137 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2021
    1. Resources for alternative assessment options

      This section seems an odd juxtaposition --- no introduction or contrast to ungrading or alternative assessments.

  2. Oct 2019
  3. Nov 2018
  4. Feb 2017
    1. Researchsuggeststhatsocialmediaareleadingtoincreasedpoliticalac-tivity,saysJosephKahne,aprofessorofeducationatMillsCollege,inOak-land,Calif.,andchairmanoftheMacArthurFoundation’sResearchNet-workonYouthandParticipatoryPol-itics.

      Generate questions: How does social media impact young voters political participation and civic engagement? ** Potential focussed topic.

      Identify scholar's presence and interests.

    2. KaveriSubrah-manyam,aprofessorofpsychologyatCaliforniaStateUniversity,LosAnge-les.

      Follow leads: Try locating scholars in google scholar:

      Kaveri Subrahmanyan Skim the titles. Notice any areas that you might hone in on:

      • internet use impact on relationships
      • sexual identity and social media
      • teen well being and gaming
      • young women's attraction to video games
    3. “digitalnatives”—thegenera-tionthathasgrownuponline

      Look for cues: Notice terms and core definitions for reference and use in future searches.

    4. makeiteasierandmoretemptingtocommitidentityfraudandhoaxes.

      Generate questions you have about the topic: Is this a valid concern? Have others studied this? Is there evidence to support this?

      • Are frauds and hoaxes more prevalent and tempting on social media?
    5. LarryRosen,aprofessorofpsychologyatCalifor-niaStateUniversity,DominguezHills
    6. “TheNo.1problemisthattheUnit-edStatesdoesn’thavedata-protection”requirements,saysAliceMarwick,anassistantprofessorincommunicationandmediastudiesatFordhamUni-versityinNewYorkCity

      Follow leads: Why did the authors cite this 'expert'? Does she have other related works on the topic?



    7. nearly164millionAmer-icanswereusingsocialmedia,accordingtotheNewYorkCity-basedmedia-researchcompa-nyNielsen,andbyJuly2012thenumberhadrisen5per-cent,toabout172million.

      Follow leads: What is Nielsen? Might they supply more recent data?



      Look for cues: Skim the section and sub-section headings. Jump to the areas of interest to you.

    9. Tosome,suchdataminingendangerslong-cherishedprivacyrights,butsocialmediasupporterssayitisasmallpricetopayforthebenefitsofonlinesocializing.

      Identify: divergent viewpoints.

    10. Dosocialnetworkingsitesthreatenprivacyrights?

      Look for cues: Skim the intro for a broad indication of the issue.

    11. CharlesHarris,apo-liticalsciencemajorand2011graduateofWesternKentuckyUniversityHonorsCollege,inBowlingGreen,whoorga-nizedhislocaluniversitychapterofanationalpeaceandsustainabilitygroup

      Generate questions: How does social media influence activism and participation on social justice campaigns? *** Potential focussed topic. Sample search.

    12. TheDigitalDivide,”McAfee,June2012,www.mcafee.com/us/about/news/2012/q2/20120625-01.aspx

      Follow leads: What is McAfee? Why are they collecting this data?

    13. 2006Facebookopenstoanyoneage13orolder....Socialnetworkand“microblogging”siteTwitteropen

      Facts & background: Notice key events, dates, and people for context and knowledge building.

    14. NewYork-basedSixDegrees.com—waslaunchedin1997

      Facts & background: Notice key events, dates, and people for context and knowledge building.

    15. PopeBenedictXVIsendshisfirstTwittermessageduringhisweeklygeneralaudienceattheVaticanonDec.12,2012

      Facts & background: Notice key events, dates, and people for context and knowledge building.

    16. 1990byBritishtechnologyde-veloperTimBerners-Lee,

      Facts & background: Notice key events, dates, and people for context and knowledge building.

    17. Boyd,Danah,andAliceMarwick

      Follow leads: Look up the authors cited.


    18. E-Personality

      Look for cues: Notice terms you are unfamiliar with and use in future searches.

    19. AStanfordUniversitypsychiatristrecountshisexperiencestreatingpeoplewhohavecreatedsocialmediapersonasthataremuchmoreadventurous,risk-taking,confident,sexyandcharismaticthantheirreal-lifepersonalities.Thosepersonasoftencauseproblemsintherelationships—bothonlineandoffline—oftheircreators

      Generate questions: What characteristics do teens experiment with most in creating dual personalities online?

