67 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2016
    1. Without her more feminine qualities, Bernadette would not appeal to Howard, though without her intelligence and career, he could not be cared for as well as he is.

      Author highlights this text to prove a point.

    2. Situation comedies reflect the front edge of progressiveness in responding to so-cial changes, while at the same time re-inforcing the social norms pushing up behind them.

      making progress in equality and gender stereotypes.

    3. Since her intelligence poses a potential threat to Howard’s masculin-ity, Bernadette subsumes it in order to preserve gender expectations

      Female intelligence poses a threat. Why is that?

    4. roles are thrust upon her, she resists. Furthermore, she assumes a more traditional masculine role in that she is the breadwinner and the financial manager, which suggests her power in the relationship.

      Because she is the breadwinner she is depicted as being the dominant one in the relationship as well as more masculine.

    5. Though, she, too, retains an awkardness related to intelligence, she still attempts to normalize Sheldon into a more traditional, masculine role

      Key words "traditional" "Masculine" "awkwardness related to intelligence.

    6. Sheldon, whose intelligence frequently becomes his excuse for his social awkwardness

      Scientist depicted as awkward.

    7. Howard con-sistently expects her during their court-ship and engagement to take over roles his mother performed for him

      Male lead expects female to take over "roles his mother performed". Wants her to do housework.

    8. men exercised the power over the family, while women catered to supporting men’s needs.

      More stereotypes.

    9. Her naïvete is revealed through her mistakes in the lab, which border on potentially dangerous outcomes (such as crossing viruses) or on careless prac-tices (such as celebrating with contami-nated beakers). The comments evoke laughter about these mistakes, but an awkwardness about them remains.

      Female mistakes our often broadcasted through out the show as being comical or humorous.

    10. Bernadette’s career and achievements only get spo-ken of, and even then, those mentions usually bear some comedic implication

      Female success in show = comical

    11. One, these “comedic strategies” highlight social issues (Dow, “Femininity” 147). Two, while these strategies possess the potential to appear subversive or pro-gressive,

      Comedy in shows helps bring awareness of femininity and its social issues?

    12. Roles for female characters in early sitcoms were domestic ones, such as housekeeper and child care-taker as in I Love Lucy (1951–1957), The Brady Bunch (1969–1974), and Leave It to Beaver (1957–1963). These domestic restrictions limited the range of oppor-tunities and expression available in that these women received little power and supported others in their roles as wives and mothers (Dow, “Hegemony” 264).

      The Norm then; Still common now!

    13. Children’s programming further features scientists, such as Bill Nye The Science Guy. Steinke et. al ex-amined middle-schoolers’ responses to the scientists in these and other shows using traits such as “intelligence, domi-nance, alone, and respected”

      This falls under analysis because it shows stereotypes in tv. The show Bill Nye the science guy is a great example of stereotypical characters; he is depicted in the show as being alone, dominant, respected, intelligent, and awkward. This is frustrating because this is not the case for all scientist.

    14. The Big Bang Theory offers a unique moment to explore the representations of female scientists within the situa-tion comedy

      Intelligent females being represented in a good way.

    15. Still, this bringing forward of intel-ligence as a character type into fiction television makes for an interesting break with cultural attitudes toward intelli-gence in the United States
    16. The Big Bang Theory follows the expectations set up within other studies of female scientists in that neither Amy nor Bernadette bring together profes-sional and gender roles alongside their intelligence in empowered and progres-sive ways.

      Progress for intelligent women?

    17. Instead, their intelligence is not a feature that defines these characters for themselves, but in-stead functions as a means to attract and maintain the attention of their men


    18. The Big Bang Theory. While Bernadette remains inept in her job, she enjoys a somewhat more successful relationship with Howard

      Female that cant be both good at her job and relationship.

    19. For the gender roles, the intelligence as-sumes different functions for each one but toward the same end, ultimately


    20. For the professional, the intelligence offers some explana-tion for their achievements. In Berna-dette’s case, that intelligence becomes a question mark in part because even though she earns a high degree and gains a high-paying job, she rarely dem-onstrates any competence

      This may imply she got her degree and jobs through other ways.

    21. She also finds creative solutions to certain problems, such as using an electric toothbrush for handling sexual urges.

      Female lead is using her intelligence to be creative and is still shown in a comedic light.

    22. Since Amy becomes a mirror to Sheldon, she must be intelligent, but her showings of this intelligence can be awkward. F
    23. The concept cuts across identity categories, and it cuts across both professional and gender roles. Frequently, it becomes a point of humor, particularly when one character exercises it at the expense of another character, such as Sheldon over Penny or, perhaps more amusingly, such as anyone else over Sheldon.


    24. smart female characters “are celebrated for their intelligence and career success yet condemned for how they depart from traditional gender roles in their private lives” (122).

      Can we fix this? This is a poor representation of women.

    25. An intelligent female character never quite appears as a normal or wholly accepted part of the social scenes within a show, and her in-telligence, possibly with other qualities, prevents that acceptance.

      Why is that?

    26. Intelligent charac-ters exhibit similar characteristics, such as possessing multiple degrees, spout-ing obscure facts, announcing their intellects, exhibiting social awkward-ness or aversion, and even overusing logic
    27. For both Amy and Bernadette the gender role expectations occur outside work and within the domestic spaces of the various characters on the show
    28. Amy is expected to take care of Sheldon,

      Why is the female expected to do this?

    29. Less traditionally, the two establish a formal “boyfriend-girlfriend” relation-ship that is bound by a “relationship agreement,” which outlines the param-eters of their behaviors and expectations of each other. The agreement generally favors Sheldon

      Relationship is made easier for male by female.

    30. . She makes a special dinner just for Sheldon

      Female lead cooking. Gender stereotypes.

