7 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2017
    1. Learning to complete a whole task involves 4 levels of instruction (preferably modeled):

      Effective instruction should engage students in all four levels of performance: the problem level, the task-level, the operation-level, and the action-level.

    2. First Principles of Instruction

      Click here to see more detailed description of the First Principles of Instruction.

    1. FIRST PRINCIPLES OF INSTRUCTION

      An Elaboration of the First Principles of Instruction.

    2. Much instructional practice concentratesprimarily on the demonstration phase and ig-nores the other phases in this cycle of learning.

      Yes, and also demonstration which is decontextualized, has not audience, no stakeholders...

    3. Many current instructional models suggest thatthe most effective learning products or environ-ments are those that are problem-centered andinvolve the student in four distinct phases oflearning: (a) activation of prior experience, (b)demonstration of skills, (c) application of skills,and (d) integration of these skills into real-worldactivities.

      (a) activation of prior experience (b)demonstration of skills (c) application of skills,and (d) integration of these skills into real-worldactivities

    4. Principle 1—Problem-centered: Learning ispromoted when learners are engaged in solvingreal-world problems.

      In my experience, this is a very powerful principle for learning.It can provide many variables that are not present in traditional learning environments:

                   * Authentic context
                   * Complex problems  
                   * Real stakeholders
                   * Authentic feedback from real stakeholders 
      

      Solving real-world problems can naturally lead to inter-disciplinary work and high levels of motivation if the student is allowed to pick a real world problem that is important for them.

    5. Five firstprinciples are elaborated: (a) Learning ispromoted when learners are engaged insolving real-world problems. (b) Learning ispromoted when existing knowledge isactivated as a foundation for new knowledge.(c) Learning is promoted when new knowledgeis demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning ispromoted when new knowledge is applied bythe learner. (e) Learning is promoted whennew knowledge is integrated into the learner’sworld.

      nice...