8 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2018
    1. Diurnal cloud and circulation changes in simulated1tropical cyclones

      Summary/qualitative assessment: This manuscript seeks to explain the offset in timing between the observed maxima in cloud top height and rainfall in a simulated tropical cyclone (TC). The authors demonstrate that this difference in timing arises due to the bimodal nature of the TC response to the diurnal cycle: the peak in cloud top height occurs during the day, due to heating-induced upward motion from the absorption of solar radiation by ice crystals; the peak in rainfall occurs at night in response to latent heating and increased convection, due to both radiative destabilization at cloud top as well as low-level convergence induced by cloudy vs. clear sky differential radiation.

      This is a clear, well-written paper which elegantly describes the relevant mechanisms and highlights the important processes. The figures are dense but clearly labeled, which makes for ease in interpreting. I recommend acceptance after a few clarifications and minor revisions.

    2. Therefore, the impact of the diurnal cycle on the timing of tropical cy-136clogenesis is negligible in this simulation set

      It may be useful to also include a 'no radiation" case in Fig 1, to show both how the presence (and absence) of radiation affects the timing of cyclogenesis, as well as for clear comparison with previous studies (e.g., Melhauzer and Zhang 2014).

    3. two-moment microphysics scheme

      One major take-away from this work is that the outflow-layer circulation (daytime circulation) is sensitive to the concentration of ice, and therefore the model microphysics. How sensitive are these results to the chosen microphysics scheme? I do not suggest that the authors perform such sensitivity calculations for this study, but I do think this is an important aspect to consider (similar to the discussion of domain size in lines 367-374).

    4. horizontally invariant zenith an-96gle corresponding to equinox at 19.45N

      Are these simulates computed for a constant Julian day? If so, I would suggest stating that here for clarity and for possible reproduction of the work. If not, how might temporal variations in solar zenith angle affect the results for these long simulations? For example, after 90 days of integration, how might the change in incoming radiation affect the results?

    5. 500 m near model top91at 27 km

      With a stretched vertical grid, what is the resolution near the outflow layer in the simulated TC? How might this resolution affect the magnitude of the vertical circulation (w') at this level (e.g., Fig. 2a.-b.)?

    6. Given the sensitivity of daily mean radiative balance to diurnal cloud phasing [Bergman61and Salby, 1997;Yin and Porporato, 2017], understanding such mechanisms is critical.

      Suggest elaborating on "such mechanisms" for better understanding. For example, explicitly stating that "understanding this offset phasing in TCs" is critical.

    7. of transverse

      Add "the" after of

    8. that has long been puzzled over

      Suggest rewording of this phrase to, e.g., "that has long been considered in the literature."