    20. Forbackground,seeDanahM.BoydandNicoleB.Ellison,“SocialNetworkSites:De-finition,History,andScholarship,”JournalofComputer-MediatedCommunications,October2007,article11,http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol13/issue1/boyd.ellison.html

      Follow leads: Hunt down citations.

    21. participatoryculture

      Look for cues: Notice specific terminology and phrases that are repeated.

    22. LastSeptemberinEurope,Facebookturnedoffitsfacial-recognitionsoftware,whichlinksnamestophotographedfacesbasedonotherphotosthatusershavealready“tagged”withaname.

      Generate questions: How do facial recognition tools impact privacy? Do cultures approach privacy matters differently? How? Why?

    23. ?

      Look for cues: Who cares about the issue? Who are the stakeholders? What might the opposing views be? Identify your own bias or opinions as you start the inquiry?

    24. user-generatedcontent

      Look for cues: Notice topic specific terms.

    25. knownasWeb2.0

      Look for cues: Notice terms and core definitions for reference and use in future searches.

    26. socialnetworkingsite(SNS)

      Look for cues: Notice terms or acronyms that you might use in future searches.

    27. TheEuropeanUnionrecentlyrequiredsocialmediasitestoturnofftheirfacial-recognitiontechnology.

      Notice: Geographical regions or areas upon which you might focus.

    28. “Thecivilityargumentdoesn’ttellthewholestory,”saidEvaGalperin,internationalfreedomofexpressioncoordinatoratthenonprofitElectronicFrontierFoundation,whichadvo-catesforonlineprivacy.Forinstance,“uncivildiscourse[is]aliveandwellinvenueswithreal-namepolicies(suchasFace-book),”shesaid

      Generate questions: What types of organizations advocate for internet privacy? Why? What is there motivation, mission, goals? Google person or organization.

    29. Chronology

      Generate questions: What time frame is important to your inquiry-- historical view, recent events?

    30. Sources:

      Follow leads: Find more recent data. Google the organization: Pew Internet and American Life Project. Skim for ideas.

    31. SocialMediaEngageConsumers

      Generate questions: How do businesses use social media to monitor consumers? How do they craft marketing campaigns based on these observations? ** Potential focussed topic.

    32. Teensareshowing“adecreaseinrisktaking”frompreviousgenerationswhenitcomestoexpressingthem-selvesandinteractingwithotherpeo-ple,saysKatieE.Davis,anassistantprofessorattheUniversityofWash-ingtonInformationSchoolinSeattle

      Generate questions: How does social media impact friendships and romantic relationships. ** Potential focussed topics. Sample search result.

    1. As Mia Zamora says, “Not thinking something is possible is indeed a failure of the imagination.” And, sometimes, the only way to imagine something is possible is to learn to look at the world from a different perspective. This attitude takes time and care to nurture.

      Empathy game Peter Elbow

  5. Dec 2016
  6. Nov 2016
    1. One of the most significant reforms that did come out of the Commission was ending the policy of lifetime terms for police chiefs.

      What ideas does the author offer? Does this prompt you to ask new questions?

    2. The cops in that case were ultimately held accountable, when federal prosecutors took up the case and secured convictions of four officers. And by some measures, the LAPD was transformed in the two decades that followed.

      What types of sources does the author use? How does she cite them? What does that tell you?

    3. By Nicole Flatow

      Who is this author?

    4. Protesters marching in August after the death of Michael Brown. CREDIT: AP PHOTO/CHARLIE RIEDEL

      What might the use of this image tell you about the author's purpose or the intended audience?

    5. ThinkProgress

      What is ThinkProgress? How might you learn more?

    1. Jill Nelson

      Who is Jill Nelson?

    2. Contents

      Do any of the chapter titles look especially interesting to you?

    3. Includes bibliographical references

      What does this mean?

    4. 265 pages ; 25 cm

      Does the length matter to you?

    5. an anthology

      What is an anthology?

  7. libguides.colorado.edu libguides.colorado.edu
    1. What About

      Do the title and sub-title reveal anything about the author's perspective?

    2. Wolverton, Joe, II, JD

      What do you know about the author?

