1,925 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2024
  2. Jun 2024
  3. May 2024
    1. for - Brehon Laws - of early Ireland - etymology - glossary - reading between the lines - adjacency - Brehon Laws - Indyweb - reading between the lines - glossary

      adjacency - between - Brehon Laws - Indyweb - reading between the lines - etymology - glossary - adjacency relationship - Brehon Laws of early Ireland emerged from the people themselves over many generations - and were not imposed by some authority - For a long time, these laws were orally transmitted and memorized - When writing emerged, the style of writing used by the early Irish was to write with many gaps in between written verses of text - for the purpose of readers to be able to be writers and contribute to the text with their own perspectives - In other words, they were early annotators! - The etymology of the world glossary comes from "gloss" from the practice of writing meaning between the lines - "Glosses were common in the Middle Ages, usually rendering Hebrew, Greek, or Latin words into vernacular Germanic, Celtic, or Romanic. Originally written between the lines, later in the margins." ( https://www.etymonline.com/word/glossary)

      source - Zoom meeting this evening with Paul and Trace, as Paul introduced from his understanding of his Irish roots

  4. Mar 2024
  5. Feb 2024
    1. The purported reason seems to be the claim that some people find "master" offensive. (FWIW I'd give that explanation more credence if the people giving it seem to be offended themselves rather than be offended on behalf of someone else. But whatever, it's their repo.)
    1. summer of 2019.

      Hard to believe this was so long ago--pre-pandemic...

    2. Because, scholars are annotators.

      Recently saw some original Copernicus books "annotated" (read censored) by the church.

    3. Reflecting on how new digital tools have re-invigorated annotation and contributed to the creation of their recent book, they suggest annotation presents a vital means by which academics can re-engage with each other and the wider world.

      Returning to this after several years reflection...

    1. Different people can read the world differently just as they can readdifferent types of texts differently

      the fact of reading the world differently is conditioned by people's background, education, and experiences.

  6. Jan 2024
    1. Drag and drop a document to annotate it. Works with .pdf, .doc, .docx, .odt, .xls, .xlsx, .ods, .ppt, .pptx, .odp, .rtf, .epub and .csv files. .doc, .docx, .odt, .ppt, .pptx, .odp and .rtf are converted to .pdf. .xls and .xlsx and .ods are converted to .csv. You can also annotate PDFs inside Google Drive by authorizing Hypothes.is within your Google account. Hypothes.is PDF Annotator will be listed under the "Open with" option for PDF files upon authorization. (Uninstall). Privacy Policy. To easily open YouTube videos for annotation, use the bookmarklet. Drag this link to the bookmarks bar, or right-click/control-click to bookmark the link: DropDoc Bookmarklet The annotation functionality is enabled by Hypothes.is. The code for this site is open source. This is a personal project to explore different ideas and is maintained by Dan Whaley. I’d be delighted to hear any feedback at @dwhly. The intention is to keep the site up and running, but no guarantee around the preservation of documents is made. As an aside, annotations against PDFs or EPUBs with your Hypothes.is account, are discoverable on that PDF or EPUB regardless of its location (Background). As long as you have the original PDF somewhere, you'll always be able to see your annotations on it with Hypothes.is.


      Drag and drop a document to annotate it,

      or paste a YouTube video URL.

      Works with .pdf, .doc, .docx, .odt, .xls, .xlsx, .ods, .ppt, .pptx, .odp, .rtf, .epub and .csv files. .doc, .docx, .odt, .ppt, .pptx, .odp and .rtf are converted to .pdf. .xls and .xlsx and .ods are converted to .csv.

      You can also annotate PDFs inside Google Drive by authorizing Hypothes.is within your Google account.

      Hypothes.is PDF Annotator will be listed under the "Open with" option for PDF files upon authorization.

      To easily open YouTube videos for annotation, use the bookmarklet.

      The annotation functionality is enabled by Hypothes.is. The code for this site is open source.

      This is a personal project to explore different ideas and is maintained by Dan Whaley. I’d be delighted to hear any feedback at @dwhly.

    1. [With Zeplin] we started to engage both UX and engineering teams in the same conversations and suddenly that opened our eyes to what was going on, and overall streamlined our build process.

      may need new tag: combining/bringing different audiences together in the same conversation/context/tool

    1. The third is the brain of the observer. This is also a strong element in film criticism where the camera is the third eye, the eye of the artificial narrator. The most intelligent film about the third eye spying on the action is `Snake Eyes,' where we last saw Gugino. (You may want to check my comments on that film to see what I mean.)
    1. https://web.archive.org/web/20240106090941/https://web.hypothes.is/blog/ebook-partnership/

      Hypothes.is announced a partnership to bring annotation to epub e-books in 2017, but after 2018 no mention of it on their blog. Mailed them to ask about any progress since. Read someone's msg on Masto that they have trouble keeping epub annotations connected to the book (unlike e.g. my kindle annotations that reside in the book, but also are linked back to the location by my obsidian kindle plugin, maintaining the connection and reference. epub is xhtml so it should be doable.

      epub is part of w3c standards (cause xhtml)

  7. Dec 2023
    1. s this: Adnan stolemoney from the mosque

      Totally different perspective with the previous one. But does this implies that he is a bad guy?

