188 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2020
    1. and

      The word and always used when mentioning more than one thing.

    2. but

      but shoes that the next sentence is more important than the one before.

  2. Sep 2020
  3. Aug 2020
    1. ネット通販、カタログ通販、ケータリングなどを利用し、外出せずに家の中での生活をたのしむ消費傾向のこと

      stay-at-home economy

    1. Here's what 20 seconds of googling turned up: University of Rochester Grammar Style Guide oh hey look, a stackoverflow thread The truth about grammar: bailout versus bail out and there are so many more...
    1. I think the conjugation is particularly helpful to see why it should be two separate words: "log in" -> "logging in" -> "logged in"
    2. I don't doubt that we will soon treat the process of logging in as a figurative point of entry, meaning that log into will make full conceptual sense (cf you don't physically delve into a problem or pile into an argument, yet both are correct grammatically because they are semantically [i.e. figuratively])
  4. Jul 2020
    1. source | edit | rollback | link

      I can see (here) another reason people might incorrectly spell the verb roll back as "rollback": because they are including it in a list of other single-word words separated only by spaces. If one were to include the space in "roll back" as it should have, then it would "break" this meaningful-whitespace design/layout.

    1. set up

      This is the past participle of the verb "to set up".

      Also: do a web search for "be set up" vs "be setup".

    2. The verb set up, on the other hand, is usually found as an open compound (two words, no hyphen) in both American and British English.
  5. idioms.thefreedictionary.com idioms.thefreedictionary.com
    1. By extension, a situation in which problems continue to arise faster than one is able to solve or cope with them, resulting in piecemeal, incomplete, or temporary results.
  6. Jun 2020
    1. It’s a “bug” and you “fix” it - so properly, in English, it’s a “bug fix” - but very often it’s shortened to “bugfix”.
  7. May 2020
    1. A "tag" is a snippet of code that allows digital marketing teams to collect data, set cookies or integrate third-party content like social media widgets into a site.

      This is a bad re-purposing of the word "tag", which already has specific meanings in computing.

      Why do we need a new word for this? Why not just call it a "script" or "code snippet"?

  8. Apr 2020
    1. the spelling "Web site" (and the less questionable "web site") is an anachronism from the 1990s that is still in use by the NYT and some other conservative print media in the US while most others (including the online sections of the NYT!) today use "website".
    2. English tends to build new compound nouns by simply writing them as separate words with a blank. Once the compound is established (and the original parts somewhat "forgotten"), it's often written as one word or hyphenated. (Examples: shoelaces, aircraft...)
    3. Web site / website seems to be somewhat in a transitional stage, being seen as an "entity" that web page hasn't reached yet. Depending on which dictionary you check you will find web site and website, but only web page, not webpage.
    1. criture réflexive.

      L'un des atouts de MS Word est justement d'inviter l'utilisateur à ne pas réfléchir à son médium d'écriture, mais de juste l'utiliser (je reprends le paradigme de «document comme une fin»).

      Est-il toujours pertinent d'écrire de manière réflexive, en constant dialogue avec le médium d'écriture? En écartant les spécialistes, quelles compétences techniques (ou compréhension des formats) peut-on souhaiter à grande échelle?

      L'interface de stylo pourrait-elle être encadrer l'utilisateur avec davantage de convivialité tout en lui dévoilant son paradigme (éduquer en écrivant, amicalement et professionnellement)? (C'est une question UX, mais qui permettrait probablement une adoption plus large.)

    1. In mainstream press, the word "hacker" is often used to refer to a malicious security cracker. There is a classic definition of the term "hacker", arising from its first documented uses related to information technologies at MIT, that is at odds with the way the term is usually used by journalists. The inheritors of the technical tradition of the word "hacker" as it was used at MIT sometimes take offense at the sloppy use of the term by journalists and others who are influenced by journalistic inaccuracy.
    2. there's no reasonable way to communicate effectively with the less technically minded without acquiescing to the nontechnical misuse of the term "hacker"
    3. terms like "malicious security cracker" are sufficiently evocative and clear that their use actually helps make communication more effective than the common journalistic misuse of "hacker".
    1. Now, if we think of the tasks that we perform throughout the day as consuming separate "bands" of time, then the term makes perfect sense. Being "out of bandwidth" would indicate that you do not have enough unallocated "bands of time" in your day to complete the task. Using the term bandwidth to describe time maps more closely (in my opinion) to the original definition, than the current definition describing data capacity does.
    2. I may be living in a bubble, but my impression is that don't understand that figurative use of bandwidth are way out of the loop.
  9. Mar 2020
    1. Original PowerPoint Presentation [1.8MB, zipped PPT] This is the original PowerPoint presentation used for the keynote. Note, that the timings are rehearsal timings and don't follow the actual audio

      Have actually used this before, and it actually helps that Powerpoint is universal in its use, compared to word which can be almost replaced simply by windows notepad or built in software.

