1,115 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. Intuitive Machines is one of several small companies that NASA has hired to transport instruments that will perform reconnaissance on the moon’s surface ahead of the return of NASA astronauts there, planned for later this decade.

      Notable change.

  2. Feb 2024
    1. Those checking my public profile will see that only about 1,000 annotations are in the public layer or in public groups. This underscores the reality that annotations do not have to be public to be beneficial. I use private annotations for all kinds of different purposes, from research to vacation planning to holiday shopping.

      As I note here, most of my annotations are private. But this annotation--the 250,000th is public. And happy to add it here on this article, from a hotel room in London!

    2. Leaving to build open infrastructure didn’t mean that I left the tool behind — far from it!)

      And I'm still using it and highly recommending it to folks I meet today!

    3. Yet, here I am, a self-diagnosed annotation addict.

      Not reformed yet!

    4. Doesn’t she have a life?

      Still often asked...

    5. Recently, I made my 100,000th annotation with Hypothesis.

      Today, I will make my 250,000 annotation--and on this very blog post!

    1. As future readers enjoy this article, they might see Heather Staines’ annotations alongside this very paragraph.


    2. With her wide experience and joyful nature, forward-thinking academic publishers pay attention to Heather Staines.

      I now work for Delta Think and get the opportunity to work with publishers and service providers of all kinds, along with libraries and foundations!

    3. Hypothes.is opens marvelous new frontiers.

      I wish this effort had continued more broadly...

    4. “I’m a Harry Potter fan,” she said, “Finding annotation is like living as a muggle, then discovering this yet unseen layer of magic over the entire world.”

      Just one of many analogies that I'm prone to use!

    5. brilliant exuberance,

      Probably understating it!

    6. Heather explained with delight how her company’s annotation tools will transform academic publications into “truly living entities.”

      I remember this talk fondly!

    1. now appear in the final version of our book

      How meta!

    2. summer of 2019.

      Hard to believe this was so long ago--pre-pandemic...

    3. Tags curate scholarly conversations and communities.

      More things should enable tags...

    4. Scholars have taken keen advantage of these social media norms.

      Sadly, Twitter is not what it once was...

    5. Kathleen Fitzpatrick’s Planned Obsolescence,

      Met Kathleen again at an annotation workshop in Lansing, Michigan for the HuMetricsHSS project.

    6. Take, for example, Annotation for Transparent Inquiry (ATI), an initiative of the Qualitative Data Repository.

      Had the absolute pleasure of working with the team at QDR!

    7. Because, scholars are annotators.

      Recently saw some original Copernicus books "annotated" (read censored) by the church.

    8. Reflecting on how new digital tools have re-invigorated annotation and contributed to the creation of their recent book, they suggest annotation presents a vital means by which academics can re-engage with each other and the wider world.

      Returning to this after several years reflection...

    1. It has been exhilarating to work in effective partnership.


    2. He urges that men of science should then turn to the massive task of making more accessible our bewildering store of knowledge. For years inventions have extended man's physical powers rather than the powers of his mind.

      Interesting to read this after just watching Oppenheimer on the plane to London.

    3. an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility.

      Definitely my activity page!

    1. I cannot betray either the first or the second. If your beliefs are worth something, you must be willing to stand up for them. And if necessary, make some sacrifices.”


    1. This technical report focuses on (1) our method for turning visual data of all types into a unified representation that enables large-scale training of generative models, and (2) qualitative evaluation of Sora’s capabilities and limitations. Model and implementation details are not included in this report.

      AI to generate video images.

    1. A region of the moon that’s at the center of a new international space race because it may contain water ice could be less hospitable than once thought,

      Moon knowledge is increasing all the time..

  3. Jan 2024
    1. The reconstructed specimen — about 14 feet long from the tip of the snout to the tip of the tail — demonstrates the importance of the preparators to the museum’s scientific and educational missions, said Vanessa Rhue, the Peabody’s collections manager for vertebrate paleontology.

      This is amazing!

    1. T.S.M.C. has transformed an industry that now measures its work in nanometers (billionths of a meter). A human red blood cell is around 7,000 nanometers wide, and T.S.M.C. is now developing 1.4-nanometer chips.


  4. Oct 2023
    1. The matter of the moon’s origin may seem like it should be settled science. We’ve examined it through telescopes, orbited it with a suite of spacecraft, scooped up its rocks and explored its surface in person.

      Very cool development!

