136 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2018
    1. theory and practice

      their academic preparation and their employment experience?

    2. problem

      Do you feel like your passion connects to your dissertation in any way?

    1. Nearly 3 out of 4 classrooms in the United States include at least one English language learner. However, less than 1/3 of teachers who have an English language learner in their classroom feel prepared to effectively teach these students and only about 12%  of our nations’ teachers have the education to teach ELLs in their regular classroom as required by law

      This is so close to a statement of the problem. What bad thing(s) happen(s) because this is true? That's the problem.

    1. As the NMELRC report suggests, we cannot leave the fate of our national security and international relations to luck.

      You can cast this problem in several ways. As an educational problem, as a national security problem, etc. The way you choose to talk about it will influence which literature is in and out of scope and which potential solutions might actually solve the problem.

    2. The problem is, however, that what funding was available to help programs grow and help send more students to the Middle East began to dry up with the U.S.A. budget sequestration of 2013

      If there's so much demand, why is there a difficulty with funding? Why can't the people who actually have the demand provide the funding. There's no problem funding the creation of pizza near college campuses, where there's demand for pizza.

    1. determine whether or not my beliefs concerning the lack of flow and the abundance of anxiety and boredom in classrooms is universal.

      And if they do exist, do they exist for the reasons you think they exist? (For example, is the overall curriculum just so far detached from real life that there's no way to make it sufficiently engaging?)

  2. Aug 2017
    1. Defining Open Textbooks

      I was hoping that this page would include a definition of open textbooks, but it does not. While it discusses "open" it never explicitly discusses "textbook." It comes closest when it suggests that only things that can be downloaded as PDF or ePub are textbooks. An explicit statement about what a textbook is, particularly in the context of open textbooks, would be very helpful to those trying to understand the difference between OER and open textbooks.

  3. Dec 2016
    1. A modern Food Bank of learning.

      Nice metaphor. Really well done.

    2. answer a questions


    3. ontent hog of adaptivity


    4. partially from that hungry place of wanting to prove the value of Open

      This is another great insight and is totally true.

    5. this was idea


    6. n reality, there are powerful selfish motivations at play.

      This is a great insight. I hope you continue thinking about and extending it.

    7. no


    8. Such a ranking could inform the creation and archiving of OER, such that any topic has a ready-made rich collection of ranked resources, scores deep categorically.


    9. large


    10. the cost to provide it

      There's the cost to provide, and then there's the markup necessary to return rewards to investors and shareholders.

    11. common sense

      I find this phrase to be politically loaded and dangerous. Is there an alternative phrasing you could use here?

    12. thousands of children

      This is similar to the ideas of a "statistical life" and an "identified life." See http://www2.toulouse.inra.fr/lerna/treich/VSL.pdf

    13. (instead of food)

      Move this phrase after the word resources.

    1. We harm each other.

      This is the core issue. Do we actually harm others when we engage in these practices? I'm not persuaded we do.

    2. today

      Two todays in this sentence.

    3. It’s safety to explore, share, experiment, and negotiate life with confidence, with minimal risk 

      The environment here has been structured so that what would otherwise be a failure of significant consequence is a failure of no consequence (the water runs through the floor). What is the educational equivalent of this environmental structuring?

    4. or entry-level college course

      number mismatch

    5. The prevalence of E1S1 will rise and fall in individual bodies, but remember: it’s not about the battles; it’s about the war. If you want to pick a winner, pick a virus. This one’s worth spreading.

      I like this line of reasoning. I think epidemiology is an interesting lens through which to look at the spread of the open meme.

    6. Diffusing them can concentrate them in surprisingly powerful ways

      There are myriad ways in which openness is counter-intuitive like this. It fills me with happiness.

    7. problems

      You might update this to include a nod toward the problem of "fake news" that society is only starting to deal with after the most recent election.

    8. experts

      I think one of the great things SO does is blur our notion of an "expert." In a more traditional setting, an expert would be someone with a PhD. In SO, an expert is someone who knows the answer to your question, and you literally don't care how they gained that little slice of expertise. It may be the only one they have! But as long as it's the one you need, they're an expert to you, on that topic, on that day.

    9. side-step the game altogether

      This is the strategy that is ultimately going to succeed, and not just in textbooks - in the capitalist market more generally. We should talk about this over lunch sometime.

    10. I never said we should fight.

      But you did say we should cultivate our gardens...

    11. I pointed out last week

      Update this to refer to where this content occurs in this article?

    12. life you spent on it

      Or your increased exposure to life. Another semester spent retaking that class is another semester your car can brake down, your mom can get sick, etc.

