89 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2019
    1. La définition de l’innovation selon Everett Rogers est un « processus par lequel une innovation est communiquée, à travers certains canaux, dans la durée, parmi les membres d’un système social ». En matière d’innovation en formation, le caractère innovant ou non d’un processus peut être précisé. La dilution de la technologie dans le fait social écarte la simple liaison entre technologie et innovation. La technologie est tellement présente qu’elle ne saurait être un indicateur suffisant d’innovation.

      Définition circulaire mais liée à une page wikipedia

  2. Mar 2019
    1. There is a serious crisis of discoverability. To overcome it, we have to tear down the walls of dark knowledge and invest in the open discovery infrastructure, esp. user interfaces.

    1. Psychological safety is an organizational climate in which individuals feel they can speak truthfully and openly about problems without fear of reprisal.

  3. Feb 2019
    1. at an age of cheap complex devices of great reliability and something is bound to come of it.

      Interesting parallel as Gordon Moore was thinking about it maybe around the same time, his paper was published in 1965 https://drive.google.com/file/d/0By83v5TWkGjvQkpBcXJKT1I1TTA/view

  4. Jan 2019
    1. The Grid is based around ideas familiar to Bitwig Studio

      The continuity between these new modular features and the rest of the DAW’s workflow probably has unexpected consequences. Before getting information about BWS3, one might have thought that the “Native Modular System” promised since the first version might still be an add-on. What the marketing copy around this “killer feature” makes clear, it’s the result of a very deliberate process from the start and it’ll make for a qualitatively different workflow.

    1. Suite à l’approbation du Message sur la promotion économique pour les années 2016 à 2019, le Conseil fédéral a fixé l’orientation de la politique régionale et touristique. Ces deux politiques accordent une importance fondamentale à la promotion de l’innovation.

      Un peu maigre au niveau d'une politique publique de l'innovation

    Tags

    Annotators

  5. Dec 2018
  6. app.getpocket.com app.getpocket.com
    1. When you look at those cities, you’ll also find some of the most innovative solutions to the way we conduct commerce. Not one-hour delivery or meal kits on demand, but the boom in a parallel retail model that is decidedly social and human focused.

      Less efficiency driven and more people/human oriented

  7. Nov 2018
    1. Others are implementing bedside ultra-sonography for procedures and diagnosis, pioneering methods of making rounds more patient- and family-centric, implementing unit-based leadership teams, or applying process-improvement ap-proaches such as the Toyota Pro-duction System to inpatient care.
    2. Many are developing early-warning pro-tocols in which electronic health record data are used to identify patients who are at risk for prob-lems such as sepsis or falls.
    3. Although we continue to be-lieve that the hospitalist model is the best guarantor of high-quality, efficient inpatient care, it’s clear that today’s pressures require in-novative approaches around this core. In addition to following pa-tients in post–acute care facili-ties, another modified approach is to have a subgroup of hospital-ists function as “comprehensivist” physicians who care for a small panel of the highest-risk, most frequently admitted outpatients and remain involved when hospi-talization is required. This model aims to blend the advantages of the hospitalist model for the vast majority (>95%) of inpatients with the potential advantages of conti-nuity for a small group of patients who are admitted repeatedly.
    1. Duffy points to the increase in health care interactions online and adds that he would like to see a pervasive culture of in-person care as last resort. “If every organizational decision, technology decision, process decision — assuming all the payment stuff, that’s kind of ticket of entry, transpires — if you view in-person as last resort, that will help pull systems across the country to a more consumer-forward Uber-like experience,” he says

      Biggest challenges to redesigning the health care system in a way that would work better for patients and improve health

    1. Deyo et al. (8) demonstrated a reduction in the adverse impact of inadequate health literacy in the neurosurgical field. The impact of an interactive videodisc program that informs patients of their treatment options for back surgery on patient outcome and surgical choices was evaluated. The program helped facilitate decision making and ensured informed consent. It also reduced surgery rates for patients with herniated disks. The authors of this study also implemented the use of patient-oriented multimedia to augment comprehension and advocated a similar strategy for other clinicians. Further commitment is needed to put health literacy at the forefront of improving health care and reducing health expenditures, especially in neurosurgery.
    1. Instructional Design Strategies for Intensive Online Courses: An Objectivist-Constructivist Blended Approach

      This was an excellent article Chen (2007) in defining and laying out how a blended learning approach of objectivist and constructivist instructional strategies work well in online instruction and the use of an actual online course as a study example.

