2,445 Matching Annotations
  1. May 2018
    1. If wherever we encountered new information, sentence by sentence, frame by frame, we could easily know the best thinking on it.

      hypothes.is best thinking

    1. DebateGraph is an award-winning web-platform for visualizing and sharing networks of thought – and opening reasoning and action to collaborative learning and iterative improvement.

      debategraph

    1. holons exist simultaneously as self-contained wholes in relation to their sub-ordinate parts, and as dependent parts when considered from the inverse direction.

      holon

  2. about.gitlab.com about.gitlab.com
    1. GitLab Website Terms of Use

      gitlab terms

    1. Web Share Target is a proposed API for allowing websites to receive shared data (text, URLs, images) and register to be choosable by the user as targets from sharing contexts, including (but not limited to) Web Share.

      web share target status

    1. To "register" this app with the Android OS, click the Chrome menu → Add to home screen.

      web share target to Hypothes.is

    1. No. SPARQL is computationally infeasible. Similar projects that use SPARQL have unacceptable latency and go down whenever anyone starts using them in earnest.

      SPARQL computationally infeasible

    2. Luminoso provides software as a service that creates domain-specific semantic models

      domain-specific semantic model

    1. Learns like a human, scales like a machine

      Luminoso

    1. ConceptNet 5.5: An Open Multilingual Graph of General Knowledge

      concept net

    1. ConceptNet An open, multilingual knowledge graph

      concept net

    1. near-godlike intelligence that exists in both.

      Eschaton novels

    1. build a rival to academia’s biggest social networks, who they say cannot be trusted to put researchers’ interests first.

      scholarlyhub

      learned about

    2. In 2013, Elsevier bought the academic social network Mendeley for a reported £65 million, to the horror of some academics.

      mendeley bought

    3. “You are the product and ultimately someone is going to pull the plug,” he said.

      plug

    4. Big publishers will buy them, he argued, after which academics would “no longer have control over their work”.

      no control big publishers

    5. “It’s time we left that battlefield for the sake of science,” he said.

      vc backed battlefield

  3. www.scholarlyhub.org www.scholarlyhub.org
    1. create a truly open-access repository, publishing service, and scholarly social networking site, with large scope for members' initiatives. And it will be run by scholars: not for profit, greater market share, or political kudos, but for their own growth and everyone’s benefit.

      scholarlyhub

      article about

    1. Quadratic voting is a procedure that a group of people can use to jointly choose a collective good for themselves. Each person can buy votes for or against a proposal by paying into a fund the square of the number of votes that he or she buys. The money is then returned to voters on a per capita basis. Weyl and Lalley prove that the collective decision rapidly approximates efficiency as the number of voters increases.

      quadratic voting

    1. tool of choice for web research and conceptualization

      tool of choice

    2. using Google Docs which incorporated WikiNizer’s own simple semantic markdown into Personal Knowledge Graphs and back.

      google docs round trip

    3. built as a mobile first hybrid app for Android, using a simple in-house graph database implemented in SQLite

      graph database SQLLite

  4. www.liquid.info www.liquid.info
    1. It is not enough to build mind/concept map style views, they must be integrated into your workflow.

      Dynamic View

      That's what I implemented in HyperPost and is the rationale behind basing the Knowledge Federation protocol on the Hyper Knowledge Objects that form a graph yet can be serialized in HTML Hypermedia

    1. “Language is nothing rigid & immutable, instead it changes and emerges constantly.”

      johannes mutter written word

    1. We have designed Thinkmap to be easily extendable, fast, and able to integrate with a wide variety of legacy systems. Thinkmap is composed of a number of loosely coupled components that can be quickly reconfigured to fulfill many different visualization tasks. These components are lightweight, flexible, and standards-based.

      thinkmap architecture

    1. The HyperGlossary inserts links on glossary-specific words with definitions and related multi-media resources.

      cpan hyperglossary

    1. AnnoCPAN is a web interface for the documentation of all the modules on CPAN, where users can add annotations on the margin of specific paragraphs throughout the POD.

