635 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2019
    1. It is not easy to express the joy I was in, upon the unexpected hope of once more seeing my beloved country, and the dear pledges I left in it.

      just his happiness in being home- but also the irony of saying "seeing" his beloved country after he was almost blinded

    2. I would gladly have taken a dozen of the natives, but this was a thing the emperor would by no means permit; and, besides a diligent search into my pockets, his majesty engaged my honor not to carry away any of his subjects, although with their own consent and desire.

      he wasn't allowed take any of the people on the ship with him

    3. while I had liberty, the whole strength of that empire could hardly subdue me, and I might easily with stones pelt the metropolis to pieces; but I soon rejected that project with horror, by remembering the oath I had made to the emperor, the favors I received from him, and the high title of nardac he conferred upon me.

      Gulliver thought about how easily it would have been to take out the community when he was free, but he stopped himself when he thought about the promise he had made to them and how they kept him fed and stuff

    4. whereby you are only condemned to the loss of your eyes

      thats all, we are just going to blind you.. This guy is talking about it so nonchalantly

    5. his majesty’s subjects might in two or three days cut your flesh from your bones, take it away by cart-loads, and bury it in distant parts, to prevent infection,

      gross but kind of smart

    6. who extinguished the fire in that unprincipled manner, might at another time inundate and drown the whole palace; and the same strength, which enabled you to bring over the enemy’s fleet, might serve, upon the first discontent, to carry it back: that he had good reasons to think you were a Big-endian in your heart; and, as treason begins in the heart, before it appears in overt acts, so he accused you as a traitor on that account, and therefore insisted you should be put to death.

      they assumed gulliver may be a traitor

    7. Some of your servants were to have private orders to strew a poisonous juice on your shirts and sheets, which would soon make you tear your own flesh, and die in the utmost torture.


    8. Thus, the young ladies there are as much ashamed of being cowards and fools as the men, and despise all personal ornaments beyond decency and cleanliness: neither did I perceive any difference in their education, made by their difference of sex,

      whattt?!! crazy idea that men and women could have similar schooling experiences!

    9. The pension from each family, for the education and entertainment of a child, upon failure of due payment, is levied by the emperor’s officers.

      taxes for tuition

    10. but the old and diseased among them are supported by hospitals; for begging is a trade unknown in this empire.

      this sounds like a sort of utopia, their government supports people who need help such as those who are old or sick

    11. those intended for apprentices are dismissed at seven years old, the rest are kept to eleven.

      school for some ends at 7 years old if they are to learn a trade and others are taught until age 11

    12. to show she was more disposed to reward than to punish.

      psychologically speaking, you will see more positive behaviors than negative behaviors if you seek to reward the positive behaviors more than you look for bad behaviors.

    13. but they suppose truth, justice, temperance, and the like, to be in every man’s power, the practice of which virtues, assisted by experience, and a good intention, would qualify any man for the service of his country,

      their core values and beliefs in their society... this seems like a great place to live

    14. They bury their dead with their heads directly downwards, because they hold an opinion, that in eleven thousand moons they are all to rise again, in which period the earth (which they conceive to be flat) will turn upside down, and by this means they shall, at the resurrection, be found ready, standing on their feet.

      this seems strange to us, but with the beliefs this community has is smart or it makes sense. This whole book thus far just reminds me not to be judgmental of other people and cultures because to them I seem just as strange.

    15. My greatest apprehension was for mine eyes, which I should have infallibly lost, if I had not suddenly thought of an expedient. I kept, among other little necessaries, a pair of spectacles, in a private pocket, which, as I observed before, had escaped the emperor’s searchers. These I took out, and fastened as strongly as I could upon my nose, and thus armed, went on boldly with my work, in spite of the enemy’s arrows, many of which struck against the glasses of my spectacles, but without any other effect, farther than a little to discompose them.

      using glasses to protect his eyes is pretty smart

    16. The enemy were so frightened, when they saw me, that they leaped out of their ships, and swam to shore,

      standing in the sea he scared the enemies

    17. and it was impossible for me to stride over them without infinite damage to the pile, though the walls were strongly built of hewn stone, and four inches thick.

      he was going to hurt the infrastructure

    18. By which the reader may conceive an idea of the ingenuity of that people, as well as the prudent and exact economy of so great a prince.

      they calculated the volume of his body in comparison to theirs to see how much food he would need

    19. liberty.

      he always uses liberty instead of freedoms

    20. Lastly. That upon his solemn oath to observe all the above articles, the said man-mountain shall have a daily allowance of meat and drink sufficient for the support of 1724 of our subjects, with free access to our royal person, and other marks of our favor. Given at our palace at Belfaborac, the twelfth day of the ninety-first moon of our reign.

      free food!!!

    21. and whose head strikes against the sun;

      metaphor- saying he was so tall his head it close enough to the sun to touch it

    22. except Skyrris Bolgolam who was pleased, without any provocation, to be my mortal enemy.

