8 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2023
    1. In the seventies, four versions were developed: Smalltalk-71, Smalltalk-72, Smalltalk-76 and Smalltalk-80.

      It is fair to say that the original Xerox team developed Smalltalk continuosly from 1971 to 1980.

      There were also Smalltalk-74 and Smalltalk-78 also known as the NoteTaker Smalltalk, see https://smalltalkzoo.thechm.org/HOPL-St78.html

  2. Nov 2022
    1. Mark: Cathy Marshall at Xerox PARC originally started speaking about information gardening. She developed an early tool that’s the inspiration for the Tinderbox map view, in which you would have boxes but no lines. It was a spatial hypertext system, a system for connecting things by placing them near each other rather than drawing a line between them. Very interesting abstract representational problem, but also it turned out to be tremendously useful.

      Cathy Marshall was an early digital gardener!

  3. Oct 2022
    1. Before the Xerox machine, this was a labour-intensive counsel of perfection; and it is no wonder that many of the great 19th-century historians employed professional copyists.

      According to Keith Thomas, "many of the great 19th-century historians employed professional copyists" as a means of keeping up with filing copies of their note slips under multiple subject headings.

  4. Sep 2022
    1. 25 00:29:42 researchers did all of them 25 think about it cost about 12 million dollars a year in today's money every single company in this room every single 00:29:59 500 fortune company these are fingernail clippings on your IT budgets you waste more than this every other week and despite that there's not a single 00:30:11 company in America that until recently that has even taken the venture of doing a process like this you have to ask yourself why it's a question you really 00:30:25 wouldn't need to understand because we're not talking about money here return 30 plus trillion dollars in counting

      !- motivation for : deep research into context

  5. Feb 2021
    1. For an opportunity at breakthrough invention (and massive wealth creation), it is important to understand what went right at Xerox PARC. PARC assembled the best people in the field and gave them license to build “the office of the future” (including the license to define what that meant). PARC managers, especially Robert Taylor, had the wisdom to separate responsibility from control and never presumed to “direct” the invention. Instead, Taylor focused on creating an environment safe from meddling and a culture that promoted cooperation when appropriate. The proof of this approach is all around us—and embodied in the device with which you’re reading this article.

      为了获得突破性发明(以及大量财富创造)的机会,了解Xerox PARC的正确做法很重要。PARC聚集了该领域最优秀的人才,并授权他们建立 "未来的办公室"(包括授权他们定义什么是未来的办公室)。PARC的经理们,尤其是罗伯特·泰勒,聪明地将责任与控制分开,从不假定自己“指挥”发明。相反,泰勒专注于创造一个不受干涉的环境,以及在适当的时候促进合作的文化。这种方法的证明就在我们身边,并且体现在您正在阅读这篇文章的设备上。

  6. Nov 2020
    1. The GUI was initially developed as one of many innovative new research projects at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center1. Silicon Valley being a small place back then, Steve Jobs got himself a tour one day, and just flat out fell in love with their GUI.

      The GUI was first developed at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). Silicon Valley being a small place at the time, Steve Jobs had people around him prod him to take a tour, which he took them up on. When he first saw the GUI they were working on, he knew it would be the future.

    1. In 1995 Steve Jobs could still remember it exactly. In an interview with Robert X. Cringely for the PBS show “Triumph of the nerds” he said:I had three or four people (at Apple) who kept bugging that I get my rear over to Xerox PARC and see what they are doing. And, so I finally did. I went over there. And they were very kind. They showed me what they are working on. And they showed me really three things. But I was so blinded by the first one that I didn’t even really see the other two. One of the things they showed me was object oriented programming – they showed me that but I didn’t even see that. The other one they showed me was a networked computer system… they had over a hundred Alto computers all networked using email etc., etc., I didn’t even see that. I was so blinded by the first thing they showed me, which was the graphical user interface. I thought it was the best thing I’d ever seen in my life. Now remember it was very flawed. What we saw was incomplete, they’d done a bunch of things wrong. But we didn’t know that at the time but still thought they had the germ of the idea was there and they’d done it very well. And within – you know – ten minutes it was obvious to me that all computers would work like this some day. It was obvious. You could argue about how many years it would take. You could argue about who the winners and losers might be. You could’t argue about the inevitability, it was so obviousSteve Jobs about his visit to Xerox PARC – Clip from Robert Cringley’s TV documentation “Triumph of the Nerds“.

      Steve Jobs when given a tour at the Xerox PARC in 1979 was so struck by the GUI that they were developing that he could not even process the other things he was shown (Object Oriented Programming and Networked Computing).

      "And within - you know - ten minutes it was obvious to me that all computers would work like this some day. It was obvious. You could argue about how many years it would take. You could argue about who the winners or losers might be. You couldn't argue about the inevitability, it was obvious."

      This reminds me of the moment Roam first clicked for me.

  7. Nov 2019
    1. Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN) developed its own Lisp machine, named Jericho,[7] which ran a version of Interlisp. It was never marketed. Frustrated, the whole AI group resigned, and were hired mostly by Xerox. So, Xerox Palo Alto Research Center had, simultaneously with Greenblatt's own development at MIT, developed their own Lisp machines which were designed to run InterLisp (and later Common Lisp). The same hardware was used with different software also as Smalltalk machines and as the Xerox Star office system.