    13. borrowing

      I know I've been on you about language this term. Let me continue that theme. What is the risk of lending / borrowing? That the precious item your friend borrowed won't be returned, right? Even here we are trapped in the language and assumptions of private goods, both rival and excludable, when we need language to talk about public goods, both nonrival and nonexcludable. It's a giant pain in the neck to constantly monitor your language against traces of private goods mentality slipping through, but it's a discipline that's necessary to do "this" well.

    14. He doesn’t really say why.

      Zane, this is wonderfully rich. It reminds me of the scene near the end of The Two Towers, where Theoden declares that they will indeed open the doors and join the Battle of Helm's Deep, despite knowing that they are going to their certain deaths. I cried the first time I saw it. Of course I had read it before, but something about seeing it dramatized brought it home to me. Why will people accept these challenges? Why will they fight for a losing cause? It inspired me more deeply than I can say. I appreciated a similar sentiment toward the end of Dr Strange, during the conversation with Dormmamu. D says "You can't win," and Dr Strange replies, "No. But I can lose. Again. And again. And again. Forever."

      We must cultivate our gardens.

    15. grass on the other side of the fence was greener

      Can't miss the opportunity to share this with you - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9VwQ_uUhpI Make sure to listen to the song with speakers or headphones that will let you hear the bass.

    16. *Gulls are the most gullible of birds, by definition.

      I would move this up and do it parenthetically.

    17. content

      Y, I had to read this 4 or 5 times to get that I was supposed to but the accent on the second syllable and not the first. Too much "open content" context overshadowing here. :)

    18. the

      I already mentioned how jealous I am of these chapter headings - I wrote ones like them for my dissertation but my chair didn't consider them sufficiently scholarly...

    1. However, some educators may choose to eat their apples as apples because they don’t want to put in the effort to bake a pie or, worse, they doubt their abilities as a baker and are discouraged before they even begin.

      This issue of faculty capability and confidence is another critical one. I'm so glad you highlighted it for us.

    2. Let’s view the apples as open educational resources, one ingredient that has potential to become an apple pie if you add in some effort and a few extra ingredients. If you eat them as they are, they are still delicious and that’s great. But with a recipe and some help from a friend (maybe a colleague who has already implemented open pedagogy in their own classroom), they can become something even greater.

      This was one of my favorite insights of the semester. I love this analogy.

    3. they can be used for more

      than... A little more explanation here would be helpful.

    4. (bold as found in the original text)

      Same as above.

    5. textbook, and other course materials, is tailored

      textbook and other course materials are tailored

    6. the property license

      the intellectual propety license

    7. as being of

      to be

    8. It took me and my mom a few bad haircuts along the way to find it, but it all worked out.

      I think there's a great analogy to be made here that you aren't explicitly making. Perhaps faculty's first experience with OER won't be terrific. Maybe they'll hit a few bumps in the road along the way to finding OER that work for them and their students.

    9. (bold added by me)

      This is normally written as (emphasis added) and goes at the end of the quote.

    10. one area where costs can be cut

      one area where professors can cut costs

    11. try adding on the stress of meeting your basic needs while not racking up insanely large amounts of debt

      Particularly when all your peers already 4 of 5 years of practice balancing these stresses out and they were new to you.

    12. education is a predictor of mortality

      Phrased this way it makes it sound like more education increases likelihood of death?

    13. If we were truly rational, would our decisions change?

      If we were truly rational, how would our decisions change?

    14. A summary

      Start with a complete sentence? :) It would be nice to include a little affective piece here as well, not just what you learned but also something about how your attitude or feelings changed. This would serve to interest / hook the reader and give them some motivation to dive in.

    1. to go wheels up

      Without the broader context of the airplane analogy this phrase is difficult to interpret.

    2. commons resource

      I'd say "a resource in the commons"

    3. comfort

      I get where you're coming from here. This "open" thing, which seems so radical, is actually kind of mature.

    4. a scholarship

      Redundant - you already said "a scholarship" earlier in the sentence.

    5. powerful

      I like this sentence. I'd suggest keeping it :)

    6. small scholarship

      I think you mean when they're assigned OER instead of TPM? Make that more explicit.

    7. but what the teacher does with the resource. 

      ... that makes the difference? Seems to trail off here.

    8. abut


    9. for

      Y, sounds like a fragment.

    10. rising

      Coming off the boat story it feels like there's a rising tide reference that wants to be made here.

    11. platter


    12. and personally attacked.

      and feeling personally attacked. (They weren't attacking you personally in these articles, right?