    1. Astronomers have intercepted a mysterious and ancient radio signal that's traveled from the farthest reaches of the cosmos — for an astonishing eight billion years, more than half the lifespan of the universe — before finally reaching the Earth.


  5. Sep 2023
  6. Aug 2023
    1. NASA’s Perseverance rover has been diligently collecting rocky samples from Mars to stow them away on the planet’s dusty surface while engineers work to develop a rocket that can launch off of another world as a crucial step in the process of retrieving the samples.

      So exciting!

  7. Jul 2023
    1. In a first, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) may have glimpsed a rare type of star that astronomers aren’t even sure exists.


    1. a ravenous Repenomamus, an ancient mammal the size of an opossum, pounced on an unsuspecting Psittacosaurus—an herbivorous dinosaur more than three times its size.


    1. Hypothesis was launched in 2011 and lets individuals and groups of people annotate a wide array of digital content, including academic articles and books.

      In fact, you can use Hypothesis to annotate on this very article about annotation. Very meta (not to be confused, of course, with Meta)!

  8. Jun 2023
    1. The museum is in the planning stages of an interactive exhibition that will center on Joan Rivers’s card catalog of jokes and include material covering a vast swath of comedy history, from the 1950s to 2015. The show will allow visitors to explore the file in depth.

      Very cool to have this!

    1. this process could take a quadrillion years — that's a million billion years — while our entire universe is only an estimated 13.8 billion years young.

      Don't wait up!

    1. But it’s uncommon to spot a circumbinary system, where an exoplanet orbits two stars. And seeing two stars with more than one exoplanet in their vicinity is exceedingly rare.


  9. May 2023
  10. Apr 2023
    1. Anno, the leading open web annotation provider, and Atlassian, the leading provider of team collaboration and productivity software, announced plans to integrate Hypothesis with Confluence Cloud to make team collaboration possible everywhere on the internet.

      Well, this is super cool news!

  11. Feb 2023
  12. Dec 2022
    1. InSight has also been useful because it has a camera attached, allowing it to take some very nice photos of the surface of Mars.

      Very cool.

  13. Nov 2022
    1. Against all odds, NASA's Mars lander has, somehow, continued truckin' along — but its inevitable death seems to finally be at hand.


  14. Aug 2022
    1. This new image is gorgeous, no doubt. Its beauty is also functional, because it can help answer modern questions about how galaxies morph over time. About 25 percent of all galaxies are currently merging with others, and even more are probably gravitationally interacting, according to the Harvard and Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.


  15. Jul 2022
    1. NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has produced the deepest and sharpest infrared image of the distant universe to date. Known as Webb’s First Deep Field, this image of galaxy cluster SMACS 0723 is overflowing with detail.

      So cool!

    1. The limb, complete with skin, is just one of a series of remarkable finds emerging from the Tanis fossil site in the US State of North Dakota.


    1. For the past seven years, some scientists have observed certain gravitational anomalies in this mysterious region and have theorized that there must be an undiscovered world, dubbed Planet Nine, lurking at the outer edges of our galactic backyard.

      It would be so exciting to find it!

  16. Feb 2022
    1. When asteroid 2020 XL5 was first discovered, astronomer Toni Santana-Ros thought it might have a strange orbit, one that kept it just in front of Earth — what astronomers call a “Trojan asteroid” for the way they sneak behind or in front of a planet.

      Never heard of this before!

  17. Jan 2022
    1. Like so many of Europe’s megafauna, the aurochs met their end at the hands of humans.

      Never heard of them!

  18. Dec 2021
    1. This picture is just further proof that giant squids do exist, and they do not appear to be very afraid of humans, either! We wonder what other mysterious creatures could be hiding under the waves, away from human eyes.

      Not a giant squid. A colossal squid...

    1. As it seeks answers about the cosmos and what they mean for Earth’s origins, NASA on Friday announced a slew of discoveries about Jupiter. And scientists brought home an interstellar tune from the road.

      So gorgeous!

  19. Jun 2021
    1. some projects to add to the world of linked data

      I'm so excited to hear an update on this project!

    2. recently published book

      I was honored to interview Remi and Antero (along with other MITP authors) about collaborative community review and how it fit with their traditional peer review experience. The blog post can be found here.

    3. Heather Staines

      You can share your question via replies to this annotation in advance of the session!

    1. They also have a sound

      I recently learned about ticker-tape synesthesia. My sister has it. In addition to "closed captioning for life", many folks with it see the words they read in their heads as they read them (leading to a doubling of the words). It's made me think about the process of reading in a whole new way...

