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  1. Last 7 days
    1. "The hyperlink is one of the most underappreciated inventions of the last century," Kelly said. "It will go down with radio in the pantheon of great inventions."

      凯文·凯利在《纽约时报》的一篇文章(The Web Time Forgot)中评论:“超链接是上个世纪最不被重视的发明之一,它将和无线电一起进入伟大发明的万神殿。”

    1. What Sapiens does have is excellent writing. Beautiful writing. The stories are captivating, the flow is effortless. Harari took what was already known and wrote it better than anyone had done before. The result was fame greater than anyone before him could imagine. Best story wins.

      《人类简史》所拥有的是出色的写作,优美的写作。这些故事引人入胜,行文毫不费力。赫拉利把已经知道的东西写得比以前的人都好。其结果是名声比他之前的任何人都能想象的大。最好的故事取得了胜利。

    2. I thought, ‘This is so banal!’ … There is absolutely nothing there that is new. I’m not an archeologist. I’m not a primatologist. I mean, I did zero new research. . . . It was really reading the kind of common knowledge and just presenting it in a new way.

      我想,“这太平庸了!“ ... 那里绝对没有什么新东西。我不是一个考古学家。我不是灵长类动物学家。我的意思是,我没有做任何新的研究 ... 这真的是在阅读一种常识,只是以新的方式呈现出来。

  2. Jun 2021
  3. May 2021
  4. Apr 2021
    1. 10 best non-fiction books on technology, design, and the future

      10本关于科技、设计、未来的非虚构类书籍

      本文的书单将为你介绍当今最好的十本非虚构类书籍,涵盖了人工智能、大数据、控制论和其他令人振奋的主题领域的进步,如何改变我们的生活方式,以及它们在未来可能的发展方向。

      这些书结合了对软件设计、数字行为以及推动当今科技经济发展的目标的精辟分析,将丰富你对周围世界的理解,甚至意味着理解一些难以接受的东西。

      这些书中有些是比较推测性的,涉及到赛博格(半人半机器)的概念,或可能不应该被开发的未来主义技术。另一些则更多的是关于当今最大的科技公司的崛起、家中简单的消费类小工具的设计,或者电子游戏实际上是如何制作出来的,一位技术专家令人难忘地称电子游戏为 “艺术与科学的碰撞”。

    1. your money is safer in the hands of the world's poor than in your 401(k)

      《时代周刊》杂志在2009年所指出的:“你的钱投资于世界各地的穷人身上,比投资于你的401K计划上更安全。”

  5. Mar 2021
    1. 近日,《金融时报》创新编辑兼 FT Forums 创始人约翰•索恩希尔(John Thornhill)对微软首席执行官萨提亚•纳德拉(Satya Nadella)进行了采访。

      75 亿美元收游戏公司,换中国区 CEO,微软到底要干啥?

    1. 起初,我以为在中国,我们会先经历疫情,然后世界其他地方也会跟进,一步一步:爆发、封锁、恢复。但现在我清楚地看到,我们的经历有多大的差异,成都一个半月的封锁期在我的记忆中开始显得越来越短。我没有错过任何一家理发店的理发,我们最喜欢的餐馆也都完全重新开业了。我们使用视频会议的唯一原因是为了和美国的亲朋好友联系,主要是出于团结。5月初,几个大学老同学安排了一次Zoom会议,聊了聊他们在美国的封锁经历。之后,我关上电脑,骑车穿过城市,到一家夜总会做报道。俱乐部里人满为患,舞池里几十个人中,只有一个女人戴着面具。