      RATING: 4/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. Distance Education Trends: Integrating new technologies to foster student interaction and collaboration

      This article explores the interaction of student based learner-centered used of technology tools such as wikis, blogs and podcasts as new and emerging technology tools. With distance learning programs becoming more and more popular, software applications such as Writeboard, InstaCol and Imeem may become less of the software of choice. The article looks closely at the influence of technology and outcomes.

      RATING: 4/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. Individuals are most creative when provided space to follow their interests without sanction, when support and guidance are readily available, and when social community is fostered.

      "Support and guidance" is tricky. They're not binaries that are or are not available; they're large matrices of forms and degrees.

    2. My work, rooted in both theory and practice, reveals three things that are essential to bringing individuals into the circle of change: autonomy, guidance, and a sense of social community, or working toward a larger meaningful goal.
  8. Oct 2018
    1. Meanwhile, IT organizations are often defined by what's necessary rather than what's possible, and the cumulative weight of an increasingly complex communications infrastructure weighs ever heavier.

      In the middle of a deeper exploration of the 2014 edtech landscape.

    1. Inputs: the investment dollars and employee time devoted to innovation, along with the number of ideas that are gener­ated internally each month or sourced from customers, suppliers, and other out­siders. Throughputs: the number and quality of ideas that enter the pipeline after initial screening, the time it takes for those ideas to move from concept to proto­type to reality, and the notional value of the innovation pipe­line. Outputs: the number of innovations that reach the market in a given period, the percentage of revenue derived from new products and services, and the margin gains that are attributable to innovation. Leadership: the percentage of executive time that gets devoted to mentor­ing innovation projects, and 360-degree survey results that reveal the extent to which execu­tives are exhibiting pro-innovation behaviors. Competence: the percentage of employees who have been trained as business innovators, the percentage of employees who have qualified as innova­tion “black belts,” and changes in the quality of ideas that are being generated across the firm. Climate: the extent to which the firm’s management processes facilitate or frustrate innovation, and the progress that is being made in remov­ing innova­tion blockages. Efficiency: changes over time in the ratio of innovation outputs to inputs. Balance: the mix of different types of innova­tion (product, service, pricing, distribution, operations, etc.); differ­ent risk cate­go­ries (incremental improvements versus speculative ventures); and differ­ent time horizons.

      Some nice metrics for innovation in enterprise.

  9. Sep 2018
    1. performance curves beginning to level off – because of our inability to automate the design work needed to support further hardware improvements. Wed end up with some very powerful hardware, but without the ability to push it further

      Addressing the question of singularity, the author takes on an interesting perspective. One rationalization or opposing view is that technology is only as informational and intelligent as the creator itself. Just as the Mores conclude, "the computational competence of single neurons may be far higher than generally believed" and that "our present computer hardware might be [] 10 orders of magnitude short [compared to] our heads". This means that AI cannot surpass human intelligence as popularly believed. Rather, the article conjectures the possibility that if singularity were to occur, further innovation and improvements could never be made. I assume this is a biological and anatomical argument. Thus, implying that the technological constraints of AI cause it to be inferior to the biological makeup of the human brain. Thus, the author suggests that singularity can never really be fully realized.

  10. Aug 2018
    1. But whether a highly productive modern industrial society chooses to spend 3 or 7 percent of its GNP on defense rather than consumption is entirely a matter of that society's political priorities, which are in turn determined in the realm of consciousness.

      It's not so much the percentage on produced defense goods, but how quickly could a society ramp up production of goods, services, and people to defend itself compared to the militaries of its potential aggressors.

      In particular, most of the effort should go to the innovation side of war materiel. The innovation of the atomic bomb is a particularly nice example in that as a result of conceptualizing and then executing on it it allowed the US to win the war in the Pacific and hasten the end of war in Europe. Even if we otherwise had massive stockpiles of people or other weapons, our enemies could potentially have equaled them and dragged the war on interminably. It was the unknown unknown via innovation that unseated Japan and could potentially do the same to us based on innovation coming out of almost any country in the modern age.

    1. SynchroniCity is holding an open funding call for small and medium companies seeking to test ‘smart city’ solutions using IoT technology and to scale them to suit new markets.

