1,236 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2021
    1. i'll be  living aboard the mothership from parliament

      Likely a reference to the "Mothership" spaceship of Dr. Funkenstein, an alter ego of Parliament's George Clinton.

  2. Jun 2021
    1. the Hypothesis sidebar

      See how you can highlight some words on the page and add an annotation? Use the links above to sign in to or create a Hypothesis account.

    1. Te Hiku Media gathered huge swathes of Māori language data. Corporates are now trying to get the rights to it

      Example of tension between indigenous IP and commercial use.

    1. We hope to develop a license that is an international example for indigenous people's retention of mana over data and other intellectual property in a Western construct.

      Indigenous people's license example.

    1. Engineering and the sciences have, to a greater degree, been spared this isolation and genetic drift because of crass commercial necessity.

      Or maybe rather, engineering and the sciences, have, to a greater degree, been very differently shaped due to their different connections to commercial forces.

      Critical theory invites us to step away from an idea of there being some kind of realm of pure, valid thinking/knowledge that might be corrupted/shaped by either academic structures (as Morningstar finds in critical theory), or commerce (as Morningstar finds in engineering and science), or connections to reality and instead explore how any human practice is connected to, shaped by and shaping of all those things and more.

    2. It is a cautionary lesson about the consequences of allowing a branch of academia that has been entrusted with the study of important problems to become isolated and inbred.

      Morningstar is on to something here in explaining critical theory's faults as the result of some structural, social/culture forces, but ends up misrecognizing his own insight for something that derives from intrinsic qualities of critical theory itself rather than how it participates in specific historical periods.

    3. Buried in the muck, however, are a set of important and interesting ideas: that in reading a work it is illuminating to consider the contrast between what is said and what is not said, between what is explicit and what is assumed, and that popular notions of truth and value depend to a disturbingly high degree on the reader's credulity and willingness to accept the text's own claims as to its validity.

      Morningstar steps away from his clever ridicule to finally reveal what he found valuable in his exploration of critical theory.

    4. Baudrillard

      Surprised to see Baudrillard categorized as harder? more opaque? more sophisticated? than Derrida... Someone who had read both might switch the order...

    5. he intellectual equivalent of peacock feathers

      I can't find it right now, but recently came across an example of how a different field, perhaps closer to Morningstar's, has experienced a kind of "drift", wherein a sizable portion of artificial intelligence research was characterized as being of low quality and published only due to a small "in group" colluding.

    6. Another minor point, by the way, is that we don't say that we deconstruct the text but that the text deconstructs itself. This way it looks less like we are making things up.

      One of the things critical theory does is try to understand how culture works beyond this or that individual human interaction with say, one specific text. Part of this line of thinking is that culture (a critical theorist might say "discourse") has its own patterns, histories, structures, effects, etc. This might be why Morningstar finds the idea that a text could "deconstruct itself" fantastical.

    7. being gainfully employed, I don't have to worry about graduation or tenure

      Again Morningstar shows a lack of recognition that academia (most especially in the USA) operates in a marketplace, even though he describes some of its market characteristics elsewhere.

    8. Programmers and computer scientists may find the concept of a hierarchy consisting of only two elements to be a bit odd

      So for example, if a computer program had one primary database and one replica of the primary database that copied the primary database nightly, a computer scientist wouldn't recognize that setup as a hierarchy with two elements?

    9. cheap trick

      Does Morningstar think that math too suffers from the same issues he finds in critical theory, or just Godel's incompleteness theorem (I'm assuming that's what Morningstar is alluding to)? Explore a deep discussion about whether Godel's incompleteness theorem is a cheap trick.

    10. stir up metaphysical confusion by questioning the very idea of labels and categories

      Or is questioning labels and categories a quite legitimate move given that one of the primary focuses of critical theory is to look at how labels and catetgories shape understanding?

    11. with a sufficient amount of clever handwaving and artful verbiage, you can interpret any piece of writing as a statement about anything at all

      Morningstar's big takeaway.

    12. guilty suspects

      Morningstar frames his inquiry as a crime investigation.

    13. one of the beliefs that seems to be characteristic of the postmodernist mind set is the idea that politics and cleverness are the basis for all judgments about quality or truth, regardless of the subject matter or who is making the judgment

      hmmm...this needs to be unpacked...I might start by suggesting that critical theory does indeed often explore how judgements of quality and truth are shaped by politics, power, desire, knowledge, etc, but that's not a point against such work, but rather a recognition of part of its main practice.

      Cleverness is another matter...there's quite a bit of cleverness here in Morningstar's post, so should we judge it less worthy?

    14. an isolated population with unique selective pressures resulting in evolutionary divergence from the mainland population

      I would suggest a different understanding: Much of what's happened in critical theory (especially the parts more visible to "outsiders") is deeply embedded in "mainland" contexts, including, most importantly for critical theory, being embedded in the expansion of higher education in the USA after the GI Bill and the long tradition of "pragmatic" thinking in mainstream US thought that may find its roots in Protestantism and flower in the mythic "American" "everyman".

    15. Contrast this situation with that of academia.

      Morningstar misses here how he goes on to describe exactly how academia acts as a marketplace and how academics do get paid by convincing somebody else that "what [they] are doing is worth" payment. The idea that academia is not participating in market-based dynamics seems like just the old "ivory tower" myth.

