11 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. An appanage, or apanage (/ˈæpənɪdʒ/; French: apanage [a.pa.naʒ]), is the grant of an estate, title, office or other thing of value to a younger child of a monarch, who would otherwise have no inheritance under the system of primogeniture (where only the eldest inherits)

      Granting resources or other properties under royal family and supporters

    1. After Muhammad's death, this institution was adapted by the Umayyad dynasty to incorporate new converts to Islam into Arab-Muslim society and the word mawali gained currency as an appellation for converted non-Arab Muslims in the early Islamic caliphates.

      Non-Arabs integration into Arab Muslim society

    1. The Umayyad dynasty (Arabic: بَنُو أُمَيَّةَ, romanized: Banū Umayya, lit. 'Sons of Umayya') or Umayyads (Arabic: الأمويون, romanized: al-Umawiyyūn) was an Arab clan within the Quraysh tribe who were the ruling family of the Caliphate between 661 and 750 and later of al-Andalus between 756 and 1031.
  2. Oct 2023
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  5. Apr 2021
    1. Mesopotamia that is called Asia Minor or Turkey, and where one finds many provinces and cities.

      After the collapse of the Ilkhanate, several Mongol dynasties set up petty rump states in the Ilkhanate's previous territory. The area depicted seems to be a mixture of territory claimed by the Turkoman Artuqids, the Mongol Jalayirids(?), and the Egyptian Mamluks. While there are what seems to be borders depicted on the image, they only seem to correspond to the Egyptian Mamluk Sultanate to the south without explanation of what lies further East.

  6. Apr 2019
    1. Akhenaten tried to shift his culture from Egypt's traditional religion, but the shifts were not widely accepted. After his death, his monuments were dismantled and hidden, his statues were destroyed, and his name excluded from the king lists.[12] Traditional religious practice was gradually restored, and when some dozen years later rulers without clear rights of succession from the 18th Dynasty founded a new dynasty, they discredited Akhenaten and his immediate successors, referring to Akhenaten himself as "the enemy" or "that criminal" in archival records