  10. Dec 2019
    1. branching

      I like this as a good alternative to the word arborescence. It seems to intuitively describe the concept using a more English-sounding word: it's talking about a specific branch/branching of the tree. Right?

  11. Nov 2019
  12. May 2019
  13. Apr 2019
  14. Feb 2019
    1. Blair lceds the popular desire for rules of taste, guidelines for writing and speaking, and well-digested, if not predigested, samples of proper liter• ature.

      Word choice! That is, making such literature easier to absorb and understand (digest).

  15. Jan 2019
    1. Architect and graphic designer Mahmoud Tammam has translated his love of word manipulation into a delightful series celebrating language.

      Love these!

    1. attractor

      Can anyone shed light on how this word functions in rhet studies in general, and in this paragraph in particular?

      As it is, I'm reading it as a source or well or magnet that a culture exaptates toward or "adexaptates" to.

  16. Dec 2018
    1. not only designed the first true word processor; in 1969, she was also a founder and the president of the Redactron Corporation, a tech start-up on Long Island that was the first company exclusively engaged in manufacturing and selling the revolutionary machines.

      Pretty incredible, especially given the era!

  17. Nov 2018
    1. ȄȄǼǼȅȅǷǷȐȐdzdzȔȔDZDZșșDZDZȗȗǴǴȔȔǶǶȓȓǶǶȎȎǹǹȊȊǸǸȃȃǹǹȋȋǺǺȇȇǼǼȃȃǾǾȂȂǽǽȂȂǽǽȂȂǾǾȁȁǾǾȁȁǿǿȁȁǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǾǾȀȀǿǿȁȁǿǿȀȀǸǸȉȉǷǷȒȒǵǵȎȎǵǵȍȍǵǵȍȍǴǴȎȎdzdzȏȏdzdzȏȏdzdzȐȐDzDzȑȑǴǴȑȑdzdzȔȔǶǶȖȖǵǵȗȗǶǶșșǴǴșșǴǴșșDZDZțțǴǴȚȚǶǶȔȔǴǴȍȍǯǯȍȍDzDzȌȌǶǶȌȌǸǸȇȇǻǻȆȆǻǻȅȅǺǺȆȆǻǻȇȇǽǽȃȃǾǾȁȁǾǾȂȂǼǼȄȄǾǾȂȂǽǽȃȃǻǻȇȇǹǹȍȍǸǸȍȍǹǹȋȋǸǸȈȈDZDZȊȊǷǷȆȆǼǼȄȄǿǿȁȁǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǾǾȂȂǽǽȂȂǹǹȌȌǷǷȐȐǹǹȏȏǻǻȍȍǻǻȈȈǼǼȄȄǽǽȄȄǽǽȁȁǾǾȂȂǾǾȂȂǽǽȆȆǸǸȔȔǷǷȔȔǸǸȕȕǷǷȕȕǹǹȕȕǷǷȔȔǸǸȒȒǸǸȒȒǸǸȓȓǶǶȐȐǷǷȑȑǷǷȏȏǺǺȋȋǻǻȃȃǼǼȃȃǽǽȂȂǻǻȄȄǻǻȂȂǸǸȆȆǹǹȄȄǸǸȅȅǸǸȅȅǸǸȅȅǾǾȅȅǸǸȂȂǼǼȃȃǽǽȂȂǾǾȂȂǾǾȁȁǾǾȂȂǽǽȂȂǽǽȃȃǾǾȂȂǾǾȁȁǿǿȁȁǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿǿȀȀǿ

      testing the highlight of a wave

  18. Oct 2018
    1. Since the question is about determining the morphological profile of a language, the issue of determining word boundaries is quite central.

