13 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2021
    1. Propaganda campaigns may be instituted either by the government or by one or more of the top media firms. The campaigns to discredit the government of Nicaragua, to support the Salvadoran elections as an exercise in legitimizing democracy, and to use the Soviet shooting down of the Korean airliner KAL 007 as a means of mobilizing public support for the arms buildup, were instituted and propelled by the government.

      Have absolutely loved this article content. Propaganda was also evident in the 2016US elections where social media was used to directly influence voters. Algorithms placed inciteful or suggestive articles and ads in front of people who were determined as open to being affected by propaganda.

    1. Marshall McLuhan was concerned with the observation that we tend to focus on the obvious. In doing so, we largely miss the structural changes in our affairs that are introduced subtly, or over long periods of time.

      Absolutely relevant to society now. It is a craft to be able to think about the message behind the message. Consumers taking things at face value is really the aim of media. Thinking about the intention of messaging, rather than focussing on the obvious, is the work of the receiver. This ability to interpret messages allows for different/deeper understanding or questioning and whether or not one engages with this seems to be behind a lot of societies debates. One needs to have comprehension of media literacy to engage with this.

  2. May 2021
    1. I) the size, concentrated ownership, owner wealth, and profit orientation of the dominant mass-media firms; (~) advertising as the primary income source of the mass media; (3) the reliance of the media on information provided by government, business, and "experts" funded and approved by these primary sources and agents of power; (4) "flak" as a means of disciplining the media; and (5) "anticommunism" as a national religion and control mechanism. These elements interact with and reinforce one another

      The five filters of the Manufacturing Consent.

    1. The medium is the message" tells us that noticing change in our societal or cultural ground conditions indicates the presence of a new message, that is, the effects of a new medium. With this early warning, we can set out to characterize and identify the new medium before it becomes obvious to everyone - a process that often takes years or even decades

      The effect of New Media that we must consider.

  3. Apr 2021
    1. The large media companies have also diversified beyond the media field, and non-media companies have established a strong presence in the mass media.

      This is very dangerous. Business is diversifying too big to get input into every aspect of life.

  4. Jun 2019
    1. Van Tuyl hopes she can help the students learn how to make informed decisions

      Can you share advice or tips for making informed decisions about the credibility of published information on the internet?

    2. More than 7,800 students in all the academic levels tested were presented with information in social media, news articles, and comments.

      How accurate or reliable do you think the data reported in this study is? Can we accept these findings?

  5. Apr 2019
    1. I guess it just goes to show us that media is not always honest. But hopefully it will get better.



  6. Jun 2018
    1. Before advertising became prominent, the price of a newspaper had to cover the costs of doing business. With the growth of advertising, papers that attracted ads could afford a copy price well below production costs.

      How does the flow of money influence "free" online courses? Can you think of contemporary examples of how the relationship between revenue stream might influence open online learning?


      Can you think of an example where size, ownership and profit orientation have influenced the message?

    3. following headings

      Examples of important questions to consider when evaluating the message.

    1. Putting the two together allows people to jump to the mistaken conclusion that, somehow, the channel supersedes the content in importance, or that McLuhan was saying that the information content should be ignored as inconsequential.

      In today's world of instant messaging, we should be vigilant of superficial or "popular" interpretations without consulting the original sources. What does this mean for our study of critical media literacy?

    2. McLuhan warns us that we are often distracted by the content of a medium (which, in almost all cases, is another distinct medium in itself.) He writes, "it is only too typical that the "content" of any medium blinds us to the character of the medium."

      I think this is the crux of the "message." For us utilizing OER as a "new medium" we should reflect on the "message" of what this means for society and culture. Keen to hear your thoughts by replying to this annotation.