50 Matching Annotations
  1. Dec 2016
  2. techwritingf16.robinwharton.net techwritingf16.robinwharton.net
    1. whereas women are more likely to exercise or integrate a principle of caring (1982, 1987).

      I agree with Gilligan's claim about men and women. Mostly because women are naturally nurturing and more caring individuals than men. Women tend to practice ethics of care. They take into consideration what they are doing and how it could affect them and others before doing it.

    2. Is This Ethical

      The title intrigues readers before even reading the article to get their gears going. This question alone gives the reader a taste of what the article will entail, but what it will mean through a readers eyes based off what ethical is.

    3. thus to gain insight on their thinking as well as their actions.

      I think that what Dragga was trying to prove doesn't really work here. Because, he wanted to gain insight on men and women's thinking and actions but, I believe the only way to actually gain insight on what a person thinks is ethical or unethical is to observe their actions in everyday life. Their thinking my change as well as their actions but simply taking a survey doesn't completely measure the statistics properly.

    4. The pilot testing, however, also revealed that students were tentative in judging the seven situations, preferring “mostly ethical” or “mostly unethical” as their answers, whereas the majority of professional communicators chose either “completely ethical” or “completely unethical” as their answers.

      This relates back to my initial argument about how different types of people would rate ethical and unethical situations, and also supports it.

    5. “Truthfulness requires that although we condense technical data, we should not misrepresent them to our audience

      This is a good point to make. This reminds me of how there are a lot of writers, photojournalist, and videograhpers that have the ability to edit and view their content before the general public can see it. Being the public, we view what these people put out and take it at face value. While for all we know the writers, photojournalists and videographers can edit these pieces of work taking away its truthfulness. There was a report of this doing during the afghan war with a photojournalist who edited a photo for TIME Magazine. The journalist said that the photo didn't convey the right message about the war. He edited the photo so much from the original that it conveyed a different message.

    6. prospective employer asks job applicants for a one-page resume. In order to include a little more information on your one page, you slightly decrease the type size and the leading (i.e., the horizontal space between lines). Is this ethical?

      I found this question a bit humorous because although it may be unethical, I have done this. My current resume is in font 8 while the title is in about a 12 or a 14. I feel like the answers to this questions would vary depending on the level of experience. If you ask a high school student they would probably think why would someone even decrease the font in the first place due to the lack of experience and the need to have a bigger font to fill a page. Whereas a recent college graduate is going to say no because they want to fit all their experience for their future employer to think they are well-rounded. For a seasoned professional they may answer this question saying 5. That doing something like this is completely unethical because they have enough valid experience to fill their resume at a font 12.

    7. Editor’s Note:

      This note from the editor makes me question the upcoming reading. This statement, while it is necessary, makes the author seem less credible due to these mistakes.

  3. techwritingf16.robinwharton.net techwritingf16.robinwharton.net
    1. Icons, simply because they are pictorial, are neither necessar­ily easy to interpret nor interpreted uniformly. Consequently, consider the following strategies w'hen using icons.

      This excerpt reminds me of emoticons and emojis. On different monitors the emoticons and emojis literally convey different expressions to the viewers and readers. On Apple products the emoticon that is expressing what can be conveyed as happiness on android and other brands of products that same emoticon is expressed as what would be sought out as an angry expression. This is important to remember when considering using emoticons and other icons because their intentional use may be misconstrued conveying a very different message.

    2. Figure 8. Visuals are much better suited than text to convey non-linear— especially hierarchical —relationships

      Figure 8 advises to use visuals rather than text. An example of this would be to use charts to display statistics or values of money rather than sentences full of numbers. This will not intimidate the viewers and readers. Allowing them to completely understand what the writer is intending to convey.

    3. In our efforts to ensure that text is readable, wre can draw on knowledge gained from literally hundreds of years of practice in the art of typography as w-7ell as recent research that specifically addresses the special typograph­ical challenges posed by the comparatively low7 resolution of today’s computer screens.

      Thinking back to the service learning project... I created a Mailchimp tutorial guide but typed it using the font Comic Sans. This text was readable but, if I were to have done my research I would have found that this font is not a good one to use at all for professional documents. This has been recorded from other professionals in the past and this particular information is easily accessible.

    4. pool (1999), Nielsen (2000), and a number of other contem­porary observers of Web user behavior argue that Web site visitors don’t actually read continuous text but simply skim a site’s content

      This has been discussed many times when working on site based assignments in class this semester. This is helpful information because as anyone now a day's with any type of site is somewhat of a technical writer and this information is important when including large blocks of text. Most people today do not have that much time on their hands to read large blocks of text. So taking that into consideration will allow a writer to save not only their time but maximize their viewer/readers experience.

