85 Matching Annotations
  1. May 2023
    1. TAYLOR Keith C

      This is me! But it's actually the month that my birth was registered. As my birth date is 28th February. At 9:35 in a snow-covered Baildon, according to Mum.

      I have a memory of searching for this several years ago. When I found a scan of the original page 790 from the Wharefdale births register. But I can't find it now.

      Coincidentally, Baildon births from this time are considered to be part of Leeds. Which gives context to the campaign to breakaway from Bradford MDC.

      Interestingly, the top guy - Leslie M Cookson became my brother-in-law in my 40s.

      For my life since 1958, start at Web2 Keith Taylor or Web3 Keith Taylor.

  2. May 2022
    1. William Mather’s 1699 Young Man’s Companion also has one (the London book would inspire the very first arithmetic book to be printed in the colonies in 1705, by Franklin’s old boss Andrew Bradford). In Mather’s book, though, the recipe was short, misleading, and ineffective. It includes an entry for “Terms provoked,” a heading also found under comparable medical books with abortifacient concoctions (where the “term,” or period, needs “provoking”). Unfortunately for Mather’s readers, however, he prescribes “stinking Arach,” or goosefoot, which is an emmenagogue (an agent to stimulate or regulate menstruation) but not a reliable abortifacient. He also makes the even more dubious suggestion to “take a draught of White wine” under a full moon.
  3. Sep 2021
    1. shallop

      In the 1600's a shallop was a "rater modest wooden boat" of which the explores at this time used to travel across the sea. It states that these shallops were small with 1-2 sails that they were also able to row but also able to still carry heavier cargo.

      U.S. Department of the Interior. (2016, January 7). The shallop. National Parks Service. https://www.nps.gov/cajo/learn/historyculture/the-shallop.htm#:~:text=In%20the%201600s%2C%20the%20word%20%22shallop%22%20referred%20to,sails.%20Captain%20Smith%27s%20shallop%20could%20carry%2015%20men.

  4. Feb 2021
  5. Sep 2015
    1. and spoke to them in broken English

      Wait, Bradford, who's speaking in broken English?

    2. [T]hey that before had been boone companions in drinking & joyllity in ye time of their health & wellfare, begane now to deserte one another in this calamitie, saing they would not hasard ther lives for them, they should be infected by coming to help them in their cabins, and so, after they came to dye by it, would doe litle or nothing for them, but if they dyed let them dye…

      This is SO SAD. He didn't need to add this bit, but it must have been out of guilt. He could have easily said, "We ye done ye everything we could do ye, but to no avail." but he offers true sincerity here.

    3. Northerne parts of Virginia,

      they're not in the cape??

    4. scarce any left alive besids him selfe.


    5. spetiall instrument sent of God for their good beyond their expectation.

      interesting that he views Squanto as an "instrument"

    6. That when ther men came to them, they should leave their bows & arrows behind them.

      hmm...sounds like they don't trust them even with this agreement

    7. That if any of his did any hurte to any of theirs, he should send ye offender, that they might punish him.

      an eye for an eye?

    8. they brought againe all ye tooles that were stolen away before

      they gave back the tools they had stolen?

    9. sundrie


    10. begane now to deserte one another in this calamitie, saing they would not hasard ther lives for them, t

      people didn't want to risk their lives to help their sick friends

    11. as in this generall calamity they were not at all infected either with sicknes, or lamnes…

      they're lucky!

    12. ther was but 6. or 7. sound persons, who, to their great comendations be it spoken, spared no pains, night nor day, but with abundance of toyle and hazard of their owne health, fetched them woode, made them fires, drest them meat, made their beads, washed their lothsome cloaths, cloathed & uncloathed them

      just 6 or 7 people took care of everyone else?!

    13. that of 100. & odd persons, scarce 50. remained.

      so they started with 100 people?

    14. But that which was most sadd & lamentable was, that in 2. or 3. moneths time halfe of their company dyed

      wow...how many people were there originally?

    15. covenant & combine our selves togeather into a civill body politick, for our better ordering & preservation & furtherance of ye ends aforesaid; and by vertue hearof to enacte, constitute, and frame such just & equall lawes, ordinances, acts, constitutions, & offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meete & convenient for ye generall good of ye Coloni

      sounds like an early version of democracy

    16. Northerne parts of Virginia,

      I thought they were in Cape Cod?

    17. Anno

      is this the ship?