    2. In fact, while we read a novel, we are insane—bonkers. We believe in the existence of people who aren’t there, we hear their voices, we watch the battle of Borodino with them, we may even become Napoleon. Sanity returns (in most cases) when the book is closed.

      I've been reading recently about "the mind's eye" and how those who have one imagine the things they are reading. And those who have no "mind's eye" --aphantasia experience what they read.

  20. May 2021
    1. However, drawing on their research and writing practice, Remi Kalir and Antero Garcia present a different view of annotation, as a vital mechanism by which academics have historically connected and interwoven their own thinking with contemporaries and those who have gone before them.

      I interviewed Remi and Antero for "Collaborative Community Review" in 2019.

  21. Aug 2020
  22. Jul 2020
    1. Republicans hold statehouses in some big states and there the counts look like this: Florida has seen 5,931 deaths, Texas with 5,085 fatalities and Ohio with 3,344. Arizona, also with a GOP governor, has 3,304 dead. Thus, of the 10 states with the most fatalities, the six highest tolls are all in states with Democratic leadership. Republicans run the virus response in states ranked seventh through 10th in this grim lineup.

      Just wait...

  23. Jun 2020
    1. Mr. Esper said after the much-criticized photo op that he was unaware of his destination when he set out with Mr. Trump for what he thought was a visit to view troops near Lafayette Square.

      Do you believe this for a second?

  24. May 2020
    1. Many who catch it won’t know they had it at all. Only really the elderly and infirm are under serious threat.

      This is simply not true though. Many people without underlying conditions are badly compromised and even killed by this virus.

  25. Apr 2020
    1. ince a worldwide pandemic has recently upended day-to-day life for every person living on planet earth, you’ll know that many industries have also been affected by the economic repercussions of COVID-19.


    1. milestone

      Could not be more excited to see this news! I raise a glass to the team! Thank you for keeping Hypothesis going so that I can keep going towards my own million annotations!

    1. Establish standard models and criteria for funding alternatives to “pay for access” or “pay to publish” (transactional funding models) so that libraries can more easily invest in diverse content and services, including open infrastructure


    1. In China, where the mortality rate for men was almost twice as high as that for women, nearly half of men over 15 smoke, compared with just 2 percent of women.

      Huge difference! Wow!

  26. Mar 2020
    1. In addition to supporting Trinitas’s medical administration, staff, nurses, and patrons, Marrapodi has been supporting consumers around the world through the 3-D virtual reality program Second Life. Second Life ’s host site, Whole Brain Health within Second Life, aims to keep people over fifty-five mentally active. “People have this stereotype that senior citizens can’t handle a smart phone,” Marrapodi commented, but over 20,000 people have seen Marrapodi’s virtual displays. She enjoyed receiving a thank-you email from a research scientist in Singapore for her efforts educating consumers on the coronavirus.

      Didn't know it was still up and running...

    1. Madagascar, an island country in the Indian Ocean with exceptionally diverse habitats and a host of species that evolved here and live nowhere else, has its own small carnivores. The largest, called the fosa (or fossa), is often described as “cat like”—or, some say, a cross between cat, mongoose, and dog—though it is not actually a felid. A member of the Eupleridae family, which covers all of the island’s meat-eaters, it prefers a deep-woods habitat and leans on lemurs for much of its nourishment.

      Never heard of fosa before.

    1. This could occur because, even if the institution’s users are using the content at the same or even higher rate, that usage may not be able to be attributed to the institution. Users will no longer have to pass through an authentication system to get to the content and so any off-campus, mobile device, etc. usage may end up untraced to the institution.

      This is a very important point to consider.

    1. Drone technology just got a step closer to becoming fully self-navigating: Taking a page out of a bat’s playbook, engineers developed a rig that lets drones chart out their surroundings using echolocation.

      Incredible! Who thinks of these things?

  27. Feb 2020
    1. Desk Set (1957) is a delightful Tracy-Hepburn comedy about automation and information technology. 

      Love this one. Never thought of it as future forward before, but certainly is!

    1. When she was in Grade 1, Spencer was bullied for bringing a grasshopper to school. Not only was she teased, her schoolmates stomped the creature to death.

      What kind of school was it!? I hope someone looks into this.

    1. New research, published Wednesday in the journal Science Advances, reveals important findings about the Stupendemys, a now-extinct freshwater turtle, and details the discovery of one of its shells — the largest known turtle shell found to date, at nearly nine-and-a-half-feet long. The animal would have resembled, in length and weight, a midsized car.