    1. higher education has become widely regarded as a vehicle for driving innovation

      Is this true? I've witnessed quite the opposite as far as perceptions go.

  11. Jul 2018
    1. “When feedback data from large players is available to smaller competitors, then innovation…is not concentrated at the top,” he argues in “Reinventing Capitalism in the Age of Big Data”, a new book co-written with Thomas Ramge, a journalist.
    1. The notion of a governmental reboot seems fair enough. Government bureaucracies that grow over time can be anathema to innovation and efficiency. Technology has challenged the way we engage with all institutions, and the federal government could certainly improve its use of technology to better deliver services.
  12. Jun 2018
    1. Must those not presentlyidentified as creative be shown in fact to be inventors in order tobe fully recognized? Thisquestion suggests that we need to pay close attention to the tensions and contradictionsthat arise when we adopt a strategy that distributes practices previously identifiedexclusively with certain people and places (for example, with privileged white menworking in elite institutions of science and technology) across a wider landscape (one thatincludes women). In distributing those practices more widely, they are givencorrespondingly greater presence. A counter project, therefore, is to question the valueplaced on innovation itself. The aim is to understand how a fascination with change andtransformation might not be universal, but rather specifically located and with particularpolitical consequences for women, both in termsof the possibilities that are available tothem, and the visibility of their already existing contributions.
    2. Recent research on the actual work involved in putting technologies into usehighlights the mundane forms of inventive yet taken for granted labor, hidden in thebackground, that are necessary to the success of complex sociotechnical arrangements.
    1. Why are there poor in this world where technology has helped create sufficient abundance to provide for basic needs including food, homes and care for all?

      Innovations in Technology is more a proprietary community than open source.

  13. May 2018
    1. Although we graduate students into the larger economy, we educate them not to serve it but to shape it. We serve humanity first and foremost.

      Love these statements!

    2. higher education has always existed in the complex domain because it is a human system rather than a mechanical one

      Yes: a human system. Not merely a set of tools and processes to optimize.

    3. George Siemens suggests that the Cynefin framework may be the "best guidance . . . on how to function in our current context."

      Not surprised to find both @kreshleman and @bonstewart talking about Cynefin.

    4. Although we graduate students into the larger economy, we educate them not to serve it but to shape it.

      Shape, not serve: this is a key distinction!

  14. Apr 2018
    1. Public support for higher education is declining—in both dollars and respect—while Silicon Valley companies and other for-profits have moved in. Put simply, colleges are following the money.

      And so innovation is moving in the wrong direction? Or at least colleges and universities are following the market, SI, instead of developing based on their needs.

  15. Feb 2018
    1. the prolifery of breakthrough innovations that came pouring out of Doug's lab in the 1960s and '70s, probably more breakthroughs than any other lab in the history of computing before or since

      Well ain't that the truth!

  16. Dec 2017
    1. The head of a small university’s "academic innovation" office explains why that phrase isn’t a contradiction in terms, and how the office helps professors amplify creative approaches to teaching and learning.
  17. Nov 2017
    1. "potentiality" (to graft a concept by Anton Chekov from a literary to a technical context). This is the idea that within the use of every technical tool there is more than just the consciousness of that tool, there is also the possibility to spark something beyond those predefined use
    2. The idea that we can collaboratively build a platform that will frame the discourse and promote sharing is a promising aftereffect of the current MOOC backlash.

      Since the term “disruptive” has come to be associated with Clay Christensen’s model, there might be something closer to a reappropriation model like Hippies appropriating VW Beetles, Roadsworth painting pedestrian crossings into zippers, or circuit benders making musical instruments out of old toys. Somewhere, someone may subvert a MOOC into something useful. In fact, Arshad Ahmad once described a successful MOOC which had lost its instructors. Learners started owning their learning activities.

    3. mandate the use of "learning management systems."

      Therein lies the rub. Mandated systems are a radically different thing from “systems which are available for use”. This quote from the aforelinked IHE piece is quite telling:

      “I want somebody to fight!” Crouch said. “These things are not cheap -- 300 grand or something like that? ... I want people to want it! When you’re trying to buy something, you want them to work at it!”

      In the end, it’s about “procurement”, which is quite different from “adoption” which is itself quite different from “appropriation”.

