192 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2021
  2. Dec 2020
    1. Material Design Lite is now in limited support, with development having moved to the Material Components for the web repository. No further development is taking place in MDL by the core team, but we are happy to review PRs, fix critical bugs and push out new releases. No breaking changes will be accepted.
  3. Nov 2020
    1. I'm still deeply working on it every day, i'm around 1/2 month away for a first preview release.
    2. @monkeythedev I am curious how do you "organize" your work - You forked https://github.com/hperrin/svelte-material-ui and https://github.com/hperrin/svelte-material-ui is not very active. Do you plan an independent project ? I hope the original author would return at some times, if not, i'll see
    3. Maybe @hperrin would be able to make an appearance and select a few additional maintainers to help out.
    1. All browers handle 302 incorrectly. Chrome 30, IE10. It became the de facto incorrect implementation; that cannot be changed because so many web-sites issue mistakenly issue 302. In fact ASP.net MVC incorrectly issues 302, depending on the fact that browsers handle it incorrectly.
  4. Oct 2020
    1. Someone who is skilled at acquiring and spreading information can have high status in the tribe. As receivers of gossip, we are excited to be “in on the secret.”

      A gossip-monger can be afforded status in the group because of what he knows.

    1. Long, H., correspondentEmailEmailBioEmailFollowEmail, H. L., Dam, rew V., Fowers, rew V. D. focusing on economic dataEmailEmailBioEmailFollowEmailAlyssa, visualization, A. F. reporter focusing on data, data, analysisEmailEmailBioEmailFollowEmailLeslie S. S. reporter focusing on, & storytellingEmailEmailBioEmailFollowEmail, multimedia. (n.d.). The covid-19 recession is the most unequal in modern U.S. history. Washington Post. Retrieved October 2, 2020, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2020/business/coronavirus-recession-equality/

  5. Sep 2020
    1. Maintenance Status Active: Formidable is actively working on this project, and we expect to continue work on this project for the foreseeable future.
  6. Aug 2020
    1. Yeah, so I believe what we want is.. If an action has no templates defined at all, AND it has no respond_to { ... } block, then it should do a 204 If an action has certain templates defined, AND it has no respond_to { ... } block, then it should do a 406 for formats with no templates If an action has a respond_to { ... } block, then it should do a 406 for formats not in the list
  7. Jul 2020
  8. Jun 2020
  9. May 2020
    1. Our status updates consist of the various issues and merge requests that are currently being worked on. If the work is in progress, it is encouraged to share details on the current state.
  10. Apr 2020
    1. “What other framework has integrated support for 786 TRY IT NOW ?”

      I couldn't find documentation of what this is referring to. Is it a custom HTTP status code?

      https://falcon.readthedocs.io/en/stable/api/status.html mentions

      HTTP status line, e.g. ‘748 Confounded by Ponies’. but not 786.

  11. Feb 2020
    1. This project is looking for maintainers, see this issue.

      <g-emoji class="g-emoji" alias="warning" fallback-src="https://github.githubassets.com/images/icons/emoji/unicode/26a0.png">warning</g-emoji>This project is looking for maintainers, see this issue.

    1. might easily be known to be one of those who come there for no other Purpose

      This phrase describing the woman in the pit has a negative tone and gives a negative depiction of the woman. I believe the reason behind this is due to the views of Eliza Haywood, as well as the majority of people in the 18th century. The wording used in this phrase such as, "one of those who come there for no other Purpose", suggests that the woman in the pit has nothing better to do than "create Acquaintance with as many as seem desirous of it". This negative view of the woman in the pit is probably due to her choice of occupation. During the time, high class individuals were seen as being very prim and proper and therefore expected their fellow peers to be just as prim and proper as well. These masses seem to be trying to hold members of the lower class, such as the woman in the pit, to the same standards, therefore criticizing her actions as being improper by their standards

      Enlightenmens Source:Metaphor from the Theory of Moral Centiments

      The idea that the members of the high class held members of the lower class to similar standards to their own could be explained by Adam Smith in The Theory of Moral Centiments. Adam Smith explains that, "we value ourselves too much and other people too little". This quote would explain why people of high class would think of themselves as superior and better while looking at the lower class and thinking the opposite. This ideology would continue to an extent where these same people would start to expect the same standards from others around them.