      Так как морфологический профиль, то проблема разделения слов (word boundaries) является центральной

  19. Jul 2018
  20. course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com
    1. Everything changes. Now she was going to go away like the others, to leave her home.

      These sentences capture the story's thematic core: the internal and external dynamics of coming and going, not only spatially (e.g., the passing pedestrians) and geographically (e.g., the priest in Melbourne), but also generationally (see the double repetition of "grown up" in this paragraph) and in the transition from life to death. We could begin to trace the workings of this theme in this story, and throughout Dubliners, by comparing the frequency of language of stasis and return to the frequency of words associated with leaving and escape.

    2. NORTH RICHMOND STREET, being blind, was a quiet street except at the hour when the Christian Brothers’ School set the boys free

      This first sentence already raises some questions. What does it mean for North Richmond Street to be "blind" (sightless?)? And why is the Christian Brothers' School characterized as a prison from which boys are "set free"? We could explore the second question further by creating concordances and collocations with words associated with freedom and captivity.

    3. I felt my soul receding into some pleasant and vicious region; and there again I found it waiting for me. It began to confess to me in a murmuring voice and I wondered why it smiled continually and why the lips were so moist with spittle.

      There are quite a few religious references throughout the text, and not only in direct reference to the priest . I would be interesting to run they words using a narrative time analysis to see ho they are used through out the entire piece. I would also be interested in running a collocation analysis to see if they appear together frequently.

    4. We pleased ourselves with the spectacle of Dublin’s commerce—the barges signalled from far away by their curls of woolly smoke, the brown fishing fleet beyond Ringsend, the big white sailing-vessel which was being discharged on the opposite quay. Mahony said it would be right skit to run away to sea on one of those big ships and even I, looking at the high masts, saw, or imagined, the geography which had been scantily dosed to me at school gradually taking substance under my eyes. School and home seemed to recede from us and their influences upon us seemed to wane.

      The narrator's description of the commercial ships, and his fantasy of sailing away from Dublin, briefly suspend the narrative, creating a temporal and spatial expansiveness that pressures the story's geographic containment. It would be interesting to track and investigate the language of imagination and fantasy throughout Dubliners with a concordance and collocations.

    5. I wished to go in and look at him but I had not the courage to knock. I walked away slowly along the sunny side of the street, reading all the theatrical advertisements in the shopwindows as I went. I found it strange that neither I nor the day seemed in a mourning mood and I felt even annoyed at discovering in myself a sensation of freedom as if I had been freed from something by his death. I wondered at this for, as my uncle had said the night before, he had taught me a great deal. He had studied in the Irish college in Rome and he had taught me to pronounce Latin properly. He had told me stories about the catacombs and about Napoleon Bonaparte, and he had explained to me the meaning of the different ceremonies of the Mass and of the different vestments worn by the priest. Sometimes he had amused himself by putting difficult questions to me, asking me what one should do in certain circumstances or whether such and such sins were mortal or venial or only imperfections.

      Packed with mixed feelings of curiosity, fear, deferral, confusion, irritation, freedom, and reminiscing, this passage suggests that the narrator's relationship with the late Father Flynn is far more complicated (and perhaps troubling) than meets the eye. The language of this excerpt is ripe for close reading, but we could also explore it computationally by calculating pronoun frequencies (i.e., how often "he" and "him" appear compared to "I" and "me"), and by performing a sentiment analysis in a Jupyter notebook. It would be interesting to compare one's close readings with the results of a computer-generated sentiment analysis.

    1. Even Charlotte and the girls were too much for him to-night. They were too... too... But all his drowsing brain could think of was—too rich for him.

      I'm curious about what we would find by tracking the word "too" across the entire Mansfield short story corpus, mainly with word counts, word collocations, and n-grams. My hypothesis would be that the word "too" appears most frequently (perhaps exclusively) in stories with thematics of excess, both material and immaterial.

    2. hard life,

      This phrase has occurred more than once in the text. I would be interested in doing a word frequency and colocation analysis to see how often and in what context it is repeated to identify whether or not it is a motif.

    3. But if it had been cold in the cabin, on deck it was like ice. The sun was not up yet, but the stars were dim, and the cold pale sky was the same colour as the cold pale sea. On the land a white mist rose and fell. Now they could see quite plainly dark bush. Even the shapes of the umbrella ferns showed, and those strange silvery withered trees that are like skeletons... Now they could see the landing-stage and some little houses, pale too, clustered together, like shells on the lid of a box. The other passengers tramped up and down, but more slowly than they had the night before, and they looked gloomy.

