636 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2015
    1. Bob’s deliv­ery of his given script, despite his reg­u­lar lapses into blood-curdling screams and ago­niz­ing groans, is so sim­i­lar to his own “real” con­ver­sa­tion, it is often hard to tell where one ends and the other begins.

      This guy sounds pretty funny

    2. cap­i­tal­iz­ing on the deaths of the accused and iron­i­cally rein­scrib­ing dev­il­ish afflic­tion back onto the his­tory of Salem, a his­tory that had been wiped clean of actual witch­craft by the cen­turies of cura­tive accounts of the type first launched by Robert Calef. But in some ways, the haunted houses sim­ply make explicit many of the tech­niques used by more “edu­ca­tional” sites to attract tourists and cap­i­tal­ize on Salem’s past.

      There is a moral dilemma on capitalizing off of history and tragedy. However, don't all museums do that no matter how "entertaining" they are?

    3. attempts to strip away any lay­ers of enter­tain­ment sur­round­ing Salem’s witch­craft past, there are also sites in Salem that strip away all edu­ca­tional impulse

      there is the interesting continuum

    4. Hella and her friends in the Vil­lage were designed to thrill and scare tourists; one month a year, that’s just what they do. But the rest of the year, with very lit­tle alter­ation to the site, the Vil­lage claims to be an edu­ca­tional expe­ri­ence.

      Wow! What a disjunction.

    5. gift shop

      I keep thinking about how education/ mysticism relate to education/ capitalism. There is always that capitalist, money-making piece related to the pomp and mythology. The museums and tourist attractions make money by wrapping information in a scary package.

    6. didac­ti­cism

      "philosophy that emphasizes instructional and informative qualities in literature and other types of art"

    7. Thus, the gothic “revival” revives Salem’s mythic past — caught up as it is with tales of witches, vam­pires, and hor­ror — and not its his­tor­i­cal past

      gothic architecture was a medieval thing. they weren't even trying to recreate puritan architecture

    8. As opposed to being the actual cells, these repro­duced cells can only claim authen­tic­ity by way of copy­ing or com­par­ing; they gain their authen­tic­ity pre­cisely because they are like the orig­i­nals but not the orig­i­nals

      Just like the whole of the dungeon.

    9. Dun­geon takes even its most “orig­i­nal” object and places it securely into the land­scape of its own performance

      This is pretty weird to me. But it's also a pretty common practice for tourist sights to spook-itize original furniture or structures for the purpose of drama.

    10. the Salem tourist indus­try func­tions to con­struct alter­na­tive “orig­i­nals” that usurp the pri­mary source posi­tions and add cred­i­bil­ity to the deriv­a­tive tourist attrac­tions

      By taking away primary source documents, others have tried to reconstruct history. Is this them harmful to history in some way?

    11. part of a rep­re­sen­ta­tion of the past         rather than as the past itself.

      This is crazy interesting

    12. The library seems to imply that their hold­ings will be pro­tected more by assur­ing that they are viewed by the appro­pri­ate peo­ple than by leg­is­lat­ing con­tact pre­cau­tions that would be taken by all patrons.


    13. encour­age schol­arly research inter­ests

      Interesting that to them, witch tourism can't possibly be scholarly

    14. The items were prob­a­bly less than two feet from the desk atten­dant. The museum seems inten­tion­ally and actively to try to erase this col­lec­tion from the pub­lic view, even when the col­lec­tion itself is fully exposed

      It's like a spooky conspiracy

    15. tourism sup­planted all indus­trial, mer­can­tile, and fish­ing busi­nesses as Salem’s num­ber one money-maker

      reminds me of all of new hampshire

    16. natives

      which tribe?

    17. On the one hand, edu­ca­tional and high art muse­ums and sites bat­tle to de-emphasize Salem’s witch past, which gets marked as enter­tain­ing, tacky, and triv­ial. At the same time, how­ever, the city is witch crazy; tourists are obsessed with witches, the Wic­can com­mu­nity is thriv­ing, and witchcraft-related attrac­tions con­tinue to draw the great­est crowds in Salem

      A city at odds with itself

    18. “Hang her!” one man shouted from the audi­ence at the end of the show.