    2. a Woman who sat in a Corner of the Pit

      An important outlying theme of this novel is the difference in perceptions of the classes and the difference in how each class treated each other. The theater, while bringing together a lot of different classes and placing them in the same place, still had ways to separate people based on class. The theater, described in Fantomina, was no exception and utilized location as a method to separate the different social classes. This separation is outlined when our unnamed protagonist is describing the woman at the playhouse, “a Woman who sat in a Corner of the Pit”, indicating that she was of a lower class. Alternatively, our protagonist is first described as, “happened to be in a Box one Night at the Playhouse”, indicating that she was of a good class. This difference in location of each class is a great indicator of how each class was perceived. For the members of the higher classes, they were seen as more important and more respectable than the lower classes. This characterization of the higher classes is evident by the better seating and better view of the stage given to the box seats since they were physically higher than the pit area. This difference in height in the seating locations resembles a superiority complex given to people sitting in the boxes, while giving the constant reminder to the people in the pit that they were less important than the high classes located in the boxes. Source: The Haymarket Theatre

      This is a picture of what a theater at the time would look like. In the picture, the pit is the area in the bottom and the boxes are the balconies off to the side on each floor. This picture gives a visual representation of how theaters at the time would separate the high class from the low class using location differences between the boxes and the pit.

    3. happened to be

      One difference in how Eliza Haywood describes the protagonist and the woman in the pit is through the reason for why they are at the theater. In the case of the protagonist, Eliza Haywood describes her being at the theater by using the words, "happened to be". This phrase seems to insinuate that the protagonist usually has more pressing matters to attend to instead of attending plays at the theater. Alternatively, Eliza Haywood describes the woman in the pit being in the theater by using the words, "one of those who come there for no other Purpose". The wording in this description of why the woman in the pit is here seems to be insinuating that she has little importance and nothing else to do other than "create Acquaintance with as many as seem desirous of it". These depictions give us insight into how people in the 18th century might have perceived members of the high class in a more favorable fashion compared to members of the low class.

    4. A YOUNG Lady of distinguished Birth, Beauty, Wit, and Spirit,

      As described in the novel, different classes had different perceptions of the way each class was supposed to dress and act like, making how someone dressed or acted an easy indicator of what social status they were a part of. Fantomina depicts this recognition of social differences when the author is describing the woman in the pit, “by her Air and Manner of receiving them, might easily be known to be one of those who come there for no other Purpose, than to create Acquaintance with as many as seem desirous of it”. The outward appearance and attitude of this woman in the pit would seem to indicate that this woman is of lower class. This indication is due to her personality that would be considered improper and extremely scandalous at the time. In comparison, the author describes the protagonist as, “A YOUNG Lady of distinguished Birth, Beauty, Wit, and Spirit”. This gleaming description of our protagonist completely overshadows the lackluster description of the lady in the pit. The extreme separation in outward appearance between the protagonist and the woman in the pit shows the fact that during the 18th century, outward appearance and personality were an easy indicator of what social class a person belongs to.

