- Feb 2019
Which of the following is one of Howard Gardner's Intelligence Theories: A.) Athletic Intelligence B.) Quick Intelligence C.) Smart Intelligence D.) Spatial Intelligence
Give an example of using practical intelligence in your own life.
Answer: One time while traveling in Thailand with my family, my dad and I were out walking one day looking to get breakfast. As we walked along the street two sparsely dressed women appeared outside a massage parlor. Across the street they motioned for us to come inside while at the same time yelling cheap. Knowing we were in a tourist area, and that we also didn't look like the locals we demonstrated common sense and street smarts by not going into the "message parlor" filled with sparsely dressed women to get breakfast.
Creative intelligence is marked by inventing or imagining a solution to a problem or situation.
Give an example demonstrating a display of creative intelligence in your own life.
Answer: In my fraternity house it became an issue that there was nowhere to sit during meals because all the chairs would get moved elsewhere throughout the house and would not get put back. To solve this issue we created large benches, like ones you would see in a middle school cafeteria. This worked because since the benches were so big there were no practical uses for them other than staying in the kitchen.
how it can be measured.
Intelligence has one distinct way it can be measured. True or false?
False. Although recent technological advances have made it easier to quantify intelligence, there is still not a clear measurement of intelligence for a variety of reasons. It is also known that multiple things contribute to someone's intelligence so measuring it with a single unit would be challenging.
least eight intelligences
What are Howard Gardner's eight theories of intelligence? Briefly explain one of them.
Answer: Linguistic Intelligence, Logical Mathematical Intelligence, Musical Intelligence, Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence, Spatial Intelligence, Interpersonal Intelligence, Intrapersonal Intelligence, Naturalist Intelligence.
Musical Intelligence: Someone who understands and appreciates rhythm, pitch and tone. Person who displays musical intelligence may play multiple instruments or perform as a vocalist.
A form of practical intelligence at Washington State University might show itself at a social function on the weekend. Say you are at your house and you notice one of your friends is stumbling and not speaking clearly. You sit them down and have the option to hand them two beverages; one beverage is a light beer, the other is a glass of water. A person that shows practical intelligence also known as street smarts or common sense would choose the glass of water, having realized their friend is probably too drunk. A person lacking practical intelligence would hand them the light beer, this would lead to a worse situation for your friend and in turn yourself, because then you would have to take care of your friend in an even worse shape then they were when you first saw them.
An example of analytical intelligence that is measured at Washington State University is done through the use of exams. Depending on the type of exam you are faced with you may have to compute numbers, either by plugging number into an equation or doing the proper order of operations on a set of numbers. Other exams might have you problem solving with a theoretical scenario, such as one that you might face in ethics. Say you are faced with a multiple choice question with four options of which only one is correct. You have no idea what the answer to the question is after reading it. You then realize that two of the options are basically saying the same thing, therefore neither can be the answer. You then move on to the next answer, you realize this answer has nothing to do with the problem. You have now established the only answer that even has a possibility of being correct. This example is analytical intelligence.
Although creativity is often associated with the arts, it is actually a vital form of intelligence that drives people in many disciplines to discover something new.
Discipline can look very different depending on if someone enjoys what they are doing. Someone who really enjoys baseball might not mind spending hours practicing their swing. In turn, they really care about what they are doing and take the extra care to make sure they are not simply "going through the motions". This is discipline. Someone who doesn't like baseball could spend the same amount of time practicing, but if they are carelessly swinging without proper mechanics, there is a lack of discipline. This idea is important with creativity and how it develops. According to recent research the environment in which people are believed to be most creative is when they are doing something in which they enjoy but at that same time it still challenges them (Hennessey and Amabile, 2010). Going back to our baseball example creativity might look like a dedicated player developing a new way to swing that has more power because he uses the fundamentals in a different way than before.
This resource gives an overview of what creativity entails. The video tells about the importance of coming up with creative ideas but also combining creative ideas. It also explains how becoming an expert in a certain area leads to more creative ideas because you know the innerworkings behind them.
Think about your own family’s culture.
The Culture in the United States is innovation and improving what already exists. If you can do these two things you are deemed intelligent. This is shown in a study done that compared state IQ and utility patents. According to the study "high-IQ" states have more utility patents when compared with states that score a lower average IQ tests (Squalli and Wilson, 2014). Although this may be a good thing in the united states it would not matter much if in a different culture there was no such thing as patents. If there were no patents trying to create them would not be valuable.
Multiple Intelligences Theory
This video will help explain Howard Gardner's multiple intelligence theory. The video walks through each of the eight intelligences and provides examples as well as visuals for each one.
Practical intelligence, as proposed by Sternberg, is sometimes compared to “street smarts.” Being practical means you find solutions that work in your everyday life by applying knowledge based on your experiences. This type of intelligence appears to be separate from traditional understanding of IQ; individuals who score high in practical intelligence may or may not have comparable scores in creative and analytical intelligence (Sternberg, 1988).
This video touches on the idea of street smarts compared with high IQ scores. The video also explains and gives examples of both ideas and poses the idea that a new definition of intelligence may need to be created in order for humans to further their understanding of the topic.
obert Sternberg developed another theory of intelligence, which he titled the triarchic theory of intelligence because it sees intelligence as comprised of three parts (Sternberg, 1988): practical, creative, and analytical intelligence
Recent research has found that there is more of a link between intelligence and creativity than previously thought to be (Nusbaum and Silvia, 2011). This correlation was found in studies done at the University of Greensboro, in North Carolina. Experiments done showed that people that were more creative or outside the box thinkers knew lots about many categories of things and less about individual things within a certain field/category. On the other end of the spectrum those who were thought to be intelligent had greater in depth knowledge in certain categories but in fewer catagories. The real finding though, was that people who were deemed extremely intelligent possessed both traits of knowing relatively little about a lot of things but at the same time knew how to relate these things to ideas they had a better understanding of.
Like the father in this example, psychologists have wondered what constitutes intelligence and how it can be measured.
Intelligence is created and developed from multiple factors (Deary, 2013). These factors are influenced by the environment and ones genetic make up. Intelligence itself has rarely been isolated in modern experiments (Deary, 2013). Due to the lack of isolating what makes up intelligence in studies, there is still a lack of ways in which it can be measured. However, technology has been catching up and certain scanners can now tell when portions of the brain are stimulated while thinking certain ways (Hennessey and Amabile, 2010).