380 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2021
    1. BlackRock employs a stable of former policymakers, underscoring the importance the company occupies in both financial and policymaking ecosystems, in something akin to a shadow government entity.[157] Good government groups have documented 118 examples of “revolving door” activity by the company—cases in which a government official joined BlackRock’s roster, or vice versa.[158] In one particularly troubling example of how Washington’s revolving door operates, in 2017, a former BlackRock executive was put in charge of reviewing the FSOC’s work for the Treasury Department.[159] Unsurprisingly, the Department’s conclusion was that FSOC should “prioritize its efforts to address risks to financial stability through a process that emphasizes an activities-based or industry-wide approach,” the company’s preferred position.[160] This conclusion all but ensures that BlackRock will not be designated for greater regulation by the FSOC under the Trump administration.

      To Big To Fail? Above The Law? Shadow Government?

      The term "shadow government" comes up often when investigating Revolving Door partnerships between corporations and former government policymakers. One particular public corporation, BlackRock Investments is the poster child of revolving door activity and comparisons to a shadow government.

      BlackRock is front and center in the manipulation of todays Real Estate bubble.

      BlackRock should be marketed as;*The Largest Asset Manager and Keeper of The Neo-liberal Flame; We Kill Children to Make You Money and We Enjoy Doing It!*

    1. Crenshaw and her classmates asked 12 scholars of color to come to campus and lead discussions about Bell’s book Race, Racism, and American Law. With that, critical race theory began in earnest.
    1. Nach einer Niederlage des Landes Berlin vor dem Verwaltungsgericht kehren die Schulen ab dem 09.06.2021 zum Regelunterricht zurück. Das gilt dann für die beiden letzten Wochen des Schuljahres vor den Sommerferien.
    2. Corona Regeln Berlin: Schulen kehren noch vor den Sommerferien in den Präsenzunterricht zurück
    3. Flohmärkte und Kunstmärkte sowie Spezialmärkte dürfen öffnen.
    4. Gesamter Einzelhandel ohne Testpflicht.
    1. Im Einzelhandel entfällt die Pflicht zur Terminvergabe und zur Anwesenheitsdokumentation. Damit müssen die Kontaktdaten wie die Adresse des Kunden zum Beispiel beim Einkaufen im Elektronikmarkt nicht mehr per App oder schriftlich auf Papier erfasst werden. Das betrifft auch unter anderem Museen, Galerien und Bibliotheken.
    1. consumer friendly

      Including the "consumer" here is a red herring. We're meant to identify as the consumer and so take from this statement that our rights and best interests have been written into these BigTech-crafted laws.

      But a "consumer" is different from a "citizen," a "person," we the people.

    2. passage in March of a consumer data privacy law in Virginia, which Protocol reported was originally authored by Amazon

      From the article:

      Marsden and Virginia delegate Cliff Hayes held meetings with other large tech companies, including Microsoft; financial institutions, including Capital One; and non-profit groups and small businesses...

      Which all have something at stake here: the ability to monitor people and mine their data in order to sell it.

      Weak privacy laws give the illusion of privacy while maintaining the corporate panopticon.

    3. consumers would have to opt out of rather than into tracking

      Example of a dark pattern.