    5. Elements that are visually grouped (see Figure 4) will likely be perceived as “associ­ated” with one another.

      I found this sentence interesting because in a past classroom lecture we learned about how words, pictures or even symbols can be grouped in such a way that they can convey a single message. When discussing creating the info graphic just before election time we saw perfect example of how this statement can be described and explained.

    6. 383

      In 1.1. it discusses making sure that the visual elements displayed are large enough to be seen and interpreted. While working on the service learning client packet this was heavily discussed when making suggestions for the site update for LOLC. On that particular webpage we took notice that the visual elements being the pictures. The photos throughout this site were all stock photos. In relation to this article the stock photos are being interpreted as not personal and they don't give a genuine feel to the day care than if it were to display actual photos that were taken at the day care.

    7. Finally, it’s important to acknowledge in the design of information to be displayed on a screen that screens differ from pages in some very fundamental ways. Screens, for example, may be smaller than pages, at least in the sense that they often display fewer lines of type than a typical paper page. Screens are also customarily oriented differ­ently than paper—they are typically wider than they are tall. The images displayed on screens are also often more crude than those printed on paper, and, unlike paper, screens transmit light rather than reflect it

      I found this important to take into consideration when beginning to create the personal profile. Accessibility is the major key to making a display screen that will differ to its pages. When creating a web page this should be remembered. As a designer you are going to want to make it so that your viewer will be able to see the display as it was originally intended to on any device or screen. The interpretation as mentioned earlier may be off.

    8. 1.2 Avoid “busy” or distracting backgrounds.

      This was discussed in class and was suggested when creating our personal profiles. I have learned that the bright backgrounds need contrasting colors so that they are not so harsh to the eye. Or even because taking into consideration that there are people with color blind disabilities so making it a color that will be visible and appealing to every eye is important when choosing a background.

  4. Nov 2016
    1. If you’re including text in your design, it’s likely that you have something important to communicate. Readability becomes an important quality to look for in a font to make sure your message comes across. How can you tell whether a typeface is readable, other than your own visual assessment?

      I agree that readability becomes an important quality to look for in a font. When reading this I immediately thought of butting a small bright font in front of a bright colored background. The message may get across but not have the same impact on the viewer because of its readability.

    2. Font choices often set the tone for the whole design and can influence viewers’ feelings toward and interactions with your design

      I think this is something that may come across as obvious to a designer but at the same time how can your font choice determine what feelings a viewer may have? Of course, if you are using a dark thick lined type face it may promote seriousness but will that come through the page and onto the viewer?

    3. The typeface is the design; the font is how that design is delivered. typeface + style + size = font A font is what you use; a typeface is what you see.

      This is very refreshing because I figured that they were just interchangeable words.

    4. 1) Serif: Serif fonts have little “feet” or lines attached the ends of their letters. They’re generally thought to look more serious or traditional.2) Sans-Serif: “Sans-serif” literally means “without serif” — these fonts don’t have the extra lines on the ends of letters. For that reason, they’re generally thought to look more modern and streamlined.Though this point is often debated, it’s commonly said that serifs make long passages (in print) easier to navigate visually, helping move your eyes along the lines of text. However, because serifs are usually small and thin, they often don’t display as well on pixel-based screens (looking distorted and “noisy” rather than clear and crisp), so many designers favor sans-serif fonts for web use, especially at small sizes.3) Script: Scripts are what we might think of as cursive- or handwriting-style fonts. They generally have connecting letters. You’ll find that script fonts come in many different styles, from elegant, to fun and casual, to hand-drawn.4) Decorative / Display: When you hear a font categorized as decorative, display, or novelty, it all means the same thing — that font is meant to get your attention. They’re often more unusual than practical and should only be used in small doses and for a specific effect or purpose.

      All these different specific types of fonts can be dictated to help intrigue the reader of a webpage. As a technical writer you have the ability to manipulate different fonts helping the reader engage in multiple ways. This is reminds me of the last article I read on universal design. When it comes to fonts there is a specific most used font that being serif, which can can considerably be font's universal design.

