2,457 Matching Annotations
  1. Dec 2018
    1. Cynefin, the sensemaking framework

      Cumefin, sense making framework

  2. Nov 2018
    1. The quality of the connections is the key to quality per se.

      key to quality per se

    1. that the marketplace for CSPW will change drastically as CSCW takes hold within our larger organizations and their inter-organizational communities.

      CSCW to drive CSPW

    2. To begin with some very basic knowledge-domain interoperabil-ity issues, consider your own (future?) “Computer-Supported Per-sonal Work” (CSPW). Assume that you have acquired a fairly com-prehensive, online “knowledge workshop”


    1. A bookseller may want to integrate data coming from different publishers. The data can be imported into a common RDF model, eg, by using converters to the publishers’ databases. However, one database may use the term “author”, whereas the other may use the term “creator”. To make the integration complete, and extra definition should be added to the RDF data, describing the fact that the relationship described as “author” is the same as “creator”. This extra piece of information is, in fact, a vocabulary (or an ontology), albeit an extremely simple one.

      we are not booksellers

    1. considerable time currently lost in dealing with redundant findings and on mundane tasks of sorting, ordering, and referencing is passed on to the PKMS

      time saved sorting ordering referencing

    2. Benchmarking and Standards Base {Yardsticks} which is able to feed forward {h & i} to related subsequent projects and activities by providing, for example, templates, samples, best-practice methods, proven heuristics24, regulations, tutorials, evaluation criteria, or trial assessments

      feed forward

    3. instant access to the underlying information-rich contributing memes, their sources and alternate uses.

      instant access to underlying memes

    4. Supporting evidence of any relationships can be stored separately {f -Testimonials -g} and attached to the user’s output{Uses} at the end for dissemination to back up any statements or claims made.


    5. ‘silent’ (not to be published) memes linked to particular memeplexes which contain, for example, annotations, further ideas, feedbacks from colleagues or supervisors

      silent memes

    6. outstanding ‘work to be carried out’ (meme gaps to be filled)

      outstanding work

    7. {Organizer} Base deals with shorter term tasks and diaries.

      Organizer tasks diaries

    8. {Echoes} Base stores longer-term plans and objectives and related thoughts and responses,


    9. Report or Presentation Base

      Report Presentation base

    10. 'known-unknown' meme

      mark status known-unknown

    11. Scripts and Hypotheses Base

      scripts and hypotheses base

    12. the user qualifies a meme by linking it to matching key words of a multi-dimensional classification system, made up of pre-or user-defined abstract Meme Types (e.g. area, concept, process, tool) or already created topics and memeplexes (e.g. decision methods, logistics, ecology) {3} to be stored in a Topics and Schema Base

      foraging loop Keywords and topics forming a schema

    13. 4.2Sensemaking Loop: Knowledge Goals, Development, Diffusion, and Use {4-8}

      sense making loop

    14. stocked impart constant mental refreshers about their usage and are better memorized

      mental refreshers usage memoized

    15. easily and speedily retrieved and repurposed.

      speedily retrieved re purposed

    16. Foraging Loop

      foraging loop

    17. dead ballast

      dead ballast

    18. Over time, copies deteriorated, memories faded and with it the ability to recall the locations and contents of these fragmented personal knowledge inventories and archives.

      memories faded

    19. Extended Ignorance Matrix


    20. self-development and self-reflection have to be encouraged bybeing able to assess one’s knowledge and ignorance

      self-development self-reflection assess

    21. own portable KM System with their accrued capitals at their disposal.

      portable KM system

    22. information scarcity (few sources/channels, high associated costs) has been substituted by a never before experienced ever-increasing attention-consuming14information abundance15.

