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  1. Dec 2022
    1. https://www.dalekeiger.net/tironean-shorthand/

      Potential links between Tironian shorthand and mnemonics of the 1800s?

    2. Thomas Becket brought it back

      Thomas Becket brought back Tironian shorthand after monasteries had stopped using it.

    3. In the Admonitio generalis (General admonition), an important collection of legislation issued in 789, the most famous Carolingian ruler, Charlemagne, implored that schools be established for the learning of not only the Psalms, chant, and grammar, but also notae, or ‘written signs.’
    4. monastic scribes in the Middle Ages who not only employed it, but expanded it to around 14,000 symbols. (!) Most of the documentation dates from the Carolingian dynasty in the 8th and 9th centuries.
    5. No one can say how many symbols Tiro came up with — presumably he wrote it down, but no such key is known to have survived — but successors began adding to it until, according to Isidore of Seville writing around 630 CE, no less than Seneca himself had topped it up to 5,000 symbols.