    2. urban legend t

      Adman’s event becomes a warning story for the community

    3. Information and gossip travels swiftly, and you don’t want to be the one that goes againstthe grain, or says something that could hurt Adnan or his parents

      This is what rumors always do to us, even influences our family

    4. On the other end of the scale was a story so incriminating that we thought, well if this one is truethen we’re done, our story is over and we can all go home

      Because of knowing the ending of the story( Hae being killed), we will have a kind of power to think the details in the ways which can consist to the event. However, being hurry wanted to find the truth is not a good way because we might ignore some evidence

    5. rdly. Nobody is saying, “Isaw him do it” or “I have proof

      Nobody really knows the truth but still spreading the things the think is right

    1. One of the advantages of this media extended plugin is that it can handle more than just YouTube videos. It can handle videos and also some audio notes as well. And I don't think I've tried it with anything else but really I just need YouTube videos.

      Video Title: Taking notes from YouTube videos in Obsidian

      Various ways and plugins to annotate or take notes on videos (e.g. YouTube) in Obsidian

      Audio notes? How?

    1. 你們從來就不是我們--從《費城Philadelphia》談職場歧視心理學 《法客心法影劇組》Eye on Forensic Psych: TV Drama & Films


    1. Apart from this kind of sharing, you can also export a single highlight as a beautiful image to share on social media or other places. The image design is very elegant, much better than simply copying text.


    1. Supported document types 📃 You can save documents of all kinds to Reader including web articles, RSS feeds, email newsletters, PDFs, EPUBs, Twitter threads, Twitter Lists, and YouTube videos

      Great. YouTube is officially supported. Good to see Twitter/X. How about Facebook and LinkedIn posts?

    1. ne way that I can capture this is by using the readwise reader extension which you can see in the upper right hand corner of my screen it's the yellow r I'm going to click on this and now you can see that there's a bar at the top one thing I love about the read-wise highlighter extension is that it allows you to read and highlight and still capture all of that information into reader and the read wise app ecosystem overall without breaking context

      in-place annotation so you don't break focus on the current view, whatever it is.

    2. there are more media types that the team is working on it's heavily text oriented right now but I wouldn't be surprised if they came out with more audio or video related features because I know in the PKM space those are high in demand

      Yes! Video and audio for me!

    1. Readwise Reader

      A great article on the history of reading online that might just nudge me into trying out and eventually becoming a Reader paid subscriber.

    1. I disagree. What is expressed is an attempt to solve X by making something that should maybe be agnostic of time asynchronous. The problem is related to design: time taints code. You have a choice: either you make the surface area of async code grow and grow or you treat it as impure code and you lift pure synchronous logic in an async context. Without more information on the surrounding algorithm, we don't know if the design decision to make SymbolTable async was the best decision and we can't propose an alternative. This question was handled superficially and carelessly by the community.

      superficially and carelessly?

    2. The problem with this pile of questions is that, instead of helping the OP get out of the X Y problem, people stay focussed on Y, mark the question as a duplicate of Y in a matter of minutes and X is never properly addressed.

      sticking too much to policy/habit instead of addressing the specific needs of individuals? too much eagerness to close / mark as duplicate?

  8. Nov 2023
    1. It would have been fantastic to eschew this ridiculousness, because we all make fun of branded vulnerabilities too, but this was not the right time to make that stand.
    1. dass für das Element <head> in der TEI das Attribut @placenicht zur Verfügung steht, mit dem diese Positionierung (analog zu der Position von Randbemerkungen,siehe dazu die entsprechenden Beispiele unten) angegeben werden könnte. Um nicht den Rahmen derTEI-Vorgaben verlassen zu müssen, das Phänomen aber dennoch kodieren zu können, wurde innerhalbdes DTABf-M festgelegt, dass die ggf. abweichende Position von Überschriften anstatt mit @place durchdas im Element <head> verfügbare Attribut @type festgelegt wird. Somit konnte an dieser Stelleein Kompromiss zwischen genereller TEI-Konformität und individueller Expressivität gefunden werden.Vgl. dazu auch Haaf/Thomas 2017, Abs. 49 und Anm. 39.

      Dieser Fallback ist jetzt (bzw. seit 2017 mit Release TEI P5 version 3.2.0, Date: 2017-07-10) nicht mehr notwendig, siehe dazu auch https://github.com/cthomasdta/diss-avhkv/issues/5.

    1. It might be not obvious for most of you, but behind the scenes I'm neurodivegent, specifically #ActuallyAutistic2 3, so I'm mostly in limited availability, not only for my mental health.

