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 May 2017

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Figure 1.8
Several sets of (x, y) points, with the correlation coefficient of x and y for each set. Note that the correlation reflects the nonlinearity and direction of a linear relationship (top row), but not the slope of that relationship (middle), nor many aspects of nonlinear relationships (bottom). N.B.: the figure in the center has a slope of 0 but in that case the correlation coefficient is undefined because the variance of Y is zero.