      Skyrris realllly wants to hate him

    23. my hat

      after reading the communities description of the hat I i was confused, but as I read it a second time knowing what it is now it sounds funny

    24. I took nine of these sticks, and fixing them firmly in the ground in a quadrangular figure, two feet and a half square, I took four other sticks and tied them parallel at each corner, about two feet from the ground; then I fastened my handkerchief to the nine sticks that stood erect, and extended it on all sides, till it was as tight as the top of a drum; and the four parallel sticks, rising about five inches higher than the handkerchief, served as ledges on each side.

      is this structure similar to a trampoline?

    25. These diversions are often attended with fatal accidents, whereof great numbers are on record. I myself have seen two or three candidates break a limb. But the danger is much greater when the ministers themselves are commanded to show their dexterity! for, by contending to excel themselves and their fellows, they strain so far that there is hardly one of them who hath not received a fall, and some of them two or three. I was assured that a year or two before my arrival, Flimnap would have infallibly broke his neck if one of the king’s cushions, that accidentally lay on the ground, had not weakened the force of his fall.

      it seems like they are doing circus tricks or gymnastics

    26. The emperor had a mind, one day, to entertain me with one of the country shows, wherein they exceed all nations I have known, both for dexterity and magnificence. I was diverted with none so much as that of the rope-dancers, performed upon a slender white thread, extended about two feet, and twelve inches from the ground

      they grew to trust him enough to let him see a show

    27. I first cautioned the emperor not to be afraid, and then let it off in the air

      he shot an empty round of his pistol for them to show them what it does

    28. for the sun shone clear, and the reflection dazzled their eyes,

      i like they way he describes how shiny it is

    29. with a wonderful kind of engine at the bottom

      a pocket watch described as an engine

    30. the great man-mountain

      they called him the great man mountain.. is this only because of his size ?

    31. nine hundred yards round the city to deliver in, every morning, six beeves, forty sheep, and other victuals, for my sustenance; together with a proportionable quantity of bread and wine, and other liquors; for the due payment of which his majesty gave assignments upon his treasury.

      they had animals and other food delivered for him daily because they started to like him

    32. He directed that those who had already beheld me should return home, and not presume to come within fifty yards of my house without license from court;

      people were wasting too much time going to see him

    33. thought no punishment so proper as to deliver them bound into my hands

      they figured he would do the most harm if he wanted to

    34. , High and Low Dutch, Latin, French, Spanish, Italian, and Lingua Franca;[15] but all to no purpose.

      he studied to be a traveler so it would make sense he knows many languages, but this is still a language he doesn't know

    35. He was then past his prime, being twenty-eight years and three-quarters old,

      past his prime?? How old is prime in this time period? is it closer to 20?

    36. he country around, appeared like a continued garden, and the enclosed fields, which were generally forty feet square, resembled so many beds of flowers. These fields were intermingled with woods of half a stang,[12] and the tallest trees, as I could judge, appeared to be seven feet high. I viewed the town on my left hand, which looked like the painted scene of a city in a theatre.

      Author uses a lot of imagery- this place looks to him like a large garden

    37. edifice

      a building, especially a large, imposing one

    38. Five hundred carpenters and engineers were immediately set to work, to prepare the greatest engine they had. It was a frame of wood, raised three inches from the ground, about seven feet long and four wide, moving upon twenty-two wheels. The shout I heard was upon the arrival of this engine, which, it seems, set out in four hours after my landing.

      what type of engine are they talking about because I didn't think they were invented for another 100 years...

      is this more like a large wagon? because horses still pulled it

    39. and it was no wonder, for the physicians, by the emperor’s order, had mingled a sleepy potion in the hogsheads of wine

      they had drugged his drink to make him sleep

    40. for so I interpreted my submissive behavior

      he was learning to be submissive to the community rather than fight against them for fear of what they might all do together

    41. orator

      a public speaker, especially one who is eloquent or skilled

    42. who seemed to be a person of quality, made me a long speech, whereof I understood not one syllable.

      the community built a stage next to where they had captured him so that somebody important could give a speech. I think the last part is funny. Just talking to him in a different language and expecting that he would understand

    43. prudent

      acting with or showing care and thought for the future

    44. confused noise about me

      a noise that confused him

    45. I often let my legs drop, and could feel no bottom; but, when I was almost gone, and able to struggle no longer, I found myself within my depth; and, by this time, the storm was much abated.

      he is saying that he was swimming/ treading water and then kept trying to see if it was shallow enough to touch the bottom. When he was super tired and worn out it was shallow enough for him to stand.

    46. It would not be proper, for some reasons, to trouble the reader with the particulars of our adventures in those seas.

      where the particulars inappropriate or is it just too lengthy and a waste of time

    47. I laid them out in learning navigation, and other parts of the mathematics useful to those who intend to travel,

      This is an interesting look into the past. People would study navigation and learn skills that would help them read a mad, follow directions or land marks, etc. Comparing his schooling to something like pilot school today is very different.