      TODO Update FAQ

  9. Oct 2023
    1. a small dog.


    2. Poe's source for his detective is the philosophic protagonist of Voltaire's Zadig

      Poe's source of inspiration

    3. I do not mean to say they are not ingenious — but people think they are more ingenious than they are — on account of their method and air of method

      Characteristic of the reader in writer's mind

    4. It is the ancestor of a vast number of works which have given much harmless pleasure to all sorts and conditions of men

      It has a profound effect

  10. Sep 2023
    1. “If now, in addition to all these things, you have properly reflected upon the odd disorder of the chamber, we have gone so far as to combine the ideas of {dd}an agility astounding, a strength superhuman,{dd} a ferocity brutal, a butchery without motive, a grotesquerie{e} in horror absolutely alien from humanity, and a voice foreign in tone to the ears of men{f} of many nations, and devoid of all distinct or intelligible syllabification. What result, then, has ensued? What impression have I made upon your fancy?”

      I love how Dupin uses "Fancy" at the end of the sentence. Since it emphasize again the case is not normal, so you have to fancy it and see it with your imagination.

    2. In a word, why did he abandon four thousand francs in gold to encumber himself with a bundle of linen? The gold was abandoned. Nearly the whole sum mentioned by Monsieur Mignaud, the banker, was discovered, in bags, upon the floor. I wish you, therefore, to discard from your thoughts the blundering idea of motive{m} engendered in the brains of the police by that portion of the evidence which speaks of money delivered at the door of the house.

      The motivation is not out of money but something peculiar.

    3. This relieves us of all doubt upon [page 549:] the question whether the old lady{c} could have first destroyed the daughter, and afterward{d} have committed suicide. I speak of this point chiefly for the sake of method; for the strength of Madame L’Espanaye would have been utterly unequal to the task of thrusting her daughter's corpse up the chimney as it was found; and the nature of the wounds upon her own person entirely preclude the idea of self-destruction. Murder, then, has been committed by some third party; and the voices of this third party were those heard in contention. Let me now advert — not to the whole testimony respecting these voices — but to what was peculiar{e} in that testimony. Did you observe any thing peculiar about it?” I remarked that, while all the witnesses agreed in supposing the gruff voice to be that of a Frenchman, there was much disagreement in regard to the shrill, or, as one individual termed it, the harsh voice.

      They know that the testimonies might already lead the observation in the wrong way, which is earlier to be accepted. However, it limits the imagination of thinking out of the box.

    4. There was something in his manner of emphasizing the word “peculiar,” which caused me to shudder, without knowing why. “No, nothing peculiar,” I said; “nothing more, at least, than we both saw stated in the paper.”

      We see that the attitudes of the narrator and Dupin toward the case are so different. And the narrator's perspective is more like usual but this case is obviously strange and peculiar as it is mentioned. Therefore, this two sentences highlight again and alert the reader - the case should be thought the other sad around.

    5. Upon reaching the first landing, heard two voices in loud and angry contention — the one a gruff voice, the other much shriller — a very strange voice. Could distinguish some words of the former, which was that of a Frenchman. Was positive that it was not a woman's voice. Could distinguish the words ‘sacré’{s} and ‘diable.’ The shrill voice was that of a foreigner. Could not be sure whether it was the voice of a man or of a woman. Could not make out what was said, but believed the language to be Spanish.{t}

      This is the first testimony mentioned the voices of the murderer, which to the point of the core characteristics of the murderer. Thus, the readers might be easily misled that the murderer is human.

    6. Did not see any person in the street at the time. It is a bye-street{f} — very lonely.

      From this testimony, we can see that it implies that no other people know the old lady had huge amount of money at home.

    7. “Several witnesses, recalled, here testified that the chimneys of all the rooms on the fourth story were too narrow to admit the passage of a human being.

      This is the first hint to ask reader think out of the box, maybe the murderer is not a regular murderer, maybe the murderer is not even a human being.

    8. You will say that it might have been the voice of an Asiatic — of an African. Neither Asiatics nor Africans abound in Paris; but, without{l} denying the inference, I will{m} now merely call your attention to three points.{n} The voice is termed by one witness ‘harsh rather than shrill.’ It is represented by two others to have been ‘quick and unequal.’ No words — no sounds{o} resembling words — were{p} by any witness mentioned as distinguishable.

      From this point, we can see that Dupin see this case from the other side. He did not take all the testimonies as the proof or observation but try to link them together to see the whole picture of the murderer.

    9. whisker

      Whisker is any of the long, stiff hairs growing on the face of a cat, mouse, or other mammal.


    10. agility

      Agility is the ability to move your body quickly and easily.


    11. Jardin des Plantes

      Jardin des Plantes is French for "Garden of the Plants."

    1. “I am now awaiting,” continued he, looking toward{z} the door of our apartment — “I am now awaiting a person who, although perhaps not the perpetrator of these butcheries, must have been{a} in some measure implicated in their perpetration. Of the worst portion of the crimes committed, it is probable that he is innocent.

      Dupin is speculating about who the person he might be and arguing that he is innocent. Dupin is right.

    2. “The Purloined Letter,”

      It is another detective short story written by Allan Poe.