    16. in order to remain employed I have to convince somebody else that what I'm doing is worth having them pay for it

      hmmm...so projects that participate in the marketplace are inherently...what? this needs to be thought through...see below where Morningstar returns to this point and suggests the answer is something like "more tied to reality".

    17. require precise language in order to talk about it clearly

      This is a key point: Complex, unobvious topics can not always be talked about in simple, plain language anyone can understand. There are texts that needlessly obfuscate and maybe something easier to understand can be said about almost anything by way of an introduction or at least to explain "why it matters", but critical theory at its core is pretty deep work, resting on a lot of other material (eg, philosophy), and exploring areas that a lot of folks aren't deeply acquainted with. The fact that much critical theory is not easy of a newcomer to understand is not proof that it is bogus.

    18. On Deconstruction by Jonathan Culler

      I wouldn't recommend Culler's worthy book as a primer — it's more like an advanced read. One might actually do far better just reading wikipedia entries on a few critical theorists and theories, or maybe a book like Terry Eagleton's Literary Theory, which I might not agree with in places but can be an approachable starting place for someone new to critical theory.

    19. I figured that one of three cases must apply. It could be that there was truly some content there of value, once you learned the lingo. If this was the case, then I wanted to know what it was. On the other hand, perhaps there was actually content there but it was bogus (my working hypothesis), in which case I wanted to be able to respond to it credibly. On the third hand, maybe there was no content there after all, in which case I wanted to be able to write these clowns off without feeling guilty that I hadn't given them due consideration.

      These seem like the three most common uninformed opinions about critical theory, with maybe the middle being most commonly held, though perhaps in close competition with the third, but with most adherents unwilling to undertake Morningstar's due diligence and so just jump directly to writing it all off as the bogus work of clowns.

  3. May 2021
    1. an iterative process of knowledge production through reference, review, and refinement

      After reading Chapter 5, "Annotation Expresses Power" in Remi and Antero's book, Annotation, I know there is more lurking behind this idea of scholarship as a "great conversation", iterating and refining, but also inscribing, foreclosing, opening, diverting, eliding, obscuring, (dis)empowering, apologizing, justifying, (de)mystifying, and in so many other ways being so much other than a collective project toward greater enlightenment...

    1. I allow nothing for losses by death, but on the contrary shall presently take credit 4. pr. cent pr. annum for their increase over & above keepg. up their own numbers.

      Perhaps one of the most telling annotations in history: Where Jefferson annotates his own 1792 letter to Washington to herald the profit in breeding enslaved people.

      You can also see an image of the actual letter on page 4/5: Thomas Jefferson to George Washington, Notes. -06-18, 1792. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/mtjbib006309/.

      Hat tip to Stuart Pace and Henry Wiencek's Smithsonian article, "The Dark Side of Thomas Jefferson".

    1. A Letter on Justice and Open Debate

      I read this letter with growing unease as it seems to be participating in the increasingly common rhetoric where otherwise well-meaning progressives get caught up in what I think is a "panic" manufactured by rightist propaganda. The panic about "cancel culture" and a progressive undermining of free speech seems like the evolution of the older rightist culture wars panic about "political correctness".

      A couple of other readings have helped me think about this more deeply. You can read and respond to my annotations on each at the following links:

    1. The absence of deliberation in chastising bad actors, misconstrued as the outcome of cancel culture, is a fault of the elites’ inability to adequately conceive of the impact social media connectivity has for shifting the power dynamics of the public sphere in the digital age.

      Wow. Clark takes the Harper's letter signatories to task for not understanding how public spheres work now with social media in the mix. Reminded of how nostalgia for "the way things used to be" (but never really existed) runs deep in all critiques like that letter...

      See my growing list of works I read to augment my thinking about the cancel culture moral panic and that letter in Harper's.

    1. flexible grading policies

      I'm especially attracted to the #ungrading work I've been watching from folks like Mary Klann and David Buck...and I know there are so many more people working with authentic and alternative assessment practices...

    2. We as parents will always give more to our kids than they will give us,

      This is likely true: parents give to their kids in ways we ourselves probably can't remember or truly know. Lately, however — and maybe this is because my kids have reached a certain age — I feel like I've been getting more from my kids than I'm giving, both in care and intellectually.

      I wonder how I might teach differently if my expectation were always that I would be getting more from my students than they might get from me?

    3. Twitter group DMs with international friends

      For me too such international group conversations have been immensely sustaining during the pandemic, and a deep source of learning and laughter. Many of us don't even really know each other that well and have not ever met in person, but our guards are down, our empathy is up, and almost any topic elicits some thoughtful response, or at least acknowledgement.

    4. Can you think of others?

      In the USA especially, I feel like teachers would benefit from much more care from society in general and government at all levels. In the USA, we pay lip service to the sacrifice and nobility of teachers, but also under-fund and under-value teaching and education generally.

    1. The future of the university as an open knowledge institution that institutionalizes diversity and contributes to a common resource of knowledge: a manifesto.

      A manifesto calling on universities to become fully open knowledge institutions.

    1. high-stakes nature of remote testing for both test administrators and students

      Are remote tests more high stakes than in-classroom tests?

