54 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2020
    1. the “windfall” theory of the singularity

      this theory could be relevant in the context of quantum computing. The first to develop a practically usable quantum computer, able to break passwords and encryptions, while at the same time being able to protect itself against attacks, would have a dramatic and possibly permanent advantage.

  2. Jul 2020
    1. As an example, Cambridge Analytica (CA) elected to beta-test and develop algorithmic tools for the 2017 Kenyan and 2015 Nigerian elections, with the intention to later deploy these tools in US and UK elections. Kenya and Nigeria were chosen in part due to the weaker data protection laws compared to CA’s base of operations in the United Kingdom—a clear example of ethics dumping. These systems were later found to have actively interfered in electoral processes and worked against social cohesion (Nyabola 2018). A critical decolonial approach would, for example, lead us to ask early on why the transgression of democratic processes by companies such as CA only gained international attention and mobilisation after beginning to affect Western democratic nations.

      very interesting!!!

    2. Some scholars such as Floridi et al. (2018) have highlighted that technologies such as AI require an expansion of ethical frameworks, such as the Belmont Principles, to include explicability (explanation and transparency) or non-malfeasance (do no harm). Whittlestone et al. (2019) conversely argue for a move away from enumerating new value criteria, and instead highlight the need to engage more deeply with the tensions that arise between principles and their implementation in practice. Similarly, we argue that the field of AI would benefit from dynamic and robust foresight tactics and methodologies grounded in the critical sciences to better identify limitations of a given technology and their prospective ethical and social harms.

      Makes me think of the Foresight practices developed at the Institute for the Future (IFTF). Design pattern thinking could also be relevant here.

  3. Nov 2019
    1. What learning activity recipes or models might be appropriate?

      This section is about asking questions about the texts, and one of these questions is the above one, about learning activities. For a reading group it's often hard to see what activities actually take place. People can appear to be passive recipients for instance, but maybe they do use certain insights in other contexts, which is fine of course. It's hard to impose learning activities, most people simply don't have the time for that - maybe it's a better idea to ask the participants how they would apply certain insights and maybe offer help, making it more learner-centered.

    1. the US Army’s technique of After Action Review (AAR)

      the US Army’s technique of After Action Review (AAR). What could we do better next time?

    1. More and more I think it would be useful to publish various versions of the Handbook, a version for teachers, for trainers in the corporate world, for people wanting to engage into peer-to-peer learning outside of institutions or companies...

      This being said, the content of this section can very easily be adapted to various use cases, it's just a matter of indicating that these patterns are not 'just for teachers'.

    1. This section suggests a number of useful questions for those starting a new project or wanting to relaunch a project.

    1. Discipline and Punish

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discipline_and_Punish This book, of course, could be a lens for studying virtual communities. It should be taken into account that Foucault himself later on changed his interpretation of the subject.

    2. Michel Foucault,
    3. Panopticon was the name for an ultimately effective prison,
  4. Oct 2019
    1. Latest comments from across the site are collected here.

      this link is broken!

    1. 5PH1NX: 5tudent Peer Heuristic for 1Nformation Xchange - we think of it as a “curiously trans-media” use case in peeragogical assessment.

      I'm not sure whether the beginning of the book is the right place for this. First of all, 5PH1NX is a horrible name - maybe people in edu institutions are used to this kind of naming, but others run away screaming. Second, this is about educational institutions. Peeragogy however is about society at large, including people who left school long ago and want to work with others in order to learn, independently from institutions.

    1. an active Google+ community, conveniently called Peeragogy in Action.

      should be replaced by groups

    2. Do you agree with Lisa?

      Good idea to ask input. In a print copy the handbook could have a blank space to scribble notes. Online Jupyter Notebook could be used... or annotation tools such as hypothes.is.

    3. Exercise: How do you see yourself fitting in?

      maybe a bit soon to ask this question, people still have to read the book...

    4. http://goo.gl/4dRU92

      no longer active what hapenedwhen google+ went down? was there a loss of content?

    5. https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/peeragogy

      yay, this one still is up and running

    6. https://plus.google.com/+PeeragogyOrgHandbook

      no longer active

    7. our live chat: https://gitter.im/orgs/Peeragogy/rooms

      no longer live? don't get access

    8. with us on Google+: https://plus.google.com/+PeeragogyOrgHandbook

      new link needed (to Zoom?)

    9. what is the relation between the PLN theory and practice and peeragogy?

    10. What are some of the things you’re concerned about that brought you here?

      Not really concerned, just wanting to have a good time with other learners.

    11. You can jot some keywords here:

      it reminds me of open source, with all the possibilities but also the hurdles, especially for non-technical people. (Once you're invited to collaborate on GitHub working with Markdown, there's already one big hurdle to take.)

    12. Workflow for the 4th edition

      needs more explanations. Not everyone is familiar with Markdown let alone LaTex.