    1. long used it in old England

      not a unique practice to this "heathen land"

    2. for first the mare, and then ye cowe, and ye rest of ye lesser catle, were kild before his face, according to ye law, Levit: 20. 15. and then he him selfe was executed.

      he had to watch all his animal-lovers die before he died...

    3. others with them were brought before him, and he declared which were they, and which were not.

      he recognizes his sheep-lovers...how nice

    4. but sundrie times before, and at severall times with all ye rest of ye forenamed in his indictmente; and this his free-confession was not only in private to ye magistrats, (though at first he strived to deney it,) but to sundrie, both ministers & others, and afterwards, upon his indictmente, to ye whole court & jury

      he just confessed to everyone didn't he?

    5. I forbear perticulers.

      thank you, Bradford

    6. He was this year detected of buggery (and indicted for ye same) with a mare, a cowe, tow goats, five sheep, 2. calves, and a turkey.

      he was busy!

    7. And yet all this could not suppress ye breaking out of sundrie notorious sins, (as this year, besids other, gives us too many sad presidents and instances,) espetially drunkennes and unclainnes; not only incontinencie betweene persons unmaried, for which many both men & women have been punished sharply enough, but some maried persons allso. But that which is worse, even sodomie and bugerie, (things fearfull to name,) have broak forth in this land, oftener then once.

      things are getting out of hand...maybe the people have too much freedom?

    8. Thomas Granger

      The one thing you will remember from this course when you are 95 years old.

    9. as it is with waters when their streames are stopped or dam̅ed up

      Love this idea so much....

    1. them thus frying in ye fyer, and ye streams of blood [426]quenching ye same, and horrible was ye stinck & sente ther of; but ye victory seemed a sweete sacrifice,

      wtf...this is messed up!

    2. some hewed to peeces, others rune throw with their rapiers, so as they were quickly dispatchte, and very few escaped. It was conceived they thus destroyed about 400

      this is a massacre

    3. others rane into their howses, & brought out fire, and sett them on fire, which soone tooke in their matts, &, standing close togeather, with ye wind, all was quickly on a flame, and therby more were burnte to death then was otherwise slain;


    4. It should seeme their desire was to come upon ye enemie sudenly, & undiscovered


    5. revenge was so sweete unto them, as it prevailed above all ye rest; so as they resolved to joyne with ye English against them, & did

      revenge is too sweet to pass up

    6. for they would not come to open battle with them

      you mean they don't want to just stand in an open battlefield and fight? weird...

    7. as that ye English were stranegers and begane to overspred their countrie, and would deprive them therof in time, if they were suffered to grow & increse; and if ye Narigansets did assist ye English to subdue them, they did but make way for their owne overthrow, for if they were rooted out, the English would soone take occasion to subjugate them

      good luck trying to stop the invasion of the Europeans...it's just the beginning

    1. yet nothing was done to him

      he wasn't punished...they just sent him back

    2. Ile of Shols

      Isle of Shoals? Like the one off the coast of NH?

    3. but they were so steeld with drinke as their peeces were to heavie for them;

      drinking and guns don't mix well

    4. if they had not been over armed with drinke, more hurt might have been done.

      if they weren't so drunk, they might have had a better chance

    5. said ye king was dead

      he's independent, the way he sees it.

    6. So, to be short, they first resolved joyntly to write to him, and in a freindly & neigborly way to admonish him to forbear these courses, & sent a messenger with their letters to bring his answer.

      tried talking to Morton first, before fighting with him

    7. to prevente ye further grouth of this mischeefe, and suppress Morton & his consortes before yey grewe to further head and strength.

      overpower the rebels!

    8. they should stand in more fear of their lives & goods (in short time) from this wicked & deboste crue, then from ye salvages them selves.

      Morton & his people were more dangerous than the Natives

    9. Oh! that princes & parlements would take some timly order to prevente this mischeefe, and at length to suppress it, by some exemplerie punishmente upon some of these gaine thirstie murderers, (for they deserve no better title,) before their collonies in these parts be over throwne by these barbarous savages, thus armed with their owne weapons, by these evill instruments, and traytors to their neigbors and cuntrie.

      he's really mad about this!

    10. when some of their neigbours & freinds are daly killed by ye Indeans, or are in deanger therof, and live but at ye Indeans mercie.

      scared that the Natives now have guns

    11. And having thus instructed them, he imployed some of them to hunte & fowle for him

      after teaching the Natives how to use a gun, he made them hunt for him?