      AnnoCPAN

    1. By posting a note in this site, you agree that it may be used, modified, and redistributed under the same terms as Perl itself.

      cpan site policies

    1. LIVE @ Graph Tour San Francisco: Keynote by CEO Emil Eifrem

      neo4j live graph

    1. Modern Publishing Systems

      Stephan modern publishing system

    1. domain-specific ontology design

      domain-specific ontology design

    2. On one hand, the ontology has to fit into standards in the domain to ensure interoperability; On the other hand, it has to be applied into individual organizations.

      interoperability

    1. Curating and exploiting such an ontology will be as important as the hardware and software surfaces that activate it.

      ontology

    1. an approach to representingscientific concepts that reflects (1) the situated processes of science work, (2) the social construction of knowledge, and (3) the emergenceand evolution of understanding over time

      Beyond Ontologies

      ontology

    1. co-evolving visualization of concepts are needed both at the object and meta-level to handle the social aspects of learning and knowledge work in the framework of an Exploratory Epistemology.

      co-evolution meta level experimental epistemology

      ontology survey

  5. Apr 2018
    1. To represent our thought structures,we should not start by adopting a language like OWL,asking only ‘‘How can we represent our ideas using thisstructure?’’ Instead, we should ask, ‘‘What are thefundamental characteristics of knowledge-based work,and how should the design of computational tools followfrom them?’

      fundamental characteristics knowledge-based work owl

    1. To get a sense of Cayley, check out the I/O Bytes video we created where we “Build A Small Knowledge Graph”.

      Cayley

    1. Hyper Knowledge is a software company which develops a range of software for various applications. Based in Castle Park, Castle Pk, Hyper Knowledge is a software development company.

      Hyper Knowledge

    1. It is a website that lets its users create, edit, and link a collection of articles.

      Hyper Knowledge Management

    1. The user selects the seismic velocity node and queries for a “task” perspective

      task perspective

    2. As a user draws a graph, he or she is creating a situation for its set of resources. When the user adds a copy of an existing resource (whether as a node or an edge), Codex now contains multiple situations for that resource: the situation in which it was originally created, and the new situation in which it is being applied

      concept map client

    3. A neutral ontology amounts to a mapping vocabulary that regulates interoperability between terms. In Codex, a common vocabulary can be discovered if one exists, but it is not an a priori requirement to describe knowledge in Codex.

      neutral ontology common vocabulary discovered

    4. The perspective filters out some information, revealing only certain “wavelengths” of meaning that conform to the resource types present in a given situation. The remainder of a concept space is masked.

      perspective

    5. creating a situation of temporal association

      temporal association

    6. Collaborative filtering is typically used to produce recommendations in e-commerce environments – for instance, based on the books for which a customer has expressed a preference, an online bookseller will recommend other books by examining what others who share those preferences have read. The same connections are possible in Codex, where an inferential situation can be built around any subset of resources that share a time, place, creator, and so on

      collaborative filtering

    7. relationships between resources are inferred on the basis of co-occurrent context attributes

      co-occurent context attributes

    8. Beyond Ontologies: Toward Situated Representations of Scientific Knowledge

      beyond ontollogies

    9. “independently developed, but convergent theories

      test of time theories

    10. To represent our thought structures, we should not start by adopting a language like OWL as the Received Pronunciation for our domain, asking only “How can we represent our ideas using this structure?” Instead, we should ask, “What are the fundamental characteristics of knowledge-based work, and how should the design of computational tools follow from them?”

      fundamental characteristics of knowledge-based work

    11. emergent, rather than top-down, solutions

      emergent solutions

    12. situation, user-defined and inferential.

      situation user-defined inferential

    13. situations can in theory be inferred around any set of resources

      situations inferred

    14. Representation of situational meaning is instead software-driven, based on the semantic and contextual relationships already stored within resources.

      semantic contextual relationships

    15. This “ontology-first” model is highly restrictive; it presupposes a structure where there may be none (indeed, the act of manipulating resources in a tool like Codex might be for the very purpose of devising this structure, so imposing one at the start would be futile). Given the emphasis of the present work on structuring knowledge from the bottom up through pragmatic use, Codex takes a “Concept-first” approach.