      It's like a social experiement.

    19. not only the past, but also the very means by which we access — or rein­vent — this past

      We complicate the past by performing and interacting with it. Woah, mind blown.

    20. “alive,”

      Profuse use of quotes here. But we say this like history is somehow dead

    21. dynamic sys­tem in which “facts” are cre­ated by the inter­ac­tion between site, viewer, and a neb­u­lous char­ac­ter called “the past.”

      performing the past + past/present interaction = complication of the past

    22. actions and words of per­form­ers

      Performance of history and the clash of the modern with the past

    1. But cutting off the Scalps of the Ten Wretches

      Was scalping them entirely necessary, Hannah?

    2. he thought she was not Forbidden by any Law to take away the Life of the Murderers,

      Her consideration for the law is interesting

    3. She heartened the Nurse, and the Youth, to assist her in this En- terprize; and all furnishing themselves with Hatchets for the purpose, they struck such Home Blows, upon the Heads of their Sleeping Oppressors

      Wow. That's one way to take care of them

    4. they dash'd out the Brains of the Infant

      That is brutal

    5. he arrived safe with them all

      he was able to save the children

    6. Hannah Dustan

      I've always seen it spelled "Dustin"

    7. Salvages

      This again!

    1. “It is good for me that I have been afflicted.”

      She's glad that it happened

    2. One hour I have been in health, and wealthy, wanting nothing. But the next hour in sickness and wounds, and death, having nothing but sorrow and affliction.

      Seems she has a new outlook on life, as one would say.

    3. squaw

      I realized I haven't looked this up until now. It means woman

    4. My sister’s son was redeemed for four pounds

      Little messed up they have to buy them back but at least they're not dead

    5. it

      interesting to refer to a child as "it"

    6. I was not before so much hemmed in with the merciless and cruel heathen, but now as much with pitiful, tender-hearted and compassionate Christians.

      This dichotomy!

    7. So I took my leave of them, and in coming along my heart melted into tears, more than all the while I was with them, and I was almost swallowed up with the thoughts that ever I should go home again. About the sun going down, Mr. Hoar, and myself, and the two Indians came to Lancaster,

      so did she end up going with the two indians and sneaking away?

    8. He preserved Daniel in the lion’s den; or the three children in the fiery furnace. I may well say as his Psalm 107.12 “Oh give thanks unto the Lord for he is good, for his mercy endureth for ever.” Let the redeemed of the Lord say so, whom He hath redeemed from the hand of the enemy,

      Again, I'm just reminded of a sermon

  2. Sep 2015
    1. Hearing that my son was come to this place

      Does anyone else find it weird that her son can come and go like this?

    2. which I did, for which he gave me a shilling

      but it's interesting that they pay her

    3. make a shirt for his boy

      So far she has been useful in making them clothes

    4. sucking a stinking tobacco-pipe.

      unrelated but reminds me of my mother

    5. And here I may take occasion to mention one principal ground of my setting forth these lines: even as the psalmist says, to declare the works of the Lord, and His wonderful power in carrying us along, preserving us in the wilderness, while under the enemy’s hand, and returning of us in safety again. And His goodness in bringing to my hand so many comfortable and suitable scriptures in my distress.

      Here she explains why she has included the scriptures in her retelling of her story.

    1. God did not give them courage or activity to go over after us. We were not ready for so great a mercy as victory and deliverance.

      God is in everything, good or bad.

    2. “When thou passeth through the waters I will be with thee, and through the rivers they shall not overflow thee” (Isaiah 43.2).

      The subtle integration of scripture reminds me of a sermon.

    3. bier

      "a movable frame on which a coffin or a corpse is placed before burial or cremation or on which it is carried to the grave."