      attention consuming

    23. the means to retain and build upon knowledge acquired in order to sustain personal growth and facilitate productive contributions and collaborations between fellow learners and/or professional acquaintances

      build upon

    24. To gain an advantage in competing for attention and survival, it pays to form symbiotic relationships with other memes (memeplexes) to mutually support each other’s fitness and to replicate together. The full diversity of memes accessible to a culture or individual is referred to as Meme Pool [11]

      memplexes definition

    25. Memeplexes


    1. A function point is a "unit of measurement" to express the amount of business functionality an information system (as a product) provides to a user.

      function point

    1. “he embeds his links in the documents and they only go one way

      link one way

    2. , better arrangements for understanding have been his life-long concern and quest.

      better arrangements for understanding

    3. What else can one do when so many people seem intentionally insane?

      people intentionally insane

    4. I have striven not to laugh at human actions, not to weep at them, nor to hate them, but to understand them.

      striven to understand them

    5. Problems worthy of attack prove their worth by hitting back.

      problems worthy hitting back

    1. pandemic of intellectual and emotional sanity swept the world, leaving people infected with care, not about their gardens of ambition and entitlement, but about the future of humanity.

      pandemic of sanity

    1. Make no mistake about it, GDIN and its member disaster response organizations find computers to be very useful - but it is even more striking how the capabilities offered by today's personal productivity and publishing systems are mismatched to the needs of these organizations as they work to coordinate effective response flexibly and quickly.


    2. the most important things that we need is a place to keep and share the information that we collect

      place keep DKR

    3. One possible response to my examples is to say, "Doug, be patient. These are new problems and hard problems and it takes time to solve them. We will have better tools and better laws over time. Just wait." An off-handed response might be that I have been trying to be patient for fifty years. But a much more important, meaningful response is that patience has nothing to do with it. These problems are not due to lack of time, but are instead due to structural factors that create a systematic bias against the improvement of what I call "Collective IQ."

      systematic bias against "Collective IQ"

    1. share and pool personal knowledge bases amongst individuals to support teamwork

      share pool PK bases

    2. Focus on Collaboration and Organisational Learning

      PKMS Quest collaboration

    1. copies which slowly but steadily lapse from potential value towards dead ballast.

      dead ballast

    2. fragmented personal knowledge inventories

      PKM fragmented inventories

    1. turns desk-top documents intoSemantic Documents

      turn documents into semantic documents

    2. desktop doc-uments should be completely open and queryable resources, whose data and knowl-edge are represented in a form understandable to both humans and machines

      documents open queryable resources

    3. A Semantic Document is a uniquely identified and semantically annotatedcomposite resource. It is built of smaller resources (CUs), which can be ei-ther composite or atomic and which are also uniquely identified and seman-tically annotated. Each document CU is characterized by its content (data)and knowledge, which are represented in a form understandable to both hu-mans and machines. CUs can be put in different kinds of relationships withother, uniquely identified resources (e.g., other CUs, Web Pages, people, in-stitutions, etc.). Hierarchical and navigational relationships among CUs areused to define document logical structure

      semantic document

    1. structured peer-to-peerprotocol to publish shareable ontologies on different sensors and automatically discover the ontologies useful for a givenSPARQL query.

      stuctured peer-to-peer ontology sharing SPARQL

  3. app.getpocket.com app.getpocket.com
    1. The reason I was interested in interactive computing, even before we knew what that might mean, arose from this conviction that we would be able to solve really difficult problems only through using computers to extend the capability of people to collect information, create knowledge, manipulate and share it, and then to put that knowledge to work.


  4. app.getpocket.com app.getpocket.com
    1. information you discover online become knowledge

      information knowledge

    1. Select and Speak - Free Text to Speech (Chrome Extension)258,685 views258K views • Like Dislike Share Save

      Select and Speak

    1. The continuing fixation on the outdated book-age paradigm still compels us, as noted by Mintzberg (2005), to provide linear accounts of a nonlinear world.

      linear account of a non-linear world

    2. “the over-simplistic modelling of digital documents as monolithic blocks of linear content, with a lack of structural semantics, does not pay attention to some of the superior features that digital media offers

      book-age paradigm

    3. totally stifles the community affordance of authoring

      stifles authoring

    4. shifting the focus from social networking to towards conviviality (i.e., pleasing, gratifying, edifying, self-fulfilling, self-expressive experience) and convivial artefacts (defined as any technology aimed at promoting sociality, cooperativity, self-expression and autonomous and creative intercourses among individuals in order to foster collective deliberation, collective planning, and cooperative action).