      concept first futile

    1. The vision that takes us “beyond ontologies” had largely been explored with theAugmentation System that Engelbart created in his NLShalf a century ago on a ‘milli iphone’. With the millionfold increase of computing resource available even to individuals today, we can embark on developing the means to promote the “culture shift” iIbid.] that could lead to collaborative creation of the ‘great chain of emergent meanings’. In this quest we need dynamic mechanisms for recognizing and merging alternative conceptualizations

      NLS

    2. “turtles all the way up”.

      turtles

    3. seekingsituated, goal directed, cooperative, approaches to knowledge exploration and a dialogical, interactiveemergent semanticsthat assumes,from the point of view of web based KO,a “self-supporting”[55] bootstrappable ontology authoring environment.

      situated goal directed cooperative dialogical emergent self-supporting bootstrappable universal (like function) meta-designable

    4. Bundy, A. (2008). Why ontology evolution is essential in modeling scientific discovery.

      evolution scientific discovery

    5. It is not only that the knowledge we wish to capture expands relentlessly, but also our meta knowledge about what we have learned about how best to organize and use that knowledge. When building a system what seemed a good idea at the “design” time is bound to become a limiting factor, unless we can rebuild the ship while still at sea.

      rebuild ship while at see

    6. ontologiesfor example,which are expected to function asa “Medium of Human Expression”.[45]

      medium human expression

    7. Theserequirements imply the integration of KOcapabilities not just in “design time” but at run time and,in the collaborative case,“on the fly” throughout the whole ‘life cycle’ of the ontology. [63] This way, dynamicontology building and maturing[42] arrived at technologies for permanent refactoringwith open ended lifeline including the possibility of bootstrappingthe ontology management framework. [65]

      bootstrapping ontology management framework

    1. Moreover, ontology evolution requires not just be-lief revision, but changes to the underlyingsignatureof theontology

      ontology evolution

    1. For example, we could define the eg:author property to have a domain of eg:Document and a range of eg:Person, whereas a classical object oriented system might typically define a class eg:Book with an attribute called eg:author of type eg:Person. Using the RDF approach, it is easy for others to subsequently define additional properties with a domain of eg:Document or a range of eg:Person. This can be done without the need to re-define the original description of these classes. One benefit of the RDF property-centric approach is that it allows anyone to extend the description of existing resources, one of the architectural principles of the Web [BERNERS-LEE98].

      extend the description of existing resources

    1. “the peace dividend of the smartphone war”: the runaway success of smartphones led to massive investments in processors and sensors. If you disassemble a modern drone, VR headset, or IoT devices, you’ll find mostly smartphone components.

      smart phone wars

    1. The Future of Text 2017 Session 2.

      Gyuri Lajos presentation

    1. Awareness and Capacity. Last but not least, a clear commitment to open ac-cess for data and publications from all partners is needed. Managers, research-ers and information managers must understand that sharing will enhance our capacity to create knowledge for agricultural development. They also must understand the instruments that have been created by international standard bodies to achieve this.

      awareness capacity

    2. Registry for data and software. We need a one stop access to existing ser-vices from the community. The registry of tools and services developed with-in CIARD, called RING31, should become a hub of data streams, from which the community can channel their data

      data software registry

    3. Tools for data processing and storing. A selection of the tools currently available for the publishing of interoperable data should be made, according to the requirements and possibilities of the actors represented by CIARD. What we need is then a suite of tools and services to process and store data, that can be installed and used at institutional levels.

      tools processing storing

    4. Lists of predicates are also called vocabularies, and are essential to information sharing.

      vocabularies

    5. Tools to convert existing data into formats suitable to sharing

      tools convert sharing

    1. A user-defined entity that enriches the existing data in Splunk Enterprise. You can use knowledge objects to get specific information about your data. When you create a knowledge object, you can keep it private or you can share it with other users.

      knowledge objects splunk

    1. Hypermedia API standards implemented in JSON, like HAL, are cumbersome and difficult for humans to read. Hypermedia Object Notation, or HON, adds a light-weight attribute list to JSON keys that support URL, pagination, and relationship metadata while preserving the readability and implicit data structures that make JSON great.