    3. I do not mean to say they are not ingenious — but people think they are more ingenious than they are — on account of their method and air of method

      The author was slightly annoyed at the attention which was paid to the Dupin stories.

    1. I think it is absolutely absurd that Apple still(?) chooses to publish "complete" ""feature lists"" in Portable Document Format, of all motherfucking things, but - as always - thank fucking God for mr Hypo Thesis over here!

    1. But I’m increasingly inclined to the view that the genius of ZK is the simple fact that it forces its user to continually interact with, and create connections among their thoughts and the thoughts of others.To the extent that’s correct, the work that ZK demands is not a drawback at all. It is in fact ZKs primary benefit; it’s a serious feature and not at all a bug.

      reply to u/TeeMcBee and u/taurusnoises at https://www.reddit.com/r/Zettelkasten/comments/16njtfx/comment/k1ic0ot/?utm_source=reddit&utm_medium=web2x&context=3

      And two more big yeses.

      There is a growing amount of literature in the educational social annotation space in which teachers/professors are using it specifically to encourage their students to interact with class material and readings. The mechanics on the front end are exactly the same as in most ZK set ups, the difference is what happens with the annotations one makes.

      An entry point into some of this research:

    1. SRI Summary Report AFOSR-3223 • Prepared for: Director of Information Sciences, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Washington DC, Contract AF 49(638)-1024 • SRI Project No. 3578 (AUGMENT,3906,). Click here for scan of the original printed report [ PDF/Print | eReader ] See also About Doug's 1962 Report for more resources.


      If you're here annotating it means you care about this document there's a project sponsored by the Institute that has historically annotated this document

      Annotated version

      I'd encourage everyone to follow this version

  11. Aug 2023
  12. Jul 2023
    1. XMI describes solutions to the above issues by specifying EBNF production rules to create XML documents and Schemas that share objects consistently.
    1. Hypothesis was launched in 2011 and lets individuals and groups of people annotate a wide array of digital content, including academic articles and books.

      In fact, you can use Hypothesis to annotate on this very article about annotation. Very meta (not to be confused, of course, with Meta)!

    1. The movement might be gaining steam now, but its roots date back to 1998, when Mark Bernstein introduced the idea of the “hypertext garden,” arguing for spaces on the internet that let a person wade into the unknown. “Gardens … lie between farmland and wilderness,” he wrote. “The garden is farmland that delights the senses, designed for delight rather than commodity.” (His digital garden includes a recent review of a Bay Area carbonara dish and reflections on his favorite essays.) The new wave of digital gardens discuss books and movies, with introspective journal entries; others offer thoughts on philosophy and politics. Some are works of art in themselves, visual masterpieces that invite the viewer to explore; others are simpler and more utilitarian, using Google Docs or Wordpress templates to share intensely personal lists. Avid readers in particular have embraced the concept, sharing creative, beautiful digital bookshelves that illustrate their reading journey. Nerding hard on digital gardens, personal wikis, and experimental knowledge systems with @_jonesian today.
  13. Jun 2023
    1. One of my favorite ways that creative people communicate is by “working with their garage door up,” to riff on a passage from Robin Sloan (below). This is the opposite of the Twitter account which mostly posts announcements of finished work: it’s Screenshot Saturday; it’s giving a lecture about the problems you’re pondering in the shower; it’s thinking out loud about the ways in which your project doesn’t work at all. It’s so much of Twitch. I want to see the process. I want to see you trim the artichoke. I want to see you choose the color palette. Anti-marketing.

      other things that came to mind:

      • social/collective annotation like Hypothesis
      • publishing notes online through digital gardens, etc
      • online journaling
    1. Have you ever: Been disappointed, surprised or hurt by a library etc. that had a bug that could have been fixed with inheritance and few lines of code, but due to private / final methods and classes were forced to wait for an official patch that might never come? I have. Wanted to use a library for a slightly different use case than was imagined by the authors but were unable to do so because of private / final methods and classes? I have.
    2. Been disappointed, surprised or hurt by a library etc. that was overly permissive in it's extensibility? I have not.
  14. May 2023
    1. assessment practices play a key role; the graded elements were cited by most students as a deciding factor in participation.
    1. It's way too sophisticated for its own good. Maybe. Right. It's trying to be AI ish in the sense like it's trying to detect. If a particular comment is worthy of two points or three points, and a lot of that system is based on that. So if student makes a comment, it marks it as one. Instead of two. And you get a lot of emails about why was this Mark. And that's not the point. I Jeremy D.think Viranga P.the point of social. Is you're getting them to just have conversations. Encouraging conversations. Not necessarily to judge if that comment was good or Jeremy D.bad. Viranga P.It's just get it done. And we expect the fact that you're in the room having a conversation will help you realize, oh, this is useful. When I have a question, I can ask it here, and somebody else may have the same question. And we can have a discussion around it. And that social part. It's Social constructivism. Is helpful. Right. So people realize that they learn from other people.

      Critique of Perusall as about right or wrong versus the social construction of knowledge.