    1. I was glad of it, and asked him, whether he thought the Indians would let me read? He answered, yes.

      Interesting. They don't mind her reading and practicing her religion.

    2. emembered how careless I had been of God’s holy time; how many Sabbaths I had lost and misspent, and how evilly I had walked in God’s sight; which lay so close unto my spirit

      I'm not close to your God, Mary, but I think he'll understand

    3. Wenimesset

      Irowlandson's removes

    1. God

      Is she a Puritan?

    2. wound

      do we know what part of her is wounded? Also, why does she still have this child?

    3. Lord renewed my strength

      Strength in God

    4. inhumane creatures

      The English don't have a good opinion of the Indians anyway. This fact must be exacerbated by the fact that they are her captors.

    1. Mary Rowlandson
    2. those black creatures in the night, which made the place a lively resemblance of hell. And as miserable was the waste that was there made of horses, cattle, sheep, swine, calves, lambs, roasting pigs, and fowl (which they had plundered in the town), some roasting, some lying and burning, and some boiling to feed our merciless enemies

      The grotesque, evil imagery is pretty intriguing

    1. England until the ordinary time for shipping to set forth for these parts, and then returned

      Nothing happened to him in England. He just went on with his life.

    2. so full of humanity are these infidels before those Christians

      Wow. I think this is really important. The "infidels," the Indians, are full of more humanity than the Puritans. It reminds me of the quote earlier in the paragraph that said that the Puritans "had learned to work all to their own ends, and make a great show of Religion, but no humanity"

    3. set mine Host upon an Island

      So they just left him on an Island...

    4. A conclusion was made and sentence given that mine Host should be sent to England a prisoner.

      So, Morton is talking about himself in the third person. I wonder why? It's certainly not for the same reasons that Bradford did...

    5. the enchanted Castle

      All right, Morton, you drama queen.

    6. worthies

      I wonder what Morton means by "worthies" in this context.

    7. Trojans

      he's so dramatic

    8. And because they answered they would not tell him

      It seems so childish: Morton: "Who told you we were doing bad things?" Puritans: "We're not telling!"

    9. and they charged him, (because they would seem to have some reasonable cause against him to set a gloss upon their malice,) with criminal things

      When Morton says "him" does he mean himself?

    10. conspired together against mine host especially, (who was the owner of that Plantation) and made up a party against him

      The Puritan gang mounts up against Marymount!

    11. This harmeles mirth made by younge men, (that lived in hope to have wifes brought over to them, that would save them a labour to make a voyage to fetch any over,) was much distasted of the precise Separatists…

      Ok, so, Morton is saying that they were Christians having some fun and the Puritans couldn't handle that.

    12. What I got out of this section (which was pretty hard so I might be wrong) is that Morton's settlement is Christian but apparently not enough for the Puritans.

    13. Plimmoth

      Our good ol Plymouth Puritans

    14. A bifket cake given to one, that one breakes it equally into fo many parts

      Indians share their possessions

    15. many commodities of our Nation, yet they keepe but fewe, and thofe of fpeciall ufe

      Indians don't have many possessions?

    16. Englishman ; and then he would be a good man.

      Good/ Evil; European/ Indian dichotomy.

    17. And they are persuaded that Kytan is he that makes corn grow, trees grow, and all manner of fruits.

      Their god?

    18. let in the sea upon them, and drowned the greater part of them

      Noah's ark? Is this his explanation for why the Indians and Europeans were separated?

    19. salvages

      salvage: the act of rescuing something, usually cargo from a shipwreck. HUH!

    20. as Sir William Alexander has well observed
    1. This mean and unrefinéd ore of mine Will make your glistening gold but more to shine.

      Ore= unrefined, poetry isn't as good as gold

      But there's also worth in ore

    2. Let poets and historians

      Isn't she a poet?

    3. And oh, ye high flownquills that soar the skies, And ever with your prey still catch your praise

      I find it interesting that Bradstreet is Puritan. Her poetry is full of imagery and emotion, unlike Puritan speech.