  4. Apr 2021
    1. Higher Education Digital Capability Framework An open-source capability framework for higher education. 4 dimensions, 16 domains and 70+ capabilities.

      Digital education capability map/landscape from https://www.holoniq.com.

    1. 2021 Global Learning Landscape An open source taxonomy for the future of education. Mapping the learning and talent innovation landscape.

      CC BY licensed framework for education landscapes from https://www.holoniq.com

    1. R & D for Learning, Education, & Training

      NLET focuses on K12 data, math and pathways.

    Tags

    Annotators

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    1. evolve our decision-making structures to more directly imbue care, equity, and representation into our work and leadership

      A way of talking about what needs to be done in organizations to better support equity/representation.

  5. Mar 2021
    1. A more useful model is to understand all realms of the qualitative, ethnographic and quantitative experimental paradigms, and to seek balance in employing methodologies appropriate to the context and timing of research questions in the human-centered design process.

      On balancing informal qualitative and formal quantitative approaches to human-centered design.

  6. Feb 2021
    1. It is only through broad public conversations and beginning to see the consequences of some of the approaches I was taking that I have come to fully appreciate the severe limits of technocracy. In that case, as in all those above, there is a severe danger of great technical minds being wasted on an arrogant pursuit of remaking the world in their image, rather than contributing to a broader conversation.

      Laudable transparent self-reflection from the author. Would that more were so willing to change, and be public about their changing!

    2. those who don’t usually end up in jail

      This made me pause, given how many people end up in jail not because they haven't made themselves legible, but because they aren't seen as legible by the (technocratic) systems that jail people. I'd make this point differently...

    3. A primary goal of AI design should be not just alignment, but legibility, to ensure that the humans interacting with the AI know its goals and failure modes, allowing critique, reuse, constraint etc.

      Applying the thinking here to artificial intelligence...

    4. Yet the lack of technical formalizability does not imply there is nothing systematic about achieving legibility.

      On achieving legibility systematically.

    5. Designers must explicitly recognize and design for the fact that there is critical information necessary to make their designs succeed that a) lies in the minds of citizens outside the technocratic/designer class, b) will not be translated into the language of this class soon enough to avoid disastrous outcomes and c) does not fit into the thin formalism that designers allow for societal input.

      Explicit recipe to avoid dangers of technocracy.

    6. Keynesian planning and neoliberal privatization drives are superficially quite opposite tendencies. Yet deeper down they share the view that a thin formalism, based on aggregate statistics like inflation, GDP growth, output, interest rates, etc. as defined in the theory, are enough to process the wide range of social feedback necessary for sensible political and economic decision-making.

      Great example how seemingly opposed frameworks nevertheless participate in the same "technocratic" discursive formation.

    7. Brasilia stands as a monument in glass, steel and stone to the arrogance of technocracy

      Maybe for a film example, see Jacques Tati's Playtime.

    8. supported by a community of scientists and engineers that police the boundaries of what is considered valid and valued work within such a knowledge system

      Thinking here not just of active human boundary policing, but also boundaries enforced by discursive formations as Foucault might describe them, which seem well aligned with this analysis.

    9. Let us call this goal “fidelity”, as it tries to make the formal system as true to the world as possible and contrasts with “optimality”. Yet, as the same time, they must recognize that whatever they design, it will fail to capture critical elements of the world. In order to allow these failures to be corrected, it will be necessary for the designed system to be comprehensible by those outside the formal community, so they can incorporate the unformalized information through critique, reuse, recombination and broader conversation in informal language. Let us call this goal “legibility”.

      Where the author defines very useful terms of "fidelity" and "legibility".

    10. Constraints on this process based on democratic legitimacy or explicability, “common sense” restrictions on what should or shouldn’t be optimized, unstructured or verbal input into the process by those lacking formal training, etc. are all viewed as harmful noise at best and as destructive meddling by ill-informed politics at worst.

      Common issues with technocracy.

    11. Jorge Luis Borges noted that a fully accurate map would need to be as large as the region it mapped

      For more background on the Borges work where this idea appears, see "On Exactitude in Science".

  7. Jan 2021
    1. Mr. CICILLINE

      David Cicilline is a Democrat representing Rhode Island's first congressional district.

    1. Section 230 doesn’t say what many think it does

      For an alternate, critical view, read and annotate Hal Plotkin's post, "Undoing the Mistake of the Century.

    1. Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act was supposed to be a temporary fix. Times up.

      For an alternate view, supporting s230, read and annotate Jason Kelly's post, "Section 230 is Good, Actually.

  8. Nov 2020
    1. Lionizing individuals such as Lincoln and Finch not only erases the ways in which they have upheld racist ideas; it also minimizes (even erases) the roles played by everyday activists to push political leaders and lawyers such as Lincoln and Finch in the direction of justice.

      This has me thinking about the ways in which popular culture narratives like TV and movies participate in this lionization, especially with the preponderance of single (often white male) protagonist stories over stories about collective action.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vouoju4mETc

    1. Rascuache Technology Pedagogy: Making Do with a Confluence of Resources

      Extend the conversation from this session: Join us in an annotated conversation on readings related to Cruz Medina's session, including:

      A great example of multimodal rascuache thinking from Cyrus Dudgeon:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6K9ngh8XFFU

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    2. Creating Dialogue across Generations of Scholars: Revolutionary Scholarship for and with Latinx Students, Families, and Communities

      Extend the conversation from this session: Join us in an annotated conversation on the book Racial Shorthand: Coded Discrimination Contested in Social Media edited by Cruz Medina and Octavio Pimentel.