      This interlude slows the narrative down with sensory details that evoke unease and gloom: from the icy air, to the skeleton-like trees, to the clustered houses, to the trudging passengers, the reader cannot help but anxiously anticipate the events and conversations that will follow. We can broaden our exploration of how the story creates this mood by tracing the words "cold," "pale," and "dark" with word counts, concordances, and dispersion plots.

    4. The strawberry bonnet fell forward: she sounded quite faint

      There are a lot of references to food and flavors in this passage. I would be interested into doing a word colocation to find out what words are used in what context / how they are being referenced.

    5. We tore through the black-and-gold town l

      There have been some i interesting verb choices and colorful descriptions so far. I think a word colocation analysis would provide us with some robust data to examine the unique ways in which verbs and colors are use.

    6. At that she threw back her coat; she turned and faced me; her lips parted. “Good heavens—why! I—I don’t mind it a bit. I—I like waiting.” And suddenly her cheeks crimsoned, her eyes grew dark—for a moment I thought she was going to cry. “L—let me, please,” she stammered, in a warm, eager voice. “I like it. I love waiting! Really—really I do! I’m always waiting—in all kinds of places... “ Her dark coat fell open, and her white throat—all her soft young body in the blue dress—was like a flower that is just emerging from its dark bud.

      Could go in detailed analysis with all the striking colors. 'crimson','dark',;white', 'blue' and 'gold' appeared quite frequently in the story. Perhaps the colors were a symbolism of her status and her pensive nature. A young girl that was always waiting, in all kinds of places.

    7. There came a little rustle, a scurry, a hop.

      There have been some interesting verbs in the narrative thus far, especially this little cluster here. While the use of verbs has been frequent, the verbs them self have been some what gentle and not aggressive or assertive. I would be interested in performing a word frequency analysis to gather all the verbs, followed by a sentiment analysis to see if they are congruent with this theme of gentle submission / obedience which arises in the text.

    8. Meringues

      The recurrence of "meringues" until this point warrants further examination. In addition to tracing this motif and performing contextual analyses, we can use word collocations and concordances to better understand the physical and figurative resonances of this dessert. This reading could then feed into a broader analysis of all of the story's ingestible substances.

    9. caring for the smell of lavender.

      Even this early in the narrative there have a variety of plants and characters introduced (almost like a garden of characters as well as plants). I would be interested in doing a comparison of the variety of characters mentioned, including those mentioned only by description compared with the plants. We perform a word frequency analysis and also look for Ngrams.

  21. course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com
    1. beyond any reasonable doubt

      With this key phrase of legal discourse, Cuff's takes on the role of a prosecutor in a courtroom, shouldering the burden of proof in the case at hand. What is the relationship between detective work and legal argumentation? How does the novel's language put various characters on trial, not only before other characters, but also before the novel's jury of readers? A word collocation analysis of words and phrases with legal significance would help us to determine whether or not legal language shapes standards of evidence in The Moonstone.

    2. There is here, moral, if not legal, evidence, that the murder was committed by the Indians.

      This is a very interesting take on "evidence" as being moral if not legal by Sergeant Cuff. It makes me question exactly what he means by that if there is a way to use computational analysis to find out. We could perhaps start by parsing out "evidence" throughout the text with a machine learning algorithm to help he define evidence and then, going forward, device a way (maybe with sentiment analysis) to determine moral evidence from legal evidence.

    3. laudanum,

      Aw we have discussed before in class, there is a motif of addictive substances, like opium, alcohol and laudanum. It would be interesting to do a word collocation/concordance to in what context these substance arise. I would also be interesting in creating a network of the characters based on these substance to see which characters share the same bad habits!

    4. I told him exactly what I was permitted to tell, and no more.

      Ezra Jennings is very conscious about what he can and cannot disclose to other characters (and, consequently, to readers of the text). When and why do characters withhold information throughouth The Moonstone? And how does delayed information shape the pacing of the narrative? A comparative word count of chapters and larger sections that involve deferred information can help us to determine whether the act of withholding knowledge extends or curtails narration.