    3. The New American

      Are you familiar with this publication? What type of source is it? How might you learn more? How is the information reviewed prior to publication? What does that tell you?

    1. A Washington Post database of fatal police shootings nationwide has yielded a widely cited statistic:

      Do the points that the authors make prompt new questions for you? How might you use some of the sources that they quote?

    2. Police officers have a lot of leeway in deciding whether to book people on certain charges. For instance, in some cities, nearly any minor pretext is enough for an officer to arrest a suspect on suspicion of assaulting a police officer. In New York, police are twice as likely to accuse suspects in misdemeanor drug cases of resisting arrest if the suspects are black.

      What is your evaluation of the sources that the authors cite?

    3. Some economists have criticized the report.

      How do the author's cite their references? What does that tell you?

    4. Diamond Reynolds cries outside the governor's residence Thursday in St. Paul, Minn. Reynolds's boyfriend, Philando Castile, was shot and killed after a traffic stop by police last Wednesday. (Jim Mone/AP)

      Does the use of this photo tell you anything about the article's appeal, audience, or purpose?

    5. By Max Ehrenfreund and Jeff Guo

      Who are these authors?

    1. f, for instance, blacks use their lived experience with police asevidence that the world is discriminatory, then it is easy to understand why black youth investless in human capital or black adults are more likely to believe discrimination is an importantdeterminant of economic outcomes.

      What conclusions is the author drawing here? Does this prompt you to ask new questions?

    2. To date, very few police departments across the country either collectdata on lower level uses of force or explicitly punish ocers for misuse of these tactics

      Does this statement reveal clues about the author's purpose?

    3. Yet, on the most extreme use of force { ocer-involvedshootings { we are unable to detect any racial di erences in either the raw data or when accountingfor controls

      How would you contextualize or summarize this statement?

    4. n non-lethal uses offorce, there are racial di erences { sometimes quite large { in police use of force, even after ac-counting for a large set of controls designed to account for important contextual and behavioralfactors at the time of the police-civilian interaction.

      How would you paraphrase this conclusion?

    5. References

      How might you use or employ the author's references?

    6. our fourth dataset contains a random sample of police-civilian interactions fromthe Houston police department from arrests codes in which lethal force is more likely to be justi ed:attempted capital murder of a public safety ocer, aggravated assault on a public safety ocer,resisting arrest, evading arrest, and interfering in arrest. Similar to the event studies above, thesedata come from arrests narratives that range in length from two to one hundred pages.

      Narrative sampls

    7. We use event sum-maries from all incidents in which an ocer discharges his weapon at civilians { including both hitsand misses { from three large cities in Texas (Austin, Dallas, Houston), six large Florida counties,and Los Angeles County, to construct a dataset in which one can investigate racial di erences inocer-involved shootings.


    8. Stop and Frisk is a practice of theNew York City police department in which police stop and question a pedestrian, then can friskthem for weapons or contraband. The dataset contains roughly ve million observations.


    9. e estimate the extent of racial di erences in police use of force using fourseparate datasets { two constructed for the purposes of this study

      What does the use of these data sets tell you about the author's conclusions?

    10. NBER Program

      Who sponsored or paid for this source?

      Hint: https://via.hypothes.is/http://www.nber.org/info.html

    11. Working Paper

      What is a working paper? What is unique about this source? How is it reviewed?

  8. Oct 2016

      The author provides additional resources and citations. What does that tell you? How might you use these?

    2. U.S.EnergyInformationAdministration

      Had you considered using government sources for your research? http://www.eia.gov/

    3. AmericanWindEnergyAssociation

      Had you heard of this association before? http://www.awea.org/

    4. April1,2011

      This report was published in 2011. What does that mean to you?


      Notice these headings.

      Does it remind you of other sources? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wind_power

      What does that tell you about the type of source?

      If this were your topic, how might you use these headings and sections to help your research?

    6. Supportersofwindenergyalsopointoutthatfargreaternumbersofbirddeaths—millionstotensofmil-lionsyearly—occurbecauseofpes-ticides,attacksbydomesticandferalcatsandcollisionswithwindows,ac-cordingtoFishandWildlifeServiceestimates

      Does the author represent multiple sides?

