15 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2015
    1. A giraffe develops a compulsive fear of men with large cameras. Halberstadt writes, "Disorders like phobias, depression and OCD, documented at zoos, don’t appear to have analogues among animals living in the wild."

      Primary source, direct quote

    2. sublime documentary Blackfish.

      Used as a source, similar to the explanation of the poem previously stated. Primary source

    3. : whether there is a good reason for zoos to exist at all.

      this is the author's MAIN claim, although many subclaims are made throughout the entire article.

    4. Last August, the Costa Rican government announced it was closing all its zoos. The new policy, the government declared, was "no cages." (A court ruling has so far kept the zoos open.) I think we're moving slowly toward the same sensibility.

      Examples of why we might approach the closing of all zoos

    5. A giraffe who freaks out about men with large cameras, a brown bear whose cage door is the subject of his obsessive compulsive disorder, a 5,000-pound killer whale who shows her trainer who is boss by dragging him underwater for just about as long as he can live,

      I've never thought of this killer whale situation in this way before. This is very interesting.

    6. I think these fabrications comprise a great deal of what zoos depend upon, and what has begun to fail: a kind of double illusion, in which the people are convinced that they are seeing animals in something like their natural state and the animals, most of whom have never lived in the wild, are convinced that they are at home.

      another claim made by the author

    7. A couple of years ago, the essayist David Samuels published a long piece in Harper's on the Bronx Zoo. It got attention mostly for a discovery Samuels made, in the archives, that the leading figure in the early history of the Bronx Zoo was a eugenicist propagandist named Madison Grant who corresponded with Hitler, and saw his work at the Zoo in the same vein, as rescuing the perfect form of a species before it declined.

      This statement made really affects the reader's emotions strongly by bringing up the concept of Hitler and this woman treating these animals in a Hitler way.

    8. Occasionally, for the most stubborn cases, he prescribes Prozac.

      Really treating animals like humans aren't they?

    9. "Zoos have changed incredibly in the past thirty years," a second-generation zoo director named Mark Reed tells Halberstadt. "These days, moats and glass have replaced cages; there are education departments and conservation initiatives. And full-time vets, antibiotics and better diets have doubled and in some cases tripled animals’ life spans in captivity.”

      Here the author provides a source that counter argues the previously stated information about animals living shorter lives and going crazy in zoos.

    10. Sure, SeaWorld's marketing is particularly crass, but if the basic problem is that intelligent, social animals are being kept in inhumane conditions that may be driving them insane, then shouldn't that same principle apply to other species, too? It's hard to think that SeaWorld should be put out of business and not have complicated thoughts about the National Zoo. You can't just stop at the orca; you've got to consider the orangutan.

      I think this is one of the author's main claims. I think he is trying to make the point that you can't just apply one moral concept to one particular animal.

    11. But there are advantages to being in zoos, from the animal's perspective — safety, mostly, and access to medical care, and the presence of a team of trained professionals who work very hard to entertain and engage you — and the disadvantages of being an animal in a place like the National Zoo have not always seemed to outweigh the security. In retrospect, you can see a form of anti-zoo sentiment building, reflected in films like

      begins to form a counter-argument here about the main claim he talks about

    12. One long-term 1983 study

      source used as backup for his argument

    13. (the zoo eradicationists tend to cite a somewhat melodramatic Rilke poem about a panther caged in a Paris zoo: "It seems to him there are / a thousand bars; and beyond the bars no world"),

      The author connects to a poem used by zoo eradicationists to give the reader an bit of background to the topic he is about to discuss.

  2. Oct 2015
    1. But look beyond the flashpoints of today — and the community of nations — and a very different world comes into sight.

      Telling us not to see groups as nations, but to see groups as the people united over a certain cause or call to action. For example, the LGBT community, the communities sponsoring the countries affected by war, drought, and famine, the communities of people that are able to actually form communities because of the internet.

    2. Main claim made. Later goes on to show supporting details for the claim made.