand everything we're saying, we use Korean.

      This quote exemplifies language barriers that happen in many households who speak multiple languages.

    3. I'm increasingly drawn to dead and endangered languages, and want to set up a polyglot academy where people with similar interests to mine can flourish.

      Expresses how the only way to save a dying language is to learn it and have a community of people speak it.

    4. it makes me more confident. If I were kidnapped tomorrow and dropped in an unknown region, I think there are only a few very remote areas I'd struggle to make myself understood.

      Stefen establishes this example to show how learning different languages has allowed him to be more connected to the world as a community by relinquishing language barriers between himself and people from all over the world.

    5. But to have the language come alive you have to speak it, to live it. Now, I find when I'm immersed in a language, I have another, more garrulous persona.

      This point goes on about how learning language can be fully realized and be fluent in is to be able to take part in understanding the life of a native speaker; learn one's culture.

    6. The more of them you know, the more you see how inter-related they are.

      continues to expand inter-related connections between languages and most likely will expand in how culture will play a role.

    7. never studied Swedish, but when I heard it spoken around me, it seemed to combine elements of languages I was familiar with. All it took was three weeks and I was able to hold my own in complex conversations.

      He is expanding on the connections between different languages. Reveals the similarities in words from past learning made learning languages easier.

    1. She never once looked my way except at the end of the session to say “Time’s up!” Only then did she notice the tears streaming down my face, mostly because of the onions but probably partly because of how I felt.

      Im guessing this felt like a good feeling to the narrator because the person who she really admires had notice how she felt and eventually asked if she was okay.

    2. It was an honor to be assigned to her, yet I’d heard she was a busy lady who had a problem with multitasking.

      I had gone through this kind of situation. During high school I was a dance officer and I always had to come back to my director. My director was always busy and never really had time to do everything at once but I had always admired to be one of her officers.

    3. omniscient

      I know someone who is 'omniscient'. The definition of this word means, "knowing everything" and I do believe that the person I recognize this trait in, is very omniscient and wants everything to go their way or no way. Believes everything they say should be noted and is always wanting to be right.

    4. Danielle was a former client who, after working her way through a web of internships and contacts, had become the assistant to one of the biggest names in television news.

      This shows that you have to start somewhere and you will eventually get to where you want to be, that is if you put your all in it.

    5. When we try to do something new, we don’t know what we’re doing. That’s the biggest challenge.

      I bet most of us had felt this way before or maybe is feeling it right now. I think it's good to try something new sometimes because you know, it could possibly open more doors for you and potentially make you more intelligent etc. Challenges are good for us. Imagine a world without challenges and have everything handed to us (It sounds amazing) but who doesn't like to challenge themselves a little?

    1. Adorn'd and crown'd I'd have her come, With all her queenly grace, And, 'mid my lords and mighty men, Unveil her lovely face.

      Throughout the semester and up until now we have read about the image of women and how they were treated and scorned back in the solve times. But to read this poem its a breath of fresh air. She talks about Vashti in such a positive and uplifting way. Which gives us a different view of the image of woman back then.

    1. Can you blame me that I did not see Beneath his burning kiss The serpent’s wiles, nor even hear The deadly adder hiss?

      She references the man to a serpent which is seen as sneaky, or a enemy of some sort. A lot of men choose the wrong men to love and it bites them later down the line.

    1. His love has been a joyous light    That o’er her pathway smiled, A fountain gushing ever new,    Amid life’s desert wild.

      All the slave mother had was her son as hope and the last love and memory fo where she had him at which was their homeland in Africa. But now he is being sold so that happiness and love will be gone from her life. The treatment and trauma these kids and mothers had to go through is sick. Throughout the years of slavery until now mothers still have to deal with this, particularly black mothers. Their children specifically their sons becomes slaves to the street life and they either end up dead or in jail. So it will always be that void of losing a child to a lot of mothers.

  2. bibdigital.epn.edu.ec bibdigital.epn.edu.ec
    1. Siguiendo la metodología y el algoritmo desarrollado, es factible determinar con precisión la templabilidad de cualquier pieza de acero. Para ello resulta indispensable el conocer con precisión el marcaje del acero así como la composición química del mismo.