    7. MANAGINGEDITOR:ThomasJ.Billitteritjb@cqpress.comASSISTANTMANAGINGEDITOR:KathyKochkkoch@cqpress.comCONTRIBUTINGEDITOR:ThomasJ.Colintcolin@cqpress.comASSOCIATEEDITOR:KennethJostSTAFFWRITERS:MarciaClemmitt,PeterKatelCONTRIBUTINGWRITERS:SarahGlazer,AlanGreenblatt,BarbaraMantel,TomPrice,JenniferWeeksDESIGN/PRODUCTIONEDITOR:OluB.DavisASSISTANTEDITOR:DarrellDelaRosaFACTCHECKER:MichelleHarris

      What does this tell you about how the content is reviewed?


      Keep looking. Are there more details about the author?

    9. Source:“U.S.WindIndustryYear-End2010MarketReport,”AmericanWindEnergyAssociation,January2011,www.awea.org/learnabout/publications/loader.cfm?csModule=security/getfile&PageID=508

      Where is the author getting data? What does that tell you?

    10. DavidHosanskyisafreelancewriterintheDenverareawhospecializesinenvironmentalissues.HepreviouslywasaseniorwriteratCQWeeklyandtheFloridaTimes-UnioninJacksonville,wherehewastwicenominatedforaPulitzerPrize.HispreviousCQResearcherreportsinclude“FoodSafety”and“YouthSuicide

      Author details. What can you discover about him?

  9. libguides.colorado.edu libguides.colorado.edu
    1. As long as private, regional projects keep getting stymied-and as long as Clack's vision for a national system remains hypothetical-that will continue to be true.

      What does the ending tone tell you about the author's perspective and purpose?

    2. This hypothetical grid recalls the interstate highway system championed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in the 1950s.

      Author draws connection between current issues and past issues. Is he building towards a specific perspective?

    3. The most recent high-profile paper making this argument was published in January by researchers at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administra-tion and the University of Colorado at Boulder. Christopher Clack and col-leagues built a model to predict the long-term costs of putting all kinds of energy into the electrical system.

      Author cites researchers and universities. Does that impact your perception of the author's credibility?

    4. As Gates told the The Atlantic in November, "We need an energy mira-cle."

      Author credits language used by other authors, despite not using a formal citation style. What does that tell you about the author's credibility or purpose or audience?

    5. NE COLD EVENING in February 2008,

      The author begins with a story? What does that tone suggest about the intended-audience?

    6. A spokeswoman for the Electric Reliability Council of Texas subsequently explained, "The wind died out. That happens."

      The author does not include a citation. What does that tell you?

    7. A national system of electricity transmission could cut power-plant emissions by 80 percent.

      What does the sub-title tell you about the author's purpose?


      How could you find out more about the author?

    1. enewable and Sustainable EnergyReviews

      Journal title

    2. RenewableEnergy
    3. Why we still don’t understand the social aspects of wind power: A critique ofkey assumptions within the literature

      What does the title tell you about the author's purpose?

    4. Mhairi Aitken

      How can you find out more about the author?

    5. The five key assumptions which will be critiqued are:1. The majority of the public supports wind power.2. Opposition to wind power is therefore deviant.3. Opponents are ignorant or misinformed.4. The reason for understanding opposition is to overcome it.5. Trust is key
    6. enewable and Sustainable EnergyReviews

      The author cites this journal twice. Maybe investigate the journal for related articles or to determine credibility. http://www.sciencedirect.com.colorado.idm.oclc.org/science/journal/13640321

    7. Wind power and the NIMBY-myth: institutional capacity andthelimited significance of public support.
    8. References

      Might you look up any of these sources? If so why? how?

    9. may provide useful references forfuture debates relating to new or emerging energy technologies.

      Does this suggest any way you might use this research and analysis?

    10. As such it is likely that publicperceptions and responses will continue to be of crucialimportance.

      What does this tell you about the ongoing questions around this issue?

    11. The criticisms expressed within this paper should not be takenas being only relevant to the academic literature. The assumptionspresented here have been shown to find their way into policy andpractitioner debates as well as planning debates around particularproposed wind power developments (as highlighted above inrelation to NIMBYism).

      What does this tell you about the author's audience?

    12. has aimed to draw critical attention to keyassumptions underpinning the extant literature relating to publicattitudes and responses to wind power

      Author restates purpose of the paper.

    13. The majority of the public supports wind power.2. Opposition to wind power is therefore deviant.3. Opponents are ignorant or misinformed.4. The reason for understanding opposition is to overcome it.5. Trust is key.

