35 Matching Annotations
  1. Dec 2020
  2. icla2020b.jonreeve.com icla2020b.jonreeve.com
    1. blindfolding

      This reminds me of the first sentence of "Araby": "NORTH RICHMOND STREET, being blind, was a quiet street..." Maria playing the divination game blindfolded implies that the dubliners are mentally blind

    2. She waited on patiently, almost cheerfully, without alarm, her memories gradually giving place to hopes and visions of the future

      Description of Polly's thoughts lays the ground for her epiphany in the end "Then she remembered what she had been waiting for." It is unclear what she realizes in the end, but it is not as important as the process of epiphany itself in Joyce's idea.

    3. as a cleaver deals with meat

      This is an excellent comparison here because Mrs. Mooney is the daughter of a butcher and ran a butcher's shop before. She is literally a butcher with a butcher's style dealing with moral issues: she separated with her husband immediately and did not give him anything. It is normal that she will maximize the profit from her daughter's marriage as she did so from her own marriage.

    4. everyone knows everyone else’s business

      It is interesting to see Mr. Doran's thought here. He just thought about his confession to the priest about the affair. Is he worried that the priest could have disclosed his secrets?

  3. Nov 2020
  4. icla2020b.jonreeve.com icla2020b.jonreeve.com
    1. All the seas of the world tumbled about her heart

      Again, her mind was "paralyzed" when making important decisions, which is something happening over and over in The Dubliners. For example, in An Encounter, the boy could not make up his mind to run away from the creepy old man.

    2. I asked for leave to go to the bazaar on Saturday night. My aunt was surprised and hoped it was not some Freemason affair. I answered few questions in class

      A sudden transition in space and time. The narrator asked for permission to got to the bazaar and suddenly went into school class. This sense of broken spacetime is one character of "stream of consciousness".

    3. we

      The other people in the "we" are not mentioned in the entire short story. Joyce puts a lot of characters in this short story so every character only has ambiguous and incomplete information . Here some characters do not even have names.

    4. magnetised

      The use of "magnetised" here vividly depicted the old man's pattern of speech. It also reflects that the narrator was a well-behaved kid in school, unlike the kids in the "national schools" who often get whipped or Mahony. In fact, the contrast between "me" and Mahony strengthened this reflection.

    5. bottle-green

      Green is used intensively in this short story. There is the Norwegian sailor with green eyes, the green field, the greenish suit, and here a pair of bottle-green eyes.

    6. greenish

      In my opinion, the old man was not wearing a greenish suit, but rather a purely black one. The kids were in a field and the narrator was chewing one of the green stems. It could be the case that the old man, who was in a black suit, appeared greenish when walking in the field and approaching the kids.

    7. the word gnomon in the Euclid and the word simony in the Catechism

      Joyce seems to like putting elements from mathematics in his works. He referred the "Ithaca" episode of Ulysses as a "mathematical catechism" in his letter. Maybe he found some connections between geometry and Catechism as he was a very knowledgeable writer.

    1. Gracious, father! What a fright you gave me! Have you just come home? Why isn’t Charles here to help you off with your coat?

      This paragraph is just an example of the richness of emotions in this short story (two exclamation marks and two question marks). I wonder if emotions can be studied by counting all exclamation marks or question marks in a text (Katherine Mansfield definitely instills rich emotions to her short stories).

    2. Leila had learned to dance at boarding school.

      This paragraph is a sudden transition into Leila's thoughts as she recalled her experience learning to dance at boarding school. This kind of sudden transition to Leila's memory occurs a lot in this story, including her memory of peaceful nights in the countryside. The function is to reflect how unusual Leila's first ball turns out to be.

    3. “Do I remember this bright little face?” he said softly. “Is it known to me of yore?”

      This is suggestive of of the old man's rich experience attending balls. The questions the man asked implies the man's awareness that it is Leila's first ball at this point since he did not see Leila before in any ball he attended.

  5. Oct 2020
    1. new

      "New" means that Isabel changed a lot compared to her in the old times. As the following paragraphs suggest, William was certainly not satisfied with the "new" character that his wife had turned into. "New" is also used at the end of the story to describe the new way Isabel laughed. All of these imply that their love vanished.

    2. black-and-gold town

      As a side note, this story took place in the city of Monte Carlo, the center of the gambling industry. The "black-and-gold" here implies the extravagant lifestyles in the city in addition to what the city looked like at night.

    3. dependent

      The short story also reflects the growth of Con and Jug in a way that they grow more and more independent after losing their father. When their father was alive, they always asked for permission for whatever they want to do. Now they can handle a lot of things at home.

    4. flakes

      This is a figuratively way of depicting the feeling Josephine had in the room. On last page "she almost expected a snowflake to fall" describes Constantia's feeling regarding the coldness and whiteness in the room. The combination of coldness and whiteness turns cold air into "snowflakes.

