20 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2021
    1. Those are some typical metadata elements: Title and description, Tags and categories, Who created and when, Who last modified and when, Who can access or update.

      This list makes sense based on the definition of metadata above in the article saying that it helps organize, find and understand data. I would expect these elements to be a part of metadata because they all give information as to what you are looking at and who created it.

    2. Metadata is simply data about data. It means it is a description and context of the data. It helps to organize, find and understand data.

      The word metadata sounded way more advanced than my skill level in computers. I didn't really know what the word metadata meant until reading this article. The fact that it is just data about data makes it way easier to understand. I am finding that a lot of terms that we have used so far in class seemed hard to understand but are actually simple to do once they're broken down.

    1. IaskquestionsaboutthestructureandresultsofwebsearchesfromthestandpointofaBlackwoman—astandpointthatdrivesmetoaskdifferentquestionsthanhavebeenpreviouslyposedabouthowGoogleSearchworks.

      I agree with this. I think we should be asking and questioning things because that is how we learn and develop our ideas and opinions. Once we start questioning all of these things we can take this new knowledge and start to make changes.

    2. AtthecoreofmyargumentisthewayinwhichGooglebiasessearchtoitsowneconomicinterests—foritsprofitabilityandtobolsteritsmarketdominanceatanyexpense.

      I don't believe that Google should be biasing search to its own economic interests. I find that when I am searching things that my ads are targeted to what I have looked at previously or something that Google thinks I will like. As well, some of the other ads are completely random and not related to anything I have searched. I think that Google should base its ads on equality as well as its searches so you gain accurate information and not something put up to serve their own economic interests.

    3. TheGoogleSearchautosuggestionsfeaturedarangeofsexistideassuchasthefollowing:•Womencannot:drive,bebishops,betrusted,speakinchurch•Womenshouldnot:haverights,vote,work,box•Womenshould:stayathome,beslaves,beinthekitchen,notspeakinchurch•Womenneedto:beputintheirplaces,knowtheirplace,becontrolled,bedisciplined

      I can't believe that people are still thinking this way. Suggestions such as women cannot drive or be trusted and they should stay at home and be put in their places are not ones that we should be hearing anymore. Men and women are supposed to be viewed as equal and it shocked me that these came up as autosuggestions on Google Search. That shows that there is still a ways to go to fully achieve gender equality.

  2. May 2019
    1. enginethatistheproblembut,rather,theusersofsearchengineswhoare.Itsuggeststhatwhatismostpopularissimplywhatrisestothetopofthesearchpile
      • I wanted to highlight the previous sentence as well, but for some reason it wouldn't let me*

      I understand why the author is troubled by the campaign's opinion of "It's not the search engines fault". It makes it seem as if there was nothing that could be done to stop promoting those ideas, and that if something is popular it will just have to be the result at the top.

      This can be problematic, as people who were not initially searching that specific phrase may click through to read racist, sexist, homophobic, or biased information (to just name a few) that perpetuates inaccuracies and negative stereotypes. It provides easier access into dangerous thinking built on the foundations of racism, sexism, etc.

      If the algorithms are changed or monitored to remove those negative searches, the people exposed to those ideas would decrease, which could help tear down the extreme communities that can build up from them.

      While I do understand this view, I also think that system can be helpful too. All the search engine does is reflect the most popular searches, and if negative ideals are what people are searching, then we can become aware and direct their paths to more educational and unbiased sources. It could be interesting to see what would happen if someone clicked on a link that said "Women belong in the kitchen", that led them to results that spoke about equality and feminism.

  3. Jan 2017
    1. I am hoping to give answers to people from both sides of the aisle from the perspective of a person who has worked both inside the system and on the outside

      Here, the author is using prolepsis to advise the reader that the rebuttal is anticipated and will be in the discussion. While doing this it leads to the appeal of logic, logos. It does this because once the opposition is reasoned it resonates within them and may give them a sense of understanding they may have not had before reading this article. Later on in the reading when Wagner illustrates the phone conversation with his mother it shows how they, personally, appealed to logic. Once they both gave their arguments on why they voted for their candidate they realized the reason they opposed each other's were for identical reason. Although this illustration was from an appeal of logos, it also, appeals to pathos; because it was a conversation with his mother it creates an emotional connection that will guide a reader to same realization as illustrated.