  12. Jan 2020
  13. Dec 2019
    1. I understand that GitHub uses "Not Found" where it means "Forbidden" in some circumstances to prevent inadvertently reveling the existence of a private repository. Requests that require authentication will return 404 Not Found, instead of 403 Forbidden, in some places. This is to prevent the accidental leakage of private repositories to unauthorized users. --GitHub This is a fairly common practice around the web, indeed it is defined: The 404 (Not Found) status code indicates that the origin server did not find a current representation for the target resource or is not willing to disclose that one exists. --6.5.4. 404 Not Found, RFC 7231 HTTP/1.1 Semantics and Content (emphasis mine)
  14. May 2019
    1. That said, once a new platform is identified as a target you don’t want to wait too long to pounce. There are benefits to being early. It can show platform representatives that you’re a believer in the product and the company, which may make them more willing to work with you or build products to help you. For instance, publishers who were early to Twitter, such as The New York Times, were marked “suggested follows” for users and saw huge audience growth.
  15. Apr 2019
    1. Heywoods were a thoroughly respectable family

      Similar to all the other families that Austen's characters happen to interact with - all "respectable" families of probably the gentry class. In Pride and Prejudice, the Bingleys were "of a respectable family in the north of England" (P12) while in Northanger Abbey, Mr Tilney was also "of a very respectable family in Gloucestshire" (p17).

    2. modern Sanditon

      Modernity and fashionability are desirable characteristics that Mr. Parker is actively trying to cultivate in Sanditon. This is a marked departure from the value system that is practiced by characters in previous Austen novels. Pride and Prejudice's Darcy or Northanger Abbey's General Tilney are concerned with a preservation of inherited wealth and status, rather than the active generation of new wealth.

    1. The creation of a successful status game is so mysterious that it often smacks of alchemy. For that reason, entrepreneurs who succeed in this space are thought of us a sort of shaman, perhaps because most investors are middle-aged white men who are already so high status they haven't the first idea why people would seek virtual status
  16. Mar 2019
  17. May 2018
  18. Mar 2018
    1. MUST conform to the OSLC Core Guidelines for JSON
      1. normative reference
      2. I think it should be MUST support JSON-LD and
      3. SHOULD support deprecated JSON (https://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-json/)
    2. OSLC Core Guidelines for XML

      Normative reference?

    3. integration use cases documented by the OSLC-RM workgroup

      normative reference?

    4. Requirements Management

      I think Requirements Management as a discipline includes more things. How about The RM specification...

    5. The specification is modified to build on the [OSLCCore3] Specification.

      compatibility: "is modified"... What is that supposed to mean? Is 2.1 RM provider a fully compliant 2.0 RM provider? Vice versa?

    6. ??

      what are the substaintial changes in 2.1-WD01 compared to 2.0?

    7. Working Draft 01

      is it possible to tag the origina commit on Git with rm2.1-wd01 or something similar, please?

    8. RESTful web services interface

      Is the domain a RESTful interface?

    1. when you ask the same people to do something FOR you, e.g. lend you a book or sign a recommendation letter for you, you can’t just use ください.

      This is like a homeless person saying "give me money, sir." It is still an order.

  19. Feb 2018
    1. Governmental Regulation–National Emergency11. This contract is subject to federal or state legislation, regulations,executive or other official orders or other governmental action, now orhereafter in effect respecting military, naval, air or other governmentalservice, which may directly or indirectly affect the Player, Club or theLeague and subject also to the right of the Commissioner to suspendthe operation of this contract during any national emergency duringwhich Major League Baseball is not played.

      However, the legal precedent around Major League Baseball's anti-trust exemption means professional baseball is not required to comply with other federal or state laws, regulations, or procedures.

    2. ATTACHMENT 52Joint Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault and Child Abuse Policy

      No minor league player, club, or association representatives were included in the parties that formulated these policies, although these policies and procedures have been adopted by minor league baseball.

    3. ATTACHMENT 512017–2021 International Play Plan, Rate Card and Funding

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    4. ATTACHMENT 50Daniel R. Halem, EsquireChief Legal OfficerMajor League BaseballOffice of the Commissioner245 Park AvenueNew York, New York 10167Re: Rookie Hazings, Pranks and Clubhouse RitualsDear Dan:I write to confirm our agreement concerning the Office of the Commis-sioner’s adoption of a policy addressing rookie “hazing” or “initia-tions” or other clubhouse rituals involving Players (the “Policy”).