      《纽约客》3月15日新文:“中国制造”外交的兴起

    1. Top 10 classic stories retold

      让故事重生:10种重述经典的方法 | 书单

      出色的重述能以全新的眼光来探索熟悉的主题,从人们深信不疑的舒适叙事中破译出一个新世界,或者让以往被排除在经典之外的读者也有机会读到它们。

    1. Which Sounds Are the Most Annoying to Humans?{"@type":"NewsArticle","@context":"http://schema.org","url":"https://gizmodo.com/which-sounds-are-the-most-annoying-to-humans-1846098655","author":[{"@type":"Person","name":"Daniel Kolitz"}],"headline":"Which Sounds Are the Most Annoying to Humans?","description":"Earlier this month, a kind of chirping, rainforest-y sound sprung up in my apartment. It came from my roommate’s room. At first, I took it for a video game, but then realized the sound materialized even when my roommate was asleep. For days, I wondered about this. At any point I could’ve asked him what the deal was, but I kept on forgetting—the sound was just annoying enough to be notable but not annoying enough to do something about. When I did remember to ask him, during one of the sound’s occasional disappearances, he had no idea what I was talking about. ","dateline":"01/25/2021 at 08:00","datePublished":"2021-01-25T08:00:00-05:00","dateModified":"2021-01-25T08:00:01-05:00","mainEntityOfPage":{"@type":"WebPage","url":"https://gizmodo.com/which-sounds-are-the-most-annoying-to-humans-1846098655"},"image":{"@type":"ImageObject","height":675,"width":1200,"url":"https://i.kinja-img.com/gawker-media/image/upload/c_fill,f_auto,fl_progressive,g_center,h_675,pg_1,q_80,w_1200/ysfrxb7ougwtr6l0v3ds.png","thumbnail":{"@type":"ImageObject","height":180,"width":320,"url":"https://i.kinja-img.com/gawker-media/image/upload/c_fill,f_auto,fl_progressive,g_center,h_180,pg_1,q_80,w_320/ysfrxb7ougwtr6l0v3ds.png"}},"articleBody":"Earlier this month, a kind of chirping, rainforest-y sound sprung up in my apartment. It came from my roommate’s room. At first, I took it for a video game, but then realized the sound materialized even when my roommate was asleep. For days, I wondered about this. At any point I could’ve asked him what the deal was, but I kept on forgetting—the sound was just annoying enough to be notable but not annoying enough to do something about. When I did remember to ask him, during one of the sound’s occasional disappearances, he had no idea what I was talking about. \n\nThe sound to that point had been a subconscious irritant—by the time I noticed it, I could never say how long it had been going for. But after that exchange, and the sanity-questioning it entailed, roughly half my brain was looking out for the sound’s return. When it did finally reemerge, I burst without knocking into my roommate’s room. “That,” I said. “Oh,” he replied. “The radiator?”\n\nIt was, in fact, the radiator. He hadn’t noticed it.\n\nThis is all to say that, when we are speaking about sounds, “annoying” is a subjective criteria. But there must be, one figures, some consensus on the subject. For this week’s Giz Asks we reached out to a number of sound-experts to find out what that might be.\n\nDr. Tjeerd Andringa\n\nAssociate professor Auditory Cognition, University of Groningen\n\nThe sound of vomiting: elicits a visceral response. The first steps of auditory processing are in the brainstem close to the “disgust” center that is activated when we swallow(ed) something toxic and which activates the muscles to expel it.\n\nIt’s actually pretty simple. In the evolution of vertebrates, the first vertebrate was basically a long tube with on one side the mouth and on the other side the anus. And the only thing that it really had to do was to open its mouth, accept something as food and then digest in that tube. The tube was basically a little garden with all kinds of bacteria. It should not make a real mistake because then it would poison the garden and poison itself. So it was very important for that early vertebrate to make the proper decisions — what to swallow, what not to swallow. That is the reason why all our senses are around the mouth. We taste, we smell, we hear, we see — all around the mouth — so we can make the best decisions of what to eat.\n\nAll the sensors came together at the top of the neural tube. That is our brain stem. That is the level where all the information is processed at the most basic level. That leads to a situation that if you have no time to process the signal in full or to use your higher mental faculties, then you fall back to the lowest form of processing that we have, which is that physiological, low-level form of processing. This is always active in the background, and it has to be overruled by higher levels of processing. But it is always the first response that we get because it’s the quickest. \n\nPretty much all the other sounds are sounds that are relevant to higher cognition. So the scraping of fingernails on the chalkboard probably also has a visceral component, but it’s much further away from our basic responses than vomiting. A baby crying does not make sense for all mammals; it only makes sense for mammals that have babies that actually cry. This is a higher level, more advanced type of processing. And it must be very strong, but it is not as deeply encoded in our body as the response to vomiting. \n\n“The sound of vomiting: elicits a visceral response. The first steps of auditory processing are in the brainstem close to the ‘disgust’ center that is activated when we swallow(ed) something toxic and which activates the muscles to expel it.”\n\nTrevor Cox\n\nProfessor, Acoustic Engineering, University of Salford\n\nPeople’s responses to sounds are learned; what’s most annoying to any given person can be highly individualized, and is intimately connected to circumstance. In general, though, the most annoying sounds are those that get in the way of whatever you’re trying to do. With everyone working at home right now, a neighbor’s DIY drilling might be the most annoying sound.\n\nWhat can heighten annoyance is a lack of control. When your neighbors are throwing a party, the noise is annoying not only because it prevents you from sleeping but because you have no idea when it’s going to end. If you knew in advance when the party might end, the sound would likely be less disruptive.\n\n“People’s responses to sounds are learned; what’s most annoying to any given person can be highly individualized, and is intimately connected to circumstance.”