    1. In den Häusern des Krankenhauskonzerns Vivantes gilt bereits seit Montag ein Besuchsverbot - Ausnahmen bei Kindern und Schwerstkranken sollen aber möglich sein.
    2. Angesichts der steigenden Infektionen mit dem Coronavirus gelten ab Sonnabend wieder Besuchsregeln für Berliner Krankenhäuser.
  2. Jun 2021
    1. t a common foreign and security policy including the eventual framing of a common defence policy, which might in time lead to a common defence, thereby reinforcing the European identity and its independence in order to promote peace, security and progress in Europe and in the world,REAFFIRMING their objective to facilitate the free movement of persons, while ensuring the safety and security of their peoples, by including provisions on justice and home affairs in this Treaty,RESOLVED to continue the process of creating an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe, in which decisions are taken as closely as possible to the citize
    1. Selbstbedienung an offenen Buffets ist nicht erlaubt.
    2. Die Kontrolle der Angaben obliegt in Berlin den Ordnungsämtern, in Brandenburg ist der Gaststättenbetreiber dazu verpflichtet, "die Angaben der Gäste auf Plausibilität zu überprüfen." Mehr zum Thema
    3. In Brandenburg müssen Gäste zudem vorab reservieren
    4. Ab Freitag können in Berlin und großen Teilen Brandenburgs Bars, Kneipen, Restaurants und Kantinen ihre Außenbereiche wieder für Gäste öffnen, sofern die SIeben-Tage-Inzidenz unter 100 bleibt.
    1. Mit den Lockerungen ist vielerorts nach der Pflicht für einen aktuellen Corona-Test auch die Pflicht zum Tragen einer Maske gefallen.
    1. Nach dem Beschluss gibt es künftig vor allem keine Kontaktverbote mehr: Durften sich bislang nur maximal fünf Personen oder Angehörige zweier Haushalte treffen, so gilt diese Einschränkung nun nicht mehr.
    1. Besucher brauchen seit Freitag keinen negativen Corona-Test mehr.  
    2. Alle GESCHÄFTE können Kunden ohne Tests – allerdings mit Masken – einlassen. FLOHMÄRKTE und Kunstmärkte sowie Spezialmärkte dürfen öffnen.
    1. Noch weiter als Berlin geht Brandenburg: Unter anderem werden dort sämtliche Kontaktbeschränkungen in der Öffentlichkeit aufgehoben und Tanzclubs dürfen mit beschränkter Personenzahl und strengen Hygieneauflagen wieder öffnen.
    2. Gute Nachrichten auch für die Abschlussklassen in Berlin: Abifeiern dürfen wieder stattfinden, genauso Abschlussfeiern von Berufsausbildungen.
    3. Kneipen, Restaurants und Spätis dürfen nachts, also zwischen 0 und 5 Uhr wieder Alkohol ausschenken. Das nächtliche Verkaufsverbot entfällt.
    4. Auch draußen feiern ist wieder erlaubt.
    5. Deshalb fällt die Maskenpflicht im Freien fast überall weg
    1. Dort dürfen zweimal Geimpfte bereits wieder zu körpernahen Dienstleistungen oder in Biergärten. Der Nachweis über den vollständigen Impfschutz müsse den Betreibern schriftlich oder digital nachgewiesen werden. Diese Änderung gilt seit Sonntag, zunächst bis zum 25. April.
    1. Keine Privilegien für Corona-Genesene:  Menschen, die schon einmal an Corona erkrankt waren und inzwischen wieder gesund sind, profitieren nicht. Wer geltend macht, er sei dadurch vor Infektionen geschützt und die gleichen Rechte wie Geimpfte verlangt, kommt damit nicht durch.
    2. Anders als etwa in Israel bekommen Menschen, die eine Corona-Infektion hinter sich haben, keine Privilegien.
    1. Denn der aktuelle „Musterhygieneplan Corona für die Berliner Schulen“ erlaubt wieder Chorproben, „sofern der Probenraum groß genug ist, dass zwischen allen Sängerinnen und Sängern ein Mindestabstand von zwei Metern eingehalten werden kann“.
    1. Brandenburg hat ein Verbot für die Unterbringung von Menschen aus Gebieten mit mehr als 50 Neuinfektionen auf 100.000 Einwohner innerhalb einer Woche beschlossen.
    1. In Brandenburg gibt es zudem eine Ausnahme für Grenzpendler: Sie sind von der Quarantänepflicht ausgenommen, wenn sie weniger als 24 Stunden in einem Risikogebiet waren.
    2. In Berlin und Brandenburg müssen sich Einreisende freiwillig für zehn Tage in häusliche Isolation begeben und sich beim jeweils zuständigen Gesundheitsamt melden.
    1. Der Amateursport ist ebenfalls eingestellt, Vereine dürfen vorerst nicht trainieren.