      Wonder how this one is related to the turtle at the Yale Peabody museum, in New Haven?

    1. NASA has fixed one of the most intrepid explorers in human history. Voyager 2, currently some 11.5 billion miles from Earth, is back online and resuming its mission to collect scientific data on the solar system and the interstellar space beyond.


    1. In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Richard Cytowic, the expert who returned synesthesia to mainstream science after decades of oblivion, offers a concise, accessible primer on this fascinating human experience.

      This would be a great gift! I add a tag for the event and a tag for the person the gift might be great for. Sometimes, when a site is dynamic (so I might not be able to get all the way back) I include an image and enough info to identify the gift.! Back to the 100K blog for another adventure?

    1. annotation.

      P.S. In the time it has taken me to get this post in shape, I'm now at 105K. Talk again down the road!

    2. Public Annotation

      While my annotations tilt predominantly to the private layer, I'm branching out!

    3. Future of the Web

      Annotation fulfills the future promise of the Web!

    4. Planning

      Annotation is great for planning that requires resources that are scattered across the web. Check this out!

    5. Scholarly Publishing

      I can think of countless ways to use annotation in scholarly publishing!

    6. my life

      Yeah, you must think I'm kidding, but no.

    7. “choose your own (adventure) annotation path”

      Each annotation in the path will lead you to the next!

    1. Step Inside Brazil’s Museu Nacional, Before the Devastating Blaze

      Be sure to open all the annotations on the page! This article marks an experiment into public annotation. While most of my annotation is for private purposes, I do think that anyone can contribute to knowledge creation using annotation. I hope you agree. I also created a special director's cut edition of an article I wrote!

    1. Annotation is coming to scholarly content, but there are key choices to be made that will dramatically affect the collective outcome we achieve.

      Be sure to click to open all annotations on this page! I continue to marvel at the ways that scholarly communication experiments with open annotation! For example Transparent Review in Preprints and the American Society of Plant Biologists' continuing experiments. And I continue to use annotation every day--how else would I reach 100K annotations? Click here to return to 100K post and try another adventure!

    1. Over 300,000 people have created Hypothesis accounts — including over 100,000 just this year — and are actively annotating more than ever: we’ve seen over 10,000 active users every month this fall, with over 15,000 active users in both September and October.

      I remember when we passed 1 million annotations back in early February 2017. I couldn't be more thrilled to see the continuing acceleration in the numbers. I can't wait until the web browsers include annotation by default to make it even easier to use open annotation. Let's make that happen! Return to try another 100K adventure!

    1. Gaudi’s Casa Batlló

      Barcelona--Casa Batllo with Audio Tour $30 The Gaudi attractions in Barcelona were hard for me to keep track of, so I began adding images and notes to myself about planning the trip. This got me thinking that I could plan other things.

    1. Finding new ways to harness engagement in scholarly communications is a goal of the Knowledge Futures Group, and inline annotation is a technology that I rely upon every day to organize my thoughts and track my online reading. I reached out to the authors of three forthcoming MIT Press books that have undergone this type of review during the last year.

      Collaborative community review can be used for all sorts or purposes. To return to the 100K blog and follow another adventure, just click here.

    1. Transparent Review in Preprints (TRiP) — that enables journals and peer review services to post peer reviews of submitted manuscripts on CSHL’s preprint server bioRxiv.

      Incredible use of annotation technology in peer review over preprints! Watch this space! I'm lucky that I get to use annotation in my work at the Knowledge Futures Group.

    1. ASPB editors are adding some of the first annotations on The Plant Cell to provide links to related scholarly materials, including peer review reports, “in brief” companion articles, and — as in the example pictured below —  author biographies. View a dynamic list of all annotations in ASBP’s open group.

      It's fantastic to see ASPB continue to expand the use of annotation to promote engagement and transparency in their journals! And there are even more ways to use annotation in peer review!

    1. The American Psychological Association (APA) and Hypothesis are pleased to announce a partnership to bring annotation capabilities to content hosted on APA’s PsycNET platform. By embedding this key collaborative technology, APA will make it easier for authors, researchers and readers to use and explore multiple conversations in addition to the publisher version of record.

      APA had some great ideas to encourage author updates to content, including the addition of videos. Other publishers wanted to make peer review more visible or to highlight content on related platforms!