      Un acero que contiene sólo 0.6% de C es hipoeutectoide y operaría a 700°C sin formar austenita; el acero que de otra forma sería igual y que contiene 6% de Mn es hipereutectoide y se forma austenita a 700°C

    2. La templabilidad depende esencialmente del contenido de carbono equivalente, que tiene en cuenta la presencia de elementos de aleación, teniendo algunos como el Mn, un efecto más marcado en la templabilidad, del medio de enfriamiento empleado (severidad de temple) y de la forma y dimensiones de la pieza.

      En aceros al bajo carbono, la nariz de las curvas TTT y TEC se presenta en tiempos muy cortos; en consecuencia, se requiere de magnitudes de rapidez de enfriamiento muy rápidas para producir solo martensita.

    3. Templabilidad. Este concepto expresa la capacidad que tiene un acero para alcanzar temple total hasta una determinada profundidad.

      Se entiende como temple total aquella zona donde se alcance, al menos, 50% de transformacion martensítica.

    1. Oh! poverty, danger and death she can brave, For the child of her love is no longer a slave!

      She braved herself for a better future for her child and this is something to rejoice more than rejoicing for her freedom. The child’s freedom is all she could ask for

    2. Fierce jargon and cursing, with clanking of chains, Make sounds of strange discord on Liberty’s plains.

      She has nothing to fear anymore

    3. But she’s free!—yes, free from the land where the slave From the hand of oppression must rest in the grave; Where bondage and torture, where scourges and chains Have plac’d on our banner indelible stains.

      The joy she experiences as she arrives on the free side of the country. This could possibly be the north or Canada

    4. Oh! love from its tenderness gathering might, Had strengthen’d her soul for the dangers of flight.

      Her child was her motivation

    5. The danger was fearful, the pathway was wild; But, aided by Heaven, she gained a free shore, Where the friends of humanity open’d their door.

      The journey trying to run away was very dangerous and stressful but motivation kept her running for her baby’s life and her self.

    6. Oh! how shall I speak of my proud country’s shame? Of the stains on her glory, how give them their name? How say that her banner in mockery waves— Her “star-spangled banner”—o’er millions of slaves

      The contradictory founding motivation of the land of the free. This clearly didn’t make sense because so many people were in bondage.

    7. Death howl’d in the tempest, and rav’d in the blast, But she heard not the sound till the danger was pas

      As she heard she saw her life flash before your eyes

    8. So pale in its aspect, so fair in its grace; As the tramp of the horse and the bay of the hound, With the fetters that gall, were trailing the ground!

      I guess , maybe a ran away slave scenario where the slave master would be on a horse and escorted by dogs to hunt down the run away slave.

    9. She was nearing the river—in reaching the brink, She heeded no danger, she paused not to think! For she is a mother—her child is a slave— And she’ll give him his freedom, or find him a grave!

      This reminded me of the story of Moses

    10. A woman swept by us, bearing a child; In her eye was the night of a settled despair, And her brow was o’ershaded with anguish and care.

      The mixed joy and fear of bearing a child. The child’s future was always uncertain.

    1. A child will make two dishes at an entertainment for friends; and when the family dines alone, the fore or hind quarter will make a reasonable dish, and seasoned with a little pepper or salt will be very good boiled on the fourth day, especially in winter

      ethos brings up samples to boost his credibility on the topic

    2. The number of souls in this kingdom being usually reckoned one million and a half, of these I calculate there may be about two hundred thousand couple whose wives are breeders; from which number I subtract thirty thousand couples who are able to maintain their own children, although I apprehend there cannot be so many, under the present distresses of the kingdom; but this being granted, there will remain an hundred and seventy thousand breeders. I again subtract fifty thousand for those women who miscarry, or whose children die by accident or disease within the year. There only remains one hundred and twenty thousand children of poor parents annually born.

      use of logos to back up his argument

    1. 木材と共に七十年継承してきた技術

      ああああ

    1. Twit twit twit Jug jug jug jug jug jug So rudely forc’d. Tereu

      the repetition of twit and jug creates an expected rhythm "so rudely forc'd hurry up" tells us it is a joyless routine-practiced exchange