    5. That seems a world away from our point-and-click, instant world of digital design. But it really wasn’t too many years ago that a font would have been known as a specific set of movable metal type — rather than a funny name in software program’s drop-down menu.Although our design methods have come a long way, sometimes navigating the modern process of choosing and using fonts can seem almost as difficult and complicated as the good old days of metal typesetting and printing presses. So if you’ve ever felt a little lost when it comes to fonts, then you’re in the right place.This guide is designed to offer a comprehensive overview of fonts: their different categories, how to choose them, how to use them, and even where to find free font downloads.

      This article seems beneficial to not only our service learning project, where we are learning to make everything user friendly in every aspect and also our professional profiles.

  5. Oct 2016
    1. While we agree UD is an unachievable goal, we would argue that the goal itself is problematic and ultimately inadequate to the continuously evolving situation of not only the inclusion of more and more disabled/extraordinary/eccentric bodies into “normal” society but also the ever-shifting ableness of any body as it moves toward inevitable failure.

      I also agree that that UD is not achievable. This will be a large cost for all businesses to make everything have a universal design. This also will not allow any room for error anywhere in the world. This unrealistic goal will create a uniformed design that will make society boring quite complicated to say the least.

    2. but sometimes existing technology can be inadequate

      This backs up my claim that the need for people is still a necessity.

    3. Dominika Bednarska, for instance, examines how voice recognition software for the visually impaired could be seen to eliminate the need for assistants and note-takers

      I believe that Bednarska may have made a good observation but on the other hand technology does sometime fail and it does sometimes need to be updated, which does take time. Creating a need for the assistants and note-takers. Will it become a dying profession because of the technology possibly?

    4. RICK: As a disabled academic reflecting on the intersections between Universal Design and Digital Humanities, I make two claims: 1. Universal Design and the resistance to digital tools both posit a universal subject; and 2. DH needs to balance its embrace of UD with further attention to the particulars of embodied experience.

      This will be an interesting read. Here, you have a disabled academic who may be able to interpret first hand how he uses and understands universal design with his claims.

    5. As a hearing person who does not know much ASL, I find it intriguing that a commentary section on the topic of audism or “audiocentric privilege” does not provide a link to a PDF that I can read in written English (perhaps one might appear in the future).

      Way to contradict that initial claim that UD is a myth. He complains about not being able to read the document in written English but it wasn't created for people with out disabilities...

    6. Deaf Studies Digital Journal


      this website is truly amazing. It has widgets of videos of people using sign language to help navigate through out the site. Technology like that should embody every site for all deaf web users.

    7. I’d say UD is a motivating fiction or tantalizing impossibility: unicorn, Holy Grail, earthly Paradise, whatever.

      Jonathan is really not here for Universal Design his rhetoric is quite comical in the way that he uses comparisons for it(UD). It seems as if the more you read his claim is becoming for opinion based vs. factual even with his citations being included in the text.

    8. In my thoughts on Universal Design (UD) as a nondisabled person engaged with disability theory and Deaf culture, I make two counter-intuitive claims: 1. UD is a myth; and 2. Inaccessibility can be socially productive.

      When Jonathan states that "UD is a myth..." I look forward to seeing what he means by this claim.

    1. Both of these technologies are extremely useful for people who are disabled, but they are used for the most part by people who are not.

      How can companies who own these products market more toward people who are disabled and are in more need of the product rather than having people are not disabled make the most use out of the product?

    2. Blind computer users, for example, have no use for a screen, and they most often use an interface that is either tactile, in the form of refreshable braille devices, or audible, in the form of screen-reading software or digital books.

      Inventors should considering creating some type of new technology that allows blind users to be able to use screens such as apps. There are thousands of apps for tablets and Ipads out there it would be very useful and maybe cheaper to innovate a braille refresher that somehow is used by an actual screen.

    3. “Crowdsourcing” is a term coined by Jeff Howe in 2006 to describe online projects that make use of free or extremely inexpensive labor provided by “enthusiasts” around the world who are interested in donating their time to a project that interests them.

      The word crowd sourcing was familiar to me but made me have to go research it just to be certain of what it was exactly. An example I pulled from the internet was how Lays chips had a campaign to help "Do them a Flavour" where millions of participants came up with chip names for free and then Lays picked their favorites and then the people voted ultimately ending in Lay's reaping the reward of the ultimate goal of branding their new flavor of chips with a awesome new name.

    4. Compatibility with mobile devices is important because an increasing number of people are using such devices to access the web.

      Here is an article I found on adults in 2015 and how often they accessed the WWW using their mobile devices and what else they were using them for:(http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/04/01/us-smartphone-use-in-2015/)

    5. However, not all designers are aware of how their choices affect accessibility.

      But, isn't that the goal here? To help make things more easy and accessible for people with disabilities ? Why would they not be aware of their choices.