    1. He had learned to take tobacco; and when he was assured he should die, he desired they would give him a pipe in his mouth, ready lighted; which they did. And the executioner came, and first cut off his members, and threw them into the fire; after that, with an ill-favored knife, they cut off his ears and his nose and burned them; he still smoked on, as if nothing had touched him; then they hacked off one of his arms, and still he bore up, and held his pipe; but at the cutting off the other arm, his head sunk, and his pipe dropped, and he gave up the ghost, without a groan or a reproach.

      oh my gosh.....

    2. “O monster! that hast murdered thy wife.”

      they think he is a monster for murdering his wife but only wanted her to be alive to use her anyways

    3. with a hand resolved, and a heart breaking within, gave the fatal stroke, first cutting her throat, and then severing her yet smiling face from that delicate body, pregnant as it was with the fruits of tenderest love.

      Oroonoko kills Imoinda :(( out of love but that is still rough

    4. he told her his design, first of killing her, and then his enemies, and next himself, and the impossibility of escaping, and therefore he told her the necessity of dying. He found the heroic wife faster pleading for death that he was to propose it, when she found his fixed resolution; and, on her knees, besought him not to leave her a prey to his enemies

      His idea is to kill his wife and them himself so they can escape this life and she said yes

    5. They spared Imoinda, and did not let her see this barbarity committed towards her lord, but carried her down to Parham, and shut her up; which was not in kindness to her, but for fear she should die with the sight, or miscarry, and then they should lose a young slave, and perhaps the mother

      they didn't do the same thing to Imodia to make sure she would deliver a healthy baby so they could keep them both

    6. and surprising them, bound them to two several stakes, and whipped them in a most deplorable and inhuman manner, rending the very flesh from their bones,

      whipping so harshly that the skin was ripped from their bones

    7. that he was ashamed of what he had done, in endeavoring to make those free who were by nature slaves, poor wretched rogues, fit to be used as Christian’s tolls; dogs, treacherous and cowardly, fit for such masters, and they wanted only but to be whipped into the knowledge of the Christian gods, to be the vilest of all creeping things

      the comparison of slaves to trolls and dogs if how harshly they were treated

    8. left him only Tuscan and his heroic Imoinda, who, grown big as she was, did nevertheless press near her lord, having a bow and a quiver full of poisoned arrows, which she managed with such dexterity that she wounded several, and shot the Governor into the shoulder;

      Imoinda and Oroonoko tried to fight together

    9. Yield! and leave Caesar to their revenge”; that by degrees the slaves abandoned Caesar,

      the other fugitives stopped fighting the owners to stay alive and left Oroonoko to die instead

    10. and men that had the courage and the bravery to attempt, at least, for liberty; and if they died in the attempt, it would be more brave than to live in perpetual slavery.

      it would be better to die fighting for freedom to die in slavery

    11. “And why,” said he, “my dear friends and fellow-sufferers, should we be slaves to an unknown people? Have they vanquished us nobly in fight? Have they won us in honorable battle? And are we by the chance of war become their slaves? This would not anger a noble heart; this would not animate a soldiers soul: no, but we are bought and sold like apes or monkeys, to be the sport of women, fools, and cowards; and the support of rogues and runagates, that have abandoned their own countries for rapine, murders, theft, and villainies. Do you not hear every day how they upbraid each other with infamy of life, below the wildest savages? And shall we render obedience to such a degenerate race, who have no one human virtue left, to distinguish them from the vilest creatures? Will you, I say, suffer the lash from such hands?”

      Oroonoko has had enough and is challenging the fact that they are slaves even though they have done nothing wrong. He starts to rally up other slaves

    12. but now Imoinda began to show she was with child, and did nothing but sigh and weep for the captivity of her lord,

      her pregnancy was showing, she had a visible baby bump, and this upset her because she still was not free.

    13. but however their shapes appeared, their souls were very humane and noble; but some wanted their noses, some their lips, some both noses and lips, some their ears, and others cut through each cheek, with long slashes, through which their teeth appeared: they had several other formidable wounds and scars, or rather dismemberings. They had comitias, or little aprons before ’em; and girdles of cotton, with their knives naked stuck in it; a bow at their back, and a quiver of arrows on their thighs; and most had feathers on their heads of divers colors.

      more description of what they were wearing/ looked like

    14. For my part, I took ’em for hobgoblins, or fiends, rather than men:

      this is just rude, they were humans just like her but she didn't value them the same way because they are different from her

    15. I soon perceived, by an admiration that is natural to these people, and by the extreme ignorance and simplicity of ’em, it were not difficult to establish any unknown or extravagant religion among them, and to impose any notions or fictions upon ’em.

      she is saying that the simplicity of this community makes them easy to trick and convince of new ideas

    16. They were all naked; and we were dressed, so as is most commode for the hot countries, very glittering and rich; so that we appeared extremely fine: my own hair was cut short, and I had a taffety cap, with black feathers on my head; my brother was in a stuff-suit, with silver loops and buttons, and abundance of green ribbon.

      the comparison of clothing shows a difference in the two cultures... both very curious of one another

    17. so that they cut in pieces all they could take, getting into houses, and hanging up the mother and all her children about her; and cut a footman, I left behind me, all in joints, and nailed him to trees.

      very gruesome imagery

    18. called a numb eel (an eel of which I have eaten) that, while it is alive, it has a quality so cold that those who are angling, though with a line of ever so great a length, with a rod at the end of it, it shall, in the same minute the bait is touched by this eel, seize him or her that holds the rod with a numbness that shall deprive ’em of sense for a while; and some have fallen into the water, and others dropped as dead on the banks of the rivers where they stood, as soon as this fish touches the bait.

      is the eel shocking people?