      Since no grievance procedure is outlined or articulated for minor league players and teams, the protections outlined in this attachment are not necessarily afforded to minor league players.

    5. ATTACHMENT 46International Amateur Talent System

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    6. ATTACHMENT 46International Amateur Talent System

      No minor league player, club, or association representatives were to be included in this subcommittee.

    7. MAJOR LEAGUE PLAYER TOBACCO POLICY

      Facing increased pressure to curb player performance-enhancing and recreational drug use, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA moved proactively to institute a joint treatment program. Minor League baseball adopted the program outlined in this CBA, even though no minor league club, player, or organization representatives were involved in negotiating the CBA.

    8. ATTACHMENT 12This will set forth the understanding of the Parties regarding ArticleXX(A), of the Basic Agreement:With respect to a Minor League Player with no existing Major LeagueContract, whose Minor League contract has been assigned to a MajorLeague Club, it is understood that the placing of such a Player on theMajor League Club’s Active Reserve List (40-man Roster) and the ten-dering to such a Player of a Major League Contract without the neces-sity of renewing the Minor League contract will provide the MajorLeague Club with reservation rights to such a Player. Thus, such aPlayer will not become a free agent under Article XX(A)(2)(d), whichprovides that a Player will become a free agent if his Club fails to exer-cise its contract renewal rights, there being no prior Major LeagueContract to renew

      Although relatively minor, this attachment lays out an exception to an earlier portion of the CBA, and in effect further restricts minor league players' access to free agency. If a minor league player who is not currently under any contract is signed by a Major League club, free agency rules would not apply should the club choose not to renew his contract.

    9. ARTICLE XXV—International Play

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    10. (4)Interests of the AssociationThe Revenue Sharing Plan may have a significant impact on theindustry globally as well as on individual Clubs. Accordingly, theParties acknowledge that the Association has a significant interest inany aspect of any of the components of the Revenue Sharing Planor its operation materially affecting either: (a) the overall industry-wide transfer of revenue among Clubs; or (b) the amounts of pay-ments made by individual Clubs and the amounts of receiptsreceived by individual Clubs. This paragraph shall not be construedto limit the Association’s right to assert that it has other legitimateinterests in the operation of the Plan.

      As noted here, the revenue sharing plan also impacted the level of resources clubs had to invest in foreign scouting and talent development, an established practice by 2017.

    11. D. Outright Assignment to Minor League Club

      Again, the salary protections and playing time incentives included in free agency procedures were available only to Major League players with the required minimum service time.

    12. ARTICLE XX—Reserve System

      As noted in the 1980 CBA, the 1975 Messersmith/McNally ruling overturned Major League Baseball's reserve clause and created a clear path for certain players to negotiate as free agents. However, the MLBPA's success in negotiating for the rights of free agents also came with a reserve system that severely limited minor league players' autonomy and access to the benefits and opportunities of free agency.

    13. D. Foreign AssignmentsExcept for the return of conditional assignments from outside theUnited States and Canada, the contract of a Player shall not be assignedotherwise than within the United States and Canada, without thePlayer’s written consen

      In the 1980 CBA, a player's consent was not necessary if he was being assigned to a team in his native country. This change in the language which first appeared in the 1997 CBA offered greater stability for foreign-born players.

    14. M. Family and Medical Leave ActThe Clubs will comply with the requirements of the Family and Med-ical Leave Act (29 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) and will allow Players to uti-lize the Bereavement, Medical Emergency and Paternity leavesprovided in Major League Rules 2(n) and (o). Medical Emergency andPaternity leaves shall run concurrently with any leave available underthe Family and Medical Leave Act

      While this CBA reflects compliance with the 1993 federal law, the legal precedent around Major League Baseball's anti-trust exemption means professional baseball is not required to comply with other federal or state laws, regulations, or procedures.