    4. Anne Bradstreet
    1. Horrible [249] it is to mention, but ye truth of ye historie requires it.
      • Puritan way of speaking in an objective sort of way
      • Bradford takes his job as a historian very seriously, even if the events that took place goes against his Puritan faith
    2. Satane hath more power in these heathen lands, as som have thought, then in more Christian nations,

      THIS IS SO INTERESTING. I feel like I could spend a long time on this part. So, Bradford blames the fact that leaders don't have control over their people's morality by saying that they have been corrupted by "heathen lands." But he goes so far as to say that God doesn't have as much power over these heathen lands. Bradford is in difficult territory: isn't God supposed to be all powerful?

    3. odomie and bugerie,

      Those Puritans and their (gay?) butt sex

    1. Rock christ Jesus

      She always returns to God as her foundation.

    2. They have the same God, the same Christ, the same word; they only interprett it one way, wee another. This hath sometimes stuck with me, and more it would,

      She expresses a lot of doubt in her religion.

    3. Have I not found that operation by it that no humane Invention can work upon the Soul?

      I feel like I could do something with this sentence and that poem about Spirit/ Flesh

    4. concerning the verity of the Scriptures,

      Internal struggle

    5. I have not found that constant Joy in my Pilgrim age

      Isn't fulfilled with being a Pilgrim?

    6. It pleased God

      Everything is controlled by God. Sickness, marriage, childbearing.

    7. condition

      Condition + carnality... was she being lustful or what?

    8. carnall

      "Carnal:" of the flesh. Thanks, Christian upbringing.

    9. I could not be at rest till by prayer I had confest it unto God. I was also troubled at the neglect of Private Dutyes, tho: too often tardy that way. I also found much comfort in reading the Scriptures, especially those places I thought most concerned my Condition, and as I grew to have more understanding, so the more solace I took in them.

      She was a very pious child.

    10. Glory of God

      This is the first real reference to God that we receive from Bradstreet.

    1. Here sleeps T H E Queen, this is the royal bed O' th' Damask Rose, sprung from the white and red, Whose sweet perfume fills the all-filling air, This Rose is withered, once so lovely fair: On neither tree did grow such Rose before, The greater was our gain, our loss the more.

      The first epitaph was so different from the second. I was about to be angry at Bradstreet until I saw the second because this one compares the Queen to a rose. After all that about her power and fairness, a ROSE?? But it's ok because then we get pattern of kings" "blaze" "unparallel'd Prince" etc. in the second one

    2. She rack't, she sack'd, she sunk his Armadoe

      she got shit done. I like seeing the Queen through Bradstreet's eyes.

    3. Spain

      See some Spanish rivalry here. Damn those Catholics!

    4. great Queen

      It's weird that she would praise the Queen so much as a Puritan. Even though Queen Liz put everyone into line with Protestantism, Puritans didn't love the royals, right?

    1. Earth hath enough of what you will. Then let not go what thou maist find For things unknown only in mind."

      I find it so interesting that Bradstreet is a Puritan and yet she writes this poem about Flesh/ Spirit and Spirit never gets to talk.

    2. The Flesh and the Spirit

      Finally some Puritan references?

    3. sisters

      lots of women in her poetry

    1. I wash'd thy face, but more defects I saw, And rubbing off a spot, still made a flaw.

      The process of trying to make writing better but only making more flaws

    2. My rambling brat (in print) should mother call.

      Referring to her book like it's a deviant child... super interesting to look at her role of an author/ mother being demonstrated here.

    1. hey gave the prays therof to God, who had wrought so wonderfuly for them, thus to inclose their enimise in their hands, and give them so speedy a victory over so proud & insulting an enimie…

      Now THIS is disturbing.

    2. were stranegers and begane to overspred their countrie,

      Yeah...about that. It will only get worse.