    2. Gottesdienste und Demonstrationen dürfen unter Auflagen weiterhin stattfinden, da die Religions- und Versammlungsfreiheit nach dem Grundgesetz geschützt werden sollen.
    3. Industriebetriebe und Handwerkstätten dürfen geöffnet bleiben.
    4. Oberstes erklärtes Ziel der Ministerpräsident*innen ist es, die Schulen und Kindergärten nicht schließen zu müssen, sie bleiben unter strengen Hygienemaßnahmen deshalb weiterhin geöffnet.
    5. Ein Verbot für private Feuerwerke wurde allerdings (noch) nicht ausgesprochen.
    1. Freizeit- und Amateursportbetriebe müssen auf und in allen öffentlichen und privaten Sportanlagen geschlossen werden, ebenso Schwimm- und Spaßbäder sowie Fitnessstudios.
    2. Schulen und Kindergärten: Diese Einrichtungen bleiben geöffnet.
    1. Das Berliner Verwaltungsgericht hat die vom Senat beschlossene Sperrstunde gekippt. Restaurants, Bars und die meisten Geschäfte mussten zwischen 23 Uhr und 6 Uhr schließen. In dieser Zeit darf jedoch weiterhin kein Alkohol ausgeschenkt werden
    2. Die Abstandsregel von 1,50 Meter muss in den Schulen nicht mehr eingehalten werden
    3. Auch wurde noch kein Beherbergungsverbot beschlossen
    4. Es gibt kein Einreiseverbot oder Quarantänepflicht für Reisende aus innerdeutschen Risikogebieten
    1. Es wird auch kein Passierschein oder eine andere Bescheinigung vom Arbeitgeber benötigt.
    2. Wer ein professionelles Umzugsunternehmen engagiert hat, das sich an die Hygienevorschriften nach dem Infektionsschutzgesetz hält, kann den geplanten Umzug weiter durchführen. Für private Umzüge gelten die Regeln der Verordnung.
    3. Das Anstellen von Babysittern ist nicht mehr erlaubt. Die Kinderbetreuung ist selbst oder - falls ein Anspruch besteht - über die Notbetreuung der Kita zu regeln.
    1. Eine generelle Ausgangssperre gibt es nicht. Der Gang zur Arbeit, zum Supermarkt oder Bewegung an der frischen Luft sind also nach wie vor erlaubt.
    2. Die Ausgangssperren in Italien und Spanien werden von Polizei, Sicherheitskräften und Ordnungsämtern überwacht. Wer sich nicht daran hält, kann mit einer Strafe belegt werden.
    3. Darf ich den Hund gassi führen? Ja, auch das ist in Ländern mit Corona-Ausgangssperre erlaubt. Hundehalter sollten dabei berücksichtigen, dass sie nur einzeln auf die Straße gehen, sich nicht weit von Haus oder Wohnung entfernen, nur kurz spazieren gehen und Abstand zu anderen Menschen und Tieren halten.
    4. Eine Ausgangssperre gibt es in der Hauptstadt noch nicht.
    1. Nur kontaktloser Individualsport bleibt erlaubt, den man allein, zu zweit oder mit Angehörigen des eigenen Haushalts ausüben kann. Für Leistungssportler gibt es Ausnahmen.
    2. Freizeiteinrichtungen müssen schließen, gleiches gilt für Kulturbetriebe und Zoos.
    3. Es darf sich höchstens ein Haushalt mit einer weiteren Person treffen. Kinder bis 14 Jahre zählen extra.
    4. Geschäfte müssen schließen. Ausgenommen sind neben dem Lebensmittelhandel unter anderem Apotheken, Buchhandlungen und Gartenmärkte.
    5. Zwischen 21 und 5 Uhr darf man die eigene Wohnung oder das eigene Grundstück nicht verlassen. Ausnahmen gibt es, diese sind aber stark begrenzt, etwa auf die »Abwendung einer Gefahr für Leib, Leben und Eigentum« sowie die Fahrt zur Arbeit. Auch der Spaziergang mit dem Hund soll erlaubt bleiben.
    1. Luisa: Yes. There came a point. We were in the [Pause] process of getting our permanent residency card in order to be able to go to school, and the lawyer let my mother know that me and my sister—my other sister—were not going to make it because once you hit eighteen, you're no longer under the case that you originally filed, so the best option for us would be adoption. We would be adopted by an American citizen in order to get our American status fixed, and that was something my mom and I contemplated for a long, long time, and she was going to go through with it, but my dad put a huge stop to that and was like, "That's not happening. You're stupid. That's not a thing. These are my kids. You're not letting that happen."Luisa: It was going to be a family member, not a close family member, but these were the lengths that you go through to try to get through this. I didn't have a normal childhood. I never got to learn to drive. I didn't go to drivers ed. I didn't get to travel with my best friend to DisneyLand because my mom was so scared of—