    15. A. No DiscriminationThe Clubs will not interfere with, restrain or coerce Players because ofmembership in or lawful activity on behalf of the Association, nor willthey discriminate because of Association activity in regard to hire,tenure, or employment, or any term or condition of employment.The provisions of this Agreement shall be applied to all Players cov-ered by this Agreement without regard to race, color, religion, nationalorigin, sexual orientation, or any other classification protected underFederal Law

      In a notable shift from the 2003 CBA, the non-discrimination language in the CBA expanded to include sexual orientation, but still did not include gender or gender identity.

    16. ARTICLE XI—Grievance Procedure

      No grievance procedure is outlined or articulated for minor league players and teams, meaning the legal protections the MLBPA provides for major league players are not a benefit available for minor league players.

    1. Governmental Regulation-National Emergency11. This contract is subject to federal or state legislation, regulations,executive or other official orders or other governmental action, now orhereafter in effect respecting military, naval, air or other governmentalservice, which may directly or indirectly affect the Player, Club or theLeague and subject also to the right of the Commissioner to suspendthe operation of this contract during any national emergency duringwhich Major League Baseball is not played

      However, the legal precedent around Major League Baseball's anti-trust exemption means professional baseball is not required to comply with other federal or state laws, regulations, or procedures.

    2. 265ATTACHMENT 46International Amateur TalentI. International Talent Committee

      No minor league player, club, or association representatives were to be included in this subcommittee.

    3. ATTACHMENT 46International Amateur Talent

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    4. SMOKELESS TOBACCO POLICY

      Facing increased pressure to curb player performance-enhancing and recreational drug use, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA moved proactively to institute a joint treatment program. Minor League baseball adopted the program outlined in this CBA, even though no minor league club, player, or organization representatives were involved in negotiating the CBA.

    5. With respect to a Minor League Player with no existing Major LeagueContract, whose Minor League contract has been assigned to a MajorLeague Club, it is understood that the placing of such a Player on theMajor League Club’s Active Reserve List (40-man Roster) and the ten-dering to such a Player of a Major League Contract without the neces-sity of renewing the Minor League contract will provide the MajorLeague Club with reservation rights to such a Player. Thus, such aPlayer will not become a free agent under Article XX(A)(2)(d), whichprovides that a Player will become a free agent if his Club fails to exer-cise its contract renewal rights, there being no prior Major LeagueContract to renew.

      Although relatively minor, this attachment lays out an exception to an earlier portion of the CBA, and in effect further restricts minor league players' access to free agency. If a minor league player who is not currently under any contract is signed by a Major League club, free agency rules would not apply should the club choose not to renew his contract.

    6. ARTICLE XXV—The Industry Growth Fund

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    7. (4)Interests of the AssociationThe Revenue Sharing Plan may have a significant impact on theindustry globally as well as on individual Clubs. Accordingly, theParties acknowledge that the Association has a significant interest inany aspect of any of the components of the Revenue Sharing Planor its operation materially affecting either: (a) the overall industry-wide transfer of revenue among Clubs; or (b) the amounts of pay-ments made by individual Clubs and the amounts of receiptsreceived by individual Clubs. This paragraph shall not be construed

      As noted here, the revenue sharing plan also impacted the level of resources clubs had to invest in foreign scouting and talent development, a practice that was growing in widespread adoption in the early 2000s.

    8. D. Outright Assignment to Minor League club

      Again, the salary protections and playing time incentives included in free agency procedures were available only to Major League players with the required minimum service time.

    9. ARTICLE XX—Reserve System

      As noted in the 1980 CBA, the 1975 Messersmith/McNally ruling overturned Major League Baseball's reserve clause and created a clear path for certain players to negotiate as free agents. However, the MLBPA's success in negotiating for the rights of free agents also came with a reserve system that severely limited minor league players' autonomy and access to the benefits and opportunities of free agency.