    1. With a market-leading ontology linked to Thomson Reuters’ authorities and products, Thomson Reuters Open Calais™ offers the easiest and most accurate way to tag the people, places, companies, facts, and events in your content to increase its value, accessibility and interoperability. How do we do it? We use Natural Language Processing (NLP) and machine learning algorithms trained by hundreds of Thomson Reuters’ Editorial teams for several years to offer the industry’s best combination of company extraction and relevance. For the user, the process is pretty simple. You feed unstructured text into the extraction engine (news articles, blog postings, etc.) to examine your text and locate:

      Open Calais

    1. Note: We have recently realized that URIs containing the domain name of an initiative or an institution are not ideal for persistence: we just had to move from the ring.ciard.net domain to the ring.ciard.info domain for administrative reasons and we may lose control of the ciard.net domain in one year. So we decided to gradually move to PURL URIs, either from purl.org or from new initiatives like xmlns.org. RING URIs will become something like http://purl.org/net/ciardring/{resource-type}/{resource-ID} and will resolve to the RDF and HTML versions of the resource at the URL where they are available at that moment. Notice to services using our URIs: there will be a reasonable period of time for the transition from the ciard.net URIs to the PURL URIs and re-direction from the old URIs will be provided for as long as possible.

      URI not ideal

    1. A federated and curated metadata registry of agri-food datasets and data services

      metadata registry datasets services

    1. Interoperability means the ability of information and communication technology (ICT) systems, as well as, of the business processes they support in order to exchange data and enable the sharing of information and knowledge.

      IDABC interoperability

    1. Kno2’s Interoperability as a Service enables access to providers via cloud faxing, Direct secure messaging, patient information query and patient care networks guided by connectivity assessments and analytics.

      interoperability as a service

    Annotators

    URL

    1. Ted Nelson's Eulogy for Douglas Engelbart

      ted nelson eulogy

    1. a more powerful scaffolding for thinking and discourse is required, in order to support the emergence of CI around complex socio political dilemma

      scaffolding for thinking

    2. De Liddo & Buckingham Shum ipp2014

      Collective Intelligence crowd sourcing arguments

    1. what a 21st Century Augmentation System can be like

      ARC Augmentation Research Community

    1. We had substantial amount of experience with Doug Englebart's system at SRI called The Online System. That system for all practical purposes was a one-computer world wide web. It had documents that pointed to each other using hyperlinks.

      one computer world wide web

    1. In reality, APIs and HTML can be united in a smart way for a fantastic outcome. Hypermedia APIs can do just that. With a hypermedia API, you don’t just build a regular CRUD JSON API, but you include links and controls for working with resources. Hypermedia APIs can be enhanced with CSS and JavaScript to make them human-friendly as wel

      HyperMedia API

    1. document structure will already be a concept graph.

      intertwingularity of documents

    1. patterns for distributed interactive documents

      distributed interactive documents

    1. this project space is no longer maintained. 

      dead

    2. Interactive Knowledge Stack (IKS) is an open source community, whose projects are focused on building an open and flexible technology platform for semantically enhanced Content Management Systems (CMS).

      Interactive Knowledge Stack IKS

    1. Entity checker - inline editing of content enhancements

      Entity Hub Stanbol context enhancement

    2. shows how extracted entities are described in the enhancement results.

      entity hub

    1. rearchitected through entrepreneurial innovation and market forces.

      IPFS prococol lab

    2. crypto-economic networks,

      Web 3

    3. platforms (by definition) are systems with multi-sided network effects.

      Platform

    1. In the address bar, type “chrome://net-internals/#hsts”.

      clear hsts chrome

    1. The Linked Open Research Cloud (LORC) project aims to increase the awareness, discovery, and reuse of resources about scholarly communication on the Web in the form of open Linked Data.