    19. ’tis there eternal spring, always the very months of April, May, and June; the shades are perpetual, the trees bearing at once all degrees of leaves and fruit, from blooming buds to ripe autumn: groves of oranges, lemons, citrons, figs, nutmegs, and noble aromatics continually bearing their fragrancies. The trees appearing all like nosegays adorned with flowers of different kinds; some are all white, some purple, some scarlet, some blue, some yellow; bearing at the same time ripe fruit, and blooming young, or producing every day new. The very wood of all these trees has an intrinsic value above common timber; for they are, when cut, of different colors, glorious to behold, and bear a price considerable, to inlay withal. Besides this, they yield rich balm and gums; so that we make our candles of such an aromatic substance as does not only give a sufficient light, but, as they burn, they cast their perfumes all about. Cedar is the common firing, and all the houses are built with it.

      She is very descriptive. Some parts of this book read more like a science journal

    20. ’Tis a continent whose vast extent was never yet known, and may contain more noble earth than all the universe beside; for, they say, it reaches from east to west one way as far as China, and another to Peru:

      estimating how large they thought North America was

    21. and that they would delay him till the time of his wife’s delivery, and make a slave of that too

      they would make a slave of the child as well

    22. This new accident made him more impatient of liberty,

      now that Oroonoko's wife was pregnant he wanted to be free

    23. he soon saw Imoinda all over her; in a minute he saw her face, her shape, her air, her modesty, and all that called forth his soul with joy at his eyes, and left his body destitute of almost life: it stood without motion, and for a minute knew not that it had a being; and, I believe, he had never come to himself, so oppressed he was with over-joy, if he had not met with this allay, that he perceived Imoinda fall dead in the hands of Trefry. This awakened him, and he ran to her aid, and caught her in his arms, where by degrees she came to herself; and ’tis needless to tell with what transports, what ecstasies of joy, they both a while beheld each other, without speaking; then snatched each other to their arms; then gazed again, as if they still doubted whether they possessed the blessing they grasped: but when they recovered their speech, ’tis not to be imagined what tender things they expressed to each other; wondering what strange fate had brought them again together.

      The two lovers found each other again!!!

    24. I have been ready to make use of those advantages of strength and force nature has given me:

      SCARY!!! because he was a man and he was larger and stronger he is literally admitting to trying to use that against this woman to rape her

    25. I have been ready to make use of those advantages of strength and force nature has given me: but oh! she disarms me with that modesty and weeping, so tender and so moving that I retire, and thank my stars she overcame me.”

      basically he has tried to have sex with her/ raper her, but she makes him feel so guilty that he hasn't done it

    26. that the breezes would steal kisses from her delicate mouth.

      personification of a breeze

    27. “Farewell, Sir, ’tis worth my sufferings to gain so true a knowledge both of you and of your gods by whom you swear.”

      Oroonoko is throwing more shade at the captain, calling him out for his actions that did not match up with his religion. SO Oroonoko said he learned more about Christian people.

    28. upbraiding him with eyes that forced blushes on his guilty cheeks,

      Oroonokos glare caused the captain to blush because of all his lies

    29. Possessed with a thousand thoughts of past joys with this fair young person, and a thousand griefs for her eternal loss, he endured a tedious voyage

      the rest of the trip was still a challenge when he kept thinking of his lost lover

    30. and entreated him to oblige ’em to eat, and assure ’em of that liberty on the first opportunity

      it is okay to eat because we will be freed soon!

    31. So that being deprived of all other means, he resolved to perish for want of food; and pleased at last with that thought, and toiled and tired by rage and indignation, he laid himself down, and sullenly resolved upon dying, and refused all things that were brought him.

      this is a hunger strike to ruin the Captains plan to sell them as slaves.

    32. so that the captain, who had well laid his design before, gave the word, and seized on all his guests; they clapping great irons suddenly on the prince, when he was leaped down into the hold to view that part of the vessel; and locking him fast down, secured him.

      The captain captured the prince when they were partying together. This captain had tricked him

    33. : but no motives of beauties, though all endeavored it, could engage him in any sort of amour, though he had all the invitations to it, both from his own youth and others’ ambitions and designs.

      was this saying he was uninterested in any new romantic relationships? or were the beauties here actual things instead of people?