    1. Coleridge was such a renowned marginaliac that his friends would actually lend their books to him so that he could scribble in the margins.  Studs Turkel expected the books he loaned to friends to come back with additional marks made by friendly fingers.
  15. Apr 2023
    1. Google Docs is a free tool built for collaborative work that allows you to write and edit documents. Your students can work on a document simultaneously (collaborative note-taking, group projects), leave comments on each other’s work (peer-editing) and hold conversations in the margins of a document (social annotation).

      Very useful and simple tool for group work.

    1. reinventing Google Sidewiki or similar systems in which replies exist outside of the network itself.

      I'm ashamed/bewildered to confess that I have zero recollection of Google Sidewiki... Given the medium in which I'm typing this right now - and a whole bunch of other anecdotes from my online life - I think I would have been very engaged with such a thing.

      What a Wiki page though! Thank you. Bless. Through it, I discovered the Google Toolbar Help YouTube Channel.

    1. The nonchalance of boys who are sure of a dinner, and would disdain as much as a lord to do or say aught to conciliate one, is the healthy attitude of human nature.

      The healthy attitude to is to rest assured in the unfolding of potential, with a sort of nonchalance and naive attitude paired with the confidence of one who does nothing to placate, or conciliate, the feelings of others in the way

    2. A man should learn to detect and watch that gleam of light which flashes across his mind from within, more than the lustre of the firmament of bards and sages.

      He is saying to follow your inner voice, your inner star, and to speak as a soul inhabiting an individual body - that should be one's focus rather than seeking truth from the sphere of truth-speakers (ie. sages and bards)

    1. Anno, the leading open web annotation provider, and Atlassian, the leading provider of team collaboration and productivity software, announced plans to integrate Hypothesis with Confluence Cloud to make team collaboration possible everywhere on the internet.

      Well, this is super cool news!

    1. Genre is a conversation

      Ha. Annotation Kalir/Garcia positions annotation as genre, and as (distributed) conversation. [[Annotatie als genre of als middel 20220515112227]], [[Annotation by Remi Kalir Antero Garcia]] and [[Gedistribueerde conversatie 20180418144327]]

      The human condition in its entirety is an infinite conversation I suspect.

    1. will fail to give them credit for brilliant talents and excellent dispositions.

      I am confused on who Frederick Douglas referred to as the people who will fail to give these women credit for brilliant talents and excelent dispositons. Was he talking about the audience at the convention or was he talking about people in the general population?

    2. Among these was a declaration of sentiments, to be regarded as the basis of a grand movement for attaining all the civil, social, political and religious rights of woman.

      What were these sentiments? I am curious about how they constructed and pushed forth with their views and points. Fedrick Douglas mentioned that some of these women read their greivances; I have a question for these women. Were any of the sentiments more important than the others, and why?

    3. Many who have at last made the discovery that negroes have some rights as well as other members of the human family, have yet to be convinced that woman is entitled to any.

      So basically a black woman had to fight for her rights because she is black AND because she is a woman? A black woman had two barriers that held them from being treated like a decent human being, and not one or the other. Of course there were other circumstances and disadvantages but race and gender were big at this time.

  16. Mar 2023
    1. By asking students to share their annotations openly, we help students to see a wide range of annotation practices, thus demystifying what has often been a private, individual practice.

      Of course, some of the private, individual practice can be terribly formed and generally useless for many, so it becomes imperative that students have some strong modeling here from the rhetorical side. What exactly do "good" and "useful" practices look like? How are these annotations used after-the-fact? What purposes do they serve? Can they be reused? Even with open annotations, there is still a lot of additional practice and use which happens beyond the visible annotation which is hidden.

      How can we leverage the open annotation and the following process (for example that of Ahrens2017 or Eco2015, 1977) to show more of the workflows of not only learning/understanding/sensemaking, but then taking that material to apply, analyze, evaluate, and then subsequently create new material?

      I see a lot of this sort of community sensemaking in the fora for digital note taking tools like Roam Research, Obsidian, Tana, etc. People there may sometimes be more focused on workflows for productivity sake, but there's a lot of subtle learning about note taking practice which is also going on between the lines.

    1. Presence

      Still really the operative term. The teacher needs to be...there. In the discussion. In the case of social annotation, in the text.

    2. Be easily accessible to your students. Provide multiple regular opportunities for connectionand support via email, virtual office hours, prompt feedback, and virtual study sessions orstudent conferences

      I think it's interesting to think about social annotation as a vehicle for this availability/accessibility of the instructor.n What's more isolating than the reading? What's more power than having your instructor present IN the reading?

    1. First, dictionaries are not arbiters of highly literate writing; they merely document usage. For example, irregardless has an entry in many dictionaries, even though any self-respecting writer will avoid using it—except, perhaps, in dialogue to signal that a speaker uses nonstandard language, because that is exactly how some dictionaries characterize the word. Yes, it has a place in dictionaries; regardless of that fact, its superfluous prefix renders it an improper term.

      what to call these words? illiterate words?