    1. First

      Yes. Maybe "Before I begin this next section, I want to..."

    2. let’s look backward and forward and really try to understand

      Spoken like a history teacher. :)

    3. other free or cheap products or services

      It's an interesting exercise to look at why these are free or cheap. Some are ad supported. Some are publicly funded. Others a directly funded but at very low cost per user...

    4. grow

      Agreed - this feels like it's trying to be a transition, but it isn't.

    5. copyrights

      The copyright licenses they have created... (They didn't create copyrights)

    6. creative commons

      I've noticed this a couple of times. Creative Commons should be capitalized.

    7. “intellectual property”. It’s too bad too because it has made us rather self-centered and greedy.

      Has IP made us greedy, or did we create the idea of IP because we were already greedy?

    8. Open and Distance Learning in education

      I wouldn't include this in the list of examples. "Open" here means something very different.

    9. Is a student going to receive higher returns on investment having paid more for that book?

      We're not trained to think about textbooks this way. It's important that we all start thinking this way.

    10. 4

      Make sure to include the link to all the articles you reference if there's a free - to - read version available online.

    11. Reducing textbook costs could get more students into more classes, could reduce the time needed to graduate, could decrease the number of withdrawn and dropped courses, and could put more money into the economy as it is unlikely that students would save the money not spent on textbooks, it will most likely be used for food, entertainment, school supplies, or personal necessities

      This paragraph is a single run on sentence! :)

    12. Recent studies

      If you want to keep the reference here in a footnote, I would move it to the end of this sentence. Otherwise it feels like this is a claim made with no source to back it up.

    13. supply and demand

      Isn't it more of a competition effect you're talking about?

    14. the

      I think it's important to bracket or contextualize these links somehow. They're not research-based, right?

    15. certain

      Are you sure this is true, or assuming it's true?

    16. often

      Are you sure this is true, or assuming it's true?

    17. recent studies

      Again, a link here?

    18. Horace Mann

      Since we're working in hypertext, maybe link to the sources of these quotes?

    19. This chapter discusses the importance of education, defines OER, and discusses some of the issues that surround them. My goal of this chapter is to educate readers on the possibilities of OER while persuading them to promote and support the open movement.

      Nice signposting here.

    20. Education or learning is extremely important

      These are quite difference things, education and learning. This open sentence feels like you're hedging. Make a commitment here?

    1. References

      I see now that you've included these links at the bottom. I'd suggest either making them links in the text directly, or giving a more standard in text citation - like Wiley (2012) claims... - so that readers can anticipate this list of references at the end.

    2. is so vital

      Do you want to say something at the end to reconnect these last sections with the focus on financial literacy you had early on?

    3. Literary Research: Costs and Impact


    4. Wikipedia

      Wikipedia isn't software, and so doesn't belong on this list of examples. Unless you mean Mediawiki, the open source software that powers WIkipedia.

    5. Another common example is for a teacher  to ask a student to demonstrate how to do a problem on the board. With OER, the students could video themselves explaining a problem or a section of a course and those videos could be used as supplemental resources for future students.

      This was one of my favorite insights from this semester. I've never heard anyone make this connection before.

    6. are

      can be, not are. OER can be as effective as traditional publisher materials.

    7. The Impact of Open Textbooks on Secondary Science Learning Outcomes

      I know you can link to this one. :)

    8. Theories of mathematics education: Seeking new frontiers

      Again, link or page number?

    9. Politicizing Science Education

      Is there a link available for this? If not, maybe include a page number?

    10. a consensus needs to be reach as to how to evaluate student learning

      This is a huge requirement, and it's not entirely clear to me why it's necessary for the entire field of education to agree. Are you sure you really mean this? Perhaps you mean only within financial literacy?

    11. noted


    12. notes


    13. the 2008 Jump$tart survey

      This is the first reference to this survey, unless it is an unnamed source of information you provided above?

    14. 2005 annual report


    15. For those with internet access, sufficient reading and comprehension skills, a desire to learn, and an understanding of how to learn, the educational possibilities are endless.

      This is quite a list of things potential students need. How do we get them from here to there?

    16. necessary busy work

      Is this an oxymoron?

    17. “We have to have a community of openness, of seeking heaven, and of soliciting the thinking and revelation of everyone around us.”

      Love this quote.

    18. targeted to low-income individuals and families but are generally written by educated, employed, and English speaking committees and individuals

      This is such an important point...

    19. the results

      This is the second time you've made a claim like this. What is it based on? If it's based on your personal experience that's fine - please just bracket your comment this way. "It has been my experience that..."