    34. languishmen

      a state of weakness or loss of strength

    35. the prince from his amorous slumber, in which he had remained buried for two days, without permitting any sustenance to approach him

      he is so sad that he would not get out of bed for two days

    36. and the continual thoughts of what his lord and grandfather had thought good to send out of the world, with all that youth, that innocence and beauty.

      questioning why his grandfather would see it fit to kill somebody who was to awesome

    37. But as it is the greatest crime in nature amongst ’em to touch a woman after having been possessed by a son, a father, or a brother, so now he looked on Imoinda as a polluted thing, wholly unfit for his embrace;

      The king now compares her to a "polluted thing" because she was no longer pure

    38. believed she should appease the fury of a jealous king, by saying she was surprised, and that it was by force of arms he got into her apartment

      she lies to the king and tells him that Oroonoko took advantage of her

    39. Tis not to be imagined the satisfaction of these two young lovers; nor the vows she made him, that she remained a spotless maid till that night, and that what she did with his grandfather had robbed him of no part of her virgin-honor; the gods, in mercy and justice, having reserved that for her plighted lord, to whom of right it belonged

      Thinking about this period of time it scares me to think about being a women. Imagine your sex life being controlled and given away to a man simply because he finds you attractive and he owns what he wants because he is royalty. This also scares me for women and men today that are in similar positions and do not have a choice :((

    40. But nothing could appease the jealousy of the old lover

      nothing could stop him from being jealous or help him move on

    41. and to find those caresses paid to new beauties, to which once she laid claim

      the affection that was once given to you is now given away to others in front of you.

      I also really like the way she write "caresses paid to new beauties"

    42. certainly, nothing is more afflicting to a decayed beauty than to behold in itself declining charms that were once adored

      it must be so hard and challenging to watch your beauty fade and compare it to what you once were and how valued you were for your beauty

    43. what rage! what wild frenzies seized his heart!


      • he became super angry when he saw the bed the king might have her on
    44. gallantries

      polite attention or respect given by men to women

    45. the raging of his flame

      personification of flame, Behn seems to use flame often to describe big feelings

    46. In this time, the prince, who was returned from hunting, went to visit his Imoinda, but found her gone; and not only so, but heard she had received the royal veil.

      i would also be really upset if my grandfather was going to marry my fiance

    47. After a thousand assurances of his lasting flame, and her eternal empire over him, she condescended to receive him for her husband;

      do you think this is an exaggeration?? also they agreed to marry

    48. such ill morals are only practised in Christian countries, where they prefer the bare name of religion; and, without virtue or morality, think that sufficient

      Ohhhh she's calling out christians here. Basically saying christians are saying something in the name of God, but are not actually practicing the virtues or do not use the morals

    49. the beautiful black Venus to our young Mars

      she was the goddess of love and he was the god of war

    50. e had an extreme good and graceful mien, and all the civility of a well-bred great man. He had nothing of barbarity in his nature, but in all points addressed himself as if his education had been in some European court.

      She thought Oroonoko acted like a well educated Englishman which she was not expecting

    51. Besides, he was adorned with a native beauty, so transcending all those of his gloomy race that he struck an awe and reverence even into those that knew not his quality;

      she basically just said he was so handsome it did not even matter that he was black... racist

    52. but in the water, one would think they were gods of the rivers, or fellow-citizens of the deep; so rare an art they have in swimming, diving, and almost living in water; by which they command the less swift inhabitants of the floods.

      metaphor that describe how gracefully these people hunt

    53. And though they are all thus naked, if one lives forever among ’em there is not to be seen an undecent action, or glance: and being continually used to see one another so unadorned, so like our first parents before the Fall, it seems as if they had no wishes, there being nothing to heighten curiosity; but all you can see, you see at once, and every moment see; and where there is no novelty, there can be no curiosity.

      describing the culture when there is more nakedness

    54. We dealt with ’em with beads of all colors, knives, axes, pins, and needles; which they used only as tools to drill holes with in their ears, noses, and lips, where they hang a great many little things; as long beads, bits of tin, brass or silver beat thin, and any shining trinket. The beads they weave into aprons about a quarter of an ell long, and of the same breadth; working them very prettily in flowers of several colors; which apron they wear just before ’em, as Adam and Eve did the fig-leaves; the men wearing a long stripe of linen, which they deal with us for. They thread these beads also on long cotton threads, and make girdles to tie their aprons to, which come twenty times, or more, about the waist, and then cross, like a shoulder-belt, both ways, and round their necks, arms, and legs. This adornment, with their long black hair, and the face painted in little specks or flowers here and there, makes ’em a wonderful figure to behold.

      imagery- she describes what they are wearing

    55. I was myself an eye-witness to a great part of what you will find here set down; and what I could not be witness of, I received from the mouth of the chief actor in this history, the hero himself, who gave us the whole transactions of his youth

      so this story is somewhat true

    1. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested;

      I like how he compares books to food to get the ideas across about how to read them

    2. for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning by study; and studies themselves do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience.

      This is like having a talent or interest and going to school for a job where you can apply it. Maybe you're really good with animals and enjoy science, going to school to be a vet would be the "pruning" for you.

    3. it is better they should be graced with elegancy, than daubed with cost

      I agree with him here, it is more about the performance, how good they are, and the story they are telling than how much their costumes cost or how extravagant the set is.

