17 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2017
    1. British capitalism was a cause rather than consequence of slave plantation development

      Britain's economy was developing greatly and due to the free work from slaves popular items were rapidly growing at an impressive rate. So Britain felt that there was actually no need to get rid of slaves they were working insane hours to get the job done and products available.

    2. While there was a growing taste for exotic stimulants and luxuries, consumers had little idea of the terrible human cost involved in their production.

      Every good thing comes with a price as shown here these stimulants such as tobacco or sugar come with price. These slaves that work on these plantations we've learned are put through the hardiest conditions with a shorter life expectancy.

  2. May 2017
    1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be based only on common utility.

      If all men are born and remain free and in equal rights why wasn't the 3rd estate given a right to be heard. The 3rd estate had to leave and become their own National Assembly which is where the Tennis Court Oath was created. This excerpt number 1 only gives equal rights to rich men, men that are allowed to vote have a voice and be heard.

    2. The representatives of the French people, constituted as a National Assembly

      National Assembly believed in equal rights for all men but, they also wanted to create a Constitutional Monarchy and in doing so they killed multiple people to reign in Revolutionary fervor.

    1. A particularly contentious issue in the 1780s was that of slavery.

      Although yes, slavery was still a huge part of France their were members of the National Assembly who believed slavery should be abolished. Fortunately when Napoleon tried to reinstitute slavery he failed and it was abolished in 1794.

    1. Most people in France, men and women alike, believed that a woman's place was in the home, not in the public sphere.

      Citizens during this time believed women did not belong in political views but rather at home. France during this time was about freedom for all people but women were still being recognized as a weaker inferior to men. Men of this time especially ones that held power believed women didn't have the intellectual right to be able to make decisions regarding political issues.

    1. The Greeks imprisoned in the cave of the Cyclops lived there very tranquilly, while they were awaiting their turn to be devoured.

      This saying at the end of the passage is a mere symbolic meaning of his entire excerpt in regards to slavery. Rousseau is comparing the Greeks to slaves and Cyclops to the Monarchy system and slave owners of that time. Rousseau is saying even if the Greeks (slaves) lived in imprisonment peacefully, they can never get away from the fact someone owns them because their ministers troublesome conduct is unavoidable.

    2. Even if each man could alienate himself, he could not alienate his children: they are born men and free; their liberty belongs to them, and no one but they has the right to dispose of it.

      Rousseau seems to be angry in this excerpt although in my last excerpt we have covered the fact he is against slavery his policies are Democratic and based in belief every man should be free. I feel as though Rousseau is that if a child is born from a slave that child is born free and has his rights and liberties. No person should have the right to isolate a child from rights they are entitled too. This is also why Rousseau believes so strongly in the democratic view point.

    3. Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains. One thinks himself the master of others, and still remains a greater slave than they.

      Looking at this excerpt alone one realizes that Rousseau's values and policies are still very much in effect today. Rousseau believes yes, man is born free but, man is shackled in chains whether he be a slave or a man shackled in symbolic chains. Rousseau is stating when "one thinks himself the master of others," will always fail until we learn Democracy and true meaning to be free.

    1. If this resembles the poverty of Christ and St. Peter, it is a new sort of resemblance.

      This is interconnected throughout the passage "he wears a triple crown, whereas the mightiest kings only wear one crown." The Pope is suppose to be the face of religion but he's so concerned with other things which are not the duties or responsibilities that Christ or St. Peter passed down.

    2. It is a distressing and terrible thing to see that the head of Christendom, who boasts of being the vicar of Christ and the successor of St. Peter, lives in a worldly pomp that no king or emperor can equal, so that in him that calls himself most holy and most spiritual there is more worldliness than in the world itself.

      This quote is saying its a terrible thing that the Pope head of Christianity gloats to his people about being the right hand man to Christ and St. Peter. But the Pope is so concerned with power and being all mighty that he must continuously have the most power.

    3.   Whenever there is any pretence of fighting the Turks, they send out some commission for collecting money, and often send out indulgences under the same pretext of fighting the Turks.

      Church believes that just because the Germans allowed the Pope to claim income from them due to the protection of Christendom from the Turks that its a consist thing. Church is saying just because we want to protect our religion we need your money anytime a presence of fighting is upon us. Finally the Germans had enough later on turning to Lutherism.

    4. They lie and deceive, form and make covenants with us, of which they do not mean to keep one jot. And all this is done in the holy name of Christ and St. Peter.

      The church is lying to the Germans to collect their money for this fight. The money gives the church power over the Germans but the church is claiming this is Christ and St. Peters will but in reality its the church wanting money and claiming the upper hand over Germany until they've had enough and figured them out.

    1. Excommunications are only external penalties and they do not deprive man of the common spiritual prayers of the Church.

      Men and women who are excommunicated of the church are not dammed to Hell by God. Excommunications are religious and political they stood up to the church by the churches power and political standpoint they didn't like it resulting in an excommunication. It is also not God's will for them to give up religion like the church says because they want their religion to be the only one in power.

    2. That heretics be burned is against the will of the Spirit.

      This could tie in with politic and religion but on the religion side heretics were being burned at the stake which against the Spirt is a sin to God. But, the church had control of the Bible and of they could transfer God's meaning which meant that men such as John Hus and John Wyclif were burned at the stake unable to call out the church and complete their mission.

    3. Indulgences are pious frauds of the faithful, and remissions of good works; and they are among the number of those things which are allowed, and not of the number of those which are advantageous.

      This ties with politics because the church used its political power to sell these indulgences. The church at this moment was become a fraud by charging these "good people" money for indulgences that they haven't earned. This is controversial because the church was using the power to build up the church on the citizens money while telling them they'll go right to Heaven which began problems with Luther.

    4. Christians must be taught to cherish excommunications rather than to fear them.

      This ties in with religion and also somewhat with politics due to the factor of excommunication. This passage communicates what Luther set out to accomplish standup to the church and their corrupt unjust ways. Luther stood by what he believed in and cherishing that excommunication which gave us Lutheranism.