    5. Fostering Creative Conversations among teams, organizations, and communities for mutual benefit and competitive advantage via network and cloud technologies

      fostering creative conversations among teams

    6. affordance-conferring technologies

      affordance-conferring technologies

    7. Knowledge, however, is not reduced when consumed and is not lessened when transferred; its view-as-a-resource differs significantly and is des-tined for non-zero-sum (win-win) interactions

      knowledge non-zero-sum interactions

    1. collective extelligence

      collective extelligence

    2. bi-directional relationships between them

      bi-directional relationships

    3. digital documents “as monolithic blocks of linear content with a lack of structural semantics” (Signer, 2010).

      monolithic blocks of linear content with a lack of structural semantics

    4. ‘traceability’


    5. document-centric ‘book-age’ paradigm

      document-centric 'book-age' paradigm

    6. expressible, combinable and curatable, linked distinctive memes of diverse disciplines are able to mature-with a growing user and shared meme base over time –into a single unified transdisciplinary digital knowledge repository of the world’s extelligence -to be accessed, re-purposed, or added to

      combinable curatable accessed repurposed added to

    7. the external counterpart to the intelligence of the human brain/mind which deals in information whereas intelligence deals in understanding; together they are also driving each other in a complicit process of accelerating interactive co-evolution. This accumulating knowledge heritage, however, can only be accessed, augmented, and further accruedby individuals with the know-how and means to utilize the KM topography depicted -provided the accelerating information abundance does not exceed the finite attention their cognitive capabilities are able to master.


    8. ‘Extelligence’


    9. memeplexes


    10. effectively reducing information entropy to focus finite human attention and cognitivecapabilities

      information entropy

    11. (substituting document-basedstorage practices),

      substituting document-based practices

    12. structurally-referenced meme-centric repositories

      structurally referenced meme-centric repositories

    13. strengthening individuals’ sovereignty and collaborations

      individual's sovereignty

    14. decentralizing KMrevolution

      decentralizing revolution

    1. The Dynamic Knowledge Repository (DKR) is Doug Engelbart's system for producing a coherent, edited, best-understood view of any given field by a group of people, fully integrating arguments and external information.

      DKR liquid

    1. While consulting for CERN June-December of 1980, Tim Berners-Lee writes a notebook program, "Enquire-Within-Upon-Everything", which allows links to be made between arbitrary nodes. Each node had a title, a type, and a list of bidirectional typed links. "ENQUIRE" ran on Norsk Data machines under SINTRAN-III. See: Enquire user manual as scanned images or as HTML page(alt).

      TBL bidirectional typed links

    1. A US court has ruled that Xerox's patent for its Unistrokes single-stroke handwriting recognition software is invalid and, as a...

      palm xerox patent

    1. What are Domain-Specific Languages (DSL)?


    2. “Programming languages that raise the level of abstraction beyond programming by specifying the solution that directly uses concepts and rules from a specific problem domain.” Kelly and Tolvanen (2008)


      Beyond Programming yes but without programming languages as such

    1. >Oxymoron: "Market Intelligence" - One of the strongly held beliefs within the United States is that the best way to choose between competing technologies and options for investment is to "let the market decide."

      oxymoron let the market decide between future technologies

    2. computer science has brought us a gift of even greater power, the ability to amplify and extend our ability to manipulate symbols.