    4. Acting in song, especially in dialogues, hath an extreme good grace; I say acting, not dancing, (for that is a mean and vulgar thing;) and the voices of the dialogue would be strong and manly, (a base and a tenor, no treble,) and the ditty high and tragical, not nice or dainty.

      It sounds like he would hate many musicals today

    5. In all negotiations of difficulty, a man may not look to sow and reap at once; but must prepare business, and so ripen it by degrees.

      This is a good metaphor for negotiating or business. You cannot plant a seed and expect to pick the fruit in the same day. Similarly with negotiations you have to work on them with time and with that you can get the best outcome.

    6. by the mediation of a third

      a third person can see things from a different perspective

    7. The people wherewith you plant ought to be gardeners, ploughmen, labourers, smiths, carpenters, joiners, fishermen, fowlers, with some few apothecaries, surgeons, cooks, and bakers.

      This is the group of people you want to have start a plantation or a colony because they have a job that is necessary and they are hard workers

    8. for the principal thing that hath been the destruction of most plantations, hath been the base and hasty drawing of profit in the first years.

      because colonies take a bit of time to build and be productive it would be bad going into it thinking that it will make you rich or be very easy in the beginning.



    10. When the plantation grows to strength, then it is time to plant with women as well as with men; that the plantation may spread into generations,

      once the plantation is more livable, then men and women can live there together having families and making it a community

    11. For government, let it be in the hands of one, assisted with some counsel; and let them have commission to exercise martial laws, with some limitation;

      Martial Laws with limitations reminds me of the U.S.

    12. Atheism leaves a man to sense, to philosophy, to natural piety, to laws, to reputation: all which may be guides to an outward moral virtue, though religion were not; but superstition dismounts all these, and erecteth an absolute monarchy in the minds of men: therefore atheism did never perturb states; for it makes men wary of themselves,

      He is saying that some aspects of atheism are good, but overall the bad outcomes override that and just make men more fearful of themselves

    13. lucre

      money, especially when regarded as sordid or distasteful or gained in a dishonorable way

    14. prelates

      a bishop or other high ecclesiastical dignitary

    15. stratagems

      a plan or scheme

    16. pharisaica

      practicing or advocating strict observance of external forms and ceremonies of religion or conduct without regard to the spirit; self-righteous; hypocritical.

    17. Use the memory of thy predecessor fairly and tenderly;

      use the actions of the person who had your position before you did to guide your actions now that you are there.

    18. For roughness, it is a needless cause of discontent; severity breedeth fear, but roughness breedeth hate

      there is no need to be rough because it will just make you hate others and people hate you

    19. The standing is slippery, and the regress is either a downfall, or at least an eclipse, which is a melancholy thing

      Once you are high enough up in your work standing it is a lot easier to lose everything and it is a harder fall

    20. because their means are less exhaust

      they have more time and money than married men

    21. but the most ordinary cause of a single life is liberty, especially in certain self-pleasing and humorous minds, which are so sensible of every restraint, as they will go near to think heir girdles and garters to be bonds and shackles.

      some people choose to be single because in a way they are free. They do not have a reason to have to stay in one place, they can use their time how they please, spend their money how they want to, ect. They are free to be themselves and do what they want. Heirs or children would be seen as a restraint on this liberty.

      As much as I do not see myself wanting the single life, I get it. Without a spouse or children relying on you or having to compromise on a lot of stuff you are free.

    22. both in affection and means, have married and endowed the public

      instead of marrying a person they 'marry' the public or their worth

    23. lieth

      archaic third-person singular simple present indicative form of lie

    24. Truth may perhaps come to the price of a pearl, that showeth best by day, but it will not rise to the price of a diamond or carbuncle, that showeth best in varied lights.

      I's wondering if he is talking about the acceptance of truth or conversations about it. Like people do not want to accept the truth if it is hard to hear, but if the truth is new, exciting, and does not instill fear they may be more open and accepting.

    25. Certainly, it is heaven upon earth, to have a man’s mind move in charity, rest in providence, and turn upon the poles of truth.

      I think here he is saying that it would be the perfect/ ideal state if people would work or do things for charity, be comforted in life because God brings them peace, and be able to think deeply about truth whether that is philosophy or science.

    26. providence

      the protective care of God or of nature as a spiritual power

    1. Let me turn back, shame cries I ought return

      But it you're too afraid to really fall in love or be in a relationship you may regret it later on

    2. therein danger is; If to the left, suspicion hinders bliss,

      if you really overthink everything in a relationship it can ruin the fun or take the enjoyment out of it

    3. If to the right hand, there in love I burn

      going straight into love may hurt me.

    4. LOVE, a child, is ever crying;

      I'm confused. Is this song actually about a child or is it about a person in love acting like a child. Because there are many things a child relies on an adult for and they still want many things. But as the song continues it makes it sound more like an adult who is acting like a child.

    5. My pain, still smothered in my grieved breast, Seeks for some ease, yet cannot passage find To be discharged of this unwelcome guest;

      This sounds like the feeling of a literal heartache. The physical pain in her chest that cannot seem to be set free.

