415 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2019
    1. Mother Mary appears further into the background than the Magi and Joseph in his artwork, showing depth.


    1. In the “Madonna and Child” by Berlinghiero, Madonna’s face is too big for her body and she’s holding a miniature adult Jesus in her hands. The bodies are not proportional relative to themselves or each other.

      Very good!

    2. The difference is that Dante depicts the inferno as a structured institution however, Van Eyck depicts the inferno as a more chaotic region where the souls are everywhere rather than being localized in different levels.


    3. christ

      Capital letter!

    1. grandfather

      for Dante they are all his sons. Why do you think that for Carpeaux it's different?

    2. when you first glance at him

      and later?

    3. Cimabue’s “ Madonna and Child”,

      do you refer to the one we saw in class or to Berlinghiero's?

    4. escape

      You missed the point here. The question is:

      Question 2: Make a brief comparison between the last judgement envisions by Dante and this depiction of it (right painting).

    5. you can note countless comparisons.

      Be accurate. There are no comparisons in the paintings. You make the comparisons.

    6. which is seen in the Adam and Eve were both doing something

      watch your grammar here! Also, use punctuation.

    1. To help us understand the very nature around Hell and Lucifer let us examine Canto 33 .

      How is canto 33 helping you understand canto 34?

    2. never dying

      They are dead!

    1. This is very different from how Dante was in the beginning of Inferno, where he questioned himself and his worthiness of being the one to do the journey.

      good point

    1. Dante the pilgrim does not weep for Ugolino and instead uses his tragic story to criticize the city of Pisa.

      very good!

    1. With this in mind, Ugolino is implying that his crime is no where near as treacherous as that of Ruggieri


    2. The presence of the words ‘teeth’ and ‘bone’ further emphasize Ugolino’s canine-like actions because it resembles a dog struggling to chomp on a bone whose rough exterior highlights the hardness of Ruggieri’s human flesh as well as the indifference and cruelty of the soul, itself.


    3. Ugolino’s famine becomes unbearable and he begins voraciously feeding on the decomposing bodies of the children

      Where do you find this?

    1. So in conclusion, the whole pilgrimage was worthless because Lucifer ultimately had zero impact on the development of Dante and his guide to purgatory.

      maybe this is ìntentional

    2. does not like

      indeed he hates him!

    3. Dante, the Ghibellines

      Dante is not a Ghibelline.

    4. thieves

      they are not thieves, or at least they are not punished for stealing.

    1. Dante’s torture is his entire journey through the circles into hell.

      I am not sure what you are saying here.Is Dante punished?

    2. Ugalino


    1. Lucifer used this ability to speak to try and incite rebellion among the other angels

      Good point: see Milton's Paradise Lost if you want to see Lucifer's rhetorical skills!

    2. he isn’t glorified or even dignified by speec

      Very good.

    3. n which the feet of simonists are engulfed in flame. In a certain way, Satan too used his position in a different context for personal gain.


    4. members

      Maybe "sinners," or "inhabitants," or souls. Members make me think that they joined voluntarily (buying a membership, lol)

    1. Nothing burns like the cold

      Sooo apropos!

    2. nothing but a tool in God’s hands

      in which sense?

    3. As Barollini described it: “In spiritual terms, Lucifer is the antithesis of the Divine Trinity: Lucifer spirates death where the Trinity spirates love.”

      Good use of secondary source. You can insert the link to the page in the word Barolini if you want.

    4. Or are we, the readers, up for a big disappointment?

      I love this?

    1. He betrays Archbishop Ruggieri

      No, he betrayed his city and Ruggieri betrayed him.

    2. Canto 33 focuses on the nature of weeping among the sinners. Dante alters the meaning of weeping for each soul. Count Ugolino wants to cry because he wants to express his grief for eating his own sons however, Alberigo wants to cry in order to obtain some for of autonomy over his own sins. Both want to express their grief for their fate however, neither can express it because crying is a humane characteristic that doesn’t fit their inhumane crimes.


    3. dual nature of being a relief and punishment


    4. personifies

      not a personification (the representation of a thing as a person).