    3. I have been trying to be patient for fifty years

      patient for 50 years

    4. ill-prepared to come to terms with an environment in which the social value of knowledge emerges from collaborative use of it

      social value of knowledge emerges from collaborative use of it

    5. It is as if we are trying to erect dikes, using laws, to keep the future from flooding in.

      erecting dikes keep future flooding in

    6. "sharing" means both the ability to find the right information, when it is needed, as well as the ability to use it across systems.

      find use

    7. capability of people to collect information, create knowledge, manipulate and share it, and then to put that knowledge to work

      collect create manipulate share put to work

    1. Language is human; a knowledge graph gets expressed in open linked data, which is the language of machines.

      Language is human linked data language of machines

  5. citeseerx.ist.psu.edu citeseerx.ist.psu.edu
    1. Freebase: A Collaboratively Created Graph Database ForStructuring Human Knowledge

      freebase structuring human knowledge

    1. You get as much as you put in.

      get put

    2. cultural currency is everything.

      cultural currency

    3. But the knowing feels very ephemeral… like most things I do, I don’t realise how much I know about it until I tell someone else… so, here goes…a short telling to see if I can distill some latent knowledge into this post…

      knowing telling

    1. Ordinary people should be able to write to the web, just as easily as they can browse and read it.

      write the web

  6. www.inrupt.com www.inrupt.com
    1. It’s time to reset the balance of power on the web and reignite its true potential.

      reset reignite

    2. unlock the true promise of the web

      unlock promise web



    1. read-write capability and managed data accessibility

      read-write access

    1. Doug Crockford on HTML and Fixing the Web

      fixing the web Doug Crockford InfoQ

    1. Montblanc calls it Montblanc Augmented Paper and it’s basically specially coded (and coated) paper that lets the pen and notebook sense their position. The pen lasts for eight hours on one charge and you can store 100 pages until you need to move the text to the Montblanc Hub for transcription in up to 12 languages.

      Montblanc augmented Paper

  7. jrnl.global jrnl.global
    1. connected online documents are still in infancy. We can and must do better.

      connected documents

      The Network Linked Text is the Document

    1. Scattered Minds: The Origins and Healing of Attention Deficit Disorder

      scattered minds

    1. launched a start-up, Inrupt, to challenge their dominance with a new “decentralised web”, where users own and control their data.

      users own control data

    1. great potential in merging ideas from machine learning and conventional statistical methods to develop refined models for travel-behavior research

      merging machine learning and statistical models

    1. I would say this paper from Google AI could be considered official information. It definitely helped me gain some understanding of how their knowledge graph is structured and how it is built.

      google knowledge graph article

    1. Along with the regular version of jQuery that includes the ajax and effects modules, we’re releasing a “slim” version that excludes these modules. All in all, it excludes ajax, effects, and currently deprecated code.

      jquery slim

    1. @mitra42 to avoid being blocked by experimental services being down in the future, you should run either https://github.com/libp2p/js-libp2p-websocket-star-rendezvous for websockets or https://github.com/libp2p/js-libp2p-webrtc-star for webrtc within your own network. To get up and running, you should do the following: Clone the repository Pull down dependencies (yarn or npm install) Run npm start for ws-star or npm run star-signal for webrtc-star Then you can just use the IP + port of star-signal as a multiaddr in your node configuration, instead of the discovery.libp2p.io ones.

      ipfs websocket blues

    1. “Scholarship is the process by which butterflies are transmuted into caterpillars .”Jerry Fodor

      jerry fodor scholarship caterpillar butterfly


    1. "You've heard of animals chewing off a leg to escape a trap? There's an animal kind of trick. A human would remain in the trap, endure the pain, feigning death that he might kill the trapper and remove a threat to his kind."

      human remove threat to kind

    1. Knowledge is constituted through associations, edges in graph parlance that are bidirectional and can be imbued with arbitrary interpretations


      Knowledge is constituted through associations, edges in graph parlance that are bidirectional and can be imbued with arbitrary interpretations

    1. Linked Data is about using the Web to connect related data that wasn't previously linked, or using the Web to lower the barriers to linking data currently linked using other methods.

      linked data

    1. n A-trail (green) through a hex-grid portion of the base map. Dashed lines are a portion of the chosen spanning tree in the dual map.