      Time in the US, Jobs/Employment/Work, Documents, Driver's License

    1. η διάδοση και η καθιέρωση του δόγματος της «μηδενικής ανοχής», που πέρασε στα τέλη του 20ου αιώνα από τις ΗΠΑ στην Ευρώπη, εκφράζει τη ρητορική που εξομοιώνει τους παραβάτες – άστεγους, ζητιάνους, περιθωριακούς- με τους ξένους επιδρομείς, επιτάσσει χαλάρωση της νομικής διάκρισης ανηλίκων και ενηλίκων δραστών, ζητά περισσότερες προϋποθέσεις για την υφ’ όρον απόλυση. Αναπροσδιορίζει το ρόλο του κράτους, το οποίο αποσύρεται από την οικονομία και μειώνει τον κοινωνικό του ρόλο ενώ αντίθετα διευρύνει και σκληραίνει την ποινική του παρέμβαση.

      Ξεκαθαρη τοποθέτηση του πρόδερου δικαστών Σεβαστίδη για το ιδεολογικό πρόσημο του [[δόγμα μηδενικής ανοχής]].

    2. Οι ίδιες χώρες που μάχονται υπέρ του λιγότερου κράτους απαιτούν περισσότερο κράτος προκειμένου να συγκαλύψουν και να συγκρατήσουν τις επιζήμιες κοινωνικές συνέπειες που έχει στις κατώτερες περιοχές του κοινωνικού χώρου, η απορρύθμιση της μισθωτής εργασίας και η υποβάθμιση της κοινωνικής προστασίας. Η «μηδενική ανοχή» είναι μια φιλοσοφία φιλελεύθερη και μη παρεμβατική προς τα πάνω, σε ότι αφορά κυρίως τη φορολογία και την απασχόληση, αδιάλλακτη και παρεμβατική προς τα κάτω, σε ότι αφορά τη δημόσια συμπεριφορά των μελών των λαϊκών τάξεων, που είναι πιασμένα στη μέγγενη από τη μια μεριά της γενικευμένης υπο-απασχόλησης και της προσωρινής μισθωτής εργασίας και από την άλλη της ύφεσης της κοινωνικής προστασίας και της πενίας των δημοσίων υπηρεσιών.

      Αναπαντεχα ταξική τοποθετηση κορυφαίου δικαστικού της χώρας μας.

    3. εργασία των Georg Rusche και Otto Kirscheimer

      "Punishment and Social Structure" , a book written by Georg Rusche and Otto Kirchheimer, is the seminal Marxian analysis of punishment as a social institution (from wikipedia).

  3. May 2021
    1. We can expect the role of free markets in areas of public policy such as pensions, health, education and transport to be questioned.

      These are petty issues. The important things are

      • the judges
      • the mass medua and their ruling miguls,
      • the private ownership and legal rights of corporations vs hymens, animal & plants .
    1.  Regulation 2016/679
    2. Directive 2002/58
    3.  Directive 2002/21
    4.  Directive 97/66
    5.  Directive 95/46
    6. Code de la sécurité intérieure (Internal Security Code)The CPCELoi n° 2004 575 du 21 juin 2004 pour la confiance dans l’économie numérique (Law No 2004575 of 21 June 2004 to promote trust in the digital economy)Decree No 2011 219
    7. Directive 95/46Directive 97/66Directive 2000/31Directive 2002/21Directive 2002/58Regulation 2016/679
    1.  Paragraph 17 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (kriminaalmenetluse seadustik, RT I 2003, 27, 166 ; RT I, 31.05.2018, 22)
    2. Paragraph 1111 of the elektroonilise side seadus (Law on electronic communications, RT I 2004, 87, 593; RT I, 22.05.2018, 3)
    3. Recitals 2 and 11 of Directive 2002/58
    1.  Regulation 2(1) of the European Communities (Freedom to Provide Services) (Lawyers) Regulations, 1979
    2. Article 1 of Directive 77/249
    1. At the very least I would have expected the Court to have held back from making sweeping conclusions about his intentions and desires without first hearing from him under examination and on oath on the witness stand during his trial.

      Condemning someone on an accusation that has not been formally addressed to the accused, and never given the opportunity to apologize, is a tell-tail of an injust trial.