\n\nFlorian Hollerweger\n\nAssistant Professor, Audio Arts and Acoustics, Columbia College Chicago\n\nThe most annoying sound for a human, as we all know, is the sound of chalkboard scraping. It’s terrible! Precisely why that is so remains a bit of a mystery and—I kid you not—the subject of ongoing psychoacoustic research. Even thinking about it (the sound, not the research) makes me cringe. Anecdotal evidence also suggests that the Covid-19 pandemic has brought back to the forefront many traditional contenders for the title of “most annoying sound.” Depending on your living circumstances, the sounds of your otherwise respected neighbors or housemates, for example, may well be much more annoying to you now than they were nine months ago.\n\nThe “most annoying sound for a human” is a surprisingly evasive concept that depends not only on who the human in question is, but also on that person’s circumstances and emotional state. If you think about it, this is a trivial truth only in a superficial sense. Rather, I think of it as a beautiful testimony to the raw emotional power that sound commands over us—not only on the negative end of the spectrum, but also with regards to that most beautiful of sounds: music. Many of the above truisms apply just as well to music—its dependence on the listener’s personal preferences or aversions, stage in life, current emotions, etc. In other words, the same strong reliance on context explains both the “ugliest” as well as the “prettiest” sounds. In my mind this shows that these are really just two manifestations of a larger underlying natural beauty, which we humans can become a part of and nurture (through music, for example), but which ultimately exceeds the value judgements that we can’t quite seem to be able to do without.\n\nA large part of my creative practice and research unfolds in the realm of experimental music and sound art. From this experience I can assert that one human’s “most annoying sound” may well form the basis of another’s most precious music. Perhaps once a Covid-19 vaccine is widely available, you might want to attend an experimental music concert near you, to see which of these two groups you belong to... or whether there is room in between. British composer Trevor Wishart, for example, created a stunningly complex and highly recommended piece of music entitled “Imago” from a single clink of two glasses.\n\n“The ‘most annoying sound for a human’ is a surprisingly evasive concept that depends not only on who the human in question is, but also on that person’s circumstances and emotional state.”\n\nSteven J. Orfield\n\n\nFounder of Orfield Laboratories which provides multi-sensory design, research and testing in architecture, product development and forensics\n\nIn 1990, I moved my perceptual laboratory into the former Sound 80 Studios. Sound 80 was a client of mine for acoustic and lighting consulting, and in 1975, in collaboration with 3M who had just invented multi-track digital recording, they became the World’s First Digital Recording Studio, as recognized by Guinness World Records in 2006. During their time as a client of mine, I sat in that last American album recording of Cat Stevens, Izatso. \n\nI bought the studio to move my company but also to deal with a health issue.\n\nI had just gone through surgery to get an artificial valve, as I was born with a defective aortic valve. I had read the acoustic studies in the medical journals about the noise levels, but when I woke up from surgery, I found that the valve was much louder than claimed in the academic studies. So as I went back to my lab, I measured the sound with an accelerometer (vibration transducer), and with a 1” precision microphone, and I recorded each. Then I did a listening experiment to listen to my heart valve with one ear and the recordings with the other. I spent hours equalizing the sound so that the recording was a close facsimile of what I heard.\n\nThen I did a Stevens Threshold test to see how loud it was. This was done by playing a pink noise track until it was so loud that I couldn’t hear the valve, and then playing the pink noise again from loud to soft until I could hear it. Those two extremes established the threshold for my hearing of my valve.\n\nWhile it was claimed to be about 30 dBA, it was actually able to be perceived into the low 80 dBA range, about 16 times as loud as claimed, and it sounded like I had been implanted with an old mechanical clock.\n\nI went back and reviewed the journal literature again and found out that most of the measurement procedures used by the industry were incorrect, and most of the equipment used was not used correctly. It took me two years to learn to sleep after sleep hypnosis, sleep medicines and special pillows and fans. I was so frustrated that I invited all the American heart valve companies to join me in a conference at my Lab, so that I could show the levels of mistakes they all made, and so that they could start to work on the terribly annoying sound. In 1993, for the first and only time they ever met together the entire industry came to my lab and listened to what heart valve noise really sounded like. They were all shocked and concerned, and many were in violation of FDA requirements because they had been claiming quiet valves.\n\nThis meeting caused new research on porcine (pig) valved to extend the valve life from 5 years to 20 years, and now most implants get a bio-prosthetic valve, that can be implanted through an artery and can be repaired in the same way. I hope that my work with them was helpful in causing a reconsideration of heart valves across the entire industry. It also lead to a Medical article in the Wall Street Journal, where their editor explained to me that many ‘facts’ that he was told in interviews with doctors were false, as they were very defensive about discussing medical problems.\n\nDo you have a burning question for Giz Asks? Email us at tipbox@gizmodo.com. \n\nAdditional reporting by Marina Galperina.\n\n","articleSection":"Giz Asks","keywords":[],"publisher":{"@type":"Organization","@context":"http://schema.org","name":"Gizmodo","url":"https://gizmodo.com","logo":{"@type":"ImageObject","url":"https://x.kinja-static.com/assets/images/logos/amp/logo-gizmodo-amp.png"},"sameAs":["https://www.facebook.com/gizmodo","https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCxFmw3IUMDUC1Hh7qDjtjZQ","https://twitter.com/gizmodo","https://instagram.com/gizmodo"]},"video":[]}
  6. Feb 2021
    1. Prepare Your Supply Chain for Coronavirus It’s late in the game, but there are still steps you can take. by James B. Rice, Jr.