    1. Morton they brought away to Plimoth, wher he was kepte, till a ship went from ye Ile of Shols for England, with which he was sente to ye Counsell of New-England

      He wasn't harmed but incarcerated in Plymouth. Then he was sent back to England.

    2. They som̅aned him to yeeld, but he kept his house, and they could gett nothing but scofes & scorns from him; but at length, fearing they would doe some violence to ye house, he and some of his crue came out, but not to yeeld, but to shoote

      Is this the first documented violence between settlements?

    3. take him by force

      It's about to go down

    4. joyntly to write to him, and in a freindly & neigborly

      Letter of complaint

    5. suppress Morton & his consortes before yey grewe to further head and strength.

      "Suppress" him before he got too strong. Morton seems to be their enemy.

    6. before their collonies in these parts be over throwne by these barbarous savages, thus armed with their owne weapons, by these evill instruments, and traytors to their neigbors and cuntrie

      So, Bradford/ Puritans are mad at Morton for practicing pagan rituals, merrymaking/ lusting, and teaching Native Americans how to use European weapons. That's what I have gathered from this passage so far. (I think this one has been the hardest to read)

    7. or others, changed ye name of their place againe, and called it Mounte-Dagon.

      I was pretty confused by this whole thing. This helped a lot: https://almostchosenpeople.wordpress.com/2011/05/01/thomas-morton-of-merrymount/

    1. This had very good success; for it made all hands very industrious, so as much more corne was planted then other waise would have bene by any means ye Govr or any other could use

      Private property and subsistence farming proved to be a success; it was a continued practice in the colonies.

    1. civill body politick

      "Civil body politic." I know we usually view the Mayflower Compact as a framework for American democracy and government. Is this the actual Mayflower Compact? I can certainly see how it can be considered "democratic" as it was an agreement between all people to adhere to certain principles for the good of all.

    2. a voyage to plant ye first colonie in ye Northerne parts of Virginia

      "A voyage to plant the first colony in the Northern parts of Virginia."

      First, they are in Mass. right now (if they are in Cape Cod). Did they have plans to travel to Virginia when the weather was good? In addition, I think it's interesting that I was incorrectly taught that this was the first colony period. It wasn't. Even this document says that it isn't. Right? Am I reading this incorrectly?

    3. ye first foundation of their govermente in this place; occasioned partly by ye discontented & mutinous speeches that some of the strangers amongst them had let fall from them in ye ship—That when they came a shore they would use their owne libertie; for none had power to com̅and them,

      Bradford and others wanted to set up a type of rough government that would keep the people in check. They had already experienced mutinous people who questioned the authority of the leaders on the Mayflower. They needed a safe-guard to make sure there were standards.

    1. brethren at Leyden

      Is this another colony? If so, why are we always taught that William Bradford's landing is the first...

    2. hey had now no freinds to wellcome them, nor inns to entertaine or refresh their weatherbeaten bodys, no houses or much less townes to repaire too, to seeke for succoure.

      They were very, very unprepared.

    3. God

      Puritan God (NOT CATHOLIC)

    4. Cape Cod

      Where did the name come from?

    5. they

      Why is Bradford writing in such a distant voice if he was there? He was there, right?

    6. hey thus lay at hull

      I'm not great with ship language. Hull= A hull is the watertight body of a ship or boat.

      They were all hiding in the hull pretty much

    7. just hand of God upon him.

      Bradford mentions God about as much as the Spanish conquistados

    8. Cape Cod

      Cape Cod Map

    1. I must begine at ye very roote & rise of ye same. The which I shall endevor to manefest in a plaine stile, with singuler regard unto ye simple trueth in all things, at least as near as my slender judgmente can attaine the same.

      I think he's just saying that he's going to write, starting from the beginning, and that he hopes to do it simply and truthfully according to his own experiences.

    1. wanted all the young girls to be brought to him when they were about thirteen or fourteen years old. They had to live with the priest. He told the people they would become better women if they lived with him for about three years.