      A-trail weave

    1. Taming Conversation | Jack Park | TEDxTemecula

      Taming Conversations Jack Park

    1. The Reactive Engine

      the reactive engine Alan Kay

    2. 2. Minsky, Marvin. Computation: Finite and Infinite Machines. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1967.

      Minsky finite and infinite machines

    3. 14. McCarthy, John. "Recursive Functions of Symbolic Expressions and Their Computation by Machine, Part 1." Communications of the ACM, III, 4 (April, 1960), 184-195.

      McCarthy LISP

    4. 37. Feldman, Jerome. Aspects of Associative Processing. Technical Note 1965-13, April, 1965. Lexington, Mass.: M. I. T., Lincoln Laboratory.

      associative processing

    5. 46. Engelbart, D. C. Augmenting Human Intellect: Experiments, Concepts, and Possibilities. SRI Project 3578, March, 1965. Menlo Park, Calif.: Stanford Research Institute.

      engelbart 1962

    6. The complete specification of the current language context is always global and accessible to the program.

      specification tinkerability

    7. In the beginning was the Word all right (general laughter) ... but it wasn't a fixed number of bits. -- R.S. Barton Software Engineering

      word not fixed number of bits

    8. creating and maintaining named logical segments

      named segments

    9. In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God." -- John 1:1

      word beginning god

    10. physically realizing the philosophies presented in the previous sections.

      philosophies realized

    11. when he again types in his password, his process is reactivated and control is passed to the reentry point;


    12. There are also no special entities called files in the system,

      no files

    13. THINK RECURSIVELY. Recursion can be avoided with PROG, but people who use PROG too much will never get to Heaven.-- L. P. Deutsch & B. W. Lampson SDS-930 Lisp Manual

      prog no heaven

    14. Maybe Computer Science should be in the College of Theology! ...R. S. Barton, 1967

      computer science theology

    15. Systems programmers are high priests of a low cult. - R. S. Barton 1967

      system programmer high priest low cult

    16. there is nothing more necessary than to place before the eyes of men certain things the existence of which is neither provable nor probable, but which, for this very reason, pious and scholarly men treat to a certain extent as existent in order that they may be led a step further towards their being and their becoming.

      words pious being becoming

  8. Oct 2018
    1. “A single meeting can blow a whole afternoon by breaking it into two pieces, each too small to do anything hard in.”

      single meeting break

    2. “The more times you trip me up while I’m trying to get started — the longer between each time I’m going to try.

      interruption longer time try

    1. a web of unique connections (idea heaven!)

      idea heaven

    2. shattering your habits in an upward fashion.

      shattering habits upward fashion

    3. the brain thrives on novelty and challenge

      brain novelty

    1. create linked text boxes to make complex page layout documents

      linked text boxes pages

      using it as a layout type of app

    2. create linked text boxes to make complex page layout documents

      linked text boxes pages

      using it as a layout type of app

    1. So when we inevitably move from computer-supported paper generation and exchange tocomputer-supported online creation and exchange, we will need the same level of interop-erability. And as the number and scale of knowledge domains involved in a given CSCW"web" increases, so does the need for "online interoperability."5c

      CSCW web interoperability

    1. Engelbart understood the link between entering data and retrieving results. He realized that more knowledge could be had if we could find some way to link existing knowledge together.