    6. Go then, my thoughts, and cry

      personification of her thoughts again. Instead of saying that she will cry she is telling her thoughts to go and cry. Not going to lie if i could send my thoughts away to do the crying for me that would be nice sometimes lol.

    7. Yet childlike, we cannot his sports refuse

      we are childishly repeating mistakes and going back again.

    8. Thus shadow they their wicked vile intent, Colouring evil with the mask* of good

      they are covering up their intent or hiding it behind a "mask of good"

    9. For hope deluding brings us to the pride Of our desires the farther down to slide.

      hope is only here to trick us or let us believe that our wants and desires may come true. When we have hope and truly believe then it is a bigger fall or letdown when our desires don't pan out the way we want them to.

    10. 39

      this sonnet uses a lot of references to eyes. Vision, blindness, and watching.

    11. Why should wee not love’s purblind charms resist? Must we be servile, doing what he list?

      Why cant we just say no?! She wants to be able to not worry about love and all of its antics.

    12. Cupid shall lose his darts,* have sight, and see His shame

      Cupid should be forced to look at all of the pain he has caused by making us fall in love. With love there is also pain.

    13. Desire shall quench love’s flames,

      personification of the feeling of desire in a way

    14. Love what art thou? Causeless cursed Yet alas these not the worst, Much more of thee may be said

      After addressing many different types of love in this song already, I think this is more straightforward saying that Love has many ups and downs. Love can be both good and bad in many different ways.

    15. Love what art thou? light, and fair, Fresh as morning clear as th’air,

      Simile about love. Love can also be light and fun and new.

    16. Idle smiles did thee beget While fond wishes made that* net Which so many fools have caught

      some people 'caught' the feelings of love but they are fools

    17. beget

      give rise to; bring about

    18. A vain thought,

      it is useless to think of love, and you must value yourself pretty highly to think about it

    19. vain

      having or showing an excessively high opinion of one's appearance, abilities, or worth

    20. “hauing heard some part of your sorrows, they have not only made me truly pity you, but wonder at you; since if you have lost so great a treasure, you should not lie thus leaving her and your love unrevenged, suffering her murderers to live, while you lie here complaining; and if such perfections be dead in her, why make you not the Phoenix of your deeds live again, as to new life rais’d out of the revenge you should take on them?

      is she being hypocritical here? calling him out for being lazy after the death of his wife and not doing anything to help himself when she was pitying herself as well

    21. As no spring can quench least part of my woe

      i think spring in this context is the season and she is saying not even a joyful season can help her feel better

    22. Blest in the love of those I took for parents ; but now by them I know the con trary, and by that knowledge, not to know myself.

      I think here she is questioning herself because her parents are not who she thought they were because she is an orphan

    23. but care itself had left him:

      personification of care or what we call self care

    24. she fearing nothing, but the continuance of her ignorance, went in;

      she is all by herself but thinks it might be a good idea to just go inside

    25. Doubly resounded by that moanful voice, Which seems to second me in misery,

      the sadness of her own voice just increases the saddness she feels. I think this is similar to looking in the mirror when you're crying and crying harder because you feel bad about yourself crying

    26. To rocks, to hills, to meadows, and to springs,

      repetition of the word pattern and what she was describing

    27. her very soul turn’d into mourning

      I would like to say this is a personification of a soul, but a soul is already part of a person so i think this is just exaggeration. She was very sad and mourning the loss of who she thought she was.

    1. Each arbour, banke, each seate, each stately tree, Lookes bare and desolate now for want of thee; Turning greene tresses into frostie gray, While in cold griefe they wither all away.

      the trees are sad and they miss you... we are sad and we miss you

    2. The trees that were so glorious in our view, Forsooke both flowres and fruit, when once they knew Of your depart, their very leaues did wither, Changing their colours as they grewe together. But when they saw this had no powre to stay you, They often wept, though speechlesse, could not pray you; Letting their teares in your faire bosoms fall, As if they said, Why will ye leaue vs all? This being vaine, they cast their leaues away, Hoping that pitie would haue made you stay:

      but also a lot of personification of trees. i think she is using them as a metaphor for people who have to stay when you leave

    3. Now let me come vnto that stately Tree, Wherein such goodly Prospects you did see; That Oake that did in height his fellowes passe, As much as lofty trees, low growing grasse: Much like a comely Cedar streight and tall, Whose beauteous stature farre exceeded all: How often did you visite this faire tree, Which seeming joyfull in receiuing thee, Would like a Palme tree spread his armes abroad, Desirous that you there should make abode: Whose faire greene leaues much like a comely vaile,

      I don't know why but it always surprises me when they have the same names of different types of trees that we still use today. some parts of biology that stuck

    4. The little Birds in chirping notes did sing, To entetaine both You and that sweet Spring.

      imagery of entertaining singing birds

    5. And where the Muses gaue their full consent

      is this talking about consent between lovers?