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    3. SHARE BRUNCH WITH OUR KEYNOTE SPEAKER

      Extend the conversation from this session: Join us in an annotated conversation on an in-depth interview with Ebony Flowers: "A Space Where Past, Present, and Future Come Together: Ebony Flowers on Hot Comb" by Nathan Scott McNamara.

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    4. Literacy with a Public Purpose: Leveraging Multimodality, Equity, and Civic Engagement in the ELA Classroom

      Extend the conversation from this session: Join the Marginal Syllabus community in an annotated conversation on readings related to this session.

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    5. Teaching English Education across Modalities through Digital Literacies

      Extend the conversation from this session: Join the Marginal Syllabus community in an annotated conversation on readings related to this session.

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    6. Equity, Access, and Community: Teaching and Supporting Learners across Online Course Models

      Extend the conversation from this session: Join us in an annotated conversation on readings selected by Jenae Cohn and Laura Gonzales to expand the conversation in their session:

      "'Wanted: Some Black Long Distance [Writers]':Blackboard Flava-Flavin and other AfroDigitalexperiences in the classroom" by Carmen Kynard

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    7. The Intersection of Restorative Justice and Literacy Instruction in the English Language Arts Context

      Extend the conversation from this session: Join us in an annotated conversation related to the themes of this session on Maisha T. Winn's blog post: "Transformative Justice Teacher Preparation."

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    1. Social Annotation and an Inclusive Praxis for Open Pedagogy in the College Classroom.

      This is a fantastic article, published in a journal that includes social annotation as core functionality.

    2. Strategies to Author Annotation as brave Writing

      Great resource for shaping "brave writing" experiences for educators and/or students.

    3. “the messiness of meaning- making”

      And when meaning making is not messy, by means of what process is it "cleaned up"? This has me thinking that "ordered" or "clean" learning is maybe always less, or at least less authentic, learning.

      "Pile of Covered Books" by Ryan Adams

    4. this article in the 2019– 20 LEARN syllabus
    5. Annotation, as critical writing, is a literal, symbolic, and social means of re- marking upon and speaking truth to power.

      This has me thinking about how social annotation performs a kind of "estrangement" that maybe breaks down boundaries between the creation/publication and the reception/reading of texts when words from the authors and readers intermix in the same experience.

    6. Annotation is first draft thinking.

      oh! Annotation is brave because it is "first draft thinking"!

    7. a wider com-munity of people out there that cares about equity and is ready and willing to engage in talking about it seriously

      Just heard this from another MS participant too: finding a community of other people out there who share my experience and concerns when that is sometimes hard to find "locally".

    8. It also means that my annotations are in the paths of others and I need to consider that, forcing me to add context and consideration to my own notes.

      Epiphany! Social annotating while reading brings to READING a stance I try to have when WRITING: considering an audience. Do I read differently when my annotations mean my reading has an audience?

    9. Hypoth-esis

      Hypothesis is deeply supportive of the Marginal Syllabus community and activities!

    10. advance a marginal counternarrative to conventional profes-sional development

      I wasn't expecting this third meaning for "marginal"...and its unexpectedness maybe illustrates its power: finding ways to advance professional development/community learning in environments that may not support the exploration of specific views and topics.

    1. a neighborhood wedged between the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay and Baltimore’s industrial infrastructure

      I can't wait for this! I love Baltimore and can only start to imagine how Ebony's special skills will tell some of its stories...

    2. my tools have changed over the years.

      You can see a bit of what I think may be Ebony's working space in this 2017 interview she did for her Rona Jaffee fellowship.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z1AQO3GQFFw

    3. Image Lab at the Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery

      Not sure if the lab is still going, but here's an article about its early days.

    4. Hot Comb will be a mirror for some people and a window for others

      This would be a great prompt for a reading response: "Is the reading a window or a mirror for you? Why?"

    5. I never questioned what the many hair-product ads were really trying to sell to me

      Another of Ebony's parody ads reminds me of the beauty product adds for brands like Goop, that make dubious scientific claims as a part of their sell.

    6. how my memories — and other people’s memories, too — are tied to the senses, particularly touch

      Multimedia > multisensual: How to convey touch through sight? Sound > taste? That seems like a whole world to explore...

      "green tile, scott richard" by torbakhopper

    7. By making comics, I was able to more fully share my multisensory fieldwork experience with research participants and people outside of both my field and academia.

      This is a cool idea: how a graphic study is actually superior to a text-based study!

    8. your dissertation as a comic
    9. A Space Where Past, Present, and Future Come Together: Ebony Flowers on Hot Comb

      Join the conversation! People are annotating this interview with Ebony Flowers in conjunction with her keynote at the 2020 convention of the National Council of Teachers of English.

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    1. He cites as a success story a 2018 incident in Maryland where a high school student killed an ex-girlfriend, injured another boy and then shot himself fatally as he was fired on by an SRO.