    13. a spreadsheet under the heading “survey” in our Google Drive

      accessible by anyone? How? Where?

    1. “Peeragogy Accelerator”

      interesting idea but the link is broken

    2. I like online collaborative reading. How do we go from a 'book club' to a peer-to-peer learning community?

    1. Welcome to the Peeragogy Workbook!

      this seems to repeat in large part the previous page? not really a workbook?

    1. moved our most of our discussions to Google+

      what platform do they use now Google+ has died?

    2. hasn’t been schooled out of them
    3. All of the faculty and grad students at Berkeley dropped out of the project

      why would that have been? Maybe it wasn't useful in terms of 'credits'? Or do the 'powers that be' consider peer-to-peer learning as a threat to the academic business model?

  5. Jul 2019
    1. As Jon Udell consistently points out, annotation (and any tool) can only take off if/when it becomes a regular, essential part of people’s required activities. Currently, that mostly happens when teachers make annotation assignments and not that many teachers in higher education do so.

      This argument raises some harsh questions. If a product only catches on when people are forced to use it, there must be something wrong with the product.

  6. Apr 2019
    1. And the big danger is what happens when you can hack the brain and that can serve not just your healthcare provider, that can serve so many things for a crazy dictator.

      We went from looking for information by ourselves to search results, and from search results we will go to being fed answers by virtual assistants - who will be powerd even more by AI than the search engine.

  7. Mar 2019
    1. Twitter also has problems policing fake news and bots, but on Facebook, disinformation can be particularly hard to spot, as people tend to connect primarily with friends and family. Within these filter bubbles, clickbait, fake news and disinformation can spread rapidly and quietly with no one to fact-check them (this problem is even more extreme on WhatsApp, which Facebook acquired in 2014).

      So encrypted, decentralized networks could lead to even more hate speech and disinformation.

    1. It’s not only a big win for HP, but a big win for the Windows Mixed Reality (WMR) platform, which arrived with a bit of a thud, but now has a headset truly worthy of seriously competing with HTC and Oculus .

      I'm not sure whether it's such a big win for HP as the VR-market is still in a kind of infancy (for quite some time), but yes, it's an interesting alternative for VR-quality seekers.

  8. Oct 2017
    1. A File Structure for The Complex, The Changing and the Indeterminate T. H. Nelso

      Read also about the project Xanadu with a very interesting fragment of Herzog's movie Lo and Behold and some concrete work. More examples and illustrations can be found at The Xanadu Parallel Universe - even a 3D-example.

      Wikipedia has a great entry about Xanadu with links to criticisms and Nelson's commentary on the critique.

      Project Xanadu is not about putting every document and resource out there available for free. On the contrary, while being very flexible it wants more security and preserves the possibility for the maker of content to allow for granular and conditional access - also for allowing micro-payments (another pioneering idea of Ted Nelson)

    2. T. H. Nelso

      His homepage features a short video in which he explains and shows what his life is about.

      Also have a look at Xanadu's parallel universe with a number of concrete examples (one of them in a 3D-space)

    3. may help integrate, for human understanding, bodies of material so diversely connected that they could not be untangled by the unaided mind. For both logistic and psychological reasons it should be an important adjunct to imaginative, integrating and creative enterprises. It is useful where relationships are unclear; where contingencies and tasks are undefined and unpredictable; where the structures or final outcome it must represent are not yet folly known; where we do not know the file's ultimate arrangement; where we do not know what parts of the file are most important; or where things are in permanent and unpredictable flux. Perhaps this includes more places than we think. And perhaps here, as in biology, the only ultimate structure is change itself.

      if only computer sciences were presented in such a way - as being essential for creative projects - more youngsters would opt in for such an education

    4. Films, sound recordings, and video recordings are also linear strings, bas- ically for mechanical reasons. But theses, too, can now be arranged as non-linear systems-- for instance, lattices-- for editing purposes, or for display with dif- ferent emphasis. (This would naturally require computer control, using the ELF or a related system, and various cartridge or re-recording devices.) The hyperfilm-- a browsable or vari-sequenced movie-- is only one of the p~ssible hypermedia that require our attention.

      did such non-linear audio or video things exist at the time of writing this text?

    5. quite fascinating that Nelson envisions the emergence of not only hypertext but also hyperfilm

    6. evolutionary network files make me think of neural networks used in deep learning - the user does not need to be human

    7. is version control such as used in GitHub an adequate answer to the need Nelson describes in this text?

    8. Is this description of a 'trail' more like the description of what we nowadays call a 'link' or is it rather like the description of child nodes in a mindmap?

    9. It would be interesting to compare this with how Howard Rheingold writes his books. He is an avid user of tools such as Scrivener and DevonThink - in addition to various mindmap tools and TheBrain I guess.