- Sep 2020
legacy of poor Eve’s exile from Eden: the land shows the bruises of an abusive relationship. It’s not just land that is broken, but more importantly, our relationship to land.
This is an example of intertextuality, a connection/reference to the ancient story of Adam and Eve. Although "Skywoman Falling" is a contemporary text and does not influence the story of "Adam and Eve," this quote affects the way the reader may view the other story now. From an Indigenous perspective, Eve's exile is directly related to breaking a relationship to the land rather than to God (as many others would see). Another perspective is developed for the reader through this use of intertextuality.
Gary Nabhan has written, we can’t meaningfully proceed with healing, with restoration, without “re-story-ation.”
This is an example of allusion- Robin Kimmerer is referencing Gary Nabhan's literature known as "Food from the Radical Center" without directly naming the text. This book relates how we eat with stories of collaboration, calling on each of us to restore the nation's capacity to feed and nourish. This is a connection to the message behind "Skywoman Falling."
Western tradition there is a recognized hierarchy of beings, with, of course, the human being on top—the pinnacle of evolution, the darling of Creation—and the plants at the bottom
This is referenced to Scala Naturae. This is a concept that was derived mainly by Aristotle during the Middle Ages; a hierarchy of life based on perfection with "man on top". Clearly this Western tradition of thinking heavily contrasts traditional Indigenous perspectives on their relationship to plants and animals.