    5. body


    6. more purer

      purer (=more pure)

    7. The “stone” represents his loss of humanity because he begins to perceive his sons as food.

      the stone doesn't connect with this kind of perception, I think.

    8. When

      He doesn't say what you say he says when he is imprisoned.

    9. it’s


    1. high priest,

      who is this? It is important in Dante's Inferno, even though he is not dead yet.

    2. Aristotle’s principle of contradiction

      Where does this idea come from?

    3. After reading this Canto it made me realize

      After reading this canto, I realized (because the subject of reading is I). OR Reading this canto made me realized (reading is the subject)

  2. Mar 2019
    1. are

      you need the relative pronoun here: "Like F and C who are".

    2. whom

      who (Beatrice, subject, asked Virgil, object)

    3. in which

      this is the correct use of "in which" (in the area)!

    4. which

      why "which"? which is a relative pronoun. It refers to the last noun mentioned. In this case Satan's body. Your sentence means "Satan's body isn't the first time). Cut which and say just "This isn't the first time).

    5. in which

      what is the antecedent for this which? in the betrayal?

    6. I think it is anger that the sons mistake for hunger.

    1. my treatment of the text tends to gravitate to philosophy and mythology


    2. And that we should risk being wrong, rather than not making any thoughtful interpretation at all.

      I agree!

    1. so we are bound to write posts about similar things

      of course!

    2. This made my posts more than just summaries of each canto. I can see that as the weeks went on, I tried to focus more on a specific idea in each canto.

      good for you!

    1. Dante’s exploration of contrapasso in the Inferno is something I find very interesting, as readers can probably tell from the numerous times that I’ve brought it up through my blog posts.

      good analysis

    1. At first I thought the topics I address have all been very different, but looking back I notice I usually write of how Dante views certain sinners and their actions. I write whether he shows the sinners pity or distain, whether he writes of their punishment as fair or unjust.

      good comment

    2. my


    3. image


    4. Blog post 1 and 5,

      In blog post...?

    5. should also look into arguing against what other people have written, if I do not agree with them.

      good point

    1. I believe, going forward, this would be a useful technique to add to the upcoming posts because it allows for an analysis of how the vivid text is brought to life in a manner that allows me to visualize the harrowing events in Hell.

      very good!

    2. I believe I focus on this theme consistently because it is important to keep track of the emotional roller coaster that Dante is on.


    3. which Virgil fails to do so in canto 21

      yes, this could be said better

    4. . Considering that Dante depends solely on Virgil as his guide, it is understandable that I included this connection in order to make my point.


    1. made

      you FIND the similarities (you don't MAKE them)

    2. My fifth blog post I compared

      A preposition is missing. IN my fifth blog post...

    3. 13

      Ciacco is not in Canto 13.

    4. My first four blog posts were more like summaries rather than reflective posts. They all included images with a short description of them but, I mostly summarized what the canto was about. However, my blog posts five and six had more connections, comparisons, similarities and changes in style.

      Good for you!

    1. he ongoing theme of symbolism

      Please notice that symbolism if not a theme.

    2. the worst sins to the least severe in order

      It is the other way around, less to more serious...

    3. which


    1. I found that while I quote a lot from the Inferno, I do not often quote from outside sources like many other students do.

      ok, you can fix this.

    2. all my other posts have either directly addressed the way the act of remembrance is used in the text or alludes to it by examining the representation of sinners in comparison to their living appearance


    1. On the other hand, I have to admit that my posts lack coherency and logical organization due to the fact that I choose the most appealing image or topic of my interest in a particular canto without paying attention to what I previously wrote about.

      you don't have to stick with the same topic!

    2. continues through hell continue

      there is something wrong here!

    3. language

      You read the Italian! Brava!

    1. n which he

      substitute "in which he" with "and"

    2. writing helps one express ideas/ reflect on their own well-being and I think Dante (the writer) is doing this through Dante (the pilgrim).


    3. written

      newly assigned... Dante doesn't write anymore!

    4. I believe writing as simple and as clear as possible is rather difficult than easy but sometimes writing in a simpler way is better.

      very true!

    5. After re-reading my posts one recurrent thing I do is incorporate the plot

      do you do this after reading your posts?