    12. begane ye practise of ye same in these parts;

      began to trade with the Natives

    13. Bacchinalians

      bacchanalin: characterized by or given to drunken revelry; riotously drunken

    14. Roman Goddes Flora,
    15. drinking both wine & strong waters in great exsess,

      there are no rules and no God! sounds like a party to me!

    16. till he could gett passages for England.

      they're kicking him out and sending him all the way back to England?? harsh!

    17. Therfore I would [285]advise you to thruste out this Levetenant Fitcher; and I, having a parte in the plantation, will receive you as my partners and consociats; so may you be free from service, and we will converse, trad, plante, & live togeather as equalls, & supporte & protecte one another, or to like effecte.

      planning to overthrow the Lieutenant and have a more democratic society

    18. who had been a kind of petie-fogger, of Furnefells Inne,


    19. pretie parts


    20. Athisme.

      Atheism. Just checking that you got that. :)

    21. Mr. Morton,

      We will be reading him soon. He will be your very favorite. :)

    1. every man for his owne perticuler

      every man for himself/his family, at least when it comes to corn

    2. So they begane to thinke how they might raise as much corne as they could, and obtaine a beter crope then they had done, that they might not still thus languish in miserie

      trying to figure out how to sustain themselves

    3. became servants to ye Indeans, and would cutt them woode & fetch them water, for a cap full of corne; others fell to plaine stealing, both night & day, from ye Indeans, of which they greevosly complained. In ye end, they came to that misery, that some starved & dyed with could & hunger

      they're becoming very desperate!

    4. or he yt was their cheef [157]was taxed by some amongst them for keeping Indean women,

      there was a tax for keeping Native women?

    5. being left competently provided when ye ship left them

      I thought they had no food?! that's competently provided for?

    6. hat they should set corne every man for his owne perticuler

      The end of the common course and condition...beginning of private property...all that good stuff...

    1. both hungrie, & thirstie, their sowle was overwhelmed in them.

      I don't know, my soul doesn't usually help when I'm hungry and thirsty...

    2. delivered them from ye hand of ye oppressour.

      from England?

    3. what could they see but a hidious & desolate wildernes, full of wild beasts & willd men?

      sounds inviting!

    4. , and they that know ye winters of yt cuntrie know them to be sharp & violent, & subjecte to cruell & feirce stormes, deangerous to travill to known places, much more to serch an unknown coast.

      they picked the wrong season to come to New England!

    5. savage barbarians,

      not the barbarians again! ugh its like they own the place or something...

    6. this poore peoples presente condition

      poor money-wise? or poor unfortunate-wise? both?

    7. Seneca


    8. the which being made & certainly knowne to be it, they were not a litle joyfull.

      they weren't joyful? is that because landing on Cape Cod is dangerous?

    9. yet he lived many years after, and became a profitable member both in church & com̅one wealthe.

      well that's nice

    10. a lustie

      what does this mean?

    11. com̅ited them selves to ye will of God, & resolved to proseede.

      always trusting in God...

    12. ther was a great iron scrue ye passengers brought out of Holland, which would raise ye beame into his place; ye which being done, the carpenter & mr. affirmed that with a post put under it, set firme in ye lower deck, & otherways bounde, he would make it sufficiente.

      they were able to fix it well enough to continue on. turning back would cost them too much money

    13. to consider in time of ye danger; and rather to returne then to cast them selves into a [92]desperate & inevitable perill. And truly ther was great distraction & differance of opinion amongst ye mariners them selves

      the people in charge of the ship debated whether to turn around or continue on their voyage with the damaged ship

    14. ne of the maine beames in ye midd ships was bowed & craked, which put them in some fear that ye shipe could not be able to performe ye vioage

      this doesn't sound too promising!

    15. to smite this yong man with a greeveous disease, of which he dyed in a desperate maner, and so was him selfe ye first yt was throwne overbord

      how's that for karma?

    16. that he hoped to help to cast halfe of them over board before they came to their jurneys en

      yikes...not a very nice sea-man

    17. which was some incouragmente unto them; yet according to ye usuall maner many were afflicted with sea-sicknes.

      is this how words were spelled or was Bradford not well educated? was he just writing the words the way they sounded?

    18. incouragmente


    19. one shipe

      the mayflower?

    20. Of their vioage, & how they passed ye sea, and of their safe arrivall at Cape Codd.

      wow, this is going to be fun with this wonderful spelling!

    1. at least as near as my slender judgmente can attaine the same.

      so I guess he's saying that he is going to tell us a story from the beginning, being honest about the events to the best of his ability