    10. D. Foreign AssignmentsExcept for the return of conditional assignments from outside theUnited States and Canada, the contract of a Player shall not be assignedotherwise than within the United States and Canada, without thePlayer’s written consent

      In the 1980 CBA, a player's consent was not necessary if he was being assigned to a team in his native country. This change in the language which first appeared in the 1997 CBA offered greater stability for foreign-born players.

    11. N. Family and Medical Leave ActThe Clubs will comply with the requirements of the Family and Med-ical Leave Act (29 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) and will allow Players to uti-lize the Bereavement, Medical Emergency and Paternity leavesprovided in Major League Rules 2(n) and (o). Medical Emergency andPaternity leaves shall run concurrently with any leave available underthe Family and Medical Leave Act.

      While this CBA reflects compliance with the 1993 federal law, the legal precedent around Major League Baseball's anti-trust exemption means professional baseball is not required to comply with other federal or state laws, regulations, or procedures.

    12. A. No DiscriminationThe Clubs will not interfere with, restrain or coerce Players because ofmembership in or lawful activity on behalf of the Association, nor willthey discriminate because of Association activity in regard to hire,tenure or employment or any term or condition of employment.The provisions of this Agreement shall be applied to all Players cov-ered by this Agreement without regard to race, color, religion, nationalorigin, sexual orientation, or any other classification protected underFederal Law

      In a notable shift from the 2003 CBA, the non-discrimination language in the CBA expanded to include sexual orientation, but still did not include gender or gender identity.

    13. ARTICLE XI—Grievance Procedure

      No grievance procedure is outlined or articulated for minor league players and teams, meaning the legal protections the MLBPA provides for major league players are not a benefit available for minor league players.

    1. Governmental Regulation-National Emergency11. This contract is subject to federal or state legislation, regulations,executive or other official orders or other governmental action, now orhereafter in effect respecting military, naval, air or other governmentalservice, which may directly or indirectly affect the Player, Club or theLeague and subject also to the right of the Commissioner to suspendthe operation of this contract during any national emergency duringwhich Major League Baseball is not played.

      However, the legal precedent around Major League Baseball's anti-trust exemption means professional baseball is not required to comply with other federal or state laws, regulations, or procedures.

    2. ATTACHMENT 24Donald M. Fehr, Esquire Executive Director and General Counsel Major League BaseballPlayers Association 12 East 49th Street New York, New York 10017Re: World-Wide Draf

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    3. 2. The World-Wide Draft Subcommittee shall be composed ofan equal number of representatives of the Players Association andthe Office of the Commissioner, and shall include at least oneAssociate General Counsel of the Players Association and at leastone senior representative of the Labor Relations Department ofthe Office of the Commissioner

      No minor league player, club, or association representatives were to be included in this subcommittee.

    4. ATTACHMENT 18MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL’SJOINT DRUG PREVENTION ANDTREATMENT PROGRAMThe Major League Baseball Joint Drug Prevention and TreatmentProgram (the “Program”) is established by agreement of the Office ofthe Commissioner and the Major League Baseball Players Association(the “Commissioner’s Office,”the “Association”and, jointly, the “Par-ties”) (1) to educate Players on the Major League Clubs’40-man ros-ters (“Players”) on the risks associated with using ProhibitedSubstances (defined in Section 2 below); (2) to deter and end the useby Players of Prohibited Substances; and (3) to provide for, in keepingwith the overall purposes of the Program, an orderly, systematic, andcooperative resolution of any disputes that may arise concerning theexistence, interpretation, or application of this agreement. Except asotherwise provided herein, any dispute arising under this Program shallbe subject to resolution through the Grievance Procedures of the BasicAgreement

      Facing increased pressure to curb player performance-enhancing and recreational drug use, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA moved proactively to institute a joint treatment program. Minor League baseball adopted the program outlined in this CBA, even though no minor league club, player, or organization representatives were involved in negotiating the CBA.