      Author clearly indicates what she will do in the article. What does that mean to you?

    14. The arguments presented in this section resonate with theliterature relating to Public Understanding of Science (PUS). ThePUS movement arose in response to a perceived threat to thelegitimacy of science resulting from a breakdown of public trust(Gregory and Miller, 1998).

      Author identifies another core term or concept central to this issue.

    15. More balanced descriptionsof wind farm opponents and supporters are provided byBarryet al. (2008),Ellis et al. (2007)andBell et al. (2005).Barry et al.(2008)conducted a rhetorical analysis of documents written byboth supporters and opponents of wind power and confirmedthat

      The author is indicating that this work is more balanced than other citations. What does that say to you?

    16. A prominent example of this effect is the now widelydiscredited Not-In-My-BackYard (NIMBY) explanation. Accordingto NIMBY explanations of opposition to wind power develop-ments individuals or communities ‘favour wind power as anabstract concept but oppose wind power projects in their area’(Warren et al., 2005, p. 857).

      The author identifies key terminology and concepts in the issue. What does that say to you?

    17. It has been contended that new wind power developments arebecoming ever more difficult to realise and this is frequentlyattributed, at least partly, to localised public opposition to suchdevelopments (Barry et al., 2008;Bell et al., 2005;Devine-Wright,2007,Ellis et al., 2007;Peel and Lloyd, 2007)

      The author has included a number of citations and studies. What does that say to you?

    18. To support thisassumption it routinely refers to opinion poll data or the findingsof surveys to suggest that public support for the technology is, ingeneral, high (for example;Barry et al., 2008;Bell et al., 2005among many others). Although there is some evidence to suggestthat this may be true (seeMcGowan and Sauter, 2005;POST,2007),

      The authors is presenting arguments and counterarguments. Does that impact your perception of credibility?

    19. The literature relating topublic attitudes and responses to wind power is well-establishedand the assumptions identified within this literature haveimplications for how the technology is discussed in policy andpractice fields. Ultimately it impacts on how the technology isdeveloped and how opponents to its development are perceivedand responded to.

      What does this tell you about the author's purpose?

    1. locking away “the most dangerous” prisoners in ultra-high-security facilities where they’re confined to their cells 23hours a day, receive few visitors and are escorted by severalguards during their brief, solitary exercise outings.Some 57 prisons in at least 44 states follow the ultra-isolation“supermax” model

      Define key terms: Supermax: cell confinement, few visitors, solitary exercise.

    2. 2000 California voters approvedthe Substance Abuse and Crime Pre-vention Ac

      Identify key legislations.

  10. Sep 2016
    1. Students exhibit different patterns of thinking skills and respond differently to what we do in our classes. As the following example demonstrates, even brief moments of conversation can reveal differences among students


  11. Aug 2016
    1. Periodic attempts to bring attention to poverty through assuming poverty oneself—eating off a SNAP (food stamp) budget or sleeping outside—are regularly ridiculed as publicity stunts, but the impact on the participants is far from cosmetic.

      POLICY Statement describing the use of assuming poverty to address the issue.

      • Do these activities create other problems?
      • Is there change in politician's beliefs following experiences?
    2. Without a presence of poverty in their lives, politicians don’t come to witness or understand the realities on the ground—and perplexingly, few observers seem to advocate that this needs to change.


      Statement of consequences: if not corrected, politicians do not grasp the realities.

    3. Consequently, America’s political elite is often woefully out of touch with economic reality for those living in poverty—or even those struggling to stay out of it.

      QUALITY Statement of quality: the outcome of these issues are that politicians are cleally out of touch with the poor they represent.

      • How frequently do laws and legislation effectively correct issues of poverty?
      • Would more be possible if representatives were more economically divers?
    4. Political office most often comes through compounding connections, where a more-than-middle-class family, influential college peers, work associates, and other social and religious communities all provide a network of resources that ensures the connected become the elected.

      FACT Statement of fact: describes some of the causes of the issue: connections, influence, communities, resources.

      • What conditions lead towards likelihood of election?
      • What factors are most important?
    5. only 13 out of 783 members of Congress from 1999 to 2008 came from a “blue-collar” upbringing

      FACT Statement identifying conditions of the problem and characteristics of congress members.