    6. Her weakenesse did the Serpents word obay, But you in malice Gods deare Sonne betray.

      Yes, Even fell prey to the serpent, but men betrayed the son of God

    7. The fruit beeing faire perswaded him to fall:

      the fruit looks good so ill take a bite

    8. Although the Serpents craft had her abus’d, Gods holy word ought all his actions frame: For he was Lord and King of al the earth, Before poore Eue had either life or breath.

      so is she saying the serpent had tricked her to pin this whole sin thing on her

    9. vndiscerning Ignorance perceau’d

      undiscerning ignorance perceived

    10. The subtile Serpent that our Sex betraide, Before our fall so sure a plot had laide.

      the serpent/ devil is to blame for the original sin not Eve

    11.  Iesus


    12. Pontius Pilate

      Pontius Pilate, Latin in full Marcus Pontius Pilatus, (died after 36 ce), Roman prefect (governor) of Judaea (26–36 ce) under the emperor Tiberius who presided at the trial of Jesus and gave the order for his crucifixion.

    13. As also in respect it pleased our Lord and Sauiour Iesus Christ, without the assistance of man, beeing free from originall and all other sinnes, from the time of his conception, till the houre of his death

      She was also giving a shout out to Jesus because she believed he was a feminist and he did not sin

    14. Ladies and Gentlewomen

      she actually includes ladies and gentleman not just men

    15. vouchsafe

      reveal or disclose

    16. What garment is so faire but she may weare it; Especially for her that entertaines A Glorious Queene, in whome all woorth remains.

      is the queen wearing really nice garments or is she wearing the light? is this a metaphor for something else??

    17. But that faire Virtue, though in meane attire, All Princes of the world doe most desire.

      dressing up virtues makes them more appealing??

    18. The hopefull hauen of the meaner sort, Its he that all our ioy full tidings brings

      i think "he" is referring to God

    19. of all the world admired,

      everybody was supposed to admire the queen but if everybody actually really liked her too thats good

    1. durst not view heaven yesterday; and today In prayers and flattering speeches I court God: Tomorrow I quake with true fear of his rod.

      his relationship with religions leads me to think that he has a strong admiration, love, and fear of God

    2. ake me to you, imprison me, for I Except you enthrall me, never shall be free, Nor ever chaste,

      i think this is saying he will never refrain from having sex

    3. chaste

      abstaining from extramarital, or from all, sexual intercourse

    4. And poppy, or charms can make us sleep as well,

      i think poppy here is referring to a form of opium or drugs which would make most people really drowsy

    5. Die not, poor death, nor yet canst thou kill me.

      Even death cannot kill my soul. This is a powerful phrase in my opinion .

    6. From death, you numberless infinities Of souls, and to your scattered bodies go,

      is this talking abut the infinities of souls or the infinities of outcomes of death

    7. But our old subtle foe so tempteth me,

      the devil or sins tempt me

    8. Little think’st thou, poor heart, That labourest yet to nestle thee, And think’st by hovering here to get a part In a forbidden or forbidding tree, And hopest her stiffness by long siege to bow, Little think’st thou

      i think this is relating to the flower and its opportunities. It is so small in comparison to other things, and its fate relies in the hands of others many times

    9. Whom I’ve watch’d six or seven days, And seen thy birth, and seen what every hour Gave to thy growth, thee to this height to raise, And now dost laugh and triumph on this bough, Little think’st thou,

      i think it is really intreresting to watch flowers grow because it can make me think deeply. Because they grow so quickly you can watch their entire lifespan and they also hold so much beauty

    10. By this should know my pain, As prisoners then are manacled, when they’re condemn’d to die.


    11. Viceroy

      a ruler exercising authority in a colony on behalf of a sovereign

    12. So must pure lovers’ souls descend

      true love is within the soul not in the earthly body

    13. Small change when we’re to bodies gone.

      take this idea with you going forward... learn from it

    14. As our blood labours to beget Spirits, as like souls as it can ; Because such fingers need to knit That subtle knot, which makes us man ;


    15. And we said nothing, all the day. If any, so by love refined, That he soul’s language understood, And by good love were grown all mind, Within convenient distance stood,

      not saying anything was perhaps better in this situation

    16. The violet’s reclining head,

      personification of the violet

    17. AS virtuous men pass mildly away, And whisper to their souls to go, Whilst some of their sad friends do say, “Now his breath goes,” and some say, “No.”

      when honorable men are dying they often are at peace with their own death, but the people that love them can make it harder when they are begging them not to die... even if it is out of love

    18. Gladder to catch thee, than thou him

      is he saying he is gladder to have caught the fish than the fish is to be caught?

    19. Of golden sands, and crystal brooks, With silken lines and silver hooks.

      rhyming of books and hooks and imagery

    20. sepulchral

      relating to a tomb or interment

    21. coarse bold hands

      very descriptive with lots of imagery

    22. treacherously

      guilty of or involving betrayal or deception

    23. amorously

      having strong feelings

    24. live bath

      is the live bath a river or a lake

    25. But I am none ; nor will my sun renew.

      with time i wont get it back

    26. To fetch new lust, and give it you,

      Personification of lust- to get new lust/ the feeling of it, and lust for that person