    31. Amy desires a more traditional relationship t

      Why does the female lead always desire a relationship?

    32. Bernadette also assumes a care-taker role, though the role sometimes becomes a competition with his mother.
    33. she is the breadwinner,

      Finally seeing more woman as the "bread winners" of the family/ relationship.

    34. The basis for her argu-ment comes back to her earning more money than Howard does


    35. ernadette reveals her disgust of children when she helps Howard with a magic show, and Howard actu-ally questions whether her dislike is a deal-breaker. Bernadette’s solution to the problem of child is an interesting one. She proposes Howard stay home and pull cereal out of noses and watch children’s television while she works and “has conversations with adults and enjoys her life.”

      Female lead fires back and asks male lead to take on responsibilities not normally handled by his own gender.

    36. e reveals his expectations of Bernadette quickly: doing his laundry, shopping for string cheese and detergent, and taking him to the dentist.

      Male assumes female is going to take over the housework responsibilities.

    37. On the one hand, the show represents four friends with careers, but on the other hand, the show features these women looking for long-term relationships

      Show depicts women looking for relationships and men with careers.

    38. men were cast as the breadwinners and women as the homemakers.


    39. Amy finds ways to undercut that superiority.

      Female lead fights back.

    40. Bernadette’s and Amy’s scientific careers set them up as suitable partners for their accomplished boyfriends, but these careers become fodder for the developments of their relationships.

      Important note pointed out by author.

    41. Her knowledge validates gendered behavior, but her achievements become catalysts for her own gendered behavior.

      Why is this?

    42. Amy’s career and achievements are more serious and carry more weight in that she appears in a lab setting,

      Female character is only recognized and taken seriously in her work space.

    43. Sheldon continues to assert the importance of followers on Twitter while he ignores Amy’s accomplishment

      Male character ignores accomplishments of strong female character.

    44. Her achievement, however, becomes a comedic catalyst for the episode’s remaining scenes.

      Female achievement is quick to be ridiculed.

    45. Amy shares that her single-author study has been accepted as the cover article in the key publication for her field—no small achievement in that it validates her work as a scientist.

      Strong female lead constantly has to prove herself for validation in her field.

    46. Both Bernadette and Amy earn rec-ognition for their achievements in their fields.

      Lead female characters are recognized.

    47. ven though Sheldon asserts his expertise in science and even in bi-ology, Amy quickly shows the gaps in his knowledge and abilities and asserts not only her expertise, but also her con-fidence in her work

      Strong female lead.

    48. Within this space she engages in activities related to scientific inquiry, such as slicing through brain specimens before examining them under a micro-scope. Sheldon critiques her brain slic-ing in “

      Male critiquing female.

    49. Throughout the entire series, Bernadette never appears in her own lab

      Why is this?

    50. Amy suggests that Bernadette’s catty responses are “hard wired” and cites studies that note how “flinging waste” is suitable behav-ior against a potential threat

      "Hard wired" Because shes a woman?

    51. Bernadette misses a key event because she remains under quarantine for possible yellow fe-ver because of drinking out of contami-nated petri dishes.

      Show finds a way to undermine female scientist by making her look moronic.

    52. When Howard questions her about the wisdom of doing so, she smiles hugely and de-nies it. The “scientific” explanations for her notable absences also become points of humor.

      Male character (Howard) is quick to question female scientist. Barnadette (female character) made into a laughing stock.

    53. At the same time, though, the hegemonic un-derpinnings suggest a development and reinforcement of these female scientists not as professionals but as through their expected gender roles.
    54. the situation comedy offers the opportunity to push the boundaries of these repre-sentations in terms of female scientists through their professional roles, their gender roles, and their intelligence.


    55. scientists were more likely to be male than female and were more likely to be white than of other ethnic groups

      Again with the stereotyping; Feminism and racism.

    56. fe-male scientists are represented as attrac-tive, stylish, and fashionable (39). What the the naïve expert lacks in knowledge she makes up for in appearance (Flicker 312). Among


    57. Female scientists also struggle to engage in romantic relation-ships. Flicker refers to the lonely hero-ine, or the woman who exhibits extreme competence in her work yet still suffers from the lack of recognition or romance (315–16). In the end, though, a female scientist only can succeed at home life or work life, but not both

      Being intelligent + Being a woman= Loneliness? No Romance? Cant succeed at home and work? I call bullshit.

    58. female scientists strug-gle to find equilibrium (Long et al. 359). These characters frequently fall in love with and marry male characters,

      Why is it mostly women that fall in love and get married?

    59. female scientists’ capabilities get downplayed while their ineptitude gets played up in professional settings, sometimes highlighting their lack of skills

      What does this teach young children? How does this affect younger generations?

    60. awkwardness,


    61. characters still failed to become as popular

      Is this because there not represented properly?

    62. exhibited features of intelligence but overall re-mained less attractive, sociable, or warm when compared to other television char-acters


    63. shows using traits such as “intelligence, domi-nance, alone, and respected”

      Are all these stereotypes necessary? Not all scientist are alone. So why do we portray most of them as being so.

    64. Within nonfiction program-ming, scientists often appear for their expertise, but not all programs or audi-ences respect that expertise.

      Can we trust them?

    65. While we might think that their increased use in news programs would affirm people’s views, instead, as their use in programs increases, the public trust in them de-clines

      Why is this so?

    66. Starting with the third and fourth sea-sons, The Big Bang Theory introduced more regular female characters as love interests for the main characters.

      Why are these women brought in this way?

    67. UNLIKE SCIENCE FICTION AND POLICE PROCEDURALS,the situation comedy genre historically has offered few, if any, represen-tations of female scientists.

      Why is this so?