20 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2021
    1. Matias sees the behavior of the tech platforms as essentially authoritarian

      Whenever a third-party is able impose non-optional restraints on the information available to an individual, we have an authoritarian regime.

    2. we have to not just take control of our own data, but also help oversee the design of algorithmic experiments, with “individual participation and consent at all decision levels possible.” For example, victims of prejudice should be able to help create experiments that explore how algorithms can reduce racism. Rohingya in Myanmar should be able to insist on social-media design that doesn’t facilitate their oppression. Russians, and for that matter non-Russians, should be able to limit the amount of government propaganda they see.

      An acceptance of a "freedom of association," as a compliment to freedom of speech, would support the idea that individuals should have individual control over the content moderation or filtering tools that influence what they see, hear, etc.

  2. Feb 2021
    1. Section 1-102 of Executive Order 12898 of February 11, 1994

      NYU's Institute for Policy Integrity publish a report which

      "provides background on Executive Order 12,898 and explains how renewed national attention to environmental justice presents an opportunity to improve agency compliance with the Order." See: "Improving Environmental Justice Analysis: Executive Order 12,898 and Climate Change," By Iliana Paul, Christine Pries, and Max Sarinsky, January 28, 2021

  3. Jan 2021
    1. sectoral decarbonization,

      Hopefully, the focus on "decarbonization" will include all greenhouse gases, even those that contain no Carbon. It is important to recognize that carbon-free gases, including nitrogen oxides, hydrogen, and others, also have a significant Global Warming Potential (GWP) -- often much greater than that of carbon dioxide. According the EPA, nitrous oxide (N2O) has a GWP 265–298 times greater than CO2, which has a GWP of 1. Researchers report a GWP of 5.8 for hydrogen.

    2. a report identifying the climate strategies and technologies that will result in the most air and water quality improvements

      One would expect such a report to say much about reducing emissions from electricity generation, however, in many states, particularly those in the Northeast and North, electricity generation and use only produces a small portion of GHG emissions. In New York State, electricity generation is responsible for less than 20% of emissions while heating and transportation each produce between 35% and 40% of emissions. Thus, in New York, emissions from electricity are a third-level priority. In New York, a focus on adoption of heat pumps and electric vehicles will contribute more to cleaning our air and water than a focus on electricity.

      It is important that this report identify strategies and technologies which are appropriate for the various regions of the country.

    3. Presidential Memorandum of September 21, 2016 (Climate Change and National Security)

      From Archives.gov: Presidential Memorandum -- Climate Change and National Security, September 21, 2016

      This memorandum establishes a framework and directs Federal departments and agencies (agencies) to perform certain functions to ensure that climate change-related impacts are fully considered in the development of national security doctrine, policies, and plans.

    1. On January 26, 2021, writers at the Urban Institute praised this memorandum and observed that:

      Such an acknowledgment is both historic and consequential. No president has so explicitly recognized the federal government’s culpability or taken official action to redress the consequences of its actions. See: Facing the Facts About Housing Injustice Will Help Pave the Way to Racial Equity

    2. 42 U.S.C. 3608(d)
    3. February 15, 2013, rule entitled “Implementation of the Fair Housing Act’s Discriminatory Effects Standard”

      Implementation of the Fair Housing Act's Discriminatory Effects Standard, A Rule by the Housing and Urban Development Department on 02/15/2013

    4. September 24, 2020, rule entitled “HUD’s Implementation of the Fair Housing Act’s Disparate Impact Standard”

      HUD's Implementation of the Fair Housing Act's Disparate Impact Standard, A Rule by the Housing and Urban Development Department on 09/24/2020

    5. the July 16, 2015, rule entitled “Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing”

      Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing. A Rule by the Housing and Urban Development Department on 07/16/2015

    6. the August 7, 2020, rule entitled “Preserving Community and Neighborhood Choice” (codified at parts 5, 91, 92, 570, 574, 576, and 903 of title 24, Code of Federal Regulations)

      The Preserving Community and Neighborhood Choice rule has been broadly criticized as a step backwards in addressing housing fairness. See, for instance: Nixon Peabody's analysis: New HUD rule repeals Obama-era Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing rule.

    7. During the 20th century, Federal, State, and local governments systematically implemented racially discriminatory housing policies

      Ta-Nehisi Coates drew widespread attention to the impact of discriminatory government housing policies in his famous Atlantic Monthly article, The Case for Reparations, and in a 2019 followup in the New Yorker, Ta-Nehisi Coates Revisits the Case for Reparations.

    1. major tax reform bill

      The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA) provided very large tax cuts for the very wealthy without providing significant benefit to the country.

      A simple overview of the TCJA can be found on Wikipedia.

    2. Undoubtedly the worst President in our nation's history.

    1. Congratulations Joe Biden and Kamala Harris on your election!

    1. The “social cost of carbon” (SCC), “social cost of nitrous oxide” (SCN), and “social cost of methane” (SCM) are estimates of the monetized damages associated with incremental increases in greenhouse gas emissions.

      In addition to setting standard "social costs" for greenhouse gases, it would be useful to set social costs for non-greenhouse gas co-pollutants such as PM2.5. While focusing on GHG emissions is useful, it results in an underestimation of the true social cost of fuel combustion.

  4. May 2018