    1. and dig deeper in my explanations

      This is not a bad thing. Or maybe you mean you don't dig deeper.

    2. Sometimes I find myself formulating my own ideas of what events mean and get so excited that I write my posts on my ideas alone without searching outside commentaries that could take my idea a little bit further as well as support my ideas. Finding solid support would not only validate and explain my ideas but would also help other students reading my posts better understand the ideas I’m trying to express if maybe the way I have worded something isn’t as clear as it could be.

      This is a very important point.

    1. I’ve focused on themes like fear, midlife crisis, sinners creating their own Hell, and comparing sinners to animals.


    1. for that

      for why, maybe (I don't understand)

    2. We can see there is an implicit iconography of ascension by comparing these two excerpts.

      By comparing ... we can see... (change your order)

    3. draws

      who draws a connection? you miss a subject here.

    4. brought

      Cut. You don't need this.

    5. can be

      maybe "Dante summarizes like this", otherwise I expect your summary.

    6. on


    7. On

      In lines

    8. indeed

      why "indeed"?

    1. But then why are the sinners of canto 22, who are guilty of barratry, also compared to animals? They were not violent.

      nice point?

    2. From

      By? In?

      And then "is defined as"

    1. by his Tuscan language

      for his language?

    2. they angered the  “Silent,

      who is they? how does this sentence work grammatically with the quotation?

    3. believed

      use present tense, please.

    1. According to Friedrich Nietzsche, how can these sinners achieve human greatness

      is this a fragment? Or is it supposed to be a question?

    2. stated

      use the present!

    1. Of course, Dante did not place this reference here knowingly since he believed that the Donation of Constantine happened. Regardless, I believe it is worth mentioning as an interesting observation even though it is undoubtedly without intent.

      You already said this.

    2. The forgery of the Donation of Constantine was an act that I would classify as violence using intellect or in a broader term fraud as well as a theft of power from those who held it by dishonest means.

      good point

    3. making

      "is making"

    4. was the first example of the encyclopedic nature of Dante’s Commedia I was introduced to and whose layers I find fascinating.

      I don't understand: you think that before this canto there are no references to previous writings or culture?

    1. As our poets make it to the sixth circle

      before he makes it there the sinners are not punished?

    2. of


    3. similar to how Christ had the weight of mankind on him

      this idea is taken from the comments. Please take our plagiarism test.

    1. It seems that this journey is also a test of faith for Virgil as much as it is for Dante.


    2. his little excursion of Dante and Virgil is definitely a part of his design


    3. them

      who is them?

    4. it

      who discusses?

    1. were

      Use the present tense.

    2. ou look closely it looks like Virgil and Dante are hugging each other as they watch in fear the exchange between Ciampolo and the demon


    3. When Ciampolo bluffed, it portrayed Ciampolo’s victory and Alichino’s defeat (Falvo

      In this sentence you are using Falvo's exact words, which should quoted between inverted commas. Please see out plagiarism test.

    4. was

      is: always use the present tense.

    5. et al.

      Dante is the only author. Why et al.?

    6. Falvo, Joseph

      What is the title of this essay?

    7. The Logistic Model Has Good and Bad Features PROS CONS Mathematically Tractable, College Life

      What is this? Is this a title? Maybe check MLA style to see how to quote a website. (But I have the impression that this is not a scientific website like the databases we are using)

    8. hat pnishing sin does not always help the sinner understand the nature of what he or she has done wrong


    9. sinners


    10. Martinez and Durlings note to lines 19-21, states that the traditional idea of how dolphins would warn the sailors when there was a storm approaching

      This is incomplete.

    11. Sparknotes

      This is not an acceptable source in academia, because those text are not peer reviewed. You don't even need a secondary sources to understand that Dante and Virgil are hiding (the poem says it).

    1. the Pilgrim

      the pilgrim lives the story, doesn't tell him (unless you mean that when the Pilgrim speaks of himself in the Comedy he does so with pride and not shame – but you should rephrase your sentence).

    2. writes the sinners in his poetry back into existence on earth

      I love this sentence!