      This is a success story? Two dead, another shot and the SRO also firing shots?

    2. Federal data analyzed by the American Civil Liberties Union shows millions of students, especially students of color, attend schools that have police officers, but no nurse or school psychologist.

      How can this be seen as anything but an imbalance in priorities? If schools are so dangerous that their security has to be a higher priority even than student mental or physical health, we have a much bigger problem than police in schools can fix.

    1. Carmen Kynard

      You can learn more about Carmen Kynard on her personal website.

    2. “Wanted: Some Black Long Distance [Writers]”:Blackboard Flava-Flavin and other AfroDigitalexperiences in the classroom

      Join the conversation! People are annotating this article in conjunction with Jenae Cohn and Laura Gonzales in conjunction with their session at the 2020 convention of the National Council of Teachers of English.

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    1. Pranis, K. (Winter 2012). The restorative impulse. Tikkun Magazine, 27(1), 33-34.

      You can read and annotate Pranis's "The restorative Impulse" online.

    2. what is at stake if most teachers continue to assume no moral stance on the patterns associated with the active isolation and banishment of particular students in K–12 school contexts

      A strong call to teachers to enter fully into the what's happening...given how many different things teachers are already asked to do, is it too much to ask this of them too? Or is it essential that they do?

    3. Transformative Justice in Education Center
    4. Transformative Justice Teacher Preparation

      Join the conversation! People are annotating this blog post by Maisha T. Winn, "Transformative Justice Teacher Preparation" in conjunction with "The Intersection of Restorative Justice and Literacy Instruction in the English Language Arts Context," a session at the 2020 convention of the National Council of Teachers of English.

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    1. docker stack deploy -c docker-compose.yml dev

      I wasn't able to get the mysql image to build right unless I ran this from within the same directory containing docker-compose.yml.

    2. apache/vhosts.conf

      The crucial thing here is making sure the directory paths in your Apache vhosts file take into account the local to container mapping you made earlier.

    1. the rhetorical, oral, and aural traditions of these communities

      Because social annotation enables people to add media beyond text to annotations, like emoji 🤪, images, and videos, it makes it possible to turn any online text into a multimedia following the rascuache principles Cruz Medina talked about at #NCTE2020.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-st7uQ2MPU

    2. Racial Shorthand: Coded Discrimination Contested in Social Media

      Join the conversation! People are annotating this book in conjunction with sessions at the 2020 convention of the National Council of Teachers of English, like:

      Rascuache Technology Pedagogy: Making Do with a Confluence of Resources with Cruz Medina

      Creating Dialogue across Generations of Scholars: Revolutionary Scholarship for and with Latinx Students, Families, and Communities with Tracey Flores, Antero Garcia, Korina Jocson and many others.

      Need help getting started with social annotation? See a short guide to engaging in events with Hypothesis social annotation.

    1. make sure they train faculty

      One shift that could help: focus on teaching students rather than teaching content.

    2. How do you feel about learning online or using • technology in the classroom? Have your experiences been positive?

      In interviews I conducted with students studying remotely during the pandemic, every single one said that their technology skills had increased. One outcome of so many people moving to use online teaching and learning tools is they became more experienced and confident with online technologies in general.

    3. Consider free transportation for students who need wifi that’s unavailable at home

      This has been a tricky issue during the pandemic as transport for internet access may increase health risks. I have seen some EDUs also loan out wifi hotspots from the library.

    4. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

      This report, "Student Speak 2020", prepared by GlobalMindED in partnership with Every Learner Everywhere and The Equity Project, is the focus of an AnnotatED social annotation workshop during OLC Accelerate 2020. Read more about the workshop and join us in reading and discussing this report using annotation.

      OLC Accelerate 2020 speaker Flower Darby selected this report to foster discussion around the themes of her keynote and closing plenary.

  9. Oct 2020
    1. But what I think is largely responsible for this phenomenon they’re observing—without understanding—is Twitter.

      I was chagrined to see this move to put communication infrastructure as the root cause of a social-political phenomenon.

      It seems like Loofbourow buys the primary claim in the Harper's letter that there is a crisis in free speech, but wants to shift the blame from progressives to Twitter and Reddit et al. Rather than accepting the existence of the crisis in the Harper's letter (which pops up in other places too), I would instead focus on how that story of crisis has itself been generated and who benefits from its telling.

      The panic about "cancel culture" seems to grow directly out of the earlier panic about political correctness, continuing the rightist tradition of fear-mongering whenever new voices start to be heard.

      Notice that every example of information disorder Loofbourow outlines and blames on the Internet is a rightist challenge to broadening voices and identities. Is Twitter causing a crisis? Or are rightists using Internet platforms to sow discord and worry about that discord's effects?

      Blaming this manufactured crisis on the Internet smacks of technodeterminism, as if Twitter created not only the opportunity to troll, but the trolls themselves. The bigotry behind the trolling existed long before Twitter. The alarm we should sound is not that "cancel culture" has gone too far, but that otherwise well-meaning progressives are getting sucked into the rightist crisis narrative that all the new voices we are hearing are a threat to free speech.