    2. In saying this it is essential to stress that the protection of witnesses and complainants in sexual assault cases is a paramount priority, and that the need to take steps to provide them with protection by securing their anonymity is not at issue.  However, to use this obligation to prevent balanced reporting of a case, especially one like Salmond’s, which had important public and political implications, seems to me to go too far and looks oppressive.  It appears to extinguish the right to a fair and open trial, which can only be secured by fair and balanced reporting. 

      The balance between the protection of the anonymity iof secret witnesses (eg in cases of sexual allegations), and the publicity of the trial (guaranteeing its fairness), is a tough one.

    1. ‘This morphological law can always be expressed in the same general form: X—>r (A,B, ... 3, which means: Within a context of type X, the parts A, B, . .. are related by the relationship r.
  4. Apr 2021
    1. τον λεγόμενο τρίλογο ή τριάλογο (trilogue ή trialogue), τις τριμερείς διαπραγματεύσεις μεταξύ της Κομισιόν, του Συμβουλίου και του Ευρωπαϊκού Κοινοβουλίου, στις οποίες αποφασίζεται το 75% της νομοθετικής παραγωγής της Ε.Ε. σε συνθήκες πλήρους αδιαφάνειας.
    2. Η οργάνωση προσέφυγε στο ΔΕΕ το οποίο αποφάσισε το 2013 ότι τα έγγραφα έπρεπε να δημοσιευθούν. To ΔΕΕ υποστήριξε ότι το Συμβούλιο δεν είχε δικαίωμα να απαλείφει ή να καλύπτει τα ονόματα των κρατών-μελών στα έγγραφα που αναφέρονταν στις διαπραγματεύσεις μεταξύ των κρατών-μελών, καθώς οι πολίτες είχαν το δικαίωμα να γνωρίζουν τι λέει η κυβέρνησή τους όταν τους εκπροσωπεί.
    3. «Το Συμβούλιο βλέπει τον εαυτό του σαν μια ομάδα διπλωματών που λειτουργεί σε μια διπλωματική σφαίρα με όρους εμπιστευτικότητας», σχολιάζει η κ. Ο’ Ράιλι. «Και αυτό, παρά το γεγονός ότι από τεχνική και νομική πλευρά είναι ένα νομοθετικό όργανο».
    1. not to abuse emergency powers to pass legislation unrelated to the COVID-19 health emergency objectives in order to surpass parliamentary oversight;

      The text discouraging legislation irrelevant to covid19 was adopted on 13 Nov 2020.

    1. Once a handicapped person, Bruce Perence realized the gravity of attacking a disabled person like Stallman, and concludes accordingly: punishment must not last forever.

    1. As of Jan 1, 2021 many countries now require KS creators to show Shipping AND VAT/Fees/Taxes on Kickstarter Rewards - not just 1 price for "shipping". So we will do that in our Pledge Manager, after the campaign. Yea, we know...this sucks and is against everything Kickstarter used to be about (the world now views KS as a store, not as a creative platform sending rewards to backers for helping bring the vision to life)
  5. Mar 2021
    1. One person writing a tweet would still qualify for free-speech protections—but a million bot accounts pretending to be real people and distorting debate in the public square would not.

      Do bots have or deserve the right to not only free speech, but free reach?

    1. με τη δημιουργία της ΕΑΔ καταργήθηκαν όλα τα ελεγκτικά σώματα της διοίκησης, όπως ο γενικός επιθεωρητής Δημόσιας Διοίκησης, το Σώμα Επιθεωρητών – Ελεγκτών Δημόσιας Διοίκησης και το Σώμα Επιθεωρητών Υπηρεσιών Υγείας και Πρόνοιας

      Η ΕΑΔ φτιαχτηκε με τον νόμο για το "επιτελικό κράτος" (sic) Ν.4622/2019, 7 Αυγ 2019.

    2. ο επόμενος «σταθμός» του σχεδίου είναι η ενοποίηση της ΕΑΑΔΗΣΥ με την Αρχή Εξέτασης Προδικαστικών Προσφυγών, σκοπός της οποίας είναι η επίλυση των διαφορών που ανακύπτουν κατά το στάδιο που προηγείται της σύναψης των συμβάσεων δημοσίων έργων, προμηθειών και υπηρεσιών, ύστερα από την άσκηση προδικαστικής προσφυγής.
    1. The urgent argument for turning any company into a software company is the growing availability of data, both inside and outside the enterprise. Specifically, the implications of so-called “big data”—the aggregation and analysis of massive data sets, especially mobile

      Every company is described by a set of data, financial and other operational metrics, next to message exchange and paper documents. What else we find that contributes to the simulacrum of an economic narrative will undeniably be constrained by the constitutive forces of its source data.