    5. ARTICLE XXV—The Industry Growth Fund

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    6. (4)Interests of the AssociationThe revenue sharing plan may have a significant impact on theindustry globally as well as on individual Clubs. Accordingly, theParties acknowledge that the Association has a significant interest inany aspect of any of the components of the revenue sharing plan orits operation materially affecting either: (a) the overall industry-wide transfer of revenue among Clubs; or (b) the amounts of pay-ments made by individual Clubs and the amounts of receiptsreceived by individual Clubs. This paragraph shall not be construedto limit the Association’s right to assert that it has other legitimateinterests in the operation of the plan.

      As noted here, the revenue sharing plan also impacted the level of resources clubs had to invest in foreign scouting and talent development, a practice that was growing in widespread adoption in the early 2000s.

    7. D. Outright Assignment to Minor League club

      Again, the salary protections and playing time incentives included in free agency procedures were available only to Major League players with the required minimum service time.

    8. ARTICLE XX—Reserve System

      As noted in the 1980 CBA, the 1975 Messersmith/McNally ruling overturned Major League Baseball's reserve clause and created a clear path for certain players to negotiate as free agents. However, the MLBPA's success in negotiating for the rights of free agents also came with a reserve system that severely limited minor league players' autonomy and access to the benefits and opportunities of free agency.

    9. D. Foreign AssignmentsExcept for the return of conditional assignments from outside the Unit-ed States and Canada, the contract of a Player shall not be assignedotherwise than within the United States and Canada, without the Play-er’s written consent.

      In the 1980 CBA, a player's consent was not necessary if he was being assigned to a team in his native country. This change in the language of the 1997 CBA offered greater stability for foreign-born players.

    10. M. Family and Medical Leave ActThe Clubs will comply with the requirements of the Family and Med-ical Leave Act (29 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.).

      While this CBA reflects compliance with the 1993 federal law, the legal precedent around Major League Baseball's anti-trust exemption means professional baseball is not required to comply with other federal or state laws, regulations, or procedures.

    11. . No DiscriminationThe Clubs will not interfere with, restrain or coerce Players because ofmembership in or lawful activity on behalf of the Association, nor willthey discriminate because of Association activity in regard to hire,tenure or employment or any term or condition of employment.The provisions of this Agreement shall be applied to all Players cov-ered by this Agreement without regard to race, color, religion ornational origin

      In a notable omission, organized baseball's CBA did not prohibit discrimination based on sex or gender, which legal precedent at this time had expanded to include gender identity and sexual orientation.

    12. ARTICLE XI—Grievance Procedure

      No grievance procedure is outlined or articulated for minor league players and teams, meaning the legal protections the MLBPA provides for major league players are not a benefit available for minor league players.

    1. D. Foreign AssignmentsExcept for the return of conditional assignments from outside the United States and Canada, the contract of a Player shall not be -assigned otherwise than within the United States and Canada, without the Player’s written consent

      In the 1980 CBA, a player's consent was not necessary if he was being assigned to a team in his native country. This change in the language of the 1997 CBA offered greater stability for foreign-born players.

    2. The Clubs and the Association will jointly request and cooperate in lobbying theCongress to pass a law that will clarify that Major League Baseball Players are covered under the antitrust laws (i.e., that Major League Players will have the same rights under the antitrust laws as do other professional athletes, e.g., football and basketball players), along with a provision that makes it clear that the passage of that bill does not change the application of the antitrust laws in any other context or with respect to any other person or entity. If such a law is not enacted by December 31, 1998 (the end of the next Congress), then this Agreement shall terminate on December 31, 2000 (unless theAssociation exercises its option to extend this Agreement as set forth in Article XXVII)

      These combined lobbying efforts resulted in the 1998 Curt Flood U.S. Congressional Act, which specified Major League Baseball's anti-trust exemption was still applicable to Major League clubs and players, in effect forcing minor league teams to also operate under that exemption while not benefiting from the legal protections and representation the MLBPA provided for Major League players.

    3. The revenue sharing plan may have a significant impact o