    4. instances of broad, culture-shifting experimentation along these lines in higher education can be counted on one hand

      Let’s count them! And there’s something interesting about this contrast between experimentation and disruption. The latter may be about shifting profit centres. The former may be about learning.

    1. Innovation involves the acceptance of the goals of a culture but the rejection of the traditional and/or legitimate means of attaining those goals. For example, a member of the Mafia values wealth but employs alternative means of attaining his wealth; in this example, the Mafia member’s means would be deviant.
    1. The considerations which have governed the specification of languages to be taught by the professor of Modern Languages were that the French is the language of general intercourse among nations, and as a depository of human Science is unsurpassed by any other language living or dead: that the Spanish is highly interesting to us, as the language spoken by so great a portion of the inhabitants of our Continents, with whom we shall possibly have great intercourse ere long; and is that also in which is written the greater part of the early history of America.

      This excerpt Is remarkable because in order to feel the need to establish a new university, the board must have seen discrepancies in education amongst the other universities of the day. Languages being a missing component of a university that was of need to be changed is interesting since the board's purpose of including it so specifically shows that UVA was meant to be very cutting edge. It is mentioned that Spanish and French are needed to communicate with the other people of the Americas, which shows that the boar meant to educate generations of men who should amount to great stature in order to be needing these skills. This nuance shows me to me the thriving character of UVA, which is an education that is very practical.

      Muhammad Amjad

  18. Oct 2017
  19. Sep 2017
    1. Badging may be seen as an alternative to traditional forms of educational assessment and recognition. Traditional systems for recognizing learning – letter grades, transcripts, or even diplomas– may not be able to fully demonstrate students’ actual learning or achievements. Digital badging would allow metadata to be attached to each badge, bringing together valuable information about the criteria for earning the badge, the institution or instructor behind the badge, the date the badge was earned, descriptions or copies of assessment tools, or even examples of actual work submitted to receive the badge. [4] Additionally, as a form of micro-credentialing, badging would help document specific learning achievement along a larger path towards general achievement.

      This is a good idea for large, multi-site libraries. Staff have trouble leaving the branch for training, and have no incentive to increase their skills. Badges would be a tangible result, which (ideally) would accrue over time to illustrate an upward trend in skill development. An extrinsic motivator, true, but also a record of effort and time expended.

    1. I guess the big take away for me is that what I have heard from our community compels me to try to shift my focus from satisfying immediate user needs by continually improving the tools at hand to making progress and supporting progress towards a discovery environment we can’t yet imagine (because most of us are not Muriel Cooper) but which provides fun, intuitive, maybe immersive opportunities for discovery.

      I am interested in this sentiment, and how I might support it through our work at SAGE.

  20. Jun 2017
    1. Thomas Edison or other mythic geniuses.

      In 2017 most people (outside of students) have access to counter narratives: Edison was a patent pirate, actual geniuses like Tesla and Jobs are flawed people, academic biographies are more hagiographic than factual...

    2. You’ll see lots of lightbulbs

      Sometimes a light bulb is just a light bulb. I made these high intensity short-arc mercury-vapor lamps used to micro-photolithograph masks onto silicon wafers before depositing the metal in a vacuum, firing the metal in a glass lined furnace, chopping the wafers into "chips" and soldering the leads to make "computer chips." I worked beside the glassblower that patented these lamps at his shop in Santa Clara, California, or, if you prefer; Silicon Valley.

  21. Mar 2017
    1. The ability to assemble ourselves quickly into groups capable of concentrating everyone's focus on a problem without the difficulties and consequences of bringing the participants together physically would seem to be the genuine successor to flight in anyone's register of the most important technological developme

      The importance of assembling people together ~= flight in importance

    1. the best chance for legitimate change comes from outside the discipline

      Or from outside context - for better or for worse.

      What one introduces from the outside is always risky...