    5. Here, again, there is a motive under the surface; and, here again, I fancy that I can find it out.

      Once again, we encounter the language of detective work, which often involves the uncovering and probing of underlying motives. What distinguishes Betteredge's "detective fever" from Ezra Jennings's understanding of detection? We could operationalize this comparative question into a word collocation study of target words that are associated with detective work (e.g., "detective," "suspect," "motive," etc.).

    6. The chance of searching into the loss of the Moonstone, is the one chance of inquiry that Rachel herself has left me.”

      Throughout his narrative Blake repeatedly links the mention of Rachel to the mention of the Moonstone / Diamond. I would be interested in running a word colocation / frequency analysis to see how often this happens in Blake's narrative and throughout the rest of the text. It may also be worth while to do a sentiment analysis and see what the tone is for each mention based on which narrative it came occurred in.

    7. Having heard the story of the past, my next inquiries (still inquiries after Rachel!) advanced naturally to the present time. Under whose care had she been placed after leaving Mr. Bruff’s house? and where was she living now?

      Blake's account of Rachel is clearly distinct form the other narrators because of their romantic past. He mentions her frequently throughout his narrative. I would like to run a frequency count the number of times he mentions Rachel compared tot he rest of the narratives in the book. I wonder if it is possible to isolate the discussions of Rachel in each character's narrative and then do some topic modeling with the extracted texts to examine how Rachel is discussed by each character.

    8. It distressed me, it did indeed distress me, to hear her say that. She was so young and so lonely–and she bore it so well!

      Bruff's impression of Rachel is very different from Miss Clack, but similar to the affectionate tone of Betteredge. I would be interested in running a word frequency count on all of the ways Rachel is described by the different narrators and do a comparison between the words used by the different narrators and also which words they share in her description.

    9. And what of that?–you may reply–the thing is done every day. Granted, my dear sir. But would you think of it quite as lightly as you do, if the thing was done (let us say) with your own sister?

      Mathew Bruff carefully anticipates the reader's objections, and tries to persuade him ("my dear sir") to reconsider his assessment of Godfrey Ablewhite. To better understand how and why The Moonstone's various narrators directly address readers, we could run a word collocation analysis and/or a sentiment analysis on each moment that features a narrator addressing a reader. Then, we would be informed enough to speculate about the extent to which such addresses prove effective.

    10. Early on that memorable day, our gifted Mr. Godfrey happened to be cashing a cheque at a banking-house in Lombard Street

      Miss Clack has made several mentions of wealth, poverty and other financial concerns. It seems that she correlates her narrative with economic status or financially related events, such as chasing a check. I would be interested in doing a frequency count to see how often these types of terms are used in her narrative compared to the others.

    11. “This is a miserable world,” says the Sergeant.

      Sergeant Cuff is total downer. His dialogue tends to be really negative. I would be interested in doing a text analysis of the words his character uses to see the frequency of words with a negative connotation in comparison to the neutral and positive words used.

  22. May 2018
    1. We are met at the very threshold of that realm with a statement which is calculated to check our steps for the moment, and if we approach with a sense of knowing or possessing anything already, with a sense of contentment, of personal satisfaction, or with any sense other than that of needing to know everything, then this word should bring us to a standstill at once: "...no one knoweth the Son, save the Father..." Maybe we thought we knew something about the Lord Jesus, and that we had ability to know; that study, and listening, and various other forms of our own application and activity could bring us to a knowledge, but at the outset we are told that "...no one knoweth the Son, save the Father..." All that the Son is, is locked up with the Father, and He alone knows.

      The utter solitariness of Christ is reminded here. All external human efforts can only teach and talk about Christ objectively, that too only to a certain limit; they can only tell about him in a mere mental and propositional way, not an inch more. All true knowledge of Christ and any subjective comprehension can only be initiated by God himself by the work of the Holy Spirit ; through the means of the Word of God. This is revelation, revealed truth.

  23. Mar 2018
    1. Largely from this fact, have arisen their cultural gifts to America

      I find the word choice in this section amusing, to say the least. The fact that the contributions that a group of people with roots in slavery and dehumanization are described as a "gift" to America seems wrong to me. Maybe could be phrased differently?

  24. Dec 2017
  25. Oct 2017
    1. For the moment I’ll put on my scientific thinking hat because there numerous ways that I can provide evidence for my claim the people believe all sorts of crazy things.

      Change "there" to "there are".

    1. If this was real data, then we wouldn’t know if the two sample means came from the the same distribution or different distributions.