    1. το Δικαστήριο της Ε.Ε. αναφέρει ότι οι τροποποιήσεις στον τρόπο λειτουργίας του KRS «μπορούν να παραβιάσουν το δίκαιο της Ε.Ε.» και ενώ δηλώνει αναρμόδιο για να εκδώσει το ίδιο απόφαση για το ζήτημα, αλλά πρέπει να το κάνει πολωνικό δικαστήριο

      Πως ομως θα κρινει το ιδιο το Δικαστικό Σώμα τον εαυτό του, αν ειναι αλωμένο από διορισμένους Δικαστες?

      Οι ευρωπαικοί θεσμοί αποφευγουν να αναγνωρίσουνε τα σώματα Ενόρκων ως το μονο Δημοκρατικό θεσμό που μπορεί να λύσει αυτό το κοττα-και-τ'αυγό παράδοξο προς την κατευθυνση της Δημοκρατίας. Υστατη πρόφασή των, οι Ανεξάρτητες Αρχές.

    1. 5、Uber 司机属于雇员 英国最高法院最近裁决,Uber 司机应该被视为雇员,而不是承包商。这意味着,这些司机可以享受最低工资、带薪休假、社保等待遇,这会使 Uber 的经营成本大增。法院理由如下: Uber 制定价格,决定了司机可以赚多少钱。 Uber 设定了合同条款,司机没有协商权。 Uber 限制了工作的灵活性,如果司机拒单,Uber 将对其进行处罚。 Uber 通过星级评定来监控司机的服务,如果不满意司机的表现,则可以终止司机的行车资格。 国内的网约车司机、代驾员、送餐员等等,都满足上面的标准,似乎也可以主张被当作企业员工。

      说是自由职业者但没有任何自由. 完全受到平台的控制

  6. Feb 2021
    1. Those who are responsible for upholding this system profess to want to fight crime, but they do so by destroying communities.

      This is an obviously emotional appeal that would affect anyone in the audience since most everyone has a sense of community somewhere. This statement also boldly shades those who uphold the system; including judges, cops, lawyers, and politicians.

    1. oicing can alsoentail publicly calling ‘bullshit on bullshit’ orseeking help from an outside agency, such as aunion or government office. Employees are morelikely to choose to voice when they perceive thatthe organization offers sufficient psychologicalsafety; that is, when employees sense that theywill not be embarrassed or punished if they speakup (Frazier, Fainshmidt, Klinger, Pezeshkan, &Vracheva, 2017). The propensity to voice also de-pends on the extent to which employees haveorganizational commitment; that is, whether theycare for and believe in the organization enough towant to counter the harm of bullshit, combinedwith their perceived ability and capacity to make adifference. Such conditions are necessary foreffectively confronting bullshit. A principle knownas Brandolini’s Law states that the amount of en-ergy needed to refute bullshit is an order ofmagnitude larger than is needed to produce it(“Brandolini’s Law,” 2014).
    1. Because the Berne Convention in most countries by default grants copyright holders monopolistic control over their creations, copyright content must be explicitly declared free, usually by the referencing or inclusion of licensing statements from within the work.
    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, January 18). Calling lawyers, historians, and political scientists. A thread on the value of life. I’m still stunned by Lord Sumption, ex-judge on UK’s Supreme Court, now anti-lockdown campaigner, publicly stating that the life of a woman with stage 4 bowel cancer was ‘less valuable’ 1/4 [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1351118909886312449

    1. Benford’s Law is a theory which states that small digits (1, 2, 3) appear at the beginning of numbers much more frequently than large digits (7, 8, 9). In theory Benford’s Law can be used to detect anomalies in accounting practices or election results, though in practice it can easily be misapplied. If you suspect a dataset has been created or modified to deceive, Benford’s Law is an excellent first test, but you should always verify your results with an expert before concluding your data has been manipulated.

      This is a relatively good explanation of Benford's law.

      I've come across the theory in advanced math, but I'm forgetting where I saw the proof. p-adic analysis perhaps? Look this up.

    1. Cunningham’s Law

      Cunninghams' Law - Humans have a tendency to correct others.