    6. This image would be invisible to sighted users, but those listening to the page with screen-reading software—which reads aloud the alt attributes of images embedded in an HTML page—could use that GIF as their cue to jump past what they did not need to hear in order to get to the information that they did want to hear.

      George Willams really out did himself here. This is very innovative for a web article. The creators took into consideration all modes on this layout and for all people with all disabilities. In a way, as morbid as this may seem I wish I has an impairment so I could experience this because I think it is fantastic.

    7. In addition to being compatible with desktop computers, laptops, smart phones, and tablet devices, the materials we create should also work well with such tools as refreshable braille displays, digital talking book devices, screen reader applications, and screen magnification software.

      I see this as a market that hasn't been tapped into just yet. I am sure that there is an abundance of money to be made in the industry that assists with making technology for the disabled. Why hasn't anyone thought of creating refreshable braille displays; language does change everyday.

    8. All technology is assistive, in the end.

      I think this sentence is a little redundant in the sense that we know technology assists us with tasks already...

    9. the words were spoken by the synthesized voice that came from her laptop’s speakers.

      I am actually interested in hearing what this would sound like. Only because sometimes, when technology has the ability to read to you it sounds a lot like technology and a lot less like a human being.

  6. Sep 2016
  7. techwritingf16.robinwharton.net techwritingf16.robinwharton.net
    1. "The Problem of Speech Genres,"Bakhtin (1986) provided his most thorough exploration of issuesrelated to the stability as well as questions related to the trans-formativity or instability of genres. Bakhtin's concept of genre wasintricately linked to his dialogic understanding of language and hisrefusal to accept the Saussurean division between langue and paroleand the consequent attempt to create a rule-governed science oflanguage.

      The full pdf of Bakhtin's writting - "The Problem of Speech Genres"(https://livelongday.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/bakhtinspeechgenres.pdf)

    2. Miller's redefinition of genre goes a long way in helping us theorizeabout perceived recurrent ways of using discourse.

      how to use communication effectively.

    3. taxonomic
    4. Further, neither he nor other members of the collegewere aware of how much record keeping the students actually did orof how the record-keeping system might be influencing the faculty'steaching and evaluation practices and thus students' learning andliteracy

      Here, you can see the possibilities of why students are having literacy problems be examined more closely.

    5. forced to compress vast amounts of information into their courses.

      This sentence supports my argument that their is a reason students aren't comprehending and communicating efficently. This could be a possible reason why there is an apparent literacy problem among college students.

    6. I'm appalled by the techniques students use in answering questionson exams. I don't know if they are unable to write on exams or if it's theway they have been trained.

      Maybe we can take into consideration that the students are having trouble comprehending certain materials because of the way they are being taught. Their lack of communication skills are stemming from somewhere...

    1. Right now, as a field, our knowl-edge space is too small, and our academic knowledgespace (what we teach) is definitely too small and confining

      What about the field of technical writing is confining? Is it the fact that it expands much more slowly compared to other fields or is it that the technical communicators are lacking the knowledge to do so to help its expansion.

    2. Twenty years after the introduction of desktop pub-lishing,


      Here is an explanation of what exactly desktop publishing is.

    3. Missing is our overall examination and synthe-sis of how that research and discipline movement willaffect technical communication as a discipline in both theshort (three to five years) and longer terms.

      This quotation seems to have no faith in the future of technical communication. Through the years technical communication has evolved and will continue to do so throughout the years to come as technology advances and writers enhance their tech com skill sets.

    4. STC Annual Conference,

      The Summit in Technical Communication is a conference for all technical writers to join in DC in the month of may to discuss, unveil, and demonstrate new products and services in the world of Technical Communication. (http://summit.stc.org/)

    5. claimed that it was very important that it be perfect and thatit must be written in case someone sometime wanted it

      This brings me to think of the user manuals in the electronics and other household items the majority of us own in this day in age. It seems as the time goes on less and less individuals are actually paying attention to the written text provided although the writers spend a large amount of time perfecting their work. It makes me think why someone would want to become a credible writer but yet not have their work read as often.

    6. One issue that needs to be clarified is the differencebetween tools and technology.

      Throughout time I believe that these two words "tools" and "technology" have become interchangeable much like synonyms. Technology is a tool especially for tech writers, of course.

    7. n tandem withthis expansion, the fundamental methods of

      What are these fundamental methods being used?