5 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2024
    1. Scholars, in the past and the present, have agreed that the most populous groups among human beings are the Arabs and the Turks. Surely you know how the sovereignty of the Arabs was established when they became united in their religion in following their prophet [Muhammad]. As for the Turks, their rivalry with the kings of Persia and the seizure of Khurasan from the latter by their king, Afrāsiyāb, is evidence of their royal origin. None from among the kings of the earth—not Khusraw, nor Caesar nor Alexander nor Nebuchadnezzar—is comparable to them with regard to the extent of their group solidarity (‘asabiyya).

      Arabs and Turks as having most asabiyyah (even more than the likes of Caesar and Alexander)

  2. Feb 2024
    1. Ajam (Arabic: عجم, romanized: ʿajam) is an Arabic word meaning mute. It generally refers to someone whose mother tongue is not Arabic,[1] as well as non-Arabs.[2]

      Also see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shu%27ubiyya

      And they speak "mute" (non-Arabs)

    1. After Muhammad's death, this institution was adapted by the Umayyad dynasty to incorporate new converts to Islam into Arab-Muslim society and the word mawali gained currency as an appellation for converted non-Arab Muslims in the early Islamic caliphates.

      Non-Arabs integration into Arab Muslim society

    1. Shu'ubiyya (Arabic: الشعوبية) was a literary-political movement which opposed the privileged status of Arabs within the Muslim community and the Arabization campaigns particularly by the Ummayads.[1] The vast majority of the Shu'ubis were Persian.[2][3]
  3. Apr 2022