  17. Feb 2023
    1. When reading “Yo Soy Joaquín” by Rodolfo Gonzales, I could not help but feel a sense of helplessness. The line “Yes, I have come a long way to nowhere,” is one of many that brought the feeling of helplessness to light. This line makes me visualize a lifetime of struggle and hard work, only to realize you are in the exact same place, the place you have been struggling to get out of, seeing now that this whole time has been spent on a “hamster wheel”. As you read the poem, you may think it is written in first person, the first being “Cuauhtémoc”. I looked up who this was before reading on, finding out that he was the ruler of “Tenochtitlan” he ruled from 1520-1521, he was the last Aztec emperor. He explains that though he was ruler of his people and “the ground” he had a “Spanish master”. One quote from him that really took me back was, “I was both tyrant and slave”. How strange to be a strong ruler, only to be a slave to someone else. I cannot help but wonder what pain this must have caused him, another sense of hopelessness I get from this writing. He fought against those who tried to rule over his people and died alongside them in hopes to be able to see Mexico free. “Mexico was free?” he later asks before explaining that though there is no longer a crown, the people who influenced the divide still remained. You later realize that when the line “I am” is not to say that he is the Aztec ruler, or the man who felt as though he was working hard toward nothing, “I am” is showing that Joaquín is in everyone who has fought for their freedom in any way. He is basically saying he is the people who came before him. This makes me think that while yes I can feel the hopelessness in the words and the loop of wins followed by defeats, I can also feel the immense strength in each of these people. I absolutely love the ending of this piece as well, it brings the whole story back to strength.
    1. I’ve also begun adopting a style loosely based on the approach to introductory signals used in legal writing, where things like See: [[something]] and See also: [[something]] and But see: [[something]] each have slightly different meanings. This gives me a set of supporting, comparison, and contradictory signals I can use when placing links as well.

      Shorthand notations or symbols in one's notes can be used to provide help in structuring arguments. Small indicators like "see: x", "see also: y", or "but see: z" can be used for adding supporting, comparison, or contradictory material respectively.

    1. synthesizes reading with writing (e.g.Wolfe, 2002)

      Yes, I would like to read more on this topic.



    1. I agree.After thinking about it for a bit, a common symbol for "the present card/note" is the one I'm most wanting.For the other stuff, I'm thinking:The squigly arrow symbol in latex is probably enough to do fuzziness. Then it could be squigly arrow to the current card or squigly arrow to not symbol current card. And for pen and paper, just use the biochem flat arrow with a squigly body for "somewhat contradicts" or is in tension with.

      reply to stjeromeslibido at https://www.reddit.com/r/Zettelkasten/comments/10qw4l5/comment/j6x52ce/?utm_source=reddit&utm_medium=web2x&context=3

      Luhmann often used the shorthand of red numbers to indicate a link to nearby card in the current branch/stem, which Scott Scheper calls "stemlinks" in Antinet Zettelkasten (2022) p234. So, for example, on card ZKII 9/8 there is a red "1" which indicates the branching card ZKII 9/8,1. Scott uses a more computer science oriented notation of "/1" to indicate this as if he were traversing up or down a folder structure. Since there isn't really a (useful) idea of a root or home folder, and one wouldn't often want to refer to their zettelkasten itself, one might consider using the solidus "/" to indicate the current card? I personally do this, but not very frequently, though I might do it more often with respect to indicating argumentation within and among other cards.

      Some languages have location/proximity identifiers or markers (similar to here/there/over there). I'll sometimes use the Japanese markers (ko-so-a-do) as shorthand to provide rough approximation of idea relationships particularly when I have open questions. (example: kore, sore, are, dore -> this one, that one, that one over there, which one?) Many ideas are marked あ to indicate "just out of reach" or "needs additional thought". When ideas are adjacent or nearby, but by happenstance are relatively far away within my ZK (with respect to physical card distance in the box) they'll be pre-pended like こ/510/4b/3 (aka "ko"/510/4b/3).

    2. Are there symbols for 'supported by' or 'contradicted by' etc. to show not quite formal logical relations in a short hand?

      reply to u/stjeromeslibido at https://www.reddit.com/r/Zettelkasten/comments/10qw4l5/are_there_symbols_for_supported_by_or/

      In addition to the other excellent suggestions, I don't think you'll find anything specific that that was used historically for these, but there are certainly lots of old annotation symbols you might be able to co-opt for your personal use.

      Evina Steinova has a great free cheat sheet list of annotation symbols: The Most Common Annotation Symbols in Early Medieval Western Manuscripts (a cheat sheet).

      More of this rabbit hole:

      (Nota bene: most of my brief research here only extends to Western traditions, primarily in Latin and Greek. Obviously other languages and eras will have potential ideas as well.)

      Tironian shorthand may have something you could repurpose as well: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tironian_notes

      Some may find the auxiliary signs of the Universal Decimal Classification useful for some of these sorts of notations for conjoining ideas.

      Given the past history of these sorts of symbols and their uses, perhaps it might be useful for us all to aggregate a list of common ones we all use as a means of re-standardizing some of them in modern contexts? Which ones does everyone use?