    1. I annotate everything, and the tool has changed the way I do my research and my reading.

      Almost two years later, I STILL annotate everything I read. In my new role at the MIT Knowledge Futures Group, I work with groups creating communities on PubPub who engage through annotation, including in the classroom, through open collaborative peer review, and more! What happened? Click to find out how I fell in love with open infrastructure!

  28. Jan 2020
    1. The surface of our sun is a wild, violent place and now we can see it in exquisite detail, thanks to the first images returned by the National Science Foundation's Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope based in Hawaii.

      I didn't even know that this was possible!

    1. NASA’s Curiosity rover has been roaming the Martian surface for more than seven years now, and all that work has taken a toll on its once shiny, metallic body.

      Looks pretty good!

    1. To him who observes them from afar, it appears as though they are scattering and dissipating their energies, while in reality they are channeling and strengthening them.

      I think this is really important.

    1. The infrastructure of Amsterdam all depends on a stone at the center of Dam Square. The stone caps a bolt that marks Amsterdam’s zero-level, or sea level, based on high tide in the summer of nearby Zuiderzee Bay. The reference point, called Amsterdam Ordnance Datum (which translates to Normaal Amsterdams Peil, or NAP), is the heart of the European network of national leveling networks. In other words, the NAP is the prime meridian of elevation. 

      Wow! I never heard of this before!

    1. The voice recreation technique "has given us the unique opportunity to hear the sound of someone long dead", said study co-author Joann Fletcher, a professor of archaeology at the University of York.

      Kinda creepy... Kinda cool...

    1. Finding new ways to harness engagement in scholarly communications is a goal of the Knowledge Futures Group, and inline annotation is a technology that I rely upon every day to organize my thoughts and track my online reading.

      I hope that you enjoy this blog post on the use of annotation for community review. Please feel free to create a free PubPub account and leave me some feedback! Happy Annotating! Return to 100K post here.

    1. Interested authors can select In Review when they submit their manuscript through Editorial Manager. Participating will enable them to track the progress of their manuscript through peer review with immediate access to review reports, share their work to engage a wider community through open annotation using Hypothesis, follow a transparent editorial checklist, and gain early collaboration and citation opportunities.

      Annotation in peer review, whether on preprints or through a more traditional manuscript submission system, offers the option for reviewers, editors, and authors to give and received feedback in context. And I'm super excited about this new project.

    1. several observers suggested Hypothesis might help carry those comments forward

      It was so exciting to be a part of this initiative, to rescue annotations from PubMedCommons, an example of how open infrastructure can pick up the torch to keep something valuable from disappearing. Annotation can also streamline peer review.

    1. Opaque-2 Regulates a Complex Gene Network Associated with Cell Differentiation and Storage Functions of Maize Endosperm

      Be sure to open all annotations! This article uses annotation to draw attention to related content, such as peer review reports and author profiles available on their communities site. Open interoperable annotation in accordance with the W3C standard is good for the community as a whole.

    1. The open-source Hypothesis software has been extensively customised for use by eLife and other publishers with new moderation features, single sign-on authentication and user-interface customisation options now giving publishers more control over its implementation on their sites.

      I was so excited to see the eLife Publisher Group go live--finally, an integration with a real live publisher! It wasn't long before other publishers were adding their own groups!

    1. The new coronavirus continued to spread across China and nearby countries Wednesday, with authorities in the province where it began reporting that 17 people have now died as a result of infection, almost tripling in a day.

      This scares the pants off me...

    1. Spider silk is as strong as steel and as light as a feather, but attempts to industrialize its production have gotten stuck, so to speak.

      Be sure to open all the annotations on the page! This article was one of my forays into public annotation. I wanted to add images and links to this existing article. It was fun to do, and I hope I created a unique reading experience for those fortunate enough to have Hypothesis enabled in their browsers! I love museums, so I augmented this post.

    1. In the far future, the [human group] fights a pitched battle against the mighty [alien name] Empire, but deep in the mysterious [region of space], among the ruins of the past, a darker threat looms."

      If I could write a short story or even a novel using only annotations (and info on the web pages themselves, like setting, plot developments, clues)! Might be fun! What cool uses can you think of?

    1. Applicants must perform and pass a music audition before the University can review applications for admission to music degree programs. Space is limited in these majors and students need to apply and audition early.

      Find out the details regarding the audition process.

      I used annotations like this to keep track of the college visits for my son, as well as scholarship info, and degree requirements. The ease of tracking everything made me want to experiment with annotation for other purposes--like shopping!