      That all said, I certainly agree with Loofbourow that Internet platforms present serious issues, all the way from Twitter's inconsistency in managing violations of their terms of service, or Facebook's practice of accepting disinformative political advertising, up to whether ad supported social platforms can ever support healthy discourse.

    2. You can’t cut the far-right out of the picture, as if “censorious” rhetorical strategies emerged out of a void.

      Exactly, although I differ with Loofbourow on where to put primary focus to fill this void.

      Loofbourow is certainly correct that Internet platforms shape discourse, but I think there is another set of activities beyond the Internet that has been working hard to generate not just "'censorious' rhetorical strategies", but also a manufactured "panic" about their causes, scope and effects.

      Rightists would have us believe that there is a crisis in free speech, that it is ending civilization, and that it is caused by progressive political correctness run amok. At the same time that rightists are using the Internet precisely to foment all the bad faith conversation Loofbourow describes (and often baiting progressives to join them), they are also using the information disorder they generate as proof of their larger argument that political correctness and "cancel culture" are a significant threat. I don't buy it, and neither should the signers of the Harper's letter that inspired Loofbourow's response.

    3. Illiberalism Isn’t to Blame for the Death of Good-Faith Debate

      Join the annotated conversation around the original Letter on Justice and Open Debate in Harper's that inspired this response and other responses from various points of view.

    1. A Deeply Provincial View of Free Speech

      Join the annotated conversation around the original Letter on Justice and Open Debate in Harper's that inspired this response and other responses from various points of view.

    1. A More Specific Letter on Justice and Open Debate

      Join the annotated conversation around the original Letter on Justice and Open Debate in Harper's that inspired this response and other responses from various points of view.

    1. Freedom Means Can Rather Than Should: What the Harper’s Open Letter Gets Wrong

      Join the annotated conversation around the original Letter on Justice and Open Debate in Harper's that inspired this response and other responses from various points of view.

  10. Sep 2020
    1. But the academic experience could be continually refined and improved with the level of obsession that a company like Apple puts into improving every aspect of their customer experience.

      Echos a similar idea of "stickiness" that I wrote about back in 2011.

    2. There are two polar opposite narratives about the future of higher education that are both gaining traction at the moment.

      To extend the discussion, let's connect Michael's post to another thoughtful thinker about the future of higher education, Bryan Alexander. Specifically, two of Bryan's posts from roughly the same time (late September 2020):

    1. I believe that the bulk of institutions that will truly succeed going forward will not be those that win online, but on the contrary, those that do a good job establishing, maintaining, and conveying unique local experiences. Schools must reach inward to provide rich, meaningful, lasting, engaged experiences for their constituencies so people come, stay, and come back. Online, we call this “stickiness” and that will be EDU’s new metric for success: how sticky are you?

      I was reminded of this idea of "stickiness" that I wrote about long ago while reading Michael Feldstein's excellent recent 21 Sep 2020 post on the future of higher education during the time of COVID: Reports of Higher Education’s Death Have Been Moderately Exaggerated.

    1. In other words, what might the world look like if the pandemic continues at around the present level for several years?

      For another perspective, see Michael Feldstein's 21 Sep 2020 post, Reports of Higher Education’s Death Have Been Moderately Exaggerated.

  11. Aug 2020
    1. What is an Author?

      Perhaps my favorite short bit by Foucault. If you're going to read just one thing by him, maybe make this it.

    1. Hypothes.is, as a browser extension, allows students to annotate PDFs, webpages, and other media—but the annotations themselves must be solely text-based.

      This is not fully accurate: Hypothesis annotations are like mini-webpages and can include text, links, images, videos, and equations.

  12. Jul 2020
    1. drawing evidence-based conclusions

      One thing that is not obvious about Hypothesis, is that you can also use it to annotate data sheets — that's easiest if they are CSV files published on the web.

  13. Jun 2020
    1. Where Do Faculty Spend Their Time?

      Is this the research question for this work?

    2. Teaching Online: Where Do Faculty Spend Their Time?

      This document was used as a group annotation activity as part of the Research Summit at the Online Learning Consortium Innovate 2020 conference. There was another document also used in this exercise: Example Dissertation Chapter

      Research Annotated Treasure Hunt

      Can you find and add your answer to each of these as an annotation in the document below?

      1. Find the research question: What is the researcher trying to answer?
      2. Find the problems and calls to research: What is one problem or challenge was the researcher trying to address? What prompted this research?
      3. Find the due diligence: What did the researcher do (or look at) to see if the challenge could be addressed?
      4. Find the measurements: How did the researcher know that their change isn made an impact on the challenge?
      5. Find the big picture: What existing factors or barriers may have also impacted this challenge?
      6. Find the variables and methods: What data, people, or information did the researcher access to in order to address the challenge?
    1. viLIST OF FIGURES

      This document was used as a group annotation activity as part of the Research Summit at the Online Learning Consortium Innovate 2020 conference. There was another document also used in this exercise: Teaching Online: Where Do Faculty Spend Their Time?

      Research Annotated Treasure Hunt

      Can you find and add your answer to each of these as an annotation in the document below?

