5 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. We report the first neural recording during ecstatic meditations called jhanas and test whether a brain reward system plays a rolein the joy reported. Jhanas are Altered States of Consciousness (ASC) that imply major brain changes based on subjective reports:(1) external awareness dims, (2) internal verbalizations fade, (3) the sense of personal boundaries is altered, (4) attention is highlyfocused on the object of meditation, and (5) joy increases to high levels. The fMRI and EEG results from an experienced meditatorshow changes in brain activity in 11 regions shown to be associated with the subjective reports, and these changes occur promptlyafter jhana is entered. In particular, the extreme joy is associated not only with activation of cortical processes but also with activationof the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in the dopamine/opioid reward system. We test three mechanisms by which the subject mightstimulate his own reward system by external means and reject all three. Taken together, these results demonstrate an apparentlynovel method of self-stimulating a brain reward system using only internal mental processes in a highly trained subject.

      I can find no other research on this particular matter. It would be helpful to have other studies to validate or invalidate this one. This method of reward requires a highly-trained participant and involves no external means.

  2. Sep 2020
    1. yet when I thought of my beloved Elizabeth, of her tears and endless sorrow, when she should find her lover so barbarously snatched from her, tears, the first I had shed for many months, streamed from my eyes,

      It's interesting to me that Victor only cries when thinking of how upset Elizabeth is going to be when he's the one who's going to die. He fits the whole "man be rational and women emotional" cultural phenomenon of the time to a tee. He's stone faced going into losing battle, but Elizabeth will be just soooooooooo sad and sooooooooo sorrowful. While I'm on the topic, the characterization of Elizabeth TOTALLY fits in while the "passive wife who's in charge of the emotional side of family," to a point where Mary Shelley is a satirist. Also the use of barbarous to describe the Creature is just textbook Othering in the way that demotes the Creature to a irrational and animalistic creature.

  3. Feb 2020
    1. hrough her narrative, we are only able to hear Roxana’s thoughts and we are only able to know the story through her interpretation.

      I appreciate the full analysis of why Defoe used monologue as opposed to a direct dialogue.

  4. Apr 2019
    1. extended monologue, please refer to clips or the script edition cited here: Adams, Elissa and Brosius, Peter, eds. Fierce and True: Plays for Teen Audiences. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN. 2010. pp. 9-10
  5. Jul 2018
    1. “She’s had a hard life, has Ma Parker.” Yes, a hard life, indeed! Her chin began to tremble; there was no time to lose. But where? Where?

      There is many noticeable monologues in this article. A typical example is as follow." <br><br> (1)“She’s had a hard life, has Ma Parker.” (2)Yes, a hard life, indeed! (3)Her chin began to tremble; (4)there was no time to lose. But where? Where?<br><br> (1) is the question hypothesized by the author, questioning the author himself. (2) is the answer that given by the author himself to emphasize how tough Mr. Parker’s life it is. (1) and (2) constitute a self-examination and self-answer to enhance the reader's resonance, guiding readers to feel Mr. Parker's miserable life. (3) is the third person's description of the character. After that, the author inserts a monologue (4) again. From (1) to (4), it contained both the objective description and the emotional expression.