    2. Without giving my entire biography, I graduated film school and was hired almost completely at random as a camera man for one of the presidential campaigns before the primaries. Through a series of events and promotions I eventually found myself responsible for the media and advertising section of the campaign. Also around the same time I was put in charge, our campaign happened to run out of money.I sat down with the campaign manager, strategist, and communications team and we basically figured out how we could do campaign advertising with absolutely no money. What we ended up doing was bizarre but effective and has now become common practice. When something would happen during the day on the campaign trail, we would quickly come up with an idea for a creative — and kind of bizarre — video about it.

      The author uses narration, or anecdotes, to further explain his argument of how social media has become the news source for politics and it's entity. He refers back to a time where he was hands-on in a political campaign that began the implementation of social media in politics which ties back to his argument. By doing this, he appeals to ethos; his credibility is built by narrating this story in his article. The audience now knows that he has knowledge of what goes on in the background of politics and can comfortably read this piece without second guessing his plausibility.

  4. Jun 2016
    1. Projects may choose to utilise collective action to provide for their needs rather than purchasing services, or recycle and re-use rather than purchasing new product; t

      Remixing to avoid commercialism

    2. he ethics of DiY culture concern taking responsibility for your life and the world around you through positive practical direct action. Do It Yourself culture is the reason that Permanent Culture Now exists.

      hmm.. intersting concept.

    3. There has been many countercultural movements throughout history, yet it is since the 1960’s that many of these ideas really took hold as counterculture develops out of the 1960’s counter culture movements of the United States and DiY culture is a more UK-based movement centred around punk, rave culture, new age travellers movements and anti-roads protests, amongst other things.

      This is interesting from the article I read for class.

  5. Feb 2016
    1. Why do you think that King Affonso let the Portuguese enslave his subjects at first? Inthe letter below, why does the king now request regulations?

      It seems that King Affonso may have allowed the Portuguese to enslave his subjects at first without knowing the possible repercussions. As the saying goes, "if you give an inch, they'll take a mile". In addition, the Portuguese began kidnapping the people, including noblemen. After seeing all that was happening, King Affonso must have came to a realization that there was something wrong, leading to his request for regulations.

    1. But without the rich gold and silver mines of Mexico, the plantation-friendly climate of the Caribbean, or the exploitive potential of large Indian empires, North America offered little incentive for Spanish officials.

      This definitely reiterates what we've read throughout recent text; the goal was riches, whatever the cost.

    2. steppes

      Image Description Sacred Valley in Peru.

    3. A massive pyramid temple, the Templo Mayor, was located at the city center (its ruins can still be found in the center of Mexico City).

      Image Description Image Description The top image is the Templo Mayor ruins in Mexico City. The bottom image is a drawing of what Templo Mayor looked like. I thought these were interesting.

    4. encomienda

      Image Description

      This is an image I found on the internet of the five classes of people in New Spain.

    5. social and political advancement i

      The racial system that was established in the new world was a racial hierarchy. The system worked based on the purity of ones blood. Then it was used as a status for political and social advancement.

    6. What were the goals of the Spanish (individually and as a nation) in establishing an empire in the Americas? In religious regards, the goal of the Spanish was to win the land and people for the Catholic church, as mentioned in the lecture. In regards to power and expansion, the goal was to gain power over the Americas (central and southern) and to seek out the fortunes that were rumored to be there.

      In the biological exchange between Europeans and Native Americans, what diseases, plants, and animals were exchanged? The diseases exchanged from Europeans to Native Americans included smallpox, influenza, and measles. Plants and animals exchanged between Europeans and Native Americans include: large, domesticated animals; corns, beans, squash, and potatoes; and tobacco plants.

      What are the ways that European powers claim their right to claim land in the Americas? The ways that Europeans claim their right to claim land in the Americas include: authority extended by the pope; claims of discovery of the land; claiming they commandeered the land from the previous people; occupying the land; and improving the land.