      1. Find the research question: What is the researcher trying to answer?
      2. Find the problems and calls to research: What is one problem or challenge was the researcher trying to address? What prompted this research?
      3. Find the due diligence: What did the researcher do (or look at) to see if the challenge could be addressed?
      4. Find the measurements: How did the researcher know that their change isn made an impact on the challenge?
      5. Find the big picture: What existing factors or barriers may have also impacted this challenge?
      6. Find the variables and methods: What data, people, or information did the researcher access to in order to address the challenge?
    1. Responses are not simply welcome but strongly desired.

      One way to respond to Kathleen's text is to participate in the already-vibrant discussion in the margin...if you don't already have one, sign up for a free individual Hypothesis account using the Sign Up link at the top of this sidebar or directly on the Hypothesis website.

    1. Literacies Teachers Need During Covid-19

      As a part of the AnnotatED Workshop before OLC Innovate 2020, a group of people will annotate this article by Maha Bali, along with the author herself.

      Learn more about Maha on her blog or follow @bali_maha on Twitter.

      Read along with us and add your own annotations using a free Hypothesis account you can also create using the link at the top of this sidebar.

      You can also explore all the annotations on this article a different way using visualizations and analytics at CROWDLAAERS from Remi Kalir and Francisco Perez.

  14. May 2020
    1. INTRODUCTION

      As a part of the AnnotatED Workshop before OLC Innovate 2020, a group of people will annotate this introduction to Martin Weller's book, 25 Years of Ed Tech, along with the author himself.

      Learn more about Martin on his blog or follow @mweller on Twitter.

      Read along with us and add your own annotations using a free Hypothesis account you can also create using the link at the top of this sidebar.

    2. Maha Bali,

      Learn more about Maha Bali on her blog, Reflecting Allowed, or follow @bali_maha on Twitter.

    1. All of those things will still happen to our young people. The question is, for middle-class kids, will they happen in such a safe and joyous place? Is there something about the campus environment that exposes young people — who are more creative, greater risk-takers, and more fearless — to the world and our problems and gives them the opportunity to craft better solutions? Will big tech’s entry into education reduce our humanity or create a net gain in stakeholder value?

      Let's flip this around: Rather than focusing on what will be safe and joyous for the middle class, what will be safe and joyous and life-changing personally and economically for the far larger group of people underneath the shrinking middle class? Will the improved and more widely credible online education this interview imagines serve first-generation college students better than the current system?

    1. The idea behind ACE is that we elevate three characteristics that are clear, context sensitive, values driven and mission aligned, and we use them to plan assignment-, course- and institution-level responses to COVID-19 in the areas of our university that are connected to teaching and learning.

      You know I love a good framework, and the ACE framework from Robin DeRosa is aces! Adaptability: create flexibility for learners (and everyone). Connection: connect activities beyond the classroom. Equity: include everyone.

    1. Social Learning theory is essentially – as the name suggests – an explanation of how we learn when we are in social contexts.
    1. With the Internet exploding with information resources and tools for learning, teachers can be facilitators of information with a greater emphasis on explanation and critical thinking as opposed to the dissemination source.

      Thinking about how collaborative annotation, like with Hypothesis, can enable teachers — and other students — to be facilitators of reading, rather than as the disseminators of the ideas contained in readings.

    1. Online education’s emphasis on scale, speed and efficiency may have the unfortunate side effects of portraying college teachers as nothing more than content-delivery workers and reducing higher education to an exercise in return-on-investment credentialing.

      This is the heart of how online education has been driven to date: if we don't work to change these driving forces, the ill-effects we've already seen will accelerate.

    2. including allegedly “impractical” degrees such as philosophy, art history, and English

      See the AAC&U's work with employers on the value of liberal education.

    3. Whatever the case, I usually feel depleted rather than energized at the end of an online class session.

      Social reading and collaborative annotation (like we are doing here) provide another way for teachers and students to engage with learning: gathering on readings when it's not possible to gather face-to-face.

  15. Apr 2020
    1. Let mans Soule be a Spheare

      Like so many Donne poems, he makes great use here of astronomical imagery. I love this idea of the soul being like a spinning planet in the body, "being by others hurried every day", affected by gravitational pulls of "pleasure or businesse". What is your soul's "first mover"? By what is your soul "whirld"?

    1. Getting Started

      If you would like to start by integrating Hypothesis into your learning management system (LMS) instead, reach out to us at Hypothesis.

    2. It is free

      Hypothesis offers and will continue to offer free annotation capabilities for people to use across the web.

      To sustain our project, Hypothesis arranges paid partnerships with institutions looking to use annotation at scale and with integration into their learning management systems for single sign-on, automatic private groups, dedicated support, service -level agreements, dashboards on usage at the class and institutional levels, participation in the AnnotatED community, and more.

      In response to the current COVID-19 crisis, Hypothesis has waived all institutional costs for at least 2020.

  16. Mar 2020
    1. Visit past editions of the Horizon Report with annotation enabled and browse/subscribe to a Twitter list of Horizon Report contributors past and present.