      Here are some I commonly use:

      Often for quotations, citations, and provenance of ideas, I'll use Maria Popova and Tina Roth Eisenberg's Curator's Code:

      • ᔥ for "via" to denote a direct quotation/source— something found elsewhere and written with little or no modification or elaboration (reformulation notes)
      • ↬ for "hat tip" to stand for indirect discovery — something for which you got the idea at a source, but modified or elaborated on significantly (inspiration by a source, but which needn't be cited)

      Occasionally I'll use a few nanoformats, from the microblogging space, particularly

      • L: to indicate location

      For mathematical proofs, in addition to their usual meanings, I'll use two symbols to separate biconditionals (necessary/sufficient conditions)

      • (⇒) as a heading for the "if" portion of the proof
      • (⇐) for the "only if" portion

      Some historians may write 19c to indicate 19th Century, often I'll abbreviate using Roman numerals instead, so "XIX".

      Occasionally, I'll also throw drolleries or other symbols into my margins to indicate idiosyncratic things that may only mean something specifically to me. This follows in the medieval traditions of the ars memoria, some of which are suggested in Cornwell, Hilarie, and James Cornwell. Saints, Signs, and Symbols: The Symbolic Language of Christian Art 3rd Edition. Church Publishing, Inc., 2009. The modern day equivalent of this might be the use of emoji with slang meanings or 1337 (leet) speak.

  18. Jan 2023
    1. There's a fundamental error in your question: commits are not diffs; commits are snapshots. This might seem like a distinction without a difference—and for some commits, it is. But for merge commits, it's not.
    1. There are several “types” of Hypothesis annotations: Annotations

      It is not consistent to distinguish different types of annotations (e.g., using "Annotation" as the general term) and at the same time to call a specific type with the same name. It mixes the general with the specific use.

      I propose to use the term "Annotation" as the general term for all different kind of annotations. For the digital equivalent of a marginal note I would use "Marginal Note" as another name. (Just "Note" is not enough as it can't be differentiated from "Page Note".)

    1. I don't presently have plans to expand this into an annotation extension, as I believe that purpose is served by Hypothesis. For now, I see this extension as a useful way for me to save highlights, share specific pieces of information on my website, and enable other people to do the same.

      I wonder if it uses the W3C recommendation for highlighting and annotation though? Which would allow it to interact with other highlighting/annotation results.

      To me highlighting is annotation, though a leightweight form, as the decision to highlight is interacting with the text in a meaningful way. And the pop up box actually says Annotation right there in the screenshot, so I don't fully grasp what distinction James is making here.

  19. Dec 2022
    1. While this offers flexibility to address many operator use cases, it makes simple use cases, like the developer use case, more complicated to express than they need to be.

      annotation meta: may need new tag: - developer use case - more complicated to express than they need to be.

    1. I have yet to see a Snapd or Flatpak build of Audacity that I'm happy with. Those builds are beyond our control as they are made by 3rd parties. I do find it mildly annoying that Flatpak direct users that have problems with their builds to us.

      annotation meta: may need new tag: the runaround?

  20. Nov 2022
    1. Our annotators achieve thehighest precision with OntoNotes, suggesting thatmost of the entities identified by crowdworkers arecorrect for this dataset.

      interesting that the mention detection algorithm gives poor precision on OntoNotes and the annotators get high precision. Does this imply that there are a lot of invalid mentions in this data and the guidelines for ontonotes are correct to ignore generic pronouns without pronominals?

    2. an algorithm with high precision on LitBank orOntoNotes would miss a huge percentage of rele-vant mentions and entities on other datasets (con-straining our analysis)

      these datasets have the most limited/constrained definitions for co-reference and what should be marked up so it makes sense that precision is poor in these datasets

    3. Procedure: We first launch an annotation tutorial(paid $4.50) and recruit the annotators on the AMTplatform.9 At the end of the tutorial, each annotatoris asked to annotate a short passage (around 150words). Only annotators with a B3 score (Bagga

      Annotators are asked to complete a quality control exercise and only annotators who achieve a B3 score of 0.9 or higher are invited to do more annotation

    4. Annotation structure: Two annotation ap-proaches are prominent in the literature: (1) a localpairwise approach, annotators are shown a pairof mentions and asked whether they refer to thesame entity (Hladká et al., 2009; Chamberlain et al.,2016a; Li et al., 2020; Ravenscroft et al., 2021),which is time-consuming; or (2) a cluster-basedapproach (Reiter, 2018; Oberle, 2018; Bornsteinet al., 2020), in which annotators group all men-tions of the same entity into a single cluster. InezCoref we use the latter approach, which can befaster but requires the UI to support more complexactions for creating and editing cluster structures.

      ezCoref presents clusters of coreferences all at the same time - this is a nice efficient way to do annotation versus pairwise annotation (like we did for CD^2CR)

    5. owever, these datasets vary widelyin their definitions of coreference (expressed viaannotation guidelines), resulting in inconsistent an-notations both within and across domains and lan-guages. For instance, as shown in Figure 1, whileARRAU (Uryupina et al., 2019) treats generic pro-nouns as non-referring, OntoNotes chooses not tomark them at all

      One of the big issues is that different co-reference datasets have significant differences in annotation guidelines even within the coreference family of tasks - I found this quite shocking as one might expect coreference to be fairly well defined as a task.