      Repeated the word "the".

    2. What happens we we do this?

      Repeated word "we". First "we" should be changed to "when".

    3. If you can guarantee that the the only change was switch 1 going up and down, then you can be confident of the inference that switch 1 caused light 1 to turn on and off.

      Repeated "the" should be deleted.

    4. But, how confident our we that our manipulation of the light switch was the only variable changing in our experiment?

      Correction first "our" should be changed to "are".

  26. Jul 2017
    1. iconoclasm

      "the action of attacking or assertively rejecting cherished beliefs and institutions or established values and practices."

    1. The sentence that caught my attention was " to learn multiple languages".This is interesting to me because I like learn many languages, too. If you know many languages you can travel around the world and be a professional.

  27. Jun 2017
  28. www.matthewedavis.net www.matthewedavis.net
    1. confront

      Repetition of "confront" perhaps change to one of the following: contemplate (critically) examine scrutinize reflect on

  29. May 2017
    1. The Word of Wisdom was “given for a principle with promise” (D&C 89:3). That word principle in the revelation is a very important one. A principle is an enduring truth, a law, a rule you can adopt to guide you in making decisions. Generally principles are not spelled out in detail. That leaves you free to find your way with an enduring truth, a principle, as your anchor.Members write in asking if this thing or that is against the Word of Wisdom. It’s well known that tea, coffee, liquor, and tobacco are against it. It has not been spelled out in more detail. Rather, we teach the principle together with the promised blessings. There are many habit-forming, addictive things that one can drink or chew or inhale or inject which injure both body and spirit which are not mentioned in the revelation.Everything harmful is not specifically listed; arsenic, for instance—certainly bad, but not habit-forming! He who must be commanded in all things, the Lord said, “is a slothful and not a wise servant” (D&C 58:26).

      This reinforces the idea that we should not look for an official policy on all aspects of every principle. Just use it as a guide to make good decisions.

    1. A cognitive signature™ encodes the exact structure of a graph.●It is a lossless encoding, similar to a Gödel numbering. *●For unlabeled graphs, integers are sufficient for a cognitive signature.●For example, 0 maps to and from an empty graph with no nodes or arcs.●1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 can be mapped to and from the following graphs:●To encode the structure of conceptual graphs in Cognitive Memory, the cognitive signatures are based on generalized combinatorial maps. **By contrast, a word vector encodes labels, but not structure.●A word vector is a “bag of labels” that ignores the graph connections.●Word vectors are often used for measuring the similarity of documents.●But they discard the structural information necessary for reasoning, question answering, and language understanding.

      Comparing Kyndi's Cognitive Signature to word vectors. Word vectors as bags of labels whereas a cognitive signature captures structure as well as ontology

  30. Apr 2017
    1. Anyex~~isanimperfectionmarkedbyurgency;itisadefect,anobstacle,something~",aitiIIgtobedone,atlringwlrichisotherthanitshouldbe

      "Other than it should be," "imperfection," "defect": I'm not sure how I feel about this word choice, since it is also the words used to describe minority groups.

    1. arg maxvw;vcP(w;c)2Dlog11+evcvw

      maximise the log probability.

    2. p(D= 1jw;c)the probability that(w;c)came from the data, and byp(D= 0jw;c) =1p(D= 1jw;c)the probability that(w;c)didnot.

      probability of word,context present in text or not.

    3. Loosely speaking, we seek parameter values (thatis, vector representations for both words and con-texts) such that the dot productvwvcassociatedwith “good” word-context pairs is maximized.
    4. In the skip-gram model, each wordw2Wisassociated with a vectorvw2Rdand similarlyeach contextc2Cis represented as a vectorvc2Rd, whereWis the words vocabulary,Cis the contexts vocabulary, anddis the embed-ding dimensionality.

      Factors involved in the Skip gram model

    1. Word2vec is a particularly computationally-efficient predictive model for learning word embeddings from raw text. It comes in two flavors, the Continuous Bag-of-Words model (CBOW) and the Skip-Gram model (Section 3.1 and 3.2 in Mikolov et al.).
  31. Jan 2017
  32. Aug 2016
    1. I, by so doing, provide My Idea with a suitableform for Earthly expression, -- I gave you the power to express Your Self, through a definiteorganism, by means of words

      I have the power to express from the Impersonal Self