    5. Isn’t life,

      This incomplete statement echoes with the lyrics "This life is weary" that Jose sang in the middle of the story. This incomplete sentence also leaves a blank for the reader to fill in according to their feelings.

    1. I felt that I had converted him

      Betteredge seems to have a religious faith in the Robinson Crusoe. By "converting", Betteredge is satisfied that more people can appreciate and join his religious faith in the book

    2. at sunrise

      This echos with the ending of the narrative by Mr. Jennings, where he ended with "I have seen a little sunshine - I have had a happy time." This implies that Mr. Jennings died upon seeing the sunrise. Another thing is that when Mr. Jennings first talked with Mr. Blake along the way, the weather turned from sunny to cloudy quickly.

    3. Because the man who laid that carpet down is dead, Mr. Jennings–and the like of him for reconciling together a carpet and a corner, is not to be found in all England, look where you may

      I think the author intends to do a comparison between different scientific methods. Mr. Jennings holds the view that a conclusion can be made if a repeated experiment is made in similar situations, and Mr. Betteredge insists that no conclusion can be made if there is any difference in the repeated experiment.

    4. Mr. Franklin Blake is clever and agreeable, but he wants taking down a peg when he talks of medicine

      This paragraph resonates with the conclusion made by Mr. Jennings regarding the delirium. Mr. Candy's mind still worked properly regardless of delirium. More generally, as science flourished in the Victorian age, it could be the case that it serves as an important clue in detective novels at that time

    5. Once in possession of the names of the persons who had been present at the dinner, I resolved–as a means of enriching the deficient resources of my own memory–to appeal to the memory of the rest of the guests; to write down all that they could recollect of the social events of the birthday; and to test the result, thus obtained, by the light of what had happened afterwards, when the company had left the house.

      The French side of Mr. Blake, as he characterizes his own logical arguments, takes the dominant place in his mind. Maybe there is a quantitative indicator for him switching among his German, French, and English side.

    6. The clouds had gathered, within the last half hour. The light was dull; the distance was dim. The lovely face of Nature met us, soft and still colourless–met us without a smile.

      Every time an important event/clue happens in the Moonstone, there is some description of the environment surrounding the characters. The sentences here are reminiscent of the weather of the day when Rosanna Spearman committed suicide.

  6. Sep 2020
    1. scarlet

      As always, color is a great indicator of the character's emotion. The gradual change in color corresponds to the change in emotion/mood. Analyzing color helps grab the emotion (it seems the deeper the color is, the stronger the emotion in this case).

    2. died without giving me my little legacy

      Miss Clack's thought after Mr. Bruff's statement that she did not have the slightest pecuniary interest in Chapter III turns out to be self-comfort. It was not her true thought that she would have rejected a little legacy so that no enemies could have doubted her motive.

    3. Her insolence roused no angry feeling in me; I only made a private memorandum to pray for her

      A contrast with Miss Clack's attitude to Penelope when they first met at the same place. Differences in people's social status (money) change Miss Clack's impressions, though Miss Clack describes herself as a Christian who criticizes greed for money.

    4. I will accept your ladyship’s dismissal, but not your ladyship’s money

      Detectives are masters of psychology. By not accepting Mrs. Verinder's money, Sergeant Cuff tries to make Mrs. Verinder feels that she owes him a favor, and therefore decreases the possibility that he will get fired.

    5. As I got near the shore, the clouds gathered black, and the rain came down, drifting in great white sheets of water before the wind. I heard the thunder of the sea on the sand-bank at the mouth of the bay

      The description of the environment (terrible weather near the shore, which is Rosanna's favorite place) implies something bad is about to happen (Rosanna's death).

    6. I am one of the many people in this miserable world who can’t earn their money honestly and easily at the same time

      It seems Sergeant Cuff is sarcastic of the person who stole the diamond as thieves cannot earn their money honestly and easily, too

    7. head over ears in an argument on the growing of roses

      Their argument on roses appear a lot while Sergeant Cuff was investigating this case. Personally, I think roses here are metaphors of main characters (white moss rose to ?, dog-rose to ?)

    8. here was our quiet English house suddenly invaded by a devilish Indian Diamond

      This could serve as a contrast with Colonel Herncastle invaded an Indian armory and stole the Moonstone illegally in the family letter.

    9. Something

      "Something" implies there are some secrets underlying the quicksand. This could prepare the readers for the sudden appearance of Mr. Franklin thereafter.

    10. Robinson Crusoe

      The story of Robinson Crusoe, an 18th century adventurer, is an icon of colonization (Robinson saved Friday and employed him as a servant), resonating with the event of British invading India (including the siege of Seringapatam in 1799) in this novel.