    20. study


    21. Surveys

      Can you link to these?

  4. Nov 2016
    1. Pedagogy, andragogy, adult learning theory, all out the window.

      In many cases these were never in the window to begin with, right? Most faculty have never had a single course on teaching.

    1. Another common example is for a teacher  to ask a student to demonstrate how to do a problem on the board.

      This is an excellent connection!

    1. worse, they doubt their abilities as a baker and are discouraged before they even begin.

      Eventually, OER and open education have to move beyond dealing with issues of negative liberty and begin addressing issues of positive liberty.

    1. artificial scarcity

      Think about the relationship between scarcity and (supply and demand). Scarcity is the foundation on which supply and demand is based. What happens to everything we know about economics when things that were scarce become abundant?

    2. we let technology’s metaphorical antecedents constrain our thinking

      This traps us far more than we imagine, even on first reflection.

  5. Sep 2016
    1. peer-reviewed, open textbooks

      Why do we continue to obsess about peer-review?

    1. pirating

      You should try to avoid using the language of physical property when talking about "intellectual property."

    1. Researchers defined happiness as a state of high mental well-being in which people “feel good and function well.”

      How you define happiness will have a lot to do with what is does and doesn't correlate with.

  6. Jul 2016
    1. The implications of this research are that (1) instructors may need to more directly scaffold the adoption of interactive e-textbook tools that are touted as boosts to student learning and (2) promoting adoption early, shortly after students begin reading the e-textbook, is critical for students to acclimate to using the tool.

      Product + practice.

  7. Jun 2016
    1. The researchers presumably thought they were doing solid science, but actually they’re trying to use a bathroom scale to weigh a feather—and the feather is resting loosely in the pouch of a kangaroo that is vigorously jumping up and down.

      Could just as easily have been written about the overwhelming majority of educational research.

  8. May 2014
    1. Why is the favicon for this page the Google Glass "G"?

    2. There's surprisingly little about the scope or audaciousness of the goal here. Isn't it the case that the Foundation prefers bigger, bolder plans?

    3. innovation, technology, knowledge and learning

      And "open"? Add open to this list.

    4. “I want to inspire (young) people…” People are inspired by what you do in your own life, not by what you tell them to do. Do not set out to inspire someone else, set out to make a difference in the world. Your journey may end up being inspirational to others, young and old.

      Wow. Extremely well said. I wish more people understood this.

    5. If you build it, there is no guarantee they will come

      I firmly agree with this. At the same time, "If you don't build it, they can't come."

    6. evidence of innovation

      Isn't it antithetical to want to see evidence of an innovation someone is asking for funding to create? Maybe some other wording would be appropriate here.

    7. openness

      You should probably link this word to the Foundation's definition of "open," since there are many competing ways of thinking about this term.

  9. Mar 2014
    1. And where is the web in all this? Why are we surprised that we’re still pulling teeth as instructional technologists to get faculty and students to recognize the value of the open web when it comes to teaching and learning? For more than a decade the web has been systematically ghettoized as a dangerous space where people steal and victims are robbed (not entirely false, but not the whole story either). It’s during the Napster era that these educational safe spaces were introduced to “protect” our communities from the web, insulating us from what was possible at an astronomical cost.

      Awesome description by Jim of how education lost track of the open web.

  10. Jan 2014
    1. In fact, our work persuades us that any urban configuration that has not evolved — has not been computed step-by-step using adaptive adjustments — is probably dysfunctional and unsustainable

      This likely applies to other areas of design as well.

  11. Nov 2013
    1. absolutely

      Inline annotation of words and phrases should increase our ability to discuss, argue, and make progress on specific ideas.

  12. epubjs-reader.appspot.com epubjs-reader.appspot.com

      In addition to using language that no one really understands, typing in ALL CAPS is frowned upon in terms of generally accepted norms of Netiquette.

    2. sabbee

      What the heck does this word mean? I've never heard it before...

    1. This is a generic comment. Shouldn't I be able to draw a rectangle or other shape to point out the specific part of the image I am commenting on?

    1. home

      Maybe other than saying "home" say "support"? What is a "technical home?" Or a "legal home"?

    2. people

      How do you "invest" in people? I understand investing in businesses and nonprofits. Maybe unpack this a little. How is "investing" different from supporting?

    3. We make sure the Fellow invests, both personal resources as well as money into their projects

      This sentence is just awkward. No need for the comma after invests. Maybe just reword this?

    4. persons


    5. We make bets on brilliance rather than reward past successes

      How can you tell someone is brilliant, other than looking at their past performance?

    6. believe

      Missing a comma after this word.