      link entering retrieving engelbart

    2. Engelbart understood the uniqueness behind Bush’s memex machine, particularly the notion of duplicating a trail so that information could be shared with others. “Making it easy to establish and follow the associative trails makes practical a new symbol-structuring process whose use can make a significant difference in the concept structuring and b[a]sic methods of work. It is also probable that clever usage of associative-trail manipulation can augment the human’s process structuring and executing capa[b]ilities so that he could successfully make use of even more powerful symbol-structure man[i]pulation processes utilizing the Memex capabilities.” (Engelbart, Examples and Discussions, Background: Comments Related to Bush’s Article) Engelbart tested this principle by developing a sequencing technique and applying it to his computer card coding system.

      duplicating trails memex engelbart

    1. The memex is the name of the hypothetical proto-hypertext system that Vannevar Bush described in his 1945 The Atlantic Monthly article "As We May Think".


    1. But the operating system, as formerly defined, is to these applications only a component of a larger system. Their true platform is the Internet..." The Network Is The Document

      network document

    1. When the network becomes as fast as the processor, the computer hollows out and spreads across the network. — Eric Schmidt, 2003.

      computer hollows out Eric Schmidt

    1. “The human mind does not work that way. It operates by association. With one item in its grasp, it snaps instantly to the next that is suggested by the association of thoughts, in accordance with some intricate web of trails carried by the cells of the brain. It has other characteristics, of course; trails that are not frequently followed are prone to fade, items are not fully permanent, memory is transitory. Yet the speed of action, the intricacy of trails, the detail of mental pictures, is awe-inspiring beyond all else in nature.” -- Vannevar Bush

      associative indexing bush

    2. the shape of a new thought, a mediated and mechanized thought, one that is described by queries and above all by links."
    1. Bush described associative indexing as the way the mind naturally works, making it a more efficient method for information storage and retrieval.

      associative indexing

    1. “The goals of Web 3.0 include (a) trustless infrastructure; (b) removing intermediaries; and © giving users power and ownership over their data, identity, security, and transactions.

      web 3.0

    2. decentralized systems as a whole currently have a dearth of users, and notoriously lack a killer app

      decentralized web lack killer app

    1. “In theory, theory is suffi cient; in practice it isn’t.”

      in theory isn't

    2. Decreasing the size of the smallest grain size of transcludeable material • Making transclusions recursive

      transclusion recursive

    3. expedite the production of knowledge artifacts

      knowledge artifacts

    4. users can customize interaction func-tionality however suits them best


    5. code is written in a personal programming dialect (which gets translated when exported) within a lattice of frames, each of which may contain whatever graphics, images, sounds, and colors the programmer wishes to collage along with the code (e.g., for comments by self or colleagues, links to related materials).

      personal programming dialect

    6. xporting con-tents to whatever formats downstream applications require

      export downstream

    7. embar-rassingly slow “de-learning” of many of the concepts computer science

      de-learning computer science

    8. Since scripts—which are also represented in frames—can be associated with any object,

      scripts frames

    9. all calls are done by links)

      call by link

    10. All methods for existing objects (move, copy, delete, scale) are identical across all object types.

      all methods identical

    11. Saving (saving is navigation-triggered)

      saving navigation triggered

    12. ifferent treatments of the one-and-the-same transcluded material can be specifi ed in multiple, independent-of-the-source ways.

      independent of the soruce ways

    13. chunking the components of an artifact, such as a document or program, into screen-sized portions (called frames ). Each frame then has a unique name so that it can be referenced by linking.

      chunking referenced by linking

    14. he same content knowably in more than one place (For instance, being able to see a quotation or excerpt and its original context in another document.

      transclusion definition

    15. concept be fully recursive

      fully recursive

    16. the mechanism for effecting the transcluding can also transform the original in desired ways

      transcluded transformed

    17. the mechanism for effecting the transcluding can also transform the original in desired ways

      transcluded transformed

    18. e the fastest way to do something is to not have to do it at all

      fastest way

    19. If it’s in the library, but is too hard to fi nd, it doesn’t exist.

      to hard to find

    20. all of whom did it wrong.

      did it wrong