      Funny how our last author failed to mention this sort of thing

    2. Now during this time the men would go out pretending they were going on a hunting trip and they would go to some hiding place, to make their prayer offerings.

      Again, so important to get the Indian perspective because we see the fear and secrecy to practice the religion they wanted to practice.

    3. He called it idol worship and burned up all the ceremonial things in the plaza.

      Ugh. To destroy a religion is to destroy a culture.

    4. slaves

      I'm glad we are reading both documents. Before I was confused as to why some natives were converted. Now I feel as though they were scared into conversion. (Although it would be interesting to read a document from the converted Indians).

    5. Shung-opovi, passing Walpi

      One of the first documents where the names used are the Native American names. (Which makes sense because the other documents were written by Europeans. Still, I'm excited).


      "Built a mission" In this case, does mission mean "a ministry commissioned by a religious organization to propagate its faith or carry on humanitarian work"

      Kinda like missionary

    1. What grieved us most were the dreadful flames from the church and the scoffing and ridicule which the wretched and miserable Indian rebels made of the sacred things

      Yeah right. What grieved you most was that you were scared shitless.

    2. above all we suffered from thirst, as we were already oppressed by it

      Really a smart strategy

    3. Francisco

      so many Francisos

    4. spoke

      I wonder if, at this point, they're both speaking Spanish (or a pidgin, thanks Lang & Ling).

    5. to the effect that he and the rest of his followers were Catholic Christians, asking how they expected to live without the religious; and said that even though they had committed so many atrocities, still there was a remedy, for if they would return to obedience to his Majesty they would be pardoned;

      So... you're talking to a numerous amount of angry Indians... telling them that their atrocities can be absolved. This guy has a death wish.

      Also, why would they be Catholic if they are revolting?

    6. two banners

      This brings me back to our discussion about the Spanish being able to claim land with a flag and some words. It seems like a role reversal: reclaiming the land with a banner (and war cries)

    7. fourteen or fifteen soldiers, along with all the families of the inhabitants of that valley,

      I wonder what the Spanish death count was. Not even a tiny fraction of the native death count as a result of colonization though.

    8. estancias

      Not sure if this is right but... "Spanish term describing private landholdings. In some areas these were large rural complexes with similarities to what in the United States is called a ranch"

    9. on the road the certain notice of the deaths of the religious who were in that convent, and of the alcalde mayor, some other guards, and six more Spaniards whom they captured on that road

      This reminds me of the lack of preparation that the British experienced when they went to war with the American colonists. Europeans were used to a different types of warfare. Neat, organized, where people waited their turn to get killed. However, the land of south/ central/ north america allowed for guerrilla warfare. Hide and seek killing. Ok, rant over. It's no wonder the Spanish were so unprepared.

    10. Spaniards and natives

      So Spaniards and natives are living in relative harmony in one place? Hm

    11. miserable kingdom

      When he says this, does he speak of the Indian's kingdom?

    12. plot for a general uprising of the Christian Indians

      This reminds me of some of the plot of Things Fall Apart. Even though that one took place in Africa, their are similar conflicts that follow colonization

    13. His divine Majesty having thus permitted it because of my grievous sins.

      These Spanish people...always so much God and divinity and sins.

    1. rest to the Christians

      Other Christians? Or still talking about his men? Has de Vaca completely separated himself from the Christian identity at this point?

    1. without daring to have houses or till the earth for fear of Christians. The sight was one of infinite pain to us

      I find this ironic. de Vaca and his men aren't any better than these Christians. They still warred with the Indians, took their people from them, etc.

    1. When they dispute and quarrel in their towns, they strike each other with the fists, fighting until ex- hausted, and then separate.

      Seems like this acts as a sort of justice system.

    1. Christians

      I find it interesting that his men aren't the "Europeans" or the "Spaniards" or even "the white men." They are "the Christians."

    1. There we made fire, parched some of the maize we brought, and found rain water.

      The first time we can really see them living off the land like they should have been this whole time.

    1. not a single one who went, having a know- ledge of navigation.