  22. Feb 2017
    1. An educational framework integrated across social change methodologies would offer depth of content and breadth of experience, providing opportunities for students to develop their citizenship skills and hone their entrepreneurial abilities so that they can think and act effectively within systems. To develop such a framework, faculty, staff, and industry professionals will have to become changemakers themselves. We will need to understand the contexts of our diverse fields and institutions, build coalitions, and expand on each other’s experiences in new and creative ways as we support our students in pursuing social change.
  23. Jan 2017
    1. the ability of an organization to rapidly adapt and steer itself in a new direction

      This is critical for financial services, given the intensity and frequency of regulations this millenia (2002 on). Having an organization that is agile, in addition to having infrastructure that is agile. Imagine a mortgage company that can consume new regulations by reading, analyzing and implementing in operations, compliance (tracking, attestation, reporting) with relative ease - massive competitive advantage. Now imagine a mortgage company that innovates and is ahead of regulations and is ensuring that they are competitive through efficiencies and innovative products without introducing unnecessary risk to customers or to themselves through questionable practices. Possibly unstoppable?

  24. Aug 2016
    1. The problem, as Taylor explained, is that the rise of e-commerce and social media has lowered the cost of entry for new competitors.

      Sounds like a very quick summary of what Ben Thompson was saying two weeks ago. But, in this case, it’s from “the horse’s mouth”.

  25. Jul 2016
    1. He believed this would foster a new literacy, a literacy that would bring about a revolution akin to the changes brought about by the printing press in the 16th and 17th centuries.
    1. “innovation”

      The quotes are important. There are different approaches to innovation. The one described here may be pushed by politicians and administrators, but some would argue that it’s not innovation in the same sense as what either Eric Von Hippel or Michael Schragge might describe.

  26. Jun 2016
    1. Innovation isn’t always about technology, efficiency, speed, scale

      According to scholars like MIT’s Eric Von Hippel and Michael Schrage, innovation is about usage. Otherwise, it’s just novelty. But the innovation discourse often repurposes the term to be about R&D.

    1. What is development? How does it happen? How have ideas on development changed since the Second World War? This study guide to International Development: Ideas, Experience, and Prospects will help dig deeper into these questions. Each chapter features a summary of the main conclusions, discussion questions, and suggested readings. The Study Guide Quick Finder is at the bottom of each page.

      If you work in international development? If you are interested in learning more about the history and evolution of the thinking driving international cooperation. This is a site for you.

      The site offers the pre-print version of an IDRC publication entitled International Development: Ideas, Experience, and Prospects, edited by Bruce Currie-Alder, Ravi Kanbur, David M. Malone, and Rohinton Medhora.

      This is an interesting book brings together the voices of over ninety authors, which include international development practitioners, experts and policy makers.

      The site contains a study guide comprised by eight sections of the book, each with a number of chapters. Ideal to use for beginner or advanced courses in universities and as reference for day to day work in the field.

  27. Apr 2016
    1. the study of innovation shows that everything hinges on the hard work of taking a promising idea and making it work — technically, legally, financially, culturally, ecologically. Constraints are great enablers of innovation.
    2. But there’s a downside to the hackathon hype, and our research on designing workplace projects for innovation and learning reveals why. Innovation is usually a lurching journey of discovery and problem solving. Innovation is an iterative, often slow-moving process that requires patience and discipline. Hackathons, with their feverish pace, lack of parameters and winner-take-all culture, discourage this process. We could find few examples of hackathons that have directly led to market success.
    3. what if projects were designed to combine a hacking mindset with rigorous examination of the data and experience they glean? This would reward smart failures that reveal new insights and equip leaders with the information needed to rescale, pivot or axe their projects.

      Sounds somewhat like agile devlopment.

  28. Feb 2016
    1. why, despite all the material and human resources invested by major academic institutions, do these widespread IT systems do not bring generally speaking any great educational value, and fall even shorter from bringing the much expected innovation to learning?

      Is all ict investment directed at producing innovation in learning? What kinds of innovation are expected?

  29. Jan 2016
    1. social benefits it might bring in terms of user autonomy and community-building

      There are contexts in which these things matter more. Maybe worthwhile to start from there. Not focusing on business models or “does it scale”. But on a plethora of initiatives and pilot projects.

  30. Dec 2015
    1. Yes, my intention was to show the most easily replaced in dark and move it to the least easily replaced.

      One linear model, represented in something of a spiral… Agreed that the transformative experience is tough to “disrupt”, but the whole “content delivery” emphasis shows that the disruption isn’t so quick.