    3. Virgil’s encouragement for the Pilgrim to seek fame can be read as representing Dante’s act of writing the Divine Comedy, to use his life to gain fame by writing poetry


    4. you

      He (Dante)?

    5. two

      I don't understand what are the two ways: Dante has to give up sloth is one and what is the non-wasteful way?

    6. characters

      outside of the narrative?

    1. the heat from the pitch couldn’t pull them apart

      the heat separates them

    2. Dante uses an extended metaphor that “as sometimes one frog stays while the other jumps”

      This is a simile, not a metaphor.

    3. Vergil.

      Question mark.

      Virgil is the character, Vergil the poet in the convention of our book.

    4. the souls have this little patience with the damned soul

      ambiguous: do you mean the demons have no patience?

    5. was

      present tense

    6. saw


    7. beasts

      Do you mean demons here?

    8. ,

      no comma

    9. The demons are pretending to help Dante cross the 8th Circle hence they’re acting as “dolphins” leading Dante and Vergil who represent the sailors however, the beasts are really like the sinners themselves who trick and deceive people.  

      very nice!

    10. Beasts vs Sinners (Parallel)


      A parallel between beasts and sinners Sinners as beast

    11. do

      you can cut this "do" because it doesn't fit your syntax and put [...]

    1. Evil Tail

      he or "the devil" or find another noun...

    2. word


    3. n canto 8

      do you mean canto 9?

    4. Barolini elaborates on this point by claiming, “Malacoda [Evil Tail] weaves truth with falsehood into a perfectly designed trap, giving instructions and information that seem straightforward and helpful to Virgilio but that his troops can decode as deceitful and hostile,” (Barolini)

      good use of the secondary source

    5. he self-assurance present in Virgil’s attitude.

      maybe here "thanks to his self-confidence" (the antecedent of his would clearly be Virgil).

    1. the father figure

      yes, we look at what we have in the text....

    2. Given that Dante’s father was accused of usury, a form of fraud, could this be an admission by Dante that the accusations against his father were not only true but also that Dante himself assisted in that fraud? Or could it symbolize Dante freeing himself from the shame he felt due to his father’s crimes since the sins of the father should not fall upon the son?

      Good questions

    3. The appearance of two father figures of Dante in Inferno begs the question, where is Dante’s biological father?

      good point!

    1. , benefited

      no comma between subject "Ciampolo as a kite" and benefits (in the present)

    2. trusted


    3. was


    4. Barolini’s commentary, “Malacoda was effectively telling his devils that they will soon be authorized to attack the travelers.”


    1. was


    2. “And to me he said:

      you don't need this because you have already introduced Virgil's words.

    3. was

      present tense here

    4. being there

      do you need this? "Without Virgil, Dante would have been..."

    5. In Canto 23, Virgil and Dante managed to slip away from Barbariccia and the other demons that were distracted by the demons Calcabrina and Alinchino fighting. Virgil and Dante saw this as their final opportunity to leave

      Please use the present tense.

    1. This contrasts with the way in which most of the sinners in Hell are prey to their emotions and physical desires such as anger, lust, greed, and so forth. Although Virgil is in one circle of Hell, he is only there because he is not a Christian; he is a pagan. Virgil, however, uses his willpower to master his emotions. Throughout the poem, the ability to master emotions is seen to be a uniquely human characteristic that identifies with human ability.


    2. milked

      another metaphor!

    3. her pen

      note the metaphor here!

    4. This is shown when


    1. v.s.

      maybe: and

    2. himself as well as the reader


    3. avoid ending up in a damned position similar to Nicholas.

      Dante is not part of the clergy and doesn't aspire to be. I don't think he risks.

    4. that bothers him throughout his participation in politics


    5. At this point, Dante is used to and no longer shocked at the extremity of the punishments.

      this is not true (see canto 21)

    6. He is becoming more aware of his connections to the souls in Hell, especially when they are connected to a political or religious background in which Dante participates.

      this is unclear... Dante feels connected to Nicholas III? Dante is part of the clergy?

    7. ongoing

      cut, do you need the word? and what does it mean attached to circle?

    8. Boniface

      which of the Bonifaces?

    9. someone

      no, simony is the sin not the sinner