      Did the navigators die?

    2. In the boat of the Governor went forty-nine men ; in another,

      Where did these boats come from? I thought they were shipwrecked. Did they actually succeed in building boats?

    3. the greater part being ill, and those were few who could be on duty

      I wonder how much damage the Floridian environment did.

    1. considering the power and skill with which the Indians are able to project them.

      Finally the Indians are getting some respect. Too bad it is because their weapons proved to be efficient.

    2. for when we wished to fight them they retired immedi- ately into the lake, whence they continued to wound our men and beasts.

      Guerrilla warfare.

    3. On reaching the middle of it we were attacked by many Indians from behind trees,

      From what we read, Columbus wasn't attacked by natives (especially on his first voyage). We can see by de Vaca's account that natives are a lot more violent toward Europeans. Was this due to word of mouth? It being a more hostile area?

    4. king for their women and children, whom we re- leased ; but the detention of a cacique by the Governor produced great excitement, in consequence of which they returned for battle early the next day,

      The seemed to have wasted no time in burning all their possible bridges with the natives

    1. for some persons difficult to believe, nevertheless they may without hesitation credit me as strictly faithful

      This sounds a little shifty.

    1. as I have said, from this country being the most elevated in the world and the nearest to the sky

      Ok, I get it. Columbus saw how hot it was/ how black the "natives" were and came to the conclusion that this area of the world is closer to the sun. For someone without an understanding of the universe and how the sun works, I suppose it is a logical conclusion. (There are still people who think that seasons happen when one part of the earth is closer to the sun).

    2. Ptolemy and the others who have written on the globe had no information respecting this part of the world, which was then unexplored

      Yeah all Ptolemy used was math, bah. What an uninformed idiot.

    3. I have now seen so much irregularity

      How did he even come to this conclusion? What experiences/ observations did he make? Can I hate Columbus even more than I already do?

    1. diversity

      If only he could describe and appreciate the diversity of the people as well.

    2. I named it Isabela

      Renaming: claiming places for their own, erasing the native american culture

    3. I endeavored to purchase it of them in order to ascertain what sort of money it was but they refused to part with it

      So much cultural insensitivity. It's probably an honor/ sign of authority you european ass

    4. Indians

      Is this the first mention of "indians?"

    5. more decent, the women wearing a slight covering of cotton over the nudities.

      Their definition of decency is interesting. Those who wear clothes and barter responsibly are decent.

    6. I set sail in that direction

      Columbus' First Voyage

    7. as your Highnesses will see by those seven which I have ordered to be taken and carried to Spain in order to learn our language and return, unless your Highnesses should choose to have them all transported to Castile, or held captive in the island

      Talks about them like cattle. Or vegetables.

    8. Come and see the men who have come from heavens. Bring them victuals and drink.

      So they are saying all this with hand signals, right? I wonder how much was lost in translation.

    9. This traffic I forbade, and suffered no one to take their cotton from them

      This is interesting (I wonder how true it is), I wonder how true all of this is. Were the first interactions between Native Americans and Europeans this calm>

    10. I was very attentive to them, and strove to learn if they had any gold

      "Attentive" is interesting here. He wasn't attentive to their culture, religion, or anything about them. He was attentive to find and steal any riches they may have.

    11. ingenious, and would be good servants

      The blatant disregard for them as HUMANS is pretty astounding to me. He waltzed in, saw bodies, and decided that they would be great assets.

    12. signs

      Communicating with hand signs.

    13. Presently they descried people, naked

      Pretty interesting that these are the first recorded (European) words about Native Americans. Right?

    14. representing the profits they were about to acquire

      The mass genocide they were about to commit?

    15. 1 October

      Been about 2 months at this point. No thanks.

    16. gave five hundred and eighty-four, but the true one which he kept to himself was seven hundred and seven leagues.

      So the Admiral is telling the crew that they've sailed less than they actually have to....make them feel better? I feel like knowing a larger number for how long they've been out at sea is more comforting. Also, was this normal practice?