      LORC discovery

    1. TREE-META compiler writing system.

      tree-meta

    1. web-based knowledge media architecture, available through an Internet browser, that allows us, not only to publish compound documents with or without embedded services and tools into a world-wide shared repository like the Web, but also to reedit any compound documents available from such a shared repository, through direct manipulations, and through composition of new compound documents for local reuse and for publication to the shared repository.

      webble It looks document-centric and does not seem to be active Picture suggest a morphic influence reminding of the Live Kernel

    1. The way we code the web will determine the way we live online. So we need to bake our values into our code. Freedom of expression needs to be baked into our code. Privacy should be baked into our code. Universal access to all knowledge. But right now, those values are not embedded in the Web.

      bake values code

    1. Unschooling starts with the belief that people are naturally curious, and that school drains us of our curiosity. We don’t need grades or tests to motivate us to learn how to walk or talk, and as toddlers we are endlessly curious and excited to explore the world. The process of schooling — that is, compulsory education dictated by teachers and backed by fear of punishment or embarrassment — demotivates us and keeps us from developing our capacity to set our own paths. RC provides a space that supports rather than hinders curiosity and self-direction.

      unschooling

    1. Resources can be assigned to tasks. Resources can have costs associated in the resources sheet. This results in costs per task for all assigned resources and costs per resource for all assigned tasks. A resource can be charged per hour (work) or per amount (material). A task can be allocated work hours. Summary tasks show the costs of its subtasks.

      Project Sheet

    1. RDFa Lite is a minimal subset of RDFa, the Resource Description Framework in attributes, consisting of a few attributes that may be used to express machine-readable data in Web documents like HTML, SVG, and XML. While it is not a complete solution for advanced data markup tasks, it does work for most day-to-day needs and can be learned by most Web authors in a day.

      rdfa-lite

    1. Use the technologies and tools that are native to the Web.

      Web Research native Web

    1. Drop, our color picker for Mac, was our last hurrah

      Drop last hurrah

    2. We are building something that will revolutionize productivity for the next 40.

      revolutionize productivity revolutionize knowledge productivity

    1. the types above type 0 are further separated into orders. Thus for type 1, properties defined without mentioning any totality belong to order 0, and properties defined using the totality of properties of a given order belong to the next higher order. ... But this separation into orders makes it impossible to construct the familiar analysis

      separation into orders

    1. Quantitating the subtleties of microglial morphology with fractal analysis

      quantitating self-similarity scale invariance

    1. Type-Theoretical Semantics with Coercive Subtyping Zhaohui Luo Department of Computer Science Royal Holloway, University of London.

      Montague grammar is not fit for purpose

    1. Hackathons are great (and some of our coolest features started that way) but they are fleeting.

      hackathons fleeting

    1. We run all of Coda on Coda

      bootstrapping coda

    2. blends the flexibility of documents, the power of spreadsheets, and the utility of applications into a single new canvas.

      blend docs apps canvas

    3. Why do these tools insist on creating boundaries where we don’t need them — forcing us to choose between a document or a spreadsheet?

      boundaries tools

    4. we’re using documents as tools to run our teams.

      document tools teams

    1. users' autonomy will increasingly cede to their tool-makers.

      cede autonomy tool-makers

    2. our tools shape our thoughts.

    1. Members of the relationships object (“relationships”) represent references from the resource object in which it’s defined to other resource objects.

      Json api

    1. Client-first / serverless development.

      client-first serverless deployment

    1. The Social Web Protocols are a collection of standards which enable various aspects of decentralised social interaction on the Web. This document describes the purposes of each, and how they fit together.

      Social Web Protocols

    1. Linked Data Platform (LDP) defines a set of rules for HTTP operations on web resources, some based on RDF, to provide an architecture for read-write Linked Data on the web.

      read-write Linked Data

    1. 'The most dangerous thought that you can have as a creative person is to think that you know what you're doing,' explains Victor. 'Because once you think you know what you're doing you stop looking around for other ways of doing things and you stop being able to see other ways of doing things. You become blind.' He concludes, 'I think you have to say: "We don't know what programming is. We don't know what computing is. We don't even know what a computer is." And once you truly understand that, and once you truly believe that, then you're free, and you can think anything.'"

      know what programming