      1. 2019
      2. 2018
      3. 2017
      4. 2016
      5. 2015
      6. 2014
      7. 2013
      8. 2012
      9. 2011
      10. 2010
      11. 2009
      12. 2008
      13. 2007
      14. 2006
      15. 2005
      16. 2004
    2. Malcolm Brown, Mark McCormack, Jamie Reeves, D. Christopher Brooks, and Susan Grajek, with Bryan Alexander, Maha Bali, Stephanie Bulger, Shawna Dark, Nicole Engelbert, Kevin Gannon, Adrienne Gauthier, David Gibson, Rob Gibson, Brigitte Lundin, George Veletsianos, and Nicole Weber

      Visit the primary 2020 EDUCAUSE Horizon Report authors on Twitter. You can also browse and subscribe to a Twitter list that collects all the Horizon Report contributors that I could find from the 2020 and 2019 reports.

      1. Malcolm Brown: @mbbrown
      2. Mark McCormack: @MarkMcCNash1
      3. Jamie Reeves: @Jamie_l0u
      4. D. Christopher Brooks: @DCBPhDV2
      5. Susan Grajek: @sgrajek
      6. Bryan Alexander: @BryanAlexander
      7. Maha Bali: @Bali_Maha
      8. Stephanie Bulger: @sdccdBulger
      9. Shawna Dark: @ShawnaDark
      10. Nicole Engelbert: @nengelbert
      11. Kevin Gannon: @TheTattooedProf
      12. Adrienne Gauthier: @ajgauthier
      13. David Gibson: @davidgibson
      14. Rob Gibson: @rgibson1
      15. Brigitte Lundin: @brigittelundin
      16. George Veletsianos: @veletsianos
      17. Nicole Weber: @nwebs
    3. However, there is skepticism about AI’s ability to replace human teaching in activities such as judging writing style, and some have expressed concern that policy makers could use AI to justify replacing (young) human labor.

      Maha describes here the primary concern I have with the pursuit of both AI and adaptive technologies in education. Not that the designers of such tools are attempting to replace human interaction, but that the spread of "robotic" educational tools will accelerate the drive to further reduce human-powered teaching and learning, leading perhaps to class-based divisions in educational experiences like Maha imagines here.

      AI and adaptive tool designers often say that they are hoping their technologies will free up time for human teachers to focus on more impactful educational practices. However, we already see how technologies that reduce human labor often lead to further reductions the use of human teachers — not their increase. As Maha points out, that's a social and economic issue, not a technology issue. If we focus on building tools rather than revalorizing human-powered education, I fear we are accelerating the devaluation of education already taking place.

    4. Maha Bali

      You can learn more about Maha Bali from her faculty page at the American University in Cairo, on her blog "Reflecting Allowed, and from her Twitter stream at @Bali_Maha.

    5. Political Polarization

      And important: the role media plays in political polarization. On this topic, I've found works from the Pew useful, like "U.S. Media Polarization and the 2020 Election: A Nation Divided":

      "As the U.S. enters a heated 2020 presidential election year, a new Pew Research Center report finds that Republicans and Democrats place their trust in two nearly inverse news media environments."

      Also useful are works from Data & Society like "Media, Technology, Politics: six new pieces on the networked public sphere"

      "Although many people are anxious to understand how much influence old and new media had over the US presidential election, the reality is that we will never know comprehensively. We can, though, seek to understand how different cultural and technical factors are shaping the contemporary information landscape."

    6. Climate Change

      I wonder if we should promote climate change to be an over-arching meta-trend given how its effects will touch on all the other trends listed?

    7. Social

      Given the spread of the novel corona virus and COVID-19 as this report is published and it's already demonstrable effects on education (eg, instructional continuity), we might add a health dimension to this list of social trends.

    8. ifteen social, technological, economic, higher education, and political trends that signal departures from the past

      Social

      1. Well-Being and Mental Health
      2. Demographic Changes
      3. Equity and Fair Practices

      Technological

      1. Artificial Intelligence: Technology Implications
      2. Next-Generation Digital Learning Environment (NGDLE)
      3. Analytics and Privacy Questions

      Economic

      1. Cost of Higher Education
      2. Future of Work and Skills
      3. Climate Change

      Higher Education

      1. Changes in Student Population
      2. Alternative Pathways to Education
      3. Online Education

      Political

      1. Decrease in Higher Education Funding
      2. Value of Higher Education
      3. Political Polarization
    9. For sixteen years, the Horizon Report

      You can find all 16 previous editions of the Horizon Report online with annotation enabled. Some editions are also published in different languages on the EDUCAUSE website.

      1. 2019
      2. 2018
      3. 2017
      4. 2016
      5. 2015
      6. 2014
      7. 2013
      8. 2012
      9. 2011
      10. 2010
      11. 2009
      12. 2008
      13. 2007
      14. 2006
      15. 2005
      16. 2004
    10. ExPErt PanEl roStEr

      You can browse/subscribe to a Twitter list of Horizon Report contributors past and present.

  17. Feb 2020
  18. Dec 2019
    1. Digital Transformation: Reading the Signals

      Slides for EDUCAUSE digital transformation in EDU webinar from 18 Dec 2019.

    1. Digital transformation is a journey, not a destination. The digital transformation signals listed in this article indicate progress along the way and provide guideposts for the journey.

      Process of EDU digital transformation.

    1. In the context of sweeping social, economic, technological, and demographic changes, digital transformation (Dx) is a series of deep and coordinated culture, workforce, and technology shifts that enable new educational and operating models and transform an institution’s operations, strategic directions, and value proposition.

      Definition of digital transformation (DX).