      People do not like to tell you things, they like to contradict you.

    1. what is allowed

      What is allowed = what is legal (i.e. copyright law) and what the journal is willing to publish or reject. If authors are told they should consult the journal and the only response is the journal's own policy, assuming it contradicts the right retention strategy (RRS), the Publisher/Editor/Production Editor will be misinforming the author and denying them their legal rights.

    2. However, we are unable to support one route to compliance offered by Plan S,

      The publishers below will not support the Plan S rights retention strategy (RRS). In its simplest form the RRS re-asserts the authors' rights as the rights holder to assign a copyright license of their choice (CC BY informed by their funding agency) to all versions of their research/intellectual output. In the case of the RRS states that the author should apply a CC BY license to their accepted manuscript (AAM) if they cannot afford to pay article processing charges or choose not to apply a CC BY license to the Version of Record (VoR), which they are free to do. Therefore, this statement is either saying the undersigned will not carry publications forward to publication (most appropriate approach), or they will not support the same copyright laws which fundamentally protects their rights and revenue after a copyright transfer agreement is signed by the rightsholder.

      Academy of Dental Materials

      Acoustical Society of America

      AIP Publishing

      American Academy of Ophthalmology

      American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

      American Chemical Society

      American Gastroenterological Association American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

      American Medical Association

      American Physical Society

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      American Society for Radiation Oncology

      American Society of Civil Engineers

      American Society of Hematology

      American Society of Clinical Oncology

      American Association of Physicists in Medicine

      American Association of Physics Teachers

      AVS – The Society for Science and Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processing

      Brill

      British Journal of Anaesthesia

      Budrich Academic Press

      Cambridge Media

      Cambridge University Press

      Canadian Cardiovascular Society

      De Gruyter

      Duncker & Humblot

      Elsevier

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      Future Science Group 

      Hogrefe

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      IOP Publishing

      Journal of Nursing Regulation

      Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT).

      Julius Klinkhardt KG

      La Découverte

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      The Optical Society (OSA)

      Pearson Benelux

      SAGE Publishing

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  7. Jan 2021
    1. The bedrock upon which the American political system is built is the rule of law.

      Here's another theme that emerges in the document repeatedly. Watch over the next ten pages or so as it goes from natural rights and law-over-ruler to obedience.

    1. Jo Maugham QC [@jolyonMaugham] (2020, August) Calling on retired lawyers! Law students! Bored lawyers! We at @GoodLawProject need your help with some research... we are working on what will be (well, if we win it) seminal litigation to establish the precautionary principle as a freestanding part of E&W common law! Twitter. Retrieved from: https://twitter.com/JolyonMaugham/status/1296092565075369984

    1. Secular Kemalist rhetoric relieved some of the international concerns about the future of Armenians who had survived the 1915 Armenian genocide, and support for Kurdish self determination similarly declined.

      Mustafa Kamal Ataturk wisdom in the defence of Turkey

  8. Dec 2020
    1. In adjudicating the status ofAfricans and their descendants, such as Fernando, the English colonistscould follow the lead of the Iberians and conclude that slavery was apermanent condition, and apply the principle ofpartus sequitur ventrem,according to which slave status passed from mother to child.

      L. “That which is brought forth follows the belly”

    2. oned and evenreenslaved if he remained in the state in which he was born. In Louisianaor Virginia, when a person sought to prove in court that he was not aperson of color, he would bring evidence of civic acts, because citizenshipand whiteness were so linked in political thought and legal doctrine thatit was believed a citizen must be a white man, and only a white man couldbe a citizen.
    3. Ariela had written a book about the history of theeveryday law of slavery in the U.S. Deep South that emphasized localculture and law,