      • How significantly have politician's salaries increased?

      • When did the disparity become so glaring?

    6. Politicians ought to physically encounter the circumstances of their constituents, to observe the trials of the most needy, and most importantly to experience the conditions themselves.

      POLICY Statement for change: politicians should encounter and experience poverty.

    7. Until larger economic trends are reversed, however, stopgap measures are the only resort.

      POLICY Statement clarifying that solutions suggested are a start but larger economic trends need to be altered.

    8. It’s not surprising that many of the champions for the poor rely on personal experience.

      POLICY Statement that personal experience is paramount to change.

    9. We can’t expect effective and humane policy without representatives who understand, witness, and investigate the experience that they control.

      QUALITY Statement identifying that without remedy policy and situations will not change.

    10. The U.S. spends among the lowest on the poor per capita in the OECD, is the least effective at reducing poverty, and consequently, faces the largest poverty problem.

      FACT Statement of fact: describe conditions that allow the problem to persist.

    11. the likelihood of poor or recently poor representatives in a democracy is slim.

      DEFINITION Statement describing the problem: that inability of low income citizens attaining office.

    12. The increased economic segregation of American neighborhoods means that members of Congress are less likely to mingle with poor, though Democrats tend to represent districts with greater inequality (and greater wealth) than Republicans.

      DEFINITION Statement of definition: it is both an economic and politcal problem.

    13. For the first time, more than half of the members of Congress are millionaires. Nearly 200 are multimillionaires. One hundred are worth more than $5 million; the top-10 deal in nine digits.

      FACT Statements describing current state of congress members incomes. Statement describing problem.

    1. California Crisis

      Geographical limiters and case studies.

    2. Quoted in “A Gathering Storm — ViolentCrime in America,” Police Executive ResearchForum, October 2006, p. 9, www.policefo-rum.org/upload/Gathering-Storm-PRINT-Final_110473745_1027200610304.pdf.

      Track down citations that look interesting to you.

    3. Should nonviolent drug offendersbe sent to prison?

      Sub-question and division in the topic. Also specifies a particular population in the issue. Maybe you wish to focus only on nonviolent drug offenses.

    4. Chronology

      Consider timeline and background. Decide the time frame you wish to investigate.

    5. PrisonRape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA)

      Note governmental agencies that compile data on the issue. Look for new data or current questions the data seeks to answer.

    6. California prison situ-ation represents an extremeversion of what many pris-oners’-rights advocates andlaw-enforcement officials calla national crisis created by thenation’s incarceration boom

      Look for specific geographical regions that may help focus your topic or supply specific case studies, examples, or stories.

    7. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Department of Justice

      Look for government agencies that compile data on the issue. Visit the website to locate new data or current questions the data seeks to answer.

    8. re-habilitation programs

      Notice solutions or changes suggested.

    9. Meanwhile, there has been a grow-ing movement to protect prisoners’ safe-ty, partly because some prisoners havebeen filing federal civil-rights lawsuitsclaiming their rights were violated byprison administrators who did not pro-tect them from rape.

      Possible sub-topic or focussed issue.

    10. The Sen-tencing Projec

      Possible organization: The Sentencing Project

    11. Vera Institute of Justice

      Possible organization Vera Institute of Justice

    12. lawmakers cut fundingfor drug and mental-health treatmentprograms — both inside and outsideof prisons — despite the fact that ad-dicts and the mentally ill make up adisproportionate percentage of the na-tion’s inmates

      Note areas where you are intrigued. Why were they cut? What were the arguments made? How has funding changed over time?

    13. Prison-reform advocates say the grow-ing crime statistics prove the nation’shigh incarceration rates — coupled witha trend away from prisoner educa-tion/rehabilitation programs — are notmaking society safer.

      Note arguments and sides of the debate. Advocates: educationrehabilitation programs

      Advocate organization: American Civil Liberties Union's National Prison Project

    14. We’re not incarcerating everybodywho should be incarcerated,”

      Note arguments or claims that help define the issue. You might focus your topic to one or two of these main claims rather than the entire topic.

    15. Jason DeParle

      Record names of significant, thinkers, scholars, authors

    16. Pew CharitableTrusts projects

      Notice the organizations, scholars, or institutions that the article uses to supply evidence.

      Try searching that site or organization for more up to date information.

      For example