    17. “the rising of the sea was very favorable to me, as it happened formerly to Moses when he led the Jews from Egypt.

      After such a Christian-laden beginning, I think this is the first mention of anything god since then. Columbus was surprisingly objective after such rhetoric.

    18. “where I hope that high God in whose hand is all victory will speedily direct us to land.”

      At first, I was confused as to why they were all so terrified/ on edge/etc. then I realized that they had been sailing for over a month at this point.

    19. Admiral

      What was Columbus' official title on the ship?

    20. 1492

      Columbus sailed the ocean blue

    21. Your Highnesses, as Catholic Christians, and princes who love and promote the holy Christian faith, and are enemies of the doctrine of Mahomet, and of all idolatry and heresy

      There is religion literally every word Columbus says. For some reason, I have never heard him associated with so much Christianity. Interesting how religion is left out of history a lot.

    1. He sent for Glooskap, who replied, “I do not want to see your king. I came to this country to have my mother baptized as a Catholic.”

      How interesting. This story of first contact shows the Native Americans taking control (discovering England, choosing to be baptized). The reality was a lot more violent, it seems.

    2. “Whenever you wish to kill anything, though it were half a mile off, point this stick at it.” She pointed it at the deer; it fell dead.

      This part sounds surprisingly similar to the story about the child with the stone eyebrows. It's interesting to see the different influences upon the various stories.

    1. The assembly then began to devise and name various diseases, one after another, and had not their invention finally failed them not one of the human race would have been able to survive

      Animals made disease for population control and revenge.

    2. votes

      I think the voting process of each of these tribes showcases the decision-making culture of this particular tribe.

    3. Thus it is that snake and fish dreams are accounted for.

      Why are the deer and fish able to do all these things but the bear struggled so much with going to war with the humans?

    1. We can also trace some ideas of the mystery of the Incarnation of the Son of God in the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary, mixed with fables, superstitions, and pagan errors.

      I wonder how true this is. Are they Christian influences or simply aspects that can be found in most religions?

    2. It will be seen that this feeble, impotent conclusion utterly spoils the manifest meaning of the whole legend.

      Or, instead of spoiling the meaning, it creates an entirely different meaning. "It would be expected to have different meanings to the various categories of listeners; it might be described as instructive, as entertaining, as re-enforcing, or as all three" (Dorris 150).

    3. Nothing is so contemptible in Indian eyes as a want of dignity and idle, loquacious teasing; therefore it is made in the myth the sin which destroyed their race.

      What does this mean? Native Americans are blaming their fall on a mythical sin instead of what?

    4. And since that day the Indians, who should have been great, have become a little people.

      Reasoning for the Native American's fall (although I would attribute that to genocide)

    5. Ye

      Why the sudden middle English

    1. followers of this medicine

      Is the medicine god or was the medicine sent by god?

    2. Winnebago
    3. To God living up above, our Father,

      Christian God? Or other? I feel like the more I learn about this religion, the more questions I have a bout it.

    4. younger members who have been strongly permeated with Christian teachings

      To me, this indicates some sort of transformation from "old" Peyote (strictly Native American without any European influences) to new Peyote with Christian practices infused with it. I wonder what most Christians would feel about this? How did this infusion happen?

    5. baptism

      Another Christian influence

    6. parts of the Bible

      Peyote is a cult and yet they used the Bible.

    1. may well be among the first manifestations of a new era in Native American literary expression

      Because the native Americans are depicted like people rather than caricatures

    2. It may misleadingly appear, like much oral literature when transcribed, simple and straightforward; the non-Kiowa reader who approaches this work in isolation will, unfortunately, miss much of its depth and hence most if its real beauty and signifi- cance.

      Simply translating the words results in the loss of other significant aspects of the literature.

    3. Abel is not "every Indian"-or maybe even "anylndian."

      Just like a single American author doesn't represent every American or any Indian. Sort of sad that this has to be said.