      2019-12-30 12:12:53 AM

    Tags

    Annotators

  9. Nov 2020
    1. The first is that the presence of surveillance means society cannot experiment with new things without fear of reprisal, and that means those experiments—if found to be inoffensive or even essential to society—cannot slowly become commonplace, moral, and then legal. If surveillance nips that process in the bud, change never happens. All social progress—from ending slavery to fighting for women’s rights—began as ideas that were, quite literally, dangerous to assert. Yet without the ability to safely develop, discuss, and eventually act on those assertions, our society would not have been able to further its democratic values in the way that it has. Consider the decades-long fight for gay rights around the world. Within our lifetimes we have made enormous strides to combat homophobia and increase acceptance of queer folks’ right to marry. Queer relationships slowly progressed from being viewed as immoral and illegal, to being viewed as somewhat moral and tolerated, to finally being accepted as moral and legal. In the end it was the public nature of those activities that eventually slayed the bigoted beast, but the ability to act in private was essential in the beginning for the early experimentation, community building, and organizing. Marijuana legalization is going through the same process: it’s currently sitting between somewhat moral, and—depending on the state or country in question—tolerated and legal. But, again, for this to have happened, someone decades ago had to try pot and realize that it wasn’t really harmful, either to themselves or to those around them. Then it had to become a counterculture, and finally a social and political movement. If pervasive surveillance meant that those early pot smokers would have been arrested for doing something illegal, the movement would have been squashed before inception. Of course the story is more complicated than that, but the ability for members of society to privately smoke weed was essential for putting it on the path to legalization. We don’t yet know which subversive ideas and illegal acts of today will become political causes and positive social change tomorrow, but they’re around. And they require privacy to germinate. Take away that privacy, and we’ll have a much harder time breaking down our inherited moral assumptions.

      One reason privacy is important is because society makes moral progress by experimenting with things on the fringe of what is legal.

      This is reminiscent of Signal's founder's argument that we should want law enforcement not to be 100% effective, because how else are we going to find out the gay sex, and marihuana use doesn't devolve and doesn't hurt anybody.

  10. Oct 2020
    1. Some legislation allows for treatment to be given in certain circumstances without the patient's volition. For example, irresponsible people with communicable diseases may be treated against their objection, as in the case of patients with tuberculosis who are noncompliant with treatment. Also, all provinces allow for the involuntary admission of patients to psychiatric facilities, provided they present an immediate risk to themselves or others, or are unable to take care of themselves

      These highlight cases where you can treat patients without their consent.

      1. Irresponsible people with communicable diseases (e.g. Tuberculosis)

      2. Psychiatry patients that pose an immediate threat to themselves and/or those around them.

    2. Voluntariness is a legal requirement of valid consent. In Beausoleil v. Sisters of Charity[8] a young woman about to undergo spinal surgery repeatedly requested a general anesthetic and refused a spinal anesthetic. After the patient had been sedated, the anesthetist convinced her to have a spinal anesthetic. The patient was subsequently paralyzed as a result of the procedure and successfully sued the anesthetist. In testimony, a witness said that the patient "refused [the spinal anesthetic], but they continued to offer it to her; finally she became tired and said: 'You do as you wish' or something like that."[9] The judge stated that the patient's agreement to the spinal anesthetic was involuntary, because it rested on "words which denote defeat, exhaustion, and abandonment of the will power."

      Very interesting case in which the doctor wore out out the patient by repeatedly asking her to for permission for spinal anesthetic to the point where the lady 'gave permission'. This was found by the courts to be involuntary as it was permission gained from loss of willpower.

    1. because we are all equal and independent, no-one ought toharm anyone else in his life, health, liberty, or possessions

      much more positive/optimistic outlook than hobbes

    2. For the law ofnature, like every law concerning men in this world, would befutile if no-one had power to enforce it and thereby preservethe innocent and restrain offenders

      agrees with Hobbes in that laws of nature need an enforcer- just instead says every man has this power

    1. Horwitz argued a fairly radical point, which I think never received wide enough recognition due to the subject matter and his extremely difficult (dense and dry) style.  He said, “I seek to show that one of the crucial choices made during the antebellum period was to promote economic growth primarily through the legal, not the tax, system, a choice which had major consequences for the distribution of wealth and power in American society”

      I'll have to add this book to my to read stack.

    2. “Change brought about through technical legal doctrine,” Horwitz said, “can more easily disguise underlying political choices [than] Subsidy through the tax system” (101).
    1. Think about fundamental tools for thought such as writing and the number system. Obviously, it’s good that those spread throughout society, unencumbered by IP concerns! More broadly, many tools of thought become more valuable for society as they become more ubiquitous.

      Metcalfe's Law at work here.

  11. Sep 2020
    1. The origin of these commandments follows the law of negative entities impressing information upon positively oriented mind/body/spirit complexes.

      Think about this "law". The law of negative entities is impressing information upon positively oriented beings. Interesting. Think of the old game, "Don't think of an elephant"