2 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2019
    1. Measurements are variables that can be quantified. All data in the output above are measurements. Some of these measurements, such as state_percentile_16, avg_score_16 and school_rating, are outcomes; these outcomes cannot be used to explain one another. For example, explaining school_rating as a result of state_percentile_16 (test scores) is circular logic. Therefore we need a second class of variables.