    1. Edward R. O'Neill

      • When someone asks for help solving a problem, they've probably already thought about it to the point of frustration.
      • They need a fresh perspective.
      • They may not have a clear idea what the problem is.
      • They may have defined the problem incorrectly.
      • Problem solving often requires periods of mind-wandering -- forgetting about the problem, and letting the mind make free connections.
      • They may be so focused on the problem that they aren't allowing their mind to wander.
      • One way to help them is by "leading them to positive, hopeful, self-focused daydreams about their goals."
    1. Specifically, the study’s authors found two types of information skills that correlated with maximum ideation power: idea scouting and idea connecting. Idea scouts are good at identifying external ideas from diverse experts and resources on Twitter, and they convert weak ties to strong ties, including in offline face to face conversations. Idea connectors are good at identifying business opportunities from the Twitter ideas they discover; they curate and direct those ideas to the best business stakeholders across their organizations.
    2. The more diverse your network of friends on Twitter, the more innovative your ideas tend to be. That’s the conclusion of a five-year study of hundreds of people across five companies, in industries ranging from technology to food production to higher education.
  31. Nov 2015
    1. Center  Priorities

      priorities

    2. Most  centers  (81%)  report  up  through  the  Provost  or  Academic  Affairs  Office.    The  remainder  report  to  the  CIO  (6%),  the  library  (2%)  or  “other”  units  such  as  a  special  learning  or  innovation
    3. Technology  is  often  not  the  leading  focus  of  most  of  these  efforts,  but  rather  viewed  as  a  tool  to  potentially  help  achieve  desired  outcomes.    UT-­‐Austin,  for  example,  has  created  an  Associate  Vice  Provost  for  Learning  Sciences  position  that  oversees  a  Learning  Sciences  group  that  includes  faculty  developers,  digital  content  developers,  technologists,  and  a  unified  learning  analytics  infrastructure.    Duke’s  center,  which  is  the  only  one  among  the  17  that  reports  up  through  the  library,  works  very  hard  to  take  faculty  who  come  in  wanting  to  test  a  new  technology  and  get  them  thinking,  instead,  about  transforming  their  course.    This  is  also  true  for  Carnegie  Mellon’s  Eberly  Center,  which  grounds  any  technical  solutions  in  the  desired  learning  outcomes
    1. In the past few years, many colleges have expanded the scale and scope of centers that support teaching and learning with technology, as part of an effort to build a new “innovation infrastructure” for instruction.

      Innovation infrastructure

  32. Oct 2015
    1. there will be more experimentation around content

      One would hope that the field is wide open for experimentation. Yet such dreams of creative endeavours get crushed by business models.

    1. a web-wide ‘Like’ feature could just be implemented as a special kind of annotation

      Unlike some other approaches to development, this acknowledgment that usage can push innovation could help expand Hypothesis beyond a core base of “annotation geeks”. Document-level annotations can serve to classify or evaluate, like social bookmarking. What’s wrong with that?

    1. The freedom to make and remake our cities and ourselves is, I want to argue, one of the most precious yet most neglected of our human rights.

      In an earlier paragraph: "If the city is the world which man created, it is the world in which he is henceforth condemned to live" and I interpret that with the text that I highlighted. I come up with an understanding that cities and the constructed environment at big scales coincides with our ability to make and recreate the cities and ourselves. It has to do with personal growth and change which evidently amounts to the growth and change of our cities. Both seemingly connected.

  33. Sep 2015
  34. Apr 2015
    1. Innovation in education isn’t about the latest gadget or app, or about how adept a student is at using a smartphone to consume the latest Internet meme. It’s about how technological tools can empower students to become who they want to be, and who we need them to be — the kind of children and young people who ask, “What can I improve? How can I help? What can I build?”
  35. Dec 2014
    1. However the Internet changes how governments work, I’m optimistic that it’s a good thing for governance.

      However, we have to be extremely wary of importing too many things from the technology world into governments. "Move fast and break things" is great when you can just roll out a patch, but not so good when it costs a generation their education or health care.

  36. Mar 2014
    1. mEDRA has been created as a solution for the need of the publishing industry to be supported in the technological innovation process by professionals with a deep understanding of the specific requirements and dynamics of the sector, that could provide specialised technological solutions and expertise.

      mEDRA brings toghther publishing and tecnology experise. This is an effective approach to digital disruption.

  37. Oct 2013
    1. And therefore we must be on our guard, lest, in striving to carry to a higher point the emotion we have excited, we rather lose what we have already gained.

      being alert and responsive to the mood of the listener, and knowing how to adjust effectively requires "presence" and practice