    1. Jake Whitmanhad been dating Mariah for six months

      Heather's test in public channel


    1. Collaboratively draft, review, and publish in an integrated, iterative process.

      I'm working in open infrastructure now--and it incorporates annotation for engagement and collaborative review. (It's not W3C compliant at this time, but who knows!) I still believe that open annotation is the future!

    1. sometimes you feel as if you have been preparing for something your entire life, as if there was a plan that you were aware of only subconsciously.

      As you can see from my initial Hypothesis blog post, I was very, very excited about the job--little did I know that, lurking under the surface was an annotating monster waiting to be unleashed! Blame Jon Udell for what happened next!

    1. Vannevar Bush July 1945 Issue

      Imagine what Vannevar Bush would think of the web annotation standard--or the fact that his article has been annotated more than 270 times! But the impact of annotation is much, much bigger than one article!

    1. Annotation extends that power to a web made not only of linked resources, but also of linked segments within them. If the web is a loom on which applications are woven, then annotation increases the thread count of the fabric. Annotation-powered applications exploit the denser weave by defining segments and attaching data or behavior to them.

      I remember the first time I truly understood what Jon meant when he said this. One web page can have an unlimited number of specific addresses pointing into its parts--and through annotation these parts can be connected to an unlimited number of parts of other things. Jon called it: Exploding the web! How far we've come from Vannevar Bush's musings...

    1. The Web Annotation Data Model specification describes a structured model and format to enable annotations to be shared and reused across different hardware and software platforms.

      The publication of this web standard changed everything. I look forward to true testing of interoperable open annotation. The publication of the standard nearly three years ago was a game changer, but the game is still in progress. The future potential is unlimited!

    1. In our big splash at SFN, NIF and Hypothesis released a collection of thousands of RRID annotations generated by SciBot, our hybrid machine- and human-based annotation tool. When activated, SciBot automatically recognizes RRIDs within papers, then makes a call to an RRID resolver service and pipes the information about these resources—including other papers that have been published using them—into annotations managed by the Hypothesis client.

      This demonstrates one of the coolest things about annotation--the ability for machines and humans to work together to recognize and link entities for reproducibility and other purposes. What other examples can you add?Who will make the next one?

    1. Yet aside from humans, only a few other species, including orangutans and bonobos, seem to willingly help others. Now, scientists say they’ve found the first nonmammals that are also altruists: African gray parrots.


    1. It felt important to visit the Newseum 10 years ago, when every journalist I knew still believed great reporting would always win. Now, in the wake of its recent closure, the delusory nature of that kind of thinking doesn’t get any more obvious.

      Very sad to see this closing. It was an amazing museum.

    1. If we allow this, we then need a way to say ‘Let this person see everything on this Page’, at which point Pages become permission vehicles, complicating (in my mind) the permission structure we have.

      I think you will need to explain this to me.

    2. The external contributor can simply click ‘New Review’, self-assign themselves as the reviewer and make suggested changes. When done, they can forward it on to the author or other Pub manager.

      This would take a significant amount of education in order for folks to understand it. Suggest Edit, makes more sense.

    3. list all reviews

      This doesn't make any sense. Students will not understand it...

    4. a teacher can create a new review in all relevant chapters.

      Here, I think version makes more sense--I guess it depends on the perspective. Is it another copy of an existing publication? Even then, you'd need one for each of your classes. Would you have to go back to the original every time?

    5. Review

      Here, I think Group makes the most sense.

    6. new review

      I think version would make more sense here. Creating a new review doesn't mean anything to me...

    7. author wants to submit their work for peer review

      It's probably going to be an editor who submits for peer review. An author may want someone else to review it, but an author wouldn't submit for peer review.

    8. Depending on whether the author is viewing a release or the draft branch, two options will appear: ‘Publish New Release’ or ‘Edit Document’

      I don't think I understand the difference between New Review and Edit? What I really want to be able to see her is what permissions/rights do I have, I think. Is that meant to be conveyed by the tiny text in the leftmost button?

    9. Branch + Merge Request + Conversation space.

      Some branches may be intended to never merge with any others--like translations or classroom groups.

    10. a space

      Potentially many spaces, one per class section. New groups per term, etc.

    11. author

      Team of collaborators want to review portions of documents before sharing with the rest of the group/public.

    12. author

      or Editor

  29. Dec 2019
    1. She did the foundational work that led to the COBOL programming language, used in mission-critical computing systems for decades (including today)

      Everybody should know her name, if for this alone.