    6. Specifically, our work investigates the quality ofcrowdsourced coreference annotations when anno-tators are taught only simple coreference cases thatare treated uniformly across existing datasets (e.g.,pronouns). By providing only these simple cases,we are able to teach the annotators the concept ofcoreference, while allowing them to freely interpretcases treated differently across the existing datasets.This setup allows us to identify cases where ourannotators disagree among each other, but moreimportantly cases where they unanimously agreewith each other but disagree with the expert, thussuggesting cases that should be revisited by theresearch community when curating future unifiedannotation guidelines

      The aim of the work is to examine a simplified subset of co-reference phenomena which are generally treated the same across different existing datasets.

      This makes spotting inter-annotator disagreement easier - presumably because for simpler cases there are fewer modes of failure?

    7. this work, we developa crowdsourcing-friendly coreference annota-tion methodology, ezCoref, consisting of anannotation tool and an interactive tutorial. Weuse ezCoref to re-annotate 240 passages fromseven existing English coreference datasets(spanning fiction, news, and multiple other do-mains) while teaching annotators only casesthat are treated similarly across these datasets

      this paper describes a new efficient coreference annotation tool which simplifies co-reference annotation. They use their tool to re-annotate passages from widely used coreference datasets.

  21. learn-ap-southeast-2-prod-fleet01-xythos.content.blackboardcdn.com learn-ap-southeast-2-prod-fleet01-xythos.content.blackboardcdn.com
    1. Kalir, Jeremiah H. “The Value of Social Annotation for Teaching and Learning: Promoting Comprehension, Collaboration and Critical Thinking with Hypothesis.” White paper. San Francisco: Hypothes.is, October 21, 2022. https://web.hypothes.is/research-white-paper/

    2. onversation among groups ofreaders over time.

      An intriguing story of influential annotations in the history of science can be seen in Gingerich's The Book Nobody Read in which he traces annotations by teachers and students of Copernicus' De revolutionibus to show spread of knowledge in early modern astronomy.

      Gingerich, Owen. The Book Nobody Read: Chasing the Revolutions of Nicolaus Copernicus. William Heinemann, 2004.

    1. It’s interesting to divide the internet into Word People and Image People because the Internet is a modern evolution of oral culture — and technological/bandwidth limitations have enabled text to serve as the leading means to transfer information online up till now, when more direct oral presentations (podcasts, video streaming, video) become a feasible way to distribute more of the pool of information.

      Tracy Durnell comments on a quote that divides internet users in 'word people' and 'image people' by by position the entire internet as a modern form of oral culture. The only reason in that perspective for the abundance of text is early bandwidth and technology limitations. Nowadays presentations, streaming, videos and podcasts make a much direct version of distributing oral expressions. When Durnell talks about oral culture is that because of the style more than the format? Blogs, IRC chats, microblogging and messaging are more oral in tone. Whereas ;'serious' texts are still in document shape. Reminds me of annotation as conversation and as social interaction.

    1. Testing frameworks often introduce their own abstractions for e.g. evaluation order, data validation, reporting, scope, code reuse, state, and lifecycle. In my experience, these abstractions are always needlessly different from (and inferior to) related abstractions provided by the language itself.
    1. Changing the second line to: foo.txt text !diff would restore the default unset-ness for diff, while: foo.txt text diff will force diff to be set (both will presumably result in a diff, since Git has presumably not previously been detecting foo.txt as binary).

      comments for tag: undefined vs. null: Technically this is undefined (unset, !diff) vs. true (diff), but it's similar enough that don't need a separate tag just for that.

      annotation meta: may need new tag: undefined/unset vs. null/set

    1. "This is a job market that just won't quit. It's challenging the rules of economics," said Becky Frankiewicz,  chief commercial officer of hiring company ManpowerGroup in an email after the data was released. "The economic indicators are signaling caution, yet American employers are signaling confidence."

      This article explains the economic market. Creating 528,000 jobs is an outstanding aspect for the American people. But It also needs to explain the bad parts of creating jobs in this situation. Because challenging the rules of economics should not make a better situation, There are also high risks.

    1. That could create even more burdens for businesses because hiking interest rates tends to create higher rates on consumer and business loans, which slows the economy by forcing employers to cut back on spending.

      This article describes the disadvantages of high-interest rates. Although there are facts and parts that we need to be concerned about, high-interest rates also have advantages. There are more information about advantages about high-interest.

  22. Oct 2022
    1. a little flaw (Google translation can not find the translation of the word "瑕疵", so can only use the word "flaw" instead)

      annotation meta: may need new tag: no exact translation in other language